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JO. 2 

Harvard College 


Stephen Salisbury 










unni or π. rAtL. 






f^RD CCC- 

πίιΥ 34 ICO' 

"■■■■'■ iBRAtsl', 

.!., ■■■ L 



Tmk iEitficval whicb bas elapsed since the second eEtiiicn of ihi^i 
wofk was cxbauBicd has been so ^eat that I seem to owe an 
ftpology to tbe public for Cbe Ikct that, in spite οϊ a steady deniend 
for ihe hook, h has long l>e»n out of prim. Γ was reluctant Co 
briai; out a third cditJoti witbout Brst subjeclin^ the IraQsiatiou to 
a thorough revision, conscious as I was of the cKistence of many 
defects !n a wf^rk, the firsi half at least of whit^h was produced in a 
fire of entiiusiasm, and, owiug to intense concentration, at great 
tpcvd. For that rovifiioo 1 have now found time: it has ool been 
hurried ; and it hac been as thorough as I could make it. Though 
the altcruEioni utt vt-ty nuniprous, 1 have nol remQ\i"d nay of the 
tMcnIial fcalurca of ibe work, i\hicb gave it what freshness and 
[■originulity my readers found in it; but I have endeavoured to 
»move all traces of caielessness, and of undue licerice in rhyme, 
ind το brini; the version closer to ihc ori^inah Λοά have given 
lecial attention to the technique of the rh3r1hni, recasting all such 
ϊβΦ as did not 9«em to " read ihemselvea." 



Book 1 . . .1 

How a Goddess came to the halls of the Isle-Kiog, 
and beheld the riot of froward meD, 

Book II . - . «13 

How Telemachus was defied by the suitors in 

presence of the isle-folk, and thereafter sailed 

Book ΠΙ . . . . «25 

How the prince communed with the ancient tdng, 
and heard tales of the war. 

Book IV . - . . - 3^ 

How Telemachus had tidings of his father, and 
how the suitors laid the snare for his life- 

Β00Κ V . , . . .60 

Of the lone isle of Calypso, and how Odysseus 

sailed thence, and was shipwrecked. 

Book Vi , . . . - 73 

How a princess went to the lineo-washiDg, and 
had pity on Odysseus* 

Book VII . . - . .82 

How Odysseus came unto the halls of the Sea-king, 

Book VIH . . . . -9' 

How Odysseus was at the sports and the feasting 
of the sea-folk. 

Book IX , .106 

Odysseus telleth the tale of his wanderings. Of 
the Cave'giant and bis blinding. 

Book X . , , , i2t 

How Circe by her spells changed the hero's men 
into swine, and how he delivered them. 

viii Contents. 


Book XI . . . » .137 

How Odysseus went unto Hades» and spake with 
the mighty dead. 

Book XII , . 154 

Of Scylla, the Crag -fiend, and the whirlpit 
Cbarybdis; of the kine of the Sun, and tne 
swift vengeaDce for sacrilege. 

Book XIII • . • . .167 

How Odysseus came back to his own land, and 

had counsel and help of Athena. 

Book XIV . . , • .178 

How Odysseus tarried in the hut of the swineherd. 

Boob XV • . , . .192 

How Telamacbus came home again from Sparta, 
and escaped the death-snaie- 

BooK XVI . . , . .206 

How Odysseus was made known to his son. 

Book XVIl . . . . .218 

How Odysseus came to his halls in guise of a 

Book XVIIi . , . . =34 

How Odysseus fought with Irus the giant beggar» 
Of the gifts to Peuelop£, and the nouts cast on 

Book XIX . . .246 

How Penelope knew not Odysseus, but the old 
nurse knew, by the scar. 

Book XX » . .262 

Of the last banquet of the suitors, and the death- 
bodings that came in the midst of their rioting. 

Book XXI . , • , • ^73 

Of the ordeal of the bow. 

Book XXII . . . . .285 

Of the Slaying of the Suitors, 
Book XXIII • • • - 299 

Of the meeting of the husband and wife long 

Book XXIV - . . , - 309 

How the suitors were brought down into Hades, 
and Odysseus and the kin of the slain were set 

at one again. 


brtirlu iljc rlor of frotciairo mm. 

THE ΗοΤ0 of craft'fcaown, Ο Son^- goddess, chant mc his CaniCi 
Wliu, when luw hti b^d l^d Troy-towr, unto many a f.-ii luud 
And many η city beheld fir, ami knew Inebearls of iheir folk, [r^ni^i, 
And by woes of the ββπ was imqaelled, o'er <he rock of hJe epirit 

tbat broke, 
When he f^uit would have won for a prey his life and his friends' 

Vet never they &aw that day, howecevcr hia hcail mi^'ht jcarn, 
Dut tliey |:eriaUeU evtity unCt hy theif uwu mad deeds did Lht'y fftll• 
For (hey ^ai^f;htereil the ktne of the Sim, and devoured them,-^ 

iooitt were ι hey all- 
So in anger their home-coniiuf^ day did the God take away tor tlidr 
guilt. Γιο 

Ο Goddess, inspire my Jay wUh Ehuir tale: uke it up m thou will. 
Now all the rcut of the hoet, through thd jawe of doaLruclion 
(bat parsed. 
U»itl«>btifrercJi, lenipeM-rois^d. weri safe ir thpir hrimrs at Inst. 
ΙΙυί (he ]it*ro OdyE^e^uB only was kept from his wife and hi& rest 
1^^ a Goddess ίίϊ duicaa loat-Iy. Calypso the bciiLitifuMrcsscd : 
^^Kid bhc ][^tT|^i.'d iri liri ^[uUu-huEiiu iv bavc liuii her husb^tud fui ayo. 
^^BU at last, when the ^aaon was come, as the y^ars rolled slowly 
WKT away» [isle, 

' Wbeu ibc God» h&d hh dijom-threaJ spun to return unto Ilbaca's 
To hi* hom^i yet he hud not won nnio thai swent ϊϊΗ fiom his toil. 
Nor yet witli liis fhends was he, and with ruth were the Gods all 
fillfrd, [stilled 20 

Sftve Puudduuj the Loid uf ihc Sea, but hb fury would net bo 

Agimet ^likf: Odysacue. before tohinfathtMlatia-isJene nurvLon. 
Btil new lE> IJl^ fir-olT sliore of Χ\\<• Attliiuj^s Poseitlon wiL&^ooe.^ 
Th• Aethiops, «uauered in Itv^iin, of all men farthesc ny^^y, 
These vrhcrc tlio sun ϊπ ihc main wnks, Ihoac by ihc fountains of 

Wherr The bulls and rhe fat rams slain for the mighty hecatomb Uy, 
TboTc did ho tft^ta the dcJij^ht oi l\\e banquet* ciilhroaod tbuTuat. 
But the tcsi on Olympu*" bctgbt in debate wilh the Thuiidcici sat• 
And Ihe FuTliircf GcnJs iirid ineniolhe rest of the Hk-i^swl liegaii,— 
For his heart in him brooded then oc the fate of & hi^^h-bcira man* 
Aoci&thue, filnia so late by Oretitca, w>a of tbo df^d,— 30 

Aud caUia^ in mill*} hjb tulv, tu the Deulble^th Ihi: ThumOerer saiid : 
*' Out on ίι ^ s«e how these tnonals are wont us Gods to upbraid, 
Sayiafj that trouble aad soriow from us are upon theni laid 1 
Yet thc> of their own btiud fully have woca that were uovur or- 

GAJned ι 
Rven tit Ar^«thue ntyw hach oedeapt his fate, and bath staln«d 
Thn conch of Atroidcd, and slain him es^en as he entered hie horn 
Wiih vcngc*T)oc full 111 hi* aitfJiU f<jr we told liini of thai whi 

«hoiild i^ome, 
For w« warned him by Hermes, the blayer of Arg^ie, the Witcb 

That he neither shuuld iiiunlei llie ItinK t>f imu, Deilhcr tempt I 

For that vengeance tor Atrcus* son should bo dealt hy Oieutoo' h&a 
So »ooQ as he grew unto manhocxl, and longed fur his naiive laod. 
So Hermes spake, hut th^ λοτιΙ of Ae^iiThui would not uive heed 
To the liinJly warning: now dolh he reap Xhtt reward of hi» cLeed." 

Then unto him did Athcni the grey-ejed make reply : 
** Oiu Falhci , KtonoH* s-an, who di)»t rule over printts on hif^h, 
Yea, of Ά truth Uid low in fitting dc*tniction he ii,— 
So pen^h all other herpaiter vho darclh a deed hka thUI 
But mine heart for Odvsseus the sutAlc of ioxtl h livcn in twa! 
For the e^il^starred, wno huth long hf^r^n si^ilTering exile pain 
In the ««A'gin navel-fele of the mtr^if.uT^tei^s-wjde ^*a swell, ^ 

A forefit-cUd iskod it is. and a Goddess Ihurtia d^th dwelL 
Til c daughter of Alfas ibe weiidljuiac. whu batb knowledge of all. 
F.vrn ftll ;h* ahysftf^s of sea, and upbt^ureth the pillars lall 
That koop the plais of the eafth and the axeh of the hcawns 

apart ; — 
That daughter is keeping him mourning and sighing for an^iiikh uf 

And evor with winning And wily words dotb the uoddt^ss cseay 
To bewitch him» and inalte liirn tvieel his home ; but Odysscoa, ayo 
Vrarning 10 have but a sight of ine smoke springing tip thrciLtgti 

the air 
la Ithaca, loDj^eth to die ; but thou, thou do»t not care. \^ 

Thine be^tl is not turned unto pdty, Oljrinpian I—what, did be oc or 

Qt Corner. 

By thr fijdo of the ships of the Ari^ivos the Fat of the fiiicrifice burn 
la broad TrOT-land? Why, Xcu^ia thy vtrttth upotihim so*tcrn?" 
Aosurervd ner Zeus» of μ how h;uitlK the doii^s through tho wcU 

bin Are swept : 
Daegbler, whm 3ftying b this ihrou^b tho fence of thy teelh that 

liath leapt ? 
[ow «hall I foTgei Odycc*u«» thsgodlilcc man, whc Is wt«c 
lyouJ all iiioftAk folk, sad hath doodmcrv scicnricQ 
Uuto the dcatluc»3 Gods who dwell in the broad-archod heevcn ? 
Bui iht notii of Puseidon the Girder of Hartli hath never for^vcn 
The thing that be did to iheCydope^ robbing thp giant of «i^t, 
Polyphctnue tbc >;od-Mroni^ monster, ^rcotcst in bodily mijfht 70 
Of uii the Cyclopru ; he of Llic sca-i^od riiotcyb' d^iii^hlcr» 
Tbc^sji, was born hy iHa tnnnd of thp.dash of the deep »jfA-WAlftr : 
Fot in hollow caverns the Lord of the Sea to his breast had caagbt 

Since iben, Eaitb-sbalcer Postridon, seeing he may Dot slay, 
Maketfa Odyseeus af^r fron^ his fatborland-fhore to stray. 
Btit comei let us that be hero tako coixn^d with one conscct 
Huw he rLiay win to his homu, aod Po£<:idoii shall dica iclcut 
Fron) bU AQg^Fj for auriTily hi• will not hr fthlp aloni? lo fight 
With ίίβλίΐ, Dor to lAk4> his revenge in IhedeathletsGods^ despite/' 
ThcD vuito him did Athena the grey-eyed ni«kc reply : do 

" Our F;tlhr.-i, Kitjii^^if' son» wliu dust rule over pi iricir^ oji high. 
If this dotb in :r\)th seem good in the eyos of the Gods ever-blpst 
Thai Udyssoua the subtle of soul shall wio ϊο hi&lomoand hierost, 
Heim?& then let ussend, tbc Sbycr of Ar;:uui the Guide. 
Unto whei« Ogygfa brvin the rtiliist of itit? loni< «ea'tidc?. 
L«t him there to the f^irtreu^ nymph our sure decree declare. 
That Odvsticu!» the atoodtist- hearts: d tmclc to hU home runy fare. 
Lvt I vrifl awuy uulo lth:&cji'x littaud» and thm^ will [ fdl [wili> 

~lth courage th^ breast of his son, and will ^ive hini a masterful 
he to α folkmote may coll lb« AchaDHoe with loDg'Sowing 
hair. 90 

tfld tit^fore ιΤι«π3 may bid tlie indolent suitors all beware, 
ho are sbyin^ bie abeep and Ins trail fuut wreath-honicd kine 
tud iheu aUI [ »ettd linn to SpurU, and Py}tx% the aandr shore, 
Tidings TO 4««kof tll•^ fjiiher heloveth, if ati^ht he rniy learn: 
And «o fair f^ufirdcn of ^'Irtry of men that eou shall earn. ' 

Tiled under Uci ^hitt: feet lit:d the GoddcM her wuid^tK pridcp 
^mlitusLil. ^'oklrn frleaniir)}^. whirh bore ber ov^r ihu niairi 
Swift as the winds faΓ'StΓτ^1]IJiα^', ^nd o'er eiirthS; limitless plain. 
And ohe ;;raupcd her war spear strong, whocic point with tbc keen 
brau anone, 
iderous, siLudy, and long, wberewltbal ar« ttie ranks over- 
thrown 100 
If bcroe:} that kindle the ire of the Child of α mighty Stre. 


TCSr SJDtftfSCp 


From the crf^U of Olympus Adown hAth she flafihed tbiough tl 

vcad&oi the air; 
And LQ hhftca's land tiod town, by Ody.^^its' )iabt:r bir, 
ShcRlrtDd Uy the forecourt dtmr ; in her hanJ wijsiheUurr uf Imw; 
And λ ^lest-fnencl's shape ^he wofe, the Taphian Mciile^ be was. 
And the suitors therebeside she f<>uD<i, ruid the dir^e Ihcy threw, 
SitlUifi on many ά hide of the kine tlial they lawlessly slew. 
And the henchmen And serving-men were hastening hither 

thithei J 
There vixirc some that were min^liDi; then the wine and the wati 

together ; [i lo 

And with spondee of rra-nifold mesh some washed the tables ovw. 
And they act ihcm forth. And with llcsh in abundance tlic board 

did ihty Loyer, 
Thfin was godlike Telemnihus ware of Atheni befoie the rest ; 
Pot bo tat mid the suitors there with a burden of pain on his bi 
Bcholdini; his sire in his Heart, evei loolHng to sec him come 
And seal [CI the Suitors £.part, and drive them afar from hib home. 
And, enthroned in bis kingly piide, be lord as of old λΓ his ovm. 
So dreaming, the sad son spied a stranger unheeded, alone : 
And he ran lo the porch with speed. fi>r his heart was indignant to »c4i^ 
How none to a (juest gaire heed ; to the stranger's side came he. 
And with greeting her hand he pressed, and the brazen spear did 

he take; 130 

And thus to Ihe unknown finest the son of the hero sp^e : 
*<ΗΐΰΙ to thee, siranger: fair welcome be thine nnto this mine 

homo 1 
First ta&ic of our cheer ere thou teU us thy need For the which 

thod art come." 
Then Tolemnchus led the way, and the Goddess followed bim ; 
And anon in the ball stood they, 'ocalh Ihe roof'l>eanis lofty and 

di(M ; 
Thfrn look he ihe spesi i>f his gu^st^ nnd agamsi a column's he%hi 
Placed in a jnvelin-resli where ciiany a spent cfeamed brit^ht 
That in day* of yore Odysseus bore through ihc storm oi the (i^ht. 
And au to a thione he led her, > cimningly dif^hl falT seal [ i^) 

And linen Ihoreox-er he spread, and ft footfitcol he set for her Feet. 
And a hi^hseat apart irom the rest of the amtors he set to quid, 
Giving heed lest the 5tr;ingcr- guest, being vexed by their riAnncr^ 

lc?w riot, 

No joy of the feast might have, in the midst of ad insolent thTonj;( , 
And moreover tome news would he crave of hxa father» lost to lon^i 
AnJ the l>ti|;ht spring water was biought by a ιηίΐίιΐοα, ftild poi 

from II ewer, 
Golden, beautiful -wrought, into laver of silver pure 
To Tvajib withal, jtnd she spread a table of poluned sheen 
By their side, and served was ihe bread by the btew;ndet% tntxlexl 

of micD, 

*Κ I, 

οΓ I^onirr. 




Wiih all things a^my loeai, ^iven irerly of λΙΙ her store; 
And to these nil mnnncir of ment in piMtors Iho carver bore- 140 
And bf ic^ht ΟΆ ihc board at their side did the golden cbaliccA ahinc. 
And ihA hr^nrhmnn his a^ce plied, ciitpoiiring tho rlarae-llush^ 

Then into the fcnst-halt pressed Ehe suitot^t an Arro^^Dt throng, 
nd they sat them dowu in the i&t^t on ΐΙι<ϊ hi^li-M^itln raiiged ^tToiiu. 
■"d wai^ the faenchmen poured, oer iho hariquetere' hjnide w;is it 

d the cnaidcDs set Forih on tZic board the hcApcd-up itiauads of 

llie bo^ft wicb the wioe Blled up tl^o bowle, ^nd they crowned 
each cup, 
they put forth ttjcir hands to cat of the tiling» on the board th^t 
i^t when th<t dosirc of meAt and of drinit was cZean dono awiiy, 
he miada of the suitor-throng unco oihcr dclig^hts gave place. 150 
S^en to (he dtiiice and ihe song» ihe banrjncl'^i garland of grace. 
And th€a did ft h«nohm;in bring to the minstrel a beauiifid lyre, 
For to Ibcm wonl Phcmius to smg^ in clespitu of his heart's dcaire ; 
And his lingers swept the siring, and the fociDt^iu of soijj^ '^au llow. 

Thru 10 her of the bright grey eye Teletiiacbiis spakp fiifl low, 
Bendmg h\& head hUl ni^h, lest the others should hear, and know : 
Wilt thou have indignation, straagsr, at that which my lips shall 

say ? 
ieasant to these mens hexns are the sotind of the lyre and the hy^ 
iehtly eoow, for ihoy fcasi upon cheer for which he must pay [t6o 
Wbostf buucs, 1 wecQ, in the rain arc bleaching and rotting aw^y, 
Lying on land, or tnmbled aod rolled by the waves to and fro ) 
Ah, if they saw him returning to Ithaca's isle, I trow, 
For iwiftness of flyinK feet would rhe rabbla of dastards pray 
More fcivt-tEtly (&i than foi treasure of gold and of gallant array ΐ 
ut DOW he hath perished, hath perished by fate most wretched, 
and we 

not, nor aic glad, if men, acy dwellers en earth that be. [day I 
uSp 'L•o, he is coming!" — ah no, but lost is his home-coming 
i come now, answer me this that 1 ask^ and without fail say : 
bo art fhoot and whence among men } Thy city and parents 
dccluic» [bear 170 

what manner of ship didst thoti come, and how did ih^ shipmett 
heeunlo Ithaca's shore ? What land do they boast for their own ? 
br I doubt thou hast scarcely come hithcrward faring: 011 foot and 
And prithee declare to me this in truth, to the end I may knew ; 
"oat thou r^ow first come, or art thou a friend of long ηβο Ithen, 
Of lUy falhei's ? — foi many they were that ciune to our dwelling 
la the days overpast, for my site bad dealings with many men/' 
Made answer to him Athena, the Maid of Elie flashing eye : 

^bt Φϊρββίρ 


" AstoucliTn^ λΙ\ Ibis will I m<ikc (into thcr an nnfixi^nnd rcpty, 
Menze&em t> thewwi o( Anchhihts wi^tpatid tsrave; (i8< 

1 iLin king of the Taphion folk, of tlic nation that lovclh the wAve< 
And now am 1 come, a» ye ^cc, o'er the winc-tiaik waters to jou, 
SftHing ti aIu'-H foik \vith my ship, evtn J and my crew, 
Unto Ταπί et; A sjiilin^ for bms^, mid of H^biug irDn is Tiiy freight ; 
And yonder my ?<hip off shore ^far fiom the city doth ^vait. 
In ffcithru^' li&veii, where Neius' foresls Icok donn on ihe sr^^ 
And thy father and 1. old frietids, and thi? sons of friends^ are w^ 
From the hral ; for witness, go and enquire of the old man hoAT, 
Lficrtcs the hero : he cometh, they say, to tiic city no nwrc : 
Hut far away en hb farm is he tulTering trouble and care. 
With none save a handmaiden old bis meat and his dr^nk to prv* 

When w&arines» seizeth his linibs, as to and fro he goes, 

Cheerlessly crcqiing along the slope of his vineyard-close. 

Bui 1 came ατ looking to find him at home,— for so did they uyt- 

Thy sire; but the Gods are letting him ycl from bis homeward wayi 

For Odysseus the godlike, oot yet d&id iipmi c^uth is he. 

But somewhere ts prisoned still alrvc in the midst of the sea, 

Jn α wave- washed isb, and hard ficr<re men are his jnilors thcrci 

Holding him CAptive and chafing sore in caged despair' 

Biil list to my pro|jhe*:y now. as the Gods have spoken the thing 

Unto my soul, and Ihis to fulhlmeot, I know, shall they bring, ΰι 

What though no scor I be. nor cunning to know bird-lore; — 

Not tnuch jouger shall he l>e wiihheld from his f^UioTlitnd-shora, 

Not though encompassed about with fetters of iron he be, 

He wdi und out a wity to escape ibem, for manifold »htfl8 halh Ηοϊ 

Dul conic now, nuswcr me this, and without fat) tcl) mc all, 

If tho win of Ddvsscns himself thou be, so ^-oodly and tall. 

Strangely Itko him dost thou seem both iri head And in boautifv 

eyes ; 
Fot often and often we tw^iin forgathered in friendly wise 
Or ever he p;issed Linto Troy, wliithcr many another beside (aio! 
Of the chieis of the Arrives in hcllnw j^iaiEeyB went οιίϊγ the tide, 
Since then hath he not seen mc, nor I have Ody&scua espied." 

Then unto her wise-witied Telemarhnt; annwerpd again : 
" Yea, this will f tell to thee, stranger, in truth, and I will not fnign. 
Begotten of him. sailh my mother, λγά I, buE 1 I^tiow not ttiis 
Of mywlf, — there never was mortal that knew hi^ father, J wis. 
Ο had 1 l^eien «prung from a happier man, whom m\a might have 

At peace in hi» home, with hb friends and all his postessions 

around Τ 
But he that is: mo«t ill'faiod of all men on earth that bo, 
Uf him, say they, was I bom, seeing this thou b^si asked of mc." 
Then unto him Alhcn^ the grey-e^ed answcicd a^ain : 22t 

'- Nay, hut bj- ^racr. οί ibc Goil^ ibou art cfvmtt of A glorinus ftmif), 

BOOK t. 

oC ^onirr. 

Whicb y^x ebaU be fATii«>d, sinco Pen^lopu biro cuch a eoq as thou. 
Bat conae, declans unto iii«, and unfuiciiutlly anawer mc now : 
Wb4l feaatiiig b this} what m^i^iiotU the throitg ? how toucbrth 

it thw? 
A bao<)uiet ? -a briiUl ?— a fellow eh ψ feast tt c^^nnot be» 
Overbcsrin^^lx insolcut Mometb their riot and revel lo mc 
In ibt hill as ibciy banquet ; iii *uM>ib« if a wise mitn bitlurrward 

Aod Mw il, hi» wrath woutJ bo Icindle4, beholuiiu: such deed» of 

Then unto her in reply wUU'wiu«d Td^machus spake : 
'* Stranger, «iooe thou do»l enqiufv of this, mia^ au^wer take. 330 
Onoa, ah once, this house mignt wc^iltiiy und princdy have been 
In (bit ]»iif;-4^u days, wheu be in the a>iJaL of his pcujile was «r^an : 
Bui DOW thO!te Ιιθ)ϊβΐ by (be evil resr>lv« of the God« aro banished, 
for be, by their doin^, beyond all nion is dean gone, vanished ; 
For iT that he wccc but dcdd. I should not be beart-^tiickcn 3.0, 
If he with ht!t oomradus hjid Iw^ii in Ihe land of Troy laid low, 
Or hod died in the arm» of hh frionds, when the tolU of his w^^rkre 

were ended ; 
Theu liatl Adi^iu Jtnie huaoui to him with dealh-iiies splendid ; 
Yea, be had won gieai fame for hi^ whi fr>T lhi> unborn days, 
but now h;ive the utoni; heoda matched him away, he hatb left no 

trace ; 240 

He U gun« beyond sighi, beyond hvan'rg, lialh left ine in anguish 

Yea, and it i» oct for him, him onlv 1 make my moan, 

For anothf^r burdr-u nf cares liave iheGoJsou tiiy .shoulders ibrowu. 

For Μ the chieftains thai rule in the islands lyJn^ around, 

Diilicbtiiin, Sami, Z^Icynthus moreover, the forest crowned» 

And all :hc princca that dwell in Ithaca's rugged isle, 

AU ibcju? name wiwiing my nitJthej, the liuuse they ilcvoui ami ^(Jnil. 

Aad ihe iKiilher iefni«tb the hateful marriage nor yet can «he end 

Thfir wooing, and ever the wealth oi mine bouse do they reckies&ly 

spend ί 
And soon these ravening l*a«l< «haJI turn upon m« and rend." 250 

Then with indi^niani voice did I'alhut Athenft reply : 
"0 vcniy soir. is thy need that the far-away bcto wore by. 
Thai the shaniHr^ss suiturs• might feel the weight uf bis migbty 

For if new he should come, and there on the hotise's threshold stand, 
With his sbiclLl, niid tljc lances twAin, and the Uclm-cicst noddiag 

The Odysdeus of oM, as he ^λ5 when Arit I looked u(>on bim 
Uriniiirg nnd tasiin^ dchsht of Ehcr fea^t in our Taphian home, 
Whtn frtim Ephyrt-IanJ, from I his, M.'-rmenni" ftun.hehad cume; — 
For thiEherward ntil did Odysseus his flecl-ilying galley iteer [a60 
Iq qtKst of the murderous poison hia bros^-headed arrox^s to uuear. 

^iT iPuytftfrp 


Hiat hQ grtotod it net, foi thrr i?-v«i- a hilling Gnds feAred he ; 
bul my folher gave him th<*rcof, for he lovod htm exceedingly :— 
Ah, in such ^a\&G if Odysacii^ amidst of the «uitois were soco, 
Swift would llir; JuuLu of ihciii all tie, biUcr ihfi bildal, I ween. 
Bin in 5ooth on rhe knee^ of th'' Gods lii?lh all whereof we epeak, 
Whether or no he κΚλΙΙ come back agiiiti, meet vengeanca to wreak 
Here in hU palncC'hAlls^ But 1 bid theo co).inscl Ehine heuut 
How fwai thy dooTs Ihti suitors lo thnisl, thai the herd Tnaydopatl. 
Now therefore, hearken to that which 1 βay^ uno give ολγ io my 

rede: [&kad: 270 

To'dLorrow the men of the fand summon thou to the £oJktiio4c- 
kod speiik (hou ihe w^rdumo all, and call ihoutoivilcett^theGod*. 
liid the suitors to scatter their several wnys to their own abodes : 
And thy mother» if to it should hap that to wed be her hcatVs desire. 
Lei her luro ft^iiH, anil depari to the hall i}f her iiii;;i(ly sSre : 
And her kinsfolk shali order thebriiial, and store of gifts shalJ array, 
Even such as beni when a princesa in marna(;o is j^n'on away. 
And to ihce thyscSf will 1 give good cc»unsf 1, if thou wilt beed : 
Make ready a galley of twenly rowers, thy swiftest for speed. 
And go and etii^uire concerning thy father, long lost In his home, 
If perchnnce any morlfJ will teil llice, or heaven-sc^nC rumour conio. 
Such QLS spcedeth with tidlags to luen, but is trackless as lightning. 

ίί re- 
Go Bret unto Fylos, and ask thou of Nc^or concerning thy sire : 
TheDCC unto Sparta, to sec Menclans the golden-tressed. 
Who of brass-mailed Greeks buth been last lo 6nd from his waii- 

denng^ rest. 
If so ut thy father's life and his home-coming feet thou ahalt hear. 
Surely, however woe-woru, thoucould^I bear upyei ft^r a ycar- 
But 9ind if thou shnlr hear of him dead, in the \κηά of the living 

no more, 
Thereafter turn thou λ^άλώ, cotng back to thy fatherland shore. 
And heai> him a bairow, AniJ all the twfitting tlt:vTh-ril«s pay 
To his shade : 10 a husband then (five liiou thy mother away» 390 
But when thou hast done these thiagu, and the work to tat cod hast 

Coiirt^l thy spirit Ehereafter, and bid thy soul take thought 
How thou shall slay these suitors by force ot by subllety. 
Ridding thine house of the spoilcre; behold• it U time lor tbce 
To have done with the things of a cbilJ. for thy childhood ix over 

and gone, 
Hftst thou not heard what glorv the godlike Orestes hnth won 
In all men's sight, by slayjug the mac thai murdered his sire, 
How he gave to ArgisibLisihutreacberouS'SouIed his iniquity's hire? 
And thou, my friend, who art stately of form and goodly of face, 
Be vAbant, and they that arc yet for 10 come shall speak tby praise- 
Dut now must I hence unto where my goud sbtp rock-s on the sea, 
And where my cnmpaniotts, Γ doubt, are chafing with walringfor me: 


tfWK I. 

Df ^omm 

,JJut thotj take thoTte[ht, ftnd l«t not my vord« bo \iohc«dod of thco." 

Tbcn iinti> her wtacwitlcd Tdcmaclius Answer made ; 
'' Striin^pr, in sooth n^hi rdf-nilly in th\^ thai ihy Wns hjive «il<f, 
As a f^tber might couno»! a i^on, ^ind thy words wiJl J never forget. 
But Lhoit»;h thou be eager to saiJ, come Urry a little yet, (heart : 
Uuiil ihovi h^sl tasted Ibu t>Jtth-Jcti]^ht ^od h^LSi dietietl Lhine 
Ttwn χτϊιίι joy in ihy tiotil and a gift in thine band to Ihy gAlley 

A cosEly fift and ft fair ibr an heir1i>Dra sh^It thoti reccuci 310 

Even inucli as friends unto fncnds from .^far ;irf^ wont to give." 

Answering then unto him did Aihcni> th«i gre^-eyed say : 
'* Nay» hinder me not who am stcadfasily minded to ΐζρ on my way; 
And the ^ift thai thine heart is falD to bellow, some otlicr day, 
When n^Ain I slmlJ come, thou shall give it me then, to mine borne 

to bear; 
Be it fair as thou wilt, it shall win tbte a recompense c\'en as fair," 
So when she h^id endeil her say the GodJess fashed from hb 

Liko an oa^le dartrnj^ awayt ^nd she hlled his spirit with nii^'ht ; 
Ard coufai^e did P^llds inspire, and more than in days ovrrpH^t 
S^ie awakened thought** of his sire; and, marking her vanishing 

Cast, )^o 

He thrilled with amazed delight, for he guessed Chat a Goddo^ it 

And fio did the godlike wight to the herd of the suitors pass. 
Axd the glorious bard was sin^ng, acd silently listened the thiong 
To the lay aud the harp-notes ringing and eccmiag to wail with the 

Of the heaven-eeat griefs of the victor-chiefs akod the home-track 

Bui the sound of the song divine to an upper chainber did riMi 
To the chiW of Irarius" line, ΡβηβΙορΛ pa55inff-wise ; 
And down the steep ladder aud long of the nmnaicn the lady 

descended ; 
Not alone came she to the throng» but by handmaidens twain at- 
tended^ Γ 330 
So she came to the feasting- place of the suitors» that Udy divine; 
And bhe atood by a column tall of the Hchly-carveu ball. 
Holding in fTOTir of her face her headveil flainty and fine 1 
And a trusty handmaid stood by the queen upon either side ; 
And her teats brake forth in flood, to the bard divine as she tried : 
" Minstrel, thou knowest full many another delightsome thing. 
Stories of heroes and Gods, whose praises the miusirels ^ing ; 
Sing eomewhal of thesci in the midst of the men as thou sittest, 

and they [lay 

Shall hearken the while ihey drink, hut refrain f^om thfs mourrfuJ 
Which breakcth the heart in my breast whensoever 1 hear it sung. 
Tor vrith pain that t cannot forget my heart, my heart Is wrung ; 

φ{ν flJbiWrp BOOK i. 

S«di ft he«Q v« he 1 ivniurrtlwr anJ long to \i^ho\i\ evermore; 
ΧΧ'ΐΜβ ^lotj UiTou^h H«1U4 wide «preadeth ffoin oonhMti lo south- 

enuiM»! shore" 
Sfwke tinlu her wise^HiUcd Tcslcjii^ctiua ^mswtting : 
•• Molbff mine, priih^^ why dost ihoi.i srLtdg« thai the miDstral 

diviBe should ^nfi [thU 

P» our pkttMrv wtuicvcr his spirit li^th bid him ? No birds ΐόβ 

^' . h gftin-veinturesomi? mon, unto «lach man ^ter hiu will. 

U- νη.« ^lolh vrilh iho barti that he oingetli tbo iate of the Danaans 

fc\v «v«r thfti >ong ^aτh highest gtierdor of prahe of men 
\\ h-MO mobdy fluuteth around thoir οάπ unhoard ero theo. 350 
N«v. Wt thy «inrit cTidorc to attend this hcnrEthnLlmK l^y, 
l\>r 11 ΐΛ out OdyviCiiH alotir ΠίΛΐ liAlli lo^l liis 3 loiik-- turning ihajri 
IM nuLfty a hero befiide did ih^^ tiaiUe and hillovr Alty. 
U«M thon« «bier into the hoijsc, to the Ul>oura of woinfto ^ve hocid, 
l\> the lolls of tlic spindle ftod loom, auil comnnaiid thy nijiidcn» to 

Vh^i U^kii, and leave it to m«xi to cpeab, aod chidly to mc, 
tW mine i* the lordship in this miiw hoi^ue, and the mastery/* 

And Uir ladvi vihh wunder sitrrc'd, did hai^k Lu (he hcjuse dep^rtj 
ΚλΛ sh• poadcr«d her son"*; wisp word» and she Jaid it up in hw 

hoiirt. [again; 360 

S> «he iMsscd with her handmaidens twain to tho upper clmmlwr 
\xt'\ ihf*n- /or the dear days dead and ih« love 0/ Odyvseuft she wept, 
Vui Ath*n4 the sleep-dewe ehcd on her sorrowfid «ye», aad ahe 

Uot Ihn Mtilors with lunjult and brawl were loud thrmigh th^ 

shadowy hall, 
EMh cUiminf; with paseioiiat« cries tho princees's bridal-hcd : 
VM to thcni Tclcm^chus wi^o of spmt full dftantI««c^Ty ^^id : 
* My tnothor'ii suitors all, ovprtwanngly msolmt crew. 
i*ow lot ut t>aniiuei in peace, muksD^E thi:: hrawlini; ado; 
Voff in M>oEb 'tis a j^lrn-ioufl tiling to li%t to the hieh Uy ringiiif 
fWcii the lijis cjf n baid till it ^oundt m ihc Ctiids oat of fifiAv^n 

Vf%n fiinginj(. 370 

Bill tomorrow we all will go and sit down in the follcmotc-^tead, 
kuA there shall a wirainj; from me unto yon be openly Mid 
TV* |IH ynu forth of my bills, and ill nlhcr rur.n'% lablrK mrntiti*. 
iVvoMHQ^ your own posses&ioas, and changing from houftcto houeo. 
|%at if tin» thing sceincth to you more honest nnd fair to see — 
^one nuui rjoly to live, Aod devour his goods scot^frof;, 
\h^Hte 00, and I will cry to ihe Gods that endure for ay«, — 
Η J^ljt will grant a requital foi these your dccda one day. 



<[\cni vhen ye die m these halls^ shall youi blood on your t>wa 
heaiU he." [heard. 

So the brave yoting voice mag clear, and biting their lips th«y 


»ΟΚ I. 

of ^ffmtr. 



' ,4 Τ 

all u-ond«ring, half in foar. tbat eloul Jnd d^fiaat wofii, jSo 

Bui AntinDUtt answcrintr Bpalie unto him, BuE^ctlhcs' son ; 
'* Tckiuai^htu surely, I Uun, τΐιβ Gud> themselves have begun 
To l«ch ibee to play the br^ggan, to «pefik iliu* h:irdi1y Τ 
ay the Soii oi Kfoxiou id UbacA weltered abuut by the tcA 
ot mikc dhee kin^• which by ri^ht of thy father pcttamcth to 

tlioc ! " 
Then unto l»m wiee-wiited Telemachue answering »p«ke : 
Antinoui, wilt thou be angry at hc^ul for the answer 1 maike ? 
I Tvere well ;:c}L•1eut if Zeus tiuto nic ihh ufowu would give. 
Dtuil thou Άΐγ tK:<i thi*; is llit rii4Mn«.'tft thing th:it ίΐ m,in niixy r«!eive ? 
Nayt it 15 wall with •λ tnun that le kiog, lor βθ μοοά i^loie 3^ 

Of wcahh Cometh into bii bouse. And dim^lf 11 hoinjurcd the more. 
Hul ill suutii thcic Ijc lo:iliuf AlIij^u late full in.iny Iwiidr, 
Both yotmg m^n xnd old, in Tthftca washed Ly the girdlinif tide : 
Let 9C(nc one ol them Κανό tlu». since Udy^^euu the K<^dhkc hAth 

But however it fallp \n any •wise king of mifie houKe will I l>e, [me." 
d oi thralU whith the 4pear of Ody&suuii the godlike won for 
And to him did J'olylms" M>o* EuiymcichLia, make reply: I^'c» 
Telemochuh, !»uoih iheiw; things un the knees of the hi^h cindfs 
Who %\yj\l be king of Ach^eans in Ithoc» washed ty th^ brine ; [400 
But thou be kin|^ ed thine bouee, aod be lord over all that i& thino. 
ay the man never come v^to by lawless inight aball tear from 

thmtf hand 

Ufiht of thy iutifitance, so Jon^ aft Ithaca's town shaJI *tand, 
But, mij^hticsi, fain would 1 know of the stranger that came unto 
bence did he come, and what land's sod doth he l^oast him Co be ? 
ea, where i:; bin birth-spot found, and the soil of his latherlitnd 
home ? [come ? 

fh lit bring iu:y word of thy aire, as saying that wjun In? will 
>r hithcrward journeyed the stranger moved by a. need of hit own ? 
ow suddenly »pcd he aw:iVt and waited not to be known ! 
α mean nvnu he> but ^tutefy aiid guudly to loLjk upon." 
Untc him did Telcmochust waiy of wil make answer ant! say : 410 
" Hurymuk^hus, utterly loat ifl my father's hcrnc-coming day. 
Tidingn nuty come and may go» for 1 trust them no lonj^er at all. 
cither heed I the H>othx4.yci'3 ait, wtmt thuugh my mnthrr may 


he «eer and the sooth^yer into her hail, of their lore to enquire. 
ut this my stran^r-gueat Ά of Taphoi», χ itiend of my mic, 
entes he is, the son of AnchiaJu* wi?se :ind brave, 

is kinc: of the Taphian folk, of the nation that loveih the wav6.*' 

In mbtJety so did he say. but hi^ heurt of the Goddess wns ware. 

So they til the wiiiiomc lay and the liglit daiitit? tumrd them 

there; [should fall : 410 

And thoy levcllud throughout the hall till the shadows of even 


%ftt ΦδΜίίΓ)' Of Womrr. 


And amidM of tVicir riotous play the folds of the cvcdjdc deK<uidcd«' 

And «Hch onr lliertiifler his way (o his icst Ihrtiujih [Tie glocim!n| 

Lookiai^ forth on Ihc courtyard cIoac, the beautiful pillared %\ 
TdcinAchus' chniiibcr rose, higb-hLnll tn λ ΪΑτΛοο\ίΐιΐίζ pUcc : 
And thither to rest he tiinied, drpji-pnndfirin^ many a τhoυghL 
]n the room bright torches burni^d, which iho leal Eurycitia hi 

An ftiicd woman, the datichter of Ops, I'cisr'nor's sot» ; — 
Of ofd hnd Laertes bought her, atid wciUth foir his wealth bad 

She was yet in the bloom of young life, aod twcDty oxen he ^ve. 
And even s* his own true wife did the master hrinour the stave, λ; 
But refrained, with a wise man's dread of tho wrath cf bis wi' 

froiii hcf bed; — 
Tliu* bare she alway the brands to his chamber, and lov^ him 
As did Π0Τ1Γ of the m^ids, fnr her hands had iiiirsed hint year* n^o». 
So ho opened the doors that led to the chamber richly -dight, 
And be sat bina down on the bed. and hi> tunic he doued for tl 

And he ec£^ it unto tho old ^rey nurse who was waiting therct 
~ she took iti and mcctljr did fold, and she smctothcd xi over wΐtll^ 


And she hung it on high to a peg that was nl^h to the carved' 

couch lEair. 
Then, through the door as she went, with the silver handle-ring 
She closed it, and huiii<5 ^he scat the boll with the leather string, 
Afid all through the night, ae h^ lay 'neath the rich soft tieece of a 

Hla hean wji» full uf tlie way bo mu^t inko, aud he could not sle^p. 


ttHrlrniiirlmo tnau tttirli b? t^c uiUtotru m prfffcncc of 


TJIH grejr mists flushed into red, And the Roey-fingcrcd shanci 
And llgfiily Lipt^pian^ from Ins Iwrd Odyssi'ws' ttelovcJ son ; 
And h« clnd him, snd fturg atoned his shoulder big fftkhion keen, 
And tid beautiful suidels he bound fast under hb feet's wliitc sheen. 
Thcji foith oi his chambers lie wcut. as a i^uJ were Iri^ pic^euce 

Aa<l itr&ighE his eomnijuid he eettt to the homkls with voic9 doar- 

To Cdtir to the folkinotc-stcad the Achtcans with loD^-fluwiog hair. 
Ad^ the heralds did as he £aid, Ληά the folk c:ime catheoriii^ there- 
But when all aeecuibled vrore^ey. when tfarouged vrere tbe folk of 

tlie LoiiJ, 
Tdths folkiiioce he hied hlrn awfty v/iih his braj^eD «pear In hH 

hand' lo 

Not alone went he to the place, but bU Aeet hounds followed bb 

And o\'«r him iieavenly grace did Pallas Athena shed ; 
So «Utdy his princL-ty pride that ail nieo were fain to ndLitire. 
And the eldeiH moved 4side, and he aal in Jit; ^eat uf hb aiie. 
Then out and spHk« lo the crowd Ae^ypliu-i, h^^ro bold, 
By weight ot hi^ ye^Lre ovvrbowed, but hlfud with knowledge untold- 
YeA too, hia L^cloved aon with the godlike Odyaacus" band 
Ιϋ iLt; liollovf |;a]!eys h^d guiic uiito Ilium tlie wui-slecd luiid» 
Kven Afiliphus, ^peannan hrav#, whotn the Cyclop* hmb from lirnb 
Had ront io hi:f ehadciwy cave, and h^id supped the last upon him. 
But three buii^ ^llU be beside , witb the suitors Euryoomua jojued* 
But two w-ifli ilieir sire did abide, iheloiUof Ehe Fatm-siead fomind- 





id hi» tears full down like laln. lo the folk as the old iiiiiu spulce 
Itbacan», hearken to me^ and give beed to the word thai I my. 

** %it iDuptftfr? BOOK 11- 

ttfog thoreb<-ith Ueca no f(ilkini>tii, nor K'albRrmg, since ihc day 
■*ββη 0d>ujcus the ijodlike in hiillow ^iTilleys went Hiiiing aw^iy. 
And ttniv, who huth gathered us thus? whai hopes have stirred 

him, or fears ? 
W he one of the yuunger men, or of such a?i lie sinckea in years? 
Hath he heard any tidings at »1\ concerning ihe host's return 30 
Which oow he would tell us, as who hath been first thereof to 

learn ? 
« comes h« to apeak aught oUe that to all the land doth pertain } 
He is good m;in and truo. 1 wocn ; he U blest in his d^ed ; may be 

At the haatl tif Zciift λΙΙ hlt^sitig whereof his heart k iciin f " 

I'hcn Odysseus' son was fain of the omen> the well'WUbing 

Nor long did he «ik^nC ϊβιη^ιϊη, for he bumed that hU cause should 

be hcArd : 
And forth in the midst djd bo stand, and the sceptre was giv«n to 

his hand 
oy the herald Peisfnor, who nitrscd wise counseU and deep in his 

breast \ 
And he spake; to llic old man ftrsi the words of bia mouth he ad^ 

dicssed : 
" Old sirr, not sfar is the man, ae thyself full ΐοοη «huh sr*, ^o 
Who liath gathMod the folk : above all men anguish cnoompasseth 

1 have heard no tidingi ai all concerning Ihe host's return 
Which now I miubt tell yoii, a^ one that was firet thereof to I«ara : 
Nor of aught Ahali I spoaJc to the comnton weal that doth oppcrCaio ; 
But lUe tiuttet riniicrining m^v^lf» inv giiHf aud my house's Uuie. 
It ifi twofold; my ^allanl sire have I lost, who of r>ld h»re sway 
Over you that be hctv, and «vcn as a father was kind alway. 
But sorer than thin, and harder to b«2ir, lA the evil thin^ [brtag. 
TKaI slia.ll ulii^rly w^ure nij gixxls, and my house into ruin sliall 
My uLother by tuitots unwelcome all 11 sorely bes^t. $0 

Vea, the »n> of the men the pnnces that here tn our presence aro 

met. [souphi her, 

Nnni of ihcm will brook to go, as though 'twere in hfinour he 
To the house of Icanus her wire, who would take bride-gifit for hie 

And wuuld ^ivr hr^r in whnmso he would, wbosuevei should plcaae 

him be«t ; [real ; 

But day after day they come hauntmg our housei that we find bo 
And ever Ihey slaughter our shrc|], and uur fatliiig goata and our 

kinc, [Pushed wine 

And they l>4nquet, but not on thdr own, and ihey drink the llaine- 
RecKJe*^ ; wide is the waate. for here no hero we have. 
Such a« OdyesetiK wa«, from i\s ruin Ihe house to suivi-. 
But for usj we are all loo weak, and if wc tbould et»ay the iighc, 60 


of ^omrr. 


But a feeble folk wer« we found, all sbill«ss of warrior' π iehc. 
Oh, iliiv-e ihciii an-ny -n'ouJd 1, an 1 hatl liul iho etfuii^th ^r thie* 
For ibe dccii» tbal sn aonc ore uobCiLnbla utiw, futil &hdinc it is 
To sM tiow my iubaraace is ιυ&τι«^ Τ Ye ought lo be shame 'Stricken 

And 10 blush tn the »ight of ihc dwellers around bcboldm^ jou ! 

iiid if yc τι^^Λΐά ituI mt^n. rjf Llitr wialti (if tilt Gutis take ΐτΜ^ιϊ, 
Lettt tbey r«t|Uice on yoiu heads, beiu^ wroth for lh« «vil deed. 
Ijat 1 pTuy you by K«4vea-tbroncd Zcua. and by Thcmie that aye 

dotb tci^a (ftgaio, 

Over toiindK of n^^n. who tloili hriny ihmn 1og('f1ier, and «caEier 

U fnendu. fctbvat I L«t mo pin« aloDt^ ία my bitUrest ^iti ^ 70 

^Unless it sbould h>p thst my father CMy^cuHp the hero'chicf. 

To Ach^isi'Tt wellgrciivcd i^cople ^f inahte bath done any ill. 

For the which ye lake vengeance on m^, and in malice work yoni 

wtlJ [roe 

Setting tbcie itien upon tne : — and yet of a tiuth il were l>ttter Cor 
If 'twere ye ihal devouietl my caitlri and f^tore tUu!i reckltffiljr. 
For if it were ye that conftunied, by ai^d by weie η recompense 

Up and down Ihiuu^U ibQluwn hati we ^one, arid wUh μaΐl^uιr]utc 

word* had we prayed, 
Uemaadinf; our own» until all that is ours were restored us a^ain ; 
Uuf now on mine hcArt are yu casting a load of incumblc pam,^' 
W'TaEhfu! he spake in their ears, Ληιΐ the scepLre he dasJi«d In the 

f^oucd : ho 

Forth buriit the passionate tcara: pity^imittcn were all nrount}. 
Thrte Wiv, iiilrncc Ihrou^houE the place; far no man upon him would 

To defend the wronr: f<iF ^ r^pacc. nor a bitter reply 10 moke, 
Till Antinous* shAinclcu Sacc arose, itnd τη answer he spake; 
'" Telrmaithnii! — bluKterur, reinli-ss in p;iui»n f what thing hati 

IhoLi said [our head. 

Stririnc to put us to shame? thou wouldst fain hcdp reproach on 
[ tcU ihec, thou can>t not blame the Achfati suitors fni this» 
Bnt even Ihy moth«. — ηρΗΐ ciafty and shififiil of «it *hft ts ! 
'or now ΪΓ- the third year upcd» yen, the end of the foitrth i» near, 
bat she cbcaielh and mockctb the hearts of all the Atli;ran& here. 
She b*-adetlj on ;ill m hcpr. arnJ njt-^-sagp on nipssagc hath ft!ni, [90 
rromiuin^c thiK mac and that, ytt ofhyr is her intent. 
Vco. tbJK thinK too vhc dcviacd oE her wiles, our hearty to decdvo^ 
In ber hn^ici did she set up her stately Itroni, sbc bc^aa to 

weave :^ 
Foil wide and Ane of ihread was the wet>;— and to us she eoid : 
* Yootlis, ^(uirors eo me, ^ince verily ffodlikc Odysseus i^ dend> 
Tarry, howr-;*^''^ vje'er for my bridnJ, imlil I hsvr wniURhl 
Λ shroud, — for 1 would not the work of mine hands should come to 



Έ!ΐ' S>tfessti 

BOOK π. 

Λ windicg-sbuot for tho hero LacUes against the day (nw&y. too 
When the baneful «touiti of flie outstTetcher i.leath ef^alt saalch hiro 
Lest Achaia s d^iu^'hiur!: ai me sltoulU in indi^nntion be loudi 
If hon after all hj.i wcihh, ahouM be lying withoal a sliroud.* 
So did she spt^^h, ami li^lilly coiisonted oLir Wd!y will. 
So through the d:iys at ilie great uiU web was she weaving still ; 
But at mght she unravelled U all, wilh the torches bosido W Mt 
Three years by her wiles were wc balilcdi ana qoug ntisuastcd 

yel> [rolled. 

But at last, when the fourth year came, as cmwEird the ««aaone 
Then one of her women, who knew full well, of her stratagoms told, 
And the while she uiiia^elled llit: web wt BuUdcDly tame oa hot 

there ; 
So pcrforco must she bring the work to an end, how toth eo«'er. ito 
But for thee, — even this is the suitors' answer to thcc. and so 
Thou shalt know it well in thine heart, and all the Achfipans shall 

£v«D send thy mother away from the hou^. and bid hor depatt 
To wed the lu^n lh;it het futher comntaDda, 4nd who plcdbCth her 

But and if she shall still go on to breed the Achneans unrest 
With ail the tore that Athena can pour into woman's brea5t> — 
So cunning in l^eautifiil work as sfje is. &o prudes I -sciiled 
WEih crait even more than hath ever been tcld of the women of old 
That eforetime amon^'st the fair tressed daughters of HeLias wcce 

As Tyr6, Alcmiai, Myctnfi withal, the beautiful-crowned,— ι ao 
Proud names, but none of them all with Penelope's wiEdoni wise 
tlowbeil, I ween, not good was this her crafty (fevico ; — 
Still will we eat thy siibint^nce, and still will devour thy store 
Till thy mother shall change her intent, and shall know the co 

seb no more [oeth a 

Wliith the Gods now put in her heart -. — ϊη sooth great fame ivin 
For herself, hui Ijilier r^grt^t for the rich store yune fof tht*e, 
Fcr not to our land^, ntithcr ohewhither hent-e will w* ever depart. 
Ere 5be wed an Achiti^Up wh^it man soc^vcr shuU please her heartt" 
Then unlu him wi-«?"wil(ed Telernar.hiis answered ayuin : [itu 
*• Ληΐϊπϋΐΐϊ, how should I thrust froin the door*, iirdare toconsirala 
The mother that bare roe, that nursed me ? My iaiher ie faraway, 
lie he living or dead ; it were hard the bridal gift» to repay 
To her fd[h0r. if I of myself should I^ke on rne to banish n^y mother» 
Vea, ills should I have at her father's hand^ and [nany rinother 
Would heaven send down, for she, Rola^ forth of the houue» would 

Thts Vengeance- furit* against nie< and on ntine btad would fall 
i'he indignation of men ; — I never will n^y thia word I 
But if by the thing that I speak your hearts unto anger ht slirred* 
Tlieu gcX you forth a( mine balLs and λΙ otiier mou's taUIeti uuTuuse, 






of pomn. 


Dovounn^; your own possessions, and changing fram house to 
h^iu^iC' 140 

βατ a thU thtDg svcnieili to yoii more hcn«st and fair I0 5βϋ, 
On cjDt? man onlv lo livtj, aiiJ tlevour his ^oous scot-fice, 
\Vasi« 00, and I will cry to ihv Gods that cntlufc for aye. 
If £«u!t will yiaiii τ» imiuilai ftif ihe^e yuuf UijciI-s anc^ itay. 
Then, when ye <Iie in thesse Imlb» shall your bloctd on your own 

So ilid Tdcin:ic]jU!t ±ptak» and iaj-^ceiaa Zcu» frotu uti high, 
Froiti a Windy iTiomiiaTTi-j^iik, ^enl forlh two tijiylrr^ lo l^y. 
Onward awhJe tbey sw«pu ihtr bUst of the breei^a atoc^, 
Aad «EJ||:h to each othor they kept as they utraiocd their pmiona 

But when Ihey were rTcbi overhead the voiceful folkmote-iTead. 150 
Round and round in the air they wheeled, and th^ir piaioue they 

«hook* [look : 

And down with a death <1>udijij|,' glaie on the faces of all did thiry 
And the cheeks of each other tl^y tore, and thetr necks, till the 

blood dripped dowTi ; 
Then suddenly darted they o'ef the houses to right and the town. 
Anil ihr folk ίΐΤ the fierce birds wondered, beholding' ihe thing willi 

theif eyes ; [should arise. 

And with fear m their hearts tlicy pond&rci what Lhia^ out of this 

Out spAkc to the rest thereupon an old man. oitc of the accrs, 
Hiditheises, Mastof's son, who wns chiefe^l among his peets 
Id foreshowing of fates unto men, and in knowing the lore of the 

And he to the multitude then spake kiiidly-w.arnin^ words : i6g 

■' Ilbacans, now, if ever give ear to Che words I shall say, 
And unto tho suitors most chiefly of nil do 1 sp&ak thisday^ 
F<» on them is a woe-sutge roLling, and topple» alx>vc them its 

brow ; 
For UdyG£eus not long shall be lost lo his friend», but even now 
He h near, and the seeds of death and of doom for the suitors all 
Is he soA^nj^ : yea, and Lo many beside fJuU mischief befall 
Tn Ilhuca'^ fiiinglow-lacd : — -buT let ιι*ί frjve heed to restrain tbem 
WhiJe yet there Is tune, — nay rather lot them of tbemselves refrain 

Tekiu4' heed in their ways: they shall straightway find It is lar 

belter so ; 
For 1 prophr-»y not ojt of skdiuse bncy : I «poak tticit L know, j 70 
For i My th^t ill hi» weiid \ιλι\ι now been accomplUhed at la^t 
As I foietold» vfihtux over ihu hCAA UQto llitttn passed 
The Ar^ve array, and Udysseii» the crafty went Lip with the host. 
1 Mitd, out of niaoifuld woea, and all his companions lost, 
Unknowu unto all he bhoiiLd lulilu to Lib own iii the twentieth year: 
And brbofd, the .ici^nrnplUhfiiflnt nnw of all fhf^<ifi things \n npar." 
Answered EuiynuchuB, Polyhus' eon, with scolding reply: 

Hit €)tpifflffp 


" OIJ man» pnEliccf s^ Ibct; nuw tu iUhits own ΐιοαιβ ; pTOfthtOfy 
To thy 1>;ib(.'v, 1r?tt hnply lointf miHcliief ΙΐϋΓηΙΙ lliem in ihiye to be• 
And herein am I twttLjr than tho\i lu levealiug ^Ιί^Έι di^cre«^ : I 
' NcAth the boAmi of the aun there arc bLidfi iuM many that fUt 

an J fto« 
And not faCe-lxHlicg a.rc all : — but Odysseiis h^ih perished, 1 bnovr, 
i-'ar hcncu, imd 1 would thou Ιυο hadst boen ended aloog willt bim 

ihcEc ; 
Then wuuld&l thou not ^o ρΓΑΐϊηβ thy prophecies nvuryAhurv, 
Nor wouJdbt thou be hounalnc Teleni&chLis on το wntb yex moro» 
Looking to have soma crill at aisbaDd? for thino houBobold's stor•. 
But maik me, fui this tb^t I &ay unto tbcu aliall Ih; surely lulfiUcd 
If Ihou, in (he wisdom of old and in manifold Inro decp'Sldlled, 
fi&cttEia Οτι him that \s yoon^ert enkindling hU anger ihe mor•, 
Fi»t, his lot ^all be harder, hia troubles more than before, 190 
And nothiDg at all shall his suiviiigu aval) hiiu, for aught that yo 

And on tnao wilf wo Jay ctich a mulct as shall vex thy gpiril to pay ; 

Yea. dolard, and hitter vexation of Kful shall l>c thine that dky. 

And thus will I counsel Tdetnachus here in the iTiidsl of yoti all : 

L<et him even send his mother away to her father's hall, 

And her Icin^foltc shall crdcr the bridal^ and store oi gifts shaU anay, 

Bvcn sikIi a^ bciit when a princess in niarriAgc is given away. 

Hui till then will the sons of Achaia tici tease from this woojiij^ hcxv. 

How h^d soever ye find it. for no maas face do we iearj 

No, not even Tciem;u:hus, wordy enow ihoi^gh he be: 20Q 

Nor yet do vie reck of the prophecies, [^Lcyl rtAid, r^^Mikcn by ibec; 

For thy babbling shall come to naught, but thou vhaJt bc^ hated the 

more. I stofc 

And still shall he weep for his substance devoured, and ace of ha 
Noihio^ ;i|;ait!, while ever she niockelh u-s. piUlb^ away 
Her marriage, and we, cxpectiof; and chafing from day lo day, 
Wrangle for ber that is poede^. and care not for any bc^adt;» 
I'liouifh LJiauy a luaideu there is that might well be a heio'a biide. 

Out >pahe unlu hini Teleniachus wary of wit, .ind rtfplitHl: 
** burymachus, suilori aJI. puQod υρ with inGcluQt pridd. 
No more unto you will I pray, nor for justice to you will I call, no 
Fur now do Ihe Gudi know this, and know the Atli^faua all. 
But come now. give une a galley and twenty men^ that ih^se 
On a tjueet, thedeeire of aiy heart, may spuod me over the «ea». 
I vrill go unto Sparta, and Tylu» the ;iandyi there to entjuifo 
Of the liouie coming ti4ck of uiy father, SO long litite lost to bis 

If perchanco any mortal will t<;ll me. or licavon-saot rumour conto, 
Sucb a^ hpoedcth with lidiuga lo ineu, but η tiackle^ as li>;htuing> 

If 80 of my £a1hot'e life and hie home couiiog fieet 1 may bear, 
Surely, bowc'cr woc-^^iru, \ may «dill bear up £or a >«ω . 


of Corner 

But Ληά if 1 sb«lJ hear of him aa&Ht m the land of the liriog do 

ΤΊί<.-ιι will I (urn mo ngain, guin^f burk ΐυ my falbtfrland shore, 
Arui wiJ hcLflp him λ Mrrow. and uU tlio bohUiOf; death nt«6 pay 
To his abiido ; to a huibiad then wiU I ^\-e (iiy mother away." 
S(j htr. Ii;iviu|j made ou oiid, aut duwa in lib aii^c^ and ^^r jrf : 
And Mentor &ro»e, tb• friend of Odyii^us the priuL-^lj^ ohiel. 
Who, or ovor ho e«ilud oversea, gavo his whole: hcuu« into hia hund, 
ThAt all shouM obey him theic»-uid tlut Mentor ahouldiftULid them 

wiih cftf e : 
So with IdadJy warning did speidc h« oat to the folk of Che land : 
" Hoiiikca to mc now, Illuicaa mm. I will ullcr rny iniud : 
Ncvci letkiiki; 4uy nivtc tw muved of hia licaiC to ου kiud, 330 

GrM-ioiK, and ewjiying n sceptre in Dghieoiiftnres : nay, but mtJicr 
Sc«Tn, and an evil oppressor; for he that was kinti ae a father 
And Kood lo bU folk» as ihoutih they wercaoiLb of his loioi begotton* 
Hath none to r«tnenibor Otly^wiis now, he is citran forgotten- 
Btit in Rooth m the «uiior-crcw mine envy hath ηοπ/ϊβο a part 
For the deeds of violenco they do in tlioir folly &nd blindnosft of 

For th<nr lives afe ihey settJiig ai stalce as they spoil with a proud 

high hand [land.' 

OdysMru» hotia^ saying, 'Tush, he will ηβν«τ come back to liis 
but now with the rest of the folk I wroth, in that nothing we 

do, [Ϊ40 

Neither «Irclchin^ a hoger, nor speaking a wr^rd, to ch&ck ih^s crew 
Of >jitor5, for all Ibai so many yc be. ^od tbcy so few." 

And Leiocriius, son of Evinor, made uns^icr lo him siraigblway : 
*' Mischief maker Τ infatuate \ vthAt hast ihou dared to say^ 
Bidding them put dgvrn us ? 1 ε were thankless lat>our and norc 
If tfaou fight for a (cAsl singtchAndcd with heroes, and tboy many 

For if Ithaca's hero Odysseus himself were to come this day 
On the suitors baslini; hi? pabcc withm, and bimst?lf should e^say. 
In bin Hetcencss of niuth and bi^ ini^hti lo dnve them Lbencit away. 
His wife should not smile, howsoe'er she bad longed for his face, 

when he came, [250 

But tlicrc in his hour of return should be die by a death of shame. 
If ha fijiighL with Ml many us we; ^hf^r^i fally is [bis Ihy reilt^. 
Now scatter, yc people ; let c:tch to Iht- thin^ of himself pi ve heed. 
Halitherses and Mentor tiull help thta stnphn^; iorth oii his wiiy, 
As is inoet and rij^ht, for the iriciuU »f hU fallici of uld were luey. 
Ha, but I irow tun^ lime in tbj^ hb:t<:-»n bnd ^tialE lie sit. 
Anpe for lidm^s ; — Ihi£ journuy, he aa'vt shull acconiptifth il/' 

So the (Xijccd wns hroUen on. as the peopU- thciico by lecl, 
For rven 4a ihe folk had njmt, su taiiicty idui uctl Ihcy houic i 
And the suitors witb laughter and scofT 10 the halls of Ody&seiie 




ΊΙ&ί iDipiiOTp 


But Telenoftchus down lo the «^tnds of ihc sdashare mnted him 

awiiy ; a6o. 

la ιΐΐϋ \ι<ίΛί brmc wasLud he his hands; la AtUcui ihcn utjhcpray 
** Hnar mp, who γλγπ st tn ηητ houuhH in ihy ijndhend yesterday, 
And didst bid me go in i g;i1luy over the misty sea, 
Titiinj^s to seek of the sire so long time lost unto mc. 
Lo, oooe will ht^lp mc at all the Achfans ; nay, rather Lhc;y ihwart, 
And the suitors most of all, in the malice and pride of thcjr heftit." 

bo did he cry in prayer, nnd Atheofi ani^h to him c^me. 
Bui Mentor's shape she bare, and the fiound of her speech was tl 

same ; 
And &hc tiftcd her voice, and to bim the Hght'Wmged words «pake' 

Khc : (370 

'' Tclcmachux. neither a cowaid hereafter nor fool nhiilt thou be, 
If a drop of Ihy fiithn's spirit of niiglii halh be^en isheil into l|it*e, 
Th* «pint of him thai was miiihly in word and in deed to prevail 
Then shall this journey of thinu bo neither in vain nor fail. 
Bui and \i ihou :irt aowisc Pcnclupi'a ^on not OdyMeua' seed, 
I look noT fo *t^e Eh<i desiiti of thine ht<:iiT ben>im: Ihy deetl- 
For faw are the bone in soolh that ar» liktj to the sire» nay rather 
The more p^rl faJi far short, and but few overpass their father. 
]3ul feeing that ntiithcr a to^aid lieicafti^c uoi fool shall ibou be. 
And icpirrg Odysseus' veil tiot (juhe ^lΛth forsaken thee, 
Thor« ίθ hope thai thino handb shall perform it, tlune eyes the Eui^J- 

mcDt see. ai 

Let lie the suitors awbile in the path of iheir rotinsel to go — 
Nay rather, their madness, tor wiedom they know not, nor ju*ti 

they know : 
Foruothiu^ th«y wot oi the dcalh» of the black duoiii nouf^ht 

That aye draweth nearer and nearer, to perifth All in α a^y. 
Thou »hal1 not much lonj^Or pire for the journey• ibmc heiirt'i 

So true a friend am I unto rhee and lliy ^odhke dre. 
That I will provide thee a ghip> nnd myself ^o with thee vHthftt. 
But now go hack lo the throng of the smtors that fcaM in thine h«l 
del ready victual foi thee, and in vessels liestow il then, 
Wice in ihe jars two-handed, and com the marrow of men 3( 

In iioal lAiina deftly sewn, and with speed will I gi^thcr a crew 
Prom the folk, of men that will otTcr th^mbelvcs ; and galleys thcj 
Many iir llb:ic';i f^iidled with <;eU'W;uh, old and new : 
Aftd oui of Ihum all the ROodlLc&t i^hip will I choose for thee, 
And in huute will wo ή^ her, and LiLinch her forth on the bri 

wAyed sea." 
So did Athene *ny, the daoghief of Zeuai. and with speed 
Teleniachim turned lo obey, when he heard the (lodde^'s rede. 
And back to the paUoe he nied, hearl-enawed by the old fierce pain 
And there he hefidd in llieir pride and Iheli riot the tAuilor^Uaini 


oC Dumrr. 


Rippinc: up i^oAts were they and &tn)-ciii^ swioc in ihc court ; 30a 
Aim Anlinous f&wc sirikiKhlwA/ timt) him 10 rnal•^ thviik spori. 
Aixt he laughed, and he &οιζ«1 bU hftod, aod h« fc|»ik«, iu the midst 

&s Ihcy Mood : 
" ToleruAchus, blusteroTi reinless in pa&sion, forticai to brood 
In rhinp hffart ovpf ill wcttd spijken ητ ill dcM do.i\c nny ninre ; 
,ljul piilhoo now, Ant of tho hi and drink of the 5WeQ{ as bofore, 
-And be fnerty, for sure the Achxjins ihy friends shall sitpply iby 


This i^hip of ihine and ihe chosen crew, από so shalt thou epeed 
For n«we of thy fAther awny unto Pytos' sacred shoro." 

Oui to htm wi^C'Wittcd TelemtLchus sadly Άαό sternly replied : 
" Antinmiii» how should I be;u» in the midst of your insolent pnde, 
To ftit ill the revel unmummtingly, and be merrr of cheer ? 
Ji b nothing that yti in the days gone by have wasted here 
Miny goodly pos^esMons αί mine, &nd 1 bul. λ young child thvtx ? 
But now am I come wnto man's psriiie^ and of other men 
Hear counsel, and now in my breast my spirit is waxen greatn 
] will do what 1 may to deal to yon all an evil fate, 
Whether by going io Pylta» ox wurking in Ilh-ic.a here. 
1 will go, — not in vain: but my jouTney ^all speed, of that no 

As a passenger tarinsf, since 1 may not in mine own ship ζο ; 
Foi yc will not hdp me. since ye have connicd it belter w>/' 310 
Ho spakc^ and iodi^anlly tore h\6 hand from the mocker's hand. 
And th^y turned to iho fcoat once more, that riotous suilorbanu• 
Loudly upon hhii they tried with scotT una with taunt ajjd with 

sneer ; 
And thus in their ineotent pride, 'gan one to another to jeor : 
" Surely Telernachus horribly plottotb to murder ua all ! 
To Pylos. iorsoijth; must he go^ from thence his avengers to c^l). 
Or Sparta-wards,— who Inn he >—so griTniy in earnest he *eeme I 
Or It may bo to haste unto Kpliyr^'s lair tut land That he- dreams• 
With a height of mari'slaying poisons joyfully tbence to como 

Dasifa them into Che wine-bow], and deal to ua all our doom I " 330 
ThOD cncd through the lavighter -burst anolhor with sneering ίιρ; 
" And wliu knoweth but he, he too» as ho mJ^s ίη hi» hollow ship. 
Shall be lo^t, like hU father, afar from his friends and his native 

:Th«a should wo have n^orc trotible of him than ever before; 

^ven the task of dividing his substdoce, and giving h|9 hou^e 
To this lad's mother,— or rather, lo him th^t shall he her sponftu." 
From their voices he turned him away, to the high roofed cham- 
ber lo pass 
Of his fflfher, where heaped up lay the gold and rheglilipringbraM, 
And in cheats was there raiment gay : much odorous oil there wa«, 
And within the teJI jars stood of the old sweet gencroua wine ; 340 


Uftf Φ^^ΰΐρ 

Wilb the prapc'e unminglvd blood viorc Ibey fiilecl,~*twns a drink 

diviiie — 
Fix(^) in it row to llie wail, HI) tlit^ tl^iy wlit*r OJyss^iis nl lail 
Should riHLirn to his lioin«, wUb tiU liiu vte^rifotd wo«£ overpast. 
And to puard Ihc stores Ihcrc were foIU in;; -doors heavy-holted faulJ 
And iivoi by uiyUt and djy was llm fiiilifui sEew4idr^Vi Iheii:. 
Who cu&rddu a.nd watched alw&y her tren^tirefi with sleeplet» ciiro. 
Eiiiycleia vfa$ she, iho dauf:ht«r ci Opa, that tmudmaid old, 
So into the chjuiiher he broui^ht )i«r, ^ud stiaitcbiway hh nocd l•*^ told :; 
'■ Mother, corno ISII me with gencirous winei s^yum jms with «p«*ed, 
Thy choice&i nt^vt unto that which ihou g^tuu^est with d^li^^feDt hoed» 
Ever lookin^f For him, for the evil-starred, for the cominj; homo [350. 
Of Odysauu^i the^ocd oi Zens, o^cipt^d fiuiii dL'Lilii aud fiuin duuituj 
Fill for me (wetwe, and rm aJ] of thpm fssTexi Th*T lids weti-pkched ; 
Aod then ehait thou pour me h;<rley-rneal into hides stronf^-stitchod tj 
And Id il be twenty mcRsures of ^ain that the mill Uath yround. 
Ltrt no iMiil Itm^w it Imt thou, and Id ά\\ together t» found. 
For At cv^nfall will 1 take them awav, in the twitight hoar 
When my mother sh^l turn co tier Ttthi, and shall pass up Liito hi 

For το Spana 1 go, and to Pyfos iho aandy» 10 hcEar, If I may, 
Some nowa of my father beloved, £ome word of hte hom«-eomiii^^ 

day/' 360, 

Dut a ^riek from her pale lips brake as his purpose the old nurao 


And with Suhi to her darhn^ spake linrycltja the lifiht-wiD^^cd word 
" Why, why, dear son, hath thioc ticart this purpoK? how came ί1 

10 ihtiti ? 

And whither away o'er the dread wide wo^ld ai^ thou mind^ to tlM«] 
Our dniling, our only one i— He hath perished ufar from his land. 
Odyucns. the Med of Zeus^ or an unknown alien sUadiJ, 
And pvm with thy Roinj; ihy tacn will lie plotting with wirJcftl h/»flrt 
Uy treachery to Elny thee, and all thic «tore atnong;sC Ihem to part. 
An no 1 but tarry thou here with Ihy goods : no need for thee (iT^' 
To rush on destruction, ;&nd wander furlorii mi the hardest less sea." 

Bui then unio her wis««wirri-d Talemachus answering spake : 
" Nay, L>e of good cheer ; with a God's f^ood' help tlus couascl I 

Bol fiwcar that thereof to my njothrr beloved no word thou wilt »ay 
Or twr eleven or twelv* day* end from my (ioing away, 
Or she fall in a ion^nf; for nn:, and hear I am gone and afni. 
Thai »he may tmi wilh tears unav-iiiliog hci ruliant ItJvcEincNt mar." 
Su he spake, and the old tnvne swore by the Goda an oath most 

dread. (were said. 

And ao ioon a* the swearing waa o'er, and the words cf the oatH 
The isweel wine fieiy-eycd Juio ull biuwn jars she iioured, 
And the ^kins right safely &h« lied when the mea) therein «he had 

nor«d : }^c 


of ^onur. 


Bat Imrk tn Ihc h^ll he hmi, witTi Iho Milti^rs Co sit at the board» 

litit Athi^^ xvith BVM gffy -gleaming had yoi aooihcf intent : 
For, JiJic to Tolcniftchufi Kcemuii-, nU>xil the city Rho went ; 
Ami ?Jic flood by mnay Λ11 one, und 10 caoh her bcbesi «ipahc sli« 
Tn RKlhrr at ept nf thr sun to fh** *iwift «hip ilnwn hy the ηώ. 
To Νοΐ^ϋΐοη thi! jflorioLifi «on of f hroni^s t>AS^ecl she, lo ct^\t> 
Λ ιϊλΙΙο/, And ihcti^tipon his «wihcsl he ivilun^ly gnvc. 
Thi'i fadcil ihc sun's Usl rn/s, and shadowi^d were aH ihe ways : 
And tbc liyoh ?:bip down to iho ^wi^ll of the sea drew «h^^, and the 

Rcar (bear. 590 

She >lowc<l, CTxn all ih^t the well-bcnched galleys arc wont to 
At the hnihouT'it υπι^ιηπκΐ lyiund thr moored ίϊ, and down on thft 

Tbc Gtout crew ifaCliercd around, and ihcGoddcM hco/tcncd each. 
Qui the Ofcy eyed One furLhcrii»orc must accoaiplish hct fullest 

intern ; 

And IcAvinfc the twilii^hl «horc (o tho hall of Udyeecns she went. 
Aad »b« pourod down ulumbcr-dcw on the bAnquctmi; suitortrain ; 
Ftoin ihcir handu the ifoblctit flew, and Iwwildercd wa« each drowsed 

Aad thoy stumbled djized through the town on choir cotichos to lay 

th«m down ; 
For the nlocqvdrwfi r-hillcd their joys, and had ijuendied the revel's 

iire. [sire ρ 

And, fttill with the «hapc Λαά the voice of Mentor the friend of hb 
I'Dtlh (lid the Gtcy-eyed call llic son, and thiis did she say, — 400 
FaijiT Rtimmered the stately hall λ% grand in the filoamin^ ϊι lay — 
" Tcieniachus« i-.omo, lor the o^rs afe oiu, and the galWy doth nde 
On the bay, and ihc wcjl^i^ic^vcil sliipmco for naitght but thy com- 

iiXi^ ah id 4^, 

'Let Ds make 00 stay, biit forth and away o'er the rolling tido/' 
Then Pallas Athenu led ihc way» to the shore as she paE&ed 
I^ull nwiflly, and after her fipiril iho «on of Odysseus ^st> 
So these twain came fonhdghl lo the ship and the whispering strand, 
And beheld in the dim halMif^ht the long-haiied shipmcn stand ; 
And Telcmachus* sacred might spake unto his trusty t^and : 
** Hiiivti, my merry men, ship we the viirtual, for nil hutb botui 

brought iro 

Together within mine ball, and my tnothcr theruof Icnoweth naugat> 
Nor yet of the handmaids any, s^ve one that is ware of my lhoiia;b1< 
Then Iratk to the pcilace he strode, and behind him foUuwed the 

men : [f hoa 

And, rctuRiuifi fvdl noon with their load, in the well-benched (^'ulley 
All the piovi.tbn thry storcJ, as the son υί Odysseus said- 
id Teleniachns wi^nf aboaid, — but Fallas Atiiffni"? led. 
i4 lortbhf^ht to the stern she gat, and there the Goddfisa sat ; 
And Tehmachus ,vit by her side, and the hawsers the men let go ϊ 
And swiftly siHjaid they hied them, and sat uii ihe beat-bc^j tuoi 

24 %%t iDlijtftfep of ^ontet, book π. 

And a fresh strong breeze from the west at Athene's command up- 

sprang 420 

Clipping the foam from the crest of the wave o'er the sea as it sang. 
And Telemachus caUed on his men to lay hand to the tackling-gear : 
And they right cheerily then to the words of his mouth gave ear ; 
And they hoisted the Call pine mast, and they set it into its place 
la the centre-block, and fast with the two forestays did they brace. 
And they spread the white sail wide with the thongs of the twisted 

And the sail bellied out with the blast, and the cutwater plunged ; 

on each side [tide ; 

Was the hiss of the foam flying past, and the roar of the sundering 
And the ship flieth on through the dash of the surges running her 

race- [place, 430 

And the ropes of the galley they lash, making everything taut in its 
Then crown great bowls with the wine, drink-offenngs thence they 

Forth Co the deathless divine blessed Gods that abide evermore. 
And most unto Zeus's grey-eyed Daughter the honour they gave. 
So o'er waves star-shimmering, day spring -glimmering, onward they 



^oXa ϊ^ί piituf romnmnrti loitb itir anfuiu iinfs. anD Ijrdit) 
Cdlrs of tijr bar. 

OUT of the :oaily-fliishing sea did iht new aun ^prin#:. [bring 
T» the hurni^litrd heiaven up-nishin^-, ihv ti^hr of hE^^bry lo 
To the deitliE^se Oooi on hi^h, nnd to mortnJa on t\cih core• 

Aoi] to Pylus [lie ^hlp drew nigb, to th« city tjCAuliful'bhowitig. 
Aad ft chuknced ihm ihe folk of the Und even then did a siicnfice 

Dhck bulla to bleed on the 3tran<I tothc Dark-haired Earth- sbaking 

King. [there. 

Great companies ranged there were nine, fivo hiindicd in each sat 
And in franl of oacli long line nine hulls for the offctinj^ Ihero were. 
They had t&fti«d the aacnftce, to the God were thiry burning the 

ihlghg, [ic 

VVfaea thu caLley Γλη in full sail, and her canvas the ship πια η bund 
Did up to the yard-arm broil, aod they moored her, acd btcppcd on 

Came TQlemachofl down by the «de of the ship, — but Athene fed ; 
And th« uoddo&e ttAshin^^-eyed thus hr^t to Telomachua said: 
"Tbou n«edeet not shame, Tdcmachus, more. Deither ahnnktng 

fear ; 
For to this end ovtur the sea hast thou sailed, of thy father to hear, 
Where earth hath hidden his bones, and how he hath como by hi» 

Conn« theo, unio Npstor ths tamer cf war-at£ed« go thon sirafght ; 
1^: us £00 whether knowledge or counsel in that breast hidden may 

And no false tsle shall be his, for exceeding wise is he/' 

Ther wise» wilted Telerrarhne doubtfully answered her there ■ ao 
" Mentor, how shnll ί po, and in whit guise mnlce my prayer ? 
HiA yet aitk I skilled to know how the words of the wise should be 



Tlierc nwdt mudt be abiiiuc urlien Ihc young mnn «pniilt» U> Ihi 
hoAvy head." 
Answered him Palliie. ftlie of the stcd tTroy-gkaiDinK tyc^ : 
*' Telcmachus, sumc riglit thoughts from the spnnB.n oi Ihy hrcA$l| 

And others Ϊ1 GM&bnll put therein, for surely, I tveen, [have been/''' 
OvuiwaKht'd Ly Ihe lirati• of ilit skies Uiy hirth nnd thy nurture. 

Thcu I^Jifiii Atheni: led the way, from the aljoic as she pa^acil 
PiiEl swiftly, antl afier hct ^1y^^] ihc son of Odysseus fast. 
And they cJ^me iinto where the throng of ihe folk and Itie s«ata| 

were found. 30 

There Hal NejatfJi amun» his sons, and (ιίϋ heiicbiiien uouud 
Were roasting rollops of THf?at, And were setting more on the spit. 
And neetnL' the stranf^'ers iLtnnd, arotind them catbered the tbroaf;, 
And, rcucbini; the wolcoimnL^ hftnd, bade ait tno fc^atcrs among. 
And the ^rst Ihat drew nign these two was Peisisiratus, Nestor'a^ 

And ho Cook their handa, and he drevr them to soft llecce seals, and 

Made them Ut αϊ the f*»a5i, while the tide to ihHr feet in silver rolled, 
Jo the place of honour, hceidu his Urother and latliur old. 
And the sacrifice -morsel 3 to each did he gi^x, and the wine he poured 
loto diali^u uf ^oM, and 'gac ru^dt it foith with thc! ^lectin^ word, 
Unto Pallfts .iddressing hl4 speech, Ibc rhtid of the Aegis-lord : [40 
" Pray now, ϋ ^uest. to Poseidon the king, as is meet nnd right, 
For that he is the God upon whose high feast ye Ikave chanced taj 

light : [an end. 

And when Ihou hast poured (he hhatioo, and Liroughi the pfayer to 
Pass thou thereafter the clialico of honey^sivcct wine to thy fnend 
To po\ii : he too, I wt.-t7ii, to the deathless Godb Uulb piay, 
Since nil men «and in need of the high Godil• day hy day. 
But, for hiT of mine n^'o should be> and thou art revorond-old. 
Therefore to ihcc will I fiiisi reach forth the goblet of t^old/' 
Then the chAlire of witic wiih the word to the Goddess's hands 

did he reach : 50 

And Atheni^ rcioired as she heard thai wiM ono'a rightful «pencil, 
Rccaiisc that he first sbottld briog nuLu ht^t the chaticc of gold : 
And KiTuifjht to Posddon the KiTig did «he put τιρ the prayer mani- 
fold : 
'* Hcnriffin, Poseidon, thou Girder of Karth, and do not spare 
To hfinx imli» pmspcroiis ends these things that we ask in prayer. 
Pir«i nntn Nnfttnr and thc^c his «one renown do Ihou give. 
And than may the rest of the people a recomponnc hit receive, 
liven all the E^ylian folk, for their spJendid hccatontb. 
Gmnt that Tirlcmachits alu> and I tuay with joy ao home. 
Having proi^pored in that which bath Wought ut in awift ship over 

the foam/' 60 

So did the Goddess crave, but herself was fnlAlling her prayer ; 


of ^omcr 


And str^ielil lo THcinachoii gave she the dotiMj^^ ch^tUcG fair. 

Then did fit hpt pfiitinn rejw-ni, ihnr «on of a hnrofiire. 

Aod whoD they hftd ro^Bico tho moAi, and had drftwa i\\ hack from 

the fire» 
They dividivl ifi Mch hie sham, and Ih^y nnlily fna^ttcd U\fj^. 

But so soon as tlesire of foo<l Adfl of dnnk had U^n put from thoir 

Gcrenta's hoT^Kcn^an good, old Nestgr, spake In his giiest^ : 
'* Now ifi ii wwmhct, ί wi-i, to a^lc of a «trnngcr wi^ht 
Who he mny be, when tIieie; he b;tth ΐΑί;τοίΙ Che; fc.iul'R ddight. 
Who Arc yc, strADger^, and whence hftve yc sftilud o'er ihc ways of 

ihr «ϊΛ ? TO 

Are ye atich as fare upon UiffiCn or n.tnJcT yf? reclilesuly 
0\xr tlic waves, as tbcy that ^ roving;, α pifalc bond, 
Risking thcii lives, brining l^ne uiiEo others of ^licn Und ? '* 

Sf> Telem;iehvis wise of wii unto hlin m»idti :in*twer χ^ιύΐϊ. 
And boldly he uttered it. for Athenf heartened htm then, lyciarn, 
Thnt nevrs of bU sire he might IcaTn, ibr whom did hi^ hc^rt sore 
And might win fair f-iiiie and 4 glcjno^is n^irne with the uons of πκπ : 
*• Ο Nestor, Neleus' son, the Acha?;kn!i' gJory thou. 
Thou encpiirest whenct: we be come» oud behold, 1 will loll thee now- 
From Ithaca come wc. the iale overshadowed by Ncion** peak , 80 
Mine own, hxuX nnl oi tiiy folk, i^ the muUttr wlierciif I <i;v^ik. 
For tidings I t^onie of my far-£am^ sire, if bear it £ may. 
Even godlike Odyt^seu», the stoadfnet'heArted, of whom men sjiy 
That he fought by ihy side with the Tiujinn, iud laid their city low, 
Γλγ, as tijuchins ^^^ ^^^ ^^^^ '^^' fotiiiht with the Trojan foe. 
We have heard where perished in mournful destruction each of the 

men \ 
Bot th<*inn of Kfon£j5 \\Λί\\ hidden Odysseus' cloom frtJin mir km; 
SeciDff 00 m4Ti i« able to tell ui for cc-rcain what linie he dit.*ci, 
Whether oc Und borne down by Ihe swcqi oi the Lialtle's tide, 
Or whelmed in the btokea surge mid the M:a«pkiu> mc^-jurc]ct8s< 

wide- 90 

Therefore we come to thy kneee» ^nd beseech thee now to declare 
The mournful destruction that h^btod upon him, if wiywhrre 
Ttiuu bast M^rn this thing with thine eyes, or liaal begird the tair nf 

Another [of hi« molhor. 

That hath rouined :--£6r my sire above all men vT\t born unto woe 
Spciik no ATQOOth word out of care for my pain, or of pity no^v. 
Bui fiankty declare unfo mc, htist anywheir seirn hiiti, and how } 
I bCM?ech thee, if ever my iax^^t Udysseus the viUant in fijhl 
By word or by deed kept troih unto theo and co%-enant- plight 
In Tioylaud, wheictc yi: Acha^aiu Icng time SAifTered woe uptm wnc, 
R^riwmlH.T i\ now. I entreat lbe>e, And teil lo mt all ihLiti :kisl kriow." 
And to him uereuEa'& horoernan Nodtor aiiawifred a^^ain : [\oo 
" Friend, tiince thou ha»t called to my mind the cup of the sorrow 

and ]κύιι 

If iPlJiifffffp 

Which Ath:^a*fi miirhtiedt there Co ilie arotis wore oooAtnmicd 

Itothnll wupTuli^rv^d in the sltipg on ihcfaceof the mi^ryeMt [dnini 

Whc:i lett l>^ Achillea hither nnd thUhor for epcil roArn^d ^t, 

And x{\ the iit;lils that wc fou(;ht roiiod PriAin'e towu in the plAJn. 

Till :it U^i lE hutl (X>iiic tu pa&s thai OLir mLt;hUv?it all lay τΐαίη : — 

Th*rtf lieih i\Ja\ tlir warhor wighl, Arhilles is there. 

Tbero IS l'Atrochi9, whose words had weigh! as a God he were ; 

Tborc Ucth nunc own dear ^oq Anltlochus princely and htrcDg, iii 

Miitdiless in swiflnr;«s of Γοοΐ> and ^nod in the hat t1»> throng, 

Ahj many ihe ills beside ihat there unio us befell I 

Who Απιοαίϊ Tii^rial men ttio Eale of them nM could toll ^ 

Thoii^-h thou shoiildst l^rry till live longycArs, yen six. were f1owu>, 

And aik of llie ills Ihat the gtKilike Achnf^an** havrr known» 

Ere 1 had done ihou wouldst homeward have wended» thy patience 

^ gone. 
Pot nine years' space In devising mischief agaiD Μ them wc pa^ed 
By all manner of wiles, and Zeus accomplished u hardly at lasi. 
There never a^^inst Odysseus any man powrr or will 
In counsel to match himself, for he had the pre <:rnincncc Still I30' 
In alt mariner of wilc^, thy fathet^f offspring of hJn thou an 
li very deed ; as I ffaie, amaxemeat haih filled mine heajl ! 
For surely ihy words have the selisiimc rioR, and sitanj^e of q tmtll 
Doth it seem that the sage's speech should be found on the lips of 

the youth. [tharc, 

Novr the^sdhke Odysseus and I, through all the years n-e wor« 
Never in folkmole or council of princes at variance were. 
But ever in spicit cun&enting» in wisdom of coimsel oD^t 
Devised we that all in the Argivc cause for the best should be done* 
But when the highhuill city oi Pnani in ashes lay» 
We sailed in the ships, and a God dispersed the Argivs array. 130 
Ah then did Zeus otdatn a sntrnwful hoinewatd way [wronRht. 

For the Argives, by reason that some of ns outrage and folly had 
For this cause many an one to an evil doom vvas brought [cyce, 
By the wrn^ith of the Mighty fathered, tlic Maid of the laeriic ^rcy 
Who "twixt Atreus' sar^and the resl of ihe host Tn:ije ttrifeto ariiM. 
And the two kin^E unto a folkmote called the Acha;ans all 
Rccklca^lyi not in the otdcr meot, for the evenfail ; 
Fi>f heavy witli wine did the sons of the Arglves as^emblu tliilher: 
And the^ twain wrangled concerning the matter that brought them 

There MeucUu^ npake to the ^ns of Achai^L hie rede 1401 

In no wii^e to tAny, Uil over the btvjud τ^ίΐ nd^jei^ to speed. 
But it pleased A^'amenmon not ; he would hear none oiher advice 
But to keep the peoplci and offer a h«catofnb-»acrihcei 
To the end thai from Itiiiblo wrath Athen£ might 50 relent, — 
Ah fool I— for he knew not this, thiii her pnrpow would not be bent ϊ 
Fi>T the mind of the Godb everlaeting ool lightly doth change or 



ot ^omrr. 


So with hoi wild words &tia bitter they unswated ^ch olh«r like to^, 
And the w«ll gTOA%'cd ho&i of Aclmans with thundor cf ahouting 

Ami DVr-r iHvi^nn and sinic did ihc shadows of fiiglilfoll τΐαςβ. 
So in ulccp halc-hnunied and nursinf^ οί grudges the nighi^houTS 

(Uktsed; 150 

For Zeus WAS brin^jn^ dcMrurCion, our doom w^ls dpproM-ljin^ fctM> 
And Λΐ άΛν/η some drew their gAlle)'S down to the mtghiy sea, 
And our ^cods, and the spoil, and the d^ep-^n women Ib^rcin 

stowed we. [away. 

But h.df of the hoM hunt^ bick from the sea* -ind they w^^nl not 
By kiag Agamemnon, his people's sliephcrd, consliained to stay. 
Bixi the rcfit of us hoatdcd the ^loys, find sailed o'er the face of 

the deep 
Swiflly, n God's powrt Iidliiiy the ic:nt!«ss billows it> stctip. p^nm, 
Aiid to T«n«doficaina w«, :ind thert? to the Gods did our altar-Ares 
Λ* homoward bound; but Zeui nol yet would have us rclum. 
For he cruelly stirred up anion^^t u» ziu evil cotitciitiou a^aia ; 160 
So v»iii» <in the backw:ird Track w^3l !saitiri^ over the mam : 
Wuh UdyK£«iib tho manifold couauuiled abrewd-souled king were 

thc^r |;oDC, 
Tu hliuw kiudiifih^k agaiii unto LoctI Aj^amemuon. Atreus' item. 
I*ut [. Along wiih the crowi of the galleys that followed me stdi, 
Fled, for mme h«aft foreboded thiit Gods weic plottmt; ue& UJ. 
Fled, leading bb^ODir&deSi Tydcua' srjn the warrior wighl. 
And Ute MenelAUS the goldcn^h^iK^I lollowtrd iihvT οτιτ ili^ht; 
And in Leebos he found us, debaiiug ihe ton|{ home-voyuge ttia 

Wbclber Eo htuud utit wc^t af Chio»' ru^^ed Ule. 
Or in tciwards Psyria'i* Ulet, lim snil 10 thp right of it bpAring, T70 
Or und«r Chios to ^λϊΙ, by gutty Mimas fATing. [prayer. 

And wo prayed to the Soa-ie:od to sho^v us λ ία^η, a:id lie hvuid our 
And he bfldu us funpw ihf. midst of ihcMM, to Kubd-n to farr. 
The Konner to ilee from the evil to come, Irom the ruin-Bnarc. 
And ihere sprang up a shrill -blowing breezcj and tho galluye, in 

swifl-i>ornc flighi, 
Sped ovrr iha sea lie^ist^haiinl^l way?i, and ran with ihr night 
Und«r Gei3i;stU5. and there to Poseidon sacrinced we, 
Offenng bulls, in ihanl^^ for crossing the mighty sea. 
And DOW woa the fourth L\ay come, when at Argos Tydcus^ »n, 
HorsL'-rjiielling Dii^nieiU auchornl hiK ({alley», their «ieA^fli^ht done. 
But I bWd on in my course unto X'yloK, nor over the breo^o [ifio 
Died, when once the Gods had sent it ibroud on ihe :icas. 
So came [, and hcmd not vf hiiii. dcai son, uor augEit can 1 IcU 
Whirh of Ihi- re%( of us sraped — who inl[> *|estriiL'lion fcIL 
But what tidiati» i-oo'er, m laintr halls at I wl, may have tome unto 

η\ΰ (tbcc. 

Thou vhuh loaru, λά i^ uicet uud light, uiid I will uui bido it f:ui» 


if ΦίτρίίίΓΓρ 


They say Ihm ihv Mynniilon epeajs or the home^traclt safely sped 
Wbom tli4 gloTiDue son of AchllJes tfao mighty- hearted Μ : 
Home came L'hitrjcicti* withal, old I'oc&fl" gloriou* sot ; [190. 

AuJ [JoiiieiiCLia safe will• Ym IiqsIs uiUcjCit;tu ihtfii fatheilaui) won. 
tio CAmf^ ihey safe ffom the w»r, iui<1 the s^a swal]owe<l up oJ them 

Ddl of Atteufl' iou lliou hast c«itainly heai<i ia ihy far away borne:. 
How hu cHuie, bow Ae^tliufi contrived a^auiet hhn a wretE^hed 

Bui vurily ho for his cTccd did a bitter reetiital recoK^. 
Behold, how f,'ood it is for a man at hu iiyuif; to I^vc 
Λ son : for Otesfps ir was which pnA-c his iniqviiiy's hire [aire. 

ToAegiethus thetrencherouS'Souleil, who had murdetttd hieglonoittf 
And thou, my fnend, who art stately of form aad goodly of 6acci 
Itc vAU^iiit, ,4ni] they that aic yd to bir hmn slull 8piMk (hy piaiMk' 
Th«n υπίο him wist^witttd Teleni.-ichiksaoswcrbg spoke: aoo 
"O Nostoii Neleus'son. hi(ζh glory of Arrive folk, 
Vca surely that son hath avenged him: the sooe of Achaia alkali 

\ίρ»τ (i^liall Iwar. 

Far and wide ihroti^h the earth his tt^nown, which the yei unborn 
ULtt that ths Gods upon mo would bostow so mach of miK^^t 
TJial for oiiirflgc -ind arrogance foul 1 might yon suitors nj^uItCt 
Who with insolent scom nrcdrvisiiiu-ii^ainal me mischief and spi(«r 
Ah ni& I but the Gods with the Ihrcads of tny life never spun such 

For my fathn and me ; and ntiw must I patiently \κ3τ nil thl«." 

Answered him then Gctenia's horseman, Neslor the old : 
" Vvcnd, 5incc thou host put me in mind» and of this thy trouble 

host told, — ail 

They say that hecatiite of thy tiitithcr ttrnjiy η soitor «till 
In thy palace in thy despite i& working his evil witL 
Tell me, ntt thus ovorborcc o£ thy will, or have thy folk 
Be<Mi driven το hate thee l^y swuk dire w^id that απ onicle s\>olsc ? 
Who knoweth btiT he m:iy tHluni anil requite Fheir deulu some day,. 
I^ithcr huiieelf aloiiCn ot with uJl tliL- At:h:ean array } 
But U that AthcnO thu ^rcy oyad would io be a fnend unto ihcc 
As when for the ^\ui ious Udyiueua she eaied so cxceciliuBly 
to Ttoy-land, where tht^ Acha?ans wtie Larass^id with woe upon 

woe, — 
For ne'er had I yet seen Coda their lavour ao openly ahow aao 

Aa when Fal];iii ojtenty Mood by his side upon llitiin's fihore. 
If ithe would thow thue the lov^ that of old lo thy father «he Iwr^, 
These auilora should Mart bom thoir drcarna, and ahould UiUik of 

the marnai;e no more.*' 
Then unto him nniilr iin**vr Trleniinhii* pnnlent in mind ; 
*■ uld dre, not boon, I trow, ah.tll the hope fulfilrneat lind ; 
For a great thinfj and hard hast thou said : auuKomunt my boaom 

dutlj I'dl ; 

HOOK 111- 

of Corner. 

Not for thiK would I hnpc, do, nci though a God ehould ductule It 

hifi wilL" 
But Ath«nf vrilli ι^έ:« i:rcy>fcl^(n3iit; took up the word ^ud AiJd ; 
" Tdrmadsus, what i% Iht? wnrd Ihrfliij^h the fcnrj; nf thy irrlh ihftt 

halfa ded? (s^o 

Willi case shall λ God, if be will, bnn^ n man from δ£ιιι G^i^fi; home, 
βαΐ ior me, mfiay woes would I sufTer content, so «tt Ust I might 

Saic to my day of return, and might win to mine home ognirii 
Kathcr than fif^htly oomc bftck» on mine own hcnrih stone to be 

Ai he by hit wife"* and Acffislhiiit' treachery wretchedly died. 
Unl (roni dtiath, from the Jot thai to nil mua on cArth must needs 

NiH cv-ea the OikIn can xtvti a mnii lliat lht:y We, in the! day 
When the dooni of the oulstretcber death cometh on him and 

«imitchoth awfly/'__ 
Tliou unto ber wisC'^rttted Tciemachus answenng spake : 
" Menlur^ of Ιΐιίκ nu Eiiorc tat lis &|>r*al<, though our S2.d hcarft Acfae^ 
Of a $ufety he shaii rutiiru uevL'Tmom, Liut in very dued 340 

Already his death's Llatk doom hiut? the Dcalldcs» Ones decreed• 
Bui uuw am I faiu lliaL Nt-slya aiiulhti sluiy vruuM leJIi 
I'S^ein^ he ktJowuEh thf< way^ ,inrl ih^ thoa^;ht« of men full well ; 
For Ibr^ generalioDV, they bay, hath hu ruled, und hL« day» thrice 

Whcvefore he seemulh to m^ as a drAltilvss one to behold. 
Ο NmIoc, NeUtti' lOfi, give an answer of truth, I pray : 
HuA' ditid Agamemnon Att^us' aon of tho widc-tiiireuu away } 
MviJclau^^tvliT^rt: wdh Uc iLil'u ? and wLnl wa:» Uic death wlieieliy 
Tbe traitor Itoughi It 10 pasA that » mightier than he r^ho^dd die } 
Was it not in lh« t>iad oi Ar^oe, but wandering oiherwhore 350 
Tliat he found hiin, and gathurcU up courftgo for ooco. and slowr 

hlra thefe ? " 
And Ocnenifl's boriumAn Neslor answered the heio-youlh r 
'* Lo now, my 8od> 1 will loll, ils ihon bidde^l me, uaught save 

truth. [xnxe\ 

As touching what might hftve be^in, the thing thai ihon deemrec k 
For if thsit Aegi^tbuR alive, in the halls of the man that h« slew, 
hy ^Idcn^hairod Mcnclnus, returning fiom Troy, had Ix'cn found. 
Over hi» boDcs men never had helped tWc ^cpnJihrc-nJuuiiJ, 
Hut the dog« find the liinb> had devoured his carrion n1>ove ibe 

CaftEout of thccity: uo Jnuulitcroi Grt^ccelo hi» shade hj^d broiight 
^l<we of lean* ; for λ horrible tlccd wa;i tins Jh^it he wroughl. ^fro 
For we Wf*fc afar, ichifivinK m;iny a Kallniil dt^cd : 
He* dwellintc at ensc in a cornt-r ol Ατ^όϊ: the nurtc of the uteod» 
With GUlicinti- words Mrovc ever tbe t^ueen from her irolb to win> 
In «ootfa, long time die refused tostuup to the shame and the sin. 


ir ^b^Mt^ 

For virtue βπ:ϊ wLsdoni h^d not yei ilfd ClytcniofSTrft'e breast. 
And A bard wns hesiJe her, to whom fttll mmy ά cAroful b^ost 
Gave AtrcidcSi to guiird his witc, ere Troyword he puacd from hie 

IiaII. {and lu lulJ, 

But 3il lar^t, whtn the doom of ihe Hods had ensnared her, to yieM 
Then that minsirel away to ά. desert isle bore he. 
And Ich bim there, a picy and o. spoil unto vultures to be ; >; 

And with joy the consontiog adulleit^;^ home to his palace lie led, 
And with fat of many η victim ihe fires of the altars he fed : 
Many gifts htin^ he up of loomwoik and gold the temples within. 
For the dread deed done, for the prize be never had hoped to win. 
Hut wi^ were »ί1ϊτ)^ together, from Tioy o'ei Ihe sea ά& we came, 
Meodaus and I, our hearts at one, and our purpose Ihe samo. 
But when utito Sunium, Attica's eacred cape, we had won. 
Then rhfebus Apollo fell on the helmsman of Atrcus' son ; 
And he loosed a patirEe&'t shafi fioni Ihe string, and he sl^w the mag 
Even iis he held in hrs hands the helm οΓ ihe ship as she ran, 289. 
Phrgntca, tho &00 of Unitor ; unmatched anjons men was he 
To steer ihe galley, when hurticaiie'blasiii arc wild on the >ca. 
So the kinf; maec needs laiTy ihere, howeoevet he yearned for tho~ 

Uctil he should bury his comrade, and alk the death-rites pay. 
ΙϊϋΙ when DOW MeΏe]au^at last, as he sped u'er the ini-K ni iho deepi 
In his hollow yalleys was con)e to Maleia's headland fitc«p. 
Then iar-seein^ Zeus miidu bittor his wavi with a purpose feJj ; 
Voc be poured doWEi upon htm the blast of the windik and tbo 

hurricane's yetll, 
L;tfthing che wavosand uphuavin^' a measureless inouniain ewelh 
And he ncaUered the ships» and some unto Crcts were constnincd 

lo go, Ϊ90 

Where liw^U (he Cydonian folk, where lardacu»* waters flow- 
And there ts a ^niootli rock, sheer to the water desc^Adbg down, 
In the inidM of the iniaiy se^, ni the verge of Gortyna town. 
There, by the wind frotn the west , is a vast sur^o hurled on the rock 
Ρ hsesm [Howards, hut the barrier bic^keth the caiaract^shocb. 
There were Ihe ships cast : hardly tbe shipmen their souls doliverod 
From death, ha\ the hhips uu the reef by the breakers were dashed 

and shivered. 
But Ihe rush of the stormy winds and the sweep of the wac«rs bor* 
Fjve dark plowed ships th.U were left away unto ^Kypt's shore. [300 
So abLJiidaD(:e of spoil ^nd «if gold by ihe hero was swcjit loi^ccheTi 
As he roanipd with hh galleys to alien peoples, hither and thither, 
The while these horrible deeds by .\cf;isthtxs at home were wrought \ 
For be slow Agamcmnoc, ftnd und^r his yoke were the people 

lir ought. 
Seven yeani in Mycins the city of gold did ihe murderer rotgn ; 
Ltut al last, in the ei^^hth, Qresics the godlike came for his banc, 
Returmng from Athena town ; and he gave his iniquity's biie 


of ^Dmrr. 


To Aogiathu^ the tri^ac boron ^bouleil who murdored hi& ^oriou^slre. 
He si«w him : ihorcafUr a funeral foasi for Iho Ar^vus tvj tiprcud, 
For ihc hfiiefol unniolhcHy molhor And dastiird Acf^Utliu:! dcdxl. 
On the ΐ^ίίκΛπιε d:4y Mi*rrlaiis rciiimod lo his fAf her Und- short, 310 
And of giLtiltred booty a mi^hly hurd^n hig galleys boTG• 
Aod tho^t my friondf rot long froiL ihy diwellinj; afai do cliou toaiiit 
Fofukini; thy s(ib»ldticu And those pioud m&a that ui« luiviiiiiii^ 

thine home, 
,'Lest m their .-Lrrot^nnco all tho thin^ thnt λγο ihine th«y divide, 
And devour them, nmJ ^oshnlt ihoii on Λ IwwtJcss jounicy have hied. 
First seek Mrjtc^laii« : this κ my i:c}Ltn5c1 aih\ this my comiiiADd ; 
For be halh but btcly rcturn^^d unto Greece from a far-away L-ind, 
From Λ country and people from whence one cover would hope to 

win back, [track 

IF once the Iempf^sπιoLJs windK shoLild h;ivc beaten him tint of his 
Oa to 3 great wide £ea whence not in the self-SAme year 33D 

'Even tnrda return: it is mcAsurelc55'V.isl, η thing of fear. 
Bttt novi go thither with galley aud shipmates over the vravc; 
Or^ if thou wouldst journey fjy land, a chariot and stt^tds sholi ihoii 

And with thee shall go my sons, and shall bring thee upon thy way. 
Until SpaiU, whcrdii Menclaus the gdilen-haiicd beaiN sw^y. 
'^hon pray him IhyseU, to the end he riiay U'll all truth unto Ihce ; 
And no fsuse talc shall btj his, for oxceodink' wi^e is he." 

Then the sun went down» and gathered the shades of the eventide ; 
And ipake the Mighty -falheirdr Alheni the ilashin^^ eyed: 
*' Uld sire, right htly spoken are all these sayings of thine. 330 

But cornc now, sever Che tongues of the vtcEims, and muigli: the 

That fco to Poseidon and all the Deathless Ones we may pour. 
And l>etake v•^ unto our rest, for now is it time therefor ; 
For already the light into darkness hath faded, and seemly is it 
Now to return, nor long at t!ie feasi uf the unls to sit." 
So (he Dau(;ht«r of Zeu^ spake ttiere, and they h&arkencd to that 

which she ^iU. 
And the water the henchmen baie, and over their hand» ihcy shed. 
And the boy* with the red wine filled the bowie, till tbe brims were 

α owned r 
And they served, till the i;uosl« had spilled the aacrifiecdropu all 

louud ; [libation. 540 

And they cast the tongue» in th« 1it«, iitvl they rose, and poured the 
So when to thuir hearts' deeire tboy had druulceni to ond tho obla- 
■ lion, 

|PiL&ae ΑΐΙιβηύ then and Tfilentachiis, godlike wlghi, 
tb«i faces a^ln to return to tho «hip for the nighl. 
Ncator with cat^cr words spake out, bis i^uc^te to recall : 
" Now ZeusdJid ihc le^l of Oic Goda fojbtd that thLii should befall, 
Tlwi ye sbonid dopari from minp house to go to the ship to lie down. 


Ci)f Φ6ρ(ϊ«5 

BOOK m. 

Λΐ Ihndiih from a ^ziufnt:itit-lii(:kiiii^ poveitj-slricken down 
Whose dwelling prciviiled of nianiles and ni^^s btil nc^M supply 
Whereon fiim^clf and hin guc^iils for slumber rmRht soltly he. [350 
GootJ Kootb, l>Lit WLEh [lie thcfc he mantles and Itcauiifd rug» «dow, 
Anil tlifi inn »f %m:b as (JiJy.Meiis *luli verity n^vct ga 
To luj hiin down on the deck of 4 salley, so Ιοη^; ai I live, 
Ur αΙΙΰΓ Diy dcjith my ΐοηΐ be kit io tninc bulb to receive 
GuciU, and to λ\\ Ιο my palace tUat come brave wclcomts 10 ifivt»."! 

Then υηϊυ hini replied Afheiif tht- flnshing-ejwd : 
'' V«:l, ihi» tbul Ihou s»>««t ίκ η^Κΐ. old nre, Άχιύ bofilting ii is 
That TcJoruiichuu heurkon Co tbcc, for far more seemly wuro tUis. 
Now then Usi Uiin folluw with ihec?, to the ciiJ tbut lliL•» uight hor^ 

may H* 

WiChiii thine halk, but unto iha cwifl black ff^Uoy will I, l3^' 

To bt-artua my L^jmradus, and Idl Ihcm all tbut it nfwlclli to do, 
St^eiiiL' thai 1 -aih the cmo old iNAn nitiid ill the cicw, 
β(ΐΙ WIS oth«rs 1.^ younger men, that for Juv^h:kv« followed wtih τΐϊ, 
U£ Ihc sclfaAinu n^c us the rnighiy -hearted Tukmacbus. 
Thcro will [ lie this ni^ht, but witli dawti i will up and dcpait* 
Speeding my course to the folk Canconiiiii mif^'hTv of heari- 
Tiiere have I α daM ihat is due unto me, nor of late nor smalL 
Itnt as touchinj^ this my friend whu is come to tliy palAce-bnll, 
Scud hiii^ on wttb thy soni and the uliantjl dnd hor&e» give for hi3- 

Of all ihirte horiies the chiefest in etreoi^th, the swiftest in ^peod." 

So ended the Goddess bcrsay>and Piillas Athene was ^one J70 
Like an oi^prvy d^tning ;iway, and amazemeni scuea isach one; 
And the old man marvelled lo Rce Ihiit portent divine and dr«ad. 
And Tclcmoihus' hand eiasped he, itnd, fjll uf Ihc wonder, hesaid :! 
"O friendt thou ahalt not be λ dotard or weiaklmi' in Ufe's full day, 
If nnw, in Ihi* days of ihy yourh, GoiU tring Ihrr upon thy way. 
For none other of all in the halls of OlyntDuii that dweU i» tliifi 
Shvc the Dauf^htor of Ticm, ^^^ t?'^>^i^u^ I nto-boin, I wi»» 
Who honoured thine hero-tdrc 'miJ ibi; Aii^ivcii, years ago. 

Ο QuiH-n, lie gniaotis» and ([oorily renown upon mr bestow Τ 
For myself and my children and reverend wife I petition now; 3&>; 
And 1 will offer to thee a broad-browed yearling cow 
IlDbroken. whit:l• under the yoke t>a man ever yet hilh led ; 
Soch an one will 1 i.actificp. and the hotn-s shall he ^old -overspread/ 

From the ha^venn ni-ht (iradoosly betit Athetii^ lo hear him pray. 
From the shute thcieaflci ihey wenu >Lnd the ;mcjent led the way ; 
And hift HOTis and Jii^ riiHiii;Lf*e'kin follovp-eil jftL-t Eht' old man ihi^e, 
So when Ihey had entered into the palace stately and fair. 
In ord«r they eat them dowa upon couch and ott catAen »cat. 
And for them dtd the v^ld man crown with the mioglnl wtoe liuncy< 

4weet [3< 

The bowl, and rich was the scent of the f^rapc's blood» Ita ytara oidj 
Oi evcc th^ btcwardciie rent from Lhe jor the lid-vcu's fold. 

90OX UU 



hr_* wine stna ihv wHt>?r, with Trtaayapnyfirheptitirrd 
e mi^jhtj iiuught<a- of ^ΰυϊ ibe Afl(|i£lard. |tcnt. 

And wbciii the Eibuiii^ns done, tbcy bid drunk to ibur bcntf^ cod- 
Away tu Ills humc c^Lch one to hh re^ti tludu^d Uic gtonniinfj wnnt. 
And TeltfELiachufi w«ni thereupon with Nestor, ϋκτντιίιι'ΐ kiiight; 
And he Jed the beloved &m of Udystseus ihv ^dJikc wi^'ht 
Unto α cofh-cD bed 'msAth ite ecliuing puicli thdt aluLxl ; 
And beside Ει the couch nAS *epiviu\ of Ptiki^lratLis, wur^chif^f ^οοά. 
Id the Ιμ1Ι& of hi» fa1h«r who urried, as youths worn er« thoy be 
inarncd. 400 

And N»tlor's fjuaoit the wUUe ihe coucb of thf old king iliarcd. 
Id a chamb^ of ihat pfoud pile, whkti itte haud» of the wUc h^^d 
Row-fingerod from mists of tbo tU^ht apmag Dawn, and the 

^acEovr^ iled ; 
od etrtigbtway the sacred might of Neetor arose from hh h«d. 
d forth of hie ball hath ho paeaod, and be mtteth in ttolmtui italo 
On the polisb^d mouc seat» (λ&ι by the lofty paUce-cata, 
White, with the oil's smooth sheen : enihroned on tfaom ooc» h^id 

Nclcus, — whcec words had weight its the words of a very Cod : 
But he, liveniiastered by falc. bad pa6:^d into Hades' alxxie. — 
B«t Nestor now, of th*:• land of ^rh.Tans tbn wnHi^r «ιτύΐΐς: 410 
And hie scoptro ho hold io his tmcd, and hie sons ^nthoicd rou&d in 

a tbron^, 
As jorth cut of chamber and hall Echephron and Siraliiis itrode, 
Perseua» At^Eus, and tall Thrasybulus like to a god. 
Camu I'eisiHtTatus after the rest, the youogcel, atalwart nnd Uar ; 
And Lb^y bioiii^hl and Lhoy »ated tlicnr ^uat»t llio godlike TeJo 

m:uchu& Ihere. 
Then uiico these spake Nestor, Gerania'e horsomafi good : 
'* IkarkcQ, belo%'ed sons. ΕΐιαΙ the thing may be done tlmt I would, 
hai Atlmn^ the first of the Gods I now may propitlatt*, 
f^ho revealed heiMlf unto me ai the foasi of the txods to late. 
Lot ono of yoLt go to ihc plnini η beifar to choose for our n^d* 430 
That without delay &hc may Lumc, and the neatherd cuay drivo lier 

with speed. 
And let one go down to Ihe shore, and hithcM^-ard brin^ the crew 
f Telemacfiu^ miiibty-hc^ncd» «nd Icjivc with the >;iillcy lul two. 
t anoibu cdll hilhur tbu craiiMuan Lueik^s the woik^-r it^ i^u[d, 
Who with bcaii^n foit thereof the rictim's hnms shall enfold. 
And the rest oi you ail tarry hero, cuid wiihal let the niaidcivs be 

To ply in the palace their toils, and ftiriiy the bam^ucl cheer. 
Be ihe seats proparcd^ Λοά the wood^ and the water «parkling 
So they all iikadc ba^t*% to obc> ^ from the plain was the heifer 
brought : 



tl^r ΦϊΐΡίϊβΓ;' 

9O0K t! 

And forthwith hA^tisi nwny from the swiii keel shapely -wrouifht 
Grcftt^bcftrtcd Tele i^tac hits' band ; Ani the smith itom his force dif 

rIcpAn, [4; 

And he cftiTic tnith«r, 'ueAnng iii hand t)ie braxeii tonls of hts art ; 
With anvil nnd hninmcT canie he, η.ηά the pincers of cunning moi 
Whcicwiib ever ciaflsiniiily lie fashioned the lieuuiifui gold. 
Axid Athene onme flown from ihe skies to accept ihe sacrifice, 
Ard Nestor the jfrand old kni]^ht provided the gold» where^lh 
In A &bcath all flittering bnght the horns wcxc coc;i5ed by Ihe sniitl 
To be for the Goddess a frtir and acceptable oiTeriji^'. 
And Echephroo and Stratius ttiere by the horns did the heifer brii 
And, with lusirn] water in hasin wilhftgurcsof fiowers wrought o'er, 
Ftoiii hi& chambor Ar£uts did hasten, the while hi^ left hand bome 
The sacred K'eic in a niaund ' Thr;i%ymRdcs slood liy in his mi}:bt 
With the keen-cutting :txe in his hand wherewilhthe heifer totuiito: 
With a t)owl did Perseus stand : jtnd the ok] man washed for the 

Ard the sacred barley he shed, ynd hi- <^riecl to Athene tn ptiiyer. 
And he dipped from the victim's head Jind casI on the hre the baj 
And 50 soon as the prayer was done, and the οίΤεήηκ of grain hi 

been innde, 
Nestor's stalwart son Thrasymcdcs drew nigh with the hindu ; 
And he swung it aiott, nnd he strakc : the nock-:dnew asunder ά\ 

fly- [tty 45U 

And the strength of the be;Lst il brake, nnd the women with jtiyfi^. 
Raised sacrificial acclaim, each princess, virgin and dame, ' 

And the old king's reverend spouse, as she stood by the rite dr 
The daughter of Clymcnus" house, the child of ii piinrruy linr. 
And the liea&t from the green earth then they upraii^ed, au it nor« 

lessly i^uivered^ l^everodl 

Aud JVisistratus, i:hieftaiii of men, the throat with a swift ittroke" 
And ihf? dark blood followed the sirukc, ^nd lied from ihe Ixineuthe 


And the carcase thcrcJLftor Ihcy brolce, full orderly plying tbo knif«^^ 
And the bones of the ibiglis they cut out, and, doubly biding it 

ever, [iliey tover. 

Wuh the fat they wr:vpt them nhout, and with piccea of Hoah did 
And the aire laid all on the wood, and he poured brighE wtna on the 

brands 460 

While beside hini the yotinjf men stood with the altar-fork» Ic their 
And after the sacrifice, and the tastinj^ of entrails due, [hands- 

The leut into pieces they slice, and Ibey lun Ihe liju^ ?tpit» through. 
So they rtuiKled ihe meats on the pointed ipils, nnd tht* Toa*t they 

withdrew^ |dao^'htef, 

Uut Tclcniachus passed, in the care of the old kin^;'? youneeat 
Fulytasli the |uin(:ess f;iir- to ihr lavf!f of slt^miiiF: witcrn 
And when she had Lathed him, and bright on bis limbs did the c^l• 

gkuun shinct 


BOOK fit 

fff ^onif c. 



In boAOtiful mnnilc «he di^ht him and tunic woven lino : 
And ΓϋΓΐΗ of ihc Ualh he ItJci hirLii i)i Until like the Gudfi i*> behotJ, 
Λπί! hr sai hy Nestor's wiJp, fiiii p<*opfft*s ^ihi^phml olfU 470 

And whon ihoy bad toasted the meats, and made and οί proparuur 

fill, I tall 

Thoy feasted enthroned on their scats Aod about them henchinen 
Fillod gold<rn ηφκ v^hh the ni&cy&d vvina thai rtvaiy i^hone- 
BuC when at (ho Inf^t the desire i>f cntin^' .ind drinking was done, 
To his goodly sorts At his side GerenUn Nestor cried : 
" ftrslif \fm. lay suns, and yoku tli<i f;kii-iiiRr«:d stcctls. thai tjo 
TpUraxrhut. forth in the car on the w.iy that he wonM may go/' 

Chceriy the yoiitfis uavc heed to the wf>rd thi\t llic old mati «poke. 
And ihey bioii||:hL the horses wiih &|>eed, aiid they puE thcnj uud^E 

the yoke. 14^** 

tn the car (fid the siewArd^^s set the thread for the journey, find wine» 
And such dviiutieii iis princes cat, who be fo&icrcd of Xcuslhc divine- 
And TderiiJichtis mnuntcil upon the lieanlifiil r-h^Moi Ihcn, 
And hestd*^ him NcMors soti Peisisirainn, nhiflfratn of men, 
Moiintcd tho chariot scat, and tho rciii* Ihrouijh his itnj;er£ he drew. 
And he lashed the ctjursci;» neet. inal awa^ and away they i]cw. 
And, ihr «timch of the wide plain rro^mg, ihcy left steep Pylos 

afar. [car. 

So ftll through the day thoy vrcQt lOflsUi^ Ihc jingling yoke of the 
And iht sun weoit down, and all ihe ways were o'ershadowed wilh 

And th^r came in th« «vcmfalt unto Phcrn^, Dioclfe' home, 
\Vho« Utbci Orsdochun hit;b ilcw:om fri>m .Mphcius drew. 490 
Th^rp for the night did Ihey It*, and he gave ihern the giaest-fare 

WhcB Da^vn Croni her mist-veil broke with tosily- flushing hght, 
They put the iitet^dti to the yukc- οί the chnriot cunningly digh^ 
And forf h they dashed lo th<- itoimd of the porrhway echoing round ; 
And they lathed the courser!» I1c«t : nnd with rl^ht good will they 

And thoy came to the plains of wheat : now nigh to the goal they 

So uwiftly the g^ood steed» coming had journeyed through Chose t^vn 

And the Mtn went dows, and the gloaming shadowed the ghmmering 


^oto 1lslemaziu& ^an tibltisci ot ^0 Cet^rr, anO goto tie 
tsuitoxff laiti t1)f tfrtdre Eor !)ί0 liCe. 

So these unto'peDt Laced asm oil's ravineOand came; 
Ami straight to the palace they went of Atreidus of wide-spread 

Now he sat at a wedding -feast, for his son and his daughter withal. 
With many a neighbour guest, in the music resounding hall. 
Rank-rifting Achilles' son was waiting the bride to receive, — 
For in Troy, long years agone, had he promised the maiden to give : 
So now had the Gods fulfilled the thing that the fathers had willed, — 
And the chariots were waiting then the bride with honour to bring 
To the city of Myrmidon men whereof was the bridegroom king. 
But a princess of Sparta he gave to be Megapenthes' bride, lo 

His tail son, born of a slave when '* The son of my sorrow ! " be 

cried- [holdca 

But from Helen the God's decree ail fruit of the w^mb had with- 
Since first she travailed, and bare one daughter exceeding lair, 
Hermionfi, lovely to see as Aphrodite the Golden. \)^^g 

So with neighbours and friends on that high day Menetaus the 
' Neath the stately hall-roof sat with blithe hearts tranqueting. 
And the hall's dim rafters rang to the lyre-notes echoing round ; 
In the midst two tumblers sprang: through athlete-mazes they 

And still as the minstrel sang did the lithe umbs flashing bound. 

Meanwhile, in the porch belated, 'mid shadows darkening down, 
The hero Telemachus waited with Pylos' prince of renown, [ao 

And there came one forth to see, Eteoneus the henchman true 
Of King Menelaus was be, ever tireless his bidding to do. 
Through the halls with the tidings be hied to the shepherd of 

Sparta's folk : 
Swiftly he strode to his side, and the light-winged word he spoke: 
*' Menelaus, fostered of Zeus, by the house-front yonder stay 
Two strangers, and comely to see as the seed of the Gods are they. 


*Jlbt Φΐ)!'00Γ]> of ^dmrr 


Will thou thfti the *nc>eili l>c nnyt-ilictj ami inio iTiy stalls 1>6 leil. 
Or send we ihcm on to anoihj^r lo give th^ru welcome instead ? " 

MoncUus tha i^oJdon-hAirod να^ύϋ Anm/or \^th frovmici; brow : 30 
" Eteuneus th> father's ^ou was never a Γ00Ι ere eiow ; 
Bill ΐΗΪ4 ητ thi^ rmptv hnliblr of τ,ππτΓ yrkiinj^ fhWa hast Ibou saiJ, 
Mftny a ttrne wo twain have broken the «Irargers' breadi 
Afkd DOW brougbt horiie, tcr a rcspiic from evils to come vic pray. 
If Zeus of hiserarf? ^ill ^raiii it^imyokt the horses, I say Τ 
Bring thmi yon Mnuigcrs in to the banqtiet wiihout ά%\Λγ." 
Prom ttic hall tbo bencbnijia darted : hU fvllowe h« caJM, as ho 

And Mil Im thr pnrcbway depnn»], alon^ with himsnif tn hft«t«t> 
Th^n th^y loosed from the yoke with speed the sweating steads of 

the stranger £f 
And into the suib did ihoy lead them and tethered them unio the 

mnngers ; 40 

Acid they CA£i the spelt therein, and they tntxed it with bfLfley white, 
And the chariot set they to lean 'gainst the house-front giitteriit^ 

And into the palace the thralls led th« straD^eis twaii:, and amaxed 
On the l>c^utihil nch-wfi>uh'ht halls oi the heaven -blest king they 

goiied ; 
For with r:iHiancc as of the auo or the mooo thai walketh in light 
MencUu^' riiansion shone over all il« stately height. [veb fair. 

And when they bnd nJadJiincd their aijiht with buholdinu the mar- 
They went to the lavcis bright anU refreshed their bodies there. 
Then forth of thr Isiths ihey ;iiisseJ, and were slttkod with The 

nnp^iicnt rare. 
And tunics about them were casI» and mantles warm to wear. 50 
ThPii eiirh vat duwn un ϊι thfojte by Alicus' kingly »oii. 
And the bnj;ihi spring w.'iter was broughi by a ni^iiijen itnd poured 

(rom a ewer 
Golden. Iieauliful wrought, into laver of silver pure 
To wa^h withal, &ni\ she sprt<ad a table of polisliod shr^r^n 
tiy their side, and served wae the bread by the stewirdees modest 

of mien. 
With all Ihiiiu* dainty lo eat given freely of all her store ; 
Alld to these all manner of meat in nhtiers the carver bore : 
And hashing back the liL'tt stood golden cups cm the hoard. 
And to thcin McneUiia Inc bright -haired 5pal<c the welcoming; word ; 
" Eat of cnii bfead ajid lir welcome, and when ye have lasted our 

ίλη, 6o 

We will oiJc who yo be that your father's imago so worthily bear. 
Yea, sure ye are sons of sceptreil kinj^s the blessed of heaven, 
For never of liaw-'born sires svirb \iwi^ ami fnrm werr gi^eii/' 
Then he took tn bis hands the roost ox-chine, and he gavo it 

tbcm there, 
The pott Llut w^s set for the liost hinttelf, the honour-share : 


if Syti^^^q! 

Ληίΐ Ihey juit forrh their hiind* lo eai «f ihe Ιΐιίπςκ f>n the board] 

thai lay. 
Ant) ?io soon a» lliu longing' for nical iind for driiile was tlooe away, 
Thi?r«uflei Tclifiiiaulivis siuil iiiitt» Ne-slor's iiiii full low^ — 
Anigh lo hirn bending his head, lest ihe othera hia thought might 

know — 
" BeUold. sen of Ncator, who art Lo my soul »ccedii3|f atxc, JO• 
The lightniitgK^^^Tn of the tiniss in the hall^ of the paUcft here, 
And tbe splendour of silver and f^old, of the SLtnber and ivory Τ 
Sure like unto this the dwdlioft of Zoue m Olvmpus mLiat be» 
Fait hcyoiid woid*— amartmcnl i* on inc at all thai I see-'* 

Yei not 5o softly hi? epjik'^ hnt that King MenoUiiii heArd ; 
And 5wift frofL) his lips forth hrftke th« win^-e of the Hying word : 
" Nay, dear my sons, with Zeus no mort&l shall ever compare. 
For htb dwellinj^ limiLunal 1^, hxh possc^&ioii^ uiie^tMhly fnii, 
BiLt of men, I kno^u ool if Rtty ^haU rival my wealth or do ; 
For 'twas nftor mnnifold patrtG, and wiinderin^ to and from- 8o 

Thai with galleys freighted with these in the eighth ycai came 1 

Unto Cypmg, PhccniciAi &nd oo urto Egypi'a folk did 1 roATii, 
To the Acthiops, to SidoD, KremHans far at the ends of (he earth, 
Aad to Libya, the land where the rams full-horned aie brought to 

thi* hinh ; [Ihrtr : 

Vitft, ihricc do the ev/ts in the round of Ihe yent bring InmbH forth 
Shecp-maiicT and shepherd ΐα that good land hnvc eaouj^b aud to 

*i]KiTi^. [tnilli fiWoet> 

Of cheese and of fie^h, and the paila stre brimmed with the ^reeh 
For without aurcea^ie is the white stream drawn Uotn the swollen 

Tlift as Tr amM fsr Innd^ roaming, Abundance of spoil did gnlti, 
Ah me, my broihor at hams b^ iho hand of another \\λ& filatn : 90' 
Ity stealth unawiircs, by his wife's foul treachery murdered was Ite* 
Therefore have 1 uo joy of ;iU ihc possessions ye set. 
Yea, and your fathers, whoever they l>a, shall of rhese thln^ tell* 
For my woes were many : mine house the while into ruin full, 
ticautitul-huill ^nd filled with till things rich and rare. 
Ah thai 1 lad biil λ third of the (reasuir-s ihai onrc were there ί 
And ah that the brave and the true weru alive thai died in the war 
In Tioy-liiDd wide, from Arfios, the nursu of Ihc stccJ, nfnr ! 
Lost, losl !— and my heart aches sorely, and often 1 make my IHOAQ 
In Ihe halls that were brif^ht with them once, where now 1 ασϊ] 

sitting alone^ lOO'^ 

And whilu3 mine heart with weeping a little I cose, and anon 
[ refill, for the dreiiry pleasure of tears full t^uickly ίΐΐ Konc. 
But for noii« of the lovnl nr\a los4 do I no lament anti weep 
Λΐ for bim whovc inoriiory makuth me loathe my food and my fdcop. 
For of all the Achxanft waa oonc that endured 5ueh menaurclcs?! 



of ^emrr. 

Of toils, A'i Ody8SGtis clariifl ami endured : yet merciless fate 
Appointed him yet n^orc wo^s, and a p^in that I canrtot fort{Qt 
Unto ine lor the friend Ιοη^ lost : and v^c Unovr not in any wi^o yet 
WlictlivE !iif Utvit <Λ is tlcftd ; aiiij doul»lli^?^ fut liiui ibvy mourn, 
LMTtes the olrf, and thi> wise Penvlop^ drcarly forJom, j lo 

And Tolovitichue, whom m hiepolico he left a Liabo new horn." 
ThCB the fountAin of grief at the souod of the came of his fdrc 

'gaii wdl, [feH ; 

And ft pa9«ion of te^u^ to tha ground from the tide of Telernnchus 
And hie purple miQtle'e fold to bU ovos wo& ho Eain to k(op, 
Cltitchud in a trembling hold ; and tnc kiii^ beheld htm weep' 
And awhilr did his kind hreirt dmibt whflfhftr yet he should leavi 

him alono 
To remember his sire, till his Kricf from tcais should have gotten 

Or to bid the youth speak out, that the eauae of his woe might he 

known ' 
Ul^ilc wftvored thu^hia intent, ore the word to his h'pa had leapt. 
Chit of the hnKhtHUfti ami w:i'ul of l^rr Ijoa^im Queen Hclirii swifpt, 
Ltk^t Anemis &ίΐ ic beheld, like the Maid of the arrowfi of ^old ; 
And l>ebind her Adiestc came with η ben u I if liI fashioned (.ΐΐΑΐί, 
And Aikipp^ with broidery fraoiCi with the soft gay wools btretdied 

And a t^Asket did Phvlu brin^^ of siWer, the gift of the hand 
OF Alkandrc, the wifii of the Kmg of Theirs in B^^ypt'iAn land* 
Ir whose !«tdlc3y palace are stotuJ kiu^' treasures :nany and brave* 
To Atreidt^Sf Egypt s lord iwo lavers of silver gave. 
Two tripods of brazen ^hocn, and la^lents of red ^ζθ\ά ten ; 
And to Helen moreover his queen ^aic lieautifLil presents then ', 
A ^nlden disialT slim, and a batikrr on wheels that; 130 

Stlvier it was, and the rim was a wreath of twisted gotd. 
This brought Phyli^» her mnid, ai the nre-spun yarn brinifuDf 
And across it the s^niidle was laid willi its buidcn of violet wooL 
And Helen «at down on the seat with a footstool under her feet. 
And s[^nt:e to the king with η voice whose t\r\^ was rn^jsic sweet : 
" Mcoclaua fosntered of Zeus, do wc know what men tlie»; be 
Thnt have come this dny tn our palace, aniJ sit at the banquet with 

Bq it nghr, be it wrong, I mxist say it, needs n^ust 1, in any w'l&G : — 
Never till now any womnn or mari have I seen with mine eyes 
So WiJiidroLis like— a^ 1 louk, ί am filled wilh a ^^iran^-e Mirprise — 
To TeJettiachus, son of udyaseut, the babe that new-bom lay (140 
In the hero's hall.s, when he left them on that ill-fated day 
When, alt for sKainclc^^s me, the Achfeaiia hicU theiii afar 
Over ihr sea nnio Troy» atbirst for the mighTy war." 

Ac&wctinK spaUc unto her Meuelaus the goldon -tressed : 
" Yea- lady, and now I discern this same which thou bast eueised. 
For here aii- Odysicna' feet, and Odysseus hands are heie. 

tttr ΦύρΜΐ^ 


And Ihc ghncA of bis «yce» ana his hoAd luid hU clqAtcncf; locks 

Ληι! Ιί wrtft hul nnw llut I ralW OiIy*i**iw to miuJ, AnJ 1 ii^ke 
Of tbe maoifolii Iroublas and Eo^l& εΗλΙ ho underwunt for my soke ; 
And \i>, the littct Icfirs from imdcr his cyclide rolled. (130 

Λαϋ bif lifted Λπτί (rfG^srtl li> iiis «yes tl]o puipk- in;iiille'ii Eald." 
And Peisisiralii8 Nestor's i»-in iinin ihf-m full ea^orly spoke : 
*' Zoos-fostcTcd Atrciia^ seed M^ncJaus, chiofiflin of folk* 
The Iru^bom son of the hero he i^ as thou hA^t procUimcd. 
Bui wise Λτκ] prxidenr is he-, and His «pint wJtliin him was &hftf»ed 
To be ftill of word*!, who but nowly haih come lo thy nresence Ihus, 
The while thou spiikcst, and swoct us α God*s was toy vc^ce unto 


It WAS Nf^oTf Ger^nia'.^i horseman, ihat gnve eommfa^ion fo me 
Hilher to bring him ; for greatly he Innged thy face 10 see, 160 

To ihe end he may have some counsel For word or deod froru th<». 
For the son of « sire kiuu-ltisl halEi m^ny a gfief» when ^tlone 
He doih &titno in hh h!ill«, tind ^eth de^nd^r^ around him none. 
As now TelemachuL•* father Ϊ!^ ];oiie, and he hath ro hiead jfoDd." 
AnioD^ al[ ihc people Eo guArd hicn froni bAnc, and his cause to de- 

Unto him did goldcii-hflired MenrUiis in answer say: 
■' Lo nrjw, and the son of a dear, dear fnend h come this day 
To ιηίπυ ht>a^ ! -the friend that for mc full mntiy α labour bore. 
Yea, and I ^r\id th;vt if ever he came I wi>u]d ^velcome him more 
Than tht γλκΙ of the Gnvks, if the ^pillcys shouitl l>[-ar iia ovst th# 

foam, ... *7^ 

Dy gr^cc of Olympinn ^us fAr-£ceing, unto our hi>aie> 
I had given him a city in Ai(^os, had bmli hicn a paUr.e-h^ll : [all, 
] hnd brought htm h:om Ithaca's shore with hifi aon and his poopl« 
And his goods, and hod given him one of the cities round abouli 
Whereof I am king: — for the dwellers therein, 1 had dnvcn thcni 

oiit. [for ev*r 

And there had we lived, and full oft had for^bertd, and nothing 
Should have come belweet» us to mar our delight» or our lofe to 


Till under the abroud nf death's d:irk cloud our heart» ibutJd shiver. 
Dreams — tlreams! — for α God of otir bliss did» 1 ween^ with jealousy 

And ttibhrd him imly. the evil-siafied, of bU day uf iclurn-" i8a 

Then at his wu«fu! word were (he fountains of j^rief up&tirred ; 
For tears to the swt'Ct eyca Ic^ipi of Hcloo of birth divine» 
And with prince Tclemathus wept MuQclaus of Aliens' line, f^ticf, 
And the eyL -^ί of Ne^tor'ji Hoa were bediuimed with the i:iinfa1l of 
For he thought of a dear lost one. Aulilochus, ujillant chief, — 
By the son of the Day dawn bright wi^a he sUic in his pride of 
ittrenglh• — [at length ; 

And remembering him and his might h» refraftipd him, and spake 

" Atre;dos, thou o\^r v:asE nani^d with tha wiAost oJ all tnaaklad 

if Donifr 


Dy Ncftlor the old. what iimc socvei wc cnilcd Ihcc to mind 

tho«: 190 

And noWj if it may he, hcixriccn to me, for it socmcth lo mc 
Thai pIco^Lirt is none io rtiini^le oirr diink WLlh τνΐχίμίιΐ); . the niorii 
ShflU ?cTve for inorrow and A^ail : — yrl ^iirnly I think noi srorn 
To lAtncDt for tho^c Ihnt hAve died and have passod throuf^^h the 

ahadow-Jaiid portals ; 
Υγλ, this is ihe one piKir honour rcrn^iininj^ ti vKrctrhwl mortals, 
Even dhfating of hair, and the tears ihai idown Ihc w^u chaeks 

I too might weep for a brother, he was not the meanest one 
Of the ΛΓ^'ντί hnst, — hut thou far lietter ihan 1 ciinsi *wy. 
For «ever 1 met him nor saw liim, thft hest of the Argivo arr.\y, 
Antilochus, awift of fkKjt and a warrior wight in ihc fray." too 

In answer lo him Ml-uU^us tijc golden-haired hcgao ; 
'• Dtar friend, all this h^ith been said as a right weJl v/iitod man 
VVou]<l apeak and do, and as one that \& wiae with the wisdom of 

Yea, sijrh a nun 1^ ihy f;ithef, and thy words Iherpfnrn nrft s^^e. 

Ei%y to know h the toed of a man for whom hath Iv-^n itpun 

At Hrth and at hndaJ a hnppy iot l>y Kronos' son, 

Λϊ Tiow he hath given to NcMor wilnm his pnlace-lial] 

Λ life that luih sofily piiced to a calm swcei evcnfaU, 

With sous wise wit ted around him, stalwart t^pearmen and tajl. |3io 

Hoi» friendfl, from the weeping we mndecrcwhilc let us aowrcfram : 

On our hjudji let ihtr.m pour Ihi; water. and turn we to κιιρρϋΓ a^ain ; 

.\nd let Li£ tie merry Co-night, and our car^ ^hall return with iho 

morrow ; 
then shall Ody^^iteu»' son and I commune of our sorrow.'* 
''Sa, bringing the walei with liastc, nn llieir hands Asphation 

poured, — 
Monclatis' ht^nchman true» cvor tirelass his bidding to do, — 
And They stfci<:hcd fiiilh their hands II} to^Lc of the meats that lay 

on the board. 
And Helen of birth divine took thought in Ihe selfsame hour, 
And she mingled along ivilh the wine a druE of mar\ulli>iis power : 
f-HTes. sorraw. and wmih hy the diaughl shall all be swept from liie 

soal, [the bowl, aao 

If a man of Ihc cup shall have qiiahcd when this hath been caU in 
No tear fr?r ihe tcftt uf Lht: day wtnild adown fin ht» che4:k?> Iw nlicd. 
No, Cut if before him lay Ini titbcr and nioiher dead, 
Not «von if fall in hi* visw hii brother or darlinff son [iherDOu• 

With the pitileu sword thoy «lew» and he; looked with nis cyos 
Such drug?! of miKht, I ween» milo Helen Ihc fair were known. 
Given unto her by a queen, I'olydamna the wife of Thur» 
Of the land of ΗκΤΡΕ< whero from the comgivinf,' earth drtiye 

spring i 


Hit sDipMf? 


Grciit stoft of ihc t!OiM) t]nih it bear. htmI many ar evil ihittg : 
Ami in ieoctirrufi πιππΐτι^^ i% fsch of her folk alwve -ilJ on «<4r|h. 
For ΐφ CO ΓίΤϊΐο» ihc IcccK do Xhcy trace Ihoir jflortrjus birth, a5<l• 
So wWi Hdcii lii« quuca IiaU i^urrcu iho» !□, wid Liml Uddeii ihcm 

And dfm1<, «ho tiy>U up the word. And unto tlio reel sh« «palce ; 

" Zcue-foMcrcd Atrcua^ ton Mcoclaue» and /e oLtr fiicnda, 
Sui*^ of mm of κ^nown^ — sct^'mi* 7,v\.\s iinio moTtalii SfOtJ* 
Good things Άτα\ f-vil Alikc^ for Thnt all iLeihiirittur Tiir power,— 
Eat of our chocr λ«^ yc «it in tiur halU for oitc liltio hour. 
[Se iiien^ it) lAlk, and α tnl^ ih^t Accordcth ihcmio will 1 IqII. 
Vain were i! if 1 shniild egsay ihr Htiry af ;»ll Ihat iiefoll, 
The deeds of prowess slronf>'^e.irtod Ody^geus v/sks niighty to do. 
But btrarkcn (o ihh thai. Ihc hero daicd, yea, carried it throui^li. 
In ihr Tfoy-folN's land, whtjc Acher^nns were siifTemig woe upon 

WOP : 
For ho wealed his body himsfilf with mftay η «hameivii blow. 
And ία ^isc of α thrall vile rugs did he over his bodv throw ί 
Λπίΐ βπ tlid he enter in In the hroiwi-WAyfil Inwn of Inn fn^. 
And, chani^nj; his oulwan.! ^emlilnncci, like το u ho^cnr did Αββπΐ)-^ 
] wis, midst the galleys Achictin not so was he held tn cei<>em1 
So hcvftiiie to the town of ihc Troy-folk ; they saw and saw not, for 

ihcir eyes [gufee. 

Wore holder therefrom ; but I pierced Ihc vgi! of hifl cunning- die- 
And I (islicd him thereof» but he bal^lcd mc ev€r with subtlety wise. 
So I brmiiihE him imio ihe hath, and with oil I ^niiolnted him o'er. 
And rUd him in raiment : ihereafrcr nn oath of nni^ht 1 swure, (350 
Thai Odys8Ci;s' coming lo Troy in no wise would 1 bcltdy 
TUl b^Lk to ih^ swifl blacl• ships and ib^- tciitb he t^ad wuu liU w^y. 
Andihe hero ri?veal&t ίο me all ihr πύηά of the Arijives then. 
And he wtfol, Imt he slew with the long k««n blade many Trojan in^n 
£rc with war-knowled^c laden abnc:k to the cantp he hied him ii^ain. 
And ί* wail of ihc Tiojan women amsc for thfir dcAd, hni full fair 
Was ihe heart in me, for already my *pirit homeward yearned ; 
And with Eighs from the folly by Aphrodite inspired ί luniod, [ϊ6θ 
The madness [hat diave mc from fatherland Jorlb iu Λα ^νϊΙ hour. 
Thar made me forsake my diui^jhipr, nu^ke my bridal bower, 
And ft huuband matcblesfi in mind, and in foiEn fair niAntioode 

An^weHn^ ipake unto her Menelaus the bfigbt^halred King : 
" Yea, lady, fitly and well hasr Ihoti spoken everything. 
For many men's thoughts have 1 leftmt ero now, and tho mind 

have known 
Of heroes, and wide over earth my juumeyirrg feel have gone, 
Rut never f^uch marvellous deed^ have 1 looked upon with mtee 

A> the coul of Odysseus fjishioned. the stead fast -hearted, the wbe, 
A% the thing thai the slalwart hero was mighty to dr> and t5 darv 

nooK IV. 

of l>omft. 


Id the uw'hewD hoivc, wbcii Λτ:Η:(ϊ;ι'π mit'I^lic^t ^^^^ sut ihrrc 2-70 
Wilh fftftft lor the Truj;in!t in ]ι:ιητ], cvc^ii cluurn and uie aeikih~ucs~ 
ρα:ι ; [God^s power 

And thou drowc»! Digh, — but wast sarol/ broufcht thither by some 
Who devised im iht• Tiujutis tilery- ^^^ ""t ihe Uleftatight It^mt, — 
And ittxlUke Dc^iplioTnis folluw^d with ihvti a.t Eho;i cnmcsl then. 
And thrice didM Ihou pftcu roucd» fcciinf; the cftvcmous amliusb- 
den; [thou Lall, 

Ami there tiy Iheir names on ihe chit*fft oi ihe Π^πίυιπ folic didst 
Making thy voice as Ihu voice of th« wives of the Argives all, 
The while that Tydeu*' soo m:id Ody^teu? the i^odlike iind 1, 
There as wt» s;il tii Ihe tiiiilul of tjur fdiuwH» licrml thy cry ; 
And ihv henxx^ of u* two leapt, and scarcely could we refraic 280 
liithor from poirg forth, or from caLliuf;; in answer xLcain. [fain. 

Uui Odyx^euϊ held us in check, aud hr stayed us though ncveir so 
Thi^rr of ihe re^t of the loaa of Achaia wa^ none thai sftrred, 
h^xv ADtiklutt. tie was ftet upon aoeweriti^ the voice that he heard ; 
liut Odysseus saved us all, for he prcBflod strong hands 00 his lip. 
Nor till ΓαΙΙα» drew ihcc eway did he slackoti bis mi^hiy f^iip.'* 

Tlmn unio hlrn wiye-wilf ed Telomachui ansivering sj^oke : 
^'Zeut: fostered Atrouu^ ϊοη, M^u^jlaugchieftaio o[ iolkt 
The harder hh lot !— all thia could not hJa destruction avert. 
No, iiol though cu his Intrust he liuic άιι iron htait ! 190 

But now let ui tufn to our t*.'si. una so ihaW ue sink this ni^ht 
Into the arms of sleep, lulled softly in dreamy deliirhl.'* 

Then Helton the Ari^ivo tuiid l3ie word lo the; hiiitdiiijiids, to go 
And *et in the jit^nrh a lied, and nif;^ on Ihe tanit lo throw 
Dyed of the crimson red, and cnrpete IhcriMJver to strow. 
And aligxc warm mflntlcs tu lay. io co%cr himself withal; 
And bcariii^j π limb weui they ίπϊηι her pieseiice aui cjf the hall. 
And forth, wlrcn Ihe couch iftspre;u:l, ihe hencbiuan the guests hath 

Si> thrru in the porch avkay were thoir heart» into rcsl-land gone, 
As thf liero 'rHeinatbLis Ijiy l»y Nei^lor'K ^oijdly son. ^00 

In a cbamlH-T of ihat proud pile AtreJdes the king by tlcppinR, 
And beside him slumltered the while <^uc;eii Helen of robe far- 
sn'etpin^- [frnm afar. 

The (jTcy m1&!ti llufthed into red, una the KoKe'iiugered smiled 
And h^htly upsprang iroin hjii Ix^d Mentiiius the mighty m wni ; 
And he cUd nitn, and flung aruund his alumldcr hii falchion keen. 
And his iH-auEiful suTidaU he Ujimd f±isl ufitler htv feel'^ while sheen. 
Then forth of his chamber he hied : as a God st-enied he to behold : 
And he sal l>y Telemachua* side, «ind the thought of tua hecirt he 

loUI : 
** Hero, wh;it is tlii_' Ti«ed llial hutU hitlii-r fiorn far drawn thee 
To Sptirta the halJowed. over Iho nd^ee broad of the tea ? 310 

Doth it touch thy folk or thyself ? priLlioe anewer sooth unto me/' 

Tbeti unlu hiui witie-willtd TeleuiaLhu» answering mimkc , 


Hbf SDi^si^^ 


"Zcua-fostertd Auciia' son, Mendaus chieftain of Mk, 

I have conie, if peichaDcc thou couldst icU any ward iif my sire's 

hmiie-tr»ck ; [lo wiack ; 

For niiac hQiusc ίΐ dcvoitrcdt And my f^oodly lands, ihcy are coac 
ΛιιΟ inj |AiU(i; ia tliroo^^cd willi focN dud Cliuv to rik/ ^cιtιυw still 
My stieep and my iraii-foot wneath -homed fnne for their feasilAg 

My mother's suitors, whom iavoluc* «11 ttiim«uund doth filL 
Therefore I loiue lo ihy koese, uad beee«ch th«« now to declare 
The mournftit dt'&iriiriirm that came uprm him, if anywhere 320 
Thou hast iiccii Ιΐιΐΰ thine with thine cycii, or hast heard the laic of 

ίΐιιοΟΐι?ΐ [mottioi. 

That harh fonmrd, — for he above aJl tt\en ivas bom tinio wo« of hfs 
Speak ho fii^ooth words otit of care for my pain, or of pity now, 
Ijul frankly Jcclare ;inio mc, hast finyivhcrc seen hiiti, and how ? 
I beseech ihr^r» if ever ruy f^lhci Ody-^stMis. ibc valiaDl in frghl, 
In word or in deed kept iroih unto thee Jind<plighl 
III Troy-lnnd, wherein y& Achsacts long time sufT'orod woo upo^a 

Itemcmlier 11 now, I entreat thee, and tell lome all thou do^t know," 

Attd with deep indignation sctrred Menclaus made reply : 
" Ο shaniL^ ! and these be Che men that are fain in the couch lo Ιϊυ 
Of a hero uu^hty-hciricd, and they siich a dastard throng I [3J0 
It is even as when a hind tn the lair fjf λ Hun strong 
Layelh her new-dropt fawn&, her tender sue khngs, asletp, 
Acd she Itackcth llic decp-gra^scddellsand the spars of (he ιΐΊοιτα- 

CroppiiiL' llie pasture, the while thai lion returns to bis lair. 
And dralclh the weakling invaders a f;ha^tLy desiruction there. 
Su uutu tlieiLi Fthall Od>^b(;us ^ i^hasLiy destruction bear. 
Ο 7,e\n Allfather, ΛΠι«πί, Apollo Τ that this might Utfall, 
Thai Euch na ha was when erewhile tiy Leshos' wclI-tiUilt nail 
lie slovd up \%llh rhibfiiclcidts in dcsperalc wrestling strait), 340 
And mightily raM htm ilii^n» and ^11 the Acha:;tii^ were fain,- — 
Ah, in fiuch wise if Oclytseitii amid?&l of ihe suitors were seen, 
Swift would the doom ol them all 1%, bitter the bridal, 1 ween ! 
Aod as touching the tbin^ for the which thai) piayest and bidd'M me 

ilei-laie. [prayer. 

Deceive thee I will not, nor Kpeech of ev;idon shall answer thy 
llul even the Ihingi; thai the groy Sea -ancient spake unto mc. 
No wokI of thcit> all will ] ccjvci. not hide theiu away from thee. 

By Egypt the Cioas τΐϊΙΙ kupt me, yciimini• lo win lo mine home, 
BccauM not yet had 1 DlTrrcd the cosily hecatomb ; [330 

For the uod» will ever that tucu rcLitenibcr the thin;< they command. 
Now a rertain i!«land there \^, n wuvceii^jidted %Ie;uu1,— 
On this iiidc H^ypt ϊΐ licth, and ΡΜ;ιιοϊ its name, lueo say — 
Krom the mainland au far m a hollow ^alFey mi^ht ruAka in a day, 
If the shrill sea'Wind piped ever bahind ovof all the way. 



Aod there is a hitven i^ood, w)icic ih<;y lun «iliips high on llic sJiorc, 

Vel only lo draw iht-m wrnt ;M)ci lamich on di* sua imtu luore. 

Ttierck twenty hfrivJJy tlingging clajt ilicj Che Gods koep iMOt 

Λπ(ϊ never Ire wimls «i>rAiij|; \t\t ibhX tireathn en tbc iocc o( the dcA. 

Λα(ΐ uvL-f Ihc lor^k^ scA'fullers «poed ilie ^lxa] ship on. 

Aod now hud the viciiul be«Q e]Wfii ami the stren^h of niy sh\p* 

m.^ktes tjono^ I to save, 

Ilad fi Goddess not looked with compassion upon me, and stooped 
The d^ti^^hter of ProLcLii^ (he mighty Sea'andcat. Ιοΐά of ihc Wave, 
Even Eidothea^ for whh niih for my plight deep-stirred was her 

hearE. [c^PB^p — 

And ^c cAiiic αροη mc as I dr&inly strayed from my «nipniatea 
For ihcy wanderrd fishing around ihc d«eit stritid evefmnrr, 
With bent hooks searching tlie waves, and the hunger upon them 

was sore, — [shof e ■ 

And Auigh me ahe drew, and she spaJtc to o:c there on the lonely 
' Art ihoti so utterly mad, Ο «trangtr, or «tajck of thy wit, 
Ur art thou reckless, and happy in suflcrmg dost thou »t, \^jo 

That all this time m the t^ Icidu art pri^ncd, and can^t not deliver 
Thy hfe from the tinaie. and fainLci the auul ιΛ thy mates giowctli 

So did &he speak» and aniiwer 1 madt^ full heavdy : 
' What Godde»9 wcvcr ihou ;iit, I will u-\\ my iroublo to tliee. 
Nowise of my will uin I ^lisuned, liut liduly oUVnt^c hulh Lh-cii ^ivcui 
By mo unto one of thd Deathl«se that aweU In the t^roadarched 

Butt seeing the God» kiiow all» I piay thee. Goddess, lo say [stay, 
Of which of the God^ nm t feilerod and h^re am cx^nstrained lo 
And may not pastt over the hi.Ii irau^Lit eea on mioe homeward 

Su did I speak• and Miuiyhlwuy dii&weied Uie Goddess divine ; 
*StTan^f*r, this will ] toll thee, and tnie shall ihi^ word be of mine. 
The bouth£a:it K^vy Sca-ancicul hiChL-rward u&i^th to come: jjSo 
Known uiiiu him ^[l^ all the dcptljs of the IiuHa of fuani. 
Deaihless KjiyjJiian Piolwtis, Powidon ihe l^arili'ShAker's thrall, — 
And Indeed ih«y say hG begat me, and hmi my falher Ihey chlL 
Now Λ (hou cotildst lie in «mbush, and onco my hold upon him, 
iiv bhuuld letl iIjim: Lb> wity> and the mcaaaiea of dll that sca-treicK 

dim, [KWim, — 

And ibe liomn -path over the aea whcrro the folk of the hth^world 
Yea, tcl! Ihoc, ihou fostered of Zeus, wluisocver ihy spirit would, 
Even whalsi:N;'cr hrtlh \iv-c.n wfLiiLi^hl in ihy h^llTi of evil nnd Kood 
While thou ail ^Ϊλϊ nn .τ measiiru'lpsu track o'er the ΐΓηιιΙϊΙοηΐ flotxJ." 
So<hd th« Ooddci^^ ^peak, and ;inswcr to her I made : [39^ 

■ Itethiiik thue ihyi»elf how the snare for the Ancient divine ^hall be 

Leal he i;cc mc, or know it before, and lif{hlly escape our hand^, 
Eor hard wcic the task lo quell a God with a mortai':^ haud^.' 



So 'lUJ I speak, aiul emiglitway aiiEworod the GuiIrlesH ιΐίνίπΰ : 
* Sliaii^^r» ihla «rill I c«l} tbee, and ini« sbiill tliis word bv of mine, 
What tunc the sun shall liavc climbed to the midnoon hcif;ht oJ tho] 

Then the srwihfasl grey Sea-ani: icni cut of the hrine dolh Adu 
With tlici west WLTiu's bre.'^th fiom under a shiver of darklin|- wavoe/ 
Pa^sLu^ foith oi the »ca to Uy him down ϊη die vaulted cuv». 400^ 
Arul afuund hmi the seal-herd, ihL- hroix] thai fair Halosydnji borSpi 
Sleep in a throngs having risen out of the sea^surf hoar. 
With their bodies ari^ek with iha evu trnell ^i Eho f^nliomluss sea. 
Aud' so KKin as the dayspring is riaerii thither will 1 lead tlicr. 
There will 1 couch ynu in order, — now choose rhoii out of the r«rt 
Thrve of thy men that thou know'st in the woll-b?nched shipw lor 

thy best. 
And all the gutle of ihv Ancient will I unlo thee uncover ; 
First will he nnmber ihe scnls, and [he tale of Ihrm all co CVer. 
And so '^Qoti ^s his hngors hnve reckoned thtni up, and he knowetfa^ 

the nunihcr, [sluiubei. 410 

In ihe midst, is λ &heph«'id uniidsi of his sheep, shall he lay him to 
But a£ soon as ye see thai Ihe God is ^llen on deep sleep, Ihcn 
Kousc lip the strength and the danng within yon^ and c^uit yuu li)co 

men. {&ηά spiing. 

Seize him and bcild» though he madden to 'sf^pe, Though he plunge 
He will pass into every shape, and to semblance of everythinj; 
That moveth on eanh, and in wjiler shall tlcct. and in hre ^hall roftt s' 
But hold him untlinchini-ly still, and constrain hirn only the more, 
But when in his own true shape he shall question you with word», 
Even like aa ye saw him lying amidst of the sea-bom herds, 
Rv&ain hom your vio]enc:e ihen» and set the Ancient freci 
Hero, and nsk what God it is that harasselh ihce, 4^0 

And withal ccnceTning the home-tracL• over the ^fih-frnught sea/ 
5o hnving spoken, she pinnged iit the mountain -purging fioodi 
Ifui I went b^ck tinto where on the s;mds ihe |:aElt^y5 ^toodt 
And with many a thniaf^ht λ% I went did tnme heart full darkly 

I)ut when I wa» come tomyi^ip as ahc lay by the hoftr &nrf-liDe> 
We drrsiied our suppei, and cjvet tis came the night divine. 
And theit \^ e sleft where Ihe ripples crept to the mitrtnurin^ shoro^ 
Till, roiSyTiTiKerrtl, tho tweet Dawn lingered mid mists no more. 
Korthwilh then lo the -itrand of Ihe broad-wayecl sc-i did I speed 
With many a pruyer lo the (imh - three maleM with mc did I lead 
Id whom 1 trusted nioit for every vcnlutciu» deed, [^yy 

Into the heart of the mid-wave hollows down ptun^^rd nhc. 

And font scal-akin^t i-ho biougbt in her bftudsl• tront the dcpth?i of 

the £ea. [phinned. 

And all had been u»wly Hayed, eo Ihe snare for bur father she 

And rpbe Acooped for i\A beds Ironchwiite by Ihe aurf in the ribbed 

sea -sand* 


of tionirr. 


And %h^ sat there, and waited for us, ΆηΔ anigh unto he-r we drew, 
And she couched iis, and o'er each m:in the sltm of a se^l sho threw. 
But Λ horrible ambutb for us had been there, for stitJed were we 
With tht fuul %it:k ^tiangling ste:)di of the fosicflintjs of ihe sea, — 
For who could eiifluie to lie down with a t>«ait of the briny deep ? 
But the Goddess doviscd a rcireshmff, our spirits from banc ίο keep, 
For %hc laid ambrcsia bcncalb tlic ηοΐΐηΐ:» of every one, 
And before its delicious brealliin^ th& reek of the se^i-beaiit Wiit 

gene. fstay- 

Thore ail througb ih^ ciorciug with patiently biding heart did wc 
And tbe seaU from ibc brine ro» upwaid ίη Lhri>nKei and tbetcaftcr 

they lay. 
Row upor TOW, to sleep by Eh& sea-surf^ dashing sounds 
And at high coon rose the Ancieot out of the bnnci and he fi>und 
Tbc huge-grown seals, and he went ovci all, and he reckoned the 

tate, [ftvail 

And he counted us lirst with the bea^tE, nor aughi did bis cimning 
To discern the cheat» and thereafter be laid Eiim tbc sca^Hoch amoo^. 
Then shouting wc rushed upon bini, and tound him oitr arms we 

Rung. [feign i 

Then the Ancient forgat not his wisdom, the craft that was mighty to 
But nrst he became a lion wild-to^aing the flame of his mane» 
And thereafter a diagoti» α panther, and lo, 'twas a bonr tusk clash' 

ing,— [plashing [ 

'Twas a liee hijuh-waving its leaves — it W4s water rippling and 
But ever with heart uabafflcd thai shifting shape did we titrain. 
Tin the Ancient sorcery-wise grew weaiy, and needs must refrarn, 
And then in his own shape uttered the word for the which I was fain : 
* Which of the Gods was it, Alrcus" son, this counsel that gave 
To take me by ambush perforce» and what is the thing thou dosi 

crave ?■ 460 

So did he bpeik, and I uttered my voice, and to him 1 rephed : 
*ADcienl, tbou kuowest—and why dost thou «peak but to turn me 

aside ? — 
How long in the Ule f am prisoned, and naught I can do Availeth, 
For 1 cannot escape ΐ niy strength is fleeiing, the heart in me iaileth^ 
But, aeetng the uod& know all, 1 pray thee ibat thou would^t ϊ^ν 
Of which of the Gods 1 atn fettered, and here am conHtrnineO to 

Stay, [way,' 

And mfty tiot pass over the Ashfraught sea on mine homeward 

Answered mc then the soothfast Aiicient, (he hoary-wise : 
' Nay^ but 10 Zens and the rest of ihe Gods must thou sacrifice 
Fair victims, and then go aboard, and so shall thou run with the 

breeze 470 

Swift to thy fjilherkad over the wine-dark wash of the seas- 
For know that it is not Thy weird to behohi rhy friends, and to come 
,Back to the land of thy futbeis, back to thme high-roofed home, 
pTiU again to the water of Egypt's river dowiifallen ftom heaven 

50 Ctir Φ^γ^ίί* book 

thaxi hast meA&ured thy track, and lh<* holy h«C4tornh- honour hi 

To the <i«3thJes& Gods that abide id the broad-Krchcil btravcna on 

bigh. iduiU siiih/ 

So the Goai $h;ill ^atir ihee the horn^'irack for which i)iy soiU 

So did h« spcakr but iniu? b«arl wafi ήνοϋ isundur with pam 
Foi: tiial thus he comniauded to <:rosa the iiii^ty aca agaui 
A£ir unto Egypt-land, a >v«uiy &ώΔ woeful w»y. 4J 

Y«t bi griefs despite 1 answered, aod ThLis unto bim did I fiay : 
' I will do as thou bidd&sc, Anctcnli aud bring to an end tho Utsk. 
Bui give me an aiiswcr of truth to the thini; that [ furthcnnoic ask. 
Did all the Achi&an war-klngs win in the ships safe home 
Whom Nestor and 1 left, passing from Trovland over the foam ? 
Or hath any by bitter deatructioti died in his galley afar. 
Or passed hi ihe aiiiLS of his ft iends, having woven the web of war 7' 
So did I speak, bui he stravghlWity ^tnswert^d and cried unto me: 
■ Atreides, what hast thou to do to ;isk me ?— 'twere belter for thee 
Not to know of ihc thing that I know ; and 1 tell thue ihine heart 

shall be atiired 490 

With pain, and thy te:irs soon (low, when ail my lale thou hiait 
For many the sword devoured- iind left was many an one ; [hoard. 
But of all the Achaean brass-mailed chicfUms two alone 
Were lost in tlie home-way ; — yea* by their side in the fi^jtit atuod< 

est thou ;^ 
And oue in an isle ' >nid the seat plains wide ie a priaoner now. 
With his ton^-oared galleys wa^ Ajax wrecked 11; the breaker-swirl ; 
Por against the Gyr-f^jt rocks did Fost^idon the black ^hip hurl ; 
But lb» God saved him froi» the £ea, from the threshold of Hadee' 

And now had he 'scaped Jestmciiion. for all Athene's hate. [SOQ 
Bnt for his own presumptior^ the word that in madness he cned, 
Hovr that eveu in the Gods' despite he had 'scapwl from the de^] 


But Poseidon heard the vaunts that on high to tlie heavens be flungt 
And straight in hh mighty bands his ihre^-forked mnre he swung, 
Ajid he smote the G>'r£ean rock, and the crag in sunder he ciavci 
And the hdf abode in his place, and the half plunged down to the 

Even that whereon Ajax hjtd sil in his foliy and frenzy of ^oul, 
Aad It whelmed him down v/clter of surges and tithomle&s deep 

sea<roll> [diaLi^bl from the aea• 

So he died, when the vaunt-filled mouth hid liccn liUed wilb λ 
But thy brother— he 'scaped the fates; for abt11eth«doom ihunnedj 

111 bis bullow ralleys, for him Queen (Ure from l^ane did keep. 510 
But when he drew nigh to Male ta's mountain -foreland &te«p, 
Then a tempest cAught him and drave him witb etof^germg saiJ 



ot S?omfr. 

Heflvily gTO&nin^, over tho usbcs' tT^tcklc^s baunt 

To the uttcriiiost wtfc^ oi the Uud where Thynte» m dt^s b/gone 

t)wi>!i, hul !hu lord of it llien was A«gtUhui, Thy^les" Km. 

Biit ovonftsth«y de«med Chat ihehome-tu'tog scjitheLoe;e from thence 

fthould be> [ma. 

The Oods turned LackHArd iLe wind, aoJ he won lo hi& hu^u? by 
Ο plftd was he ihen lo siaad on )iu faiheTjand soil *gain t [rain 

And be kissed the ground »s he touched it ; Iho toars Ul(« flumiror 
Feil from hia eyes, for he looked on his Und, and tbcicof wfta be 

faiit. S30 

But afar from a height ^m he «pied of the watchman whom that 

false lord, 
Aagiftthus. had planted there, and hod promised a goodly rcwarti. 
Two talents of gold ; and a wbdc ytrar's space had he watched frnin 

ihe height» ["minht; 

L>eat he sliould come ere he knew with the storm οί hb battle- 

.So with tiiiags he hied to ihe hall of his lord, the shcphetd of folk• 

Tlien Aegi&thiis craftily dnill, and hi* plotled the treachery 'Stroke : 

For be ^bcee to him twenty, his mightiest nnen, and hm ambaah he 

And aloof at the baU*a Ϊλχ side he that the fea^i be arrayed. 
And with chariots and horses he Wed hlru lo meet Agamemnon the 

Idng, [thing. 530 

And he bade to the banquet, ihe while in his hoan was a horriole 
And homeward he broitght him not knowing the dcaih ihai was 

doomed lo befall, [stall ] 

And he slew him amidst of the foest, as they slaof^btor an ox V the 

Nor was Any man left of the kini< Aj^ameinnon's warrior train, 

Nriiher one of the men of Aejiisihas, but all in the hall lay ulain." 

Then wiih hearing the woids that he said mine heart went nigh 

το brcik ; 
And I wept as I sat on the sands; ro more could my spirit take 
Any pl^sure in life, nor 10 look on the light of the sua was I fain ; 
And I wept and I rolled to and ho in a passion of impotent pain. 
TiU my heart was weary of woe, and spoke Ihe Sca-ancient agnjn : 
;' No longer, Atreuit' noa, weep ceaselessly, nay. but refcain. 540 
Seeing nothing thereby Khali be won ; and with speed lay to tbioe 

To the end that Ibou mayest come to tho soil of thy fatWUnd, 
Foe peichiiiLC tbuu ahajt find him alive, and perchance by Oiestcb 

Or ev«r thou come, and lor theo but the burial-feaat ehall remam.* 

So did be apcsk, aod my beait and my lordly soul at the word 
Again ir my breast, for }di niifie An^iish, kindled and siirrod. 
AM I lift up my voice, and the light-winged words from my lips 

forth came ; 
* The«c therefore I kno^ . but now unto mc the third man nttmc, 
Who in yet alive, and U prisoned amid^C of the wide fn^-plain» i^^^ 



^\)t Φ^ΐ'ϋ^ 

nooK IV,! 

ΟΓι if he b? dearf, I would hear tt, in ipile of iny angtiished pain." 
So did I a$k, and he answered n^e «Iciightway, and ^pake further- 
mote : 
■The ΐίοη of L-iertcs. that dwelklh m halb upon llhaca's ahuror 
Him have I seen in an inland, an<i ever his hot rtars flow 
In the halle of Calypso the nymph, and she will not Jet bira (fO ; 
Acd he ^aunut escape from thence, nor ictum i^t bia fftthcrland : 
No galley with oaifi hath he, nniher ^rma cf a Uusty band 
To &pe«d him away over long-dd^iog; lollers of miiiy £«a- 

But, Ο thou fostered of Zeus, it is nor fAtc-spok^n for thcc 
Id Argos the battlc-^teed-Murse to coinc to thy dcach'dooro end : 
Βυΐ ihee to the end« of the earth the Deathless Ones, shall send. 
To the plam ELyBian, wherein bnght^haired Rhada. man thus doth 

Where lestful is life, and ever with incn it gocxh full well ; 
Where the snow never drifts, where the tempest is not, nor the 

rain's cold gl^am, [stream 

But the breath of the west-wind ever and aye from the Oceitn- 
With whimpering suit and with cool sweet kibses for inoa dotii 

arise :^ [eye».' 

Because thou hast Hekn to wife, and art kmcinan to Zeus in thoir 

So having spoken, he plunged in the rnountain-sur^'ing f^ooJ. 
But I went with my godhke m^les unto where the gaticry ^loud; 
And with nnaoy a thought as I went did my heart full darkly brood- 
But when I WAS come to my ship, as she lay by the hoar surf-Line, 
We dressed oui supper, and over us came the night divins; [570 
And There we slept where the ripples crept to the nuitmurii]^ shoTOi 
Till, rosy- Tin cered, the sweet Dawn lingered tnid utists no more- 
Then first did we haul the gaJlcys down to the vast sea-tide, 
And we ^t up the masts iit the bhapeiy ktxls, and the ^Is shook 

wide ; 
And we entered up into the ship, and arow ^t down to the stroke, 
And the aca with the orderly dixah of the blades into hoar £»ηι 

So batk unto Egypt's river, the heaven -descetided, I came 
With my jialieys, and rose uiito heaven the holy hecatomb- tlamc. 
So when I had honoured the Deathless, and past wa» the cloud of 

their frown, 580 

I piled Agamemnon a barrow, ihui his might t>e i:)uen^h!c^ss renown. 
So, making an end, I returned, and ih^ Deathless gave me a bt^oie, 
And they wafted me back to my fatherland swiftly over tlic skms- 

Bnt come now, urry awhile williin these hallh of mine, Tihine^ 
Til! 3t least the eleventh day dawn, or the h^'ht of the twelfth day 
And thon shalt thou go m peace, and Kl^ttous iziiiii shaU receive, 
Throe steedsp and a well-polished car , and hcsidcaull ihia will I ^-ivc 
A lovely chalice, and ihettce drink Offerings shall thou pour 
To the Deathless Ones- and so mayc^t think upon me overmor•." 
Thee did Tclcmachus wi^e oi wit make answer and uy : 390 


of ^Dinir. 


" Atrddcf, binder m« cot, th&t 1 overiong «hould stay. 

For by thee were 1 fain to 3ii IhroupS the rouotl of the rolling y«ar, 

Nor anctt should η yeaminj^ come o'er me for borne oi foe purrnt» 

pSo ftoiely I love iby words and tlie tale of (hy t^lhiif; to hear. 
'Bui already in Pylos thr sandy rny comfadcs chafe at my stay, 
Atid hcrr »i:l tttou 1(«ϊβρίττ^ me yet with an overlong delny. 
B^t av for the gift thou wouldst give, be η somewhat to Iceep for 

ihy 6fit!«; 
But thy bounty 1 leave with ihee here, for the horses ! cannot take 
UoEo Ithaca's ielo; for ihe lealand wide that thoii ruTesI over [6oo 
Ja t plain, wh«re galingale groweth, and siorc of the ru<idy clover, 
And the wheat And thespelt and the l>ere broad-bearded and white 

I ο «ee. 
Bur in Tlhaca horse-runs wide there ate none, neither meniioW'lea ; 
Goat-pAfiture it :&,— yet fairer than horse-grazinp tand nnto mc. 
Yea. meadowlcss islands are not for horacs ; ihcir hilliilopes fall 
Stocplv adown to the sc<t. and in Ithaca inost ϋΓ all/' 

So did he speak, and smiled Meuel^iis the wurrior-lordi 
And he lovingly touched the child of Cdyiiseus, and spake the word ; 
*■ Dftir son. thy words give proof of the blood of no mean luan, 
Therfifore Ihe gift tliou shall take wjII I i-hange, for tliis I can. 
And, of ail the royal treasures wilhin my palace that shine, 6io 
Tho costlii^st thing and the fairest to see, «νση that shaJi be thine. 
I wiU give thee a buwt fair-tarven» of silver its piccious mouldy 
Save only the iim thereof, and it gleams wiih the ilflme of gold. 
'TiR the work of Heph^siu» : the hero f hadimus gave it to me. 
The Sidor]i£in&' king, when 1 stood 'neath the roof of hia hall by the 

When the home-track brought me tbriher : and thU Ss the giit thou 

shall take." 
So they commumng together each unto other apake. 
Now came the bin{iur!ting throng Id Ihe h&\h of the godlike king : 
And men drove fallings along, and the gloHous wine d:d they bring ] 
And vrivea with headvcils fair sent thither for them tJie bread: 6io 
Soio the wide hall there was the goodly banquet spread. 

Bui Jn front of thn jialace of king Odysseus ihe suitor-crew 
Did the hunting -javelins fling for their eporl, and the quoits they 

In the Icvel-beatcQ court where their insolence «rsl raug high : 
And Antinous watching the sport with Euryinachus sat thereby: 
Th9 chiefs of the suitors were they, and the others iu mi^ht tbey 

outshone - 
And lo them drew near thil day No^inon, Phroaius' son. 
To Antinous thus did he speak, putting question concerning his 

thought : 
" Antinous, touching Telemachua, know we at all or not 
Hdw mcin he is like i" return from Pyli»' samly shoie . ft^ij 

tE6r CHipfifefp 


He U thitherwATd gone with my gtuley, and now hav« I ntma there- 
Even to pass overseas Linlc Eli^'s leaUad plain. 
Twelve mircs have J ihf^re, ind nmles unbroken . of them am 1 fain 
To drive awiy some from the herd, and lo break Chem in to Ibe 

rein." fdid hll ; 

Bui bis words perplexed ihcm sore, and amazetrent their hearts 

They had thought not of Pylo^' shore : in ihe fields ihey deetiied 

him still 
Counting the swine drovcis o'er, or ihe sheep that fed en the hill. 

Thea did Autinous, soa of Eupeithes. answer And say -. 
" Tell to me truly this^when went he, and who were they 
That alon^' with him went } of the Iihacans choeen, or folk 

Hired ficrvants or thEAlIs? Vca, sooth, even this deed mi^ht he 

have done 1 
Από answer me this thing too, to the end 1 may know h aright : 
Did he take by force ihat galley from thee in thine own despite. 
Or iTidst ihou willingly grant it, for prayer ih^i he ni^ide unln thee 

But No^mon Phrontus^ son nude answer wonderinf{Iy : 
** Surely 1 willingly gave it : — wh&t else had another min done ? 
When α man so princely, yeΛ, such a trouble- burdened one, 
Maketh request, it weic hard la refuse Ihe bocin, ^uiid MxHh. 
And men, even tht-y that are counted th* pride of the Ilhacan youth. 
Went as Ihe crew of his ship : and the master thereof, άά \ deem, 
Was Mectoii or else a God, for indoed he was like unto hiui. [6jo 
But at ihis I marvel, ihiit Mentor I here saw yesterday 
At the daybreak, - yet unto l'y\as then did he sai3 away!" 

tie ^pake, and he turned bim again to go to the nouM of his 

ialher ; 
Bui over the soiila of ih« tu'aln did a cloud of amazement gather. 
And they cried to the net round ^boul thent to «it, their coateetfi 

done : 
And to Ihem did Aminous shout, Hupeithe-s' inaoleni son : 
And he cded in hh anguish sore, and a torrent of fury and shame 
O'er his paiuondark soul did pour, and his eyes woro as gloaraii 

*' Ι-ίϊ, hi3W Telemachui row bath deftantly done the deed ! 66o 

See, now U h\% joiu^ey accompli^edl — we deemed that he ncver^ 

Bhould speed. 
Vef7 boy that he is, he is i;one, as he said, ϊη despite of us all Τ 
He halh launched him a ship, he haih chosen of the folk ^ood 

fellows and till. 
From this time forth will he work us mischief— May Zeus deatroj 
And blast hh might in the bud, or ever he breed us annoy I 
But come now, giv* mr a galley swift, and twenty men, 
And £0 wi)l 1 wait in ambush, and watch for his coming aga^D 
In the strait t'wiitt Ithacn's ieJc &nd Samos* rugged coast ; 


of joiner 


So ro his grief «hall h« sm\ thescss fcr his father lost." 
And they shouted that so should he do» and cliey all wer«of oua 

con»e^Ql. 670 

Thnn Mrntghlway Ihp suitor -crew to the hall of Odys^^us went» 

Howboit it was net lon^ ere Penelop* alfto wa» w,ire 
Of the words of the suitor- throng and the darkly -plotted snarci 
Seeing McdontheherAld fiAdbcArd, as he stood in the cooit the while; 
And he bare to the queen the word how they wove th« web of thuir 

For he hied with the tidings bst through Peneicpc's pftkcchall ; 
Butt Λ5 ovei the Ebreshuld he passed, did the queen indignantly call : 
" Hciald, with wh*t behest art thou come from the suitor-band ? 
To ei^O to the maids of Odysseus the godlUcc iheir command 
To forsake their laixiurs, and yonder for ihem the banquet to lay ? 
I would th;il of :iEI their Wiioiufi this were ihe btcsi day, ;68o 

That this were the end of your banquets, your uUeimosl revelUng- 
Yc that assemble together and all our substance devour, 'hour, 

The wise Telemadius' stole» as though ye ucver bad beard. 
In Ihp days overpast of your childhond, yoiTr fathers' praising word. 
How good Odysseus was in Ehe days when he ruled the lund» 
HowDooeof youi sire* had mock of his mouth or harm of hi» band 
Not so 15 the wont of Uw kiuys uf ilit cailh in rhcit bT«iUke vtate; 
For they show unto one their favonr, another mu^t taste their hate, 
but who of my lord had tyrumnoue handling ^— Noue, th<er6 wa» 

none ! 690 

Bui herein is yoar tnalice made bare, and your stiaineful deeds are 

Thankless ye are for ihe favourg for^rotteD, the good deeds done." 

Theu Medoo the piudenT-LOuubdlcd spako to hei answering : 
" Ah Queer» and wonid that rhiii of thine ills were the direst thing ! 
Ιϊίΐι a greater wrong by far, and a E^orer evd ihnn all 
la this that the suitors arc plotting, — v^eus gran tit may never befall ! 
Pur nov/ is lUeir purpose set tltat lliy son with the sword be slain 
Xb he homeward returneth : for npws of his sire hath he crossed 

the main 
Unto Pylos. the sacred strand, anto Sp^trta, the hallowed plaiop" 
Hut ^e reeleth with knees slricken weak, in hf-t heart no spirit 

is found» 700 

Aj;d her lipe no word may speak, and the tide of her anguish hath 

Her eye^, »ηό her agony's weight hath fi-tlered that rich voice fast. 
Yet hardly reviving and late, full feebly she spake at the la^t : 
*■ Herald, and why hath my son departed ? — no need had he 
To mount on the Hect-fannK galleys, the chariot -steeds i>f the sea : 
— And th*y paw, Ο far away, o'er che hungry weltering tide \ — 
ffatb he done it» that tiot io much as his name among men may 
abide?" [her: 

Ami Meibn the inudent- counselled made answer lher(«iflei to 


'Z^t sE^opeerp 


*' ι know not whoChur α God cam«! hhh«r his fpirit to «tir. 

Or wheihor his own soul moved him to l^ylots to (jo. lo onqoire 710 

ΩΓ Ihn home-coming feci or the fikte that perchaacG halb bofallcn Ha 

Su wlicn he hud «ndL^ct the word he r«((iiTied to Odyssdos' h&IJ : 
But heart- lirc-ikin^ ;iiif;vii»h w&s poured over her, cor endured fibe 

;il all 
To ftit upon any couch of all in Ihc palace chat were : 
N«y, low OD the Hoor did she croucb of the chamber fashioned fair* 
And ahe piteon^ly nfuled» and aiound her the mo&n of her hand^ 

maidu rung, [young. 

Oi all in the house that were faund, of the old, and wirhftl of tho 
And with ani*uishcd hcart-stncken cry she mourned to her maida 

ihcicliy ; 
" Hiftrksn, my friends, for Zeus hath dealt very bitterly [720 

With me, above oil tha^t were born χηά nurtured along with me. 
Ercwhiln my galkat husbaud, the Ibn-heartcdi I lost, 
In all that a. nan may do unmatched in the Danian host . 
And the voire of hi^ fame ihroufih the length and breadth of Hellafi 

is gonc' 
And now nave the tempe«t£ snatched away my beloved son : 
And none knowetb what hath liefallm: 1 heard not cuncemiug bis 

— Cruel ontifi f none of you car«d» atlmit of thi$ welt knowing* 
None of you carod to come and ^waWi me uut of my ahup. 
When my son whs i\apaiii\ig awiy in the black ship over the d«ep, 
For if I hud heard that ho purposed such journey as this in hifi 

Veiiiy should lie have larded, how eager soe'er to deparC ; 730 

Hlsd had he left his mother dead in his palace-hall. 
Bui let aome one away with epeed» and the old man Dolius call, — 
My eervant; when hither I came did ray father give him to mc. 
Of mine orchard now is he keeper, the garden of many a tree, — 
That with hatfe he may go ic Laertes, and all these things may say, 
Η £o ii may hap that he m his heart shall devise some way, [slay 
,\nd shall go and make moan to the people, lite fdk that purpt:^ Eo 
My soUp \m seed, and the seed of Odysseus the godlike lord," 

Then Etirydeia the ancient nurse took up the word : 
" Dear lady» ior this shalt thou slay thy thrall with the pitiluSi 

sword, 740 

Or bid me livo on, but the wotil from thee will I nowise hide: 
All thia djd I ktiow» and whatever he hade me, did i provide, 
Sweet wine, and t>road ; and he caused mc to swear no word to say 
Of thia unto tbeei till the cwelftb day t:ame from hi& going away. 
Or thoii feU'si in a longing for him, and didst hear he was gone and 

afar. [mar. 

That thou shouldst not with tears unavailing thy radiant loveliness 
But luilhe ihyMjli now, and id i^timent dean thy Uiriy iirray, 

>0Κ IV. 

ο( ^oinrr. 


And pass το tbinc upper chiunbci «long with ihitte handmaids, and 
prajr [bear ι 

To Athene the Daughter i>f Zeti« who the ehi«td of thff Λ^« doth 
I'ot she can deliver nimi yea, from the jaw» of death can she Icar- 
Utit an old man sore vexed vck tioI further, for »iircly I deem [750 
Th*t the ?ic«l ai Arkinsius' son not utterly h^iteful doth seem 
In the eyes of the Gods, but still of his line shail a man tie found 
To be lord cf his htffh-roofed halls and the fair lands lying aro;ind," 

Then frcnj wailini^ refrained the queen, and the tears from her 

eyelids were slaved : 

And sh& batlied herself, and iri clean fair raiment her body arrayed. 

And up lo her chamber she parsed with her handmaiden- train at 

hci hide: [cried: 

From the b^skH the barley ^he catt, and In prayer to Ath«n^ the 

'^ Hear me, thoxi Child of th« Aoci^-buStrer, Unwefttiod Onel 
If e'er in his halls rLiany-couii&tlUl Ody6«eu3 hath sacrifice done 
With ihe i&i of own 01 sheep iriliimc on [hint altar-flre^ [760 

[ bescoHi thee, reiiember it now, and tave hjft Nloved son, 
And confound the suitors, nnd taaHle ihoir nrrof^ant hoarta deaiie/' 

Then the sacrifice-cry she cried, and the Goddess heaiketied her 
call. {^hado^iy halt ; 

But the suitors with tumult and brawl were loud through the 
And thus, in their insolent pride, spake one (o another there ; 
" Doubtless this ijuecn of many a wooct c'oi nou' duih prepare 
Her bridfti ; nor knowcth how wuht for her son the murder -snare," 

So with infatuate breast they lauj^bed, and the truth none knew : 
But Antinovis ipakc to the rest of the la^fttess iuiloi'Crevr : 770 

" Ye fools, refraiii jou all alike fri>in <Lrri]i|>ant speerh, 
Lett the thing we devise to Ihe ears of these within should teach. 
But come, let us all full silently ri^c, oar purpose to speed, 
Thai the word that hnth pleased 115 all may (|iiickly became the 

^deed." [hold's foes; 

Then the mightiest twenty he chose from the throng of the house- 
id they basted, and soon as the crew to the sea and the f^alley 
were coicic. 
Down to the deep they drew, and they launched her forth on the 
foam. ithem alon^^ : 

And the sail and the tapering mast they brought, and they laid 
And they Uiilied the long oar& Cast, each one witli iis Icatbeni 
luA ll thtD^s in order due, -and they epread the white ^ail wide ; 7^0 
|KAlkd their weapons were brought lor theni then by their insolent 
^^ icivingmen. 

And ofT the land in Ihe bhie sea moored they the galley to ride : 
^■ffhcn supped on the shore the crow^ and waitod the oventido, 
^B Dut Penelope pai^Mnii^wi^e Is siill in the wonien'^ bower ; 
^^nd fasting ihere she Men ihrongh many a wretched hour, 

Ever τηοΑηιηκ her hear! withinr " Shall my darling e&cape ihem yet, 


iISc ©tr^Wf? 


Orbe talt^n in thai death-^in which the Arrogant laito» have net?'* 
.\&a bftfllcil lion duth bmod, as hr iiiiflils in ihe TTiids( of hii foe*. 
When the tinchel draws in through ch# wood, when ihe hunters 

nronnd hint close, [oyedswim. 790 

So wild ^rc ihc thoughts that leap thro^i^h her brain, till the tued 
And the p;i]r ficn dnnpi in s\txp, and ^moolht^ U each cran^peij 

Bui Atheai cf iiashio^ eyos hath another thmg ytl to do ; 
Far Λ phantom she caused to aibe. and lo. as a womftji jt grew. 
And iphthim*"s form il tw>re, Icarijs^ queenly dauRhier, 
Whom Eum^lu* wedded of yore, and afar unto Phern? hr<>M^ht her. 
And ihe ap«d Iho phantom's l^ighl to Udysseua' hall ibat nt^hu 
To inaku Ρβορίομί cease fiuni the inoumicig Imm of her fears, 
And to giv-* to the sad heari pwice, aird to dry up Ihe fbuniiun of 

And iato the chamber h aped, — by the thong of the Ixjlt did it slip, — 
And il leaned o'er Penelope's head, and it murmured with shadow/ 

Up: Soo 

*' PeneboCt eloepaftt thou, with a nii^hlmarc-^am in thy breast ? 
— Nay. inifi shall the Gods forbid (hat abide m sorritwle» rest, 
That wailing and woe should be thine, for thy son shall rettira unto 
Foe in aooth in the sight of the Gods no «vil-doer is be.*' [thee ; 

Saith Pcaclop^ paaaingwise to the shade Ihat her sister scema, 
Λΐ she rL-stfully, sweetly lies in the gate£ o( ibo hall of dreums: 
*' Sister, why art thou here, who hasi not been wonl to come 
Heretofore unto me, for thou dweli'st in a far-away distant homo ? 
And thou biddcsl me ceaae from my woe. Exddest all ihe anguish 
depart, (hean. Sio 

Tbo cloud that overshadows my soul, the w&ighl that oppresses jny 
Erewhile mine hcro'hnsbatid, Ihc lioa'hoartcd! 1 lost, 
In all thai a man may do uninalLhed in tlie Duicaan host. 
And the voirp of his ^me through the length and the t>Teadth of 

He\\w ίε gone. 
And departed now in the hollow ship is my d«rtin^ son, 
Untfieii in toils and in strife of tongues when the folkmiJiM j^ather- 
Yea, and Γ mourn even more for him than his hero-father ; 
And sorely I tremble and fear lest nnto him mischief betide 
Midst the folk whereunio he 15 gone, or out on the sea-pUtns wl^ty. 
For foes full many are piotling against his IJfe, and bum 
To slay him, or ever again to the laod of his sires he return,'' ilao 

Answering then unto her the shadowy phantom replied : 
" Take heart, let Mot thy bosom ol courage be utterly void : [a ^ide 
Por now hath there gone with thy son such a guard for the way, such 
Αϊ men full oft have besought to stand in her mi^ht at their stdo, 
Even Pallas Athend : thy mourning Ihc Gcddc^^s niih haih siirrcdt 
And now hath she seici me hither to spraV unio ihce (his word." 
Made answer the wise-hoart queen, as thrilled her slumbahng 

breast ; 

nooK IV. 

Of ^omrr. 


*' If k Goddess ihotj art indeed, And haet huturkenod ft God's behoat, 
TclJ mo, Ο tell mc aleo of that lU-fdlcO oat ! 

Is lie anywheie yet aliv<; and betioldiui^ the light of the sun ? 830 
Or is he in Hade^' halU ^ — ^^h m<9, can it be Iio hath died ί " 

Answering then untn hct the nh^dowy phantom replied : 
" Nay. I>ut I may not Icli ihcc all thai rcmaiQctb behind, 
Whether he live ot !κ! di^ad, — hut the idle word h as wind.*' 

And the phantom ysr^a na moro there : by the boll of the door hod 

Λ darted, [started; 

PanMng ίατσ ihs breath of the air. Qui out of her slumber she 

And her heart wa^ sglnw and agteam, and its darkness was tiirned 

into Ught 
For the vivid blessed dream that had come in the hush of the night* 

Bui the sailors had ^oae aboard, and oui to sea ihGy stood, 
Puitlng to rwldin The sword with the son of Odys&eus" blood. 
Now A rocky islci iics in the nitd strait's sca-aurge hoar,— ^40 

To tho weot doth Samoa arise» to the cast is Ithac.Vs shore, — 
Asleria, rtoτ^'Lsθ great, and havens Cheiuin there be twain. 
Tbere lork ihi; Achseans, and wait till tha prey returneth aj^in. 

φ jKt. ano toae frbiplorcchcir. 

Up rose DftwD from her bed by proud TiChonus' side, [wide, 

On ImmorlaU hr.r light !o shed, and nn men od ihe eanh^lain 
ΊΠιβπ did the high Gods gather, and mtt^sE them in xwM slate 
Sal Z^eus, iovid'Oiundennfi Father, whose might ia resisUcsaly great. 
And Pallas Athenfi rose, for her spini was kindled If» tell 
The hero Odysseus" woes, with a Goddess constrained to dwell : 
" Zeus our Faiher. and ye the blessed Gods ever-living, 
Why should a king any more be merciful, fault^f arriving, 
Giacious, and swaying a sccpttc in lighleousness ? Why cot rather 
Stern, ftfld an ev'il oppreswr ? — lor he i3\at was kind Ά& a faiher ro 
And good to hi£ folk, as though they were sons of his loins l^egotton. 
Hath none to remenitter Odysseus now, — he b <lcan forgotten, 
He liath afar in an L^land, forlorn in his anguish <nd woe. 
In the halls of Calypso the Nymph, and she will not let him go. 
And he cannot escape from thence, nor return to his fathctUod : 
No galley wilh oars hath he, nor arms of a trusty band. 
To speed hiTi) arros* the sea. or the long-ridging ^well thereof. 
And lo, they are* scekm^ to take the life of the son of tiis lov«, 
Whut time ho cornea home, who for news of hia father s^ed over 

ihe main 
Unto Pylo5, the snrred strand, unto Sparta, the hallowed plain." ao 
Answered her Zeus, of whoAe hands the clouds together are 

ewept : 
" Dau^hiei. what saying is thl&. through the fence of thy teeth that 

hath leapt Ϊ 
For 15 it not all thy devi^ng, how back to hie palace-hall 
Ody^KLis sh&ll comct and requital on those ill-doers shall fall ? 
Then speed ihou Telcmachiis back in thy wisdom» — for thou IcDOw- 

eftt best,^ 
Thtt ajfain he may come to the land of hin Fathers, and none may 



tE!iP ΦΰρββΓί' of ^ointr. 


And the suitors return as they came ία theLr ship from a tmotless 

qucEt," [with heed : 

And ne spake unto Hermeshisson.and the Guide-god hearkened 
" Hemjes,— foi tliouatt our mfissenget ever b all our n«ed, — 
Speed to the fair -tressed Nymph, aod our sure decree declare 30 
Tlmt UdysseuE ihe steadfast -hearted back to h« home may fare, 
AVhom neither the God^ shall carry, nor galley of men iha.\\ bear. 
But fae on a raft sErong-bound ^hall pass over a wearisome way. 
Till he coTi^e uQEo Schem's fut-lo^med bud ^a the twentieth day» 
Where dwell the Fha?acian folk, that are nii::h to the Gods in line ; 
And tbeee shall recder him hotiom» as though lie were even divine ; 
And (hey in λ galley shall send him hojiie to his own dear land. 
With their cifts of t>raas And of gold, aod rainieot enow in his hand, 
More than Odysseus from Troydand ever had carried away, (40 
Scatheless had he conic theuce with bU own full uhare of the prey- 
For thus is It fated thai he ghall behold his friends, and shall come 
Back to the land of his fathers, back to his high-roofod home.'' 

Sodid he speak, and the Guide that slew Argus did nowise refuse : 
BLtt swift to his feet he lied his beauufu] sandel-^hoes, 
Ambrosial, golden- gleaming, that bote him over the mam^ 
bwift as the winds far-streaming, and o'er carth^6 limitless pUiD. 
And the Wand of the Spells hath he ta'en, ihat charms into 

slumber deep 
Whomsoever he will, and again it breaketh the bands of sleep. 
Hcanng his wand of mi^bt the Slayer of .Vrgus stooped [swooped, 
From the sky tu Piena^b height, then dowu on the uccan he 
And over the sea-swell darted^ as onward a sea. mew slips [dips 

Where the dread wave bosoms are parted, and dowa the hoilowa it 
F:*hing, with win^ agleam with the dew of the sail sea-spray : 
So did the Guide-god seem, skiiiunin^ wave after wave on hU way, 
Bnt when to the hie came be, the far-away lonely strand, 
From the face of the \'iolot sea the God ^ct foot on the land. 
And he weut till be tanic to a grot, a great wide cavern, and there 
Foimd he the Goddesti he sought, the Nymph of the beautiful hiiir. 
On the hearth a great hrc shone: throiif^h the island w^s wafted 

from thence 
The bct^ut of the fuel thcreaii. of the cedar and frankincense. 60 
And, whh sound of a sweet voice ringing, gold shuttle and shiTiin|^ 

Ever the Nymph pUed» «unfiiing in tinK to her fairy tread* 
And Hiound the giutLo λ wut^d shot np in nbundajit bloom, 
Whnre alder and poplar stood, and the cypress of gocidly perfume, 
Fearlitsly Ihinp-winRed fowl there roosted the branches among. 
The fftlci:<n, the tound-eycd owl, and thcciows v^ith chattering tongue 
That tiLint fof their prey where the bright sea-spray is art>und them 

And, all the grotto surrounding, the arms of a vine went straying, 
With giecn leaf-masses abounding» and clusters heavily wcighiuif. 

And the suoMt water wns gushiog ficiii four swest spmigs out- 
flowing 70 
AoiL'h ai the fU£t, till fushinj? llie npplusran, »ll naye ^oing- 
Λαα meadows with parsley i^rec π , arid with purple of violot» di^ht. 
Glowed WLib au emerald sh«en. Weic a God Iu cbdiice du the ^i^'lit, 
Ther« would he linger, f w«ieii, wtih his whole soul drinWiTig de^Ughu 
And there did lie stand a1 gase, and the Slayer of Ar^s wondertdi 
And his spirit was tilled with amaze, as all Xixs marvel he poodeied. 
And nigh 10 ihc cavern he drew ; and even as Hermes came, 
The Goddess Calypso knew rhe Guide<god's visage and name. 
For they that imTnoTtal are ne'er come to each other unknown. 
Though one be dwelling afar from the rest, in a palace alone 80 
But Odysacii!^ the nobte of heart ntight not in thr giolto be seen. 
But he wept by the shote apart, a? his wont had atoretiine been, 
Rending his heart ^-ith ^ighs and with tears and with yearning 

Wistfully gazing with eye^ lesr-dimined on the Turren main^ 

To a glorious glittering throne Ca]ypsi> hath Hermes Jed. [said : 
And. bidding the God make known the cause of his comingi she 
'* Why haal thou tanie, Ο Ηβΐ nies with wand of gold, to my ^bore, 
Ο honoured Άηά dear ? T:s a way that thou «eldofr hast trodden 

Utier thy purpose : my huart bids mc do whatsoe'er may bo done. 
But first draw ni^h to my bofud, and the ^est-brc spread there- 
Upon." 90 

Thet> that the uod mij^hl cat, the Goddess a table spread 
With ambroeia. heaveoly meat, and with ncciar fobyrcd. 
And Hermits look of her fare, and he «juaffed of the neciar-bowk 
Bvea till the Argus-sEayer with cheer had filled his soul• 
Then ID reply to the Nyraph with the words of his mouth he apakc: 
" Tliou haM a^kcd of my coming; an answer of truth unto thoe 

will I make. 
As a God'i; reply to a Goddess, £ootb shall mine answer he, 
«feus hath commanded me, loth as I was, to come hilhcr to thoc, — 
Γ01 who of himself across such limitless ocean-swell 
Woutd speed to a land th;ii hath notifies wheretn men dwell. Too 
Where never an alt£ir smoked, where never a victim fell ? 
But when ho that lic^reth the Ac^ls oommands, among all the rest 
May none niake vojtl his word, transgressing his high ijehc-sl :— 
He «aith, thou ha^t by thee the man who^e Ιοτ hath l>een harder 

than all 
Of the heroes who batckd for nine long years round lUuia's waU, 
Until in the tenth in ashes the city of Priam lay : 
Bu: ag^in^t Athena Ihey sinned amidst of iheir homeward way, 
SovhesttiotetbeEnby n^rmiesof winds aed (he long sea rollers' amy: 
There did tlic rest of his men sink di>wn mto deep sea -graves, 
Rnc h« was hitherward swept tiy the stress of the wiods and th« 
wftves. XII 


Οι feomer. 


Him mutt thou «pMdily suffer horaaward u^iun to hie : 
Pot il ύ not his doojn that here afar from ab fricrtdii he should dWi 
But \tn UteJ thai he shjll agaiii behold h» fiiends, injrf come 
Back to ihe land of bis fathers, back to hi* hiffhroofed home. ' 
&hudd«r«^ the uoddcEE wiih pain wbeii thu heavy behest she 

kaew, [flew ; 

Aud she spake unto HetiiEt^ iig>iiti, atid Tit^e winded wuid^ answering 
** Hird'heanedAadj^alousuodal uou« other ire Lke you," ^ihecned, 
"Who over bc^rudgu tbut u Goddeaa should couch by η mortAl'» 

Tbouj^h ^he ^uultl op^^nly wed him. for Jovo subduing her prid*^ I 
It was so when the roey lingered Koe Onou choee; iso 

BtiJI were ye jealous of him, yc Gods in your cArelcfrs rupoac, 
UntiJ ArteniLS undetiled from her goldeu chioQe had stpcd. 
And «lain by her pairtless shafts he lay in Ortygla dead- 
It was io when Uonieler bent to the rush of the storm of hor ρΔβΰΐοα, 
Aod she and lasion Hushed with delight in the old swcot fd^hjon 
[q the thrice- eared field. Notion^ ! Thai eye was sccwllng above 

And the ^erce while ftame of the lightning came, and desd was 

her lover, [side. 

It » so tiow ag.-vin ΐ Ye liegtudge ihat a niorlal should stay at my 
Wboem I saved wheo the sea wnshed him hither, forlorn, on ake^t 

Alone ; for Zeus with his gl&4iniug bolt had riven asunder 130 

HtsshipoD Ibe wine-dark sea, and the waters had whelmed it under 
There did the rest of his meu ^ink down into iesp so^-^aves ; 
Hut be was hithcnvard swept by the stress of the winds and the 


I have gt\«c hmi hfe and my love : 1 have promised to give unto hun 

An immcrlal beinji» and day* that old age never shall dim, 

uut uncc he th&t beAieth the Acgia command&i and of all the reat 

May none m^ke void his won), τtfilιχgll^ssinfj bis hi^h behest. 

Let bim go — if 'tis JUas thai requireCb me out of tay heart to rond 

bim — 
Ova the hATve^lcs» sea ; but It is not I Eh&t will send bim. 
No gaUey with oars have I, no arms rf a trnsty crew T40 

To speed him across the long -ridged ^w«ll of the wAtera blue : 
Yet with all tny heart will 1 give to him counsel, and will not hide 
Huw be may pa^s το hSb country unbaimcd, whiLsucvci betide." 

The Guide-god, Slayer of Argus, answered her Then, a.nd said ; 
** l^ve^ so, as Ihou say'str do thou ^end him : beware ot the God. 

aisd dread 
Ever 10 kindle his tiert^eness of anger against tbine bead.*' 

Thus when the God bad replied, on the wings of the wind he de- 
And ?itraightway the Goddess hied to Odysseus the mighty -hear ted, 
because of the strait command uf the Tbundeter, Kiiij^ of the skies ; 


%it SDlys^e^ 

BOOK vj 

And the hero she foucd on the strand sitting: londly, and never hie' 

eyes 150 

Were dry of ihe teats thai streamed : his Viie\ tide etibed tn their 

flowing : 
Of lost home ever he dreamed, and hateful the Nymph was jj^rowini- 
Aad still, in his heart's despite, at eve to the βΊΟΙΙο lie ί:.[κμΙ, 
And side by ^idc thtough the night ihe loving and loveless slept. 
But rending his h«art vdlh sighs and with te^rs and with yearning 

And wistfaliy g^nug withe>es lear-diiitmed un the harvcstless main, 
Alone on The shores of the sea or the cliffs he sit through the day, 
Bui now to his side came she, and the Goddess began her say : 
" Mourn no longer» Ο evibstaned, ccnsuming thy heart : 
Full fain will I let thee go, and behold, thou shah i£tiaightway 
depart. 160 

Come then, and hew long ptankd with the axe, and fashion for thee 
Λ bioad-beanisd raft, ana high thereupon shall the dei;k-planks Iw, 
Safely to bear ther^ horn» on the face of the misly ^a. 
And i«ar not thou to famish thereon, for the taslc shall be mine 
To slore it with bread and with watct and ro^ly- blushing wine, 
1 will cltilhe thrr t%'iUi laijiieiit, and i^eiid a fair folluwiug fast; 
And so vtnhfttmed shsli ihori rome in the bTid of thy fathers at last, 
If It please the Goda that dwell m the bro:id-arched heaven, for Btill 
Stronger arc they thau I to device and lo work their Willi" 
So spake ihe, and slnveced with dread Odysseus with woes long- 
tried ; 170 
And the winged words uos^'enDgsped^ and the man to ttio Goddeee 

replied l 
<* Kay, it is sonteihirig else than a journey tlmu pkoiiesr for me, 
Who biddeSit me cross on a raft the mighty abyss of the sea, 
Terrible, troublous : not unto stately ships is it glven^ 
Swift- speeding, b> pasa it at will, lx>me blithe by the breeses of 

heaven - 
Never a raft this body against thy pleasure shall bear, 
Unless thou be wilhng, Goddess, an oath of might to swear 
That ihou wih not contrive iiur imagine new mischief agaii^st me 
there," [caressed him, 

So spake he ; the Goddess the while with her white hand softly 
And her lips broke into a smile a^ tightly she spake and addressed 
"O but a knave keen-witted thou art» all hazards among, — [him ; 
To think such a thought in thine hta^n, and to speak euch a word with 

thy loDguo I 
NowtherefoteletEaitli be svilue^t^of thiii, and heaven hi|,di -abjuring. 
And the «lunleus Styx [hat dijwn to Uitf unuerwortd goes pouiidg,^ 
MigUtiesi oath for ihe Gods everblessCd, an oath of fear, — 
That I do not contrive nor iniA^inc new mischief against thcc here. 
But the thought uf mme he'd! t, the intent of my riiiud, i&even the 
As I for mytelf vtould devise if upon mc a like need came^ [fianie 


oC t>Dmtr. 


For DOt, ah Dot lu thou thinkost, U loyal Calypso's mind, [190 

Nor of Meel in the h«arl ia Lhih bo^om of mine, but phy-trtdined/' 

So when li^r wortl^ were eitd^ii. back vvlxh a huiiied rread 
Sho MSftOd, and the hero at1«nded, following whtther ehc Jed, 
So they came to the vaulted stODC where tlie nb$ of ibo πτοιιηταίη 

wcic deft ; 
And rhe man μϊ down on the thiOtie that Ηβππβΐ so lately had left• 
iAfld Iho Ny^ph for the hero sprend sweet wine and maaitold ai«at| 
But &11 WAS of cArth, as the bread thai mortals arc wont 10 cal. 
And she sat dov^n face to face with Odysseus [lie Fodlik^T wf^bt ; 
, And by hut did her handmaids pbcp ambrosia ani noctar bright, 
'And ihcy ihoir hands extt^ndcd, of food aod of drink to partake ; 
But a^ soQii as the meal wa-i ctidedn CaIyp5D the Goddess spake; 
■• Ο Zeus" seed, sarj at J^iettcs, Odysseus of many ati utt, [ΐοο 

Is it fio, that honi« to ihints own dear land Ihou art fain to depart ? 
Art thou longing to leave me £i>ithright ?— is it so? — ay, go tn 

Bur Ο if rhou knewest what (roubles, or ever rhy wanderings revise, 
Tbou art doomed to till up full -brimmed, on the way to ihy trative 

shore, [evermore ; 

Hc^re wuuIUm iUuu tarry with mc, tijou wouldst dwdl in thU home 
I mmorialicjr thpi should be ihine, for all Ihy yearning to gaze 
On Ihac wLie of thine, for whom thou art pining through alfthy dayft. 
Surely that beauty cf hers is not so peerlessly fair 
'That in grAce sod in stately height Calypso may not ςοιιψ3Τ© : 3io 
For if women outshone ihe ImmottaU. strange of a iruih it were." 

Unto bcT did Odysseus the subtle of wit make ready reply ; 
" Ah. be not angry vrith me for this, great Goddess, for 1 
Know all full wtll : were prudent Penelope matched with thee^ 
Dim were her beauty by thine, and but frail were her form to see; 
For a mortal she is, but from death and from cJd evermore thou ait 

Bui, in spite of all, do I long, and through all my day^ I yearn 
To win to my home once more, and to look on my day of return. 
But if on the wine-dark sea any God shall wreck me again, 
t will beai il, who have in my bosom a spirit tiiurcd to pain : 120 
For many a grief and many a toil have I borne before 
Mid the suTRo of the see and the battle, — Άηά this shdl be but one 

As lie ended, sank in the wave the sun and arose the night ; 
And ih«y pa^^ through the vaulted cave to a nook secl^ed from 

eight ; 
Αλ4 Ihe ukht sped fast as the soft hours paseed amid love's dcHghl. 
When τΓΐθ Child of the Mist awoke» when the Rosy-fingered 

Amtycd m his mantle and cloak from the cave is the hero gone• 
la a silvery- shining ve;il fulbflowing, of delicate thread, 
Th« Goddess her body dressed, and her dainty girdlfstcad 


tlUe ffiDFffO'i' 


Λ f^ldcn f^irdle pressed, vid δ vcril etrotxmed i^own from her boad.] 
And now 'twas Calypso's will Co ^nd the hero away• [)3Q' 

She gave bini a broad brown bill, full meet for hts hand to sway, 
Ljraz«n, witli keen heads twaio, and a helve sve\i fitted thereto, 
Of thooUvo Vkitli taway grate, that a craftsmao with prido wou) 

Afid an ftdie well -polished sha gflve, and she led to the isle's far sidi 
Where, hard by the dc«p soa-wave, tho Ull trees stood in thi 

pride ; 
The alder, the poplar» άώΔ, high uf^ilifting its crovrn, the pine• 
Long lime sapless and dry, — ^ihey would Kghily riile over ihe brine/ 
And when she had ^hown him the spot where the tali trees swayed 

in the blast, 
Rack to her bndy grct Calyps» the Goddess paitscd. 
But he fell to hia toil by the shore, and swiftly thi work iped on, 
Until be had felled a score in alii and be lopped each one; 
And the trunks did he ^iiioctb and triJU by ad^e and i π c^k^unni; -lineal 
And augers ware brought unto him by C.ilyp*to the GoildtSH divine ;■ 
And be Dored (be timbers through, aud «ach unto other did ί;τ th«n;, 
And with clamps together he drew, naJ the pei^o ho hainmurcd to 

knit them. 
And even as wide as λ man fn the shipwrfghl'e n^^siery skilled 
A broad-beamed hull will plan, when a freight-ship be meaneth to 

So was the width of [he raft cliat he fashioned for steady sailing ; 
And he pill up the decks of the croftt lo tha clofic-throngcd ribs fart 

oailinj^ : 350 

And he finished the huU at last with the long atcakca runDtog 

aroiuid ; 
And he set up therein the mast, and the yard athwart it he bound : 
And he taahioned a hclnif to turn the crnft's head vkhilhcr he Jisicd » 
And he fenced her from stem to stem with huidle^ of osier twisted, 
Foe a shield from the dash of the bnnc ; and the ballast he piled 

below : 
And Calypso the Goddess dirine brought mantles of ample How 
To make mlo sails for hii tiaft, and cunniugly theie wron^jht he : 
And at last, when halliards and braces and sheets were lashed 

their places, 
Witli lever» no forced the raft down into the michty sea» 
So the wutk sped d^y after day, till the fourtn brought all tJ 

end ; afioT 

On the Fifth the Goddcsa away from the island the hero would eendn 
And after the bath she arrayed him in garments of perfunie divine : 
And sliins on the raft she laid ; the one w^s of dark-lTiisli<Td wine, 
And the other an ample tkin of water» and victual enow 
In α wallet» for meats within it abarLdAi>t and tfood did r^hc stow. 
And she κηι him a kindly wind that blew softiv over Ihe £ca$. 
And the hero with gladsome mind spread forth hissail Iq the bn 

BOOK ν, oE ^omtn 6y 

And he steered her deftly and welti for be bandied the tiller with 

And treacherous sleep ne'er fell on the eyes that were watchful still. 
For he kept the Pleiads in front, and the Herdman, who slowly 

doth gain [Wain : 

His rest, and the Bear, — they are wont to call it moreover the 
Ever tumiug at bay» doth it glare od Orion's falchion -gleam, 
And alone it hath no share in the baths of the Ocean-stream : — 
For Calypso the Goddess divine had bidden him still to keep 
Over his left that sign as he &red on the face of the deep. 

So seven days and ten o'er the waste of the waters he steered : 
On the eighteenth day to his ken far shadowy hilts appeared : 
Ph^eacian land were they, where the coast lay nearest to him : 
Like a shield outspread they lay in the ofQng mistily dim. 
But now the Earth-shaker espied him, on Solym^'s hills as he 

turned, 380 

When from Aethiop land he hied him : the hero afar he discerned. 
As he sailed on the face of the sea, and his wrath flamed out like 

And unto his soul spake he, and he shook his head for ire; 
" Ha I is it so, that, when 1 was afar in the Aethiop land, 
Changing decrees they have mocked me when I was not there to 

withstand ? 
Yea, and Odysseus is close by this to Phseacia's shore : [more, — 
There is his weird that he win to his goal, and be harassed no 
Nay, but he yet shall be drunk with my wrath ere his troubles be 

o'er/* [was troubled 

Then he gathered the clouds, and the face of the darkening sea 

By the dash of his three-forked mace, and the wrath of the winds 

he redoubled, 390 

As he swept them from every quarter, and masses of cloud on-driven 
Overshrouded the land and the water, and night rushed down from 

the heaven, [bitter and fell. 

And the East-wind and South rushed forth, and the West-wind 
And the blast from the skies of the north came rolling a vast sea- 

Then, with knees unstrung by his fear, as his failing heart 'gan quake, 
Odysseus, heavy of cheer, to his mighty spirit spake : 
'' Ah me I wretched am I ! what is this that at kst shall befall ? 
So ran the Goddess's words, — true, sorely I fear, were they aJl : 
For she told me of perils of waters that, ere I should win to mine 

I should pass through, and woes in full measure, — and lo, the ful- 
filment is come I 300 
With cloud upon cloud hath Zeus the broad-arched heaven overcast. 
And the sea hath he lashed into fury, and racing comes blast after 

blast, [fast< 

For the winds are all up, and destruction o'ertaketh me surely and 


'ΪΕ^ί Φϊι;'ΜΕρ 


Tbrico hAppy, aod tear tinn^Si the Danaane who long ago left their 


In l»roAd Tr<»yIanJ, as Ihey Tallied roiitjil Alreiis^ sons in Ihe sitifol. 
Ah to have died mvselff axid α gbrious file to hav« won 
Id the ilay when, defying α ho^t of the Trnjans, 1 guarded alome — 
While the hhs. of their spears shrilled sharp in mine ears — tIcAd 

Pdcus' sun ! 
Then funeral ritc& had beei3 mine, the Achxaos had pubtii^h^d my 

fame: l^io 

ϋυΐ DOW must I wretchedly peti&b i^ith neithef a tomb nor 4 oaiiic-" 

As he spalce it, a tuppfing wave oil the laft with a fierce bound 

And it burs! thereover, and drave ΪΙ through welter of whirlpool» 

awui^^, [lost 

And afflT from the decW is he tossed, and hi* hold on the ruddrr ia 
In the char^ of tho terriUe ho^ of the blasU that the whirlwinds 

confound. [sail Are cAst 

Snap! throuiih the midst is the mast, and the yard and the πιαϊτι* 
Slredrning bf^r on the bla^T, 1ΠΙ ihey splash In the surge nnd are' 

drowned. [still mocked 

Long time wa5 he whelmed down deep, for the monjiious waves 
His tail mid the swinj^ and ihc sweep of the sea as tt weltered άϊιΛ 

shocked : 
ληά tho raiment heavily bare theit was givon by the Nymph diviae. 
But at last he r^c to the ^ir, ^nd he ihe bitter biiue 310 

From his mouth , with his eyes tiigh blind with the water tm 

streamed from his hair : 
Vet still did he bear in mind hin raft, amid pain and despair; 
And Ihrouf^h dash of the surge and the tin-^y he stiuck out, and lie 

grasped thereat ; [iis he siit. 

And from duath's dutch ehrinking iiway he crouched, in tiie niid^it 
While the waves in their terrible play were toBsing it this way and 

thai. [thither 

And as thtsllo down ]i«ad£ in the fall o'er the bare fields hither nnd 
Arc toSBcd by the ^usty squall aa in cluetera thev chn^- toficthcit 
So the wild winds caught it and diave it by luaddeaing hollow ana 

CTe«c ; [to lie whirled, 

And now 'twas the South-wmd that hurled it away by the North 
And now 'rwn& the Kast that gAvc it a prey to the passionate \Vc*t. 
Dut luo Lcucolhcu the distress of the bciu hath seen, — [^30 
The daughter of Cadmus she, who of cJd had a mortal been ; 
But now mid the sea had she part in the worship of Cjodu ever- 
blest ; — [dLilrest. 
And she iniLihed him with pitiful heait in bewilderment miming 
Swift Λ% a 5*-:i-mevr's f^i^hl from nhys*;!-^ unfalhriined *;iie spt:»Tig ; 
On the rait did the s-oftly ali^ihl, uid hei voice through the niad dm 

rang : 
** Woe-worn, why i» the wrath uf the Sliaker of Eaitb apuu tbiw 


BOOK V. Of Ijomfr. 69 

So itfTiHy strrn» tlijtt his haiiil this iT^rLTilfoltl evil hath don« ihvc ? 
Nay, t-iit hr* ebull nol destroy (hw, tliougU r»ev*r 40 iuricus he Ι>θ. 
CoiHC Ihcn, do as i bid tlicc, — for wi^oiii, I WL'cn, is with IhoCi— 
Pli LiJTlbi ^aimculfi, ίϋΐϊ^ΚοΐΙϋυυ tliy ιλ!{ lu brrUiivtui try tlic L-U^tL ; 
Swim. ίΐηΙίΐΓϊς one wiih ihtTie hjintls, liil Ihy wanderings shall end 

At ihelasi 
Jn Ihe Phip-ncian land, where thy weird is to win to ihy rest, 
Lo, lake ihis immoilal νεϊΙ« and hind it beneath thy breast- 
So thai: thou get ro hurt, fear not, and thou Uiall nor be drowned. 
Bui OS 3oon as by toil of thine hands thou hast set thy feet on the- 

t'nvtrmi it again from thy body, and caiil it af;ir fr^m Ihee 
Forth la the waves from The landr :iTid look noc behind thee to see." 
ΰο spake the Goddess, and gave the veil from her trusses bright ; 
And into the toasing wave she f]«isbud in a moment froEn sight J50 
SwiFt as the white f^ea^itiew» aiu\ tile ht:ick ^weTl over her rolled- 
Bui he, τα a strait betwixi two, was bethinking him how he 

should do : 
And heavy 0/ cheer he spake of his fear lo his heart bigh'souled : 
" Ah me ■ wbst if one of Iho Gods «hontd be weaving a||[ain for rne 
Λ web of deceit, in bidding m*» leap from the raft Eo the βθ3 f — 
Siy» but 1 will cot obey, since far away to mine eyes [aoce bcs. 
Soeiiieu the Und th^t 1 saw crewhtlc, wheie she ^tth iny delivei' 
Nay, but in any wisi* Ihi^i will I do, for best it seems : 
So long an the Vail part noi, firm-knit by ihe joints oi the beame. 
Still amid pain will [ arm mc with patience, and here v^ill abide- 
Hui AS ^oon as the surgt; sliidi have sbaltered my raft with plauks 

Hung wide. [\to 

I will swim as I may, since Ϊ see naught else that may better betifie," 
Even as Odyssctis pondered wich thoughts iu confusion Tvhiilcd, 
Stiddenly niKhin^ there thundered n wavu by the Earlh'Shaker 

hurled; [hore. 

And it lowered ever higher o'erarchiag, and dire was the crest that it 
And it bowed, and it ciaiihed, and a cataract dashcJ en his head 

with η roar. 
As a wind on a chaff'heap ewet?piug to^es and flings it abroad, 
And the awns through the wild ΛΪτ leapi^ig hither and thither are 

atraweu, [striding 

So tbe planks of the raft widei^ung were scattered : but he, be- 

OiM of Ibe long beam&, duo;;, as a man on a wdd hor&e riding- 370 

- Aod he stripped from hia body tbe vest that the Goddess Calypso 

And be wound henuaih his breast tbe veil of the Nymph of the wave. 
And h« dived overhead in thasoa, and he spread out \ύ& hands aa 

to swim. 
Striking our with a manful stroke; and the Earth'Shaker looked 

upon him, 
And shaking hh head he spoke, aiui his laugh was bitter and grim : 


%^t φτιρβΒί? 


" Thus now cncompafised wUh Irovible ro wander afar on the main,. 
Tit] a respite from wqc& in the Ennd of the fnvo\ircd of heaven thoil^ 


Even so thou wiJtnot it ink Ugbtly, I wetn, of thy me-asureof paitt." 
He spaltOi and he turned hinit and kshed his coursers with πιααα' 

AndAwny unio Aeg« he«dj to hisglorioiis tpmple ^obg. ^Sa] 
But not BQ was the mind of tlie daughter of Zeus in her hero'f 

need : Tous speed : 

For she baired the winds* ways on the wAtcr, she bridlca their ΪβεΊ» 
And she aont her commaiidment forth, and she hudied ihem 8n4, 

hilkd them to sleep ; [of tho de«pp| 

And she called up a wind from the north, and it levelled the waves: 
Till Odysseus, from fate's net free, *nd unscAiH£d of black deiLth's 

Aniidftt the Fh^acians should be, the guest of tlie oar-lo^'ing folk. 

Two niiihls did he drift on the main, two days of horror and fear. 
And his heart again and agiiii beheld death hovering near. 
But when, with ihe thiid, oVr the east the iresses of morning flui^ed. 
The wind's feet utterly ceased from (heU race^ and its breathing wu, 

hushed ; 3t 

And, looking uuI keenly befcie hijn, Odys^cu^ t>vhr1d the Uud« 
As Ά mountain wavo upbore him^ and, lo, ii u'a^ nigh at hand* 
Ο flwect as the first faint ray of a falhor's rolarninji; life 
To hia children, when day after day he hath wrestled iu mortal etrilft 
With the J&5t grim foe. and in pain harh he lon^ ΪΜ«η constrained to 

languish — [an^ui&h — 

But the Gods have given him again a sweet, sweet rcflp:tc from 
So to Odysseus sweet «eented the l&nd and the wood-crowned 

"height. [might. 

Afld to trcfid thereupon with his feet h« swam with hi£ utterniost 
But when 3o near drew he that a sbout could be hoard from the 

shore, [400 

He heard the boom of the sea a& ii bnrsf on the reefs with ά ιόλγ; 
For the viEl sea-swell came tumblinf,' down with a thunder shock. 
And it crashed with a hollow ruinbiing, with sErray-rain veiling the 

No haven for ships was n^r, no road from the breakers slieliered. 
But great cliffs cowering sheofi and reefs where the mad suri^a 

And his knees were loosened for fear, and his very heart 'gaii quake. 
As Odysseus, heavy of cheer, to hJa mighty spirit spake : 
" Ah me, though Zeus hath vouchsafed me iho sight of the bnd ^X 
Beyond all hope, and the deep is by terrible toil overpast, [lut-j 

Nowhere a landtng'place from the hoary sea doth apjiear ; 
For tbe fibarp rocks stretch in a fringe outside, and ev«r I heat 410' 
The roar of the surge as tt shocks them : the smooth rock runs up 
And riaht to the base of the cliffs the water i» fathomsdeep* [sbeei 


of garner 


Horo in thnrcf no ««capo, no hold ior my Toct on the Stoep• 

\\'Κ4ΐ if Λ KTrat wnvi! uiaich mc cwnyirK to lund, and drive 

Full HU ^ jaifiiipd rock ? — Jill vain wcxr. U Ihtrn lostHvpI 

But and if I ihull sHIl vwim, coAsting along, if I haplv may r*ach 

Λ hnvun betwccrt low spits, with λ slantwise shdvinff bcAch, 

1 fear lest a tempest again nnay snatch mc 2way, and &wccp 

Heavily gioanins; for anguish afar on the lish-fraiight deep- 

Or p^ichance a God wili send sorne ravening monster on me 430 

From the soa-cavcs,— they pasture by thousands amidiit of the 

sounding sea, — 
For ί know that ihe EArth-ehnker'^ wraih ΐΐ> upon me retenilessly.*' 

ThuA a^i the hero thought, while sorely his heart mis^-ave hitn, 
Λ huge wave suddenly caught &nd fuU on the reef it dravo him : 
Then had his skm bcxiD ilayed, and }iis boits^ had been tiicjkeu Uieic, 
nui Paltas ALhend m;ide ihe heart m him sfrong to bear 
Korwafd he dnrtcd^ and dun^ to cha rock with both hnnds iasx^ 
And gasping and groaning he hurg till the rush of the billow was 

And so Ihar peril was o'er, biil the back-sweep smote him again. 
And Tccoihng reaiEtlessly bore him afar on the open main, 450 

And even as when from its cieft a poulp many-footed ye pluck, 
Many a jTcbWe is left on the irups of its snake-arms sTutk, 
So, a£ the wave-rush ripped Ιιϊε hands from their desperate hold, 
The skin from his palms was stripped, and the sea high over him 

And there^ before his houP, had Odyfiseua wretchedly perished, 
but Kallas Athen^'i power gave wisdom to hira that she chenehed ; 
He battled hia way out &ee of the surf running shoiewairds high, 
Aud iu iine willi the coast swam he, if he anywhere mi«ht espy 
Some low slant 'ihelviny twadi lym^ hack in a sheltered cove. 
And at last it hofell hun to reach, through the wave as he wearily 

strove, 440 

The mculh of a river f^ir, and be hat1e<] bis deliveiance ai last : 
No barrier of rock was chere^ but si eoveri above from the blast. 
Aod he spake to the God in prayer» as hie broad stream swept out 

fast :— 
■• Hearken, Ο King, wbatsomer thy name, for a siippbiint to thee. 
With many a prayer, from the deep and the threats of Potieidon [ 
Even the Gods imraortnl respect the supphant cry [flee. 

Of a man that <:ome^ wandcnng 10 them ; io, such an one even am 1. 
Out of tnarifold Jrouble* I cry unto thee, at thy knees do Γ bow : 
Have compassion upon me, Ο King, and respect thy suppliant now." 
Straightway the Kiver-iod stayed his flowing i the waves no more 
Toescd, but in culm were laid ; and he brought him safe to shore 
At the stream's outfalL But spent v^ajv. his strength by the fight 

with the fiea, (helplessly ; 

And bis stiong knees trembled and bent» and his arms drooped 
AtulhisboUy wba awolu allo'cr, and the brine came gush ijig away — 


H^r Φ^νΰΰΐρ of ^omff. 

Prom nostritfi and mouth did it pour — and voiceleSB and br«3thl«&f 

he Uy 
Ulteily void of ^tH'tigih, in weatiness swc>oniiig foi pam. 
Wbun hU spirit c:iriie Lack :tl length, and he bresih^d ^ilillle ji^ain, 
The veil that was round hi& breast tic unwoimd : no po^v«t htd he 
To return as she bade to the giver her gift, but nervelessly 
He drcpi it into The rivei thut riutrmviretl on lo the ^ea^ 460 

OvdT r^ple and swirl did it ehine, till Ihe sea-swell mer it; and then 
A white hand tifished frocn the brine, and the Nymph hath her own 

agaiQ. [bed. 

Then he tiirrtefl from ihe river away, and sank down on Λ soft rush- 
And he kissed the ground &s he \xy ; but heavy of heart he said : 
■■ Ah rite, what shall hefall me ? to what shall 1 come at the Ust ? 
If ill the river-bollow the couifortless eight shall be passed, 
1 fear mc the hiner frost and the chill dawii-elcw full soon 
Shil] make an end of the Ufe that is ga&pmg back from its swoon : 
Cold is the blast that with morning blows from the river, 1 ween* 
And if I should Lliiiib the slope, and pass under a wood's thick 

screen, 470 

*Neatli hushes to sleePi if the deadly exhaustion should pass away» 
And the cramping cold, and sweet sleep lulled me the while 1 Uy, 
I fear me, the beasts of the field would find me, a helpless prey-" 
So as he pondered, he chose the f hing rhat seamed to him good ; 
Afid b• slowly and wearily rose. And he spied by the nver rk wood 
Id a phicc with α clear wide vi^w ; anJ he found two olives there* 
From roots intermingled ihey grew ; one wild, one fruitful• fair. 
No winds blowing mistily-wet through thatihickcovert couid pierc«, 
Ncr the dash of theshowcr» nor yet the sun, were he never so liorcc, 
Sodcnsely the bou^lisove^ head intertwined : and Odysseus crept 460 
Underneath, and the leaves for Q bed to a broad high heap he swffpl ; 
For wealth of leaves had been shed, enough two men to screen, 
Yea, three should it hide, in the winter tide, were it never so keen. 
Aod the wue-woTit hero smiled for joy at the sight thereof: 
And he lay in tht midst, and he piled him a wnrm thicli covering 


And, as one in u lonely place that dwcllcth. a ncighbourlcM vrightfi 
Will thrust a billet ahlaze under a^hen, tu keep it alight. 
Saving A live iTc-seed, that he go not far away 
To reicindle the san^e at his iieed,- -io covered with leaves he bxy. 
Then, his ache of sore travail tocnd, did Pallas AthcnC pouj' aqa 
Sweet sleep on the c/cs of her friend, with forgetfuln^ss flooding 

him α"βτ. 

Ι90&) a prjiut0d tofnt to rbr nneiMDao!)tns. anD (jqd pitr on 

So Odysefius, tho man wou-wom, in α rc&lful slumber lay. 
Willi toil dtxd with »|«ρ oveibofEic. Bui Atbciic liieJ her uvrjiy 
To the IatkI And llie fnlk Pha^fLun ' ir £ph)rii^ divelt lh«y of did 
H>rd by the Cyclop nation, the haughty and overbold, 
\\Ίίο hftrried them day by day. bein^; migtitier in strength of hand ; 
So Nausiihous led iheni a^vav, and tbey gat them out of the laod- 
And lo ScheriB he brought them, a^ from the haunts of gra^ing^ 

foes, [city eio£^. 

And with walls to fence them from war, and with dwcl]mg:si a 
And tbe king divided the land, ;ιηιΙ faiies Ιω the GoJs did hr faisc. 
Till, stricken by fate's strong hand^ he passed lolhe iiTJseen place, lo 
And Alcinous rc;gii&d τη his slead» with the wiadoii] of heaven wise. 
And unto his palace sped ihc M^d of the Hashing eyes : 
For still in her tiecpesi Lhaiight llie rctiinj vi Odysstiis she licpt. 
And she cani« to a canniogly wrought fair chamber^ wherein rhere 
Λ fnaideni lovely of lace and of fomi as the Goddesses are, [slept 
The child of tilt: kia^ of the race» Nuusic^ia pccilcssly fair^ 
There weie handmaids twain lying there — the Graces bad given 

them u dower 
Of be«uty exceeding fair— and barrsd were the doors of her bower. 
Dul Fdjl^ih A[heiiu, li^ht as a wiDd-bteath, sEipt Lq her bed, 
And there in the silent nighi she bowed down over her bend ao 
In the ahap« of Nausicaa'Si fnend, the daughter oi Dyntoe the 8ea< 

kio^ — [wed^- 

Sy youth, by all dreams that unite young hearts, were their spirits 
So with bef dreams did she blend, and the maid's soul heard her 

speaking : 
" Jfow is It Nausica,a*s mother hath borne so careless a child ? 
Thy garments arc lying iincared for, with all their Lrightness defiled. 
And Ihy marriage is near, when thou nicst be attired in beauteous 



tEbr S>^7(ftst^ 

BOOK vt. 

And must give gay raim^Tii tt> those th&t escort the brid« on her 

Poi fiunt seemly anci br^vc ntlirc cojnrlh (iood rupori of ilu* bildtr. 
And thf hpariii of her father and mother are fOlfd with joy and 

Then let tis away to the washing as soon as the day is btf^iin : to 
And 1 will go with ihce to help, that the work may be speedily 

done, [won ; 

For the maidenhead-girdlo &hatl soon he uctiad for α sweet brido 
Seeing many PhicaciQii princes already come hither to woo. 
The sons of the selfsame Uiid whcieof is ihice owd birth ϊοο. 
Comeihea, petition ihe king thy father with earliest dawn 
That he bid them hameSB the muleti und the waggon» to c^rry 

Thy sashes aind trowing robes, and llio lug-i all brightly dyed : 
Vea» for Nnu^icaA's self it were more (or her honour to ride 
Than to walk, for afar from the townar<« the tanks b/ the riverside»" 
So when she had ended her say went Pallas Athcof haMing 40 
To Ihe heights of Olynnpusaway, whcfe ^hiiieth the home evurla^it- 

Where never the rough winds blow, no drenching: rain falls lher<, 
Nor the driftink^ pall of the snow, but ihc heavens are cloudlessly fair 
With eternal summer^glow^ and with radiance filling the air: 
There amid bliss unbroken the high Gods dwell evermore, [shoto. 
So the Grcycycdt when she had spoken, leashed to the heavenly 
Then Dawn, the splendour- throned, the bands of the maids sleep 

flundered, [wondered, 

And her beautiful raiment she donned, the while at her dream she 
And fofth through the palace she hied her, to speak to her parcntfi 

de»r, [near ; 50 

And her mother was sitting besdde the hearth w^th her handmaids 
And the purple wool did she epin. But the princess found her father 
Going forth to the place wherein the princes were wont Co gather ; 
For the lords of the land in iheir pride were awaiting him, couniteJ 

to take» [«pake: 

Dut his daughter stole to the side of the father she Joved. and she 
" Father, deai father, and cDuldsl thou not get mc icady the tar 
High-borne on its shapely wheels ? [ am tsAn to tiike to Ihe river 
My beautLlul i^arrn&ncs, to wash theni therein, for that toiled tfaeyare. 
It is seemly that ihou ihyself shoaldst wear clean raimeal, whcaevec 
Thou doat «il tn the council-chamber along with the lords of the 

And fare dear son» thou ha^t, Ihe pride of thy palace hall— 60 

There he two that have taken a wifc> there be three in Ihe bloom of 

young life — 
And in clothes fre^h^washen delight they ei'er to take their stand 
In the dance ; and it lalletb to me to take thought for the rainteat 

of all.'' 

noon \Ί> 

cf Ijomrr. 


So£pak«ebe, bat €ouId not ΓΑπίΦ her thought fif b«comlikgE 
To her fulhcr. lor very ahainc, bul tio know» «nd he gontly rolled ί 
"Ddiliiig. I ^riiilgc not ibc luulce. ncUhcr au^bt chdt hi^iac ihou 

'Go, aj)d the ser\'ing'nen shall ^«t the poUshsd frame 
Hub up on the ahnpely wheels, irtd shall nctingly harness the sftine/* 
ho be geve cotnniand to his ntcn as he sciid. ami they Mraightway 

obeyed : [70 

And the car from the stables then they drev, nnd readv ihey made ; 
And ihcy brought up the mulos to the wain, and they niracsacd tlio 

fcnm thereto. 
And ferments whose brilliant grain was of many a lovely hue 
Out o( her chamber she bore, and higli en the cai she piled. 
And her mother laid gooti ^toro of food ία a cbesi for hut child: 
And mr^Lts iliJ ithe put Ihereicit nnd wme with (limnlUislieU lace. 
Filling a fjrwil guatikiu, — -ind the maiden took her place 
On the wain, and in golden i\nsk Bhc ^'avu her the hmpid oil, 
That tbe ^trle. haviiii; eadod their td&k, might bathe and anoint 

after toil, [gay gleam, 

And ebe tO<^ th• whip, and &h« drew through her tiniijers the roms' 
Atid she Uahcil, &nd away th«y llew, and clattered the hoofs of the 

team. 3o 

On, vHthom «tint or stny, tbe maid and her raiment thpy hare. 
Not fliooo, but through all the way her companions her handmaids 

were. [ful stream, 

And when they were come to the river falr-t^owing with beautt- 
There were cisterns brimful ever, and gushing with laughter -gleam 
The water upwellad from bolow, it was pure and abundant enow 
To wash the foulc&t white, lie they never so grimed to the sight» 
And there ihey nnh;itnmed the ti^in from the wjiin, and let them 

go ; Iffrass growing 

And thoy drov^ them alooc by the stream, to gr&zc on the sweet 
13y the wrinkled whirl and the dimpled swirl of tbe Hood Jairdlow- 

ing- [90 

Then «Ach aweet maidtrn with iirms fuU-laden came from the watnt 
And each c^ni djwn bur lojid whore in shadow ttie water Howcd, 
And the clolhfrb in the dsteinb they (rode« in nvaliy loitin^ amain. 
And after the maidens had washed all stain and defii^ment away, 
Tbey took them and spread them each after other arow on tbe 

Wbeie, by &weeμ \ίΪ the tide updasbed, thei τϊιΐβο of the shingle lay.j 
And they bathed, and with glossy gleam of the oil did their tx>diefl-1 

shine : 
Thereafter beside the stream they sat them down to dine, 
Waiting until the sun i>hauld have dried the doilies on the shore. 
And so, when the meal was done, and the joy of the feast was o'er, 
They tossed their veils away, aad at liall they fell to play, too 

And the white-armed prince»» led the sport with \ rhythmic ch,-int : 


Utif CDtif'flsirp 

nciOK VT, 

And tti« smtdy grace of her hend wat as Kere whose whiu f«ei 


W«h *ihiiftilbat leflp after [he flight of the bo^r and thr rtippied 
deaft [side, 

While the daughters of him whose shield is the Aegis sport at hor 
Thi^ beautiful itymphs of the TielJ, and Letobehulds her with pride '. 
Aad by face and by radiant head above ths resi is she tall, 
And, where lovely js evety one, chey are all by her outshone ; 
So did the maid unwod oatshine her handmdds all. 

Bitt when it was time that a^dn thoy should fare on the home- 
ward way, no 
And should haTQ«ss the nmles to the wain, and should fold the 
Atherti the flashing-eyed had anothar purpose then, [eafments gay» 
That Odysseus shoidd wa.ken and ^^Λζβ on Ehe maid of Lhe beautiful 

And thai she should be his guide to the town of Phaacian men. 
It was then that the princess losMd the ball iinto one of her girla. 
But it missed her, and lo, it was losl in the river "^ eddying swirls ; 
And ioudly they thrieked thereat, and the hero awoke with a s(an ; 
And he ruse, and poJidcrinii sat, as he spake lo himself in his heart : 
** Ah [t:ti, whiL manner of men sHaII 1 firid ti; this «liaiigc place 7 
Are they ravage of mood and biuta!, a justice- scorning race, tao 
Or folk that be kindly to strangers, that reverence the Gods on 
high? [ouicry, — 

'Twns bitt now thai around me there pealed as of maidens a ringitl^ 
Surely of nymphs, that hanni the precipitoi:s crests of the hills. 
Of the grassy reaches of meadow-larid, and the fountnin-nll^ I 
Or perchance 1 am nigh onto men, the children of earth that be: 
Go to now, I will myHelf make trial thereof, and scc^'" 

Thus as Odysseus spake^ he crept from the copse-wood dente: 
But or ever he left the brake, bis broad hand snapped from thence 
A boLigh leaMadeUp to hide his nakedness from sight : Γ130 

And as comes from fh^? monntitin-side a Hon in pride of his might, 
With his hide from Ihe rain rough-staring and blown by the wind, 

but hia eyes 
With a terrible fire axe glaiin^, as swiftly he comes to surprise 
The kine, cr the sh^ep, or the deer, and his hunger mnketh him 
bold, [built fold; 

Λ& ho prowls for the flock, to draw near to the fence of the strong- 
So did Odysseus pass from (he covert, and set his face 
Toward Ihe maidens, unclothed as he was, for the man was tn dee- 

pcrate case. 
Dut terrible did he appear, with the sca-scutn fouled all o*cr; 
And scattered they ran in thcli fear to the sand-^pils fnn^ing the 
But Aldnous' datighter remained alone, for Athene gave [shore. 
A sfurit her limbs that sustained, and α hciart nnblenching and 
brave: 140 


of ^οπιπ. 

And facing him thus £hu stayedT and OdyescQu pondered there 
Whether, cl;Lspmg the tjcaulifiil maid hybcr knees, he should utter 

hif^ praypr, 
Qr gheold hold him aloof, yet with prayer inclining her heart unto 

pity, [the ciiy. 

Should petition for raiment to wear, and should ask of the way to 
And ihus45 he pondtictl, weighing Siidi Lounsd, ihisseemal guod, 
Frotn afar to address hur, prayiri^ comp;&s^ioEi, aloof as he stood, 
Lc3i, clasping her knees, hesfiooldstir up wrath in the heart of the 

Ana lowly he hicelt unto her, and with wise words gently he saM '. 
" I bow the linec unto thee, U Queen, be ihou moria) or god- 
If so be thou art one of the Deathless Chat dwctl in the sky-dcRic 

IvTtiad• 130 

Lik«fST chou Άΐΐ unio Artemis, daughter of Zem, I ween, 
In the inaicaty of thino huighti in the charm of thy fitately πτϊοη. 
Bui and if thou be ouo of the morub ihM dwell on the lace of the 

Thrice happy thy father must be, and the mother who gave thee 

birth: [they see 

Anil the hcan& of thy brolhersi methinks. when a blossom su fair 
Float on (he breath of [he daace, nmst glow with delight for thee, 
happy beyond all othei^ the heart of the man, 1 ween, 
Who AnaW win thee by gifts for his own» who shall take fci his 

household's ijueco. 
For never su<:h morul as thou have 1 seen in all my days. 
Nor man, nor woman ; and reverence Tills me the while 1 gase. 160 
Only once by the Sun-god's altar in Dclos 1 chanced to espy 
So stately a shaft of a paJm that gracefitlly grew thereby,— 
For thither I came on a time, with a goodly array behind me. 
On a Journey» where many an e\il hap was destined to find me, — 
And c^'en as I marvelled, to whom it never had fallen to see 
Ere then, frftin Ihc bosom of earth uprisiag so goodly a tree, — 
Even ^o with astoniad amizc do I I<K>k on thee^ peerless niaideni 
Not daring io touch thy kncea, who with trouble And sorrow am 

Yestieen, on the iweniieih day. I escaped from the sea at last ; 
So lone w:is I hurled by the billows» and <lriven by the passionate 

olast 170 

Prom the Isle of Ogygi^i ; now hath a God cast tne hither aaborOi 
Doubtletis to sufter a^in, for jDany a sharp pang more 
The Goda will give me, 1 trow, or over my troubles be o'or> 
tl«vc pity upon mc, Queen : cut of ιη?ιοϊΓοΜ woes αυτό thee 
Fiif^t of all moriaK 1 come, and I woi nul who Ihey be 
ThAt dwfll in thf city and land ; they are all unknown unto rnc 
Show 111C the town, and f;ivc nic a covoriof^ round me to tlinR, 
If pcrcliancei a«thou oftni'st, sonic wrap of the linen thou hither 

didftt bring. 


itljf 33D5pflfif? 


So may the Gods unlo thte whataoc'er thoj deaitest ^oid, 
The love of a husband, ά hrinm, and thta union of hnppy Accord ^ iSo 
For of all K'^cxl twinge ibey bf?etow, this blessing dotb f^T excel, 
When the husbftod And wife wiih hearts in loving agreement dwoU 
In d house : there is jealou&y-pain in the soul oi κάΛ cnviou» foci 
And their friends Arc glad; — but the depth of iheir bltss (hey only 

may know.*' 
Then in reply unto him the white-armed priocesa began : 
^* Stranger, thou seemcst neither Ά wicked dot wieUss man» 
Tis Olympian Zeus that to ;lII their portion of blessings dolh 

To the just and the unjust too, unto each man aflcr his plc^^iirc ; 
And Ibovj must ctiduro thi» thing, for doubtless Ί\& given of his 

But now, masmuch άά ihou thuB art come lo our uty and Und, 190 
Raiment sball nut be ttcnicd thee, not whatsoever beside 
He claiinelh of ri^hl thai comeih a suppliael Iroitbte-tried- 
I will potcit thee the wav to the town, and the name of the ibJk will 

For Iwliold. Fli&adans are lh«y In the cStr and country that dwcJl ; 
And I am AldnoLi^^ daughter, iho child of the ktng of the land ; 
And the might and the power of the folk Phnadan li«a 10 hifi 

Sliti :«pake, and slie lifted h^ vcncOi «nd abo cHod to hex roalds aa 

ihuy ran : 
''Tarry, my handmaidens, why do yo β«ο Μ the siffbt of & m^o ? 
What, do yc deem him a foe ? 1 tell you, there oreatbc» cot the 

wiKht. [to fi^'hr. 

Neither shall beat all, that shall come to out land with her people 
ΓοΓ dear to the god& arc we, and afar from the nations we dwell 200 
Ringed round with the multiiudinovis wa^h of the bioad sea-B^>uell, 
Ι1Ί the uTiermosl parts of the earth, and her iral^ckers come noi 
BuE this xs a haplc^ wanderer, misery-driven here. |ηοΛΓ- 

Ilini niust we kindly entreat ; for the poor and the strangers are all 
Children of Zeus : that ye give them is hies:, l>e it never so small- 
Then hasten, my maidens, and give lo the siranger 10 eat arrd to 

And wash him under the lee of the wind on the river's Ijrink,'* 
Thcrn the handmaidens siotxJ and cried ία eadi ctbei, "C<m»e! 

foar not Ϊ " 
And tliey led htm dowB to the fiide of the stream* to a sheltered 

sput, 210 

Ai Nau^caa gav? command, the child of the kiog of the land. 
And a tunic thor« did ihey place, and a robe for Odyueus to don ; 
And tieside ihcm upon the srass α f^oldoo oil-cnigc shone. 
And Lht?y lude hhit wash where Ihe flood of the be^iutiful livcr ran . 
BuE Piiiidst ctf The niaidens slcoil nnd spako thr goclIiWft man t 
'■ Handmaids, 1 pray you to stand aloof, tUl i waeh the soil 

αοοκ VI. 

of ^omrc. 


or ihc brine hotn tay ^bouidccs inyMtlf, ind ADoint niy body with 

oil ; [wa^, 

Kor long batb my slcm beta vat^i^kta ; bm b«Cor« you 1 will not 
For to mjiko me linked in roftidea»' sight doth my spirit abash." 
Su did he »p«ik, and tbcy went, Λού Uiey tuld the sca^ktng's 

di).ighteT. ^90, 

And hm back oil brtnobeepreat he Iftved in the rivar water : 
Ααύ over (ba aaJt th^t cUvo to hi» shouldera the iitt^ni he duog. 
And tli« slimy oou^ of tbe wave from hla hair wiib hi» fingeri^ he 

wning, [anointed ; 

So h« waehcd him from hand to footi and with odoroua ού ho 
And about bim the laimcnt be put that the maiduu'i» caie h^d 

And staieliex Ungtb of limb and goodlier breadth of frame 
Did Λthen1^ bestow upon him, th<) Gcxiilcss οί Zeus that came; 
And down from his bead (here stieaincd the wealth of lii* wavy 

bair, [ran* 

Like the hyacinth^ blossom it seemed, with its hue of the purple 
And cvca as a craftsman wise that Hephx5tU5 and PaEla^ liavc 

taught Ϊ30 

Full many α cunning device, of whose hands rare treasures ara 

wroufcbt, [caic, 

With the sheen of the gold overspread will a veasd of silver cu* 
So ϋπ hh vhuuUer» ituJ head did Atbeiiu puur down (fiuc-r, 
Th«n did he turn him aaide, and down on the »ea «hore sal. 
Radiant ία grace and in pride of beauty : the maiden thcrc^at 
Morrdlcd, and tliu» r^he addirvtcd her handmaids bca Lit J fill 'Itcseed : 
" Hearken, my wbiie-anntd ntatd^ns, to me. Λπά my though! will I 
It ia not af^omtt the will ci th« Uode in Ulympus that dwell [lell : 
lliat yonder man in the land of the godliku Pnstacians is seen ; 
I'm be wKiiicd cicwIiiIl- uuIu ijic uiicomel)r of favour and mran, «40 
But now ii bi? bkt» to the God^ thai dwell in the heaven-dome wide. 
I wufu Uniii ilmi Λ man such as he might on<» day call me bis bridd 
Some iiidu in my country that dwetls— and that here be were willing 

to tarry. 
But meat ana drink to the ttrangcr do ye, my handmaids, carry." 
So to her maidens ubc apakc, and they heard her behest, and 

obeyed: Liliey ΙλϊΗ. 

And ihe mrac and the dnnk did thry take, and before the hero 
And with ravenous haste began Odysseus thereof to «at : 
For 'twaa long since the woewora man hod tasted the savour of 

meat. [maid : 

But now I0 nnothffr rare hath &he turned her, the white-armed 

And iho loldeth che garments f^iir, and all on the wain hnth «ho laid. 

And they harnc-^^L'd the mules to the yoke, and abe mounted, apart 

(tarn UtT^ leat. ihrr hreftst: 

And then lo Odysseu^H s1i4^ fipoki?, giving words to the thought of 
" titranger, anue ; to tl^e city £0< 1 will ebow tliao tba way 


U6e fiDuf'tfOi!» 


To the house of my fAtber the wise souled king, aud ihcie I say 
The noblcsl <jf ali the Phsacian folk slialt thou see with ihineeyes. 
But this do thou — for ii seemeth to me thou ail nochtog unwise — 
While yci we shall paas through the fields where the loils of the 

husbandmen arc, [car 

So long stiiy ihoii by my matdi^ti», una follow the mnlee and ihe 
With whatso speed thou mayst ; ard the way myself mJl show, 
Dui when we draw ntgh to the city, — around it a wall doth go 360 
With toweis embattled ; on cither haud is a havt^n fair 
With Λ narrow approach betweeri, and the shapely ships lie there 
t^inginp the road : each man s in a «v&rai dock doth ride ; 
And there is Poseidon's faoe, with the nimrket on either side. 
Walled by colossal stones that aie deeply embtdilef.i there. 
And as for the folk of the land, ship-craft is iheir only care; 
For twistiug of cables and smoothitig of oars are the arts they 

know ; 
Naught do the sons of Phaeada reck of the quiver and liow ; [love, 
But the mail and the oar and the graceful hne£ of the f;alley tbcy 
And over the hoary sea in Chose they dehght to rove. 370 

Now I abriuk iiom the bitter sneers of the ptioplc, lest ere long 
They mock me, seeing my folk are eiireeding hold of ih&ir tonglM- 
Aod perchance one worse than ih& rest shall neet us upon the way: 
* Lo now ! who is this — this stranger/ inathtTiks I hear him say, 
'Thai follows Nausicaa? — comely, 1 ween, and tall is he I 
Where hath she lighted upon him ?^'tis doubtless her hn&band to 
Is it a shipwrecked wight she hath nude her companion hcrot [t>0• 
A maQ from α far-away lard, because there are no men near ? 
Or perchance some God loug wooed hath descended to iah« her to 

wif», [dav« of hor life- a^ 

And the love that hath answered her prayers shall be tmc all the 
'Tia belter, foi^oolh. that gadding about for herself &he should 

Hghi Islight, 

Od a hutband of outland race, for her counCrymcn all doth she 
She had many a princely suitor, but lo, they arc miughl in her sight ! ' 
So will they s^y, and the tauut anJ the sJiecr upon me *iil] they 
Yea, and indignant were I, were another to do such a thing [fljnff. 
As to recklessly mingle with men, in her father's and mothers 

Or ever their hands be united in wedlockjn all men's sigbt> 
Now therefore give heed to this word of mine, to the end that my 
Tlie sooner may send thee borne, iulhlltnji thy heart's desire: ^sire 
Thou ahalt find a fair grove of Atheni anigh to the way ihou art 

Λ popUf'^rove, and a meadow «round, and a fountain flowing. 
And there is the park of my siro, with its fruiCiLil pleasure ground : 
And if title should shout fiom the city, thou iheoLC mij^ht'st cut^li 

the soLird. 
Tiure fiit thou down, and tarry awhile, till we shall bo gona 


of tjoiiifr. 


Into the vlij, Λΐιό imto th« house of my sire ehaH have won. 
When ihou ihtnlc^i^t tbnt wo mtisl Ιό Ihero, thou bhall enter the 

For Atcinoini' palirr, ttift h^ll of ihr king, my Tiigli^tooled slrft 
Full e^isy it is to be kooum,and λ babe might in i^ooth he thy guido; 
For no Phocacian inAnsion can match with the stately pride 
Of the house of Ihe hcru-kinK- But thou, whcrn ihy feet sliall bavu 

romr 300 

Into the court, ocd under tha shadow of that proud domu, 
Hnntily pass through tbo hall until thou iihalt como to the place 
Whetii duclh my mothcT Uuadp the hearth in Ibt ruddy blozr, 
Sptinung the yarc s«A<pufpie^a marvel 10 \o6\< on \% it — 
And tihc tcsuneth aj^^et a pilbr ; beliind hv^r :hv haEidmaid^ sti. 
And thero b the throne of my father set, whereon at his ease 
He sittelh and rjuutTeLh the ν/ϊπυ as a Gud in ihc mid^I cf lhas& 
Howbeit by hJni ^^It ihou pass, and thine hands sh;iU encompass 

the knees 
Of cuf moihcf ; and so shah thou ?>pcsdily see with fejoking the d^y 
Of thy homeward 'ryiurn, although ihy cuuiitry lie fat away. jir* 
Fot ebouldfit ibon nnd grace in h«r eight, good hope ehall be thino 

once more fshorc."* 

To t-ch'jM ihy fricnd&tindtoconie lo thine home and thy F^lhcfland 

Thus when she had spoken, her team she touched with thr κΗϊη- 

ing thong ; [along. 

And they parsed from (he sunht stinam, and lig^htlr thoy ambled 
And the mules with skill did she tcin, Ihat her car sliould not out- 
The nifm and the dnm^el-lraioi and sbo hcedfuUy handled the whip. 

And the &un went down, and lo» they came to a grove most fair 
Sacred to Pallas ; and so the heio ^j:ιt diiwn theie. 
And he cried to the daughter of Zetis, and besought her to b«iirken 

his prfiyer : 
'* Hear mc, ihou child of the Ae^is-beareTi luiwearied Power I j2o 
Hearken in any wise now, who Sunt not hear in the hour 
Uf my dupwreck, what time the Eanh-shak«r oerwhdmed me 

amidst of the sua. 
Giant that Pli^eatiia'a ptuple ιιιλυ utjw show kindnesa to lue.'* 

So did he speak in prayer, anif P^lla^ Aihene heard^ 
Bui fihv did not appear to him th«re manifested, because she feared 
Her fathei'i brother ', for dure was th^' wrALh in his sool that burned 
Against Odysseus befofe 10 the land of his aires he returned. 


Ι?οΐο φΐ^ι^ϋΰηΐΰ tm\c tmto rbc httUfi ot ttt ^a^living. 

THEHE In hi§ nt-eu ilius prayeil OdysBQUS tl)5 maa loU-Vum. 
But on το the city ibe maid by to• Btren^h cf ih• Uttt» 


And when she was come to the fair royal pftUcc of gloiigua fiimc. 
S^io halted iho mulc'team there, and her brorhers aroiinri her came, 
Each one like an tmniortal : the beasts chev imhamjassed. atid bate 
In through the stalely portal the raiment clean and fatr. 
But the maiden her chamber sr>aghi. and therein was there kindled 
By Eurymedusa, brmtght o^erseis tong aj^o for her sire [a fire 

Oot oi Apeir^-Lind, when the sh^s came back from a raid« 
For thereaficT the wurrior-band had chosen the captive maid lo 
As a prize for itie kJiii; ibcSi lord, wham all the Ph^acian f<Jlk 
As one of the Godi adored, and hearlcened with awe when he spoke. 
So it fell that the captive maid was the nurse of his wbite-armed 

By her was the supi>er laid, and theluandson the hearth were piled- 

Then rose Odysseus to ^o lo the lown^ but Athene's care 
Made round about him to flow a veil of misty air, 
Lest any Phx^^ian Ahould Juucrt him, aa nigh to tlic city he came. 
AdiI with «cufTiny words should ^eet him, and ask of his nation 

and name. 
But or cv^r the hero's foct in the lovely town might stand• 
Did llitt ijrey'Bved Goddeu meet hiui . Aibcirc was bajd at tuuid 20 
In lh« i.bape of Λ maidin thai bare η pitcher upon h« hiad. 
And Ghe stood in front of him th^re. and Udy&eeuB th« ^odlikd £aid : 
" Prithee» my child, wilt thou iciuac mc 10 wh^ic the palace doth 
Of Alcinoua, lord of ihc laud ? A woe-wnrn strani^i.T am Τ [lie 

Frotn a fnr^awAy shore who am come ; and all ntiUnown unto ΐπ« 
Ατό the men thai dwell in the town and the ticlds thai nrottnd it be>" 

Made Auswer to him Athcnt:, the Goddess oi fUshmg cye« ; 
" Father strangrrr, the house will 1 show thee whereof thnn enquire 

est : it lies 

»οκ νπ. 

^ijr 0WS€tP ύΐ 5?omfr. 

Hard by my noWc btbor s. But paa& thou in «iloacc oa— 

1 will ^uiflf: ibce — nor look thou on any mmi : M^k lUuu ^uc^elou of 

non«- 30 

For Αβ for the men of the dly^ no lovers of sir&ngers they ue, 
Nor give they kindly wcIcork; to any that come from ai&i. 
In ibc ^ifU of ibc BaiCh'Shakcr trust tbey ; m tk-el shii>s uv«r the 
Pass they ; and svHft ns a ^ving or a Ihoiifihi ilieir galleys be-" (sea 

Thusos Alhenu rephe<lt ^he lurnet), and the way she led 
Il^tily on» and he htcj him close oXi llic God^ics? s 1rcad< 
And none of thcii c<jm:n^ was warei ibiongh the midst of the lowQ 

as they passed ; 
And, for aU the thousands there, no eye on OdyEseiis was coat ; 
For the bri|£ht 'hatred Goddess dread nuucred not that this should 

bef^l): r^tl. ^r» 

Bui a mist dirin^ had she shed o'er her friend, to conceal hint from 
And Odyvseua wonderinf^ stares at the havcna with myriiid ihronj; 
Of aliips. And the market-squaics, and iho rampjirt;» JoELy and lonj; ; 
Λ marvel to ««« were th^^y. with thf-'ir pakisadtf-tiTcuLHtworli cmwnrd. 
But u/hea Ihey ^λeτe come on their way to the hin^'± house for- 

" Lu suan^cr, thi^ is tlic palace whereof thou h^ut asked of ntt" 
The Goddess hegan * " hpaven-fosttred priaces h^rrin *hall ihou 
BAiiiqiietin^'. Enter, and h^^'e no fear: *t\& the hravc that are [suu 
Masters of mtUt and they proep«r, though strangcra they be from» 

alar. [name; 

First in the halls shnit th[ju rome to the qoeerir whom Arutu they 
And she fprnnt; from the selfsanio sires whereof Aldnous came* 
First was NAUsilhoias got by ihe cftnh-shakint; Lord of ihe &ea, [50 
Pcribcea the mother th^T bEiie hmi, — tlie f:iirr-s[ of women was she: 
And ihe youngest daughter she was of Eurymedon mighty- soul ed, 
Who reigned tn the olden time o'er the giants, the overbold ; 
Dut destruction He brought on himself and his folk overweening of 

yore : 
Even her did I'oscidon embrace, and a vert unto him «he bore, 
Kausithous mighty hearted» who ruled in I'huracia once. 
Khex^nor^ Aldnous, tlie^r Nauiiithous be^it» hiti itona; 
But the lirstby the Lord of the SiU'er Bow In hie bridal bower 
Was smittrjn, and left no eon to Mt on the throne οί tih power. 60 
One cn)y daughter he left, and Alcmous married her llicn, 
And honoured, as never was wife levcitd among eaith-buin men. 
She was not as the women are, to their lords 10 objection who 

But ab« had heart-worship of him. yea, so is she honoured now 
Of hti siiins and her husband, yea, aod of aL ihi: petiplr, 1 ween ; 
For when through the city she poeth they joyfully hail their queen ; 
And, o,b though 'twere it uoddess that passed, with awo stand 

ga^inK round; 
For a noble soul in tier and on excellent spirit axe Umtiu : 


ΐΕ(ΐί Φ^^^αζ? 

Yea, even the men she setlcth at one, when quarrels aHso. 
Nuw (herefnic. if so it befall ihal tliciu iind i^race tn her eyes. 70 
Good hope ^bill be thine to behnid thy frieruls, and again to come 
Uack to the latid oi thy futhcts^ bade ta thine hi^h roofctl home." 
ΰο spake she, and KiidUenly parsed from his sight as a breath oi 

Ilie wind, 
0'«T the hurvt^llea& tie^ 'lyiny^ f^ist ; and sh& Itfl fair Schuria bvhiiid. 
And she cumie; nnto M^tratiioifs ptam, and tJ Atiiun£» the bioud- 

waycU tuwn; 
And shv entered the mighty fane υΓ Rrechtheiis of old lenown. 

And Odyes«us held on hie way Eo the pakce ; hut ere he pressed 
The brass on Cbic threshold thut lay, strange thoughts arose in his 

bica^t : 
For with radiance as of the sun or the moon chat walkctb in light 
The house of Akmoas ^hone over all lEs stately hoight^ So 

Fair sitctchcd Ihc brazen walls, till within they were lost to the view, 
Flanking the stately bulla, and oioiincl was a cornice of blue. 
There were golden doors within, that massy pile to enclose ; 
And piUflTE of silver sheen on the brazen threshold rose. 
And of ^Iver tbe lintel's pride, and the handle-ring wn.% of gold : 
And dogs werfi on either side of golden and silvt.-r Eiiould; 
Tht palnt'C'^ warders wt^re they, which Hcpha^^tui with tmif^ical skill 
Wrought Co continue for ^ye, b«ing deathlc^^ and ngtilesb tiiiH. 
And scats nW round the walls upon either side were anayrd 
Fioni the doors fai down lluoii^h the halh. and robc^ thei«uv«r 

were laid, ^ 

Dnintily woven fine, the labour of woman's hand. 
And there at the feast and Un: vdae ϊ.ά{ the lurd» of PbAaciftn Ifljod, 
With their cohl(?ls crowned throitgh the whole yena^t rouo<!, 4i 

princely band- 
There* each on a pedostftrs heiglit, άΐά golden «latuos stand 
Uplifting torches bright, ^o thai many a tuddy braod 
Was flinging a hIajEo of light on the banqueting 'throng through lb# 

And Itfty handmaids plied their toils through tbe mansion wide : 
Thcic were Aomc at the ί^υεπι tliat were ^rindin^ the grain with ite 

appleblooni : [at the loom. 

Tlieie were uome that the yarn were winding, nnd ^ome that pnccd 
Ac<I their restless ungers soemed as though leaves of a popUr 

twinkled ; too 

And adowu from ib«it doae web ^Creamed the oil thereupon that 

was sprinklcdH , 

For, a» for the men, theie dwsU on the carlb noue cunning as Ihcy 
Over the great wa-swell to speed the ship on ber way ; 
And the danghtnrs of ih^I lard «till ivirpjj^s all other, to whom 
Athene hftth given rare skilJ in the Ivcciiitiful workn of the loom• 
And hatd by the doois withoui wa^ an orchard slielLliiug wide• 
Four acrir£, and rour^ about was a fence upon every ^de. 


Λϋά Ihc fdt e^rth Μ iht root of nun> a till tree there. 

TUc Appleai^e, lovi^]v uf fruit, IhL' porip^iriinaiir-iree. and the pear. 

Anil ih« llg Mk'ilEi its mil »weoi tastev ^"^ tho siJvcry ohve'ii pride. 

No hti^ln i:v<:r cotiiuth to watte their fruit ; nor in ?iu(iinier<ti<l« 

Nor yet III Elic wiiilL'i it fdjb^ buL ^uflly si^lia i?veniiore 

Tbp hrrnth of ihe we^rprn gale*; ihat fairy orcharJ o'er. 

H«ro blossoms nro blomngt arid ihcro, iruits j-rowing. aad tber«, 

ripe store ibloom. 

There in ργ-λγ λΓι^γ prsr that iidlows^ new clusters (hat aye gather 
Fresh applr^ «ucfccditig tlidr fellows, n«w ngs in the oJd ngs' room, 
Attd tber«f if; a fruitful plot witli vines set row upon row, [i^low. 
Wherein is λ warm clear»} spot thitX is parched hy Ibe sirone sun'e 
There chistrrs aredtyiiiK: liiit yonder areiyinj^j the hi^apsrhaE grow 
Ever bigbcr, the while they are flinging tho spojl into briskets be- 
low. 120 
AdJ yoader again they are Crcadmg the wmef;it ; And, right before. 
Setting grapes thpii blossoms are siie<l"iing, and others are darken- 

iog o'er. 
And thorc by the last vine-row trim garden-beds are seen 
Where the ftowt^rs through the long year blow, where the berbH for 

ever are gr«eit, {gArden-dose 

Two fountains are Ehere cvur-pla^hing: this ΙΙεϊθΙβ through the 
In rnany Ά runD<^l fSasbing : but that ia the palace goos« 
Passing benr.vilh thcr i^^tf . anil the townsfolk drink thereof. 
Such are the gifi^. th^tt the great Gods gave to the King that they 

Lous lingered OdysEcuSi lost \a wonder, as round he cast 
Hlfteres; and h« s«emeJ asonethAtdreanW, rilU«aied«t last, 130 
Tho shining threshold he crossed, and iMo the palace he passed. 
And their lords snd their mighty men he beheld at the banquet 

They Wi^rp pourinp lihatioos then to the mighty Argus-slayer : 
'Twits the last libanon ci n])^ ere they turned them unto their rest. 
Dut on throvi^h the stately h«ll Odysseus the godlike pressed. 
With [he mi^X cncoinpn^sed around Ehat Atheut^ al>out him hiid 

Tdl the qiisen Ar£tf he found, and beside her Akinous her lord. 
At the knec^ of Ar£tii he Ixjwed, and aroimd them his arms he 

ίΐηηβ 1 
And gone was the magic cloud that about Ids body had cbing. 
And a great hush fetl on the hull as they saw iht^ hero there ; 140 
And they ga^ed, and they marvelled all. Uitt Odysacvia i>egau his 
•' Aritf , child of RhexiriGT iha godlike pnnce of the seas, [prayer : 
Out of manifold troubles t come to thine husband and unto thy 

Ami to these thai be h^queting here, unto whom may the high 

Gods give 
Ifleeeing, and length of days, and chtldran to whom they shall leave 


q:^e 2Dt3^00cr 

BOOK vn. 

Tbeir wealth in tbi^ir palac« hatU, and the honQvirs the people 

bestow : 
BuL ! iJtay joti, help uil• hence, Ihui awuy lo ruy home 1 may go 
Willi speerl, for afar iroin my frienrls am 1 s^ilTtfriTig woe upon woe." 
bo when bt^ h^id end^d. \o^ in the a^liee lakinf; nis ujac<» [ij^u 
He sal by iho hearth's r«d glow ; ftiid none spatce word for a ttpace ΐ 
Till after a long lime spoke HchenAiJS llie gruylxratil hoar. 
The oldest of all the folk tlifll dwell on Ph;pflcia'fi shore, 
Elloq^icnt ever in word, and In wisdom siirpassiog tho rosi ; 
And his heart with pity was slirredi and the lord of the land be 

addressed : 

■> Aldni^Lifi, not for thine honour is this, neither seemly i« ii, 

That a KTran^cT low on the ground on the hearth mid the ashes 

shoLild sit ; 
Bui λ\\ tlipsp tarrying wait For the wnrd thai thoii shall reply. 
Come now therefore, and lift up the stranger, and eeat him on hifih 
On A silver -stud dad throne, and command thfit yet once more 
The henchmen miugic Ihc wine, Ihul we a libation may pour 160 
IJaia Thunderer Zens, who tiketh the suppliant under his care ; 
And then let thu stewardess i^ive him Co eat of the bent of her taro/^ 
When tho mighty hta of tiic laud hoard that, it wis good in bis 

cyoa i [wise. 

And he stooped, and he took by the hand OdysMus the crafty and 
Out cf Iho ashes to raise him, and eeiit on a ehinin^ throne• 
And L&odama3 yieldetl his ptacci the j^ood kinj^'a ^Uant eon, 
Whoetlll sal near him, and held him deAr atiove every ons. 
And the bHghl apring-water was brought by A maiden, and poured 

from a cwcr 
Golden, l^eautifol'wroughl, into lavex of ^Ivcr pure. 
To wash wilhnl, and she spread a lable of polished ^hoen 170 

1^ his side, atod served was Eho bread by the stewardess mod^t of 

And with mcat^ she covered it o'er, ^ivin^ freely of all her store. 
And Odysseus of woes long-tried ate bread and dnmlc of the wine. 
And then to the henchman cried Alcmou^. hero divine : 
" Pontooous, mingle the ItowI, and iienr of thu wine once more 
To each fieveral guest ; for iinw a libation to Zeus will we |X3ur, 
The friend of the friefidle^s strangers and iiU that conipuuiOD im- 
So Pontonous mingled and tilled up the wine that doth gUdden 

the soul, [bowL 

And they served; then lirsi each spilled the ucrlfice-drops from the 
But when they had poured th•^ hbatLon and drunk, and were satis5ed. 
Then to the lords Phd^acian the lunj' Alciooua cried ; [180 

" Hearken to mo> ye priu<'r* ^ηΛ lonlH of Pha^iiciftn land. 
That eo 1 may »ttor tho worda that mine heart in my bf«ut doth 

Ngw that the banquet is dose* tun: each to your rest, going home- 


Tq-ihottow n\<itn ahnW the eld men .ill to our piiUf:n come : [Ινυπι 
Thnn will Wfi wpkome our ^i^sl in our hati* : Eair victims ihall 
To the Uodu: wo will thou lake thought for Ihc 5tTa]:if(cr'5 home* 
return. [care, 

Tlul witJumt nmie linnlship ot ical lie may f;o, %pm awity by our 
With Kp««d and wtUi joy to Kie Und of hi* f;ith«E, how distant 

AdJ be vQjted in tho space between by no more aorrow or ρωπ. ι go 
Till tli« day «rheo his fcei shall sTacid οτι ΙιΪ4 full i^bnd- soil ugatn. 
And there shall he eufTer hie weird» which the Fates» the Spiocers 

Iq Ehe houi wheo bis mother bare hinit span with hb nalal thread. 
But if ^e he ore of ihc Gods that down from l^e sky haih de- 
Herein there is some r^ew thing i:>f the HeftveD-abiders intcndod. 
For fllway rh*! GoiU eie this have been wonf lo appear to our eyes 
ΪΓΙ their own bright shapes, as we offer the hecatomb-sacrifice ; 
And they ail m ihe self same place, and they ieast with us» each oa 

his throne ; 
ypa, and if one should encounter them whiles rbal he fiireth alcne, 
No whit do they hide them : for near unto them by our lineage are 
Even as the savage rtihes of the Girtnts and Cyclops be." [we, aoo 

Then unto him keen-witted Odysseus \n^oe instant reply : 
" Aldnous, think nut so ■ nut like (ci the GimIui ani I.— 
The ble££ed Immortal Ones who dwell in the hroad-arched sky, — 
Neither in stature rior form, but to mortals in saddest truth : 
And if any ye know wre-ndden beyond clicir fellows, in sooth 
Even to them were I etiual in heaped-op measure of ill. 
Vca, and of many α trouble more couid I tell Ehee still, .bear :^ 
Gven all the things that the God» of their malice have ma<le me lo 
Bnt suffer me ηοΛ to cat, fat all my burden of care; no 

For no such shameless thing as the ravening belly is found ; [bound. 
For it biddeth us bear it in mind, ard by Miong constraint are we 
Though never ^o much woe-worn, heart-laden with anguish sore. 
Even as the anguish of heart rhal is mine : yet this evermore, 
This shameful shimel^ss thin^. crieth on me to eat nnd to drink, 
Blddh^^' mc fill il^ and aufftrrs mo not of my troubles to think. 
Bui ilu ye make h^Lsle vrhcn the mornini^ appeaieth. that Ϊ once 

The wretched I, of your gr«ce may set foot on my native shore, 
After all I have suffered ; vea, I were even contented to die. 
When my subsianco and tnralJs 1 have seen, ind my home with its 
roof reared high-" i»ao 

So did he answer, and thoy all praisod him> ^ϊνίηκ advice 
To scud the stranger nway. since the word he had uttered was wlae, 
id when, the bhation^ done, ihey had lo their hearia' 
Tomeward away caeh one to hie rest through the gloaming; went. 

Ufjt 2Pftptf£ffp 

And there mid the stately ;;ccric did Ody:iscuv tbo K<'diikc May. 
And with iiim the kiii^' ^ii^d tlic tjuccii. and clu»; j.t !:■» ;tidc i^^ii Ehoy ; 
AnJ ihr* maid>t 'g^m cl?ar iTie banciuvl ti^ai fiuEii Tli«- lioard iiVAy. 
And Arvto Lhu whiti; :ιπηυϋ spoke (csr t-hcf kntfw thai raini<<ni iLgaio, 
Who had vtovcn the tunic una cloak hcritdf with lior kAndmaid 

I lain — 
And xhe win^fed words sped from her lipe, tind Hhe eaid full earn- 
estly i 330 
"Stranger, of this thing first am I f^in thou wouldst sp«Ak unto 

mc: — 
\Vhi> nrt then? — and whence !Lmong men} — these garm^nts^ of 

whom wpre ihey given ? 
f^fkyest thou not that thou blihcrward OAd the se.i v/«iM dnven ? " 

Ar»swcrcd Odysseus, the man in innmfold counsels keen: 
*' tfard were the task to IcU from Ijeginning to end, Ο Queen, 
Of the woes that wcremcicd to mo by thedwdlcts in heaver above. 
Elut thb will I tell unto thee, iince thouaskesl, enquiHng thneof : — 
An island Itelh :ifar, with the «ea-wash round it rolled : 
There dweitelh the daiighier of Aclas, Calypso the crafty souled, 
Beautiful- trcs^d dread (iotJdcsA; and none tohardwellin^'pbct 140 
Conte. ntitlit^i of Guds iuiiiUMtal, «or yet of the deathliin;s" lai^i;. 
Biii a Power thai ts not of eiirth to h^r heanh brouyhi wretched m*, 
Atone; for the £Wih white flam« of hts kvin amiJU ot the f«A 
2cuA oa my tJ^lloy hurled• ftnd he utterly dashed it asunder : 
YfLwned ihc nbyss, and tny males in a riioiiteiiE were all Ah«lmed 

under. [tight 

But I einaped the keel with my arms, and dcspairin^^ly clurehinf; it 
Niueday^ was I drifted aloo^' : on the tenth, iir the t>Uck daik night, 
The Gods of iheir ^are tirniight me to the isle of Ogyglfl, where 
Durellsth C&lvp€o, the Goddess dread with boauttfulbain 
And she kindly received ntCi and loved and sustained mo> uid >voilt 

to fay 350 

That aRe1e«f: withal ghe woitld mnlce me, and deaih1*efi for uver and 
But never she over persuaded the heart in this boeomof min^^ faye. 
Seven \οη^ years α prisoner there did I linger and pine ; [tcara. 

And the heavenly raiment Calypsci had given, 1 licdewcd it with 
But ai last it befell unto me, in the eighth of the rolling years. 
That then ^he consented to let me go, yea, bade me depart» 
B/ feuon of Zeus's beheM, or the changed resolved oi her heart. 
And she sent me away on a i^h string-knit, nud ^ha ^4ve gi3ud 

Of com tod of wicc, and the heavenly attire of her giving I wore ; 
And ^e 3CDt mc a kbdly breeze that my craft aye merrily bore. 
So seven days^ and ten o'er the vr^tue οί the waters I Hieered. 
Until on the eighteenth day far shadowy hills appeared 
Of thifi your land, and i; lad was my hapt>y, my haplcdd heart ; 
For O, 1 wab Juomed lii ai^uy a v/ne 10 Iwitr my pail— 
Ah, many ;i woe whirh Piiwidr^nthe Earth shaker broiighi upon me; 


Of 4^onirn 


Far he Htirred up tli« Monii^^^iDds a^aiasc niCt liarrlng my path on 

ibe ftea ; [leapt 

Ana hv Uihed the bnno into mouDtain WAvee. and tho li@rc« aur^e 
On ιΐιΐΐ luft• 2tuJ liiMvtly {;i~u>hiiing ftway from hor «Itxk was I ^wcpl. 
There hy a humrflTie-hlftii were tht\ bi^ama nf rhp raft sraiiered 

But I swam on» clcnving the falhomless deep» until I descried 2jo 
V<Kir coast, liTtiu^hl aigh by the winds acd the waters ; and ihere 

as I tried 
To win Eo the ^hore, the surge had hurLed m« against the JAnd, 
Λβ it shocked on the huge ovcrbcctling cra^ by the cheerless slrancl ; 
Bui 1 bcai our ^i^iiw^rd, anJ swam im stifl, tiM I c-:ime untrj whure 
Seemed the fairest Janding p!ace< for the moiitti of a fiver was there : 
No barrier of racks ; but a screen itom the wind was the steep 

bank's lidght. [the night. 

And I reeled forth there, ami for brcalh «ink down: ther came 
And up trtym the side of the nver I weDt, from the heaven-fed 
,. flood; 

W And 1 laid me duwQ to ^lecp in a copse, and the Icavcs of 2 wood 

^ Around Hie I piled ; and de^p, deep bleep did a God down potir. 38o 

Thoro amid leaves, with a aighttnare-pain at my ead ho^rt !^ core^ 
I xlept through the Uvulong Di^hti aod the ixiorn, and the heat of 

the day ; 
Aod the fiiiQ was low, itnd from m& «weet sleep departed away. 
And thotc on iho beach 1 Lichold tho maideofl of her, thy daughter, 
S{h>iting, ancl she in the midst, and liko to the Gods I tliouj^ht her. 
And I maile supplication taher, and she lajuk^d not wisdoit^ of mind. 
Nay, bad more than a man» meeting one «o young, had loi>Uod to 

For tbcy that be youn^ arc thou^'htlcss cvca, biit hhe of her grace 
Gave to me plenty of bread, and of winr. with its flameUushed 

[n Che river slic balhedme, and e:Avcunio me these gaimcntfiycscoH 
flerein, for all my sorrow, all truth bavi5 1 lold unto thoe." [arjo 

Out spake Alcinoiis then, acd he answered the godlike wight : 
" Stranger, m sooth herein was my child not minded ari^'ht, 
Ϊ0 that she nowise broug^ht thee on to cut palace home [come» 

Alrjng with her maids; yel to her didst tliou first as a suppliant 

Spake unto him Odysseus with answer wary and mild ; 
" Hero, upbraid not for this, 1 beseech thee, thy nohlc child. 
For indeed she bade me follow along with her maids as they came ; 
But i would not do tht? thing, by r&ieon of fear and ^hame. 
Lest perchance thou shouldst have indignation of soul, heboldidf* 

me then : 300 

For jeitou^ as touching the stranger are wc of the tribes of mai." 

Then to Ihe hero Alciuou^ instant reply addressiid : 
" Stmnger, not &uch is this h^arL of mine within tny breast 
Ad to break into caitsuless wrath ; nay» better the ri^Ut Ϊβ to follow» 


ZTljr ΟϊΜΟΓ)» of Ijomrr, 


And Τ would unto Z^ii^ Altfathcr, AthcnUp and lo Apollo. 
Thai τΤΐ{ΐυ liring ^\ich it^ Thou arr, ;ind with iliitie heart f^van as minet, 
MiRhlctt toko my dauftliter lo wife, be ailitd to my royal line. 
And here abide ; a hov^so would I ^i\c thcc, and siil>5tanci enow 
If so tliou well minded Lo slay : — yd mmv shaW foibid ibaa to κ*> 
Of all the PhseAc{an§, — Zeos forefend thai ihi^ should b& «ol 310 
t'oT to morrow about ttim tiruo 1 ordain thy depAri\iru to be. 
Then shall thou lay tiice down overborne by slumber, and ihee 
They shAtl speed iintti thou be brought on over η sleeping s«a 
To thy falherlaodhoiiie : yea, whithersoever thou fain rvouldtl iire, 
Ay. though yet farther away than the isle of Euhcca it were. 
Wbkcli, of all land» «e«a of my people» thoy name the remolcnt 

shore, [bore, 

Even they that beh«ld it the day bright haired Rhadamanthufi they 
Wheo he went to lool^ upon Tityos, gfrcat Harth-mothcr'a son : 
And thiiher ihcy [lassed^ and tt weaHed them not» though the ^oal 

wfli wor [^ao 

And they came bade home in the selfsame dnVi ^ <^uick was the run. 
And thy hear! shall take knowledge of these my galleys, how 

peefkss thry \ye, [ing sea-" 

And my vouihs how unmatched with the oar in tiptociung the foam- 
Then did Odyfseiis rejoice, Ihc man lon^ trooblc-oppresscd ; 
And in prayer he Liplilted his voice, and he uttered the thought of 

his brea^E : 

" Grant, Ο Z*ut Allfath^r, that all that the kinR hath said 

Tic so may acconiphih ; Ihcrt shall hb glory unqucnchably spread 

O'ei the corn-|,'iviiig earth, und I to the land of my virr^b shall lie 

So did the hero hold sweet converse there with the kinj^. [«pod." 
But Ar^t£ the white-onned told the maids of the houfpchold to bring 
Into the porch a bed. acd the ru^ on the sfime to throw 330 

Dyed of a cfitnuon-retl, ajjd caipets theieovei to atruw. 
And above wiirrn citanttes to lay. to cover him^lf withaL 
And bearinK a torch went they from her presence out of the hall ; 
And swiftly the task they plied, and made ready the stately bed ; 
And back 10 the hero (hey hied to bid him thither, nnd «aid : 
*' Go forth to ihv sleep, fair gn«si, for thy bed is prepared for thee." 
They spake, ara to him that rest seomcd wcicoinc and a»re<:t to be. 

Theie in the lich'WiOiti^liI bed, ϊο the i^f^cai poich eciiuifi^ wide. 
With the dewftoffileep overshod, lay OHys^iis of woes long-tried. 
And the ^ueen ArtH-^ the while the couch of Aleinous shared, 340 
In a chamber ol that proud |nle, which the handa of the wife had 


9ob Φϋ!>00ίυ0 iDdtf at rbt oporre nno tbr fcaufme of tit 

ffca- to lb. 

ROSE-FINGERCD from mut:^ of the ni£ht iiprjtng D^wn, and 
Ihu shadows fled. 
Strfticrfaiway tti« sacr^fl miirht of Alcinous rose ftOm his bed. 
And Ody&^ua aro% with tfic light, city-stnilcr of henvenbom race ; 
And AkiQOLis' Siicrcd n^ight weat forth with him ualo the place 
Wheie the folk of ilie S«tvgod's (own w«rr nssflnibl^l haid Uy Ihe 
So cime they, and each sal down on a polished inarbic seal [f^cel. 
Anifih tc each olhcr; but o'er the city Athena went, 
And the furm of the liciald ^he l^rc thai ever the wise king scut ; 
For siill wna her purpose ^ei that the hero his home shmjid reach» 
And to every man that she met she utcored the bidding speech : 

" Up and away, l^hieacian chieftains and princes of might ! 
Go tn rhr fol k II lOlr- place, to bear of aslranger-wight 
Who came to the prudent - soli led Aldnon»' hiilU yesiteen 
Sea t oat» and kko ίο the doathJess Gods le hie form to be seen/" 

So with her words she awoko tbe spirit of each inau there ; 
And awifily wirh ^nthiiririf^ folk ihal ihrooged lo the vtats of the 

It was crowded, acd many an one beheld with admiring; ςιΐΐΰ 
LaciCOfi' heio&oup ίοί more lhf~La itiotlal gr^ce 
Athcn* vhed npon him »Ί ovrT his head and his shoulders : 
Asd goodlier len^h of limb and hrt^ the eyes of behoJders ^o 
She gavo him, thai all who saw mi|?ht love him as soon λά Ihcy 

And h« nll^ with reverence and awe, and that he in every game 
Wherein ihey shonid make ussay of his manhood, the palra might 
Uul when alE afiscmhled were Ihcy the gfllhcring-plncc wlihin> [win- 
Amidst of ibc piiDc«;iy array ud Alcinotis thus hegiii : 
" Give ftar, ye capiains and mighiy men of Phieacian land. 
To the ond 1 may otlor the words that my Iboiit;ht£ to my bosom 



'tCftf ©tij'tfsf)» 

■to my house came vrandcr- 

This strangior*— I know not his luiniur 

ing, losl. 

Whether from men of llie iiiom^ig^Uncl, or a vundown Coa«t, 
Kor his home-roiuru, for ji sure d^cre• Ehefcupcm. dolh he pray ; 30 
And, as ever our wont halli been, let ufi Imateii to sontl him Avray: 
For of 4U raeti llsal cvut have coittc tu my halls, iioiiti uthcr Ix-suie 
Haih been woiu (o remain here moummg long for T«tura dt*aic<I, 
Come, let us launch on the mijihty waters a galley nt^w, 
And let them choose froiii lie folk of the young iiion fifty aud two. 
Even of such iis h^tve proved ihem mir bt;si in the τηηβ l)efor&. 
And ye all shall fitly lash to the thole hy the IhwArt each oar. 
And leave ber so, rtnd thercafCsr n hasty meal shall ye take. 
When ye come to my palace. λοΔ stintless pnj^isioii for all will I 
This is my hest to the youths ; bnt all ye oihets come, (make. 

Ye sceptre-swayinii princes, to my fair palace-hcme. 
To the end wc may Icindly welcome the strAn^r wichia mine hftlK 
Lcl no man refuse lo come : and the minsirel divine shall ye cs.\\ : 
For above all other the God^ hiive hpsiowed upon him fiong< treasure, 
To give delight, whensoever in singing his soul taketh pleasure." 
So he jQSe to depart, and they lo the paUce attended the king : 
And The herald hnsied away, the minsfiel divin*^ to lirin^•. 
And ftfiy and two youTt^• men, as ihe king hud given command. 
They chose, and they hied them then down unto Ihe white sea-^trand, 
And as soon as the merry crovr lo the sea and the galley were come, 
Down to !he di?ej.i Ihey drew and they launched her forth on th<? 

foaii; ; 
And the aoil and the tapering mast they brought, and they laid them 

a I on κ (thoni», — 

And they lathed the long oars fast, each one with its leathern 
All thiniTS in order due,— and they spread the white sail wide ; 
And off the land in the blue sea moored her al anchor to oac* 
And away they hied them then to Ihu palace stalely and strong ; 
And there throiigh the porches men were gtreamEug.amiL-liiy ihronfi ; 
And Ihe halle woro loud with the miirmMrini* crowd of old and 

youngs (they iljiy• 

Then Btmight, at the km^'s behesi, twelve sheep of the (luck did 
And eight of his white'liiu:ed twine, and two of nig trail-foot kine; 
And they tlaycd them and daintily dressed, and they spread the 

banquet's array. [btrings 

Thnn thr hnnrhman came bringing anear the macier of maglcail 
The man whom the Muse held dt-ar, giving goodly and evil thirr(fl, — 
For she took from the bard his sight, bLit she gave him the K>ng- 

gifl sweet. — 
And he led the minstrel- wight lo a Eilvar^ studded seat 
By a pillar stately and tall, the throng of the fea^tera among; 
And alcove, from a nail on the wall, the lyre clear-ringing was bun;' 
By Ihe henchman over hb liewl. and hts hands lo the plai% did he 


BOOK νηϊ. 



And he brought btin tlie bo^el uf bread, and a tabic lie >ct Ijv hi» 

And a gobkl of wine Ic sUke hU chir£C whenaoever be wotild. 
So they put forth thcic hamt» το take of the stintless store of food : 
But AS sooti AS ih© Uxly's dasiie fui ibe fe:ist wa^ liam^ic^l ;iw4y, 
ΊΠητιι ilid th« Mviw inspire the bnrd wiili :i ^lr:iryiay, 
The l^lo who6> fomc iipicac to the hcii;:hl or the bioadivrchocl ^kice, 
IIow ihc hcro^ became fierce foes at me God»' lii^ili Mcrificu, 
WiiAi tini<; ihc Klrife nwoke of Otiyaseus and Faleus' sort, 
AnJ tetrible wcrd« they spoke ; sind glAdd«aed tvas only one. 
AKomemnon, tho Umg of men, when the nobloat Achicnns con- 
tended : 
But be knew in his heart that then hU troubles were well-nigh 
ended ; [do 

For that was tho sign that the God had given froin the holy place 
When the great stone Ihrcshold he trod in Pyiho» seeking his facv^ 
Wbiit time ihe tiegipwing of woh npor Troj:in and Greek was rolled. 
Since gr&at Zeus ordered it so by liU changeless will from of old. 

Proudly the melody roUctl of ihumiastfei's noble lay : 
Bui Ot]y^±eu3 i^atU^ivd a iold of bis mantle crinisoiigay. 
And he drew it ov&r hts face, and he veiW Ms goodly head, 
For sliAiiie Uet Piutacia's rac» ehouid witouufi the tears tb:it hu shvd< 
When Ihcson^Aod the musk dfed. and the minslid pau^cl to rest, 
\λί^ rje* the bpnj dried, and he drew from his head the vest ; 
And be ]ifi«<j ih• goblel to pour irom the m:tssy ^'oid a bbaiioo. 90 
But as 800Π as the 3ong onco more rang out, when the lords Pba^adao 
CalM oti Ihe niin^treflo sin^;, for they Icjved to list to the &Irain« 
Over his head did he fliny the manile, «nd wept again. [ran ; 

And ftll this while were there none ihai marked hift teara as they 
Bui the Uinti took knowledj^o alone of the fiiief of ihci^udliltc maci 
And he heaid Kun heavily moan, for that c)o»e to bis side sal be; 
And straightway he spoke lo the aar'la\nng folk, the sons of the ^a \ 
** Hearken to me, Fhxacian capiame and princes of mif^ht : [sea : 
Lo now of the banqjet our soul hAth drankcn its fill of deli»;ht ; 
And with joy of the feast's yokefellow, tht:lyie> arc Wtisali^lied, [lOO 
But now let us forth to the field, and there shall your prowess be 

In all manner of alhletC'Strife, tliat our guest to his people may tell. 
When he corner to hH hnrne, how far ihe sons of Pliawida excel 
Wttb the fist, in the leap, and the wrestler's grip, and the foot's 
Bwifi stndo." [their kin^* 

He apakc, and he passed from the ball, and the pe^jple followed 
And the henrhnian hung to the wall the lyre of ihe ringing Fitnng : 
And he took the burd by the h^nd, and forth frojn the• hall he drew 
Unto wbilher the lords of the land had hied tlient the i^amos to vtow. 
So on to tbm muiircf -place with a cuoiilitjsj^ thiuii^ Lame they ; 
And the flower of Ehf> seakJng^' rat'e for thr rcniesc arose thai day ; 
For AkronedCj and Okyaiue, and i^latt^us rose ; [tto 


Gt>r flDOpffofp 


Ponteus and Proteus, and ThuoD, and strong AuAbUslncufe . 
Nautous, and Prymneus, Eretmeiis withil, ^nd Anchialus, 
Αύά Ρόΐ /neus, soii of lecton'^ scion Amphioius. 
And Euryalus rose then, like the death-dealing Lord of Fight» 
NaubDhis' stile!y sun, v/ha \n Ijeauty and slature outshone 
All ihe Fha^aciar men, save peerless Laodimas' iniRht 
ClytoncUE ajid Haliiis thdre^ and Laodamis Jctth άϊά ^Und; 
Ttircc sUlwait sons they woe of Alditijus, ϊοΐά οί tUa land. 
Now first do ihey make assay of their feel in the race, ant! they 
dash ΐΐο 

At their uttermost ^peed straight away from the mark, and, aa 

forward the/ flash. 
From (he feet of ihem spriogs si^dden diisi ; as on wings ihey fly 

over the plain ; 
Aud in front of Che rest ClytouCas hath ptes&ed in the brc&thIoaa,| 
straJn : [him there 

So he camo in the first from the race to hh comrades that waited 
By Ihe length of the furrow apace of the mules that drag the sharo. 
And then did the wrctllcr? strip, nnd liuryalus over all 
Prevailetl, for his gi-iiit grip was resistless in every fall. 
And Amphialus sprang Lighl in tbs leup, overcoming the rest : 
And in ripeoding the quoit's long HJght was £latrcu5 arm Ibc best. 
And Ldodamns, gallant son of the king, was the champion of fists. 

So it fe)l, (hal when cvriy one was filled with delighi of tha lists, 
Laodamas spake lo the rest, the prince of the royal line : 
" Come friends, let iis ask of onr gxiest if auuht he can alcill to join 
In our trials of manhoods I η frame no weakling Is he lo belioJd : 
Ηϊΐ thighs and hiscaCve^ate brawny, his arm ^ are mighiy of mould : 
And his SJnewy neck ^ves token of stroa^th, and he l^icketh naoRhl 
Of vigour, but low by mamfold travail his might haih l>tcn brought ; 
For uothmg there is, I trow, more siuewj than the buffeliug sea 
At breaking a man's ^tren^ch down, Though never so sralw^rt he be." 

" Prince/' said Euryaltts^ *^ thou hasl cuiLriscLled a:>^'hl ; but thou 
Thyself go to hiio. and speak the word, and challenge him novr." 

When LaodaniAa fieard it, goud seemed ih^ coLin^-t of Euiyalusj 
And forth in the niidat ho stood, and he sp«ke to the hero thus : 
" Father stranger, approach thou too, renown in ourgamca to win, 
If aught thou kngucrst of aucb, and [ trow lliuu hast skill thcieiu ; 
For t&era ie no greater r«nown for ά man, wtiile hf HvcTh his life, 
TbAB 10 do brava d««ds with his feot and his hond^ in the athkta 

Come then, make trial, cominandini; the cares of thy spirit to RaC '. 
For behold thy journey is nigh, and already down lo the sea [150 
The Rallcy is drawn, and the crew of the same arc ready for tbea." 

Uul Odysseus the subtle of wit unlo htm spake answering : 
" I«;iodamas, mock me not in bidding me lUi this thing : 
For ϋ. much eeiirec mine htrart than grimes is my burden of care, 
Kvea all the pain and the toil I havo borne, and yet shall bear. 


af ^irmrr 

Ym, now as 1 sic in your miUsl my heart U far away; 

And only for home, atill homt. fo iha kiiiK and the p^tjplo 1 praiy," 

Answenid htJii EuiyAlus ti> iit» Dic:] with n biLlor ncibo ; 
" Ever so, g'Xid fellow : 1 ween ihoii art scarce of <ίΐί athlete tribe. 
There U raacy a maDly apcrt* bul these iire not far thee- [i6o 

Rather 1 couot thoc a wi|;ht such as ninkoth hia tiadc of the 904» 
A &k.Lpper of SAJlixs — ^hc i.San«rm^' cliApiijcn (bat hay and m^II, — 
With hi« soul wrApped ap in his freight, ever grasping hie ^ίαβ to 

Sharp'cycd to the CArgfo : — no athlete ihou, it were easy to tell." 

Sternly ici^li^sd i«xn'wiltiii1 OiJyssrus with lowering; bnjw : 
*' Man 1 thou hA«t i^poheti thy shame ; r;ish-witted, 1 trow, art thou ! 
So is it , the Gods giv^ not nnto all giits highest of price, 
Neither goodly suturei nor acnse, nor excellent speech and wite. 
Fdt in comeliness one iiuin isniumerto see than hisfdlDW^; Init 1:), 
On the words of his mouth God putleth a crown of beauty, and so 
At) e^xe upon him with delight as he speaks with a ahamuULit f^racc 
Unfultcimgly. and he shines over all th^t are met Ία the place, [170 
And wtien thiougli the city he walks, as η GoJ they look upon him^ 
And another la like the Immortafs in beauty of face and oi limb ; 
lint aroand his words 00 garland i^f srnt^c bath onwoven it» spell* 
Evciu »u Lluju ail ifoudly of shape; God cuuld uut mead llua^, an 

well {to tell. 

HalU he wrought : but a weakling thou art of thy wit, it were easy 
Wliat, nian I ϊι hath touted the spirit that alcpt within my brcai»!. 
Thine unmannerly speech : — ηυ novice atn I in iho maohcod-teet. 
As thou dofit pr^te, but 1 wuon I h:ive held oiv pince wtth the best. 
So long ae my vigour and etrunfjth of intno hands w«ru with me 

»ttlb [i8u 

Bui now with mischance and with pain ain t compassed, for many 

an ill [sea* 

Have 1 bor&c amid wars of mcot amid waves of the trouhlcsomu 
Howtwit, in ipite of my woes, I will try Jo the games, if there be 
Any strength in mine arm, for thine heart-cutting speech hath ca- 

kindled me," [away,— 

Up then he sprang full height, — he hath cast not his mantle 
He laid holil on a pondereus<|noil, far hugc^r of ma^s than they 
Wherewith the Fhxacia.ns hurled in contest» the son-s of the land ; 
And he swung it, and round he whirled it, and sptid from his njighiy 

hand. [the ^rth as it cajne. 

And thr greiil stone homnied tbrtiugh the .-kit, iind they crouchrd To 
The l'h:ca[;:aui that looked on there, the people of ieafarinp fame. 
From Ihe ruah of the si^^nc; and Jl pa^iscU avor uvcry mark benidc, 
Forlli fiom hh hund Hying f#i^i ; and Mvifily Atheu^ hied, [190 
And she marked the length of the ca^t in the uhape of a man, and 

ehe ctiud : 
** Slrang<:r, tvtn tht MiuJ mi^ht grope with hh hands, and toll 
Thy uiaik itwa the leiit, for not wilb iLo ^lowd of the ulhei& it fell. 

H^C φ^νΜΐ^ 

BOOK viir 

nut (&t in ίτοαΐ ; tht>u tltcu ϊοι this contest 1>o u^etty υΓ cheer. 
There is ni] PSa^acinii shall ο^Ιγ^ϊΙ this, nor yet corne n^ar/' 

So spakti »he : antl ^'tadnees a^v^ke in the bruast of iho toil tried 
For joy of Mciog: the lace of a fricad in thai strange phce ; [man, 
And ligbLvi uf hcait he ^fioke. acd b loHier τοηβ he Ix^^in : ^aa 
" Now, match ye my cast, young men, and I wteo 1 will oasily 
Tho cuiuU thus W yet aj^in» yoa, fnrlhcr stiJl shalJ it ^. |lhrovr 
Apd it any man's spirit ia moved to essay any other teat, 
Let him come, let mm tr^r : — ye have sorely piovoked the heart in 

my br«fl«i \ [«hiin ] 

I will box, I will wrostlo or race»— there is oono of your contosls I 
Save Lacjamas* all the Phxaciana 1 challen^^e; 1 fcai uot cne. 
But he is mine host — and who with his entertainer would fight ? 
Witless in very truth, and nothing worth were the wight 
Who would chnllcingc to athletc-stnfe the man that asgnest received 

him [2to 

In the stranger's land: his folly of all he had gained l^treaves him. 
But of all the r?£i there U none I refuse; I think Ughtly of none: 
liut come to the pioof, and man to man our strcn^tl] shall be knowD- 
Nti wejiltliiiK am I in the games, even all wlicrujf men kmiw. 
Well can 1 skill to put mine hind to the polished bow : [Itght, 

V<ia, atid thou^'h m:iny a comrade bcBide me wore ranged ft>r the 
AndcAch of them aimed nC the foe, yat would I he the first to smite 
The man that 1 would, though he stood in the midst c^ !i throng of 

th« foe- 
Philoctitas. and he alone, outshone mc in craft of tlie bow. 
In the land of Troy, what time we Acbxaiis abut In the war : 
Bui of all the rest of (he archers I say I aiti best by far, 320 

Vea. of all such mortals at eat bread now the ^vlde earth o'er. 
But ] take not upon me to rival the men of the days of yora ; 
Not ah HciacliH was, ntJi such as Oechalia'^ heio. am I, 
Who were wont with ihe deathlMs Gods in archerj' -craft to \Ίβ- 
Wherofcre for this ^ircat Kurytua died, and to hoAry age 
Never came he in his halls, for Apollo in fierceness of rai^e 
Slew him, because be tiad challenged the God to the strife of the 

Ay, fartht^r than others cftn spood the arrow the lance 1 throw. 
Only I fear in the race a Fh^cacian might haply oiLl&irip [ijo 

My s^ippib for in pitiful wise wa^ I beaten and crushed in my nhip 
tSy the billow;: that thronged without respite upon me; and «canty 

ease |lcncc«. 

Por my body bad 1, and therefore unstrung b tlie strength of my 

Silenced were all Ihal heaid by [he hero's tion-lone ; 
,^d none for a lime «pake word, till Alcinous imswered «lone : 
" Stronger, we take not ul the words that here Ihou hast spoken, 
yuiasmucli λ% we see thuu ait Cain of thy prowess to show soma 

Belni; angered because this md^n hath taunted thoe here In ours|[fat 


ot toomrr. 



tn iucb fAfihion rs no man would tkke on htni ever thj tnarbood la 

Vui ooii« whose spirit had knml to apciik words ;»ucta[ir and ri^bu 
Βατ tliov. ^ivc bcod to my saying, lu tdl ii ;igain M>nu; tUj 2411 

To «notbpr KUich hero an ihmi m τ hcno own li^lk far »w;iy, 
ΛΒ thokt fcftstMt Cbcro with thy childfen around, and tby wife at 
Fo^iTct not OUT pri^wc»thcn. wherein ia iny peci>lc's pn Je. Ilbvuie: 
V^'bidi Zeus balh Lx^slowcd upon us from tlie day^ of our uihers 

No mi^hfj^ boxers are wo, neither wroB(l«re of p««rlftSft renown ; 
Due swift in ibc footrace wcfLic. and our shi^aresurpaasinghrfleet : 
And ihc! lHii<Luct to tut, 4nd Ih^t lutn, and thiv fl^ish of iho dancers' 

And chnnjccG ol raiment, and steamini; bathn, and the couch, aic 
— Come, ye Pho^ciAn dancers, who nil yonr frilow» cxcd, [swoel. 
M^ure sport for lU HOW, t^kai Ibe niraTiger lu far'Aw^y friends may 

tcQ, 350 

When homo he ϊΐ conK. bow pobrleea wo are aQ nation» atnoikg 
In the craft of the aca, in the nee, ίη thu tbocc, and \a music and 

And let some one hie to ihe paJac« with epeed, to the bard to brin^ 
Hia lute in the hall that liciii, the lyro of the rinpiii: string»" 

Sa»{KikQ ihc i;u>JlikL' ΐ,Ιιι*. aud Ibtf headuuidti aiOM? at his call 
To brtoff the carv^n lyre to the stately pilace-hjilL 
Thoo did tho Nmc Men rise, who wont to make it thoir care 
That the games in sdcnily wise should ever be ordureJ there; : [ring : 
And they iTi:ioothed the dandng- ground, And lh«y t^leJiiM 1 fair wide 
And thu lyie of tnelodious sound did tiie henchman thitherward 

bring. a6o 

And tbe CEiiiibtrcl then stepped out Lotlii;midst, AndnliluuiiLUjvmr^y 
Of l>oys tiiood round jiboiic ; well qkill^fd in thi^ danrw w#-ro thr^y. 
And the glorious meafiure they beit as Ihoy d^uiced, and Udyeseus 

gaced [nniazed, 

And gizeci at the twinkling feet mn ihey glanced, and his soul was 

But iho mmiiirrl «tncte the Wr«, and bogan the ht^ntifkil «ong 
Of the fair crowned Queen of Uesire, and oi Arts the Wargod 

strong, n^lanie. 

How ihry wantimed in secret embr;icr tn the halls of tb« l^rd of 
WbtQ Ar6s by gifts found grace with the Goddess, and wtougbt fouj 

On the couch αί HephxslUii the King : 1ml lo hini the Sun-god hied 
Swiftly, the tiJinf^s to hung of the fotly his eye h;id espied. 370 
And Hcpha^siLia' spirit btirned whua his shame was told tmto htm ; 
But into his smithy he turned, darhhroodmg α purpose grim* 
And the anvil he set on tho block, «ind bo hamtnerefl bini chmn afler 

chiin [refiiiin. 

That ooDc &bouii breaJi or unlock, but shoitid belple^^ fettered 
And ever, the white be wrought, hi^ hcEtrC wa» u fire wiibm. 


It Φΰρίίβίρ 

BOOK vnv 

And thersifteT the cliantbar he sought, ami lh« bed fh«y liAd mair«*d 

by their sin- 
And th? f«ltcra all over tl)c bed be wreathed rouad post and l>eam, 
And ttie iii4£y toils ovcibuad froiik tbc cclliu^ ajcwii Id sti&uti 
As the webs of a ^tder ^Πϋ, thai thfy roiifd not so much asbfr seen, 
No. not by an eye divine: they werecraftily fa&hionedt I weeon alio 
But when he had wrought all so. And the snftre had been «ct for guilt. 
H<» made as though he would go unto Lemnoa, lieatiiiful-built. 
Which is deafest to him by far of the lands on the earth that are- 
And Arus with rems of gold kept no bhnd watch ihat day, 
And glad was he to behold the Craft-god going ;^way. 
To The hall of the Lord of the fire, Hepha:siiis, swiftly he sped, 
Filled with a burning desire for her of the bright' crowned head. 
From the presence of Kranos" son, her sire, was she newly come in ; 
Anti her hnubs on a couch had ahc cast ; hut into the palace he 

And he clasped her hand in his own, end thus did Arfis begin : 990 
" Aphroditii, my sweot. come away to the rapture of love's embrace. 
Foe lieiihirslua thy lotd no longer abidclh anigh this place ι 
He ϊϋ gone unto Lemnos' isle, 10 ihe Stntians' barbarous race." 
And the Goddess was well content, and sweet the tempting seemc<i ; 
And so to the couch they went, and lay ; and suddenly «tte^med 
Around them tht coils thai Heph^stus' toils so cunningly rtove. 
And tbey helpless remained, howsoever tbey strained, one limb lo 

move ; [on every h^Lud. 

For they knew not, nor dreamed of the snare, til! It hemmed them 
And the Hall-foot One was there, by their side did the God-soiiih 

stand, (300 

For that hack had he turned hini, ere he had won unto Lemcos-luid ; 
Far the God of the Sun had spied for him, and the tidm^s bad tuld. 
And into his palace he hied, indignant and angry- son led : 
Then swift to the porch came out, by his ^ercenesE of wrath over- 
Far nng his leriitile shout fulfilled of paf»sion and scorn : 
"O Zeus Allf4lhcr Γ blest Gods everliving 1 — come evetj cm« I 
Come Ιοοίΐ on a sight (or laughter, — on deeds unenduraue done ! 
How the daughter of Zeus, Apliroditi, dishcnovireth me alway 
Who am liime, but <he loves this nniiderous Arf-s ; lovci him, I say. 
For that comely h« u and shapely -footed : but ) — I am halt I 
] was bom so 1 — my parents for this — none other but they— are ία 

fault- 310 

And I would thai ihey never had borne me a mark for flouting and 

scorn ! [4elight ; 

See — sccl^they have gone to tbc bed, my bed, for their wanton 
And there nre tbey sleeping ; and T, Ϊ am anguished at henti at lh« 


Ah but Γ doubt they will scantly desire any longer to lie, (joy I; 

Though never ao losing ; full soon itilE rhey weary of aJumbcr and 

BOOK vm. 

of ftomfr. 


But my cr^ft, but ray fetters shall prieori thorn Caken, ihty aliall not 

fice» [lo me. 

Till sudi limp us hrt father pive hack' aH ihe stim of the bHae^grfls 

Kvtn λ\\ that I K^ve him, to win me his daughter, the shan^eless- 

Fair to behold, but her lust is uabridled, her heart is unchaste I " 
Then g^iihered the Gods lo Eh? hall iipoa hrax«n foundatiorje ihal 
stood : 330 

Came Posuidoa, that cornpasseth alJ the earth, «nd ihe Giver of 

good ; 
And (h« King of thtf Sifver Bow, fhr -darting Apollo, came : 
BliC ti&vot a GoddesB would go iron her dwellinfi^ ior very shame. 
And into tho porcli they pressed, to the slight that was there re- 

vcaled ; 
And up fr^m the Gods ever-blest the imqLienchabte laughter pealed, 
WhoD they looked on the magHcal labour, Hupha;etua" cunniag de- 
vice ; [wise : 
And one fumed unto Ms neighliour» and spaku 10 him after this 
" Niver do ill deeds thrive, but the slow oveifalieth the nee:, 
Ercn as Arcs now is outstripped by Hephsestua' feeij [330 
CauKlit. ihough the swiftest he be of thcGodi in OLyiiipListhal live, 
By the sleight of The lame : sacisfatiiion (or wrong must he There- 
fore give." 
Ooe unto other so they spake as they looked thereupon : 
Ami cried the King of the Bow uulo HeruiCs, ihe Thunderer's son ; 
" Hermes, thovi ^ver of good unto men, and their heflven-seni guide, 
Wouidst thou he eontenied Ehus ίη fetters eonatrained to abide, 
Lying the whila on a couch by Aphrcxlitc s side ? '' 

ThcD unto hini the Helper, the SUjer of Argus, replied : 
" Ο Kiofl, far -darter Apollo, I would that this might be 1 
Though thrice so many fetters were endlessly coiled round me, 
And of all the Goddesses L and of all the Gods, were beholden, 340 
Vet were I fain ro lie by Aphrodiri the goiden." 
So he spake; Joud laughter the white arose Irom the hif^h Godft 
Yet deigned not Poseidon to smile, and ever he made his prayer 
That the Wonder -worker witiald set the Wsr-god free from the oet ; 
And Poseidon ^aidi ns Ehe win^icd words sped with entreaty ίυατ : 
" Release him, I promise that ArC's shall pay whatsoever is ri^'hti 
Eh'en as Lhou requiresl» in all [he Iminoftals" faight." 

Aoewered the HaTt-foot God, as Poseidou s petition he heard : 
" Ask mo cot this, U thou whose waters tho earth enfjprd. 
Pled^soi worthless one;». — ri|;ht worthless to hold they be ! 350 
How in Ihe midst cf the Gods ever-living sJioiild Τ bind thee, 
If Arts take flight, and alike from the fetters and mulct go free Ϊ " 

Then unto him did the Shaker of Earth, Poseidon, say : 
*' Ifepbsstus, if so it should hap that Aris, fleeing away. 
Should escape froni the fine, that mulct will I, even I, liiy down." 



^^t WbVMt^ 

&00K vm. 

Matlc answer ilic Hftlt^fool God. the Luidnf ctaft'Ccnowa : 
'* It may ncivnse ht^ nor is meet, llut I itionid say thep nay/' 

Thus OS he flpake^ th« etroDsib of Hi-phAitus pried ihe chair : 
And Uiey, delivered at length troin ihc nc:L'* irrcsisitlilc strain. 
SpT;iiig up; mtd thd War-god faat uuL<j Tlifdco al ihe ends of tlic 
6«rth 360 

Sped ; and to Cyprus p.i^sed the Lftdy of toufhter and mirth, 
Where tu P^phos her high place stands, and her altar with k]c<td»q 

And there by the Graces' hands was she bathed» and with di\ bri^bt- 
Perfumod, — 'lifi the chrism divine that on Gods everlasting doth 

bhuie, — [scciiilng. 

And e-asclolhetl in !ilt:r<T whcincc spells cifdcsiTC breathed, wondroiiiC' 

So rang the glorious lay, and filled with delight in hearinc; 
Was the aero Ody^iieut^ and they of the land, the folk sea farine. 
Then Laodamas toix at tbo best of tbe King to dance l At his side 
Rose HaliLTs, for noru? of the rest of the dancer*^ wiih these twain 

vied. [370 

And a beautiful ball they broucht, bright Uy«d with the purple tc^y. 
By the cuauinK uf Pulybus wiuaghl for the danteis* majvelious play, 
Whkb thc-on», back'bendJng, rlurg toth^rloudschato'eTshadowing 

And lightly up^prini^ing lo rt^ect it the other arose with a bound. 
And he tnu^ht Jt» t»! rvei his feet had liylitr^d again un \hc ground. 
And fcally and gracefully all was performed io ihe Dance of the 

As still lo iheakyitweot soaring on high, and waa caught in the fall. 
Acd th^y danc^ with a faJry pres^tire of feet on the bonitieoua 

To anifro ever cben^ng in measure, and ranging in m&xcaaround. 
And all tlie leet of the boys kept time to the light feci bouudiuut 
That a beautifnl rhythmical noise rif finf^ers and feet was sounding. 
And lh«n το Alcinoiis ^^odhke Odysseus in wonder spoke: (300 
" Lord King Alcinous, high-renowned ;imong nil eanh-foLk. [boast : 
These d^inccrs of thine tliou suidsl were unm^itcheti, »o ran thy 
And behold, it hath all come true, and I ^a/e, in amazemem loftl,*' 

He spake, and Aicinou^* breasit wn& hllcd with exultation ; 
Atid straightway ho cried to the rt:st, the lords of the oarJovin; 

nation ; 
"Hearken to me, Phaeadan princesand chieftains of might: 
The stranKer, methinks, halh aneaceLlent wit that disccmcth aright. 
Come then, let us ^ivc lo hriu icifcs» as is meet : fi^r kincn of rcnono 
Twelve, aiuJ the thirteenth I, bear sway b> upt^ind ana town> 3^ 
Tber«fore a beautiful ttinic, a mantle washen fair, 
And a talent of procioufi gold Itt each 10 the etramgvr tear ; 
And all tu^^elher with speed let us biing tlicm before htm, thiit so 
The stranger, with these in his hands, glad-hearted (o βυρρβτ may 





And lei Etiryaliifi vriih words ^cJ & present cootect the mmd 

Of our ^ucfil, secinj^ thit which he ^pak« w&s nowbe aeenily nor 

kind. " 
ho did lie ifx^akt nnd they comincndcd Ihc words of th« Itiag ; 
And CAcii of ihcm ^ut away «ί hctrchiLiaxi tttc φίΐ*, to bring. 
Am! rhen lo Alrtnous Euryalus made ftnswer ana spoke : 
" Lord King Alciaoiis, high renowned among all earth folk, 4OO 
1 Krili gUddcii the stranger's heart, according lo thy commead ; 
This s^oid will J ^ivc unio liim, all hrass is Che blade ai the hr^nd, 
And of silver the hilt, and an ivory scitbhard, in Hch device 
Fresh-carven, wraps It about : he sh^U hna it a gift of price," 

Aa bo spake, in hLs hands ho placed the silver -garnished sword ; 
And die cuitly gifi he grac:ed wilh 4 kiiidlysiJciken wurd ; 
'*HAt^ Tarher lUrknger : if atu^t hath b«ea «pokca of hard or 

May h quickly be »uitterod and anaichocl away by the gusty wiod. 
And to inci? fii&y the h\^h Gods gr&nr 1υ behold ihy frierds, Λΐιϋ to 

go I410 

To Ihy land, who afar from thy briende art sutforio^ woe upon woe,*' 

Then unto h'liM OdysuCLis tlie subtle of mi replied ; 
" Hail rhou too, frienH ' all good from the Coda unio th^e beiide. 
And iie\^r in days to come may regret be known by Ihoe 
For the sword thou haei ^'iven, w\Xh speech that hath gladdened tho 

heart of me." 
Ther over his shoulders he flimg the falchkin stiver -wroiiiiht. 
And Lho iun in the red west hung, and eatik ; and tlic gifts W€r« 

And the loidlj henchmen bare them aw^y to the palace-door, 
And the sons of Alcioous there received the cosriy store, 
And thti gjfts GHCccding lust ίο the queen their tnother they bore^ 
Tbea Ali^nous' sacred miehi to the palace-halls led on- 420 

There each sa.t down on ific height of a stairy ■gleaming thfoiie. 
And thereafter the words of his moLith to Aret* the kinii addrei^ed ; 
"O lady nunc, bnoK forth, 1 pray thee, thy goodliest chest. 
And lay m the same a mantle brlt^ht and a Cunic-vestp 
And lei on the hie a caldrr^n, and heat the water therehi : 
Tfaat to, when our ^ueet hath bath«dr and the goodly atore balh 

Of (he giS\.-i the Fli^acians hhher have beouf^bt foi bbu thin day. 
He msiy have delight of the banquet, and list to the minstf&l'e 

And this beatiLjhd cbaJice of mine will 1 furthermore add to his 

store,— [4J0 

'Til of gold, — that so he may think upon me in his halls evermore. 
When to Zeus and tbe rest of the Gods drink -o^erings thence he 

shaJI pour.'' 
So spifike that stately sire, and Atfti gave instact command 
To her Diaidcns that over the fire a n^ighcy tnpod ^louki stand : 


lEftf iDtyrftfry 

ROOK yni. 

So thej 1>rc>u£lil the Irjprxl with liasle, and over the hcarlhMonc 
placed, (coiling 

j\nd with wntcrlhcy ii]lcd, ftnd bctjc^th they kindled ihchrnndn, nnd 
Abuut it the fldaice *^an wrcAlh, as awsc the sieank of the boiling. 
And ΑτίΙέ The while for hei guesl from ou: of her chamber borr 
A great and n goodly chest, and therein did she lay the store 
Of gold and radiant vest, the ^fCs the Phicactans gave ; 
And fphe added to all the rest λ tioiiti and inEuitle brave. 44a 

And ihpTi ΪΟ the hero she spake, ;tnd she tittered the wifi^jM words: 
" Thyself now look to the (id, and speedily lash it lA-ith cordt, 
Thai none on the way may be able to roh thee, when thou in ilecp 
Sweetly art lying, na ilieib ihe bUirk shiji nver the deep." 

So tt-h(?n he had heard that saying, Odysseus the man 1oii-tri«d, 
The broad lid over it layiof^, pa^ed round it the ropers, and pliod 
Full swiftly, and wrought, as Circu had taught. Vnot:» cunningly 
tieJ. dight ; 

And thereafter the stewardess bade him approach to the bath ready 
And his &oul was exceeding giad as the luver sioaniod in liia sight* 
For no such solace bad come unLo hitii» 4^11 the way us he fated, 430 
Frotn the day that he left the home of Calypso the beautiful- 
haired ', - 
But with her had he had such cqtc as tcndclh ά Cod evermore : — 
So the haudmaiiJs bathed hmi tticrSf and with oil ihcy auotittcd bJiii 

o'er ; 
And a mantle about him tbcy cast, and a ^y-hued tunic and nnc ι 
Aiid out of the balh he passed to go lo the banquet of wine* 
Lo, radiant there in her pridu of l:ieaiily and heaveiidenl bloom, 
MauHcau stood beside the door of the banqiietin^Toom^ 
And she saw, and with admiratioit her heart within her wasstirrcd : 
And to hini the maiden Pha^(.iaD addre^^ed the li^hl^winged word ; 
" Hail, stranger : and when (n th*tie home io the days to come thmi 
«bait be, 460 

Forget mc not, who owesi the price of thy life tinto mt." 

Answeted Odysscu^i the subtle of wli with a kindly word : 
■* Nau^itcaa, child of the king of the sea, the great-souled lord, 
May Zeu£> the husband of Hiro, who thunders on high in his 

Not grant me to win to mine home, nor to see that restfullesi hour. 
If I klW liirough the rest of my life in prayer and thanksgiving to 


As a Goddess ; for thou, sweet maiden, hast given my Hfe unio mc. " 

So spake he, and passed to his seat by the king at the fest;d 

board. [and poured. 

And now wore 1h«y sharing the meat, and the wine bad they mingled 

And the hcnchinan then drew ni^b, and be kd tl^e minUrel 

swe^t» 470 

Who of aU the people wa£ high-accounted, on to & &eat, 

tn the naidat of the bsu^quctera all, arLd beside was a pillar taljp 


Of pomtt. los 

Aod Odysseus carved frOm tbo cbino, — y«t loftvktp the more pejt 

over, — 
Th« flesh r>r a white'iuvkr^u ^win^, wliich lite nch fat-fcld did cover: 
And th« hero Euminouj^d the hdiiclimiXD, and gave to hifi hooda the 
" Hcnchnian, boar lo Demixlocua ihis, aud so let him eat» [^me^i ; 
And 5^7 ibat I greet him ^vell. Lhougli soec he4rt'sCncK«[iuf ill. 
For amongst HI men that dwell Lipon earth the ntinstret etlll 
Hath honour and reverence hi^h, for tho Muse by paths uf ^on^ 
Hath led bim iorth, and ever she loveth the minslrel^lhroDi;." 480 
So he spake, and the hencbniAD bare to the bard, A'i tbe hero 

And tie took thftt courtesy <aha re, and hisspint within himwesgUd. 
So ibcy to the lliings that before them were lying their hand^ eji' 

TtlJ the craving for meat ^va^ o'er, and desire for dHtildng wafi 
Unto Dcmodocus spake the hero Odysseus then : [ended* 

*' Minstrel, tlie praise of song shall be tliioe beyond all men. 
Or the Muse, the rhiUI nf Zeu5, or Apollo, inslnicttd thee ; 
For tbou singest the sorrowful fate of the Greeks right niartelloosly, 
E%-en all that they sufTercd and wrought, and the maniibld troubles 

they bare, [was there. 490 

As though ihou had^t seen it thyself, or badsf heard it of one that 
But come now, change thy theme, and smg of the great horse 

Of wood, [hat Epeios fashioTied with Pallas Ath^n^'s aid> 
Which the craft oi Odys£eu& caused to be drawn to the citaders 

Filled with the rieii that laid sliong Ilium low in a night. 
Now iS thou canst worthily sing tue the story of this, aa it fell. 
Unto all men that be upon «arlii Ihy eon^ renown will J tell, 

that the favour of heaven haih made Ihec therein to excel" 
d the min-strel smote the lyic, aod iht song burst foilli a^ttin, 
now did a God inspire the riish of the glorious strfiin. 
And be Bang how the Greeks set Tire to the huts of (heir camp on 

the plain, 500 

And hoarded Ehe galleys, and went from Troyland iiatling away. 
Save only the heroes thnt pent in the cavers of pine-wood Jay 
Round famous Odysseus, nght in the rriidst of a Trojan throojg ', 
Pen up to iheir citaders heii^ht had tbr Trojans haled it along ; 
And ih^re it stood, and still ihe folk talked waveringly 
Aa around it they sat, and the will of the crowd was divided in 

thieci fbrowa» 

Or to l.iUTSl through Its timbers with shock of relentless twybiU 
Or out to ih« brow of the rock to dra^ it, and hufl ίϊ adown, 
Or to spare it, & gift that should plead with the hit-h Gods, turning 

aside .sni>uU betide- 510 

Their wrath; and by this sarue rede was it doomed that the end 
For fated to perish they were when the city embraced with her ub^ll 

Utr S>\>pssst^ 


The mouniftinof Nam&iiiAt bare the Argiv* hvioesAll, 

Wilh terrible gift* for Ύτογ ία Ihdr h;uiU3. uvun shushtcr and 

doom. [gluorn 

And he sang how thpy rose lo dwtroy ihe city, And out of ihe 
Of the cavernouE ambush th«y pound : And ho SAog of the stutied 

Difiht [(right. 

Vf'hcn hither and thither the sword wctii waMlng Uie town higli' 
While Otlynieut a swifl way irod to DiHphohil•;' mflndon, grim 
As AtH, and strong as a ^od Mcndau^ followed wilh him : 
And thcfc io α tcmble figbl they dosed, And the minstrel told 
How they contjucred at last through the might of Ath&n£ ihe 

mi^hty-souTeJ- 5^0 

So aoDfi that bixra ot runowp, hut Udysseas could only liui^ish 
For the Jays no morc>acd.iciowii hi^ cheeks rolled tears of ■'inguUh. 
AikI cvoii nh u wmiiaii falls uu her [Icurlov^d loid, itiricken down 
As he fought in front of the walls lor his folk and his native town. 
And batllr>d to hold at buy from hi^ dvarest the pitiless day : 

And she» belioldiDK Ι^ϊιιι ^^Είρϊπκι ^^*^ ^^^ ^^ ^^^ point to die, 
ShrJvkA, falling upon him und clu^iiing wilh loud and bilter cry ; 
Uul Ihe blowb of the apeartitavtti ram on her back from the merci• 
Jc*9 foe: ^ [woe; 

Slie Lii diag^ud wilh a captive* Uain to thu ^nve'b loL Ubuui aad 
And her cheeks grow haggard and wan with her piiifid, pitiful 

5o the pitcoui teardrops ran from the cycs of the woc-vrorn chief. 
And the barp rang on, and none saw the tears of hi« anguish 

But thi3 kint; took kDowledgc alone of the irhof of the hero'e eouU 
And he heaid Ιύιιι heavily utoAQ, for thai clo^c to hi» side sat ho I 
And straightway he spoke to (hioiir-loving folk,lhp sons of rheftea : 

" Lofdri oi Ph^eacLan folk» and captfiin» all, ξί\•9 e^r I 
Now let Demodocua hush the lyre's vchcc cchom^ clear ; 
For this ihal he Ktn^eth doth not pIcAsc *\\ thai ^t at the wine ; 
For s.incc w€ began the feast, sud Arose the song divine. 
From moaning' and piteous cr)-ing the sltanf-er hath had no rest. 540 
Surely, 1 wot, some sorrow he hath thai hauntcth his breast. 
Then bush th^ lyre ;ind th« M>ug, thai wc nil may rejoice as one. 
Guest, and ffu«-£l -receivers, for seemlier so were it done. 
J-'or all for the stranger's s^lcc h:Lth this day s work heen wrought» 
1'bc Koiicy prepared, a&d the ^ifts tlint to hint were lovingly brought. 
Even ft* :i liiother the; κίτ^ηκ^ and siuppliant is to Ihe wight 
Whose «oul hath atcamcd to know, though nc^er so littJe, the fight. 
Now therefore, the thitiK thaE 1 tkak of thee» hide it not from me, 1 

With crafty hil^nr : the truth it were nior<? for lhm«^ honour to say. 
'i'oll us the name that thy father and mother be&tOAtHl upoD tb««i 

That ihey uf thy city know» mho the dweUeit» tuuund it tbitl bo- 




For ΐη %Qoth th^re i« no man found whom tbe folk hy naniEiiersTlt 
Be he highborn or ίοηΊν, if orco th« wight hitfi Iwen born at all : 
Bnt cvoD in ihe hovir of his birth bavchia pu-rcnta jrivcn him α name. 
Aud tell u^ ihy IhuJ a.]]u thy ciiyi rtn<l who be ihc fuU υΓ Lhe samr ; 
To ihe enJ that ονιτ ships may ihithcrward bear Ihee, finding the 

By vtic of (heir own : no pilot the galley PhiCAcian hath, 
No rudder ihal guidcth all galleys beside in ihc way ih^y should go; 
Bat the thoughts ana the piirpcse of men of ihivmselves do qui 

ships know ; 
And nlJ mcn'^ cities And fruilfuJ fields do ihcy know full well• 560 
And exceeding swiftly thry pas^s o'rr Uic fAlh^mless-deep scA'^wdl 
In vciliog mist aod dond ijvi?rmaEtled : no fear have they 
To mcci with any niitsch&nce. nor e'er to lie cast awnyn 
Yet 1 nind me now of si talc ih-iE I hciird from my falhet's lipa, 
Hew he said Ihal Pcst^idun, angejed against js because of our thipSr 
Which bear all comer* unucatbed to the haven wherein Ihey would 

Would smite a galley of ours on« tlay ic the misly sea, 
A* it homeward reiunied from torn*? *inrh cirnnd acTOW the deep. 
And a moD^troue bill should <in&tiroud our town with its meabureless 

So ΐΆα the i^ieybcard^b talc . but this slkall the Gud fulfil 5^ 

Or leave undcne, a^ best tl shnll re^ptji lo his soverei^ will. 
But cornu^ toll thi^ unto mo, nrd without fail answer mo all t 
By what fer lauds hast thou roamed, wl»at cities of stalely wall? 
And the meu, w^re they &;ivage iLod bruljil, a juMicu'SCorning kind, 
Or lovers of siranecrs» and bearing ttie fear of the Gods in mind ? 
Aad whence was tnc grief of tbine heart, and the tears from thin« 

eves that railed, 
Whpn the tale of the Danaans' fate and of Ilium's fflll wa^ told ? 
For Eha high Godt• ordered it fio, and the threads of their doom 

spftn thcy« [lay. 

Thai for lliof^ thni are yet for to conic there &hauld he some glory- 
W^ft* A valiant kinamnn of thine strioken down before Troy's watl, 
SpouMof thy daughter or ^ire of thy wife ? — for dearest of tiU [5S0 
Arc these unto men, next those of the selfsame blood that be. 
Of wftii it jicfrhaiicri a friend thai was dcur to the he^irl of rhee. 
Noble and btstve ? For precious, and i;ood to possess as a brother 
is a tricnd, wh&n hearts are wise and loyal each to the otheti" 


£Dt)|,O0nt0 rrllrrb rtjt niU of iiQ banCrnagj?. ίΣ>ί c]i? 
Catr=QJont dtiti 1)10 blintn'ii^. 

THEN unto him subtle-witted Odys^euG in answer spoke: 
■■ Lord King Alcinous» high-renowned amon^ all earCh-foUt, 
Ah 'tis a glorious Ihiitg to li^t to the high lay ringing 
From the hp5 of a bard till it sounds as the Gods out of beaven 

were singing- 
For 1 ween there is naught more swe&t that a man may attain tinto 
Than rthfiji Uierrismirihand delighi the whole gUd nation ihiough. 
And the banqueters sitting argw tn the hall^ of the palace hear 
The march of magnjftctjnt song, and the tables are loaded with cheer» 
And the eyes oi the red wine gleam as thecupbcatec dr*welh it out 
Of thetna2cr,and itlleihibe cups of theguesisas he bears it ^hout. ro 
Sweetest and taireM of all such a lot to my soul Uoth appear. 
But thme heart hatb been moved to enqubo of my cares and my 

noricjw and paiu, [again. 

To the end I may rnoufo yet more, and groan wilh reiriembnLnce 
ΰί which of them ail ^hall I l^il thou the urflt Ρ — of which epoak 

la&t } 
So many the HeAven- a bidets have dealt me in days overpast. 
First will 1 tell yovi my name, that ye Mso may know it, and then, 
When I *5Cape from the pitiless day and the net for my life that was 

cast, [men, 

f shaJ] still be your guest, though mydwellinghe far frorr Ph^eadan 
Odysseus the son of Laeries am 1, whom all men know [go. so 
For my crafty wiles, and the fame of mc hi^h as the heavens doth 
In Iihaca dwell I. the t>e-autifu] isle, and a mountain thereio, 
K^ritus, wavcth his forests, far over the waters seen ; 
And aro;knd it is many another isle, to each other anigh, 
Duhchium, Sam£, Z^ynlhus clothed with her niAntlc green. 
But this, the utmost of all, low down in the sen doth he 
To westward, — the rest look away to the sun and the dayspring 
Kuggcd enow, but of heroes a kindly nursing- mother. [sky : — 


^\iV^0ty o( ^omtr. 


All, sweeter Ihait ihiit t.k^r land ^luill t verily find Done other I 
Vca, Cntyrso tlie Goddess divine 1οπ|^' ι ime by bcr fiiito kept m« 
In her hollow cavca, bcinj; fain EhftI her husband there i wouJd be. 30 
So loo did the cuoniu^ Chct esfiAy In Itei f^ry^house 
In Λί^-ή Ιο keep me, kiriging 10 have me fur aye her spniise. 
Βυΐ never they overper^tiaded mine heart to consent to their will, 
Foff sweeter than all things ebe arc country and paienis stiiL 
Though > man in a s^trange land dwell 'neath a palace's stalely dome» 
Afar from his parents, ever he dreaineth of home, sweet hnmr. 
But come, if thou wilt, of this vweariful home quest now will I tell, 
Which Zeus laid upon n^e at sctling forth, when Troy-town fell, 
Wiih Ihfi biee/c thai frotn Ilium titrn'td us nigh the CicoDifUti; 

we drew, 
And IstnaruE town wc hanied, the men thoroof we slew ; 40 

And their wives, and a booty fait that we gathered from every side 
Out of ibe (own, did we share together, and fairly divide. 
Aod then did [ counsel my men to ilee swift footed away ΐ 
P^oolfl, foob were they aJl. for then they would nowise hear nor obey ; 
But there by the sti^iiiJ would ihey sUy to ijuaiT \oa\^ draughts of 

And many a eheep lo eJay, with triiil foot wrwithhorned Idne. 
But the folk that hud scattered b flight went cfjiog the ^alhcring- 

cry [anighf 

Through (he dim land all through ihe night unto others that dwelt 
Which wcT« more in number cEsm thcj, and mightier men in th€ 

Tbe inland folk, who know full well with the ballle-steed ^ 

To close in the nghi with tbe foe, and on fool to meet chem at need* 
And counllesa it& leaves they appeared• or as flowers in the spring; 

that blow, [woe: 

At ihe break of the day, -ind oiir wefrd was to suffer fidl many a 
Fof the hand of Z&n^ that day was against us ill-starred men. 
And Ihcy set ihc fight in array on the shore by the swift ships then : 
And hurling oe either fcide with tbe brazen lanfei^ we fnughl. 
And alJ through the moTnirg-tide^and still while the day waxed hot, 
Ever we kept"^ihem at bay, for all (bat so many they were^ 
Till the sun was sloping his ray to liie hcui for unyoking the steer ; 
But the fop had the mastery then, and they turned the Achseaus to 

flight : 60 

And of each ship six good inen returned not again that night ; 
Due the rc»t of us lied fiom tle^ilEuction dread and the death rstdy- 

Then fttocxl we oul to sea, full dismally leaving the coaU, 
Glad from the death lo liee, yet grieving for comrades loat> 
But or ever the kecU r;in out lo the offing, wc turned to the ?iliote, 
Thrice raising the farewell shout to those we should se« nevetniore. 
Whom death in Ihe plain did mcet^ with Ciconmti ineo as they 


But the Gatficrcr oF clouds un lliuileel llicmiiflitof Hie Dorlb-wmtl 

t>roit|{ht ; 
Aod il waxecl till a hurricace ro^kfed, and mABSftfi of cloud on irivoD 
0*er tho land and the sev wcie t^^urcd, A&d ntghl rushed down from 

the lie J. veil. yo 

And ihe prow«, piunging heavily under ihe surge, drove : iheo each 

Bftn^edt craclfcd and ripped AsuDdcr by sUt£i& of the terrible ealc : 
But wt furled, and below wo stooged ihcm, in dreid dealh's ofulch 

to feel ; [each IcoqI. 

And with m:ght and main wo rowed to Ibo shore, till we be^chi^id 
Two nights withoul respite there, twoday^i were we forced to rcinain» 
Bating ΟΙΪΓ hearts with care, nnd with grkf, iiml with wearinest- 

pain. [thoddiof^. 

But &t IjL&t, when the third morn ihook bright tres^» abroad, dew- 
Wc hoisted the mist, and we tc>ok the while NiiU υμ. and «proftdjng 
Uur canvas forlh, ^at slill» with the wind HiidthclTelmfkiiiAUto tleer. 
And now without more ill had 1 come to my fath«TUod de^r, So 
But in rcundinp; Malcia there cauf^bt u» ft cro^-se^ current, ftttd 

shifted [diifled. 

Our course, nrd the north-wind foiichi tie, And wide of Cyihera we 
ThiTOce πιπί! days did we tweep before winds that were hungry lo 
Over the fishful deep, tUI wc came on the tenth ^&ά day [™Χ 

To the Lottr^'CAlCffc" Innd, on llie fliiwcr-likc (ia'iijtj who feed- 
There went we forth on the strand, and water we drew for our 

need : [hulJ. 

And Λ meal each crow soon spread on the shore by the swift ship's 
But when we had eaten the bread. And had drunk of the wine tot no 

Then ] Mot of my comrades nvny to the folk of the Inrd» to iind 
What ntanncr of men were ihey, of the earth'scom-catinii kind. 90 
And I chose two men for the c^itest, anil with them a hentrd I nont ; 
And leaving with speed the rest, to the Lolos-eatei^ they went. 
And the Lcto^-eater» thought no mi.tchioE o^ainnt thoetc three ; 
Only unto tiicm they Itrought of the fruil of the Loto»-treo ; 
And whoe'er of the fruit honey-KWPf^l once tutted, ite*iiied never 

A^iu to bring word to the f!e«t. or return to hid fftlhorlaad'»horc. 
Dul with LoIcJS'eaterij for aye tlid tlie μ<;υι wiciib eaiiie^tly yeaun 
Plucking ihe Loloi to stay, and forgeicing his home-rplurn. 
But 1 drac'^ed tliom down lo the soai looldng backward, and bit- 

teiiy cryinii, [100 

Till we had the infamaEe Ihreie bound, iindor the ihip-tliwart&ljriau- 
And fefltinc that othf^r^ yet might eat, and their country forget, 
The rest of my tru^^ty l>and 1 bsidc 00 longer to s^iay, 
Util to hurry down to the »tr%Dd, aod cntbeTk. and to hasten away. 
So thry p^ni them each to his ship, and chcy lutt them down 10 the 


of ^omrr. 

And tlw scA with the orderly djpoMhc bltLdoe into lioarfoftm broke. 

Su wc leh ihni perilous Mraud. bear I^any^ui shed sftLling «wiy; 
And WB raiiirr to the Cyclopes' land : ovorw«^ning and Uwleas be 

For the morrow they talic nocftrc, bvit they looli to the Godv, and to 
N<;vt'T tlicy drive the «h^ie, ocilhcf plaul ihni the hcil• ilimj frow; 
but ceiiher with sciwin^ of wecL nor jilouifhing come all lliings 

(here: no 

They have b.irley and com at their ne«d, and the viace untcndcd 

be^i fZuus. 

Hcavy-dusiered Ilic flani^^-fcicrd wine, iwdled out by the rams of 
Atid tn«y hxvo no kw£ divine, retth«r folkmotes wont tbey to use: 
And fellowship love they not, but high on the mountains they live, 
K;ii:h in hi* hiJkiwgior, and tu diiidieit and wives ihey give 
Wild law, and they mirrd not ior joy* of th^ir kiud, neither redt 

when thty grtcve. (hay. 

Off the \i\ncc where the high cca^t trend» in. making a goodly 

tA lotie wuMe iitljiad uxlends, not anigh. neither fai Hway, 
Wooded, and wLld goatf. stray throo^jh the copaes, a countless host. 
For no man cuii^cln to fiay ihcm there oa the lonc^ly couatn 120 
No LuulsEiieii ael fixjt ou the ^huie, buch a& they that the wood'ffiLnte 
And drive with labour ^n high up to 1h« monn tain -brows. 
No herds in its pnatiircs κγ'^Ά "o shnres through the furrow» ^, 
ΙϊιιΙ Qver fioni chlrn d:ty« it h.ilh iitjiie Id plinigh it at «iow ; 
But the wild goats bleat, and ihcir restless fcei roam hich, roam low. 
For not by the Cyclopes* strand do the red cheetccd liolleyfi rido : 
Ko ehipwriehtfl cnnning cf hhxta amot^^st them ore found, to pro- 
GftlEciya with «wining oars, al the ginnts' ptea^^iirt! to go [vide 

Unto dliffe on far-otT shores, 3ls. other men wont to do, 
Wbcn for fellowship's sake iar journeys they take o'er the sen to 
and fro. 130 

Ye• too, of snch men that isle had been made info tilth-land fair ; 
For the place halh a fruitful soil, all Ihini^s in their sea&oa to bear : 
Yea, in it arc meadows hard by the chores of the hoary see, 
Well-vratcrcd* with deep rich switrd : ucdeeayiu^: the vinea would 
be. [might reap, 

Fttll smooth for the plouuli is the ground, rich harvests ye thence 
Ever as years come rounc, for fat is the aoJl and deep. 
And Ihp luven, — i:a need that on land the hawsers he fast secured, 
Nor that am:hors itleep on the sand, for the 9hip oeedeth not to b« 

moorcil ; 
ISul ye beach the galley, and still shall she safely there remain 
Tt}) suLh rime as ihe Tiiarineis will, and the fair breeze Mowelh 
a^^ain. 140 

And rif^ht at the haven's head from ft cave doth α fountain How 
Blight- fLuhiiij,' ddown its bed, and around it the poplars iriow. 
So wo sailed m there forthnght^ and a Ciod was our guide, I ween. 


*ΪΓΪ|Γ ©tpftfflrj 


Through the folds of the tilack d.irk niifhi, for nothing mighr tliere 

be seen; 
For now did a ihick inisl lie al] round the ^hips as they sailed, 
Neither shone [he niuon inim Iht iJiy, Inil with clouds was the 

face of her veiled. 
And Donu of UB all witli his eye& the island ahead of ue spied, 
Ntir inirked long rollers arise with Ibe landward Bwecp οί the tide, 
Till — a fthooh, and a la^pin^ sound, — atid [hegallf^y^ were hi^h on 

the buAch. 
And 90, when thu ships wetc aground, wo furled tho sails of each, 150 
And down from the black hull^ stepi, and along the shcrc wc lay : 
And heavily there we slepi^ and awaited the corning of day, 
Wh^n the Rosy -tinge red, the Dawn^ from her inist-hung couch dtd 

arise, [^ini; eyes; 

We waodeied by woodland and lawn through the island with wondor- 
And the D:iughter£ of that Cloiid^king who tosseth the Aegis on 

Roused for our banqueting the goals on the mountains that lie. 
And straight frum the ships lodk we curved bows and javelins good. 
And we parted our band in three, and we followed the chase 

thrquph the wood. f there : 

And abundance of wildwood meat did the good Gods send us 
Twelve were the ships of my tleet, and they all had an e<iual share ; 
Nine goats e:ich bad for a prey, and myself had 1«Λ for riiyprize> [i6a 
And so through the livelong day, till the sun sank out of the alaes, 
Sal we feasting upon sweet wine ^ind on meats untold ; 
For the wine was not yel gone that was slowed in the black ship*e 

Bccauae wo had borne away jjood store ia the earth'jara brown 
Witb the lest of the spoil, on tbe day ihat we sacked the Cicomans' 

And then did we cost out eyea to tho Cyclopes' land lyutg aeari 
And we eaw snioke- wreaths, inca's cries and bleatiug of Hixks did 

we hear. 
So the sun gave place in the skies for ihe wnn^s o( the nigbt to arise, 
And there we tlcpi where the ripples crept to the mi^trmuring 

shore, I γο 

Till ro^y-ftrigered the ^wcet Dawn lingered tuid mists no marc 
Than 1 gathered my men together, and spake, in the midst as I 
' Tftrry ye here awhile, my trusty companions good : [stood : 

Diit 1 will go with my ship and only my crew with me 
Uoto vomler coast, and find what manner of men they be. 
Whether savage and brutal of mood, a justice-scornins kind. 
Or lovers of strnngers, and beanng Ihe fear of the Gods in mtnd/ 

So down to the galley I bietl, and my mattu did I there cmnniand 
To climb the black ship's side, nnd to cast her off from ttie strand. 
So they entered up into the ship, und they &at them down to the 

stroke, i&Oi 


Of ^otiicr. 


And tho ^Ά with Iho orderly dip of the blades into hoar fOAm broke. 
Full soon passing ovct the wave wc came to iho unknown laiiO ; 
Anil ihere we p^pieii n cave close down hy ih^ white ^e^t 'iiirand, 
With laurda c|imbtn|f the Eteep sides up Ισ tho ΓΟοΓβ dim hei^rht - 
There numberless goAts and sheep were wont 1o be housed for the 

nigh I. 
And around was η lofty wall of stones in the earth deep-pressed, 
EncompasEed with pine-trees tall, and with oak-trees stntdyUesscd. 
There η giant was woni to sleep : through the days he wandered 

Tending the Hocks of his sheep ; and fellowship had he with none ; 
For his dwelling still would he sunder from οΜ^ and he rocked nut 

of tighl 190 

Id bb heart, and his frame was a wonder, gigantic and grim to the 

Not tike to the sons of men, but seeming tk forc9t-clad crest 
Of high bleak mt^untain^» when it is chasm-reot from the rest. 

Thtn did 1 strailly corumaTid the r*r*tX. of my comrades to bide 
Guarding the ship on the stiund l)y the lazy wash of the tidi;. 
But I cho&o me the best q( ixiy band, twelve good men valiant and 

And Ε wertptvich A ^itcin in my hand full of sweet wine purple cf hue, 
Which Maron, Ev&nthes' son, the priest of ΛροΙΙο s shrine 
Thai high over [amai us shone to wm il protection divine, [200 

llfld given mc for spaiing his lifealoug with his child and his wife; — 
Out of reverence we did it, because (hat he dwelt mid the grove of 

Where the fane of Apollo was ; — and he gave great giftSi oveu 

these — 
S«v«n talenis by weight of gold he gave, welJ^puriHed, 
And a bowl of costly mouldy all silver : yea, and beside 
The choicest of all his wloe iulo twelve great jars did he pour, 
Untempered. a drink divine: none knew cf the precious store; 
Net a^erving πΐΐΐη nor a maid was. found in h^s house that knew. 
But he and his wife, and the ataid old stewardess, tried nnd true* 
And, in diinkitig the honey'Sweet treasure of wine with its rose- 
flushed hue, 
Ever they poured one measure, but twenty of water thereto. 310 
And sweetly aiose from the bowl the breath of a perfume divine : 
Then wuuld it vex ihy soul to iibstain from the rich rare wine. 
TTiereof a great goat skin, and food in a wallet we broufiht. 
For now, mine heart within, on a sudden nroec the thought 
That the dweller in that lone «pot was gigantic and clothed with 

And ravage, and caring not for justice at all, nor for right. 
So we came to the cavern with spoed> but therein we beheld not its 

For gone was he thence to feed his goftts on the mountain-pasture 


Hl^t Φ^γΜΐτ 

So we enterei^. antl then λΧ our case did wc (^axe upoD all Lhipgs 
(here. [wer* aio 

There were rush crutes lieavy vnlh ch«oaOi ftod crowded pcos ihero 
OJ Iambs And o£ kids, c»ch Eaod full hcodfuUy kcpl aaucdcr. 
Pot ihe ϊϊΐΐίϋπΐκ^ Ilciu wuio coLUncdi and the Uto^bum ]ii?iine<] 

yoodtr : 
And yonder the new yiiancd Uy; and cvory pail ^nd pan [man. 

And bowl was o'crfluwiug with whey, milhed full by Ihe salvime 
Then did my sM[imates come arotuid nie, λώο &unt^si\y pray 
That we first shocild bear off «ome of the chees^^, and nnsten ^wxy. 
And thcrenfkr should drive from the pens the kidlio^ and lambs, 

The flock m the ffalley, nntl ihence oer the ridge* of brire should 
But 1 would not hoed them or hcarr^O, but this had be«it well for 

us then f— [his ^«ce : 330 

But wtiiild luuk on the c^ivu-min's iucc. and leccive Ruesl'^fls of 
Ah me, he was ηοϊ to ηρρρΛΓ for ά sighT of joy to niy men ! 
So WG lighted 3 tire, and we g3.vo to the Gods the portion bofittiikg. 
And wc ate of ihc cheese in the ca^'e ; and there wc awaited him 

sitting, [bare. 

Till he cnme thither, driving his sheep, nnd wood on his shoulder he 
Λ hu^, a measureless heap, hia eupp«r therewith to prepare. 
And he cast il down ihcrcwithia. with & cra*h and « rattling shoclc; 
And in tcrrur we ilcd to screen i.»u<B(iivtB ϊπ λ nudk of Ihp rock. 
And his fat beasts into the cave, the monstrouK mountain-cleft, 
Even all that he millted, he dravc ; bat Iho males outside he left. 
The TiXtns nud the hf:-^t?^tit nil. without the hijfh conrt-w;ill. 240 
And α rough-hewn lot.k did be [ΙΓΐ, ardovci the cav^'ti mouth draw, 
A mass for α giunl to sbitt. not broad wftine twenty and twoj 
Gach straining with atout whecU four, «uch λ wci^'ht from its place 

cottid dr;i^. 
As blackened the cavern door nt his tonrh, that rugged craff. 
And he ^at him down, and drew from oach of the btu&tiog dams 
The milk in order due. and put under them kidliuj^fr 01 lanibi- 
Andhcc«rJ]ed half of the whileniilk,fdliPi;tbe IxjwkstfBigTiiway ; 
And he gathered and pressed it light, and in baskets of rxish did he 
But he set aside to stand in pnua the uncurdlcd half, [lay. 

RcAdy prepatcd to his hfuid when he supped, totakcandtotjuafr. ΐ3ϋ 
But wheti he h^id sped through hjfi tail, and accomfilishedhts labours 

He kindled the ^eat wood-pile, and copied u». and qtiei^tioncd u» : 
* VVhu ore ye, slrdii^'eis, .ind whence have ye sailed o'er the ways of 

the sea ? 
Are ye such as fare upon trafUc, or wander ye recklessly 
Over Ihc waves. λ% they that go roving', a pirate baud• 
Risking their lives, bringing miacliief Ui men of an alien land ?* 

So he spake, but our very wul woe «^ulcen with ghastly affright 
At bia voices thunder roll, and hie m:>netrout! bulk and height Γ 


of S>omrr, 



Yot I gathered my strength, and made answer at length» as well λβ 
I might : [2C0 

'AchsMns are wb. thai from Troy as wt canic were lie^ien away 
By baffling winds ftofri our course u'er the i^ulfa of the s?i lostray ί 
Home were we bound, btit wore driven by ways that we knew not of. 
And pathless paths -. so vids it clccrceii by the Gods above- 
And the folk of the son of A l reus, of King Agamemnnn, wo Are: 
Uf ill D3«n that ]iv« atider heivon his glory is highest lar ; 
So »:reAt b the town he hath c&'en, so many he slow in the war. 
But now. behold, unto thcc be we come, at tby knees do we bow, 
If perchanci» thou wouldM ^ive us rhe guesl-due, or hjtj>ly bestow 

on vs now 
Some icifl bc&idc of thy bounty, since icifis *rc ihc stranger's right. 
Ri3i(>ect Ihoo the God!), fur Ihy bupi;}liiuil£t arc wc^, Ο cliiefeal in mij^tit. 
Avenger of strangers and s(ippli;tnt*i Zeus evermot e hath been, [370 
TIm Gueet'Ward ; still by tho ii.icred stranger ho wnlketh unsocn- 

Strai^bt in his ruthless (iiood did the ^ant answer, and s&y . 
'StrtQKer, ihoii stire art a foo\, or UntH cocne from far away. 
Who biddesi me fear the Gods, or for dread of their anger spare^ 
Kaufiht for thine ,tgis- bearer, for ueus, do the Cyclopes care, 
Noi yei fur the blessed Gods . good sootht far stronger are we. 
Not to escape his hale would 1 show compa^on to thee, 
Not yet to thy fellows, except as mine own squI prompted rne, 
Bui ten mc, where have yc JcR your well-wrought ship on the 
Sitrand ? ΐβο 

On the utterrnost part of the coast, or anywhere nigh at hand ? ' 

So tQinptin^ he spake, but I knew too much to be trapped by his 
And I made reply llicrcto with ready dissejnbling guile ; [wile: 

' My ship Earth -shnlier Poseidon shattered mid breaker's urge, 
Hufhng it on to the rocks at your Und'^ extieniest verge» [sea; 

Having brought it anigh 10 a hcadiand : the wind swept in from the 
And with these men only from sheer destruction scarce could I flee-' 

But he^ the pitileftii-hfarted, nnsweied rie nothing then, 
But all at once upstarted, and shot forth tus hands at mymcnr 
And together laid hold on twain, and dashed them against the 
ground 29» 

Likowhelpr;; down gushed the brain, and bespattered the rode- 

floor round - 
And limb from hmb did he shred them, and horribly supped thereon 
I-ike a monntaindion dread, and lie left of the flesh of liiem none. 
Of the inwards and ^eeh of our dead, and the marrow with the bone- 
And wailing and shuddering we raided liand;» unto Zcws in prayer. 
That horrible deed to »ec ; but our soul was filled with despair. 
And when with the flesh anti the blood of our friends that rnaw was 

Over his cursed food milt draughts he swallowed and swilled- 
Then fitrelched through the midst of the sheep ίο the cavern he 
Sprawled A sleep. 


φΐ]ε Φΐιρσβίν 

Then thoutjht I. my lie^n within, fuU -loftiy lo &XtA] more ai^ti, 300 
And sniftiy to draw ihc keen tjxtn blidc itoiii bcsidG my Uiith, 
And to feci wUli miner Jmnu fur the puit wtitut! llie (ciicc ι>Γ hi» tilj^i 
left bare [there: 

The liver, and slnlte I0 hi« hourl ; but a n«w tboucbt sUyed in6 
ΓοΓ then had wc perished by swifl doom \kdi in the dark alone : 
For Τ1Ί v:iin l):^c! WL^ tiled ta «hift froir the hi^l• door thai liiigc>itone 
Which we saw iJie monsier lift κθ Itgblly, and sot tli«feon. 
So there wu j^roaacd and wept, and awnited the bJo&sod moro. 
When up from licr nmt-coucb leapt the Rosy'fincercd, the Dawoi 
He hindlMd the fuc, and he drew ihn inilk fruin ine bleaiiuj^ dams, 
All m in order due, ird put under them kidltngs or Umhs. uc 

But when he had haslereU through his worhj and his toil was ο cr, 
SnalchiiJ^• At oihcr two, he devoured tljcai, even as before. 
And after his friist he drave his goodly flotrks fioin his den, 
And the htif^e door stone of the cave full Ughtly he moved, ^nd Ihdn 
Scl it again, as yc move a quivcr-iid. ίηΐιΐ :l5 place : 
And with whi^llitig loud be diove bis flock lo the uiotintaiD» to 
Aod i was lefi in there, dark brooding a purpose ^nm, [RTa/(i, 

!i Athene would ^rant my prayer, to take some venpcaoco on bim. 
And there came λ device to nie then» as 1 mused upon cvcij way. 
Along by the sidn of η pnn llie dub of the Cyuo|H lay, 320 

Green wood of the otive, which he had cut and h:id laid to dry. 
To make bim & stali, and we made f£UCSS| as wc saw it lie, 
That such were the uzc of the iiiasl of a galley of twenty tAn 
That lieareih a freighr full fast where the οΆ-^αΙί welttr* and 

So huge was its ponderous strength, so long, so thick, did it seem. 
And now surne fathom's length tUd I i:til fiuiii the mighty beam. 
And then to my comrades I gav^e it, ihe bark tbt*reof t» strip : 
And with care did they scrape it and sltavo it, the whiJe 1 pointed 

the tip. 
And thereafter 1 UnTe it with sp^ed lr> [he dre, and baked il diy. 
And hid it away with good heed in the btler that chanced to he 330 
Thick scattered by stall and ρ«η all ovur the |;;lcon)y ^rot. 
Then [ ccntmanded my nicu to choose of themadves by lot 
Those that should dare, as I, ro uplrft on high the pole, 
And to iwia: it around in his eye when sweet sleep Over hini stole. 
And ihe lot Jell even on those whom I would have wished for my 

Four, and myaelf I chose for rh& fifth to adventure the deed. 

l~heD came at the eventide that man-heost, herding his i^ock \ 
And he dravc ihcm all inside the cavern of rifted rock : 
And DOW he left none of ihem all in the gaith of the deep court- 
Sotnethinjf perchance he feared, or a God the ditlerencc made. ,^40 
Then the vast stone door he uprcared. and over the cave's mgiith 


of t)oiiirr. 



And ^« sat him down. Άπά lie drew from each of Xhe l>leafirg lUmc 
Th«ir inilk in order due, And put under them kidlui^s or UmbKn 
But when he haO hastcDc4 ihroujL^h his vrork. and hi^ toil was o'or, 
Sn^tchiilji at other Iwa he dti^uuied iheiUt even &a heiutc. 
Thnn 1 mled wiih the genarnus ivine a rodgh-hewTi u'ooden cup. 
And drew near with the drink divme, and spak^, as I lifted iC up : 
* Take, Cyclops, drink of the wine, who hasl eatcii of man's ileab 

And so shiii ihon knew what matrvellous drink w^ f^nm'od with ue 
In our ship ; a drink ofiering was ihiB unto thee, if pityint^ mn 3^0 
Thou WQuldst scndnie home: but desperate niidnes^halhscijiod on 

Out on theei who shall be tend that again will come to thy land 
U£ all men else ? for lawless are these the deeds of thine hand/ 
So 1 spake. B.nd he louk it and quaffed, and he levclJcsd with hor> 

rible glea 
Aa be swnUowed the precious draught, and he asked it 4jiain of mo; 
' Give mc again with speed, and straightway tell me thy name, 
And so will I girc tlioo a gtiest-gift. and chuu iitialt h^ive joy of the 

For ID sooth in the Cyclopes' knd doCh the wine abundantly l^ow 
From clusters heavily droopmii, and 3cua* rain makcth iJicm grow: 
But this — lliis i& G\ca a liil o( ambrosia and nectait I tiovv I ' 360 

So spake he, and I once more held forth to hia lips the draught : 
Threo limea At his bidding I bore, and thnce in his folly he quaffed. 
And now had the fumes of the wine overclouded the Cyclops' 

brain ; 
And sIraichE with α deep design I spoke, but in gentlest strain : 

' Tbou heist asked» Ο Cyclops, my name of renown ; 1 will tell it 
lo thee» [miscd lo me. 

Arid then shaJt thovi give me thi* guest -gift, the whirh ilimi hast pro- 
Nomiui am 1, and Noman the name by the which they ciJl 
Thy guefcl, even father and mother, and merry companions alb' 

So did 1 &jjoak, and answer be made ftdl pitilessly : 
' Noman after his fellowa the last co be eaten sh;il1 be : 37a 

The others before him ; and this is the guest-gift from me untolheo.' 

Then llic huge bulk reeled and stooped, and backward with heavy 


Dropped^and the thick neck drooped aslanc, and cheeoDfjuererof a11, 

Slocf , laid hold on his frame: wmc-spirts from Ins throat did leap, 

And gobiiets of man's flesh eamc. as he beEcbed in hia drunken 

sleep - 
Then, then did I thrust beneath a heap of the eml>ers the pole. 
Till it glowed in the Bre-gods breath ; and with bravo words cheered 

Ε he scjul 
Of each, that rone might shirk his. parr in the desperate work. 
But when the Make mta Hame would liavc burtt in a little morej 
Green wood as it was, and became of a heryglow all o'er» 380 


l^tic £Dlt?50r^ 

Then t snatched it out of ihc fire, and drew ni§[L•, and my comrades 

ArouDd, ant! ihoir courage rose higher, somo God xatxo us being good• 
Tb«Q, taking the stakcT my men — ri^bt aherp wes the fierce red 

P1ungi<d ir into his eye : t hdd tf above, and so 
Whirled it around, as when one boreth the Learn of a ship 
With fi drill, and his fcilow^ ply the long ^trap lo and fro. 
Λ& on, either hand hclow tiicii tliry sliuid, acd it swiftly dolh go. 
Even 40 Through his eye we crushed and we whirled the fire-cipped 

And around (he hoi stake gu&hed λ fountam of hiasing t>1ood : 
And singed by the fieiy gbw wtie eyelid and eytljtuW ^itmind jgo 
The burning ball, and hdow at th*; tools was a crackling sound. 
And as when in η smithy α man dippetb axe or ad^c he bath made 
Loud hissing iiUo the pjJ.u of water to temper the bUJc, — 
For at such'tike handiciafi good sh^U the edge of the iron be 

found, — 
5o, as we plunged in the wood, vvas the eyeball hissing around. 
And he ydled, and the cavern rang in thunder lu that wild imr ; 
And badiward in terror we sprang, as wxh frantic hand^ h« tore 
The torturing slaiie from h\b eye. and dripping in cnmson sprsvy 
We saw the blood-gouts fly. as he dashed it madly away. 
And the inan'beasl's hideous yell pealed oul through the al^ril^^d 

nt^ht 400 

To his fellows that round him dwell by windy ravine and height ; 
And they, άλ they heard \un ^hout, came tioupiiig ^m every side ; 
And, standing the cavern about, they asked of him whercaora Ίλλ 

cried : [thus 

■ Polyphcmui, what ta thy grief that Iiatb moved the« to ckmour 
Through the hiuliuf the Ldlmy m^ht, aud fmm iilecp to awaken ua? 
Can it be that ^ mortal man is driving thy caitl* away. 
Or hath suddenly set upon thee by craft or by violence to &Iay ? ' 

Then from (be cavern rolled the mighty giant's cry : 
' Friends, Neman slays me by cunning, and nowise by force do Τ 

die! * [him then : 410 

Sped from their lips the ughl-winged words, os they nnsworcd 
' If indeed it be no man that ^la on ihee here in ihy lonely den, 
We c*nnntit escape the disease that Zeus the almighry do^h bring- 
But thou, put up thy prayer to thy father, Po&eidon the king.' 
So speaking, they turned them to leave him ; and laughed mine 

heart for glee [man save me. 

To think that my name should deceive them, the cunning of no 
But the CyclopG, with many a groan agonizing in anguish «ore. 
Groped with his band», and the stone he thrust from the cavem 

door : [wide 

And be sat In th« entrance to keep Ei, and «pr«ad his bands out 
Te catch wlM»oe'er with hie «heap should essay to escape outtndc. 


0Ε Corner. 


Such witless folly, Τ wis, he imputed to tne io hU brc&St ! 410 

Bui I siiaigbtway took coun^iel tliAi ihi^ should all fall out for the 

DeviEin^,' how we should Hy from doitructioQ, 1 Aod my men. 
And many α web wove I of cunnmg and MraUgcnt thoA, [atOLxl. 
Λ^ 3 nuD for his lifr? πιΐχΐιΐ well do, for 'niMlh denth'n shadow we 
AnO io, as J mused, it bufdl thai this rhio^ seemed to bo ffood : — 
The nuns ol hia Hock were tall, and wilh tlceces hi^avy and full, 
Broad-baclied and tomcly wilhal, and wiili wealth 0/ \inbi wool• 
So these rogt-lher I Jed, and with Iwisled wither <Iid I bind — 
Tlwy were sIt^wd lor the Cyclops' bed, that rnocster ol imf»<ius 

nil ad ;— 
Three by llnee wae tbtry lied, and the midmosl bore below 430 
Λ mAF^ and on either ^\ae did the others shielding him ^. 
So WftA kt, that three sheep bore a mar : but the flover of them all 
Was a ram, mat-girtlied far more thdo hh fellowb, atalely and liU. 
So I graspeohiE^ bQck, and below (hat shaKgiost MIy iiprolled. 
With mine hands laid hold on his vaai deep fleece, and 1 gript it 

And I held oa, shrouded so. uatinngly. patient -souled, 
Sc a weary vigil we kept, and we sighed for the lingeHng morn. 

When up from her mist-coucti teapt the Rosy-nngered, the Dawn» 
Forth to Lhe fiee fresh air Che rams rushed^ paMurc-boLind ; 
13ui the ewes stiU bleated there to be milked, the pcna around. 440 
For tbeiT uddprs were heavy and strained ; biu theirlord, slill agony- 
pained, [their wool» 
LAid bis hands on the backs of the sheep as they passed him, feeling 
Thinking thai so he would keep the pa?is ; but be knew nrit,— fool 1^ 
Thai under a woolly breast to a foe ftee pai^siige lie gave. 
Then, after ail the rest, came his ratn to the door of the cave, 
uppresaed l>y his tloccp's mass -ind the wti^bt of the wisdom in mc : 
Over biin did the giaiil pas» bis hands, saying' dtilefully : 
' Bonny ram, how is this, tliat thou com«fit to-day to tb« cavern- 
door Ifore. 
La.%t of the sheep? — thou hast not been wont to be laggard be- 
But first befoieall to graze on thesufi inettdow-^ra^ dosi tlion go, 450 
Starlc Μ tiding• and first art thou wont to come to the river's flow, 
And fint to the folding dost loo^ to rcluin at the oveniall. 
But to-day, banny lam, how is this ? — thou art even the last of all I 
Dosi thou grieve for the eye of thy lord, whom a villain haih now 

made blind, 
Even be and hia pitiful mates, with wine overcoming my mind ? 
Noni&n — eh, but not yet is iie onl of destiuctioo's leuch ! 
iJut if thou coidd^t know mythou^hts^ bur if thou wert gifted with 

Thou wouldsl tell to me— wouldat ibou not? — where he slinketb 

away from my might ; 
Ob then «hould hig brains fty spattered about lo left and to right 


%lt Φ&^00ρρ 


O^tT the ground, afi I dash«d him Qdown, and mtQu heart, row mis 

Should reM frijrn rhe evik thai Nonian haih i]eaTt me, — -ihe good- 
Then he MitE it from gloom icto day: 1 was clear of Ihe cursed 

plucc I 
And whcD ^ve had gotien &WAy from the cdvcm a little space. 
From under the ram did I leap, and then Τ released ench mate: 
And wa hasiity drove his ^hespt Ion ^ shanked andgoodJy andgruLit, 
Ever heading them hecdfully. till wc hi\d them do\vn to the shore, 
Rigtil gl^ were the gthers to sue thcii companions appear oticc 

more [were dead. 

Who hAd *'3capcd from death, but they set up a vrail for those that 
But I would not suffer it yet, and frowning aind shaking my head 
Τ forbade them Xo mourn und weep, bnt with speed in the galley lo 

stow 470 

The throng of the fatr-fleeced sheep, tind over the brine to go, 
So they entered up mto the ΐΐΚϊρ with speed» and sat down to the 

And the sea with the orderly dip of the blades into boat f>Jim broke. 
And when we were so br off^th&t the shout of a man could be 

Then I 'nan al the clant to scoff with many a gibing word : (vonr 
' Cyclops I no wcuikling waft he whoee men thou djael think to dft- 
]d thy danf-eon-csvei eecurc tn thine own hi^h'handciJ pcwor I 
Ah, but thine evil decils wltc to fmd Chec out at the laM 1 
Wratch, who of gucsu in ihiiie house couldest make thy ficndieh 

repast ! (480 

Dcspiscr of Zeus and the Gods — lo, this is ibcir vengcancc-hour ! ' 

Then the rage in ihp monger's breast was redoubled by msd 

deepair, lair: 

And η towering moijntatn -crest hcifiot, uid he hurled through the 
And hunluil•: ubovc us ihc rock just ahead of the galley fell ; 
And the «ee ut the thunderous «ho^kleApt, rollin^a mountain swc^. 
And the sweep of the waves high surging earned us toward tbe 

Backwiiid, still biiekward urging the ship to the vciy strand. 
Ο then with desperate iirip I seized the pole, and I flew 
To the etern, and 1 thrui^C the ship clear off and commanded my 

crew, [flight 

Not speaking, but nodding my head, to strain with the oacs in 
From the fate of our comrades dead; and they row«d with their 

uttcTtnoat mt^'ht. 490 

But when, as we swept o'er the main, we were twice no Ut away, 
I addree&ed me 10 ^^eiι)^ again a f^reweil to the ^vajxX : hut ihey. 
Pleading in genlEe strafn, one after another 'gan uay : 

' Desperate m&n t why wilt thou provoke unlo wrath vet more 
A sjtvaifc, who huilcd at our tfalley but ιιοκ, atiO diaveiier a^hote 
Well nigh, and we verily thought even then wo were all dccid men • 

BOOK I χ. 

ot l^omrr 

And if he had lieard but ttie ϊουπιΐ of tby voice» or a word from 

thc<; tbcrt, 
He hail hurled witb a tugf^cd ruck, and had cruidicd άϊλ «ingle fi]f>w 
Our h«ds Άτιά the plank* of che K*^'^- so far U he mighiy lo 

throWp' [buroecl ; 500 

Vet could they not overpcrauade the Trraih thai wuhm me 
And tUij^ry m ^^)ίπ^ I said, as a^iiin lo ih^ g^ianr Τ Kinivd : 
^Cyclops, if ever a morral man should i\^U thee to tdJ 
OC thy blindi-'it vya, and how ^o sliAiiiL-iuJ a thintl UofuU« 
Say lliat Odj^scui dcsUvyoi of cilics put out thine eye, 
Odysseus, the son of L.iuiles, wIkis»» h*jriie dotli in llhaca lie/ 

bo did I epe^k, and he y^lted, and answi-r he made with hia word : 
* Lo ! ttovr Cometh back uulo mc e prophecy long a^'o hoard f 
Here iht^re abode a man, dnd j^oodly and ^EcaC wa^ he, 
Telemus, Eiirymus* snn, in Jhe snrtlhiiaypT"!t mystpry 
Unmatched, and to hoary hair^ mid our nation he prophosiud. 510 
And he told me thai Ibis same ihlng unto me should bcreaficr 

That 1 should be robbed of my sight, made blind by Ody^seu»' handn 
Blic ever I looked to behold some hero stately and grand 
IliTherwArd coming, a warrior clothed ^ith a giant's migbt ; 
And now, liehold, 'lis ά dwarfish, a wottliltrss» a weiikbng wight, 
That hath stolen the sight of mine eye when with wtne he had 

mastered me f 
Come bithci, Odysseus, that so I may give guest-dues unio thee, 
And may pray the Earth-shaker to grant that safe may thy hoine- 

ir^ek h^j 
Seeing that 1 am Poseidon's son, and my father is be ; 
Ami he, if h please him, sh^ll heal me, for he tun do it, but none 
Betide him, of Gods on high, or of mortai*i under the sun.' ^520 
So he spake, but an answering scotl' at the bafHed ^ont t hurled : 
' that 1 could but send thee down to the undenvotld. 
Bereft of thy sou! and thy life, and that this my power v-'ere assure 
A* the Earth shaker's impotence ever that eye of thine to cure 1 ' 

Then in his ^cat despair he sent up to Poseidon his cry, 
Stretching his hand in piayct to the atar- bcstudded sky : 
■ Dark-haired Earth -shaker Poseidon ' Ο hearken lo me in my need, 
If I am tn truth thy son, and if thou ;krt my father indeed ! 
May Odysseus the backer of cities return to bis home nevermore, 530 
Even the son of I^aertes, whose home is on Ithaca's ^hore- 
But and if ^lis his weird to bi^hold his friends, and again to stand 
In his palace stntely-buiit, on the shore of his native land. 
Late» and in evil ca-se> a31 comtradca lo^it, may he come. 
In arr alien ship, to hnd wi^er^ waiting him ihete in his home! ' 

So in his prayer he «^pake, and the Earth-ehaker heard hie crjr. 
Then a rock once more did he tako, far hugor, and heaved it on bi^» 
And hv swung it, and m&asuieless mit^bi did be put to it, spcedtujf 

it^ thghi. 


ilijf iDHpflfffjf of ^omfr. 


Through ihe air with his vepgeance it hissed, ami afl of (he dark- 

prow«d ebip 
Fell, and but bfLi&iy it missed of reaching the rudder's tip. 540 

Al the dciwu'ixjniing rush of ihc sloiic Ihe sea Ja^od high with a 

mar ; 
Uut tho vsisi sweJI swept us on, acd it drave το the further shore. 
And when we were come to the isle vrfaere the wcU'beochcd i^allcys 

lay Η [there 

ho, ranged on the shore They were, and out fellows afound them 
Were siUinc and monrninj,• the while, expecting us day by day. 
So there i«ie l>nck came we, naa wc rfin up the «hip on the Mrandi 
And out on Ihe 5i.irf of the ica we stepped, and went up Id the land. 
And the sheep of the Cyclnps then cfid we bnd, and divided Chrm 
So that to each of my men an ci^ufJ shore should fall. [all 

But ere ihcy di\idcd the sheep, thai ram did my warrior-hand 550 
Set by» and they bade rne keep for my own : so there on the uirand 
Unto Zeus the cloudrack-clad did I offer him, hunting the thighs. 
But the ruler of all things had not resp^-xt 10 n^y ^crificc. 
Ah no. but was puipo^ng then that the well -benched galleys all. 
And my hrav« true-her;tned men, shotiJd into deitnictioo fill. 
So through the livelong day, till the sun's light tadcd away, 
Sat we fcAsting upon sweet wine and on meats u^itold. 
And al last, when chn ^uti wa« gone, 4cid the gUjom ffathi^r»], fold 

upon fold. 
We lay and slept where the ripples crept to the muiniuiuig ehorc. 
Τϊΰ the Rosy-Angered, the awcct Daivn, luigered mid niislH do 

more- jivi 

Then 1 arose, and cned tc my shipmates, and gave command 
To climb each black sbip'^ side» and Ig cost her loo«e from the 

stiand, [siiokc, 

So they entered Up into the ship, and they sal them down to the 
Aod the Kea with the orderly dip ol the blade?; into hoar foam broke. 
Tberice atood wc out to s«a, bc^vyheartcd leaving the coaac, 
Glad from the death tc flee, yet i^rievJAg for comrades loai- 


^otD Cicrr b? brr ffpfUtf rtjanset) tijf Ejcro'e mm into fftofnr, 
ΑΠΟ tiota |;e tiiiibrreO cticm. 

To AeoliA nexi did wo come λϊ^ wc f&red oa over tho Ma ; 
ϋπίο Aeolus' JsTand'hi>mc : fijll iV^r to ihe Gods was he* 
A floating island it was» with a wall upon every sido 
Built of iiTiptC|;nablc bras5, and thccliii sprang Hheerirom ihc tide. 
Twelve cliiidtcu τΐΐΰ K!n^ had llicre, all born unto liini ia bis hall ; 
Six daiightprs pxfr(*ding fair, and %ix sons comely and taJL 
So these in niarrin^ie he joined, and sister he wedded to brother 
And aye el the hanquei redincd by their welMovcd father and 
motbif, [store; 

Tbey feast ] and there U^th before them of damties a measureless 
And the nioaninii* ^o(;h of the wind ever echoes Che vast halls o'er. 


So 1h<? dnys pftii« on, and at night by iheir beautiful brides da they 

Sleeping cd CArpcts bright, upcn fashioned couches high. 

So we came lo their city ^i , girt roimd with its ilame^like wall ; 
And his ^iiest for a whole month there did he make me, and asked 

me of all, 
Of IliLun, and of the Hcct, and the heroes' home'relufn ; 
And Ε loid him of all, as was meet, whereof lie was fnin to le;irn. 
And thereafter J prayed to depart, and that I to mine home might 

be sent ; 
So then with ungrud^ng heart ^od help for my journey he lent ; 
Vol he «Irippfd of Itis niighty ik'\n un *j\ nine treasons old. 
And the hltistenns wmdu tht^rciin L>ound fast, in the hide'* dark 

fold. ao 

For him hath Kronion Dudc the warder of wiuds. and »LiIl 
At bis coirmand are they stayt^d fTOiii blowing, are rou§ed at his 

will. I them 

So he fa^cced Chemdown in the ^ip, with a shiainij; cord around 
Of silvet,llruL none ^Ijuuld ^ϋμ the k-a*J;>jfllicuiaifi that bouudtboaii 


Ctff flDtpwrp 


But he lent me the west wind fajr, the course of the galley to speedy 

iicuing the Hcct fuEi sail, — but all was of no avfiil, 

FtjT we perished, fooU Ih^t we Wcie, hy our own infatuate deed t 

Yet for nice days' spa<:c we steered unswervingly, day and night, 

Until t>a the tenlh appealed our fatherland -soil insight. 

And now so ncot were wc as the watch fire 'lenders to spy : 30 

Tliea swr*el sleep tiiuie upon inc. for lliat uttetly wearietl wa^ I : 

For thai evor 1 kepi mine hand on tJw tihe»;t- iwid 1 suff(7r*id none 
To tftke iu Mive me, of my bond» that our horac might the sooner 

be won< [tl'cy ίο\ά, 

Bui my men miiilr]i4if*d th^ while, and iheii thonghis lo e^ich other 
Saying bow that 1 baie to tlie iaie of my blher» eilver and gold, 
Gills civcn bv Hippotcs" son, by ihe groal'soulcd Aeolus, 
And tliey louKcd an their fellQwa. ^nd tme W anolhef 'gaa whisper 

thus : 
■ Uo you f how this tosji over in honour and favour doth sl&nd 
With aII manner of folk» whensoever he comes to tboir chyor Uod t 
From Tioy h he hearing away muoh goodly treasure of spoil ; 40 
But we wcMit on rhe same war-pAth, wo endured the selfsame toil, 
And home for our penis and paina but empty hands do we lake. 
Lo, this hath Aeolus lavished upon him for fnendship's sake ! 
Go ro. lee 115 hA^len and see what thing shall be found herein, 
What treasure of gold and of silver k hidden within thi& skin/ 
So the evil advice of my ct&w pr^vailod, and they loosened the 

cord ; [roaied. 

Then, lushing suddenly through, the mad winds rcvulled and 
And the hurricane snutched them and bore ihem aw^ty and awAy ori 

the deep [weep- 

Out of sii/hl rf their fatlierkind-^hore; they could only tameni and 
And 1 woke, and 1 saw tins thing that my shipmatcfi had doQ£ 

unto me ; 50 

And ! wavered, whether to fling myself out (r> a death in (bo sea, 
Or wiih patience lo hear my grief, and *till with the living fo st;iy. 
And at loBl 1 endured io live ; but I covered njy head, and lay 
In ttie ship, and the i^Alloya the whtk by the rage of the tempest 

weic swept 
Back to A^oTia's isle, and my shipmates hment«d and wept. 
So there did we land, and wo drew from a fountain to water the Heet. 
And then did my storin-atrickoa crew by the iffltley» prepare them 

And wo At• of It heavy-beart^d, and ftooD as the meal waa o'^ 
With A herald 1 th«nce departed, and one companion more. 
To ^0 to the echojtii; house of AeoluA, There I fouud Inm 5a 

PeaMinji^' alon^' wiiti his spou», and the throng of his cliiidren 

arotind him. 
And wc entered in, and we sat on the threshold the pillar beside. 
And ail thoy marvdlcd thereat in ihrJi hrarti^.aiid Iu ub they tiied: 
* Them hrrr, Odysseus I — what God hath evil «niTeated ibee SO t 

BOOR χ. 

of boniff. 


Did wtr not sfrncj ihce away in pearc, ihjtl ihon mightest depart 
To ihr. }ΛΤ\ά of th^ fathers, thine homCj nnd whereso thy will was 

to go f ■ 
So did they «peak, and lo ibeni I mitdc answer, heavy of hcAtI : 
' My conuades were false to tne : ihey, and cruel slunilwr, betrayed 

But heal yc my sorrow, my friends : yc only ate able to aid mc/ 

In pil)i[ig silence they heaid my ^oirowfal supplicalioD : 
Bui their faTher. with ati^er stirrnd, flamed forth in hif indignation : 
' Avaum from the isUod with ha!^tc, thou v'uc%t οι all that Uve I 
It were impious for me to speed on his homeward way, or to give 
Ally help to a wretch that h^th kindled ilifs Imte of the Dwi<ikrsia 

h\hs. [thisr 

Avaunt 1 tie the hale of the Gods everlasting h*th brouf^ht thee to 

So he dravc me away from his door, and with sighing deep J dc- 

]>arled. [hearted : 

Thence stood we out from the shori*, aad we sailed on, fioirowful- 
And our spirits K^ew weary and sore with vainly toiliu^ in rowing. 
For now there appeared uo moro any help to our home ward-going. 
Tlnwt^eii for days iwici" three did we toil ihroiigh the day and the 

night : 80 

On the seventh slow rose from the so* the dly of Lamua in sLUfht, 
Loc&trygonia vwith i^aic!) built wide, where fthcpherd lo ncatlierd 

This, foldicg at eventide, that, leaving with mominc the walle. 
There mt^hi a sleepless wit^hc foi his loiU gain twofold pay. 
Vca, » douhle wag^- shculc] ho earn, tending' oxen and sheep in turn, 
For the goingE-forth of ihe night Are hard by the brnalting of day. 
And a gocsdly haven wc foiird, and fiboot it the tall ciifia stand, 
Λί a great wall ruiiuijiti around, luibroken on cither hand. 
And huge hlufTs towering high rise, guarding the mouih of the bay, 
Facing each other and nigh, for strait is the entrance-way. 90 

Then imo the haven did all my crews their galleys stet^r» 
And witliin the engirdling wall were [hey nLoored. to each other 

For no vast swell from the deep rolled <larkening into the bay: 
Not a wave to the shore did sweep, hut within it a white calm lay. 
But I, I only. leftained fimn bringing my galley inside ; 
At the ouEermotl edge we remained: ton rock were the hAweeia 

tied. thea: 

And 1 c:lϊlll^ed to a tough cr^'s height, and tga^ed on the laiidstape 
Bui Iheie nowhere appeared tn sight any labours of oxen or men, 
Bm afar thore appeared to our view, &om ihe earth up^prmgiDg, a 

Then did I acud of my ctc^w to Fnc]uttc what manner of follt 100 
Were Ihey in the land that lived, and the fruiu of the earth 

And I choeo two men for the qu&aE. and wilh Ihcm a herald I sent : 

tICbr Φϋ^ΕΦΐρ 


So they landed, and inlajid they pressed by a highway, whereon 

wains wont 
Drawing The timber down from the ιηουηΐ&ίιΐ£ into ihe ioiwd. 
And a maiden they mei ai the spring in front of the gai^s, draif^^ 

The La^strygonmn king Anliphfltes' stately daughter: 
And the pniiccss was iicwly comedown to Arlocia's fountain favr» — 
For thenr.e the folk of the town were wont thdr waier to hear : — 
And the men drew near^ ana spoke to the maiden, jvnd prfiyod her 

to Say 
Who wa^ the king of the (oik, and who dwelt under liis s^Ay. i lo 
And with haste she showed them the place of the palace, and en- 
tering in 
They beheld with startlGd amoj» the form of i gi&nt queen. 
Huge as n motmEAin-peiik. and lhc;y iiliuddcieit at th^l drcjid Thing, 
Uut she rushed to the fijlkmote to eeek her husband, tiie u\o.ti- 

eatin^ kini;. 
Swiftly, with tt^tiwl intent, rushed on them the monster gtim, 
And he seized ii[xjn one, ^nd he rent him, and honibly feasted on 

But hack lo tho ships with feet Icnor-wingcd did the others fly ; 
And shoulinfi along (he street he pursued, and tame Jt his ciy 
The L^itryyonmn thfong by thoiieiinds from every hand^ 
Not liko iinlo nn^n, but Htronj- uno buf^c aa a g^innt band, iso 

And duwn from the ranip^rt of rock great utcnc^^t the galleys they 

dashed ; 
And ever mth shock upon shock the limbers shivered and crruhcd, 
With shrieks of perishing men» and withroiidtnfrof plank and keel : 
Like fifthos they speared Eheni then, and iLcy wou tnciti ά ImttMc 
Bm wliile our conipanions died that d«<p ^^ea hav^n within, [meal• 
bwittly I snatched from beside my thigh my falchion keen. 
And with h^htmn^;' sweep of the blade cut ndrift the ship dork- 

pruwed; («houled aluud, 

And iry tremNing companions I bade, as 1 cheered them, and 
With might and main at the oat to lu^, frxim the n^ischief to flee ; 
And in terror of death they tore ihc blades through the foam of the 

spa. iM 

TiJl with jov from the fnut hhie wave we beheld where the d:na' 

dnik frown [went down* 

Gloomed over the crimsoned grave where the rest of ihc fletl 
Thiiticc Siiiltd we awiy o'ei the sen, sud-hearted leaving the coast, 
ulad from the death to tlee^ but grieved for companions losl. 

And Tvc came lo an island fair, Acva, wherein was the dwelling 
Of Circ^ with beautiful L;iir and the voire οί sweetness excelling, 
T>rrad GoddtsK of many a spell, even s;ich as Ae*tcs the fell ; 
For they both were born of Ihc Sun that gladdoneth men with hie 

And ihcir motiwr wa» Persu, aneof the daughters uf Occan-stit 

BOOK χ. 

ΰΐ ^omrr. 


Aod in bilence we came Eo Ihe pkce, Λπά in ^looin dropped doM-n to 

the \&Et\. 14U 

To Λ haven ample of epace. led sure by a heuvenly hand- 
And wo Uodcd. and lyini; thcru ti4x> daysi two ni^ht) did rciriain, 
Batit:|; urn htfuriii witli uiie iuid witli giicf. aiid wilti wimiliicu paitr. 
But nt Ust, when the third morn shook bright tret^te» abroid« d«w- 

ftt reaming'» 
My lanc« in mine hand I took, and my keec sword brA£&u-t;te4iuin^ ; 
And with speed from the ehtp went I, and 1 climbed a hi^h plicu 

U tidds I perchance might capyi or cnii^ht hear the voices of nieo< 
And I ^Aual iimii the lu^ky height aioimd inc on every bdUil : 
And a smoke appeared to my night springing up from the hroad- 

wayed land, fetood ; — 130 

From the heart of a dark oak-wood, — where the palace of CircU 
And looking thereon I wondered, and doubted within my hrcosi 
To £0 and ta know why broke through the forest that Jlame- flushed 

siroko : 
And thus thereupon as I pondered, it seemed unto me I0 be best 
First to return lo my mea on the shore where the swift ship lay, 
And iG give them to eat^ and then to send explorers awav. [sen. 

But as thiEhcr my steps I bent, and drew :iigh to the ship and Ihe 
Through the woodland alone as I wcnl« some God had pity on me. 
And a stag lalln-nilered sert, ϊο that right in my path came be. 
Trom a glade of his forest-home that stately beatt had come 
To the river to driiik> for the might of the son did scorchin^ly 

shine ; 1 60 

And even as he turned to depart, 1 hurled at the noble hart, 
And the braceii spear leapt right through the midst of his back nt 

ihc spine ; 
And down in the dusi he fell as shivered his dyitifi bell. [wound. 

And J aet an the nuarry my fool, and 1 drew the lantc from the 
And there by λλ oak^s gnarled ro^t J laid it along on Ihe fcxiund» 
Then creepers and withies strong [ pulled, arid I deftly pJied, 
And Λ ri>pc a fathom long, well-iwisted from side lo side, 
Plaiting, together 1 bound the feet of the monstrous prey ; 
And I bare It, hanging around my neck, to the galley away, 
pT(»pping my steps wilh my speur, for I could not in any wise ijm 
By a hand on my shoulder boar it, so huge was the wood-beast's 

sue, [near. 

And Ε cast It down on the sand by the ahip, and to eadi djawtng 
I roused my disconsolate band, and I spake to them words of cheer : 
• Ho friends ! we are not to go yet lo the gloom of the netherworld 

home, [come. 

W'hatsoei^cr our anguish of heart, till the day of oui faie shall be 

Up, for so long as meat and driok in Ihe galley dnxh lin, Mis/ 

We will comforl our hearta with food, and by famine we will not 

So did J speak, and ray crew right speedily hearkened to mc ; 


Hit flDliiiiissfp 


And lli« tlyals from tJidr head» lh«/ wilhiircw l>y the shore of the 

Abd thor^did lhe> gase onthefitagwithflma;c«, for gigantic was ho. 
But ivhcti they hod all of ihcm I ftslcd delight in bcholdiriK thcbcaet, 
The^ washed Cheir hands, and ihcy ijasted, anj m^dc theiii a goodly 

5o throi;gh the Itvdcng day, till che sun's light faded away, 
Sal WfC feasting upoo sweet wineand oa meats untold- [upon fold. 
And m last, wiieo the saii weis ^oDe^ <ldc] tlic gloom gaUiered, foUl 
We lay and slept where the ripplr^i crept to the murmunng shore. 
Till che Jioay-ftngered, ihcswccl Down, lingered mid mists no more. 
Then I gathered my comrades, and unto them ^11 my speech I 

addressed : 
' Shipmates, give ear unto me, albeit by troubles oppressed : 
Lo, friends, we cannot lellherc where lieth (be east or the west, 190 
Ntithec where siiikelli the &un beneath tlic carlh to his rest» 
Nor where he reUirnelh again : hut lei ns consicier and ^e 
If counsel be any to help us : and scaicely, I Irew, shall there be. 
For I saw erewhiie, as 1 chmbed a rugged rock to behold. 
How that this is an island with limiiless waters aiounJ ii lulled. 
It is low in the sea : and I saw with mine eyes^ as uaiing I stood, 
A certain smoke that arote from the heart o£ α dark oak-wood." 
So did I speak, and tlicroat tbeir heart was broken with gricl; 
Kor ihey called τυ reiikembrance that which the LEeslry^onian 

chief [agUD ; ^co 

Had done» and with shuddciiag fears they thought of the Cyclops 
And Inttei arid loud wero ihcii dies as the hot tears ran from their 

«yes ; [vain. 

Vet ρτϋΜ canie none of their tearst end their mourning was all i& 
And thereafter ! numbered my ctcw, and div-idcd in twain my 

bautl ; 
Afld appointed them captains two, the rest of the men CO command. 
And the lioop thai myedf led not to Eurylochus' hiknd I gave; 
And a brazen morion wc took, and the pebbles within it wc shook, 
And forth uf ii Tp-apt \Uv ]ol ;jf Eurylochus godlike and brai/e. 
So he turned him to go oa ibe quest with the twenty and two of hig 

band ; [at rand. 

Weeping they went, and the rest tarried mourning behind on ihc 
Mid the glcn^ of the forest lone the palace of Cifrfi they found sio 
Builded of polished stone in a fair clear parcel of ffr^^>^d ; 
And with wondering Etwc g^rcat wolves they saw and lions around. 
Bewitched by the Goddess, when with her diug^ she had wtou^cht 

a charm. [harm ; 

Yet these rushed not on the men» neither looked as Ibem 
Cut they c^mc with their long tails swaying caressingly, fawning 

and playing. [receive. 

Ami even as around tbeir toid tfaiong hounds as they fawn to 
What time he comes from the board, the morselt» be ueetb to give, 


of t^oiitn-. 



So iftwniD^ ihc wolves ippcarcd, aud ibe iioas of migbl> claw 
ArouDtl those men, Aiid llivv fearcti as [he 1umbl« monsters th^y i^aw. 
j\iid thoy«tood in the porch of the dome of tbcGodtie&aof beaulifut 

heir ; 320 

And ϊί voice was Mnging within, clcar-nnging with mcludy nrt; ; 
It Vfa& CiTC& ihnf ssTLg al the loom high'ScT and iinoanhly hiir, 
Dninly And nne, as the J^bours diviue of Goddcssee aro- 
And them Polites ft(Jdrcsscd> a captain of prowess in war, 
Who was neaier ihaii ^11 ibe rest una dearei to me ^y fttr* ; 

Friends, there is ^ome one within at the loom that paccth about, 
Acd the whole hall echoes again as the bcauEitul vo:ce rings out : 
de^ or woman U she : let us hail her from hence with a 

So did he counsel, and they uplifted iheir voices and cried ; 
And she came from her loom Away, and sh<^ tluug the bright doors 

wide. J 50 

\m\ she bade my companions enter, and ihcy in theii ignorance 

went ; 
but Etirylcchus would not venture, fbrelx)dine hor ^Icful intent. 
And she brought thcni to where in a chamber did thrones «ind 

couches shine : 
And b:Lrley and obevse ana amber honey m Pr:imnian wino [food, 
She mingled and stirred; but abc Mrewcd ber dfufu of woe in Lho 
That they nii^hi no more rememl;er tbeif land far over ihe brine- 
And she gave che bowt to my band, and they drank ; in a moment 

then [to a pen. 

She amotc the men willi her wand, and she drove ihcm — swine — 
And the hi^ad* and (he voices they had of swine, and rhe form all 

With loathiicetbHetlcscWIi but their mind remained as before. ^0 
Wecpiiii' and iibiiekin^ ihif-re wetc tbey penned, and Cirtc cast 
Before tnem, 10 mock their despair, the acorn and cornel aod mast 
For thoLr eating, even the meat that earth wallowing swine ever 

Dut Euiylocbus hack lo the lleet l^lack galley is come lynig Ea.'it, 
Bringing word of The bitter fate of hi& friends unto us that remain ; 
Ycl he find no power to relate the story, however fain, 
Heart -stricken with angnish gre^t : in his eyes was a very rain 
Of streaming tf*ars, ard ir muuining his heart was whrlmtcl and 

in woe. [honor to know ; 

And wc marvelled» and questioned him, burning the cause of hia 
Till, in tones that weie one ton g wail for tbe lost, he told hi» tale : 130 
* yi'e pa'^sed, as thou bad'si, Oclys-seus, riidat twilight of oak-irees 

Till amidst of the forest glens α ^oodl^ paUco we found, 
Fitii buildeil of polished stones, m a wide cleai parcel of ground. 
There was some one siDging with voice clea 

ehti plied, 



φφτ JDtif!04ni> 


Eittier Goddees or wotmui r my iellowfi uplifted thefr voices λώο 

And frwiltly she cAmc forth Ibcnce, And the shinJQif ύ*Μη% Aung 

Aod siie bade them enter, and alJ toj^cttcr in iRnorance w«nt ; 
Bitt Alone J tarried without, for«bodinjf her Kuilcful iotcal• 
And lliey vanished all : not one cAme larth lo the light again, [260 
Though long Hme stttiag ivithoui did 1 eagerly watr htng rumAio,' 

O'er my shoulder my brazen brand, lonf;, diver- sCuddc^, I tlucg, 
And 1 look my bow in my hand» and my quiver behind nic ! huug ; 
And 1 straightway ruminandod the man to Imd πΐΐ? ihe ^ι^ΙίβΰΓηο 

But ha clasped tny knocs, and bef^ac ic a pasuion of terror to pray. 
And he wailod, and the hot tears run from hi^ eyes, ftod thus did be 

Ό drag me ηϋΐ thither perforce, but suffer me here lo remain ; 
For I know thou wdt nevttr come back, nor brin^ one of our coniradeG 

Bui let n^ with ih«&e ihai lie left fuU h^MlIy ^d ui awav. 
For still, it may bfl, there le tim• to escape from the evil day.' 

Then to the cowering ctavca In sadness and jjcorn 1 replied ; 470 
' Even SD, ButybLLiijj» tboti iu lliy pluve ^hhU lafiily aliide. 
Eating and drinking beside vhe hollow ships and tbo »tia ; 
And 1 will ^c thither atonoi for a mighty coBSlraint is on mo/ 

So d«pariiiig from htm and the i«t, I went up to the unknown 

And through solemn glens I pressed, and now was I nigh at hftnd 
To the palace of Circi, the drcud Witch-goddess of beautiful haifi 
AnJ fleiiiies of GtilJcu Ri^d tlieie met me, the way as I itod 
On to the palace that led, ard the form of 1 youth he bare 
Whose life is lovely and youngi *ilh the first soft down on his chin ; 
To mine band ivttb hi:? fmgcra he clLing, and thus did he gently 

begin : [ate 

■ Whither, Ο hapless one, through the mountajnt alone dost thou 

w&Dder, [yonder 

Through places thou knowcst not ? Thy compauious are prisoncil 
In Cirr^*<i pAlarc as swine : in a dLmgeoH'^iy are they now : 
And ajt thou come hither to free them ) I toll thee, not e%en thou 
Shalt return frotn the place, but thou shalt be made as one of the 

Nay, I wiit deliver thee our of the ptrttls of thi« Ihy quests 
Lo lhi« strong countcr-chaTro :— thou take \i, and hio thee away 
To her palace : thi* shall avert from thine head tho evil day. 
All CircS'e deadly spcIU unto thee will I now declare : [there, 200 
She will mix thee a «ummej'diaujfht, and drugs will ihe ca8t In 
Bui she nhall not havo power to bewitch thcc ao, for the couoler- 

Th^I I shall give unto thee khall defend thy Ixkdy from hum. 

WOK χ. 

of ^onirr. 


Now AS goon as the Goddess shall smite thy body wftb th&t long 

Out of i\\i- ^CiibbAfd in^ttdt iby fakliiuu wilb i^uOJtiD liuiid» 
And ut^h iipt>n Circu ns though thnii wouMst slay her; but siiQ 

will crouch 
Before thee in sUttled ftfhight, αη4 will bid thco unto her cducb» 
Th^n ihoLi shah deny her not. nor reject the Goddes^^'s bod, 
To ih« end she may ftee thy companions, and Ihou niay&st homo- 
ward be &ped : (power, 
liul command her to swear the oath of the Blcs^d» the oath of 
Thflt she will nt^ im-igiiie against ihee some strange dark iiiiM.hief 

and dtead, 300 

Nor quail thuc and turn to theshapeof a bnjie in thy fencelet hour/ 

So .npcAkiu^» the ma^c root the Slayer of Argils bestowed, — 
[n tlir? Purih it gren' nt lib foot.^ — unt} the η;ι(υΐε thereof he shewed• 
Bluck was the root of the samcf h\i{ the ilower ih&reof nnik white, 
Which Moly the liifih Gods Dame : hard U it for mortal miRht 
To rend the toot from the ground ; but U\e Gods' power knoweth 

Di) Ixitir^d, 
ThMS having spokdii to me, Id Qlympus wa^ Hermes f^one 
tho forest-clad isle of the sea : and I to thi: palace went on, 
ilss the durk thoughts surgct) in my breast Ubie the sea iu it?^ 

wild unrr«Ht, [310 

And I stood at the gate of the hall of the Goddoss of beautiful haiii 
Ana 1 lifted my voice to call, άώο the Goddess b&ard me there : 
And she carne from within, and wide she tlung the shining door» 
Crying ■ Come I ' ; &nd 1 passed in&ide, but my heart with trouble 

was sore. 
So she led lue in. and she brought to a silver -studded seat 
B«u>ifu). richly -wrought, with a footstool beneath for my frnt. 
And she mingled a draught for me in a goblet of maissy sold. 
And ber drugs therein cast ^he, that sorceress evibaoLucd- 
And [ took the cup in my hand, and I drank, but the charm worked 

not : [dark thought : 

And she smote me then with her wand, acd she uttered her heart's 

* Dfipart thou now :o the sty, with the rest of thy fricjids to lie/ jao 
Bui swift at the woid Ϊ snatched my liwofd from beside my thigh. 
And I rushed, as in act to wrealc the vengeance of doath on her there. 
Hut she ^ith a loud wild ^hnek run nndor the sword made hare» 
And with while arms flung round my knees she clung with eager 

prayer; [they dwell ? 

* Who art thou, and whence ? and thy wife and th^ parents, where do 
I raarvel that drinking of this thou waat not bewitched by the ^pell : 
For before thee liaih no man's strength availed thcM: drugs tooutUst, 
When once he b»th drunk, when once through the fence of hfs teeth 

they have passed. 
Straugely thou hast in thy bosom a eoul no charms can bind I 
Can it be that thou art Odys»eu», ttie beio of ^iftfui LUtnd. ^30 


*Jlit φύ^ΰΰΐ^ 

Whose corning was ever foreioM me Uy Hermes of Golden Waml, 
Whai time in the swift l>b<:k ship thou sliouldsi soil from the Troad- 

land ? 
Coinc, p^it up thy sword in his sheath, and let us ascend my bed, 
And frurn loving rnihtacc Irr tnisifitl f;vitli in cucb oihpt Ua brcc!-' 

So did she spenk, but in un«wer ϊο her did I wcirily say : 
' Ο CtrcC, how canst thou bid mc to turn from mine ancer away, 
Who hast made my compauiuns swine in thine halls ihU very day, 
And, havir^ me h«ie, dost only with Ireaclierous heart bid me 
To enter ihy chan:iLcr wittia, and ascend tfay couch with thee. 
That weapcnices. man no more. I may be but thy sorcery's thntU ? 
1 will iiol consent, not I. lo approach to thy couch at all, [34O 

Untess thou he willing» Gofld^se, to lak^ ih<< osth of power 
ThM then wilt not iin£4:ire my hurt in any Mngoarded hour.' 

So did { speaU, and ^c swore the oath inviolate, dread- 
But after the swi^aring was t>*er, and all was done as 1 9Stid, 
I ascended, in peril no motr, «nto Circfi'a lovely bed. 
And Circe's maidcnr, the wliiln full swiftly thoir labours plied» 
Four handmaids thot wont to toil in the lialU of ihc palace wide I 
And these are the daughters of fountains, and sprung from the 

forest 'tree, 
And of nvoTi that roll from the mountains their sacred streams to 

the sea. 330 

And (heit several tasks they sped : Ihe one [i]H}n thrnnes 'gnn strow 
Ruts dyed of the purpls-red, with fail smooth cloths below ; 
And ihe ^tccnd before each throne set tables of silver white, 
And Ihe bread she ariaycd Lhereuo in baskets golden-hri^t ; 
And the third in a silver bowl *gan mingle the wine flame-faced, 
That OS honey ;& sweet to tha «oul, and goblets of gold she placed ; 
And the fourth from the fount α in -stream brought sporkhng water 

and iJuuied 
Into a Uipot!, und steam arose as the red fiame* T0SLr«d> 
U'htn the water bubbled lor heal in the caldron brightly -flashing, 
She tempered iti making it sweet to the sen» and meet for Ihc 

WHshifig. 360 

In th« }nv«r 1 ^ni, and the maid fron^ the mighty tripod shed 
Wartii streams that dehghtsoiucly strayed down over my shoulders 

and head, 
From my limbs all dreamily taking the pain of their toils heart- 
breaking : 
And when she nad i>athcd me so, end Anointed with unguent rare^ 
Atiotil me thru did she throw a luuic and nii^nife fair. 
And me from the l^aih she led to a silver -sj^anfilf^i seat 
Cunninily wrought, nig spread, with a footstool Iwrneath for my Icet- 
Aod the bright spring water was brought by a maiden, and potired 

from a cwet 
Golden, beam ifub wrought, into kver of silver pure, 
To wash withal, and nhe spread a table of polished sheen 370 


Of ^omir. 


IJCEide me, and ger\-ed was Ihc broftd hy tbc stowArJo^ modeet of 

mien ; 
And with mr^ts she covered it o'er, giving frenly of all her Mote. 
And she bade me to eat of the fare ; but λ cloud was ov«r my KOt;), 
Aiid 1 ^t with my thoiiifhts otherwhere, and I loEtlhed the meat and 

the bowl. 
But when CEtc* was ware of my mood, and saw that 1 would not 

Aught of the dainty food, but was sad with a sore hcAn-achc, 
Auigli unto iiic she stoud. Aiid the hght-wmgcd words she spike ; 
' Wbeiefore, Odysseus, thus as a man that U dumb dost thou sit, 
Gnawing thine hcfirt, and wiit not tako of the wine and the tnecit ? 
Do9t thou bode any treachery yet? — thou nccdest oot i ie^i not 

thou ; 580 

Foi did I not swear the oath of might unto thee but now ? ' 
So did she speak, but hciivy reply unto her I addressed : 
* CJrce» hew ihould a inaiJ with a loyal heart iii his lireast 
Endure to sil ai fhe wiren and to tasie the hanquels delight 
Or ever he rescued his friends, and beheld them attain in his sJgbt ? 
If with all rhino heart tliou dost bid me to drink and to cat ofthy 

Free chem, thai I with mine eyes may behold my companions dear,' 
'" ~^ to thf Goddese I spakei and forth of the hall she hied ; [wide -, 
Her wand in her hand did she take, iind the doors of the sly flucg 
And forth she drove the men [oatle like unto iiionslrou^ swine. 390 
And she ranged them in front of bur then, and she passed along 

the line. 
With ΛΠ unguent wherein there Iny ntrw magic sbe tovched each 

And 3£ water tleotinjg away from tbetr limbs were the bristles gone 
Which bad grown of the drug chat before was given by Ihc dread 

SpelNQueen. [been ; 

And ]o, ihey were rnen once more, and younger than etsc they had 
And taller of ttaturc were they, and their comohnesg goodEier shone. 
And they knew we, and round their chief they pressed, to my hands 

Ibey clung : (gladness ; 

And a passion of tender &a:Ines^ gtoU through Che heart of their 
Weird echoes of joy and grief round Che walls of tho palace were 

6ung. [heard ; 400 

Yifi, the Goddess was pity-stirred, tti their laughter una rrymg she 
And thus ^pake she, drawing nigh unto me with a counselling word : 
■ Ο seed of Zeus and Laertes, Odysseus resourceful and wise, 
Go now to the shore of the fiea« to the place where the galley lies. 
First haul up the ship on the land from the deep, of the stir^wash 

Then stow ye away in caves your goods and your tackUn^^gear, 
And thereafter cotne hack lliyself. and bring Ihy companions dear/ 
So did she a^eak, and tberetc mine heart was fain to obey : 

κ ■ 


ff ^lii'tferj 

Απίί 1 hied rne away to my crew, on ihe shore where the swift ship 

And thete aa I cAmc to tlic sea, I found my compamona dear 
Liimeuliay pilcousl/ with muan and wjili pushing iear, dit> 

And as calve» on λ lone farm-stead, at the ΐιουτ when the kme 

troop homa 
On the pa&tuiC'gra&s fii]]-fed. and uuCo the fold'yard cumc. 
All leap in frant of ihcra ^olng to 11<τ lyre ; rn llic ρ«*α!ί not one 
Will tarry, but loudly towmg around their mctthers thay rua : 
Soi whoc after all their fwirs the^ looked with xhi^ii eye^^ uDon mo. 
They Ihiovf tlicmwilvesou mcwilh tcara. and their tnoucl sremed 

even CO be [tiiArket'Stead 

Although to their land they n^re come, £tnd their towD» and the 
la their ruKfcrcd tthacan home wh«rein they were born and bred. 
Λίϊϋ wailiiiy aud vwceping the lighi-wiugcd words bpakt' they anlu 

me : 

* Tf> 6aa thee coming again, Ο hero, ns glad are wo 430 
As though wa had won to the mhcrlAndhomc in our heart» Icme- 

chKrished. [^jeiishea.* 

Come, tell us concerning the re^t of our friends, and how they 

So did they sptak, but I made answer with worJa of cheer : 
' FirM \et iLs haul up the galley on land, of the surf-line dear. 
And bestuw out possessicjn> in ciivctns, with all ihe galley's gear. 
Then gel you up with speed ; we will aU together fare 
To the palace of Circ(, and so shall ye sec your companions there 
Eating and drinking in pcice, for enough they have and to spAre/ 

Then wtlh spsed ihey tiegan to obey, bitt only Eurylochus tried 
My men from the venture tc slay, and thus Cotheothershecried^^jo 

* Ο wietdics and doomed ! do yo long for your ona undoing» th^it 

Yo mu£t needs go down to the Palace of Spells, where all of us 
Shall to wolves or to swine or to lions be turned by the witch wife's 

To kt^p Λ wejiirtful watch around fhe enchanted Ixiwer ? 
Even 30 did ihe Cyclops in prison pen them, when into his den 
Our companions wout, and wilh them Odysseus» rashtst cf men ; 
For all of hih madness il was that they wretchedly perished thr-n/ 

So did he speak, but I, in my wrath at the word that he said, 
Snatched fronn beside my tTiif-h my lon^ keen pu in ted blade, 
And WAS minded to smiic oft his head, and to dash it adown on the 

ground ; 440 

Thou|,'h my kinsman, his blood had I shed, but the rwt of my men 

catno round, 
With soft words, eftch after other, to tum my purpoM «way : 

* Hero divine, w« will heed not him, we will leave nim tottay 
Here, an thoj wilt, and to guard the galley beside th* aeA ; 
ΒχϊΙ lead thou on unto Circfi's hall, we will follow thee/ 

So went they up from the strand, dot yci Eorylochus etayedr 


of ^omrr. 




But hfi followed flie rest of the bftiidi by my terrible threat «Us- 

Meanwhile the rcat oi my crow by CircC with IctDdcst care 
lo the baih were rcfrehhcJ Erom ihctr toil, and auuluted 

odorous oii. 
And soft rich mantles slie threw iboai them, xno timici fair 
Aad when these in the hall wc found, glad revel there were t^ey 

keeping ; 
Atid &o, when the nigh-losi men beheld each other a^in, [weeping ; 
Th« pAlacc echoed iround lo the noise of their movunint; and 
Dul unto my side came (he Goddess, and cried to my fellow» then ; 
' Ο Zcvs and Laeries" seed, Odysseus shtflful al need, 
W«ep and lament no niore, for I Ictiow of myself full well 
All ye h^ve sulfered, the woes on the 6sh-fraught sea that befell, 
And the mischief Ehat foemen have done yoi: on many a hostile 

But oonie now, eat of my meat, and dnnk of the wine that I pour, 
Till your spirit revive in your breast, and ye all be again stout- 

hedit&J, 460 

Even as when at the first from your fatherland -Ule j'c departed : 
Hut now is your stieniith dried up. there ie no more spint in you ; 
For ye brood on your wandering sore, their memory ever is new. 
And ye have no he4rl for mitlK such troubles^ have ye come 

So did the Goddess eay, and our spirit consented Co hear. 
And urryin^ d^y after tlay in hei palace tlimugh all that year. 
Sat u^e feasting upon sweet wine and on meatv untoUK 
Hut alter the year was gone, ae the round of the seascns rolled, 
And the moDtns were bora and died, and the long days dreamily 

Then my comrades took me aside, and thus unto me ihey aafd : 470 
■Dreamer, arouse theel bethink thee at lu^l of iby b^therland 

If indeed ihou lie fated to 'scape froEn thy perils, and yet to come 
To the land of thy fathers Again, and thy palace'« statdy dome>* 
bo unio πιο did they pray, and their counsel was good in mine 

Howbeit rhrongh one more day, till the «nn &ank out of the skies, 
bat we foaeting upon sweet wine and on meals untold, 
Even till the sun was fionc, and the leloom Kathcrcd, fold upon fold ; 
And [hey laid ihem down to i>leep in i>ie halls mid the shadow* 
But I lo the high couch went of Circc passing-fair, [deep. 

And low at her knees 1 bent, and (he Goddess heard my prayer 4tfo 
Aa I knelt and addressed niy humble request to the Speli-Quecu 
' Ο Circi, 1 pray the«; fulfil the promise lUoa gavesE lo me [ttiere : 
To send me home, for i^tirreth my spirit restlessly ; 
Aod my comrades arc pining : mine heart is brcalcing hccAuae of 

their c£>. 


'tiijf ipti^ffrp 


For mourning around me they com&. whensoever thou art not by/ 

So spake I, Ihe Goddess divine made instant reply again : 
' 2eLi& and Laertes" seed, Odysseus shiftful at need, 
Ag;iinsl your pltasurn within mint ha\h no iutfgcir tciuatn : 
But ye needs must joiirney first by another path, till yc come 
Urito the palace of H&deii and drcud Per!»3phonu's heme, 490 

To enquire of the prophet oi Theljc^ toncciniitt: ihe high Gods* 
Teircsias, sightless seer, who hiilh imderstanding sfiU ; [will, 

Since on hiiu alone of the dead did PersephonC sense bestow 
And knowledge ol things, for the rest aie but sb&dows that Uit to 
and fio-' [lo bie^k, 

But wUh hearing ihe words th^i she «aid mine heart went nigb 
And 1 wept as 1 sal on the bed ΐ no more could niy spinl tako 
Any pleasure ίη still living oui andbcholJin;? the hght of the sua: 
But I wept and I idled to aod fro m a passion of helpless pain. 
TiJJ iuy heart Wfls aweuy of woe. And 1 aAaw«r«d the Qoddess 

•0 Cifci, but who forauch joorncyas this shall arise for my guide? 
Unto Hades never hath black ship vet spe;! over the ttdi» ' ' 
So did 1 moan, but the Goddess divine forthright replied : 
*2eus" aod Laertes' seed, Odysacus, shififul at need, 
Let thy lack of a guide in thy galley in no wi^e disquiet thy iniud» 
But set up the mast, and^ spreading the white sail out to (he wind. 
Sit still ; for the breeze of the north shall carry the black ship oil| 
Till out of the sea and across the Ocean-strcani thou be e^one- 
There b a lone waste beach whi^re the grovesof Persephone lie, 
Where the aspens shiver, and fruits of the willgw in blossoinLng 

There beacli ye the i^Allcy by Occftrt -river's deep-eddying flow, 510 
Btit thyself 10 the drear dark homr of H<ides shalt onward go. 
There into Acheron dash Pyriphlegethon's toarirg water, 
And the gurgling moac of CocyCus' river, the Styx's daughter. 
In the midist of the thunder of meeting livers a rock doth standi 
Hero, when thither thou eoniest, be niindful of my command. 
A trench shalt thou dig thee, in compass a cvtbit aboiit^ foursouarc, 
And around il to all thu dead shalt ihoti pour drink -ofierinirs there ; 
Thf first be of iiuiicy and milk, sweet wine for the next shall flow, 
And th* third he of water, while barley-grains over all sJiah thou 

slrow, [vow, 530 

Thou shal! kneel to Ihe Mrcnglhlcss heads of the dead with mariya 
How thitt when ihoLi art come to thine halls thou wilt offer a lurren 
Thy beU, and wilhalon the altar treasures of price wilt heap, [cow, 
And| besidcSi to Teiit^cias only wilt sacritice a sheep 
Utterly black, the chiefcst of all on tliy hills that have led. [dead, 
But when Ihou hast ended thy prayers to the tribe* of the gloriou» 
Then shall ihou sacrifice a ram and a ewe deadhlack, [back, 

TLuning their heads to the netherworld gloom, but ihyMlf looking 
StCAdU^tly scLtidg thy fftcc to the stieani ot lite river, and then 



The spirils ivhaJI come in A niiinlwrlesi throng, the ghostu οί Tni?n. 
Then shatt eLiou sCfAill/ commnrtrl Ihy companionSj rhj^E wuit ;tl Ihy 

side, 530 

To Lake ttio^c sheep, on thccdgcof thcpitilc&sbiasA thatLAva iticdr 
Αώο to fifty ih^in, aaJ bum ihena, and pray to the God^of the world 

of the desd. 
Unto Hades cnthtoQcd in might, and I'crscphonf'^ mjije^ly Ureadn 
But thyself 5halt draw thy f^lchiort keeu frtjiii licsidclhy tbi^h, 
And shalt sit. itdther sulTer the strengthltss heads of ihc dead to 

draw nigh [soor. 

To the blood-pool, ere thou bast seen and enquired of ihc Thebaa 
i>1iaigli1w;iy tti ihee, Ο captain of men, will lh« piopliei appear 
To di?cUirtf thy patb and the measures of ^11 ihy Joumey to thee. 
Even thine homeward track o'et the face of the fish-fraughc sna.' 

Then the Child of the Mist awoke, and the Goldcnthronid shone. 
Fair raiment, a tunic and cloak gave Circt to me, and anon [540 
Ic a silvery-fihmm^' vest full-flowing, of delicate thread» 
The Goddess Im body dressodi ftnd hor dainty f^irdlostoad 
A golden giidlc pressed, and a vcU streamed down from ber bcad- 
And I pasged through fhf palace then, where yet none other had 

stirred ; (word : 

And Ϊ stood over each of my men, nnd aronsed them with ^cntlo 
* Dream nu more Itiiuugh the ilowcry fiehis of ihe sliimberdand, 
Biii let OS arise and depart, f^r Ciri-f hath given coniniand/ 
So did 1 speak, and their he^Tt was minded well to ob<ty. 
Evxn thence did 1 not depart taking all my comrades away ; 550 
For R certain Elpenor ilierc was, onr yoiinfiesl, Ixn liule fit 
Through the fight unlo ^lory to pass, and scanty withal of hia wit, 
\Vho in Circe's palace divine had gone from his comrades aloof» 
Aad had laid him, heavy with wioe. for the cool night air on the 

roof ; [fro 

And by voices and heavy tread of his comrades that moved to and 
StArtlcd, he sprang from his bed, but forj;at, half -wake nod, to go 
To the place where lUe long ladder led to the court in the twilight 

beJow : [bone 

Uul headlong with horror-struck thrill did he fall ; bone started from 
Id hU neck, and he Jay quite still. — for the soul unto Hades was 

Btit the rest of them gathered, and then did I qpeak in the midsi of 

my men : 560 

' Vc arc thmking, belike» to leCvirn to yoar fathorlaod'home again ; 
Nay, hot another road, Mith Circi-, we irst iiiList tread, 
Even to the mansion oJ Hades, the home of Persephont dread, 
To enquire of the spirit cl Tboban Tdrcsios, seor of the dc.'^d.' 

At the word of terrible sound their heart was rent with despair : 
And they eat ihem down on the ground, ^^d they wepi, and tore 

their hair; [there. 

Yet profit came nooc of thdr tcara» nnd their moan was bootless 

136 Hit iDlipeKfrj of ftomtr, book x. 

So bitterly weeping my band went down on their sorrowful way. 
But when we were come to the strand and the place where the 
swift ship lay, [570 

There by the black hull's side were a ram and a ewe dead-black 
Which Circ£ brought thither and tied, and unseen had departed 
Easily 'scaping our ken, for a God goeth to and fro [back, 

Unmarked by the eyes of men : an he wUleth not, who shall know ? 




HtftD ^trg&attas tome unto ^abrff. Antv qjdkr ^itti i^r 

Now th« galley tuy high on th» kcd, ae w« Uft her a y<ar agoiw : 
S;> w^ drag^'cd her down the strand to the UlJowe, and 

Uunchf^cJ hri IhereuQ ι [wtuJ, 

And we hoisted the maM, and we shook the white sail forth lo ihe 
And aboaid thc^ sbeep we Xookt and embarked with a «>TrowfuJ 

Hearl'OvrfcIouJetl with fear, λπΟ shftdding fulj many ft (cuk 
And % brave wind sprang up behind, and I fell the oark prow lift 
\i the s&U bellied out with the wind> and [ kneiv it for Circft's gift — 
Drcud Cioddcs^of voice moat sweet and glorious braided Imir. — 
And when wv had fastened Ihe sheet and the resi of th* ucklin^r 

with cdr«, [^ide ; lO 

We sat in th« ship at our ease, with the y/iad ^ind tho steersman Ci> 
And the «ail all d^y with the hrec/e strained over the rolliu»: tide- 
Dow η In the hliiod'ied sufge dipt the sun, and the enrlh grew dim ; 
And the galley had reached e^(h's verge, the deep-flowing Ocoan- 

Th«re dwell the Cimmenan folk in a dteaty and fiunles« town, 
Overbrooded by ftrowmng doud, and swathed in a misty shroad 
Which never the aim's shafts broke, wherethrcugh he baili ne'&r 

looked down. 
Neither when up lo the pUtn stnr-SDwn hr hath mounted on high. 
Nor yet in inrning aj^ain his wheels to the earth from the sky ; 
Dut the pall of the ηι^Ιιτ broodcth o'er the inhabitants awfuUy. 
There lan \^c the ^aifey ashoic» aJid the sheep from hei hi>1d took 

we. •7θ 

And we journeyed along by the sound of the ocean that darkling 

Till we came to the spot of ground whereof Queen C;ic6 had IcjlJ. 
There in the twilight «ood Perimede and Eurylochiis by [thigh ; 
With the sheept but my faichion good did I draw Jtoth beside my 

Utif flDaptftff? 


And a trench 1 dixg raCt in conqxiaa a cubit about, foureqinre : 
Ami aroun<l il to all the dead did 1 pour dnDk-ofTerings there. 
The first waE <>i honey and milk, &wccx wine for the next did flew. 
And the third was cf water; white barley -grains over all did 1 

Then I Icneliio the strengthle^s heads οΓ the dead wkh manya vow. 
How that, when 1 should come to mine halls, 1 would offer a t^r- 

rcn cow, 50 

My l>est» and wJihdl on (he altar Lieasures of price would heap. 
And beside, to Teiresms only would uicrifice a sheep 
Utterly black, the chiefest of all on mine hillu that fed^ [dead. 

So when with prayers aitd with vow^ I had knelt to the tril^cs of the 
Then the throats cf the sheep I held o'er the Ireucli, and the blade 
bw^fCly Across, and weUed the black blood thereinto ; [I drew 

And the neihergloom ghosts in shadowy hoists arose to my view. 
Eridc&p sires overburdened with cat«, youths, tender niaidcoa vreie 

iheie, [>'>ung and fair : 

They whose soft hearts broke under grit^V^ first stioke. and they di«d. 
And heroes in battle slain, st:ibbiid ihroujih with the brazen spear, 
Wiih many a dark blood-stain bedabbling their wariiorgear : [40 
Through the horror of darkneits ih^y leapt, or ever 1 knew, Into 

ttitjht i [to left and to nght 

And they tliron^'ed» and they uhdod and crept round cho blood-pU 
With awful shriek?!, and Τ felt that my cbeekB were wao with 

Then did 1 straitly command my fellows that waited beside 
To take Uxubt sheep, on the edge of the pitilcrsa bra&b that haddiod. 
And CO flay them, and bum them, ana pray to the Gods of lli« 

world of the dead, 
Uoto Hades enthroned in might, and Pcracpboni's majcaty dread. 
But uiyhelf, Imvin^ drawo my fakhion kcc:n ftiim beside my thighs 
Sat there, nor sxtffered the ^irengihles^ heads of the dead lo draw 

nich po 

To the blood, till the Thet>aQ seer to my questions should make 

Βατ Affil to the trench drew nigh Elpenor, onr comrade dead. 
For hia body did not yet lis at peace in the narrow bed : 
For in Ctrcfi'^ halls unburied we left it and orl^cwailedi [sailed. 
When tin thi* weird quest we hurried, forbidden to tarty, and 
And when I beheld him, 1 wept, and my heart with compassion 

was stirred ; 
And 1 Kfted my voice, and leapt to my lips the li^ht-wtngcd inrord : 
* Elpenor, bow hast thou come to the gloom of the world of the 


Who. swifter than 1 with the galley, 00 foot hast hithcrward sped ? ' 

A« 1 s[i.-4ke, loud slirieked the spirit, ami aitswercJ inc pitcou»ly : 

' Ο Zeus" and Laertei' seed, Odysseus shiftful at nt^, [60 

The cur» of α God, and wine without mensuie to death broufibt me. 

BOOK xr. 

of t»omfr. 


I had Rkpt in Circu's palace, and did rot bclhbV me logo 

To ihc place where ihe long ladder led from the roof lo tb« court 

hriow ; 
But hc&dlong down did I ^U from tho roof, bono eturced from boD« 
In my neck ; and my sod ftom the boily adowo unlo Hadoa Wfte 

gi>nc, now,'— 

But now 1 litsecch thee by those Icfl behind, that are ποϊ here 
By thy wife, by the hAndfi ihaC su^Uined thae when help]<i&s and 

Jittlc VfAsi thou, [alone, — 

By thy sod Telenjachus, i^hom lEiou did*iE leave in thy pnlaco 
For I know that when £rom the mandoa of H^des hence thou art 

gone, (70 

Thou yah btini; thy ship to the land in the isle of Ac£a again : 
And when thither thou f:omcst, Ο king, ! bid thee remember me 

Not leave me unburierf, unwept ; but in poicg lorsalie thou not 
Me, leit for my «ike upun thee the wtiitb of ibt Godt wax hot ; 
But bnin ine aloriy with my K^ar, even ail thr:l pertained unto me, 
And h«ap me a banow beside Iha shore of the honry sea, 
Λ wietcfi's memorial, a token to them that are yet fcr to be. 
This do thou for me» and an oat on my sepulchre set up on high, 
For in life 'twas my wont in the midst of my shipoutea lh« oar to 

So did he »p?ak, and 1 answered, and spake to that haple^ one ; 80 
' All this, Ο evil'Stirred, shall for thee be acccmplished and dane.' 

So sundered by blood talked we, all weirdly and mournfully. 
While the sword that I held to divide u:t faintly qlunmetin β shone. 
And he va [be further side still hollowly muriuureil ou. Junto us, 
And (hen, for the blood-spell brought her, a shadow drew nigh 
Anticlea my uiother. the dau^'htet of hi^jh eouied Autolycus. 
Ab me, but alive was she whoa to Ilium the £a<:rcii 1 went 1 — 
Tbiuu^h Ulindinj^ le^r^ did I see hei» fui lutl• were my beait-stringa 

rent : [near, 

Vot, for all mine anguiah, my mother mi^ht not to the blood draw 
Till 1 shoiiident^uire of that other. Telrcsias, Thebes' great seer, go 

Forth of Ihe shadowy bancl thy form of Teiiesiiis brake, 
Auceptre of gold in his hitnd; and the prophet knew me and spake: 
' ϋ 2cu5' and Laertes* seed, Odyeseus shiflfu) at need. 
Why, hapless one, hast thuu left the h^ht of [he sun, and art came 
Tl) look on the place of ihe dead, the joyless region of gloom ? 
Nay then, step back from the trench, an^ withdraw the keen edj^ *] 

sword, Iwordi' 

To the end I may drtnk of the blood, and may utici a soothfast 
1*hen from the trench drew 1 back, and 1 sheathed the white- 
starred blade ; [and said : 
And he drank of the blood-pool black, and the sootl^sayet spake 
■Of a home-ujming sweel to ihe soul as honey thou fain wouldst 

know : 100 


;iE flDuptffffp 

But biltor and Yiata a God will mnkc it for thee, for Γ trow [yel : 
The Wfalh iKc Earth-shakei halh stored in his hearl shflll fud tfiee 
Thoii didsl blind his l^eloved eoo» lad he will ϊΐοΐ forgive nor Γοτί^βΐ. 
NathlcaSi howc'er trouble- tossed, the haven of home shall (boiL fiiiU, 
If from sacrilege tbou wilt rcslTaic thine own and thy cuniiadea* 

mind I^htp, 

In tl^e hour wh«n ani^h to Thrinacria's isle yc £h;tll bring your 
Escapiiig from peril sore on the face of the violet deep, 
And grazing ye nnd ibc kine and the gcKxily sheep of the Sun, 
The God th*l beholdeih all ard heureth whatever is done. 
See that thou hurt them not, and take thouf^ht for thy home' 

rclumin£ ; rio 

So out of woc^ shall ye c:c3me to the land for tht; which ya son 
yearning- [wreck await 

But ctnd if thou sh&li do them a mischii^E. deatruction ajid ΐ:1ιίρ< 
Galley and shipmales alike : and if ihou be not joined in tbeir fate. 
After years, afler lo^s of iLy n:cn ^halt thou reach hum», lonf!|y and 

In an alien ship fhalt thou come to a honso of tiotiUJe and »trtfc. 
Where inM>Ienl men aie devouring Ih/ svibbtaaco> and wooing thy 

Giving her m urri a ^e- presents, and counting thee even as dead- 
Vet shalt tho^ take for the violence and wrong a vengeance dread. 
But so soon as the suitors within thine halls shall be slaJn by thino 

hand, — 
Bt it by craft, or in open hght with the brazen brand,— ΐΐο 

Ctepart iioiu thine home, and cairy a well-poised oai with thee. 
And jouniey, until thou be come to a folk knowing naught of the 

Who use not to mingle the savour of sea-born salt with their meat. 
Nor have looked un a tihip or the piuions ac^ainst bei sides that beat. 
And the sign ehall be this, whrTi the gonTis aiiamed of thy wan- 
dering' lc«t : 
Tbou ahali niect in the way as thou goosl another way&ring niftn. 
Who shall say that thou bear'st on tby goodly shoulder a wiimoW' 
ing hn. fbring. 

There in the jfTOund shall thou plant the well-poised car thoo did»t 
And shah ofTer a sacrifice fair to lOscidon the earth -shaking king, 
A rum, iind a bull, nnd a Iwjar ; ard then sh-ill ihuu turn b-ick homr. 
And there to the Godfi everlivicfi shalt offer α hecatomb, (130 

In the order due, unto all thai dwell in the hcaven'it broad dome. 
AntI nl last tn a ^ood old agi^ ^halldealh come to thee mii of the %oHt 
Softly, so softly, and painlessly laying his nnger an thf>c 
Overboroe by the weight of years thst latlcn, thy peaple nround 
Happy, and thriving in weaL Lo, all this true tinall bo found/ 

ΰο did he speak, and I to the seer made an&wei uud iuiid : 
' Even so. 1 ween, ha\e the high Gods spun my deMiny- thread, 
liui come, without fail tell ih[& uulo me, lot thereof am I tain : 


of t»omri. 


Ydnd«i the spirit Ϊ iicc of mino own door nnothar (lead ; 140 

BliI she silently stttelh anigh 10 ihc blood» Aud sht doth not atlga 
To look on the face tif hrr κηη, or (O iilier a word of grrctin^* 
King) Eflll m«, how itixU Kho know mc ngain at this last niMIuic ? ' 
So did I speaki and he straightway nmde arswer to ract and ho 
said : 

• 1 will lell thee ; and nohardsayiog tsihts in thine heart 10 remain: 
Foe it shall be, th&c whom thou sh^t suEer of all th« ghosts of the 

dfiad (feign ; 

To drxw nigh 10 the blood, he shrtll utter the tnilh, una he cannot 
Whomsoe'er thou rcfu^si shall backward return into darkness 


To the mansion of i {ade5 descended the 50uL of the kingly seer : 

Thn Aiifds of the jirtiiilirl ended, yel lived they slil! in mine ear. 150 

Then left 1 ths place where ! Eit<Kjd, till anigh me my mother drew. 

And drank of the dark hucd blood: then straightway her son she 

knew ; [P^'^ '*P^ *'^^^ ' 

And she Wjiiled at ihe sight. ;ind the winged word-flight from her 

'Son, how iirf thou corne to the land that the darkness of death 

doth enfold. 
Thou tu ihe floah ? — it h hard for the liviij|; thiii laad to behold; 
For mi^lnie^r rivers beeween^ and terrible torrents (\ov, 
Yoa^ ond the Ocean -stream,- -what fool tiha]i over it go i 
Is it **o. that from Troy thou ha&t locjg been Lon^traincd o'er the 

waters to roafLi, [come» 

And with ship and with cr«w on α dreary voj^age hail hitherward 
And hast not scon Ithaca yet, nor thy wife ία the halls of thine 

home ? * t Go 

So did ihi- ijmnk, and I tinto her made an!;wer, and said : 

* lf}y mother, L could not ctioose but come to Ibe land of the dead, 
To ent]uirc of the prophet of Thebes, Tciresias, sighlicss sccr ; 
For afa, not yet to the land of Achaia have I conic near. 
Nor set foot on our isle, hut ever am wandering Trooble-tost, 
From the day that first I followed with Kinf; AijajTieranon's host 
Unto Ilium, the war-horse land> with the people of Priam to %ht. 
Bill come aow, tell to me this, and aiiswer me all aright : 
How came the stroke of the outslroicher death that latd thee low } 
Was it by long disease, or did Artemis come wjth her bow, 170 
And softly chill ibec to death with aiiows like falling snow ? 
And tell me of thot^e thai 1 left behind, of my father and son. 
Are they holding my sceptre for me, or now hath another one 
Taken mine honour, saymg ] shall not return any mote? [done: 
And tell of the cnird of the wife of my youth, and what she hath 
Doth she bide with my son still ? still Is, she queen of mine houie- 

I hold store ? 

1 Or hath some proud prince of Achaiaalready wooed her and won ? ' 

I So did ] sptflk, unci my ie\trend molhi=: forlhrighl leulied: 

I > Now nay, but still with a patient spirit thy wife doth abide 


ΊΕ^Γ S>6p£i0fy 


In thy hfltis ; and evermore, for the burden of sorrow she hears, :Sf> 

Hor dajs are consumed with heaviness, yea, and het nights with 

BuL tby fail lionom liath no rtan hilEierto Inken, hut yet [tears. 

TelctiTachns hofdelh in pracr thy doiimin. urrnl on high is he ?tpl 

Iti the fe^tslg. whe« it ftts that ;i rulci of men sit princes beside, 

For of all is he bidd«?ii : but ever thy sire in the field doth xibide 

AIddc, for clown to the city he never duth cotnc, una bis bed 

Is not wiih iriantles and shining rug^s fuH softly spread ; 

But in wml€t he layetli him down in the house beside the fire 

In the ashes, amid the thralb, apparelled in evil nttire. [190 

But as scjun -15 the smuuier is turue willi a. glory of golden sheaves. 

Low on the ground he lieth amidsc of the fallen leaves, 

Anywhere under the naked sky in tht* vineyurd cloee 1 

There doth he lie in his anguish of heart, and his ^riof «vcr grovrs 

With [onipng for Ibee, ami now i* he ionic iinio joyless cid. 

For this cAuse also I died, when the day of my doom 1 beheld. 

For not in my halls did fur-seeing Arlemia come wiih her bow, 

And soflly chill me lu deuih with urowa like falliog snow : 

No sickness wa^ it that otiiie itpun itie to sle^l away 

The hfe irom the tortured limbs by the \Msiin^ of lon^ decay. 

Ah no, my beloved, rtiy son ί 'twas the achini^ of yearning for 

thee, 200 

Por thy counsels and sweet lovingkindne^ that broke the heart of 

me ]' 
Bkzcd in my bosom the fire of a vehement strong desjrc 
My defit deiid mtither's shade with the arms of my love to enfold ; 
Springing forward ihdce I essayed in my clftsp my beloved to hold ι 
I-tom mine hands did she t^irice lake flight IDtc a shadow or dream 

of the night ! 
Ο sharp was the thorn of my pain, Ο bitter my sore heart -achr?, 
Λΐ I cried through the darkneaa ag^iti, as from depths of despair I 

sp&kc: [fold thoe, 

' Ο mother, my mother, why wilt thou not wait for mine arms to en< 
That even in Hades in loving embrace to my heiirt I may holdfhec. 
Thai fron^ moummg's bitter-sweet cup the chill tear draught ws 

may drain? 110 

Ah, Lau it be that Persephoii& sends but a phantom vain 
Hither, to double my sighing» and sharpen ThH tooth ol my pain ? ' 

Thue as I wailed, forthwith did my mother reply to me then : 
' Ah 00, my son» i!l-fat*d beyond the children of men ! 
It Ά not that Ferseplionu chealeth [hioe eyes wttli a phaDtoin<1ie : 
But thuE ii is ever with mortals-, a^soon as their lot ie to die ; 
For no mote have they siriowa ecwrnpping the tloah and the booee 

of their fiaiiie ; fllaiDe, 

Πηΐ all these things were consumed by the might of the deaiii-pyre 
So soon H6 the bfo had forsaken the «"hiie bonee, quUtint; it£ clay. 
And the soul a« a vaaiAhing dream upon shadovry wing» fled 

Away. [»o 


of ftomfi", 


But pre^ thou back will• spccxl lo tT)c lii^ht of the diy &nd of life, 
And remember all Ihcu ba^st ^ι,'η, to tclf it one day to Ehy wift--' 
HuAhod WAS the voica, And th• gho&t bftd departttJ, I £AV not 

In bcj place u^risacounilosshost. — rciEcpLmif scDttbeizi thither, — 
The wives nnd the daughters of those grcHt hf-roeii of olden fame; 
In throngs upon throngs they arose, and around the blood they 

And awoke the desire in niy IticusI to ask each, there as ^he Mood. 
HcT story; nnd thtis it seemed best lo attain unto thfit whit^b I 

would : 
I drew my faicbicu long and keen from beside ni> thigh, J230 

Atid EHiifTcted aol all ibc ihtoii^ at untie to ihe bUiod to ilcaw nigh ; 
But one by one Ihcy came, and the blood 8*ve memory ^nJ sptech ; 
And they told me their race and name» as in order IquvMioncd vach. 

E'irst Tyio told me her stuty, liic laic of a princely houM?» 
Of her sire Saliiionevis" glory, of Crethvu^ her hefo-spouse. 
And she loved Enipeus divine, the beautifulftowinji stream 
VVhoac w:tter» the luiruftt ahint; of nil th^Lt in sunhf^nt gleAm : 
And nW tbtough the duy by bin aide did the stray in A sweet love* 

But in ^hape of her lover tbc Shnk«r of EAtlh met tb« maiden ^weeE, 
And in Jovm^ embrace did he take hor» where sea-tide and river- 

^wirl ii)«ut : |_^o 

And around them on dth&r sid« did the wave in a djtrk arch cnrl. 
Like the swell of a motmtain, to hido the God and the beautiful 

gill ; [Vtidc. 

And her maidenhead -zone he untied, and hr poirred sleep over his 
buE or ever the Uod look flicht from the arms of the mortal maid, 
Folding her fin^rs white in nia own, lie bci-pskkc her and sfiid : 
' Have joy of tby lovt^, my awect : in the fulness of lime shivll thou 
Goodliest eon», for a God β hed ever hath offspring Fair. [bear 

Thou 8halt hccdful[y η\ίτ^ the children that 1 have giv^n to thee- 
No*r go to thine borne. And sec thftl ihou speak unto no man of mc; 
For my love, for my fair, thou hast known the Earlli-shakci, Eha 

Lord of the Sea/ [more tbcic. 350 

With a roar were the waters upheaved» nnd behold^ he was no 
And Tyro ihefeaftcr conceived* and Pelias and Nelcuj she bare; 
And the tervantK of Zens they became, even kingsof ploriotw fame. 
For Pehat ruled o'er the wide sheep- tracts of lokos' land, 
Ana hia brother was king beside the sea upon Pylos' strand. 
And the beaiLlrfuI printieasgavc unto Crcthciiis sons of might• 
Aecoo and Phrre^, and brave Au^ylbaon, the warnur w:ghL 
Then a statelier phonlom came, and Autiope next saw I : 
Hers was a glorious shame, in the Thunderer's arms to lie. 
Two soni did she bear 10 the God» Aiuphion and Zethuh llicy Mere, 
Who built Thebes-lowa their abodei with her seven gaies sIiLtely 

and fair : ft&O 


'Hit ©IpMtp 


And tlicy KiivR her a crowQ of pride, even rampart and tcwsr hjgh- 

For ihoy could not in Theb6 abide UTifen««d^ for all thcjt mi>:lii. 

Aficr her Akmini thi v^ifc of Amphitryon did I behold, 
Who biire ana iLiunlless in strifi', tveii HiiadoH HuH'iuHjled : 
For her racirtai charms ihe resistless ΆτηΜ cf Zeus did «nfold. 

Then Mc^-ara toso to my aiphi, whoni Creou begat in bis pride, 
Whiinj ihc cver-unlirinfi mi^ht oi Hiiaclcs won iur his hridc. 

And Xh& moiher of Oedipus thei*^ Ϊ KOiekl, Epicaatu Jhc fatr, 
Who accomplished an i4wfutdoonifor her^lf, or«v«rsliukn«w; {27^ 
For she married the fon of her womb : yea, first hia father he *lcw. 
Then wedUed liis another. And strAi^ht (be Godfi uiadu ali to \te 

And in anjj'uvsh bitter and great he &kt npcn lair Theboe' tbrote ; 
Over CsidiTius' people he reigTied. as the Gods for his ruin ordwned ; 
Rui sh^ llirough ihe ptjrtals liied whence ιιοηκ ruUirifceih agfiifii 
When the nooee to the beam she tied, swallowed up in her heart-sick 

But a ciirse'CUp bitter aa gill, &nd filled with woes to the brim 
Did she leave for his hps, even all th»t her FurirK mingl^ for him. 

βο$β Chloris, fair beyond word. Amphion's youngeet dftugbtoTi 

i3y whose beauty was Neleus stirred, and with countless pifta he 

sought her. (a8o 

And the might of her faiher's hand ^treiL-lietl nver the Mtnyiin lard ; 

IJut she c^ueened it on Pylos' strand whercunto her hutband brought 

And with Nestor and Chramius there PetidymeQiis noble-souled 
Was botn, and a daughter fair u the Godde&ses are to behold, 
Even Pero, a wonder to men : and princes of many a land 
Came wooing the maiden then, bui her &irc wculd bestow that band 
Only on him who, for dower, should the kine frotii Phykcfi bring, 
Wresting them out of the power of Iphiclus. terrible iinR. 
And alone on the pcnloiis quest a peerlosa prophet pres^, 
Invaia ; for thcdoamof aGodiut^iboadsand imprinunmcni brought 
him, '^eauKhi him. 290 

When, ani^^'h to the ^oal as he trod, the herdnien waylaid hmi and 
And slowly λ year rolled round, day wearily followmg day. 
And MelaiiLPu^ ill dufc:>s buuuu, with uonc tu dt^hvi^i him, lay< 
Till at last for his rarsomtnp he musT all his prophecies yield : 
So Iphiclus aet him fr««, and the counsel of j^eu« wa£ lulhlled. 

And Leda bchctd I therc> that was wife unto Tyndareus once. 
In the halls of lii^ piilace sbe bare two miyhiy-hearted ^ns. 
PoLydeucus the tisE-recoi^'ned, and Castor ihe steed-^ueller, whom 
The life-£fiving earth hath bound ahvo in the nether ffloom : 
Howbcil lliere haxc they found high honour by Zoua^ doom ; 
For on days interchan^ng they live, and anon do the gates of the 
crave 300 

Each after other receive, and honour divine they have 


ttf teomcr 


Then came one fair to beheld, the wife of AlAous was ahOi 
lphimcdcT5« who told of the love oi the Lord of the Sea : 
Anil she sp^kfr of hci sons and Ihcir might, And th«« fj>nr <;hort yearB 

that they found. 
Of <Jtu^ the god-^tri)Q£ Wight, £pbialto£ far -renowned ϊ 
And they were the lallesf ones that the cnm^givin^ earth cv^er bred. 
And thr goodliest of all her snn^, save Orion's glorioiifi hffld ; 
For when nice yoarsscantly had rolled, Qm« £xt horn thoir fHAture WA9, 
And in cubits aino was told the brcAdth of their 3hr>uldcrs ai^roes. 
Υΰΐ, ind they threatened to smtte the Gods iheiiisclves, the 
ItnmrjTtals, 310 

in Olympus to marshal th«itght,aad to burst through the heavenly 

Υ«ϋ, Ossa ia fary they sliovc io iiplicave on Olympus on htyh, 
With forest clad Pelii^uahovi, ihat thencethey mij-hlslep tolheskv. 
Ayi aad the doed had thoy done, had thoy reachudbuC the noontide 

of life ; 
But Zens' and I.elo'sson dc-stroyni Iheiii in ibal firet sirifen 
Or ever, their remptcs beneath, bloomed blossom of youi^ down 
fair, (hair. 

Or on chin and on check as 11 wreath fell tFie sb«tdow of clvisleitrig 
And with Pha.'dra and Procris 1 saw Ariadne, the bvrly dairghler 
Of Minoe, dread giver of law ; it was Thesfius wbo fain hsd 

brought her 
To the holy Aiheman plain; but in sea-girt DJa« through Spite 310 
Of the Wine-god, his love lay slain by Artemis' airow^flight. 
With Mfem and Clymenu rose l^nphyl^^ the traitrcee-wiloi 
Wbo received the gold of his foes for the price of her husband^^ Ijfkr. 
— But I could not name lo ihec hIE, nor the endlif^s array unfold 
Of the wives and the daughters I &iiw of the glorious heroes of old ; 
For the darkness would Hush into dawning ere half of the story 

were told, 

Rn? now is il rime to sleep ' Τ will go and lie tlown wilh the crew 

In the KOlIey, or here, and will trust my journey to bfraven and 

yoo." [or stirred; 

Thrtiugh the shadowy hills all round was α hush, none murmureil 

Bat they ^t as \n trance, spelt^bound by the charm of the tale that 

thu)^ heard; 330 

Till the fair queen broke the «uence• and spoke from her heart the 

woid : 
" Ph^eacians, what thiut ye 0/ the sirftngfT ? — how seemeth to you 
His stature, his comctin«&s, and the mind that is matched there- 
in sooth be IS my ^uest, yet do ye al) in the honour shftfe ; [unto ? 
Wherefore haste not to send him away frwn our midst, neither 
grudgingly «pare [treasure 

Yotir gifts unto one that so sorely doth need them, for hi>aps of 
Are stored in the halls of our princes in whom the Gods take 

Tlien lo the princis spoke Echcn^ us the greybeard hour. 
The oldest of all the folk thai dwell on Pha'acia's shnre : 
■' Fnetids^ £tly and well doth the wise queen speak ; we must needs 

pive ear : 340 

Yel word and performance harg on our lord Alcmous here." 

Then nnlo him did AI<'inous -^t;!!?!/ answer givt : 
** Yea, ihis shnll be even as the yiicen halh said, U indeed 1 live» 
Η indeed I sit on the throne the oar-lo\-tng nation among- 
Yet let the stiflnger be palitnl, howe'ef for his home he may luug. 
And in any wise hiile till the morrow, lill crowned by the gifts of 

mine hand [stand. 

Be his store ; and his journey full ntar unto all our hearts doth 
Unto mine ^bcw all. for mine is the lordship over the land" 

Then unio him subTli-wiited Odysseus in answer spotce : 
" Lord KiQ^ Alcioous, Ni|;li- renowned among aU earth-folk. 350 
If ye should bid me hcie through ihe round of ά ycai lo slay. 
And thereafler with splendid gifts to mine home would help me 

sway, [Sftmd, 

More for my ^ain fihonid it be, and full fain would I be of the 
If 60 wLlb bands more full lo the fanJ of my ftilliets I i^^mc ; 
For thus should I have mote worship and love in Ihp ^ehX of men, 
Even all that beheld me thus unto Ithaca coming again!^' 

And Alcinous lifted liis voice, and arswering spake unto him : 
" Odysseus, think not that we doubt thf^e. who look on thy ίίνχ, or 

misdeem» [breeds 

As though thou couMst be λ deceiver, ns they that the dark earth 
Broedcast, knAvcs springing everywhere up, as evil weeds, j6o 

Weaving tbc webs of their lies out of yarn galhrred none know«lh 

whence ; 
Bui thy words area topstoce of grace on a sure foundation of ficnae : 
And as though 'twere a g^reat bard singing, dosl thou our ears 

enthrall [alU 

With the tale of the troubles that came upcm thee and the Ar^vos 
But come now, answer mc this, and hide it not from rnc, I pray : 
fSawest ihou any of those» the godlike men that away 
Unro Ilium passed with thee, and came there on Ihdr evil day ? 
Lo, yet there is much of the night, yea, a measureless length, no 

That we sleep loo soon ; piilhee still let the marvellous stnry sprrd. 
Oh. I could list lill the diiwning. ΐί thou in mine hall wouldst tell 370 
Through the charmed boure etiU of thy deeds, and the woes unto 

thee thai befell." 
Then utico him sulitle- wilted Odysseus in answer spoke : 
'■ Lord King Afcinot:e, It Lgh- renowned among all e^Lith-folk, 
In sooth there is time for much tnlk yet, unJ for slumber too. 
If still ve be fdln lo Attcud> I uill bU^re not 1c tell unto you 
This tali*— Ο ypa< and a *,addflr, η darker story beside, 
l^vcn the woes of my fdetids, who afterward wretchedly died. 

οοακ XI. 

of tjomfr. 


Who €fiC4pcd from the cur^ of the ttword and the roar of the douth- 

dealing ^Irifc, 
And returned hornet, rli^re to be ^lain by ibe will of λ traitor wMa. 

into the bollows of nif-ht did thu beautiful cpcctree fidfli jSo 
Dispersed by FersephoaC» might, but 1 thrilled ns 1 petrod tbiouji^h 

x\\& shade ; 
For out of the nethergloom oq« heart- stricken wlch anguUh arotc, 
Agameinnon, Atreua" son; and a thronR was around lum of EhosB 
In Acgj&thus' hall that were MaJu by bia side in a curbed boiir. 
And he dr^nk, ana he knew me again by the blood -draught'e 

ina|;ical power ; 
And he waUodi ah bittorly, sbcddkng the to^rs liltc winter raic ; 
Aud he strove tu cnjbrace mct spretidiag his ^hautjwy arms in vaic. 
Ah me for the king of men 1 — there was no ^trengrh ]efl any more 
Id the frame eo helpless then, in the Limbs so mighty of yore Τ 
And when I beheld him» I wept» and my heart with conipassion 

was stirred ; jyo 

And I lifted my voice, and leapt to my lip£ ihe lighi-wmjied word : 
' A^aniomnon, monarch of men, good hero oi high Tfnown, 
What doom of the out^Irctcher dcaLh unto this batb brought thee 

down ? 
Wae it Pofieidon ag^icst thee that wakened the maddening breach 
Of Hie winds, and through whirlpits of ravening seas dragged thee 

J η to death ? 
Or waet ihou by foes in the mid^t of a foray o'ertaken and stain, 
As iicaward thou diavust their cattle and sheep from the harried 

plain ? 
Wert thou warring about some city ct sodia fair woman a^ain ? ' 
So did ] speak» and he straightway made answer to me, and 

replied : 
•O Zeus' Άηά Laertes' son, tn ni&nifold shifts deep-tried, ψοο 

It was not Poseidon against me that wakened the jnaddetiing breath 
Of the winds, or through whidpits of ravening seas dragged me 

Linlo death ; 
Nor did foes overmaster acd slay me by land or iu open fi^ht : 
But niy deaths but my doom by the treacherous hand of AegisChus 

was di^^ht : 
For along with my murderous wife hs bade me unto his hallt 
And tlieredtd he sEay me, as one should sUn^^hter ;m ox ^t the; stall. 
So did 1 die a most pitiful death ; and my warrior train 
Were ruthlessly butchered around im^t as whitc-tushed boars are 

When a mighty man of vvealth wib a princely banquet provide 
For a marnaga, for mirth with his friends, or for some high festival* 

tide. *tc 

Oft hasi thou blood in the place where the sword was upHfted to 

When in single Aght mendicd^ or by hcets in the temble h'ay» 


Illif iDb^Mf? 


Nor ijUAUcd; but ihitic hrart had with horror turned ^^ick had^t 

thou lookr-'d on thai dny, [covered o'er, 

To ftcc how wc lay round the wine-bowl And UHcs with cheer 
And the hall in a mi»t with ih? rock of our blood steaming up Jrom 

ihc tltxTT, [(Uu^htfii 

But mo^t piteous of ali was the shriek that 1 he;iTd from Fnam^s 
Cassandra ; th« traitress my wife Clylsmncsua had draped her to 

slaughter [ground, 

To die by my side: I writhed round the sword us I l^y on the 
Hdpl«ssly tdtiny and diopping my hands: but the sh^imelc^s bell- 
hound [her hand, 420 
Left me to die, and she deigned nnt to prnu down mine eyes with 
Nor to i^loee up my lip* as the soul Huttcred forth to the ^b:idow- 

—Oh there ia nothinjjso loathly and shameless a* woman can be. 
Who can ^lot such a deed in her brenst aa a wuman dr^viaed ;i)^aiDat 

ΐΐϊβ. — [wrought, 

Such a horrible outioj^e, so ^hnstly a deed ά3 uhe purpouod and 
That a wedded wife should murder hei husband !— ah mc, I bad 

With joy amid childen and Ihralls in mine home to hud eweet lest : 
But her thoucht^ were aby«scs of horror, a hdl was aflame m her 

Shame hath she poured on herself, ana to all other women dishonour 
Shall cbng : though a woman shoidd do good deeds^ that «tain will 

be on her/ 
So did he speak, and f rendeied him answer, and uttered my 

thought : 430 

' Ala», it hath still been by women that hr-seeini; Zeu£ hath 

biuu^ht {wrgugUt- 

Miachlef on Aireu^' seed from the nrsi, and ihdr niin hath 
Through Helton it was thai by thousands we died on an ahdn 

strand; [plaoucd.' 

And for thee when afar from thine home Clyta^-mnestra this treachery 

So did [ speak, and be straightway made answer to me, and ho 

' Tbcreiore do thou take hccdnUor by love of ihy wife lic betrayed; 
Tell her not all of the thing that thou knowesl, but [ell her in part ; 
Thereat least shall (he test of thy counsel be safe, in thine own true 

heart - 
Yet ιΑΐλ\] not ihy murder, Odysseus, at all by thy wife be wrought, 
For eitrplipnt wisdom hath she, she ii loyal in every thought, 440 
Thflt child of Icartus' line, Fenelop6 prudent- beailcd. 
In sooth we left her a fair young bride, what time wc deparled 
To go to the war, and a babe at her breast was she nursing then 1 
But now, I ween, thy ^n shall be ^ttin^ a man amongst men. 
Happy is he, for him &hali his father returning see. 
And be shall embrace that father, as ever it ought to be. 


of ftomcr. 


Ab mc ! for my wife suffered not tuat my eyes with delight should 

be mca 

In i>chiiUlJrK "iy ^tm ; «rn then his father, her husLittfid, ^hc killed. 
This Ico will Ϊ tcil thee, iinl thou in thiue heart my counsel score : 
Id secret, not openly, bring thy ship to thy fatheriand sb<ire, 459 
Unawares to thy wife, for do more faith in womun there is^ 
But come now, declare nnta rti«, ard without fftU lell nte thi^ : 
Ηλ\9 ye heard of vay son, of Urestes, alive ΐ and in what aUange 

la be exiled ?— OrchomcDLis ? — is U by Pylos' sandy strand ? 
Or doih he. Menelaiis my brother, protect him in Sparta the wide? 
For Euiely 1 know not yet hath the ^dlike Orcaleu died*' 

Eagerly spake hc^ but 1 full mournfully inado rej>ly ; 
'Aticides, why dost ihou asJt nic ? I know uul, neithor havchpanl 
\\'hether he lives or is de^d, uud λ& wbd were an idlt^ ivord-' [460 

So ihcro by tho eidc ci tho blood, commLininj^ in converse dre^r, 
And in anguish of heart wo stood, as we alicd fkill many a tcai. 
But there canie to me chiefs of pride: came Achilles llie peerles* 

With Patroclua Mill hy hia aide ; came ADtilochua, Nestor'^ son ; 
Came Ajait, a ^lately ^hu^l. who in cotueUne^ unt-e oul^JtoUu 
AIJ m^n m the Ολπαλπ host, 5avr matchless Peleidea alone. 
And »nigh as Achilles drew, hie comrade in battle he knew, 
And he wailed at the siy^ht, and the winged word'di^ht kom hi» pale 

lips flew ; 
' Ο Zeus' and Laertee' seed> Odysseus shiftful at need. 
D^poraCc ηΐίΐη !— wiit thou dare in thy soul yet a hardier deed ? 
Howdursl ihuucoinc down into f )ade«, whcie dwell but the sense- 
less dead, j^jo 
The phantoms of mortaU forwearied, whose strength is utterly lied ? ' 

Answenn^then did 1 apeak 10 the hero renowned in wor : 
' Ο acioD of Peleu». ii^ighliesl of all the Achsans by far, 
1 came in my need to enrjuire of the ΐοιιϊ of Toiresias the seer 
How I DiighC win unto Ithaca s isUnd, the rii^ged, the dear* 
For not yet have I come to AchAva, nor yet nave my feet lighted 
down [ciown. 

In my kingdom, but aye have 1 woe to my heritage, pain for my 
But Ihon- Ο Achillea, no man hath heen happier in daya overpast, 
Neither shall be ; of yore as a God id thy life days honoured ihou 
wast [the dead. 4817 

Oi the Argives; and now hast thou honour and w^orship amonget 
Ah grieve not, Achilles, to know that the yean of thy life arc fled,' 

tustanJly ELcswi^red the hero witb tiurst at puvtioaiate brcuth : 
' Happy ! — come not unto me with thy hahbli- of comfort in deatbl 
Rathar would I be a hireling to drtidge in the tieltl^^ atl day 
With a kndlc&s master, who sparely would feed me and nig^t'^^y 
pay, [away. 

Than over tbe hotits of the dead which haw perished a sceptic to 


'^r flPtopffSff» 


Bill thoiiH :is i-onreniirg my princily son, some tidings show ; 
Whether he wunt to ihe war to be lirst in the battle, or tio- 
And tell mc. concerning the high-born Pelens, haal aught (a unfold ? 
Hach hp hfujour ami worshipstiU tnid the Mynuidon folk as of oUI ? 

ur through Bellas and Phthia-land now is he held in little esteem, 
Fat tliut eld hatli laid hold on his bands Λαά his feeE, and hith 

p:Osied him ? [sun, 

For I xm not with him to champou his cause in the sight of the 
Clothed with the mi^ht thai 1 had. when in broad Troy many an one 
Of our foes, as I fought for the Argives, was sped to the shndtiwland- 

home. [come, 

For u dfiy, for an houf , lo the house of my sires as of old could 1 
Ha, they should t^uail at my prowess» and rue my tavincihle hands. 
Who are evil eolrealiiig him now, and are robbing of honour and 
ϋο did he erkg«rly ask^and in ani^wer 1 took upttie word: [lacdtl ' 
* Sooihiy lo say, ot the high-born Pcleus naught hove I hcutd» 500 
But concerniag the son of thy JovCf Neoplolenjus, now will ! lelU 
Even as thot) bid'M iiip?> uor lal^^ ^\ϊλ\] my rale ϊιν, but all a^ l^efell. 
For, 'twas I, even 1, in ihe galley who broufiht him from Scvio* 

away [fray• 

To the host of Acb^aus wolf hdrnes^^J fur battle, athirst for the 
And whene'er in ihe pnnses of contlici for counsel together we 

drew, [true* 

First was he ever in speech, and his words were as shafts nying 
Only NeUor ihe godlike and 1 could thy son in the council surpass : 
But whene'er in ihe plain of the TfOjans we fought with the light- 

nint; of hrass, [hght; 

No'et in the tbcun^ would he waJti not abide iii The phaJunx to 
Far before all would he rush, for he yielded to no man in might, yo 
And many and nvtny α hero he slew in the ternble fray : [eay, 

I never could tell thee of all οί :hcm> no, not their uameit could I 
How many a hero he *ilew, foi the bulwark of Aigivcs he was ; 
] will speak bxn of one, even Telephus^ son, whom he Bmote with 

the bra£fl, 
The hero Eurypylus ; round him were many Ketoians o'erthtown, 
Who periKhedj by reason ihaE presents a woman '?< hght fnnry had 

SSpTO Memnon the godlike, goodlier man in the h09t saw 1 none. 
Then, when we entered and crouched in the horse that Epeius h^d 

We chiefs of the Argives, and all things wera ordered as I had «aid, 
When to shut and to open the ambush-cavclay only wJth me, 330 
The rest nf the c^ptaios and chiefs of the Danaans there might ya 

sec [for fear: 

Wiping the tears from their eyes, while the Eimbs of them shivered 
But never mine eyes mi^ht behold Neoptolemus wiping (he tear; 
Never in any wixe faded the fliiKh cif biK Une into wan ; 


of feonifr 


Niy, but he ever besought Hie to forUi οί the horse, and set on ; 
And restlessly ever his hancls to the hilc of his falchion ^ould go, 
Ever shivered the lance in hb grip, foi he lont^cd to be smiting the 

Bm when we had smiuen the city of Priam, and pan«d the spoil, 
He went to his gaitey with goodliest prey and revved of lii» toilp 
Scartesa. uniouchcd by the rush cf the Unce \s it leapt tbrougb the 
air ; 5JO 

Hdh^ closed in the convict with heroes, yet rone ever woitnciOd 
him there, [fiparc/ 

WbcTc few have escaped, whan too mad isthc War-godto favuuror 

Then the soul of the nugbly dfad, of Ar;ii:u5' flcel-fooc son. 
O'er the asphodel -mead in his pride swept back with a stately stride, 
Exulting because I had said timt his oii^pring wa& scccnd to none. 
But the spirit of every chief iicsidc:, of the dead thai bad perished, 
Thronged round me, stricken with grief, and they asked tiie of kin 
Only the soul of one, even Ajax, Telamon's son^ [dear-eherishod. 
Would not draw ni^h unto me, boinii wroth for the victory lost 
When we pleaded beside the sea in the couil oi the Argive host, 540 
When the arms once borne by her son as a priie by Theiia were 
given; [that passed,— 

— 'Twas the son^of the Trojans at last, and Athcni, the sentence 
And Ο thai I never liaJ won, and Ο thai we never had striven ! 
So noble a he^d sank low foi those arm^ into Ehe grave. 
Even Ajax, in outward show nit>sc goodly, in fi^ht most brave 
Of all the Danaan inea. save the peerless Achilles alone. 
Atid I spake to the hero ihao soft words, and in humblest (one: 

• Ο son of a glorious eire, is it £o, that thou \vai{ oidatned 
Not oven in death to forgot thy wrath for iLc war-gear I gained. 
The accural» which the GocL» ordaiued far the Dunaaus' ruin tn be ? 
Such Λ tower of strength was in thee overthrown, k^a the Arrives 

for thee 
Mourned as they mourned for the head of ActdUoa, Peleus' &eed, 
Bhlerly mourned for thydeaih ; — and who was to blame for lliedeed 
Save Zeus, who looked on tlie Danaan host with a terrible hale. 
And dealt iicto ιιε sore loss, and laid upon thee this fate ? 
Ο king, come hllhet. come hither, and li&L to the words thai I say! 
Ο bend the pride of thine heart, and turn from thine anger away- ' " 

So I pleaded : he answered me naught, hnt implacable thence he 
strode, [abode. 

And the nalhergloom da7kness he sought, where the rest of tht^spiiits 
Howbeit e'en there had I spoken, his silence perchaDce had been 
broken ; ^60 

But mine heart was fain irt my breast to turn a little aside, [died. 
And to lodk bul once on the test of the spinis of tlicm which had 

There Minos did l behold, Zeus' son, the lawgiver dread, 
Graspinfi α sceptre of gold, giving statutes unto the dead 
There as he sat, and the f^hoMa wcic enquiring' thdr right? of him, 


ttflf φϊίρΕΚίΓρ 


Sittiog anH stinriing ; hosls in ibe gloom showinK shndowy-dim- 

Thea before mine eyes did there pass Qnon« a ^;ιηΐ Srhadow» 
As he drove τη a huddled mass the hrast? o'er the asphodel meadow. 
His cjvuitry in days of yutc through many a Icnr hilifald ; 
Aad ο mace in his hands he bore, all l:>raier,of adanianl mould. 570 

Ard lityus there did 1 sec. Kical ICarlh moibor's son waE he» 
Who lay fettered down on the pUia over nine roods' length extend- 
ing : 
Hight and lefl of him vuiiuret twain wer« fitting, hie liver rending ; 
Into the caul pierced Iht-y, nor hia hand» might dnvQ them away ; 
For fiooi outrage io Lcto the brido οί Zeua did he not refiain 
What lime urio Pylos ihe h;*d Through Panop^vis' b*auiifoI pUin, 
Yea, TancaEua tli«ie saw I ^-ith hit cupoveibrimmtng with v/oes; 
For he stood amid water, and high λ* hi& chic the rippTc* losc ; 
Andbv stiaiiLcd ίο a hombledruulh c -νϋΐ vainly to ic^tjli llirr h1tC£Lin ι 
For, si& oft aa the old man's mouth quivered Qoar το the n^&ddoning 

gloon>, jSo 

Ever the water* wodM fleet swaUowed up, and the eartn all round 
Was dry by the wietcb's feeJ, for ii God's power ΓΪίΐ'%1 the ground. 
And tall trees over him Etooping were swinging around him there 
Their fniits^ there were pEiricgrnnates drooping, the golden apple» 

the peai -. 
Sweet ftgs at hia lips dose hung, and the olives gltamrd thereby ; 
But when that woe-wrinkled wretch to reach them bis bands would 

stretch, [Ijjfih- 

By 3 ^ust were tliey snatched and itung to tbe shadowy clouds on 

There Sisyphus saw I rereivtnjj bis guerdon of mighty pain : 
A monster rock upheaviufj with both bandit aye did he sitain ; 
With feet firm-ft^ed, hands pressed, with gajip^. with tnal most sore 
That Tork up upwards a crest heavci! be : but a little more fjgo 
And atop of the biU would it rest — resistleesly turning again 
With α merciless leap, with & hurhcane-swecp il hath rushed to 

tbe pUiii, 
Bui toilEn^', straining yer, in his grrsl despair did hfi thrust : 
Down poured from his limbs the sweat, and arose from hie bead 

the du&t• 
NcHt after bim did I see where the niiKht of HCi^ea strode— 
A phantom, for feasting is he in the deathless Gods" abode, 
And l^lebfi IS there at his eide, his tovely anlded bnde ; 
The da\]^bter of ^^eus is she, aud of HcrC the j^'olden-flhod. 
There was round him a hurtbn^ of |^ln>6ts a» of btrdb in tciro^ 

stnick flight ; 600 

For appalled were the shadowy ho&tfi, and gloomy he eirodo ne the 
Right, [hiseye 

Hvei gmsping his bow made barr, with the shaft on the string, and 
Flashing round with a terrible gl^rij, ho waK «ver tn act to let fly. 
And an awful bell he wore, a baldric of mas^y K<>^d, 
Around hii breasL, ami il bore device» and niAnrel» untold ; 


cf litjmrr. 


There were b&irs, wild boars of the wood, ttiute were lion^ with 

ftirious gla.Tc ; [Ihctc. 

Thi^rcwns baille and minde.rantll>liitnl, and skyingsof heroes were 
— Let him who fashioned it, kinff oi his crafi, set his hand not 
Unto t^ny meaner thin^, for higher he no'cr ^all atttiin 1 [ftgnin 
And he knew me αϊ ^oon as hn lumcd his ejres my face to &cc ; 6i ο 
And Ihe shade of the hero niourred as the lighr>winged words 
' Ο Zeus' Λ,ηά Laertes seed» Qdy^^^eUfi sluftful al need Τ [spake he : 
Ah wretch, full evil thy fate, full ^orry the lifo ihou dost lead, 
£v£:t) such ;t5 the burden 1 l^ore'u&ath tlie ligbt cif thcsuu long ago! 
Yttt 1 was the scion of Zens ih>r *on of Κ touaa ; bul woe 
Without limit or measure 1 had : for a servaDt was I civen o'er 
To α man fur weaker and wor^c, who laid en me troublos sore. 
Vca. bitheiwar J tmue did he; Bcna mo to fetch Hdl'a Do^ ; for he 

No luHk could bueorcrthan this, no deed more hArd to be wrought ; 
Vet Uid 1 ht'ii\s it fioiii Hades, and haled to the light of the day : 6ao 
For mt did Huniiu* and Pallas the grey-eyed fipccd on my way/ 

Then Hadea-ward did he set his face, and he plLing;ed into gloom. 
But there did i larry yet, to see if perchance (here would come 
Other h^mes famous of yore who had dieJ in the days of old : 
And of these had I ^en yet mon% whom my heart was fain tc be- 

PeiriEhoLis and Theseus, of fame Full high, who of Gods' seed came ; 
liut the tritfes of the dead folk diew by inyriads near and more near 
With awful ehrieks, and 1 bn^-w that my chceU^ were white with 

With a SLidden horrible dread lest Persephoni fbtth should send 
From Hftdes ihe Gorgon-head cf a hidmii^ nionstcr'lwnd. 630 

So wjlh speed to the shcre Ihiiidme ; niy males did 1 thurecommand 
To chmb the black ship's side, and to cast her Icosc from the strand. 
And swiftly aboard did they go, and they sat them down to the oar ; 
And ihe Ocean-river's tlnw o'er the sar^es the galley Ikkc, 
At the fitsi with rowing, till CAine, fur blowing» a bretjte from tha 



Φί &:pllfl, el)f Criigififiia, αηΰ rljr tofjli-ipit C!)nr)'biii0 ; 

of El)c Ittrif of tU &un. and cbr o^ifc bmg:canrc 


WHEN theKalley ttadc&rrieu u» Γτμ oI Cbu swift smooth si reitm 
of thu Occaji. {its motion, 

And tumc tt> the broad-wajreii sea, with the heave aiid the swing of 
And th« Isle of -Έ*ϊ, wherein is the palace of Dawn mifit-l>t>rn, 
And the lawns where her dfincee be^in, a-ad the sun f;oeth EoTlh each 

Thilher nt dusk came we, Άτιά wa ran up the ship on the sandi 
And out on the surf of thr? i^a wc stept, and went up to ihe Land- 
And wuanly there we slept, and tho dawn divm* wo abode 
Till the Rorty-nagered leapt from her ccnich where the ^rey mists 

My ehipmaiea then did ί send to the paUce of Circ*, to bear |io 
Unto U3 the curp^ cf our friend Clpcnor. the dead that lay there ; 
And, liewin^ ua billots in haste, on a wdve-wd^hed foiekud'h hd«hl 
The dead on Ihe pyre we placed, and our tears f«U (a^st ai the s\ehx. 
And QG ΘΟΟΠ as iho buioiiig was dono of Cho ccrpeo and the cbad 

mfto'e ^cAr, 
A barrow of earth and stooe we uppJIe, and a {^llar we naa^ 
And a wcll-pois^d oar thereupon did we set, that his crait might 

So \^h dues to the dead we ^avc; and we *scapcd not Circe's ken, 
Att h^rli from ihr gRtes of Ihe grave I Telumed wiih my tniKty mm. 
But she came in her beauteous array, and her mAidenfi along with 

her came ; [of name ; 

Anil the? bieud and the meal hare theyt ^nd the wine \^Ίth its face 
Aod she stood in the mldsir and spalce the benuliful Goddess 

immortal : 90 

' Desperate men, who could win back again from Hades' porial f 
Twice Head T— sinre ihe rest of the dead pass once for all through 

his door. 

ftOOK XI!• 

^6f flDuj'ocifp of ^omrr. 


Bxji come now, cat of my bread, and drink of the wine ttmt [ pour 
Here thiougti the livclonf^ nay, and ;ts soon as Ihe dawu shall break 
On th« morrow, sail ye away^ and tbepathof the track ye shall take 
Will 1 point, that yc safcLy may cross stretagc water and unknown 

And stiffer tiar sorrow nor loss by evil tnisdealing tnoiR,' 
So did she speak to the men, and her counsel wa« good in their 

And so tluough the lung day then, till the sun snnk out of the nkicJt, 
Sal we, feasting upon sweet wire and on mciits nnlold, 30 

Kven till th^ sun was f^one, and th^ ^loom gathcrod» fold upon fold. 
And they went, and down on the und by the bladf ship'^ hawoer 

they lay ; [awey. 

Rut the Goidess look me by the hand, and she Ipd from my ftiends 
And shu kid herseU down by my aide, and she asked of mc all that 

And, A9 everything chanced to beflde, even all unto her did I tell, 
Thpn the words of her counstil spuke the diead ^u^en Circ& to me. 
Telling the liack I should taitc o'er the waste of thfj waye of the bgjx \ 
' Thus far h^i thou »pod ; but lea^uig Lhe things of the paa buhiud 

List unto what I shall 6ay,^yea, a God himself ehall u<niind ihee ; — 
First fihalt Ehcucomctothc bircna, the maidens that &iyc sit fliiij^ing 
Cliaruis over all ihatapproRth, by the spell of thelf riai^ical singing. 
Whosoever unwittingly comMh, ^nd h«areth the Witch-maida' 

Never rutornetb he homewards, never his wife rejoices 
To look on his fare any more, no chtldreir shall cln^ter AToiind him, 
£lut the clear ringing chant of the Strens for «var and ever hath 

bound him, 
There as Ihey sJl in a meadow, with he^ps of skeletons lying, 
Bodies of dead men rotting, and skins all shrivelled in drying, 
^^peed away past ; nnd with wax, made soft for the oversmeArinff, 
Seal up the cars of ihy men, making fast each gateway of hearing. 
Yet thou niayesi lisl to iheir lay^ if thy spirit shall so have inclined 

thee; 50 

But hand and foot thy men in the fleet-faring galley shall bind theo, 
On the jnast'Step standing, and ropef from the masl all round thee 

5o with delight shalt thou list to the voice of the Sirene singing. 
And li thou shalt bid them unbind thee, commanding or earnestly 

Then ftbali they hind Ihee the faster, rew fetters upon thee laying. 
Now as £can as thy shipmates have sped out of reach of Ihe 

perilous strain, 
Boot» not Ιυ tell rhee thercaffer throuijhoiit which path out of twain 
Shall be chine for the rest of thy seafaring: both will 1 tell thee, 
and £0 


:5f φ&ΡίίΐίΓ? 


Give counsel ihys^lf to thine heart, and makecboicc of Ihc way thou 

wile go : 
For by one shaLt lliou conic nnio rocks overarching, and thorc cver- 

ItkOIC Co 

The surge of ihe dark Sea-qiipen doth mighlily Tumble and roar. 
These be the ciiiTe that th« Gods ever-hlessfd the Waitdtrers 

DAmct — [saiie, 

Yea, and the swifl-wiagftd liird^of the air cBnnot win Ibrougl• the 
No, not even ihe doves that to Zen^ the amhrosk bring ; 
Uut over the sheer rock snaichoth ^wny one of these on tho wing, 
And so the All^father mu&t send Jn another to maLc up the tale. 
And thereby never yet hath a crew in λ galley been siiflered το sail, 
But the pJ^nks of £bipE ^d the bodies of men are whirled with a 

crash [dash. 

By the blasts of the fire thai dcvours,and the waves that reustle^^ty 
Otilyone^hip hath prevailed through the portal of fermr to come, 70 
Argo, of world-wide fame, a& she sailed from the Colchiaos homo ; 
Yea and of her hod thcrocksandthc brcak&rs^^t once made on end, 
But 'tWAs !ler£ thai &ped liec thecal hrutigh, fuir a grace uuCo Jason 

her friend. 
Guarding the gates of the sea at its other outgobf? ariac 
Rocks, whereof one of the twain with its pp ak lowers up to the skie«, 
Luridly turiaintd alioul with a cluud tievei passing away : 
Nev«i, in summer or winter, theieon is clear shining of day. 
Never a mortal might climb up it$ face» nor adown it mi^ht fare : 
Naui^ht. thouffh his bands and his feel were a score, would it profit 

him there. [80 

Slippery smooth ϊΰ the face of the cliff, as iwure politihud, t wis; 
And tn mtd'heigbt. but with mist overdarkencd. a cavern there i» 
Facing the west, to the shaduw-laiid tunied. By the cJiff with 

good heed 
Keep thou thy K^ilt>y, Odysseus, unswervingly f^uidinj^ it& speed. 
Though a man shoot at the cave from λ sltip with hi» uttermost 

rnight, [height. 

Weari^ the arrow would drop ere it won to the meaiureless 
There in the cave dwelleth Scyiia : her voice is a hideous yelp : 
Faint is ihu tiy of tlic huniUe ihing as the whine uf a >vhclp: 
Ah, bnt hpr form I 'tis a monster : whoever sJiould look upon her, 
Noneehould hive joy of the meeting, not thot;gh of the Utathlcss 

fac were. [^*>ns 90 

Twelve are her feel all as Mrpenls down't railing, and six aie the 
Necks with the terrible heads, and the teeth ^n the jaws of them 

throng [and strong, 

R&oli upon EBnk : ihcv are full of black death, they are crowded 
Down to the waisi in the ciivem she hideih, and yrl evermore 
Scoureth the face of the cra^^ for the heads of her ti&vorse it o'er, 
Forth of the cavern ^r^rcnchin^ ; and there they arc angling for 



Of Pomtt, 


FordotphioeAQd fiOA -dogs, and hiig4*r noa mon^E^ratlut pasture and 

pU/. [aliock. 

ThoMsanrtfi ηττ thouMtnils, mid moaning of waters ihat weher and 
Never Itath ^Mlor made boaat that his ^^\ley bath run by the rock 
Scatheless, but each of her hcada conictb awooping adowo oo tlio 

ship: [ιοϋ 

Six of th» crew in χ mamenE ar« snatched onto death in Eheir grip. 

Lowiior Itoth tho rock that ie over agoinsl hor in place ;^ 
Ni^h to each other (hey are» that &n arrow mi^iit liavvrse the 

space ; — 
O'er it a Hg-traa, gigantic ; its leaf-niaes«e glooniil/ frown, 
'Neath it resistless Chnrybdis the bUck water whelmcth adown : 
Tbrice in ihe day slie doth belch it on bi^h» Aaa tbiiiie whcliiieEb it 

under — 
Ah, mayest thou not be there when tho waters are yawning astmder I 
Thco not the Earth-shalccr's self from the J4ws of destruction 

coalj dr^^. 
Nay, but m any wise swiftly speed onward thy ship by thfi rrag 
Where is the dwelhng of Scylfii ; for belter it is That thou miss 
Six of thy matc5. than thai al] in λ moment godown the abyss/ iio 

Answered 1, • Prilhce, Ο Goddess, declare Ibis truly to me. — 
Miffht I escape from the ruinous sweep of the whirl of the sea, 
And when Scytia shall swoop on my men, by my sword might I 

cause her to llee ? ' [word, — 

Instantly aoswcr^i the Goddess — my heart sanlc down ai the 

■Dcspcnite man!— whflt, a^ain for Iho conHict thy courago » 

stirred i 
What, when the Gods ever -living assail, wilt ih^in then not mfrain? 
Not of the de^thlings is she, but a deaEhless. a ruinous banc. 
Hideous to look upon, hard to enc^ouator, resistless in heht ; 
Valour and prowess are impotent, nothing availeth but night. 
If by th*•. nidi of the rrx:k tit put on Ihe^ thy fiatnes<i Ehou stuy, tio 
Forth the iiiiiatiate fiend will come darling again for her prey ; 
Each of rhe horrible heads trom the galley its victim wiil tear : — 
Nay, but in any wise speed thee along with thy might, and in 

Cry to Crataiis her dam» that hath borne her tc mortals a bane ; 
Cry, if perchance she w^ll st^y her from swooping upon thee again. 
Nf^it sha]t tliou come to Thrinacria's isle, atid therein on the 

Many a herd of the Sun-Kod's kine And his. fair ahocp feed ; 
Seven are the herds of hi» Idne. ood Ibo flocks of bis sheep are 

Fifty ;n each ; and they die not, nor unto them fncrvase is ffiven. 
Goddesses tend Iheni for ebcphcrdSi the maida that Nearra bate xyo 
Τΰ [his Sun, Phaiiihu&a ai^d Latiiiielic λλΙ\\ her shining hair: 
She bare them, and mir^id, nnd sent forth from iheir home the 

Sun-god'e daughters, 


-Τ!)!" i3Dbp0fftr» 

iioox xit. 

To Uftep watch on his ktne antl hi^ sheep far cff amid lonely waters» 
See thai thou hurl Ihem not, and lake ihuiniht for thy home- 

returning i [yearning. 

So out of wots sJi^lI ye win In the land for the which ye are 
Bui nrd if ihou shalt do them λ mUchief, demucticn iind sKipwt^cIc 

Galley anil shipmates alike ; and if thou be not jcjined in tbdr frite. 
After yeaia, after loss of thy men, ^halt thou leach home, londy 

and late/ 
So did aheapciik. and aeon rose Dawn on hur golden thrcme ΐ (140 
And up throuiih ihc isUiid was gone the GodJesa, aud I was alono- 
So down to tb« shore 1 hied, and my males did I ihere coMimand 
Tc din^b the blacjc tthipE side» ;knd to cast hvt ϊοο&α kom the «trandi 
So thoy cDlcred up into tbo ship, &nd thoy sat tlicni down tc th« 

iilii]ke ; 
Artd iheeea with cheordeHy dipoflh» blad«« into boar foam broke. 
And a bravu wind sprang up boblndi and I foil tho dark prow lift 
As the sail bellied out with the wind, and I kiiew it for Cii'cc's gift — 
Diead Goddess of vo)c« most swcel, and ΐ'ΐϋποιιβ braidtnl hair: — 
And when we had fa&tened the sheet and ihe reel of th• lackling 

wilb care, 
Sat weal ease, and the haad of (he helaisiiiaii oidcicd the rest- [150 
Then spake [ onto my band with a borden of pain on my br^Ai^t : 
■ Fnends, it pertaineth lo all to aUend to the words 1 ahaft say, 
The oioclcs Circ£ gave ere she sped 06 Forth on onr way. 
Ϊ will declare ihem to you, and choose ye, whether :o die. 
Or whether to lake good heed of the anare, and the death to ny. 
First of the weird ones, the Sirens, she bade us to take good need, 
And Xq flee Uom theit magical sung, and ibe flowerb of the charmed 

She commandid me only lo hear, but wiih ([ailing ropes made fast : 
Firm on the mast-^tcp &el mc, and la^h me unto the maet, 
Aud if 1 shall bid yon release me, tominaiidinfi or earnejitly iirayln^. 
Then shaU ye bind me the faster, new fetters upon me laying." 
So did I tell ihem of all ; and they heard, and approved th• 

KindEy the fair wind blew, and the good ship scudded awhile : 
Onward and onward she fiew, till we came to the Sirens' IsEe- 
On a sudden the breath of the air was no more on the fAce of tha 

And the power of a God was there, soft -lulling the billows to sleep. 
Then the sail in fold upon fold did we gather, and ^afel^ stowed 
Down in the good ship's hold, and my shipmntcs chcenly rowed ; 
And the cbuming of long sweeps made white foa[ii on tlie roaring 

brine. [fine ; 

Uul a broad wax slab with my blade did 1 carve, and 1 shredded it 
And [ kneaded to softness the same with a masterful pressure 

thcieon i 171 


of Domrr, 



And it mdted ^t, for the finmc of the Sun-trod nojgbti^ «hone. 
And mv ehipzikates' oais did 1 eiiicaE, full cunoLngry sealiDg th^n 
htU (msk8t i 

So ihnt ncvct ft rnftn tni^bt bcAr; and Ihcjr bound mc unto the 
Hands and feet they bound as I stood on (he masi-atep there ; 
And the ffipes went round and rcund thft mAAt, a.nd weie lAebod with 
caro. [oars ; 

And then to the stroke Ehcy bent, and the white foam Bcw from the 
And sv^'iftly tbe blacJi shi;> went, <ind -we d:ew ni^h unto tlic shoics. 
So nigb, That The shout of a mac might be heard; ard the Witch- 

mfiids spied, 
And che spell of their aiiLging be^an» cleAr-tinging across the tide : 
' Come, pride of Achaia. Odysseus, umw nigh us I rSo 

Come, list to our chant, rest the oar frcm tls rowing: 
Never yet was there any whose K^licy fled by us, 

But, sweet as the diops itoin the huiieycuiiiti lluwing. 
Our voices enthralled him. and siayed his ongoing, 
And he paeaed from that rapture more wise than aforetime: 

For we know ah the toil that in Troyiund bciell. 
When the will of the Gods was wjouyht out in the waf'time: 
Yea, ail thai is doue on the earth oan we t«li/ 
Sw«etly the voices rang, and my heart exceedinfily yearned 
To li&t to the lay that they sang ; and mine eyes to my shipmates I 
turned J 190 

And I signed to them, ' Set m« fr«6 Τ ' btit th«y bent to the oars. 

and rowed ; 
And aerugo the ship unto me Pcrimede and Euryli>L-hu3 strode i 
And ihey mad* my bonds more fast, and they straitened me only 

cEie more, 
Until wc bad run clear pasti and bad left the enchanted ahord. 
When the voice of tbe Siicnu di«d in the distance» Mtid thul weiid 

Failed over the sea-awoll wide, then took my ahipmalca away (they. 
Tlic fettera wherewith I was tied, and the wax from thei: car« look 
Bui as soon as the i&lsDd waa lost from our sight, we beheld a 
And a sur^'c of the sea higb-toat, and α thunder of watcra brotce 
On the ponic-stiuck ears cf my crew ; then clattered the uar» ajid 
dashed ΐοο 

From their paralysed baod« ae thoy fltiv, and fidown th« current they 
splashed. iaghost. 

With the sweep of the tapering blade broken ofT, and the oarsmen 
There was the ship's course stayed ; but down rbrough her length 
] passed, [cheer. 

And I atood by my shipmates ; to each did I speak kind words of 
Rousing their heiirts with my spettch to a hope overmastcTing fear : 
' Friends, we must yet know irouhJes ; a Utile while yet endure ! 
Surely this new tribulation is not 90 pastnng cure 

ITbf flDtptfsn» 

nooK xn. 

Λίί the day when the on^-cycil i^iani pent us within his c&ve ; 
Yet ihfiDce could my vni find my rctm^] av;iil our lives to save ; 
And [ ween nil Xbh shall be hut a memory some brii:ht dfty. aio 
Now thcicfurc, iriy sbipmntc», as J shall command, let us all obey ; 
Koep ye yoUT seats on the benches» imd %mi[r the wild surf of the sea, 
if ZeuE will vouchsafe ttiat forth of iestruclion's jaw« we m^y Ilea, 
Stecremarii give heed.— thus I bid thee, Ibou lay up my words in 

thy soul, [control; 

Seeing thiae is the hc»ndon Ibehehii Ihal thaeourseof theshipdoth 
Wide of thifi smoke of ttie spray and the seething billows' shock 
Keep ihou with heed the giillcy, ana head her iiEiil for the rock. 
Lest she suddenly sheer off yonder oi evci lliereof thou be worrt. 
And thou into bale in a momeni Imrl its, — have thou a care I ' 
So did 1 spoak, and they heard, and iny best they obeyed each 

one; 330 

Btit of Scylla I spake not a word, — since help against her was (here 

noQe,— [power 

Lest my mjiles, by tbeHuddcnaSTifiht tef tor -palsied, shotilU have no 
To rtjw, and dowa oul of sight should essay in tlie hold to cowei. 
And then, ab thi^n, I forgot the Eticharit rest's finllJrg behest, 
How she comrENuided me not to put armooi iibout my liTca&t : 
But I did on my war^gear bright, and with two Ιοοιϊ spears 10 my 

hand, [stand ; 

On the deckpUnka ready for fight by iho prow of the ship did 1 
For on that t)UAr1cr 1 wceoed that nnino enemy ntui would appear, 
Scylla. the giim ciag-fiend. brint'Ui^ bane to my shipmates dear. 
But she tiowhete appeared to niy ^ΐφΐ, and I fiCraiDed my aching 

gaze a^o 

At ihc cliff with its mcasurdeaa height all mistily numtlcd in hace. 

Up ibiough the wild water-goiyc did wc ^l>uud we ^luaiiedwllh 

affrigbt ; (mt^hi, 

Here Scylla.- -but yonder the surge whore Chjir^bdifir re&iellese in 
Teiiibly sacked to uct chasms untalhomcd the brine of the main ; 
Upward with shudders and spasni^ mad-wriihmg she belched it 

again : 
Seething abysses were roaring, as cAldron o'er tlames that is boillD^, 
Leapt o^er the rock'crcsts upsoaring the foam Uom xhe frantic 

Down a£ she vhelmeih the wave doth α cavernous chasm reveaJ 
Gtilfs where the water-whirls rave, deep CbilJeth to deep, and there 

pcfti [340 

Sea-lhut^ders from difT unto cUIT, and the floor of the «^ ϋκ in ti^ht 
Swart with its ftUme : terror stiff were my men, and all wan with 

aiTrighi. [struck »t&re : 

On the jaws of destruction foum'UUiiidiinft wc ^<Eed with a horror• 
— Suddenly Scylla down-flafihinij from out of the galley did tear ^ 
Six of my ^ipmates ; she took even them which were mightiest of 


--■ -^ 


of t)cnntr. 



Εν&Ω 03 ί turnod mc to look» giving heoJ lo the livos of try bAnd, 
All in a moment bcbdd I iheir fc«t ^nd ibcii banda up un bt^Eli, 
Swung ΐφ ahovi^ ; and ihey yelled vm%o me with a h^rc^wringiag 

Calling in angiiish oa mc by my name for the last liinc—thG Ust ! 
Even AS when on a sea-shcif a fisherntaa staDdelh» to cast 
Baits ta the fish fcr asn^re, till the horn on the line ther^below 350 
ishivehng telleth that there ]£ a victim that writhas to And fxo : 
Om of the sea to the shore ΟΛ it quiver» he whirleth it then ; 
So did timy writhe as she bore ibeni aloft thiough I he Air lo h^r don* 
Then in hez gates her teeth tare them: tn screams they yield^ 

their bTG&th, [death. 

Stretched to mc hands of despair from that hideous wtestle willi 
Oh, it wa-s pilifiil ]■ — never mine eyes such 4 horror lo me 
Showed» mid all anguish that ever I suffered tn tracking the sea. 

And wlicn we were dear of the roar of Charybdis, and Scyiln's 
Soon ^ve sight&d the shore of ihe isle of a God moat fair. [l^r. 

There did the cattle browse of The Siin that tre:iiis heaven's steep, 
Grand broad-fronied cows, and the docks οι bis goodly sheep. [ϊ6ο 
And over the tossing foam there camCi in the ship as 1 lay, 
Λ luwin;^ of kine dnvca home to be boused at Lhe clc^ of tha day, 
And Λ hfeating i>f *heep I heard ; th^n suddenly woke in my breast 
tiiiod Teiresias' wordj and Aeoean Circe's beheet, [a^iaiOj — 

Who had 3traicly bidden me sliuif, — yea, charginf^ me once and 
The isle of the God i>f ihe Sun, the giver of joy ηητο men, 
TheD,heart-sick with bodtng fear, my ftpeecb to my men t addressed: 
■ Shipmates, lend ve an ear, dbeit by troubles oppressod, 
To tho words ui the Theban i^eer, and Ai;d.-an Circ£'s behest ; 270 
For they siraitly have bidden us shun, — yea, charging me onee and 

The isle of the God of the Sun, the giver of joy unto men : 
For ihcTc they foretold that ill, a terrible ilE, shculd befolL 
So spetd we the black ship srill, nor approach to ihe island at all' 
But their heart was nigh to break as the warning unwelcome Ihey 
And out Eurylochus spake» a bitter indignant word : [heard ; 

' Besbiew thee, Odysseuf^» thou st^ibborn of soul and tiTelesa of 

framen [is the same ? 

Iron-hmbod, iron-hearted I — what, dost thou deem that our strength 
Nay. but with toil are we spent and forwcaried with sleeplessness ; 
And thou leitest i:a net set loot on the seagirt island, to dress 2S0 
Any savoury supper, but bidit that we wander all diitmaUy 
From the island away through the rushing night on the misty sea• 
Vca, ship-destioyiug bbsts fruu» ihc womb of the darknew» come : 
How sbculd one 'Hzape from Hhe^r dL'SiractJon. who temptelh hia 
If perchanr^eontbe face of the ^a a hurricane end den I y rose [doom, 
With the wrath of the South'Windor Wc-^t, the stormte&t wind that 
Wind» that can shatter a !»hfp in the very Gods' despite ? [blows, — 
Nay, hearken we rathnr now to the high liehest of the Kighl, 

H^t flDCipflrcrff' 


We will stay by Iho f»o& oi the gaucy, and orly our supper prepare ί 
With the OawQ nil! we boarJ tier again and forth on the sea will we 

fate." T90 

So be spak0i fmd the rest of the crew there murmureU approval 
And then in my heart J knew that a God wns plotting us ill ; fstill ; 
Ycl riy wiQged words answering flew, a hule lo cuib iheir will : 
■ 1 am bm one, ye ntc many : lo, ye have the mastery, 
Howbeit, come, all of you, swear a mi^htv oath unto me: 
Swear, if on kint-drovc or goodly flock 01 sheep wc shall light. 
None of you all in iDfaluate balc-biiiiging folly will ^mite 
Either sheep cr οκ^ but will peacefully ail rftfiain you. :ind eat 
Naughi save the fare that immortal Circu gave ibr out meat/ 
So did L ^pcak, and each one of them lightly obeyed, nothing 

loih. 3CH1 

And» so soon λ.% the swearing was done, and they all had made end 

of the oath, 
In a sheUeied cove did we bring to aachoi the weU'WEOUj^bL keel ; 
And there by a sweet fresh spring we made ready the eveniiiy rneal. 
But when ihey had eaten, and done with the ctavinn for food, there 

arose [ihoughi of thoae 

The reniembraiitt uf tliem that were gccne ; and trey wept as ihey 
That out of the ship had been torn and by Scytla devoured ; and 

they wept [^hey slept. 

TlU. in slumber fortccttini; to mourn, with the tears an their faces 
Two pari* of the night were gone, and the stars to their rest were 

going, fbiowinp; 

Wheniho Herder of cJouds brought on ns a wild wind mtghtily 
And it waxed till a hiitiicane roared, and the maiute» of cloud on- 

drivpn 310 

O'er the land and the sea w&re poured, and night ruebed down from 

the heaven, [faiTi 

When low ^'ci the weltering wave glanced Dawn,ig«te'rEugeieuaud 
We ihruftt far into a cave the galley^ and moored her there^ 
There was the Nymphs' dance-fJoor, and the scats where thoy 

worn to r^t, (addressed: 

And 1 gathered my men once more, and the last sad warning 
* Friends, in the ship there is wine, there is ηι«Αΐ τη abundance for 
Abstain we then from the kine, lest a terrible evil befall ; [all : 

For Lhe kine and the sheep are these of a God, and Λη awful oiie. 
Of Ihe Sun . all rhings he sees, and he bears whaisocvcr is done.' 
So 1 «pake, and my gallant crew gave ear with heatts consentiAg : 

Dul Lhe South'wirtd slormily blew for α whole iBomh, never tc- 

I en ling : 
It was ever the windf. from (he East and iheSouth, and these -ilonc. 
But so long as my men could fcaat upon corn and wine of ihcir own. 
Deaire was u'crmasterod by dreuJ, und Uivy atill from the Idne 

abstaioed : 


ot t»ontfr. 


Hut after the wine nod the bread were spent) we were even cOD- 
sliaiun^l^ [ibere* 

Since the hunger within us wa« sore, to liunt for the «cant g^m• 
Ht>ammg ihe whole Ule o'er, the birds and the tishes ta nnnrc. 
Then ί !oneIy pathviay I Itod, and went up through the island to 

If haply some pitying God out of trouble would show me λ wajr- 
So across Ehc island I went, having left my shipmates behind, 530 
To a place whE:ic ά high ndge lent a covert ftiim thai fierce wind. 
And I washed mine hands, and there did I cry to the Dwellers in 

Heaven 1 
And for all reply to my prayer sweet sleep unto me was given, 
Wbile Eurylochus unit) his fellows an tvil czuunsel atldiessed ; 
^ Hearken to me, my Tnates. Gilbert by troahle oppressed : 
Hateful is every shape of death unto wret>^hcd mortals ; [portals, 
But by faiiiinc njost piteous is it to paw thr<>ugh the shadowy 
Lo there the kine of the Sun ; — the LeM of them all having driven, 
We *rUI offer them up to the Gods that dwell in the broad-arched 

But if unto Itbaca ever we come, lo our fatLeih' luad, 343 

Straightway Mpre^ited by our hands a goodly temple shall stand 
To the ϊ^αη, and therein will we Jay for hiin otTerings many and fair. 
But and if ia bb wrath for his call'homcd kine he lefuse to spare 
Us and OUT galley, and none of the rest of the Goi3f' will save, 
Betteir 1 say, in a moment to perish, agape to the wave, 
Than slowjy to pine and starve, with a desolate iaie for a gra^^/ 

So did he apeak, and the reM commeaded the impious word- 
And strai^'hlwiiy they dfove the hest of the kine of the Sue-god's 

From ani^h; for a little way from the galley they wont to browse;— 
Stately and fair weie ibey, Uie broad-browed, wreath-homed cows; — 

Then €tood they around the l^eeves, and they prayed to the Gods on 

And they stripped the tender leaves o! a tall-liesbed oak thereby. 
Because while barley was none to be found in the well-benched ship. 
And after the prayer is done, they slay, and tho skins they strip, 
And the bones of the thighs cat out, and, doubly folding it over, 
With rhe fat rtey wrap them atiout, and with pieces of flesh they 

qover. {none, 

And drawing thcni water Ihey came, forasmuch as wine (hoy had 
And they poured on the altar-flame, and tbey roasted the entrails 
And after the sacrifice and the tasting of eniTAils due, Tthereon ; 
The rest into pieces they slice» aod tbey run Che long «pita through, 

And then fronjmEiieeyelidsthe band of aiumber was snatched away, 
And I hied me to sjo tothe strand, to the plare where the swifi ship 



ιβ4 'ϊΙϊΐΓ flPtipEKffp BOOK χη. 

Hur iini^h lo ihf spot us I dfew where the f;iirs1iip l^y on ihe coast, 
tiudderly iound me bXevr the suvoury r«ek of the roast : 
And I shrieked with a btttcr crvi and to all the Immortala 1 cried : 
^ Ο Ztus, AlifathcL on hjj^h f bfc^ed Gods that fui cvct abide ΐ 
A ptiile^s sUep ilid ye hnng, inio ruin (hat hdted me nway : 
And behold» this moostrouB thing hath been done by my matee 
ihis day!" (the Sun 

Flashing swift from the earth as the fire of ihcliglitnmg flew up to 
LampeEic, telling her sire of the sacrilege -si a vigliler done. 3,70 

And iu horceness of wrath cried ho for tho trespass beyond for^iv- 
' Ο Zeus Allfaiher, and ye the rest of the Gods cverliving f [ing : 
Vengeance for me on the men of Odysseus thst lawle^ly slay 
Kin« thfli were ever my joy both in treading the star'Studded way. 
Yea, and when turning from heaven, on e^rth-folk my splendour to 

Tf I may nnt he avenged for my kine on their swords that hsvebled, 
Down will I go unto Hades, Aud lighten the land of the dead.' 

Answered him Zeus AUfathcr» Yiho drivcth the clouds at his will : 

' Sun-gixl, shine thou rather upun tbe ImmorEals sLill, 

And on mortals the wide heaven under, on cocngwicg earth that 

be; 3S0 

But thy vengeance shall come with my ihucdcr, the lighlnmg shaU 

answei for lUee: 
It shall shiver their gall«y asunder amidst of the wine-dafic sea,* 
To Calypso the beautiful haired did Hennes the Guidcuod teli 
The story, and she dc^cUred unto me whatsoever hefdi. [^bode, 
Hilt when I rnme down lo the beach» to th* place where the ^Uey 
In mine anf-er t tuTned upon each after other, and bitterly chodc. 
But remedy found wc none, since the cattle already were dead 1 
Ami the (ioda began thereupon lo display to thcni poiteots diead. 
The hide« of th« dead kiii« «lined, slow-writhing along and crawl- 
ing: [caliiapi. 390 

And a bvriug of oKcn was heard, for the flesh 011 the *pita was 
Six days, dny after <]iiy, was the horror repealed, fijr slill [at will. 
Tbeb^t of the k-ine dravelhey. and they elaughtered them, gorging 
Botsoeoonas the seventh day's light by Zeus to the earth wiLs given, 
Suddenly cfthncd was the might of the windh in the hurricane driven; 
And into the galley we passed, and we Ihrusi forth on lo the wave, 
And we heifited tip the mast, and the sail to the wind we gave. 
Bui as 300Γ as the olHn^ was gairtedt and under the dim iicadinc 
Sunk was the isJe, and remained nauj^hl flse but the sky ard the 
Then did Cronion bring a lurid cloud overhead, [brine, 

And a gloom from iU ^hadowtag wing wn£ over the water» spread. 

Shoft liine on her perilous p.aCh Hew onward the g'tllry, for liwifl 
The West'Wind, howling in wralb, came t>riDging the whiln spume- 
drift, mast ; 
Snapped by the bJast of the vrtnd were the two forcsuya of the 


of ^omfc. 


And the mil spnr tumbled behind, and iht* taclde thereof was cACt 

Into tho f;;kl]cy'^ woll ; and iliu iLiaet, s^s it t^turnwurdb cru^budt 

Oji ihc liuud of (lie bteciHiiuu HI, and tlic boui;:* of biu »ku]l wore 

All to η mas8, and be. as ii diver that spnngs from a height, 
Dropt from the deck II» ihc sea, and the soul from his boixcs took 

fliglit. [luiTlHd, 

And with rolling and frashing of thunder the lightning of Zeos was 
And the ship's whole Jcni;th thereunder shivered) and round sho 

whirled 410 

Filled with a sulphurous steEtnij And my men frori her decks were 

flung : [were swung 

Like the white sca-ni«ws did they seem as they hither and thither 
Round the ship laid the fo&m and the swelJ, till the faces, a monicDt 

Cost, [was lo&L 

Sank, weighted with veogeairce, to hell ; and the hope of theti homo 
UliI I paced up ^nd down the deck, till a sea burst over, and tore 
The sides from the koel, and the wicck dismaniled the wiJd surge 

Snnpt αϊ the keel was the mast» and Che twain swam side by side ; 
Bui the backstay upon them was cast, — it was wrO;ight of the tc-ugh 

αλ -hidc : — 
So 1 lashed the long spars fast tog^tlier, and croiKhing on ihe^e 
1 was borne by the pasL^vonato blast through the welter of hungry 

seas- 420 

But rhe West-wind after a space no longer madilened the sea, 
Aod the South-wind blew in its place, twasu terrible wind unto me; 
For backward it swept mc. back, through a ni^ht of confusion and 

Till I had remeaeured my Track, and Charyhdis a|[ain was near. 
And» juet as the waieis glowed to the east with a crini&on l^am^, 
Unto Scylla'a rocky abode and 10 awfiii CharybdJs J canie : 
Even then was shf; yawning aMindei, but, lifted a momerit on high, 
Or ever the raft plunged under, 1 clutched ai the wild fig by ; 
And like lo a bal 1 clun^, and I K'^^P^d with my feel around, 
Twixl heaven and earth as 1 hung» bnt foothold was none to be 

found ; 430 

For the roots were far away, a.nd the branches noated and swayed, 
Far-drooping and huge were they, and Chaiybdis was dark with 

their shade - 
Yet ! clung with a desperate strain, till the gulf rebelching ihrew 
The mast and the keel up again, — nght welcoiiiethey cimeinto mWi 
It was even the hour when away lo his supper the deemster hies. 
Who hath sat through the weary day mid the market's wrangling 

When through hiss of the swirl and through «pray of the whirl did 

the beams uprise. 
Them my limbs to the fall I gave, lelcaung my hold at the last ι 

ϊ66 -Cir JiDttpfftftp of ^omtr. book xn. 

And I heavily plunged in the wave, just clearing the keel and the 

mast. [Charybdis was past. 440 

So 1 climbed them, and paddling drave with mine hands till 
But the Father of Gods and men did not suffer that Scylla should 

For if she had looked forth then, swift doom had it been for me. 
Nine days was I home on the sea ; on the tenth, as the twilight 

fell, [dwell 

The Gods of their grace brought me to the island whereio doth 
A Goddess majestic and fair, C^ypso Che beautiful -tressed, 
Who loved me and cherished me there, — but why should I speak 

of the rest ; 
For 1 told thee thereof yestreen, and to tell it over again 
Unto tbee and thy stately queen were but irksome labour in vain.'' 

tt9\A dDti?jGiiSf Ufl canu bnrli to ^iis obin Ιαηΐι. ant> })ab rouiwl 

THROUGH the shadow} halls all round was a hush — none mur• 
mured or «tiired : [thai th<»y heard. 

And ihey sat as in trance, spell-bound by the chann of the tale 
Till the voice of Alcmous woicc, and across the silence he cried ; 
"Od>swus- now ihoii an come In my pabce nt lin*ss'lnnTt pride, 
My high-roofed hall, 1 trow thou sbal: win to thine home at last, 
Nor stray iiom the track any more, to ali thy woes overpast. 
Bui liow let CHcb of Ifw ptviices obey this hest of mine. 
All ye in mine halU thai quaff the chieftains' llame-fiushed wuie, 
And list to the minetrel's voice, and are mcriy of cheer evermore : 
Lo now, in the polished chest hath the itianpcr goodly store lO 
Of raiment and nch-wrou^hL goM. and luaiiy a gjfl of piice 
HUlwrward broughT by Phaearian pHiices in councti wise. 
Come then, let us give him u caldron acd tripod every one ; 
Acd we horn the folk will gather, and ao for our lo^ will atone ; 
For 'tis bard whea ibe wdghl of the welcoming falleth on one 
So did Alcinous sky, and the others were wMl content : [aione." 
And away lo thdr own honnos they lo thoir rest through the dark- 
ness v.-eot. 
When the fingers rosy-red of the Dnwn nnveiled the day, 
Down to the galley they sped, and the glorious brass brought thc^ : 
And Alcinous' sacred ziiij^'ht went over thceaUcy then ; ao 

And beneath the ipidei^ aij^ht be slowed theJii. Ic^l haply tbe men 
Should be hindered thereby on the way as they plied the a^hei^ 
blade. [Arrayed - 

Then back το ihc halls went they, and there was the banquet 
Then Alcinous^ sacred inigbt offered up a stately bull 
Unto him thatiJwelleth in night of domU, and o'er all doth nile. 
And when they had burnt the thighs, they turned to the lunquet 

of wine ; 
And then did tbe ball-^lee rise, And sung the mbstrel divifie. 


Φ!)Γ Φ\)ΐ&αίΐ 

BOOK Xltl. 

DemcuJocne, honoured hieh : — l^m Odysseus was ever turning 
His head υητο where m tho sky Ihu auii himt; u lory -burning, 
Languishing aye for the nrght. for he luQ|,'rr(ii ior he loagi^d to 

netum, 30 

And even ns a tciL-weary wight for tho hour of his supper doth 

yearn, [fuitcws brown, 

Wliose siccis all day have l-een [Iraj^giny ihc share thruugh the 
And joyful is he when the bgginE sun is ai last gone down, 
And to supper at iast he may f;o,and his hurryiui; feet seem slow ; 
So was Odysseus iorc rejoiced to beholj ihni sign ; [brine : 

And strfiig^hiway he spoke tci the oar-luviiig fclk, the sons of Uiv. 
And chief to the kmg did he cry, and an eager word he spoke: 
'* Lord King Aicinous, high-renowned amou^ all earth-folk, 
Pour ohl^itions And send me aivay in peace ; and ye« farewell : 
For now are ;ioroniplished thrr things for the which tuy heart hath 

been yearning, 40 

Home-speeding and lovinfC gifts: T^ay the Gods in the houvcnsthat 

Blesfi ihem I0 me; ruy wife uustatned may I find in reluming, 
Id my home, and my friends well-firing ^nd living eorrowleee hvee : 
And may ycthat i leave behind deal bli&s toyourchildTcnand wives: 
Whatsoever thint!^ be Lhc bc^t umy ihe God^ be^luw un you all; 
May they grant iFiat noihing of harnn may e'er 10 the nation befall," 

So as he spake, all they commended it, f;iving advice 
To aend the stiAuger away, since the word he had uttered was wise. 
And then to the henchman spoke the lord of Pharacia't folk ; 
*' PontonouB, mingle the bowl, and bear of the wine once more 50 
To each several guest, that Zeus Allfather wc now niny imploroi 
And :)0 may send tbf' siran^er away lo hib falherland^sbore." 

So the honry^heart wine was rrowned ; and ihe henehman^ to 

each drawing cigh. 
Bare to the guests all round, and they poured to the Ood& on high ; 
From Ihcir scats to the Blessid they poured that abide in the 

Heaven. dome broad- 
But ro^ and stood by the board Odys&eus Uke to α Rod. 
And the double -chalice citp did he place her hands between, 
As the hero lifted up his voice, and sp^jke to the ιριπίΠ : 
" Ο Queen, farewell ; be happiness thine evermore till thou come 
Unto eld and α sunset -f^lonous threshold of all men's; home, 60 
And now must I go, but have thou joy in bower and at board, 
Entonipassed with praise of the people, and lovn of thy cbildrcn 

and lord/' 
Then over the threshold went Odysseus the godlike wight ; 
And with him a herald was sent by Akinous' sacred inighti 
To lead to the way to the strandf where the swift »hip rode by the 

sea ; [three ; 

And there went, by ArMf's command» along with him bardmaidfi 
And tlie liiat α fair white vc^L aud η Howing nianlle tune ; 

aooK xiii. 

of ^omrr. 


And thf! «ecnnd brought on the cht^l strong-wrought, tdlb the 

\ηά [he third of ihc maidens bore tlic bvc^d And the rosc-flushej 
So whrn Ihcy vevtr. Ltmic lu liit ahurc jml Ihr d^sli cf ihc hoary 

brine, 70 

The crow of the ga\\&y etrii^ht ruceived cf the maidens their Ιοώ. 
And Ihcpicctaus Uejinuie-froufhtitiid the victual IjcIow they stowed; 
And thry ΐΐν^Δρ for OJ)'S±«afi& b«d on ihi* dt^ck-pUnks hccdfully ; 
Carpett and lint^o they spread, that his i««t unbroken rn^ht bCn 
I'hen aboard did the hero f;o, and silently ^own he ky : 
And alony the iliwutla arow 4II orderly ranged were they ; 
And Che hawser loose ihey cast from ihe stone wherethrough it was 

passed; [the oar. 

And they bent to the stroke, snd they tore the white surf up with 
Then ihedawsof a dreamless sleep (j'u( litswruufdlcydids streamed; 
MoBC sweet, unbroken and deep, una likeet to di>ath it seerncsd, 80 
And» 4S all together d.ish fc^ur gtaliionn over the plains 
At ihc touch of the whistling Ush, rX the tow of the glaadng rcios. 
And they tx^nnd through the air, and lh«-y fly, as Lip1>orne on Ihe 

^'ing£ of the wind. 
So was the stem tossed tiigh as the good ship leapt» ftnd behind 
Hushing the dark wave sped of the manifold -roaring sea , 
And nnswerviuijly onwaid &Ue tied : so swiftly, sa surely went she. 
Not the falcon could match lior, whose Ilight is the neetcsi of ail 

things that fly. Ihigh, 

So fast did ihe cleave and so ti^hl she rode over the waves toesing 
As onward the hero «he Ivtre who in wisdom wan like to a cod. 
Whohadsuffered affliction before, heart troubles, α wear ifuMoadt $0 
Id battles of waning men, and on waves of the troublous sea : 
Vet ppiicpful slept he ihcn, from iJicii ^^rry rcrni^tnbfiinte free. 

Now overhead hung the bright broad star, forerunner of mom. 
The chief of the heraids of light, ere breaks Jrom her mist-bed the 

Dawn ; [shore. 

And now was the galley come nigh lo the wave-washed Iihacan 
Now a certain haven doth lie,— lis of Pborcy» Ihe sea-god hoar, — 
On Ithaca'» consl. and thereby aic cliffs upon cither side. 
Seawwd 'jut tiny and hii;h, a^jJ ihey tuuch by Ihe Ruardrd tide ; 
And they shelter the sn)ooth ■ swelling wave from the winda that 

bluaieraod rave; [ride too 

But the weil-beodhed galley;» within the sheer rock-rampari may 
iTnanthored ; if onre they wio to the harbour, secure ihey abide. 
By the wash of the innermost wave is an oJive. a sdvery cloud ; 
And thereby is a lovolv cave which thd cool deep shadows shroud. 
And the place is a hallowed spot to the Nyirrphs of the fountjiin- 

streani ; 
And pitcheffi and bowls through the grot in living marble gleam : 
And ihe bees build there, and their wings retake the air a^ a 

niurniurijus drcaiti. 


HU sEDbpiirfrp 


And looms cncoeding tail o! sluiic for tbc Nymphs >tc thcie. 
And thereon do ih^y wcavf* (he pall sea-pufple, Aondrous fair. 
And fountains xto thcic evcrfl-jwicR ; and iwo doors lead tlicnc«forlh, 
Tbeone is for men's dowogoing, and faceth the sunless north ; no 
Bui the other, λ track whert^iipun ua man's foot cvei tinlh irot]^ 
Lighl-pavcd by the noonday sun, lieth fair for the feet of a God, 
tio there did they speed to the land m the twihght) the land that 

tli^y knew ; 
And (he gailey high rn the strand the half of hex keel's length threw, 
So good were the oarsman band before whose strokes she flew. 
Then down did the shipmen leap from the gallant keel ϊο the shore ; 
And out of the well-gJit sliip the slunil«iing heio lliey bore 
VVith hU bed ; for to linen ftnd gay bright rug« did they set their 

h&nds : 
And softly there did they lay him, by sleep overborne, on the sand». 
And they brought the shining Btore that the sea-kings gave, ere he 

parted 130 

To eo to his fatherland -shore, Ihroiiiih Athen£ tho τη ighfy -hearted. 
And the goodly 'gleam in»,' army did ihey range ncalh an olive-ttcc» 
Aloof tiDTn the Trodden way, Icsi any should pass and see. 
And the precious treasure steal, or ever Ody^eus WC^, 
Then for home did they launch the keel, And flushed the long swift 

fitroke. [in^^ !»t^l^ 

But Poseidon, the Earfhshaker dread, remembered his threaten' 
That he hurledat Odysseus' head ; and he asked of the Thundcror's 
will : [hoaveik, 

'^ All&ther, where shall i»y worship be found mid the Dealhleas In 
1, unco whom t>y the deathlings honour no mere is given, 
I, whom the Phxjidans flout > men spTLin^of mine own highstrALo? 
For in sooth f said that Odysseus should suffer ruAaifold pain [130 
Ere he came to his home ; yeC 1 thought not wholly to take away 
His return, stnce nrst thou hadst sworn and promised his homo- 
coming day. 
But over the sea havr tlicy borne him lapped in slumber's ίίΑύ, 
And have set him in Ithnci imfp, and have given him gifts ttntold. 
Marvels of woven raiment, and stores of brass and of gold, 
More than Ody&seus from Ilium ev-er had carried away, 
Scatheless Jud \ir. come thencf• willi hisriwn full share of the prey/' 

Answering sp:ihe to the Lord of the sea-tide Zeus, Cloud-king: 
'■ Ο mighty bhakerof Earth, that thou sbouJdesl say this thing! 140 
Hew nhould tile Dwellers in llectven do dLshoiiuuc to ihce. 
To thee, thr eldesi and noblest of all ir Olympus that be? 
But if any of men, puffed up with hift stieogth, and in pride of his 

Dcmieih thee worship, such deeds evermore is it thine to reijiiite : 
Deal with them even as Ihy heart doth command, und as seemetb 
thee nfiht/" 
Then vengeauicfr^Atbirst the SbaJ<er of £ajtb cried ateridy aloud : 


Of ^omrr. 


" Soon wouM I do as thou sayest, Ο nhroudcd in dirkncau of cloud ; 
Utit t:wt I liiaad m tcAt of thcc, and in dtciid of U\y wrulh. 
Lo, now am I fain to smite amidst of her hoiii^^ward paih 
Out OQ the rnisty scci the fair Fhaeacian i^hip; 150 

And never again shall Ihey speed any straogcr over the docp. 
Wlitti u muuHlruuH hit] hath o'crKhaduwcd thdr town with iu 
measnreles* heap." ^addreeseci : 

rfVneworcd the Herder of Clouds, and Hie Shaker of Earth 
" Ο loved of my aoul. unto mitic hcviil ihiis doth ii seem lo be best η 
Wlien all the folk of lli« c-rEy are watching tl nearin^ the strand. 
Be it straightway tnLii&formutl 10 aroclcand riveted nigh to the land, 
Slill ΪΠ a swift ship'ti likeness, And ^m shall ihLy inatvcl all ; 
And t}ie shroud ul λ nii^lity tuuutitaiu abuut thfitr city shall fall•'* 

So when ϊΗθ Eaith*ebaker dread had he^ril Mlfalhcr'^s derree, 
Swift to Phceacia he sped, to the peopLu (hat dwell by tho aoa> ibo 
There did Poseidon bioe, aod J^eetly llie ^ailcy flew 
Standing In from ihe oiitMa wide: but ih^ Eanh-shakcr nigh to her 
dr«w, [stone, 

And with flAt hand striking he smoto her» and turned tho ship to a 
And rooted her there lo the spot, — aod behold» the God was gon«. 
But the people beheld from the shore, aod each unio other cried 
The foik that deal with the oar and the galley, the sea^kiog't pride ; 
And each *^g ^out, a> he turned him about unto those at hiaside: 
'' Olookf — the galley! — itow who hath fellered her there m the sea, 
Even as she siaad in shoreward, and full in sight was she ?*' 

But Ihey know aot the thlitg that wafi done, and in wildcred amaza 
each spoke ; ITO 

Till the old king looked thereon, and he cried in the midst at the fnik ; 
" O, now to me Cometh a long'fipoken prophecy heard from the lips 
Of my sire, how Poseidon, angered against us because of ourshipe. 
Which bear all comers unscathed to the haven wherein they would 


Wouid smile a galley of ours one day in the misty sea, 
Aa it homeward relumed from some such criano across the deep« 
And a monsiious hill should ο ersHhadow cui towo with its measure- 
less heap. 
So ran the greybeard's talc ; ihc fulfilment i:; on us this day I 
But come now. as I shall command, let all the people obey : 
Refiatn yefroin Ibis home-speeding of wbatNomurtalsihallcome iSo 
To our city, and o9cr tbu Sea-God a chc&en hecaEomb, 
Twelve bulls ; ii so be he will lay hi» ftcrccQesa of anger down. 
And the mountain uplift not its mcasurele» height foe a shroud of 
our town." [nee: 

He spake, and their ftouls vare afraid» and lh«y hasted the ucrt- 
And 50 to Poseidon they prayed, and the altar-anioke "gan rise 
From the midst of Plueacia'» folk, and ber captain» and lorda of 
renown. [dovn. 

And Odysseus the godlike woke where asleep Ihey had laid him 


Hit flDhptfi^ 

hooK xin<^ 

Id the land of his fnihcis he lay» >ct strange ditl tt seem unio liim, 
Who had Intifi dwflt far away ; anrl a rnisl-veirs glamour dim [190 
Did Athcnu around him shod, lliar the hurouii^htsefimttsasrlraii^cr. 
And a limclv woid he said of the Goddess» a warning οί dAngcr, 
Th;il his wifr iiiig]it know him not, nor his friends, noi the citizens, 
Till Ihe hero's hands should have wrought for the suitors a recom- 
So to tiim did aU thing» seejn far other than so as ihe^ were, 
The pathways" far white gleaziii and the havens opening fair. 
And the towering crags and steep, and the woodland's billows of 

green ; [scene,— 

Aad airaighi to his feel did he leap, and he wailed as he stared at itie 
For he knew not his fi*iherUnd, — and he ^mofe upon either thigh 
iu his grief with a passionate hand, and he cried with a bitter cry : 
" Ah iiic, what land is this ? amidst what people am I ? icx} 

Are they Mva^e and rutldesi> men, a jijsike-scomin^' kind. 
Of a ^uestdoving folk, that beareth the fear of the Gods ΐπ mind 7 
Ο where shall 1 store my treasures, and where shall my footEteps 

Ah to have tarried amidst the Ptia?adans far ftway ί 
Thcni to another king, some strong wardord, had 1 come, 
Who had given me kindly welcome. Ana safely had sped me homc^ 
But now do I know noE where I may hide my ireasuics dway ', 
Yet I may not leave ihern here, Jest others should make them a prey- 
Shame on the captains and lords of Ph»acias folk, for in sooih 
Nor wisdom nor justice they know, nor the sacred lips of Inich ! 210 
To an alien land have they tioriie me, who promised over ihe oiain 
To bear me to Ithaca's sun-glow strand — their promise was vain 1 
May the God of the suppliant requite them, Zeus Ailfather, whose 

Comprebendeth all, and who dealeih his vengeance on sfns of men Τ 
Co to, let meeount my possessions, and se« if anghl hath been taken 
By them whose hollow galley hath loft me here forsaken." 

lie spake. and henuml>rTed theuio'cr. the bowls, fair gifts of kings, 
The tripods, the golden store^ and the lovely woven things. 
And there lacked not one to his hand ; but then for his home mourned 

Crecpinn along Ihe strand of the ma ni fold -seel I η π g sea, 220 

With moaning* many aod sore : but Athene drew nigh unto him. 
And the fomi of a youth eho bore, as a chepherd of shc«p did she 

And a^ king'» sons woiit Co be w»s she tender and itweei to behold, 
And a well^w^oven cloak b^re she on her shoulders in fold over fold^ 
And saodaU gleamed on hor bright smooth feet, and a javdin she 

And Odysseus was lain of the sight, find he went to meet hn there ] 
And he lifted his voice, and sped ihe light-winged words, and he said ; 
" Ufiriend, for that thou art the lirst that 1 hap in this place to 6ndi 

BOOK Χ lit 

of Ijomrr- 


AU hail unto the^ : and appfoacb me not willi fin evil mmd ΐ [sjo 
Nay, Sfive ihfsc things and me i lo, 1 put up my pT;iydf unto Ttiee, 
Λβ a map doih pny lo 1 God ; and λ suppliant I bow at i^iy knee. 
Now Answer mc eoothly thi», Co the cad I amy kaow it wcU, — 
Wliat kaij is ihis, Ftnd who be tlje pcuplc iLcrciii Cii^t dwi^U ? 
Is il Ά iaT'Seea i^le, or a of the mnjnJAnd ^horc* 
Whoee deep rich me&ds slope down to the soa- waves' cuasolo&s roar ?" 

Then did Athciii the grey-eyed answci the hcio and say : 
" Witless Ihou art, Ο strauger, οτ comcst ίτοπι far awAy^ 
That ihoLTftskestcf ihUUnd'enaTne: it it not thiiti nameless, I trow, 
Not farnclci^Sf this land whereof fiill many η mtin doth know, (^40 
Even all that dweLI in the Dawn-Und beneath the sun s bright way^ 
And all thai l>e f^r-withtltawn ϊο the west, and the misl-la^d gtcy. 
U U riigf[ed ijnow : no place where the car-borne heroes ride : 
Vet the land is good, hut from sea Linto sea is it nowise wide. 
Antl wealth of corn untold and of wine Ihfieto is given ; 
Nor ever the rain fails there, nor the nourishing dew of heaven ; 
And the goat-kind thrive and the kine increase therein, and there 

AU iiiannet of trees of the wtxiil, and the foantabs stintless flow- 
Stranger» Ithaea's name hath reached to (he Trojan land. 
Though iar away it h*th, they say. from Actiaia's strand." 
So spake she ; and fain of the word was Odysseus the wom with 

toil, 350 

And was nierry in that he heard that this was his fatherlaod-fioU, 
As Pallas Athena said, the child of the Aegis-lord ; 
And he lifted his voice, and sped from his lips the light-viiogcd word ; 
Vet he spake the thing that was noc^ and he liimed it ^n sooihless 

For ever his crafty thous[hl would be ehapini^ him helpful lice ■ 
'* Ithaca — yea, I have heaid of it even in Crete the wide, 
Far overseas ; and now myself have hitherward hied 
With thU wealthy yea and as much ^iith my children doth yet rematc : 
Thence fled I, because that Idomcnctis' welMoved son I had slain — 
Or^ilochus swift of foot, the man that in all wide Ciele 260 

Wasthe best of the sons of the land in the speed of his flymg feet — 
Becanbc he would fain have robbed me of ^ll my Trojan spoil 
That I won with travail of spirit and manifold soieai toil, 
Αϊ whiles 1 battled with heioes, and whiles with the troublous sea, 
Because that I would not stoop me his father's henchman to be 
In the land of Tro^, but waa chief over comrades that followed me. 
A& homeward he hied from tJie field I lay in wait liy the way 
With a comrade, and hurled the spear; and dead on the earth he lay. 
And the pall of the black dark night was drawn over heaven, and 

Saw lis, ami ere he was ware the deed of mine hand was done. 370 
So when I had slain my foe with the brazen spear's tharp stroke, 
i^cawatd I wont, to a etup of thti hau|;hty Phuenician iiHL• 


Ίί^ε Φ^ΜΡΙ* 

BOOK x:il1 

And 1 prayed thcm^ cmd gave tl^em as much at they would of my 

booly -store 
And bade fhem bear me away and land me un Pylo*' uhnre, 
Or in EIls t)ie satiTed, wherein the Epeiart men bvm vwLiy ; 
But in scoth the might of ihe wind ftom that coast dravc them away. 
They meant nol to dieat me, but sordy loth, m their own dcapito 
Thence were Ihey drifted and wandf*red, anJ hiiher we came in the 

night ; 
And into the haven with toil we rowed, and none took heed 
Of supper» sa faml were we, though sole was the lioJy's need ; 380 
But even as we landed, down on the strand did we drop and lie ; 
And swecl &Iecp came on me there, for that all forwearied was 1, 
And all my possessions out of the hollow ship took they» 
And tlicy laid rhem down beside me wliPie on the sands I lay : 
And ihey boarded ihe ship, and 10 Sidon the faSi-buili city departed. 
But !, 1 was Jeft alone, foHom and heavy heart ed," 

Bui a U^ht smilc-tipplc laii o'ct her hpK and hergrey eyes gleamed. 
With her hand she caressed the man ; and lo,asa woman she seemed, 
A£ a woman stately and lair, and in Lovely loom-work skilled ; 
And she lifted her voice, λοΔ there through his hotrt her wingod 

wtirda thrilled: ;*90• 

^' Ο shrewd would ht; be %ηά a crafty knave^ who would outwit iheo 
Jn manifold wdet, though a God fthouid nne«i thee in nvalry ! 
Ο »hififuli Initiate of guUe. it was nol in tiice to reftaia 
Ftom deoeil» not though ihoii waalcometo thy fatlietlind-sotla|iaiD; 
And to part from cheating woids, thme old tried friendfi* art thou 

Come, talk we thus no longer, fot ctmning of heart aie we both, 
Seeing that thou art the best of all ineti on earth th^t be found, 
In weaving ct counsel and word-weH, and I imd tbt; ucd& am 

In wisdom and helpful craft ; but thou, thou didst not know 
Pallas Athen£, the daughter of Zeue, who am woni το go joo 

Ever beside thee in toifand in danger to aid and defend: 
Yea, ΛΓ\ά 'twas I nolo all (be Thd^dans who made thee a ^end. 
Kow too am I hitheiward couke uith intent to weave Vtith (hee 
Λ counscl'Web, and 10 hide the wealth that the folk oi the sea 
Gave Ihcc when homeward thou weotcst» — 'twas I that moved them 

thcieto. — 
And to tell tb^e all the woes that thjrwe-ird mugt bring rhee thrrHigh 
In thy fair-built halU. Thon canst not escape them : be strong to bear. 
But to no one of all, not of men nor of women, do thou declare 
How that back thnu ha^t wandered ; but silently sufTer thv manifold 

pain, [refrain." 310 

And stoop neath the outrage of men^ and a Htllc from vengeance 

And Odysseus the manifold -counselled made ansvFcr to her in turn ; 

"Goiidets, 'lis hard for ihp mortal that meetelh thtc, ihrelodisftern, 

Be be never so wise, for that every shape canst thou take upon thee. 

fiOOK χπι. 

Df ftomcr. 


But this thing well 1 know, that of oict thou wcrt ^acious to me. 
What time the Achates' sons in Tcoy'UncI woDt to fight. 
Btit when we had wasted the city of Pnato, ihd towta Tiigh-pigUl, 
Aad wem in the ^hips, and a God's wroth scattered the wAr-host wide, 
Never thereafter hchdd I the Dnughicr of Zens, nor espicij 
Thee setting foot oti my ship to defend, me from irouhle and haoe : 
Bat, bearing withm me ever λ heart sore smitten with ρΛ\Λ, 5^0 
1 wandered on, till the Gtxis from my evils set me free, 
Till hi the Phu^acianb' goodly land thou earnest Co me 
With words of cheer, and into the city thyadf didst bring- 
But now by thy Sire 1 beseech thee,— for aorcly I doubt this thirtg^ 
That in deed and in truth 1 am come unto far-seen Ithaca.^nay, 
I UJB1 yet in another land ; and f Aeen Uui thnu dosi Kiy 
AU thia bdt to mock me, and cheat my bean with a phantom of 

home, — 
Oh (ell me if I to ibe dear-lo^ed laniJ of my fathers am tome." 

Answeriiig spake unio him the grey-eyed Goddess divine : 
** Ay, even so evtrmoie ts the thoufjbt in that bosom of thine, 330 
Therefore 1 cannot forsake thee, bow burdened soever with iU, 
For that wcrds never fail Ihee uui wit, and tbou holdcitt the watt 

otihy will. 
Now any man else» who had come from wandering, joylully 
Had rushed, the face» of children and wife in his bam to see. 
Dul thou carest not to Vnow nor eaquirc of these, umil 
Of thy wife thou hast made «ure trial : she verily «itteth &xiU 
AloQO in thine lialb, i\nd miocry-haonlod wcarcth away 
In teais and in sitkness of hope deferred her night and her day. 
Now this thing never I iionhied, but held my coTifidence fast. 
That, though ihy compamons were lost, yet thou woutdst return at 

the fast- ^^o 

But against Poseidon, my father's brother, loth was 1 to RghL. 
Against ihee in his beari h^d he laid npa store of rancour and spite, 
Hdag wroth that his well loved son thou didst of sit;hc bereave. 
Go to, I will show ihce thine Ithacan home, that thou mayest 

This is the haven of Phoreys, the Ancient of the Sea ; 
And lo at the head of the haven the spreading olive-tree ; 
And hard thereby is the lovely cave where the cool shadows cHng, 
A sacred haunt of the Nymphs that higbt the Maids of the Spring ; 
And here is the vaulted cavern whereunto thou usedst to come 
And offer the Nymphs full many a perfect hecatomb; 350 

And this is tlie maunlain Neritus. iiiaittlcd with forest gloom," 
So speaking the Goddess dispelled the mist, and the landskip was 

Kighl glad at the thing he beheld was the toil-worn hero, I ween ; 
And he joyed to look on his land, iind In^ kissed the kind earth iheie; 
And lie lifted the suppliant hand, and pot up 10 the Nymphs his 

prayer ; 


'.^t Φ^^Μΐγ 


" Nymphs of the Qvelhspring, ik^nghicTs of Zem, I h,id thonghf till 
Tb*l i never vhauld see yow again ; but now with loving vow [now 
ί hii) you ; yea. &ι\ά your joi^s, na in dnys overpast, will J give. 
If llic PiEygiveitdiLii^htcr of ^icus.of IiCitjiAi^c willgianlmetolivr. 
And fo-^ter my dear-loved son, in Ms father's steps to tread." 360 

An&vvoring hiin the grey-eyeiu Goddess Alhen^ eajd : 
" Be thou of good clieer, lei this in thy jpini trouble lliwj not : 
But straightway now in a clefi far back in the laighly ^rot 
Lei us store thy treasures, «fely there for a whilo to abide : 
Th«n take wc counsel so that the best may heronftcr betide." 

So speaking slic cnEered ihc grot, the vast dim -shadowed cavo ; 
There liidirtg places she sought, and Odysseus bare and cave 
To her hand hi» treast-^res all, gold, braiis with flawlufis gleam, 
And Jovcly-wovcn pall, that the sea-Icings gave unto hitiu 
And thf??«c^licwi^y stored ; and a stone on the cave's mouth laid j^u 
The child of the AegiS'lord, Alheni^ the warriof-msid. 
Then ihcy twain sat Ihcm l>esitie the sacred olive's root, 
And devised how the suitors' pride should bear to Ihcm death for fmit• 
And thus the grey-eyed Goddcins Alhenfi began her rede ; 
"O Zeus and Laertes' seed, Odysseus shiflful al need. 
Think how thou mayst lay thme hands on the shameless suitOTsat IfiAti 
Who have lorded it over thy palace now these three years past. 
And are wooing thy wife, and are fain with their gifts to win her 
But ever het heart is aching sorely for sight of thy face; [grace ; 
And she leadcth on all to hope, and message on message hath sent, 3^0 
Promising this ιώάώ and that; yet other is her intent." 

Made answer 10 her iheinanifoldcounselled Odysseus, stod cried: 
" Lo now I ard in very sooth as the son of Atrcus died, 
So was I like in my palace by evil fate to fall, [me of all. 

Except thou, Goddess, hadst shown tne the truth and hadst warned 
Come, weave me some counsel, whereby to requite them after their 

And stand ihou by me, and dauntless «pint breathe for my needi 
Ai ihou didst when we rent Troy's ghitering hai Yemeni- veil away. 
All wculdst thou :itand by me so. Grey-eyed, in the coming d:iy I 
Vea, Goddess, three hundred men would 1 in battle abide, 390 

If ihou of Ihy grace wouldst aid, in thy might wouldst staad by my 

Unto him made anewer the Codde&5, Athene the gtey eyed spako: 
'^ Yea, I will surely be with thee, of thee ^ood heed will I take. 
What time wes^^thand tri the work , and I wevo that with brain^and 
Shall many a man hespaiier ihy great hall's mighty floor, [gorft 
Many a atiitor, dcvourer of substance not his own. 
Bui DOW will I make thee to be unto all that }<hall see thee unknowti ; 
I will wrinki»* ihcr lieautSful skin Ihat cviap^helh thy limbs alK>ul, 
And destroy thy golden hair from thine head, and cast 6uch a clout 
O'er thy shoulder;^ that whoso bcholdcth shall Loalhc the wtclch that 
doth Acui, 400 


of ^omri:. 


And iho^ ihin• 9tjtA will 1 l>]car thai «rrst were paseing-fatr, 

To make thee appe&r in luaseemly guiee to (he sailors all, 

Vca, to thy wife, and (he son thou didst leave id thy paUcc-hatL 

Bui ih^u, first uo to ibinc heitler of swiao lU^l KbidBEli ufiulJ, 

H\Tidj as in the day^ gone by, untc ihee is loyal-willed^ 

And Ihy son and :hy wife Penelope wise of heart doth he love. 

Thou ^alt Hnd him abiding beside thy swlae, where feedcth the 

By the Raven's Rock and the spnng Arethusa's mossy brink ; 
And (hoy eat the abundant mast, and tho shadow -gJ«>omod water 

they drink, 
Such food as makelh the swine well'tiking and goodly ■ffrown- 410 
There tarry at hand, and inquire, and aL• things so shall be known, 
Till CO Sparta the city oi beautrful wonien myaeU shall have gone, 
To call Tclemachus thence- thy wcli'hcl^>ved son, 
Who hath hied him to wide LacedKiTion to ask after tidings of thee, 
if perchance Menelaus can tell him if anywhere living thou be/' 

Spake unto her mttny-counscllcd Odysseus answering ; 
" Bat rtliereforc didst thou col tell him, who knowei^l trverythiufi ? 
Was Et only to cause him to roam the sail sea's harvestle&s Aoodfi, 
Suffuring toil and pain, while others devour his goods ? " 

Made answer the Goddess to him, and Athen£ the grey-eyed 

spake : ^m 

" Nay, but tbOLi needest not. thou, to disquiet thine heart fcr his sake. 
Thither I brought him myscll', that goodly renown he might win 
Of his journey: no trouble bath be, but Atreides* palace within 
He silieih at quiet, and measureless plenty before him is l^id. 
But his foes with α long black galley are lurking in ambuscade^ 
Thinking to slay him. ere back to bi& fatherland -soil he be come ; 
But I ween it shall not so f^ll, or ever the giavc huld some, 
Even some of the suitors, of them that devour thy gootls in thine 

home-" [ed the mac ; 

When the Goddess bad ended her say, with her wand she touch- 

And the fair smooch skin straightway on his limbs into wrinkles 

ran : 430 

And she ruined the golden glory of hair from his goodly head : 
And the shrivelled skin of a hoary sire o'rr his limbs she spread ; 
And his eyes, so bright erewhile, she bleated, that their beauty 

was hid ; 
And the clout rnost loathly -vile of a tunic upon him sbe did, 
Filthy, a tattered tag. and with smoke "λΙΙ grimy to view : 
And the great b:(re hide of a stag flt^et-fooied about him she threw : 
And a staff for his steps she lent, und a w:illct, a thing forlorn, 
Foul, and with many a lent. by a twisted cord upborne. 

So counselled, so parted the twain ; and now is Athena gone 
Unto Spartn» the holy plain, to find Odysseua' »on. 440 


t)Q^ Φΐιρδ0ΐΐΐ]ϊ tEitricD In ttf tiur ot r(»f tnoinelirni. 

BUT he from the haven went, where ihc rugged pathway led 
Over the woody l:«nt, unto wher« Athene ϊϊλΛ sitid 
ThQ £wioe-drov«fi wont to feed wittt the godlike mou, who best 
To the goods of his lord cave becd of the thialls that UdysKua 
posse^^ed. [wdJl, 

By the house-front sitting he found him, there where the courly^U'd 
In a piace with a dear view rouud about, tvas buiided I;lU, 
Massy ajid £^r to behold : it was rcaicd by the swbuhetd s band, 
The &wine thereiD to foldi while his kiny wa« afar from his land^ 
The qLjoen knew ποτ, neither old Laertes, the hero-sire. 
How he built it with hugo ;itoQe5 roLIcdi and watUcd the gaps witti 
briar; lo 

And he plunted a pali^de thereal>oiit, on the right and the left, 
Stakes many aod close -arrayed, dark heart of the onktrunk cleft. 
And within ihc guarded ^pace there were awbe-pcnii two and teUt 
The swirie-kiod's resliag'pliice, tlose-seT, arid iri tvrry pen 
Were I'lfty ooitcher^ en earth pent, breedtng swine were they ϊ 
But without the wati of the garth the boars through the night-tide 

Far fewer by taJe were these, for the suitars inhiish»! them ^liU, 
Reddessly feasting ii eaee, and the swineherd bent το their will, 
That he brought them the goodliest each day of the boars huge-fed. 
So that much was Loasuined ; yet the rest were three hundied ami 

Ihrec'^fire head. {that slept, 

And. for nightloncj guards of the fold, ihere were hounds thereby 
Fierce, gaunt, like beasts of the wold, which the awinehc^d-taptnin 

And be from the hide of a steer was shaping him sandals then. 
At the hero drew anear ; tiut ail the rest of the men 
This way and that way Itad liied, as Ihe herded snine-kinu went. 
Even three, nnd one beside to the town hnd the swineherd seot, 
Thither to drive the l>eaflte perforce for the soiCorf proud. 

BOOK xrv. 

^it ©Opfffiffp uf ^omrr. 


To be slain for Ihe tioious feasts fif the overweertttig crrrwrf. 
ΛΙΙ irL α moment the Siounds ixw Odys&eiis^ and on h\m they ran 
D>(ikin^, with furious bounds ; b^t ()ic i^bJft -devising man 30 

ΓτοΓΤ his ti^nd the staff let fall, and he ss.t an the ground Mrnighl- 

By his own farm garth and stall had he shnmefnlly fared that djiy, 
But the «wiDchfrrd suddenly spied, and with hurrying feel itpslaned : 
Suaighc dropped from his hatid ihe hide as out through the pot^h- 

way hs dartdd; 
And he shouted in master-lone, and the scattering hounds fled away. 
As he diave ihem with stone upon stone; and then to the king did 

he say : 
^* Father, α little more, and the bandogs suddenly [on rne. 

Had rent thee, and then hadst tbou poured the reproach thcf cof up' 
Yet it needs not : the Gods have beeped utf. a measure of anguish 

and moan ; 
For aye for a godlike king am ί sitting in grief and groan ; 
And J feed the goodly boors of his nock for otbeis to eat ; 
And he the while, i ween, is pining far lark of meat, 
As mid folk and town of as alien land he must wearily stray, 
If indeed be yet be alive, and behold the light of the day. 
Bvit come, to the hut let us go, old siip, that thou too tbcte 
Mayest tli thy soul with the wine and the n^eat cf the shepherd's 

tare, felare." 

And whence thou art come mayest tell, and all thy troubles de- 
Inlo the hut as he spake the godlike swineherd led ; [spread : 
And α bruahwood pile did he take, and a geat for his guefit ha 
And be laid to cover the heap a wild goat^s shaggy fell, 50 

Broad, thick, whereon to sleep^ and il liketi Odysseus well, 
That welcome given to :i guest : aiid even with the thought hit said : 
■■ Strarj^'er, may Zeus» and the reet of the deathless dwellers in 

Grant tht^e thy ileares! wi§h for thy welrotne kindly given.'* 

And Ihoii, Eumieus, the swtneberd, maJesI reply to the king: 
*^ Though α viler than thou came, stran^ert that were an impious 

To scorn the stranger, seeing the poor and the stracgerE all 
Are sont of Zeus: and the (^ift that we give, what though it be 

Is blessed and welcome : little in sootb to bestow balh the thrall ; 
For ever he fttandeih in fear over whom young lords hear sway. 60 
Ah, but the God& ha^^o taken from him bia homecomiiif; day. 
Who bad shewed me kindne^s, ) wrcu« and had given me substance 

Such ad a kindly king is wont on his IhraU to bestow, 
A home and a parcel of j^round, and a dear-loved wife loni^ sought» 
When the Gods have bk^aed Uia l•L•illd■I, and th« tiue workbuu^tly 



tlEtif ©Irpwrp 


As prospeieth Ihis my toiU to the which evermore f give heed. 
If my kmg were but here gfowing old, he would give mc my la- 
bour's nieed. [then 
He hath perishc^d — aod that abasement And de&th had come ere 
To the house of Helen, who Inoughr low hosls of valuut men Τ 
For he too went overseas xx King Agaraemnon's need, 70 
To fight with the Trojtm folk in the land ol the batllc-slceil." 
Swift he upgachered and tied his tunic abouL• with his belt ; 
And forth to the pens hafh he hied where the folk of the sw^ine- 

kind dwelt : [&l«w: 

Thence hath he chosen him twain, and he brought Ihem forth and 
He hath singed ihem aiiii c:arvad, and hath ta'cn the spits And 

thruti them through : 
And hu roasted it atJ, and bare on the spits, 3s hiESin^ it glowed, 
To the hero the savoury fate, and meal thereover he slrowed i 
And ihe honey -sweet wine he poured, and minified in ivy howl; 
And facini^ his i^ueat -λΙ the bo:kTd he s{}:iket Co che^ htf soul : 
*■ Eat now» U stranRct, of this, for such is the fare of the thrall ; 80 
Bui the flish of tho boars must go lo ihe suitors* banqueting-liall. 
Who regard not the wrath of The Gods, and of pity they lake DO 

heed : 
Yet I wccn arc the blessed Gods no lovers of lawless greed ; [^deed- 
iJut they have rc&pect unto jusfii^e, ihey hoactir the nghlful 
Yea, even the wild sea-rovers, the foes of inim, that Hue 
On the eubetanco of other folk, and tho spoil that Zeus doth give,— 
As they speed Ihe laden galleys ovts the sea-ridges home. 
Some shadow of hauniiiig dread dolh over their fierce heart* come- 
But these meo— enrely they know, yea, the God^ have sent them a 

Of his woeful end. for ihey lawlessly woo the wife of tny loid, 90 
Refusing to g[«t them gone, and they revel in riotoLis ease. 
And as tyrants spoil bis goods, nor heed nor sbanie havu thsse- 
For, ever &% pa&a the djiys of Zeus, and the nights wear on, 
They are slaughtering bi-asts, and il is not one, neither two alone ; 
And they pour otJt the wine, and Chey wagte it with insoletice 

Ahj great was his substance aforetimen the sutu thereof untold I 
There he none of the heroes, none on Ehf> hlack-loamed mainland- 

So rich, nor in Ithaca's self: thongh there came together a score, 
Were the wealth of Ihem all as his ; lo, now will 1 tell it thee o'er : 
Twelve herds on the mainlatid he hath, and as many tiocks of 

sheep, 100 

And of forest- ranging swine, «nd of goats that tread the ateep : 
He hath hirelings and herdmen-fotk of his own lo tend them and 

Atia eleven goat-Bocks tn the uttermost part of the island feed, 
And over them trusty men keep watch and ward with bccd. 


of ^omrr. 


And of theM each tak«ih a futied goat, and day aft«r day 

Tho best of all Ibo flock to the suitors &re led away, 

Yea. ΛΜ\} iiiOiCQvcr ihv awiiic iL^l ibou stiest I g^uarU 4iid tcud; 

And th^ hf^T of the herd must 1 choose viiih bead» and thitherward 

And Odysacud fcaMing heard, but he stiDled Dot for the tdo. 
And he dTaok. and he spake not a wurd : buL he plotted thr: suitors* 

bale, 110 

BkJt when he had supped, and big soul of the food gat etrcngt honing, 
FiiliDg hJ5 drinkui^-Eiovvl, the swineherd gave to tbc king ; 
And the btibhle* gleamrd Λΐ the brim i ΐο he drank, and his heflTt 

grew lighE. 
Then spake the hero to him. and sped the win£:ed word-ilight : 
" Now (ell me who t& thy loid, ctud the name whereby thc^ call 
The mighty man of wrialth who bonghl :hee, friend, for his thrall. 
For Κίπβ Agamemnon's honour he died,— so ran tliy word ? [lord. 
Tell iiic: perchance it may hap I have known such a man Aa thy 
For Zeus AHiatlicr. 1 ween, aiid the rest of ihe Deathless know 
If AUght 1 can tell of ih? man, for far have 1 roved to and fro." Τΐο 

AnswQrcd and spake the swine herd -captain, lord ct the herd i 
" Old man. no wariderlng wight that cometh and bringeth word 
Of him. shall his wife lieheve, nor his well-belovM son. 
But with empty lies on their tongues come vagrants many a onn ; 
They reck not, they, of the truth, but they crave to feast of our 

And every vagabond knstve thai conieth to tthaea'g £hore 
Forthwith to my lady hies him away, and babbles deceit ; 
And ^he wckometh kindly, and biddeth the iiar ocw lies repeat. 
And the tenr^ from ber eyelids fall, as she mourns through the 

sorrowful day, 
As women are wont, when husbands perish far awQy. iy> 

Thou, too, old man, 1 fear me> woLildst fashion a t.ile as the rest. 
If one would reward rhy slory with ^lerdon of mantle or vest. 
Ah no, but ihe dogs have torn him, the birds have come to the 

And have rent his shin from his bones, for his spirit hath fled away, 
Or nsh in the sea have devoured him : his naked bones on th^ 

Arc Lying forlorn, enwrapped in a winding-sheet of sand. 
Hn is lost -. and of troubles be leavetb a heritage dreary behind, 
Unto all his fnends, and most unto me, for 1 never tGhall and. 
Whithersoever 1 go, another king so kind ; (morci Γ40 

Not though to the house of my father and mother 1 turned once 
The home wher£ first 1 breathed and was nursed in the days of yore. 
1 mouin not them so much, though I long with yearning sore 
To behold them again with mine eyes, and the home on a lar-Away 

shore : 
But πιϊη<ΐ h«ari with desire for Udysseus the lost ift nigh to break. 


1Ι!)Γ sJPtipiiiffp 

HOOK xrv- 

Ah siranger, he is net here^ yet bis name with nwe do f speaJc. 
t'or ho loved me wdt, and he cared with a kindly heart for mo: 
Ad(1 ever I Lal] hifii my lofd ahJ itiy love, Afar though he be<" 

Then unto him made answer Odysseus ihe troubled' tried : 
** Friend, thou art sure, good sooth, and will hear of n-aiight beside, 
Bui that never will he rcti^rn, and thy spirit will nowise believe. 150 
Yel Ms will \ not say Ughtly» an oath iheieto will I give, 
Thftt Odysseus shall surety return ; ftnd be this my tidings' meed : 
In the sGlfsanio hour that he comeLb ft^-ain to his home mdeed, 
ThoD do on QIC beautiful raimcnC, a mantle and tunic^veM ; 
Till iheu wiU Ϊ noi receive thetnj alLiett of need h^trd< pressed. 
For hateful lo me U he !ts the very gMes οί the grave^ 
Who. cowed by poverty, fieclh to liea, the shield of the slave. 
Bear WLine&s Zeus, above all the GoJb, Afid the gucst-fam board. 
And the hearth whereunto I am come of Odysseus thy princely lord, 
Tha.t surely in all these thinj^s shall the triith of my words be showa- 
In this year» even in ihts, shall Odysseus come to his own ; fi6o 
As ttie oE;e miDou waueth away and the next inc>oo cometh on. [tJone 
He shall iOmeto his halls with a recompense stem for all thai have 
Dishonour here to his wile, and his galknt glorious ϋοη/^ 

Thcai unto him did Eum^us the swinchefd answering' say ; 
^*01d man, 5oorh never sh^lt 1 such good-netvs'guerdciin pay, (caso. 
And Odysseus «ball never come home : but diink thou on at thlnd 
And commane we of other things, but make no mention of those. 
Foi keen as a stab tu the heart iu ruy liosom cameth the word, 
Whcnsoft'er one nameth Ihe lost, Odysseus my dear-loved lord, τ 70 
Nay, we will none of thine oaths, — yet Ο might my king come agaia» 
That the Queen and I might look on the day for the which we aro 
AtjiJ Laertes ihe old and ihe godlike Telemachusjoy thereat Τ [fain^ 
But tinceasinffly now do I mourn for the son that Odysseus begat, 
Telemachus : him did the Gods rear up for λ goodly plant ; 
And 1 deemed thai amid&t the heroes nothing the son should want 
Of the rniffht of his welMoved sire, of his grace and hisgoodlihead; 
But now bath one of the Deathless his soul for his ruin mUled, 
Or bfilike some man ; he is gone unto Pylos* sacred strand 
For news of his sire ; and now do the aTrogant suitor-band iSo 

Lie in v^k for his home-coming feel, with intent that Arkeisius' race 
May utterly fail, and his name may in Ithcca hnd no place. 
But speak wc of him no more : it may be fhej will lake the prey, 
Or Krojiion will stretch cut his hand for hisshieldin the perilous day- 
But thou, old man. speak now ol thyself, and thy troubles tell, 
And answer Ihe truth unto me, to the end I may know it well ; 
Who ait thoui and whence aniung men ? thy city and parentsdeclaic. 
In what manner of idiip didst thou come, and how did the sbipmen 

Tb*« unto Ithaca's ahore ? What land do they boast for their own? 
— For t duubl thoLi liasl scjiitely <xime hilherward faring 00 fool 
aod atoDfl." 190 


of ϊ)οι«η". 


Unlohim made answer Odysseus ilic foil of devices, and spake i 
"Touching «11 thc^c t^ings iinloihefi an answer of truth will 1 make> 
Hftd we but cow Dood stoTe of meat for many a day, 
And of wiac, and fiere in the hut might while the hours away. 
Feasting at qaicl» while others should Coil and our burdcu bear, 
1 would ihen^ay easily — tell thee my la!e through the livelong 
Nor ther should 1 make an and oi the siory of irisery, [year ; 

The sum of the toil and the trouble the Gods have mcicd to iiiie. 

I conic of the race of :he dwellers in Crete's f^r lauJ and wide, 
The son of a mighty man of wtalih ; and many beside 30o 

Talt ^ns in bis house had he, thciC were born and nursed to him 
True sons oi a lawful wife ; but me did a boLight alave bare [there. 
Unto Kastor Hylax' srni : yet \ Imiisi myself of his race, 
For slil! with his Irue-bom sons he gave me an honoured place. 
While be as a God wsks revoied by the folk of the Cteliui Und, 
For tile bibs of hU days and his wealth, and his sona, a glorious 

But it fdl on a day that the Fates, the dread death-dealing ones, 
him awny unto Hades' hall^i find his proud-soulcd sons 
t lots Aud divided hU livinij : fur cm, the son of the «Javc^ 

ttle enow was there left» una naught but a dwelling they gave- 
Yet in pioc«8s of lime did i win me a bnde of wealthy men : (aio 
MysoU by my manhood I woo hor. — I was not a weakling then ; 
No tiAlt1e>b)encher was 1 1 — now all is past long ago : [know. 

Nalhless, I ween, by the ilubble the harvest's wealth shalt thou 
Broken 1 am and waited by troubles manifold — 
Ah• but the War-god of yore and Athena made me bold 
With hero-quellSng spirit \ What time for the ambush t chose 
Mightiest men, devising mischief af;ainst my toes. 
Never my manful spirit looked on unto death in fear ΐ [flao 

Bui f^r abeud of the rest would I bouird. and 1 tiut'ncbcd my spear 
In blood ; nor availed swift feet when the foes' array 'gan yield. 
Even such in the battle woi I, but I lovod not todrndgetn thelield, 
Nor to rear me goodly'sons by lame housO'husbandry» 
Bui ever the tossing oaTS of the galley were dear unlo mc, 
And the dash of the onset» the leap of the Unce. stna ibo arrow's 
flight, (fiifngbt ; 

Things bitter and stern, at the which Ih^te be that ςuaLl with 
But in me 1 ween some God the desire for these begat ; 
For one man taketh his joy in this, and another in that. 
And, or ever the sons of Acbaia to TroyUnd saiTcd to the war, 
Nine times I led forth warriors and swift 'tracking galleys afir sjo 
In foray on alien folk, and of booty we won grent store, 
Whereof 1 chose as 1 craved, and by lot there fell to me more ; 
And fast did my house wax great, and myself a terror b«came; 
And through all ibe Cretan land with awe men spokft my name. 
But at l-ist. whfUi wide-seeing Zeus did the baleful war-path plan, 
'Ihat looeed in death the knees of many nnd many a manr 

Φ(ϊί Φϊϊ^ίϊΓΡ 


Theo did they call upon nie aud Idonieneus high-teoowned 
Tc lead their gAlt^ys to Troy^ and no escape was foxind ; 
Since for two to withstand thcjr eiigcf ciamout was all too hard» 
So there for nine long years the sons of Achaia warred- 240 

In the tenth we dcstmyed the cityol Priam, anc] over Ihe tide 
Sped homeward 'bound ; but \ God dispersed the Achfans wide. 
Bui for wretched mc did the wisdom of Zeus fresh oviU devise : 
For It was but a month that 1 tarried and tc^tfully gladdened mine 

eyes [iiig άυάϊΙ, 

With my children and wife and po£sessi<n3s : And then would noth- 
But 1 needs must forth on the sea, and for Egypt be spreading the 

So I »nd my godliUe coinrjdes made ready the «hips with heed : 
NiDe galteye we riffled for the raid» and the war-fclk gathered mth 

Thereafter for six days' spAa did my slout war-fellows fea&t ; 
And day by day did 1 bring full many a gt^ll-fed b&asl ^50 

To feed the nliar-fires and the banquet- fhoor to provide : [wide ϊ 
On the seventh day wtal we aboard, and we sailed (loia Crete-land 
And the fresh Nnrth-wind blew isir. and merrily swept n^ on 
Smoothly, as down a sireani, and of all Ttiy (.hips not one 
Gat harn^, but all vin»:alhed and unvcxt-d sat we at our cAftc : 
And the shipa wete unswervingly sped by the hehudLnao's hand 

and Ihe brecie. 
On the filth day came wo lo whetc fair Ec^'pt's rjver Bowed ; 
And there in the broad stream's mouth our shapely ealicys rode- 
And now did 1 i^^raitly command my comrades true and tried [360 
To ?uard the galleys from nnschief, and still by the koeU to Abidt; 
Ana I hasted the tiat of the watchmen, to look from cliff and bill. 
But Ehe crews would not be conUolled, and they fallowed their own 

wild will Ϊ 
And in haste on the fair-tdied tields of E^rypt'fi folk fell they, 
And (hey wasted the land, and they look their women and babes 

fur a prey, [was borne. 

And they sbughtered the men ; And ewifl lo the city the ctamour 
So the townsfolk hearing Ihc outcry came with the breaking of 

And now did Ihe footmen and battle-cars the whale plain cover 
With lightning -gleam of brasa; and Zeus the thunder lover 
Cast into the hearts of my men foul ponic^ till none would abide 
To withstand Ihc charge of their fuci, for bale was on cveiy side. 
So there in the ront with the sharp brass many of us they slew, [370 
And they led off others alive, the bondslave's work to do. 
But into mine hcarl a de\'ice for my life did Zeus' 6clf sciid. — 
But Π lo have perished in Egypt, and there to have come to mine 
For floods of sorrow and pain were over me yet to pass ; — [end 1 
1 straightway put off from mine head the well-wrought morion of 


BOOK xrv. 

of ^omrv. 


And tlio shield from my ehoLildorSr ^nd cast from my hand the bfxit- 

less 8pear ; 
Artd Ihen lo the bnTtl^<:ir of the king I drew ^inenr, [wrAth ; 

And I d^iaped and kissed his kn^es, snd m rulh he reined his 
Axio weeping ( sat on the car ae it rollcii on the homcwaid path* 
While the war-waves Uuslctl ou tbe cliaiiot, and ιο&&ι:0 the surge 

of Che lances, 
A« Ihe wrathful wnmoTs howled for my lifo withirurdoroasjrrBncee. 
But he sftved mc, because Lhfit the wrath of CuesC'Ward Zeits he 

feared. [heaid. 

Whose anger is hot when tha ery of the sappliant wroni^ed is 
Id their land seven years I reiTLaiiiedi and I ^Ihered abiirdantly 
Of ihe wealth of ihc folk of Egypu f«i" all brought gifts imlo me. 
But il fell, when the ei^ihlh year came, as the shifting reasons rolled. 
That there fared a Fhcenician chttherr a man deceitful sonled, 
A i^riping knave, whose lies hid undone full many hcforc- 
]iy hi& craft did he overper^u^de me lo sail in Phi^nicia'^i shore, 390 
To the land wherein his house and bts wealth ill-fiolten lay. 
There did I tarry with him (ill a fitlJ year pjissed away- 
Dat at last, when ihe months and the days were aecompUBhed in 

miasure due» 
And the new year came, and the round of the seasons began anew. 
So he wrought» that 1 laid in his ship my wealth of merchandise : 
And he drew me aboard, uuto Libya bound, by his counsel uf he» ; 
For he purposed to sell me there for a goodly price, for a slave, 
And perforce I went in his keel, thouf*h somewhat my heart mis- 
gave, j breath 
And the ship ran orer the waves with the fair fresh North-wmd'a 
Past Crete s mid constr^-but Zetis was foredooming the traltoi^t 

death. 300 

Now a> soon as the offing was gained, and under the dim flCfl-liDe 
Sunk w^s ihe i^le, αώΔ remainr^d nutighl else but the sky and (lie 
Then did Kronion brine a kind cloud overhead, [brine. 

And a K^oom from its snudowins wmg was over the waters spread. 
And with rollint: and urashing of thunder the lightmng of Zeus was 

hurled ; [whirled. 

And the ship's whole lanpith thereunder shivered, and round she 
Pilled mth a sulphurous steam, and the ciew from her decks were 

flung : [were swung 

Like ihe white sea-mews did they seem, as they hither and thiiher 
Round the ship mid the foam and the swell, till the faces, a moment 

tost, (was lost. 310 

Sank, weighted with vengeance, to hell, and the hope of their home 
But even as the anguish of death o'er my fainting spirit passed, 
Atlfathcr gave Co mine hands the strong unbroken mast 
Of the dark-pcowed ship^ to the eat] that from banc 1 yel nut^dit Jlee. 
And Ϊ cl;tspcd it around, and the nercf winda swept me over the sea. 
Nine days long did 1 drift : on the tenth to the Thesprot land 


if It^^^tf 


Was i bropphl in the sisriess ntf^ht, ai Ihe vast iwel) rollnl to the 

And th€ hero Pheidon their king received me with open hand : 
For his dear vtn cumc upon mti on tlie ^iliore as 1 |j*y half dead, 
Tcil-spcni in the chill of the dawa ; and home to the palace he led, 
Having lihcd mc up by tbc baod) till wo camo \a hi^ lather's hall ΐ 
Aud a m;iotlu aaU tuaic he ^ve tnc, to cluthc myself withoJ* [320 
Thrrre cf Odysseus I heard : for often the king wuntd say [way : 
How he Kave guest- welcome to him a» htt far^d on his homeward 
And he showed meaU Ihe wealth that thither Odys^^us bad hrouj^ht, 
The brdiu and ihe gold, and the liun in manifuU fasbion wrougut. 
Good sooih, to ihe Tenih yfener^tiion his house might live thereon : 
So hu^'e wus the treasure heap that within the king'£ balls «hone. 
But OdyaseuH, ha said, to Dodonu was lionc, to hoar the behest 
Of ZcLis from the oak diviuif, the dwrk trtw Tofly-ltessed, 
Whether openly lie thoiiUI come unio ittiaca's froilful if-le, 350 

Or in secret, for now h:id hr wandered thence for a weary while. 
And he swoic unto me. a* in ball Ihc wiau of Ubatioo he poufedj 
TLat [he gi^lli^y was launched, »nd the shipmen ready to go alxiard 
To speed bim over the sens to his own doar fatherland. 
But he sent η\ΰ away before ; for a ship by Tiit^^prot^ manned 
For Dulichiujn'^laud wht-at'We^Uhy wa^spieadini; hei wov«u wing: 
Wherefore he liade theiii hear mn safe to AkRStns the king. [fain, 
But of treacherous counsel concorninfi: me were Ihetr ΕαΙϊΦ hoftTtB 
To the end that 1 still mi^ht dwell in tDo ntidat of sorrow and pain. 
So, as soon as the sea^farmg galley was far from the landon the sea, 
Forthwith "gan they to coritriue the day of bondage for nne. [3+0 
They stripped off my nianCtc and tunic, the raiment bestowed by the 
And about me iuatcAd uf Uieac a wretched lag did they Πίθ]ΐ, [Wg. 
Even this ihnt thou seest with Ihineey^s,, ih^s lunlr tnttered and vilp. 
And at eventide they came unto Ithaca's far-seen tal«- [ttiey tied 
And the capti^^e beneath the thwarts of the well-bencbed i^alley 
Straitly, wiili ropes strong^Iwisted; and down Γτοηι tbc tjlack ships 

In haste they sprang, nnd they supped alonfi the strand of the so&p 
But the Gods themselves bcnl bjick the bonds that fcttcied me 
Full easily ; then did I shroud m'lnr. hfΛά in the tariered veit. 350 
Down the polished rudder I &lid, and softly I tank to the breast 
In the sea ; thereafter 1 swam outspreading the oars of mine hands : 
And out of thdr reach full aoon in the gloumiu^ 1 trod the sands. 
Then went 1 up unto where a thick copse covered the ground ; 
And J crouched and lay, and listened the while they prowled around 
Groaning and grudging : howbeit they counted it laoour in vain 
Longer to tarry and search ; so they turned them backward again, 
And boarded the hollow ship ; but the v€ty Gods on high 
Easily hid tnc, aod guided ; and now have they brought me nigh 
To the wise uiau's homestead, seeing not yet is my weird to die/' 360 
Then ihon, Humseus the swineherd, to htm gav'st baclf the word : 


Qt tjomii. 


'*Λ1ι stranger fodom^miQclicArt in my brcAst bftsUlitMivuilyfltimd 

With the telling of iU these ihings, ihy woeisaad thy wand^ng. 
Y«1 this thou hast fipokec is n&Light : Γ «hall never believe thi« thirig 
Concerning Odysseus:— what aiieth ihcc, thus wild lies to Icll, 
And thou ia sndi plight as thou an ? K^y, sufcly 1 know too vft\l 
Thf» (ale of my king's fetiitn, and the high Gods' hilicr ^ite, 
Because that in Troyland they cculd not bring him to doath in the 

Nor to die in the arms uf his fiic^cds, with his warfare- weaving ended. 
Then hnd Achaii done honoiiT iohimwithdeath-rites splendid: 370 
Vca, he had wan hi^h iame for bis son for the unbom day. 
Dul now without tidiags or trace have the Slornifteads snatched 

him away ί 
But aloof I dwell with the swine, and J go not unto the town, 
Save when I'enelopi passing-wise doth iummon mc down, 
When tidings have tome unto her of her ycaniing heart's desire ; 
And I see iherTi silting aionnd, and of this ;ind of that they ini^uire, 
Both (hey whose hearts for their king long ioat are weary and sstd. 
And they tbatn devouring• his living «.'rtiiout requital, be glad. 
But for me, to seek anil to askk huth my very heart ahhoircd, 
Sinc^ the day an Aetollan cheated mine hope with a lyin;; word» 3S0 
Who bad murdered a man. and hod tied far lonn^ing o'er many a 

landt [hand. 

Till he came 10 mine hut, and I welromed him Freely with open 
He said he had seen him in Crete with Itlomeneus, there repairing 
His galleys, which stormy winds had nhaUc^rcd in wild sea-faring. 
With the sarntner, he said, or the autumn-tide would Odysseus 

With his godlike comrades, and bringing a ini^hly treasure honM. 
And thou, Ο grief-laden eldert whom hilhcr ii Gud Lath led. 
Deem not ibaL with lies 1 shall count uie rewatd^d or comforted ; 
For [ shall not reverence ibee, nor love theo for dealing so- 
Tbis do J for awe of the Gucst-ward ZoLia, and for mtb of thy 

woe," 390 

Answering spake 0[|>'sseu% the πτβ π ifold -co unveiled chief : 
'* Ο but the fteart in iby breast is verily stow of belief, 
Scdng that not by an oath can 1 bring ihcc to trust in mc ! 
But make we a covenant nowj and Ihcfcof let the witnesses be 
The Godii in Olympus that dwell, ic judge between us twain. 
If so it befall that thy king return to hie pfLlace again, 
Then clothe mc in mantle and tunic, and help mc forth, to depart 
Overseas 10 Duhchium's land, the goal of desite to my heart. 
But and if thy king come not e« 1 say, and the new hope die, 
Sot on me Che IbrallE, and drag to a cliff, and hurl from on highi 
That every beggar thereafter njay fear to ilattcr and lie." [400 

Answered and spake unto him the godlike warder of swine ; 
■■ Ay stranger, and so should glory and f;iir good luck be mine 
Among all menfolk, both now, and withal in the daya to be. 


^bt flDOjfftfrs 


Seeing thus ίο mine hul I have leJ lliec, and eiven piesl -cheer un- 
Η then 1 should miiidcr ihee, atid lake thy life away. [to theCp 

Hopefully, irustliiUy ihen unlo Kronos" son shtjuld I pray I 
But ii&w is the hoin of supper : even now should iny males be here 
In Ihe h«[ for ihe cvenluk, to piepare them almndanl clicer," 

Thus in the hul they two communed with earnest words ; 410 
And anigh them the swme now drew, and the men that tcaided the 

heids : 
And they drove them into the dose^ to sleep Jti their wonted wise ; 
And loud the damour arose Erom Ihe swine as they thronged the 

And then lo his re}h>w-thra.lU did the godlibf^ swinc-hitrd say ; 
" Bring hiiber the best of the boars : for the g^iest from far away 
Will I siny it ; we too will have pleasure thereof» who day by day 
Weary and toil with pain, in tending the white-tusked beasts. 
While strangers devour odr labour in unbought rohlier'feisrs/' 
With the brown bilJ then he wrought, and the keen edge cleft 

the wood : 
And a boat hb fellows brought of five years, tctuler «nd good* 420 
By the side of the hearth he set it : nor tiow dW the swineherd 

The Deathless Ores forget, for the thoughts of his heart w^rc ri^t* 
But the for clock 'bristles he shore, and he cast un the nie the h^ii 
From the head of the whitetuaked boar, and put op to tboGodt 

his prayer 
For the honie-reliirninK day of Odysseus the wise of heart ; 
Thereafter the beast did he slay with an oak-billet cloven aparC- 
And the life Aed awety ; and the hide they singed, when the throat 

they had cut. (herd put 

And the caroise ihey catve and divide, and the flesh do^h the swine;- 
From the limbs on every side on the rich white fat of the Unite. 
And he burnt it for s^cntice : thereover the meal doth he strew : 430 
Then the rest InEo pieces Ibey iMiie, and they run tbe long &pitn 

through : [drew. 

And they roasted in heedfid wise *11 this» and the roast they witb- 
Acd on chargers they piled the wbclc of the flesh, and to carve and 

tv share 
The swineherd arose, for his soul gave heed to the just and the fair. 
And he parted in portions seven th« roast that boforo him was piled ^ 
And one 10 the Nymphs hath he given, and Hermes Maia's child. 
With u prayer thereto, and the rest hath he shared to the tenders 

of swine ; 
But be gave to Odysseus the best, Ibo loni; un^vered chine 
Of Lhe bea^t, and he caused to rejoice the soul of his king and loril ; 
.^nd Odysseus lifted his voice, and the wise-heart spake tbe word: 
" Maye^t thou, Euma?us, to Zeus Allfather be even as dear [440 
As to me. who hast honoured my low estate with abundant cheer." 
And thou, Eumasas tlie swrn^erd, Lo hiru didst make reply : 


Of Oomrn 


** Nay, «=il, ^ood fellow, with joy of the things on the bOAtU that 

lie* [baud. 

While ihog tjiayesl ; for now God givclh, and now wirhhcldeth his 
Even as se^meih him good, and none may his work w;thfitand-'' 

Then the sacrihce-sinolte rose up to the Gods thRt forever abide: 
And the fldme-flushed drops he poured : md the city<wA5ter, his 
Received at his hands the cup, as he sat liis portion beside. [lord, 
And thft bread Mesuulivis brouphl unioeach: him once on ^iday 4^ 
For a thrall had Hυm:L•^s bought, when hia king was far away. 
To the Qaecn was the thiog not kaowD, nor Laertes the andcnt 

knew: [crew. 

But he Rat him for weftllh of his own at the hands of a Taphian 
So they put forth their hand» for to cat of the meits on the board 

I hat ky- 
But when the desire of meat uid of drink was cl&an done away, 
The bread Mesaulius bare from the board; and satisfied 
With the goodJy eveninii'faic, iuii fiLin to ibdr rest had tliey hied. 

Htil the moonless dark drew on : all Tiight the rain-fioods poured, 
The while froin the death of the sitti the Wesl-wind mtghlily roared. 
Then spake Odysseus, to test the swmchcrd's heart by the aeed* 460 
If Ids cloak he would doff fur the guest whom be tcmded wiih such 

good b*ed. [need : 

Or would speak unto one of the rest to yield up his own for his 
" Hearken to mei Euin^eus, and meny gompantons all ; 
1 will make my petition ; for mad wiae now on my liipirir doth call, — 
The wine, that causeth the son^ to break frorn the wise man's lip, 
And makcth him icndly laugh, and sctteth his feet to skip, 
And hath thrust to the tet-tb' fence- a wuid ihrtt were belter un- 

spokenj I wot. 
Nevertheless, since L uttered my voice, 1 will hide it not. 
Ah for ihe^trengtii Ihal was n^ine, and the youth, und the lufttiheadt 
In iJic day when forth unto Troy for theambusli the bejoes we led 1 
Twas Odvsseufi and Atrens' son Menelnns ihaC led the biind, [470 
And myself the third with these, for so did themselves command. 
So when we were come Co the town aod the dark wall's twiJight 

Mid the brushwood copses about the city we cast us down. 
Mid the tanj-lc of reeds in the marsh we lay in our battlo-^ar; 
Aud ihe dsfkneGE deepened, the freezing nonh^wind whisiled drear ; 
(\ηΛ the snow fell fast like rime, and froie as ir touched the» ground, 
And ja^^ed fringes of ice were glistening the shield-rims round. 
Now all the others were clad \r\ mantle and tunic -vest. 
And. with shields oveilapping their shoulders, at ease were they 

taking their rest, 480 

But my cloak by the ships had 1 left with my friends in my heed' 

Icssness, [cold's keen Stress ; 

Pot ! deemed that the nighl would be warm, nor looked for the 
So I came with only my shield and my girdle glittering-gay. 

Hit Φϊ?0«^ 


When thc] ihiitl watch conio, and Che stars w&rc treodiah' >hc tiowH' 

going way. 
Then at last I sptikv to 0iJy*4eiis, for aigh nnto me he liy t 
With my elbow 1 touched him, aud Etraighlvray he h^rkuiad with 

diligent heed ; 
* Ο Zeus and Laeites" son, Odysseus shiftfu} at need. 
No more shftll I l>e oi the living ; 1 die with the wintry chill ; 
For 1 b^vo iiot my manllo: a God inis^'mdod me thus for my ui, 
That I came with paught but my tunic, and now is it pa^t relief." 490 
Stfuighlway a thought haJ t)jrih in the heart of the crafty chief, — 
So ^ood in counsel sxiiX that battle-mighty one Τ 
And hi» word through the darkness came m whispered undertODe : 
' Hush, lest of any Ach^an Lvside thy speccli be heaid/ 
Then did he prop on his elbow his head, and he spake the word : 
' Hear, frieade, t have dreamed a dream : 'tie a heaveo'sent vision, 

I trow : 
behold, full far have we come from the ahipe ; now who will go 
To Atrdus' 5ύη Agamemnon, the shepherd of folk, and &ay 
That WG would he should eood more men from Cho galleys lo swoll 

01ΛΓ array ? * 
Straight at the word tl^et Thoas, Andrnimnn's son, upstarting, 500 
Cast down hi* mADlJe of purpie grain on the ground in depariinff ; 
And he hied him lo run tc the ships ; ard with joy I lay in ni& 

cloak : Rjrokc• 

And it seemed but a moment thereafter till morning the gold' throned 
Ah that 1 had but my youth, and my strength unwanted as then ϊ 
They would give mc a inantlc. 1 tiow, in the hut of the swinehert 

Moved both by love nnd by rev«rant awe of ao coodly a wight : 
But now am I lifihtly esteemed, for my body is foully dight/' 

And thou lo the bero^ Eumceas the swineherd, answcrcdst thus : 
"Yea, a riphl good 5tory, father, is this rhou hast lold unto us : 
And thou hast not spoken yet any word that the wise would hide. 
Wherefore the raiment thou shall not lack, nor aught beside [510 
That right is tog^tve when the suppliant cometh in woe Lo the door I 
But to-morn must thine own rags rlutier around thee even as l>efore- 
For not mariy manlles, nor changes of tunic-vests lo don. 
Are found w^ith such as we. but only for csch man one. 
But as soon as hitherwatcj ccimclh Odysseus" beloveJ sop. 
Himself shall give thee raimeot^ a mantle and tunic-vest. 
And shall ^nd thee whither thy heart would, even as seemeth thee 

best/' [a bod, 

To his fr<e[ with the wcja did he leap : he hath set hy the hearth 
And the shaggy fells oi shocp and of goals thereover hath spread. 
So Ody^Eseus Laid him down, nnd to shield him a^aii^st the cold fsso 
A mantle the swindJcid hath thrown, ihick-wovm at ample fofd. 
Thai hims«lf wtMild don when the frcwn of the tempest darkened 

the wokL 

BOOK XIV, of ^ffiiwr. 191 

Sound slept Odysseus then, where ruddy the hearth-flame gleamed. 
And anigh him the younger men ; but ill to the swineherd it seemed 
If within the hut he should lie from the swine-host far apart. 
So he dight him, forth to hie ; and Odysseus rejoiced in his heart, 
That the man watched well that his lord far distant should have no 
He flung his keen-edged sword his brawny shoulders across ; [loss. 
And a cloak, a defence B:om the blast, tbick^woven, about him he 
cast ; 530 

And witbai the shaggy skin of a great-girthed goat hath be ta'en, 
And hatb grasped hb javelin keen, the nightly prowlers' banei 
And he went forth into the night, to sleep mici the bristly kind 
'Neatb a cavemed crag's dark height, on the lee of the keen north- 


^oU» Uelfmac|iti0 ccme uomf flffiitn fram Sparta, anft 

BUT PalUs Aihcn£ is gone tioto Laceda:moii's pUtn, 
To put in mind the son of the hero Odysseus again 
Of his home-reluTTimg day, and to hasten him theoce away. 
And the Fnncc Tcl^machus there and NesEor's scion rcaourticd 
Asleep In the poidiJiall Γαϊι of King Mend^Lib she found* — 
Nay, sooth, hut sleep's soft holrf over Nestor's son had power, 
But sweel deep could not enfold Teiemachus I hour ftfier hour 
Through the balmy altjmbeplLd« for his lather he mourned awake. 
Than st^mding haid heside hini PfiUas Alhen^ spake : [lo 

'• Telemachufi, il] were ϊϊ done in thee far from thy palace lo loam, 
Leaving unguarded thy |-oods with i^iwloss men in tbinc hctϊ1e> 
Beware [csi wtlh insolGiit pride: ihey divide and devour the lesi 
Thar remaioeth Χ\ί thee ; so shalt thou have come on a bootless qnest. 
Then haste Ihee, heseecli Mcnetau^ the mighty- voiced in the iray 
That he let thee go, ere thy mother be clean departed away. 
For now is she sorely conslraried lowed by her sire and h« brothers. 
And to choose of th6 suitors Eiirymachus, seeing te passeth the 

In bringing of gifts, and his wooing presents are many and fair. 
See to il Itial nothing thun wouldst not away from thine halls they 

bear. [ao 

For thou kaowesi what manner of spirit ia found in woman's breast : 
To the house of the man thai doth wed her she longclh to biiug of 
the best. [p**^* 

But h^r children, the once beloved, and het spouse of the as.y& over- 
The living, the dead, are forgotten \ no thought unto them doth she 
But go thyself» and whatever thou hast to ^i woman comokil, [cast- 
Whomso thou krjow'nr of the servaois irue-hearted atid prudent of 
TJl the day when the Gods for th*e a holpmuot wifesball find. Iwit» 
[ will tell ihee another thing yet. And do thou lay it up in thy mind ; 
The chjefeBt of all the suitors for thee arc lying in wait 


*^ir dDDptfcff^ of ^omtr. 



Twixl Samos rhe ru^eed &di) Ithaca» ci/hm in t}i« midM οΓ the strait. 
Eager io slay ihe^ beforo thou be come το thy futherUod'home : 30 
but I ween i1 shall DOt be so; nay, &ooocr ^hdl earth catonib 
Manv of tbetii tliat devour thy sub^lttnuc: uiidei tliy ιτ>οΓ. 
Bui Keep thou the well-wroiiijhl ship from (he island far afoof : 
And by ni^ht a.s by day shalt thou &iU, λικΙ one of the Deathless 

fJiAlJ send thee Uhee. 

A fair starn-wind; for thertf ifl that w&ichelh thee still to t>etnend 
Bui as 5oon as the ship shall have come MQto Ithaca's uttermost 

shore τ 
Thy eallcy and all tby companions send oo to the chy before ; 
But ttiGU, first go 10 thme herder of swine ihat nhideth afield. 
And, even as in davs gone by, untothce is loyA^willed. 
There shalt chou sleep that nighti and shalt send him, when morn 

shall ^sc» ^a 

With ft word in his mouth of thee, to Penebpfi passing^wis^ ; 
And £0 shall she know thai, From Pylos returning, safe is her son/* 

So speaking, the Goddess away to Olympus on high is gonc- 
With his fool Tcleiiiachus sliTred the oiil kinn'ji son as he slepi ; 
And a sudden, an ea^er word to his panting iSpn hath leapt : 
" Rouse thee, Pcisisliatus, Nestor's son ! to the chanot lead 
The atiomg-hoofed horses, and yoke Ihcm, and forth on our way let 

us speeii" 
Answered and spake unto him Feisictratus, Nestor's son ; 
•■ Tele mac hue, hopeless it were, howsoever wc ion^j to be gone, 
To drive thmii^h the mirk of the night ; but soon will the dawning^ 

he here, 5t> 

Tarry till Atreus' son, the hero renowned with the spear. 
Mcndaus, the gifts of fai.i bountihcAd on the car »hall lay. 
And shall S|»e3k to us kindly words af parting, and acudua nway. 
Kor him doth thtgueit through the rest of hiilifedaysbe^r In mind. 
The guest-fain host who hath given him i^Tcetin;; and welcome kind/* 

Full soon thereafter the Dawn gdd'throncd brought in the diiy : 
And anigh 1o their couch hath drawn MeneLius renowned in the 
From his bed uprisen beside Que^n HHlen of lovely hair; [^Ji 
And Udysscns' son espied the hero standing there. 
On his liody with haste he atsvf his iLinic brightly dyed, 60 

And over his shoulders threw his mantle ftoaliog wide. 
And out through the door js he gone ; and thus to the hero began 
Telemachus. dcjr-Ioved san of Odysseus the godlike man : 
" Zfiiis-fostejed AtreuV soUh Menefaii'i, captain of war, 
1 pray xhet^ suffer ine now ia depart io rny faiherland^shore; 
For now inme heart is yeanling to look on my home Again/' 

Answered and spoke unto him Menelaus the hattle-fein ; 
" I would not binder thy feet, not I, that they sbonld nnt di^pjirt 
When thy spirit \b fain to be gone ; yea, oft it chafeth my heart. 
Beholding a host Uiat lavtahetk love ovennuch on his guest, 70 
Of oveciuucii abowetb his hate; amy, things in measure arc bcsi 


Htftf fl[>9«ffife? 

Yea, <--hurlisli alike I count him, who hasicth his (fucst hvtaj 
When he ν/οίύά not dep^t, and who huldcth him. luth though ht 

be to stay, jfain would tw t>one! 

Nay— good ch&ar for tlie guest wh^lc he tarries, goud speed when he 
Yet wait HU I bring my gifta to the chariot and scl thcni Iburcciii 
Fair gifts, iind thine eyes shall liehold them ; and I wdJ speak the 

word, [board. 

And the women shall set forth α plentiful ieast of our beat on tho 
For this Is for honoui, yea also for boddy aireoiftli. 1 trow, 
That men should be feasted, or e^er afjir on a jiiurney !h«y ^o< 
— Say^ through ihc length and Che breadth oi the land wouldst 

thou turn aside ? 8o 

Ln, Ϊ will be ihy timipanion» a charioi myself will provide' 
I will shew thet the citi^ of nitti ; there be friends ihnt shall 

weJcome us there. 
Nor send us empty away, but somewhat from all shall we bear; 
A tripod of bravs, or a laver their love shall bestow upon tlicc, 
Or a couple of mules, or a golden chalice the gift shall bo/' 

tfut to him Tuluinachua wise of spirit in answer soobo : 
^* 2eus-fo5leieJ Aliens' son. Ment4au5| chieftdiii of lolk» 
Ϊ am isin to reiurn straiKhiway, — for 1 left no warder at home 
To rule miae hou&ehola and guard mine own till again I should 

come — 

Le»i, AS [ seek for my godlike ^itv, myself should penshT go 

Or ont of mine house be stolen some treasure that most I cheri*h/' 

When the hero-kiD^, in the fray niighiy- voiced, his answer heard. 

To llelcQ the iiuccu stjai^litway and (he hajidinaid& he ^pake tho 

To anay the feaetfuJ board, and to lay of ihetr fae^^t thereon. 
Aud then drew nigh to hie lord £tc6neua Bocthiua' son ; 
For be lo&Ci since he dwelt not afar, to attend on his lord's desire. 
And him Menelnns the war-wise commanded In kindle a fire. 
And to roast (licm roast th«reon ; and he rendered obedience meet. 
Bui the hero himself is gone to a chamber odoions-sweet ; f too 

Not alone, Mei^apenElies and fair-tressed Heleii went with the king. 
So when they were come unto where hifi treasures were gUitering, 
Menelaus chose from the store a don hie -chalice bright ; 
And his son at his bidding bore a bowl of the silver white. 
Bnl Helen uplifielli lid of hnen press and chest 
Wherein bright raiment is hid thjit herself, the lovely -tressed, 
Had wrought, and the lady divine thence iftkctS the fairest of all 
Whose broideries brightest shrnc, and whose folds the amplest fall ; 
And it gleamed and it Hashed as a star, and the lowest of all il lay. 
And through chamber and corridor Ihey haste to the pnnce once 

more, ■ 

And thus the bright-haired war-chief Atreus' sou 'gan say : no 
'* May Zeus vouchsafe thee the boon for the which thine heart Is 

yearning ; 


of ^omfr. 


May the Ihnndering spouse of Her^ grant to ihee home-retuming. 
And of all the royal Ireastires within my palace that shine, 
The coslliesl thing and the fairest to see, even this shall be thine- 
1 will give ihee λ bowl faii'Caiven, oi iilver its predoii* moiiid. 
Save only the rim thereof, and it gieaitis with (he flame of gold. 
"TU the wcdt of Hephs^utuG ; the hero PhaidimuE finve it to me, 
The Sidouians' king^, when I stood 'ncath tlie roof of his hall by the 

sea. [shult take/' 

As the hoiH^ltack brought me thither; and this is the gift thou 
He gave the <Iouble- chalice cup to his hands as he spakC' 12q 
And sljong Me^apenthes bcought and seL at his feel on the ground 
The silver bowl rich-wrought, snd ihe sheen of ii streflmed aroard. 
And thereafter Helen th« fair-cheeked came to Odysseus' child ; 
And the robe in her bands she baTC» and she spakci and kind she 
** This gift moreover, lieluved child» i^ive Τ unio ihee, [smiled ; 

A remembrance of Helenas hands : for the happy day let it be 
When thou to thy bride shalt i^ivo it : till then, let it sufcly romam 
It] Ihy halb by thy mothern Farewell : soon maye-st thou look full 
On rliy palace siaiely-reareil, am! thy faiherland-'ioj] a^3in>" ffaic 
So she gave that fair-wove pall lo his hands, a.nd joyful-faced 130 
Teleniachus tooU it ; and all in the car PeisislraEus placed, [loom. 
With amaxe at the rich-wrought ore and the lovely child of the 
And Arreides went before them to lead to the banqueting -room. 
So they sat upon couch and throne by Aireus' kingly son ; 
And tbc bright spring water was brought by a maiden» &nd poured 
Goldtrr, lieaurifvil'WTuiight, into Ihvct of silver pure, [from a ewer 
To wash withal ; arid she spread a table of pohshed sheen 
By their side, and served was the bread by the stewardess nriodest 

of mien, 
With all thing's dainty to eat, given freely of all her store• 
And the sewer carved the meat, and to each his pcnion bor« : 140 
And the ;ion of the hero renowned the wine to the i«st bare round ΐ 
So they put forth theit hands to eat of the chcei ou the boaid that 

lay. [away, 

but as scon as the craving for meat and fcr drink was clean done 
Tclcmacihus then and the son of NeMor the horses brought: 
And thr?y yoked them, and mounted upun the cbuiiot cuiutngly 

And forth they drove to the Bound ol the poichway echoing round ; 
Aod Aireus' son the brighl-haiicd hero followed behind 
With the honey-heart wine in his ri^hl ha&d, mixed for the farewell 

kind, (golden cup. 

That, or ever they went, they shoidd pour to the Gods from the 
And he came and he stood before the chariot, and lifted it up : 150 
'"Farewell, youths. Greet well Nestor the shepherd of folk for 
For kind unto me evermore he was, as a father might be, [me : 
So long as we warred in Troy» we sons of Achsean men.'* 
And to him Tclcmachiis wise of spirit answered then: 


^iit S>WQ&tV 

*' Yea verily, blessed of heaven, to him will we suruly s;o 
Antl speak ihit grceliug of ihine ;— l>iil Ihat cvun iso 
Umo Ithaca coming again, I might find Odysseu* iharc, 
And might tell of my sojjurTi with Ihce, of thy sUntUfie lovinfi care, 
And might point to the treasures I bring, the ^fta »o maay end 
fair ! ■' 

Even as he spoke, on the right flaw a bird of augury by, i6o 
An cagic bearing a white goose ttusscil in his talon» on hi^h, 
A tame fowl out of the farm ; and the iiiei^ and th« wumeo iut 
Followed, a damounng swarm -, bixt Ihe bird came dariinj^ pa»t 
in ίτοΏΐ of the car on Ihe ri^bt ; and they* as they looked thereon. 
Rejoiced for the omen» and hght grew the heart of every cne. 
And Peisisfraius, Nesloi's son,li> the otheis turned httn.aBd ^poke; 
•* MeneJaus. ble^^^d of Zeus, beltiirk thee, chieftain of folk, 
Whether the uod doth send unto thee or to uB this εϊ^,τ!." 

He spake, and the War-god's friend Menelaus es&aycd to divino 
How he should wisely make meet answer and tnie, well'lTOwing : 
But, or ever his word came» spake the lady of robes long-fiowin^ : 
'* Hearken to rae, I will prophesy that which the UealhTces send 
Into my soul, and even as I deem shall be tlie eii(l> 
As the eagle boru and bred on the [DOiintain's wild bleak fac« 
Hath snatched away this ^^oose ^o ft reared lu a fiheltered pUco, 
So, after manifold troubles and rovings o'er land and sea, 
Shall Odysseus with vengeance return lo his ho:ne ; yea now, it mA/ 
He is there, and for all the suitors already deviseth banp/' [he. 

Then anto her wiao-witted Telemachns answered a^ain : 
*' May Zeus, loud'thundciing spouse of Hcri, so order it aow ; i8o 
Thi-n thee even ihere as a God will I hail with prayer and vow/* 
He spake» and he Jatd on the lash, and away the tieet eteeds dASh ; 
Eagerly flew they, crossing the city lo win to the plain- [rein- 

So all ibrough the day ihey went tossing the jingling yoke ^nd ihe 
And the sun went down» and all the ways were o'ershadowejj with 
And thcr came in th^ evonlall unto Hhera^, Diocles' honiOr [gloom ; 
Whose lather Oraiiothus high descent frum Alpbeiua drew. 
There for the ni^ht did Iheylte. and he ^ave them ihegue^t^farc due. 

When Dawn from her mistvetl broke with ro^ilyflu&hing lij{ht, 
They put the steeds to chc yoke of the chariot cunningly djght ; i^u 
And forth they tramped lo the suund of the pori::hwdy uchom^ io^md ; 
And he touched the 9teeds with the whip, and with right good will 

they llew. 
And quickly ani^h unto ateep-buill Pylos town they drew : 
And then to Ihe ^on of llie anctenl king Telemach^is xpakc : (sake — 
■■Nestor's son, wouldst thou promise t>>e thing Ihat 1 ask for my 
And how perform it ? For ever cur fathers' frtendahip endecirs 
Each to Che other : moreover we number the selfsame years : 
And by (his wayfaring together the ctoselier knit shnll we lie- 
Drive me not otheiwhere, friend, but leave me by galley and sea ; 
EUe will tho old Idng's masterful Io%e compel me to scay 3oo 


Of ^utntr. 


Hie guGSI in his halls— bvit i luuat, U I needs must hasten away-" 

So epftkc hci and Nestor's accJ m bis heacl gan cost alraut 
\-\fivr hn miKht rompass (tie deed, and the promise be aiainle£« of 
And so he dovjaed ihm shift, and ttii^ b&st it ^amncd to bo : [doubt. 
Ho turned the steeds to the tkwUt black uhzp and ihc sitand of the 

And ihe beautiful gift» h« bar«, and Jibaft ia the galley he etored, 
The cold fLnd Ibe raiinoat fair, cho ^1(16 of Sparta ΐΐ lord ; [word : 
And he haatencd TcJemachus iticici and he »pake the Ught-wloged 
" Now 4|)eed thee aboard» and bid iliy fetlows be hH^tming, 
Before I reium to lh« palace, And tell the apcient ^in^- 3io 

For indeed thia thint; do I know full well in riiy mmd aad my heart. 
That bt:^ spitit will biouk uj doiiial : be will ni^t let Ihee depuit« 
PiiT himself will come hither ro rail the*» ■ I now he will not return 
Empty, for indignaiioo-ktodlod his nnger will btirc/' [masedl : 

So he spske, and awiiy looae-rcincd went the <:ar-s(c«d& beautiful- 
Swiflly to Vy)os lie hied htm, and t^fiie [o the palace again. 
And Telemachusmni«d him, and cried, as he stood on the sbof^j 

to hie mon: 
" Sliipnialcs all. iiovt deal with the black ship'& lacklmj^'anay -, 
And let us aboard ourselves, ro the end we may speed on nnT way." 
So Ihe &hipmen'Wi|ght£ gave heed 10 his bidding with willtrg heaiis ; 
And they Doarded the galley with speed, and they &at tbom down 
on the thwarts. 
So there toiled he ; and vHth vow find prayer to Athene on high 
He is sacriricing now by tb« stom : — lo, a man draweth nif^h, 
Piom a far iantl fleeing, bocALi^e that iu Argog a man had he slain< 
YeT a prophet ihe manilayer was, and born nf Melampus' strain, 
Who of old in PyloSf th& mother of sheep, was wont to abide : 
And bis palace was great, none other o'erpasscd its stately pride. 
To a far taod then he departed, fleeing hb native place 
And N^leus the mi^hiy-henilrd, the noblest of all earth's raoe, 
Λ long year wearily tolled, and hiE wealth through all that year 330 
Was in Nclcus' tyrflunous held, and MeiAmpu? \n durcsa drear. 
In bonds itcbl biiler to break, in the halls of Fhylji{:Lis lay 
For Nflpus daughter's sake, ^nd the desperate mad esfiav 
Whcrennto α stronKcr drave him, the fearful Ennnys divine. [Inne 
Vet 'scaped he the jaws of the grave, and he diave the bellowing 
To Pyloe from Phylac6"s mead^ ; and vengeance on Ntleus" head 
Hg took for hifi shameful deeds ; and withal to his brother he led 
A <;ueen for his halls and a bride : but Trom fatherland far went ho 
Unto Argos' boi^ienicads wide ; for so was it Fate s decree 
That there he should live out his life, and lie king of the Arrives 
there. >40 

And he took to himseir a wife, and he built haLU stately and fair. 
Anttpbales, Manttus, thttse were his sons, right stalwart and bold ; 
And bom lo Antiph:ites was OTclea mighty- so uled. 
Unto hinn weiu the t>attle-waker Amphiaratiu bom, 

tl^f ©tipfiiflrE 


Whom Zeus rhe Aogis-shaker, ατχά He of Ihe hair unshorn 
Loved passiri^ woJJ : vci he won not the ^rey eld- threshold of lifOi 
But at TJiebcs he penshed, dune Ko death by a bribe-bought wife. 
Yet his sons were glorious, Alcnijeoc and \inphJloi:hiis- 
And to Maniius moreover were born PoIypheidcsandCldiu* the fair ; 
But Clcitus ths gold-throned Morn for his heauly to he^ivea bare: 
So he dwdleth afar where the Doalhless xre, ana she lovctb llim 

ι here 
But grcAt beyond :tll other prophets on earth that abide 
Λροΐΐο made bis brother, vvheu Amphinraua had died. 
But to far Hyperjsia ihe seer fled, bitterly wrolh with his ^thci ; 
And thither, his wifidom to hear, all peoples wont to jr^itheT, 
Now the child of a prophet -race — Thcoklymcnus named Ihey ht£ 

name — [came, 

Drew near them τη desperate case; am! Telernacbtis* even λι^ ht 
With the cup cf hbatioo in hand, m^de his prayer by the swift 

black ship: , l^fP- 

And the fugitive stood on ihe strand, and he tried wilb ^juJvering 
" Ο fripnd, since I ftnd thee now doing sacrifice here on tile shore, 
By thy sacnhcc 1 beseech, by the God whoso prace ye implore, 
By thmc head, by Ihc heads of thy fellows that follow thco, he^inff 

thy best, 
ffide not. but give me an arswer of tnith unto this my refiuest : 
W hoart thou i— -thy nation ? — thy city and parents, whero be they?" 

Then unto him did Telemachus prudent b spirit say: 
*' Yea, Ϊ will give thee, stranger, nn •ιη5\νεΓ of truth in this. 
Of Uhacan race am 1, and my father Odysseus i&, — 
U ever he lived— but now hath he perished wretchedly : 
Therefore wiih comrades imd swift black ship 1 came over the %βΛ, 
Tosctfk after news of my sire, who departed from τΐΐ long since/' 370 
And the godlike ucr Theoklymenus answered and spako to the 

prince ; 
" I loo am afar from my land, for I slew a man and 1 tied, [dead ; 
For that many the brethren were and the kmtiolk of him that ift 
And Iho;^ itnghtily rule the .\charan£ in Argos, the horse mend land. 
And fleeing the blackness of death at Ihe fietcie avenKer'ffc hand, 
1 find no rest : I am doomed tip and down limonR men to roam. 
Ο give me a clace in thy ehip^ who a fuKitive suppliant oomu, 
Leat they ta)<e me and slay ; for I think they <irc followiiiK hard 

AofiWdred and spaki^ unto him Telemaehus prudent of mind : 
*' I τνιΙΙ thrust thoe not from tbe shapely ship, neither spurn thy 

request. a8o 

Nay, follow, and thou shall be uvelcnme, and have thy share of the 

Then from the hand of the seer he received his lance, and be laid 
The brazen -pointed spear on the deck of the ^nhip wave-swayed ; 
And himfielf to the stem hafh hied of the galley that useth to plough 




The fields of tht hoary tiite ; ninl ht• srjiti^tli himself, Hrd th« seer 
ί Jc causcth lo Eil by his sidtt, anJ ihey c:i&t otJ the hiiwstri novr. 
And Tcletnachijs caileJ on hia men lo deal with tUc tackling-gcar ; 
Αιιιϊ tbdy li^hl liaslily llieo lo the wotds of Μά tnoulh ^-avg caj ; 
And Ihey hoiiited ihe tall pine-misr, and Ihty wi il iniu ^τ« ptnce 
In the centfc block, ^nd iast with ihe two biciUys did they brace: 
And they iipre^d tbo wbito ΜίίΙ wide wilb the IboDg» of Ibe twialed 

hide ; 
And a fair breeze sprang up behind— ft waft PalUs Athene's gifi— 
A mightily- Γ uBhin^ wiad, and Iho good ship lea^t ; add swift 
<yer ΰίβ brUie of the sea abo speeds, by ioanj-alvor aud wave-hol- 

low'gleiim ; 
And they Ibt by Crunie meads and by Ch&lde' beautiful ecream. 
And the aun wcrx down, and ftll earth- wftyaju'rcw dim tn ibu^loori^ ; 
And through ilu&k of the nvenfj^II '^μιϊ PbAiVe foieUiid lo \oi*ni ; 
And the breezes of h^nv^n drav^^ the good «bip over the wave 
Fnfit i^LJs, the reaLnn divine of the royal Epeian Une. 
So ibcncc stood be gut for the isles in ihc o^a far away ι 300 

And he thought of the dark duaih-toils ; — Ghould be '»:^pc them, or 

fall their prey ? 
Meanwhile in tbc^ evontidu tho swineherd supped with his lord 
In the hilt ; ^tnd thcie beside them ihe herdmen sat λι ihe board. 
Itut wbRii hunger was done Rway, and the men bnd drunken ihrir 

Then OdyTtseu» botfan his say — to know of the swineherd'» will, 
Wbcthrr wilb kiiidly heart he woold welcome him siill to stay 
In the steading;, or bid him drpiin on the cityward -tending way — 
■■ Hearken, E^umti^us, and ya Eb.-tt here be gathered beside ; 
I am fiin to get me beacc to the city at morning-tide. 
To bug rny bread, thai 1 l>e nut n bnrElen to tbf^se and totbee. 310 
But counsel me well, I beieech thee, and send thou a guide with me 
Wbo shall lead me thither : but there shall I wander — for needs 1 

must — 
AbouE llie city, if any will give to me cup and crusl. 
To the bouse of Odysseus wiihal, thy godlike lord, would I ^p 
To I'cnclopi paising-wise. to fell of him whatso 1 know- 
yc:i, wiiliJ would I j^o to ibe airogant throng Ejf ibe suiltir.v tbrire. 
If pereh;ince they would give me to cat, for abundance they have 

and to spare. 
I am ready tc toil for them well, whatsoever the task shall be ; 
For 1 tell thee, — and gtve fhou heed to my «aytng and hearken to 

me — [^crown jao 

B\ the favour of Hermes the Guide god, of him that is wont to 
Tne labours of all menfolk wUh a gadand of ^Tace and rcuowc, 
Kd man ^hall be found my match in renJerine service good. 
In keeping the lire ablaxo, and in hewing the Ddlct« of wood, 
And in carvtnir and roasting of meats» snd ίη pouring tho winetl 

tbc feast, 


llip siDDpifffpp 


Sucb household vatV as is dooe for the gr^t οΓ the earth bj the 

But \hoUj Eum;cii£ the swinelierdf criedst in Rorc dUma}': 
" Ο stritn£[cr, whence this purpose thnt leadeth ihy honit AflirAy ? 
Of a truth thou Mt utterly niiiidcd to rush forthwith on thy b^aci 
If thy will he indeed to eniet the throng of the suitor ttain, 
"WhoEe outrnge and violecce reacheth the iron vault of the skv. 330 
Not such as thou arc the folk thftl for these the house-tasks ply. 
Nay, they lie youog ; ^iiy mantle and beautiful tunic they wear ; 
And their head& ftye gU&ten with oil, And thdr bices Are 1>ΙοοιπΙΐ]|[ 

and fair. 
Even these are their scrying -men, and their polUhed tables shine. 
And they Iwnd with their burden of hreiif), and j>f flesh, and of xotty 
Nfly, tarry, for no man accounteth it ill thy tice to see, [wine. 

Nor t. nor any of these my fellows that dwell with mo* 
l)ut when hilherv^aid t:omcth the dear-loved ΐ«η of a godlilie sire. 
He shall l>eslow or Ihee mantle and tunic, goodly attire, t34*^ 

And shall help thee whitherso€%ei thine hcirt and spint is favn," 
And tho godlike Odysseus the toilwom answered the swineherd 

again : 
'* May Zeus AUfather, Euma^us, account thee a« dear a frleiHt 
As I, who hast made my woes ΪογΙογγ and my wandirinirs end! 
All. honielesi wandering is the sorest of evils to bcari 
Yet *lts tyrant hunger [hat biingeih on men h^art^liAtaitsini; car«% 
And feet tbui may find no re^l, and weariful travail and pftlfi. 
But, secini^ thou wilt that ag^ainsE his coming 1 here remain^ 
Come, tuuchiiig the mother o( godlike Odysseus tell me, [ prxy. 
And the sire that he left on the threshold of eld as he went away; 
Whether they yet are Uving licncath the rays of the sun, 350 

Or are dead ere this, and to 1 Jades' shadowy balls arc cone," 

Then ι:ηϊσ him the swineherd -t:aptiii η answering spake : 
" As touching all this, Ο stranger, an answer of troth wiJI I niaken 
Still liveth Laertes ; hut ever on Zeus Allfather he calb [hallct ; 
That liifr life from his woe-worn limbs inay be scACicd there m hia 
For sotely, iiorely he mourns for his son. the depnrtet), the lost. 
And withsii for nis wis^-souled wife, for he grieved for her death 

the most, — 
And bi« spirit was broken, and ere the tune grey eld came on, 
She p(*n*if rd, sm'cken with anguish hicause of he» gloriom eon, [360 
βγ a wretched death : — oh never may that man know such end. 
Who dwells heie. dear unto me, aad doeth the deeds of a friend 1 
So long as she yet wasalive^ alLjeii ?^he hv^d in grief. 
So long did 1 care to ecquiie after itdinL's of that lost chief. 
Because that she nursed me herMlf with Ctimenu peerlcss-bir. 
The prince» royalty rohcdi tlio /oungeM child thai she bare. 
With h^r daughter she brought me iipj and scarcely she honoured 

me less. 
But when wc were come, we twain, onto youth^tidc*» loveUacee. 


Of t)omrr. 


For a Irideprice untoH uiUci Same the pruacett paued AWAy ; 

Hlii me (ltd her Efioth^r ihe (luet^M attire ίη gooftly arrny. 

In tunic and mantle and eandals, and txkd« π«τ our^Nng depart, 370 

in the uptajid pa^tmos ΙϋΐοϊΙ, yet with mc ^ont her bcart* 

But her love and hti taie, I Wt iliein now ; yet the bicsl Gcids 

PTosp^r the work of mine hand?, for 1 toil with η h^aily wllln [aiiH 

1 caa eat, I can drinkj aad atiJI for the siranccr λ ntorscl 1 apare- 

Dtit uti'er from our Udy I hear a kindly vfoza, and ne'er 

Taite kindly tleed 1 for a curse halh come on Odvswus" halls» 

Even overbearirg men : ye: sorely long we IhrAlU 

To luok ou the laec of our lady, to ask how all things fare, 

And 10 cai aud to diiiik, auu a i^jfi of her bouoty tbciite to bant 

To gUdden the heart of ihe rhralls, and to make Iheir toil eeem 

light." 3«0 

And Odysseus ihc many- counsel led spake to the swineherd wight ; 
^^ Alas ΛΟί] aids I a little one surely thtiu w^sl 111 the day [fiway. 
WhcQ thou wanderedsE fnr from thine home, from Ihy parents fax 
But come now, tell me this, and »oth he thy answering word ' 
Did Ihcy waste a broad wayed city of men with fire and sword 
Where dwelt thy father and mother, and took thcr taptive in war ? 
Or abiding alone with the she«p or the oxen afield afar 
Did sea-robbers find thee, and iicar in their galleys a slave overseA, 
Till in this man 'a halls a goodly price was paid thcnt for thee ? '' 

Answered the swineherd -captain nnd spake to the iiUnd-kinj : 
" Stranger» seeing thou askcsl lad meekest to know th^ thing, [390 
Give ear, And in silence delight ihce, and drink as thou sill'sl at 

thine e^ase. 
There is tirne for sleeping^for nights exceeding long are theGe, — 
And time for delight of stories ; what boots to oe slumbering 
Before the time ? Yea, oversleep is a wearisome thiog. 
But ye, the lest of my fellows, whoso is minded so» 
Let him foith and sleep, and a£ soon asappe.treth the dawnin^'-glow, 
Lot bim break hts fast, and toilow the herds of Odyssous' swine- 
Hut we, let us rise not yet in the tent from the feast uid the wine. 
We wilt gladden each other with Maries of travail aiid pain and 

woe; 400 

For from aprings of grief overpast may fountains of pleasure flow, 
When a man hath suffered muth, far-wandertug toauU fro. 
And this 1 will tell, whereof thou askest and seekesf το know- 
Above tjrtygia li^th aa isle, and Syri« its name^ 
If perchance ihou hast heard U— the sun's path turueth aback at 

Ihe same — 
Not passing great ia the compass thereof, but good i« the ground ; 
For its pastures are clothed with docks, and their corn OJid their 

wiue abound ; 
And poverty cometh not there; and the hateful face of disease. 
That vcxetn wretched mortals^ halh never been seen hy these. 
Bat when her people exceeding old begin to grow, 41c 


[f Φϊρίϊίϊίρ 


Then Artemis cometh againsL iheuij aiid He of the Silver Bow, 
And softly chill them lo death with shafis like fallmg snow. 
Two dtics there ate, and l>e1weGn them thelnnd is parted in twun li 
Aud over tiolli of tliese did ihe king my father reign, 
Clesiiis, Ormenu^' son, with jjocllik^ "i;ijesty crowned. 
Thither there came on Ά day Fticrnidans Rit ley -ten owned, 
i'Si]iic knaves, vrith a Freight of many α qunini and cufious thioff. 
A Phtriiician woin^n dnek in the h^lls of tny father the king, 
Comely and tall, and cnnnin^ in lahours of womankind. 
Now the wily Fhceniciao shipn^en lognes seduced her mind : 430 
By the ship at her hncn-washing one of them found her. and lay 
In loving embr^tre with her.^^nd this thing leadtih iislray 
Most surely a woman's heart, be she never so cunning of hand : 
And thcrc-tfter iha man enquired of her nam« and her latborland; 
And 5he straightway made answer and spake of her father's high- 
roofed halt : 

■ Tb* Sidoiiim land brass- weal thy ihe home of my youth I caXL 
Great was my father Arybas, mighty in wealth overflowing, 
But it fell ou a day, λβ home from the lonely fieldsh 1 wait ^oin^'i 
Thar Taphiiin rovers seizt^d me. «nd bore me away a stave. 

And Gold me in this mrtn's hatls» aad i\ goodly price he ^ve/ 430 

Answered and spake the man, by her side tlifit in «lealth had 

lain ; [a^'uiij, 

* Now wouldst ihon be ivilling to ^o with us hack to thy country 

On the high-roufcd hdme and thy lather and mother to took once 

They are yet alive» anil their wealth, men say. Is a stintless store,* 

than spake the woman to them, and eag«rly answered eb» : 
'Yea, seafarers» that would I gladly, if yc will also agree 
To be huuod by an oath to caiiy me *tait to my lutherlatid'^tborei' 
So spake she, and all the «lion a% the woman bacio Them wwore. 
And after the swearing was don», and the oath had been spoken by 

Answi^red the woman again, and spake with wary speech : 440 

■ Now beware that none of yon seem 10 know me, or turn to gr«ei t 
But say not a word it ye meet mc faring; adown the street. 

Nor beside the spring, lest the story some taJe-be^icr's toogne 

shuvild hring 
To my master the old man's hall, and me mto fetters he fling, 
Jnto hitter blinds, ctnd tor you he devise an evil fate. [treij^fht. 

But keep in your hearts my saying, and speed ye the Sntle of your 
But as ΐοοη as your trafBe is done, and the victoni abonrd shall be, 
Then let a messenger come with ^peed to the palace for me. 
For gold will I bring, on whatsoever n^inc hands I may lay ; 
And another passAge-price wilhal will I willingly piiy. 4J0 

For 1 nLtrse the child of a mighty man in the halls of his pride, 
A shrewd tittle lad, and of strength to be rtinning abroad by my 



of feomrr. 


Him W[ll 1 tead to The ship : lie sEull bring yoti a price untold, 
When aittr overseas unto ouUantl folk Ihe slave shall be sold/ 
So speaking she turned her aback, and was gone to llic pxbcc Imr. 
And now for a whole year's space ihe shipmen tarried there 
With the hollow galley, and tTAlticktfdiandgiit th«iii abundant Store, 
Till the gatley was frd^hted hi ^ailinj^ the homeward track once 
And rhey sent a iiie!9iSenger then to Uiil tht wo[iian away. [mor<e< 
ΤίτΰΓΰ came a cunninu man to niy lather's halls ^a a day, 460 

Bearing a necklace of gold, with amber drops between ; 
And tictoie the maids and my mother uHttered and glanced its sheen, 
Aalhey turned italxiut in thnlin1],.'inG watched the lit-ht-play shine, 
And profiured a pnce; but he suddenly made to the womaa tb« 

And was^ouc iJDlo wharc ihe i;alley lay bv Ibe wa<i1i ot the foam. 
Then took she my hand and she led me lonh of the doore cf Ciy 

Atid tables she found in the porch, and goblets «et therooD• 
For rrty fiilher's l•on&e'Ca["le^' ftiaslin^^ Ujd— liuf the ιτι«η were gone ; 
For into the council-ring and the fol^Zmote had they pres^n^ ;— ' 
So she snfltchcd three chalices upt and she hid them away in her 

breast ρ 470 

And Γ in my child-sitrtplkiiy fdlowrd her forth to my doom, [Rloom. 
And the sun went down, and all the ways were o'ershftdowed with 
And swiftly wc went, and wc came to the goodly harboupbay 
Wh&re hl<ick in the dusk the PhtEDicians' sea^swift galley lay. 
And the shipmen ran her down and sailed the paths of the »eas 
Αΐ soon as th^^y had us aboard, and Zeus sent bcliind us a broeiQ. 
Six days steadily sailed we on through the day and the night. 
But when Zciis. the son of Kronos revealed the seventh day's light, 
Then Artemis arrow -triumphflat her bow on the woman drew; 
Down to the hold with a thud dropped she, hb tx dead scu-mcw. 4S0 
For the fishes' and scac^lvcs' prey they cast her into the sea ; 
And 1 was left forlorn, hear! -stricken with inisery. 
Onward to Ithaca's isle were wc swept by the wind and (he wave ; 
And there with bis substance Laertes bought me to be h^s slave. 
So came it to p;iss thai I IcKiked upoii this land first with mine eye." 

Unfo him Odysseus the 2eu£ -descended made reply: 
*' Enmn^us, strangely the heart in my breast hath been v^nly moved 
By the telling of all these things, and the woes that thy heart hatb 

Yet Zeus bath ordained tha.i good should alony with the evil befall ; 
For after thy manifold griefs hath he brouj:ht thee unto the ball 490 
Of a master whu givelh thee meal and drink with kindly will ; 
And good is the life that thou tivest : but I — frum ill unto ill 
Have 1 roamed, and from city to city : and lo, I atn homeless siilb" 
Sothrousgb thenighttalkedthev in the hush of the darkened place, 
Till Ihey turned to theii rest» and Lay in bleep for a little spatie ; 
For the faif'ibroned Dawn froni her veil soon broke. 


If ΦΐιρΑσΓρ 


And Tcltmiiclmfii' itiimi 
Oflf nhcre were dropping the sail, and ihv mast ihty lowered then 
With haistc, and the oars they plit^d to ι;-ΛΪη the niooncg-^-round ; 
\ua ihc slftfiiwis ovei Ujs side ihcy casi, aiul tlic Ιιαλλεϊ?! trUUlKl- 
Thea sprang tbey ashore, and their f«!i l^a&Tied light io the hoary 
brmc. 500 

And they inAde tboni leady tlitnr meat. and tbey miiJ|;leiJ the 1)απ]6< 

Hushed wini*. 
But when the desire of ihe bowl and the roast had been done away, 
Telcmachus wi:ic of ^oul to the re^it of the rncQ 'gan »y : 
*' Now shall ye speed the bUck ship back od her way to ihe town ; 
But I will visit my herdmeri by pasiiii« and uptatid down. 
Citywards dawn irorti my [anus wilJ 1 go with the eventide: 
And Ά icGompcn^e for your tod in tho inorniu^' mine hand shall 
A goodly bniirjitcl uf HuMitiind of pleAsant-savoiii^d wlii?," fprOvide: 
Then out and spake 10 the prince Theoclymenus, prophet divine : 
'■ And whither, dear eon» &hal] 1 go i Unto which shall i take myi 
way 310 

Of thi> halla of the men ihat tn rL.igged llhuca's isle bear sway ? 
Shall i turn lorChright to tliy mother's palace and Ihine my feet ? " 

And Tclc(ii:ichus wise of spirit to htm mftdc answer mot:! : [thuit, 
'* In :iU<Hh [ wtJulU bid tbet: a i^utsl to our huusc. were it olbei ihaii 
And well shoiddir thou fflre : hue a sorry greeting wore thine with us 
Now, soeing 1 ahall not be there» and my mother wilJ not ^e thee; 
For sfddom before the throng of the smtor& appcareth she ; 
βηΕ aloof ffom them ever she weaveth η web in an upper room. 
Yet will i telt thee the name of another man, unto whom [320 

Thou ^ihalt come ; Eurymachua, wise-heart Polybue* glorious son. 
The Ithacan folk 4iti a GuU look up tu tbul iiiighiy oue ι 
For the uobieet he Is by far, and inr* most doth he de^re 
To wed my mother, and win the state of Odyg&eus my βίπ- 
But Zcu» AUfathor> who dwellelh in heaven, knoweth to say 
Whether death shall end the story, instead of the marriage- day.** 
Even as he spake, on the right a swift bird flashed through the air, 
Apollo's servant, a kite ; and cvor a dovo ho tare 
Clutched in his talon-grip. and the feathers adowa το the strand 
CatTic floating between the ship and the child of the lord of thi lADd, 
Then did Che prophet take the prince From the others aside ; 530 
And he gasped his hnnd, and he £pake a word of the fateful tide : 
'* Fnend, none but λ God liaLh sent this bird on thv nghL lliai £uw ;, 
For as scon as i looked thereon, the augury-fowl 1 know: 
For in all the Ithacan land your line is the kingliost, 
And the mUeht of Odysseus' house ovcrpasseth all the rest." 

Answered and spake unto him Telemachos prudent of mind : 
*'Ah straneari 1 would this aiying of thine fulfilment may find. 
Then shouTdft thou know my love, and mnny a gift from me• 
So that happy shouldst thou be accounted of whoso ciel with the«-" 

Then 10 Peirieus he ^pake, bis comtade tru&ry and true : 540, 



" Ρΰίτ:ΐτιι«, Clylids' son, thou liast ever be^n woni to Aq 
More for my 4λ1« than the rest lba( sailed unto Fjlos with me ; 
Now οΙάο. \ praj Ihec, cake this atranjicr home wuh ihoc. 
Anil kiudlj eutieal liLii.aiiil Louljui. till t Umll icLuni lullic luwn." 
Made answer again P^ir^ue, the hero of batf Je-renown : [there, 
" Teleniachus> though Ihou shouldfit lArry for many a Jcn^ day 
This rtuLU ttliould be si'dl my ^uc8t, aad should inie as (bo hwioured 

fftre." [men 

To the csJley he turned him then, and he gtive commAcd to his 
Tc din^b the black ship's side, and Co J«t tho hawsois go; [^50 

And swiftly aboard they hied ihcm, and sat on the thv^arts arow. 
And now hath Telfma^hus slipped round hi <i feet ihe sandal• thongs 
And his Epcar with the brass kecntipped hath he grasped— it was 

massy and slrcng^ 
On the dctk of the sliip as It Uy ; and the hawsers the men let f^o ; 
And Ehey ran her as^a through the spray, and they sailed for the 

city ; for so 
W«8 tbe nest of the dcarOovcd son of Odysseus, hero divine. 
But swiftly hii feet sped oa till he cainc 10 llic gaith of ibc swine> 
Where the trusty swineherd Iccpt his ceaseless watch and ward, 
Vca, Amidst o( tlic swinc-host dcpt, for the love that he bare to his 



^(M s3Dt)^0tfrn0 toae matt Etnoton to t)f«f ϋθΧ\, 

As anigh cftmo Tclcnrtachus^ feet, the king and tho ewinoherct 

Mad« ready ine nifirning meat, and L»ji this wa& ihc fiTP alight ; — 
They Imil sent ϊΗβ herdmen away with the pasturing swine fti th• 

dawning ;— [they tawmnf 1 

Li), the dogs have rorgolten to hay. aod aroimd the ^itnce ar« 
And Odysseus the godlike marked Ihe Ιεΐΐρ acd the whiue of the 

Thai ever at strangers harked ; aod his car caught footfall -sound a, 
Sfiflighlway he spahe wiit^ced words to Etiiiif us the master ofswino: 
*' Of a surety, EumspiiSj liitherward Cometh a comrade of thine. 
Or iiotttt ono the bandoes know^ and rot wiih baTking (Τγ^οΙτ 
But they fawn fihout him , moreover 1 hear the treading uf feet/' lo 
Not yet were the words well done, ^vhen the porchway darkened :; 

a face 

Was there in the door,— his son 1 and sprang up in aruazc- 
Dropped from his liands to the (kior the bowls, wherdn cast he 

The flame -flushed wine to pour^ and to meet his lord he ran ; 
And he kissed that deai-toved he^d, and both his hcauliful eyes: 
And he kissed hj.s hands, and lie sJied warm tearb in his gUd sur- 
And even as a father witl pour forth welcome on one dear-Joved 
Who comes from a fixr-away shore where ten long years he hath 

TO\'ed, [yearned,. 

Mis one son» stalwart and tall, for whom he hath sorrowed and 
So now did the svvineherd fall on the neck of the pnncc returned : ΐο 
And be kissed him on every side, as one that had 'scaped from 

deaih ; 
And in sorrow and joy he eried with pasmonatc sobbing breath ; 
" Thou ait cume. my darling' 1 light of mine eyes ! 1 had thouichtl 

never more 


^ϊ)Γ fiPbftfiSni of iontfT. 


To behold ihy face, when the if^ley bad borne ibee to Pj'los' £hore. 

Come m, come in, doxr aon, for mmc heart b exceeding fain 

To rejoice- with the fc? cif ιιιίηΐΐ eyea on my ϊοτά came hither 

For but seldom thou farost aheld to th« upland pasturt- ^;rourd, 
But still In the city abidcat ; such pleasure ihine heart hktb found 
Dfty afler day to behoTd the devouring stii Lor train." 

But to tJm wi^witted Tel«Tii;ichu£ unswering spakd igaio : 30 
** Fflther, 30 let it be : for thy sake hither i come. 
To look upor tht?e witli mine cye3» ai:d tidings to a^k of mine homo, 
Whether Mill my mother abid^rh within οηγ halls, or is wed 
To ^mother man efC thi&, and Odysseue' fortjakcn bed, 
Stripptid barCi is lying with curtains apidcr-wtcujjht ovoraprcad*" 

Answered and spake unto hini Euuiu.-uit ibo awiuebeid 'thief» 
" Nay verily yet she rima^neth with heari ever steadfast in grief 
Within thinu h^lle ; but η burden cf pain the lon^' any bears, 
And the win^fs of ibc night trail bcavily, clogged with the laio of 
tears." [40 

So he took from Odysseus' eor the ^peftr keen-headed with brass ; 
And over the threshold btonc did Ihc prince Tclemachus pass. 
And Ody^CuS uprose before bim, and moved from bis seal aside. 
But Telemachus spake from the door to forbid it, and kind he cried: 
" Nay, stranger, rise not : myself will ήαά tne a seat otherwhere, 
FoT the bon^estead is mine ; yea, here is the msji that my piece 
shall prepare/' 

So he sat bim down, for now the swineherd hasted to strew 
Full many a leafy bough ; and a fie<ice tb^icovcr he throw i iP^i ■*' 

And Odysseus* deaf-lDvcd child sat duwii on the new-made scat, l^^-* 1 ^ 
' ~ erd piled en platters the toasted incnx,/ \ yi' * 


And for ihem the swinehei 

Even that which the men ate not at their supper yesternight :' 50 l^ 

And he heaped the bread, and iie brought it m i^laitcd baskets {j^ 

Into ivy bowl he poured the mingled honey-sweet wine ; [white- "■ 

And he sat down fnring hts lord, the unknrwn hero divine ; 

And they put forth their hands for to eat of the merits on the board 

that Iny. 
But when ihe desire of meat and of drink was clean done away. 
Then to the godlike swineherd the prince Teleniachue «poke : 
" Whence, father, comelh Ihe stnuiger^ and how did the sailor-folk 
Bring hinj to Ithaca's shore? What land do they boast for their 

own ? [alone/" 

For 1 doubt he hath scarcely come hithtni'ard fiLrtog aloot ami 
Answering spakesi thou, Eutnarus the wiirdur of fiwine: 60 

" As Couf-hiiig tbi^, dear son. shall suothΓα^t answer lie mine. 
He boastech Ihe fair wide isle of Crete for his fatherland -ho me ; 
And from city to city, he eailh, hatb he long been toeaed to roam ; 
For *twas so some power in the high heaven epua hb birth-tidc 

thiead ; 
And now from a galley of Thesprot m«n hath he hardly fled. 



Hit iDtipfiTfiffT» 


And is come to my bomcstead^ Into thine bitnds do I give iuni£, 

ird fliou 
Do «nih him as st^meth Ihec fjoodk for ϊιβ ifi thy euppiianl now." 

Aji<1 Tcltinxachua wjsc οί spirit to }ϊϊ™ made answer Of Aui : 
" £univu!i» lltt; tiling thou hu;it spukcn hath fiUt^d my ϊυυΙ wiiU pdiu. 
Should Che stranger Jodge in mine hou^e in thU iti t^vil plight ? y^ 
For mysoll um aa yet but young, and mine hAndt aco but scant q{ 

To withstand ά man, and to ^luell lh« kindM wrnth of a Cbft. 
And still IB the heart oi my mother wavering to and fro. 
Aye doubting whether to tarry with mc anifto keep mioe boUMi 
Having respect to the voice of the fulk ^nd Llic led of liej upou^ie, 
Or siTfltghtway to yield to be btide to the noblest man and ibe beiti 
Of the princes tliat come to woo, and whose nfiftfi o\'eTpafi& Ui© rest. 
ΙϊυΙ the ^ucfit that vt come to thine house, he »ha11 turn not empty 

away : 
1 will clothe him ic manttd and tunic-vest, right seemly array; 
And Λ two ed^od sword will 1 (^ivc, and sandal ehoe&lor hi&ioeUBo- 
And will send him whiUier his hcarL viilK even as seemetli hlnii 


But thou, if thou wdt, shall harbour him here tiy garth and stall, 
And hb r&imcnt shall not be lackinj; ; his food. I will ^cnd it aU, 
That Lo thee and thy fellows my ^ue^t iimy bo nouihu bui lieahome. 
But thJth^T amidst the suitors [would not have him come ,^— 
For their insolent pndo ϊε mad, and for non• are they wont to ro* 

fraici ; — [and pain : 

Lest they scoff at the strangefi and mine should he helplesii Uiamtt 
For a hard thing is il for one, be h« never so valiant, alone 
To withstand a host, seeing many be nii^'hticr far than one/* [90 
Then godlike OtlyHaeus lheioibwuiuajiswciii](i luuk tip the word : 
" Dear friend, I cannot but spealf my mind of that I have heaid- 
My very heart is galled and indignation -stir red {dona 

Dy the ule of the outrage and wrong that the insolent suitors have 
Γη ihini? hall» ii> thy despite, and ihou so goodly a onel [folk 

Say, with ihine own consent art Ihou thus overborne? Have thy 
Ueen driven to hate thee by some riiro word that ha oracle spoke ? 
Have thy brethren failed Ihee t%t need ? — fci luen be wont lo fely 
On the battle-nid of such when the warsiirge lo^seth high. 
Oh would ! were young as thoLi, and my spirit, as new, on lir^l 
Oh to be son of the noble Odysseua ! Oh that thy sire too 

Might rcluiu from his wandering Ϊ — ftir my hope not yet is dead. 
I would not gains^iy that an ouiiand foe smote off mine head, 
Save into the halls of Odysseus Laertes' son 1 camo Uhame. 

With vengeance and bale for all that have wron^ht tbeae deeds of 
But if by a host I were nuistcred, one lighting a^^ainsl a horde, 
Far liefer were 1 to die in mioe own halls slain by the eword. 
Than lo looli on mine household's ruin, the deeds of shatnc and 
On the buffeting of ihcfctiangcr. tbcbtndmaida halod along [wioc^, 


of ^omtr 


By shameful bands, while llie fair halls echo the lecher's Eread^ 
Oa thedrunkird swiUing the vrios acd the glutton ilevourinR the 

bread, I to 

Pgr the e^oal that shall cover be won, for the woib that iJi^ll nevex 

be sped." 
Aoewerod uid ap^e TeJemachus wi«« in gpint, α,οά aoiiai 
"Siiaiigts. herein will I iclJ the uttcrniost truth unto thee: 
It JE not (hat ihv fulk are at j^tl writ h-kiridleJ to hatred of me, 
Kor XhAi brethren haive failed me at need, on whom men wonl to 
For their bnttle-md» whensoever Ehe wAi-suige tosaeth high* [rely 
For thus h<ilh the Κ>ιι of Kionos narrowed oqr line υοΐϋ uJie : 
ArkriMiLS bftgai one son, Laertes, sind Kim alone; 
And Laertes begat bat Odys^iift: Odyi£«ii^ begat one son. 
And he left me here in hi» halls ere he lasted a father's joy. ιϊο 
So thai foes unudinbGred have eulured his house to waste^nil destroy. 
For all the chieftains that nile m the ifiUnds lying around. 
DulLchmriif Sa.m£, Zncynthus moreover, the fotest crownedi 
And all the princes that dwell iii Itb^ca'a ntgged itle. 
All these rome wooing my moihi^r ι the house Iheyflevocir and spcnl i 
And she neither refu&eth the hatef^il marriage^ nor yet can £he end 
Their wocing ; and ever the wealth of mine bouse do they recklesiljr 

spend ; 
And soon these ravening lieasfs shall turn upon me and rend. 
But in fiooih on the knees of the Deathless the issue of all this 1ΪΜ> 
But haste Ihec, father, and say to Pcoclop£ passing; wise ijo 

That safe I am anil s^^nnd, and leturned fieini Fylos horne^ 
Bot myself will abide here yet, %nd hither again shalt thou come. 
Her tell thou — none other; take heed no Achcran beside shall know* 
For compassed 1 am with many a Iriitor and many a foe." 

Then thou unto him, Eiim»ns the swiiipbeid, madest repVyt 
'* I know it ; nor witless nor slow to undersland am I. 
But answer me this, I beseech thee, and wh:tt is thy pleasure say : 
Shall I go to L^ettes the woe-tiddeii dso with tidings tO'day ? 
For so lon^ :is he grieved for Odysseus, albeit hii gHef was great. 
Yet looked he unto the lands, and was wont to drick and to eat 140 
With his thralls in the house, whensoever the thing to his heart 

ieemed good. 
Bat ence thou wentest to Pylos over the salt seaeood. 
He hath had no heart to eat and to diink» men «ay. any more, 
Neither to look to the lands ; hut he sitteth mourning sore 
With sighiug and gioatis. ^nd the fte^h fiom his bones is wasting 
Then nnto him did Telemacbni wise in spirit say : [away." 

■' U is hard : yet awhile let be, for all our sonow and pain ; 
For if all might win with the wi^hin^; the thinfjs for the which they 

are fair. 
Of all things iit^t would I choose my father» home-coming day. 
But when thou hast loM my mother, afield thou shalt not stray 150 
To tcIJ to Laertes the tidio^ ; but spe&k to my mother, Aad siy 


U6c ΦδρσσΓρ 

BOOK xvi,^ 

ThAt she send her tie war dess -handmaid swiftly and secretly; 
And 3he shall tdl to the ancient the thirds conceming mc/' 

Now riselh tbs swineherd in ba&te, and liis sandals lakclh he, 
And under bis fe«t hath he braced, and ts gone to the hall by tb• 
Vet did not Eum^eus escape in departing Athene's eye; \sest. 

But the Goddess ia woman's shape to the lonely hut drew mgb. 
As a woman lovely and tall, and in marvellous footri'WDjk wise ; 
And she stood in the poichwayhall, and was seen of Odysseus" eyes. 
But nothing Telemachus knew of her t^oming, norsawheriace; i6o 
For the Gods arc seen but of few, nor reveal ihcm to all men's^^i^t:. 
But the awftil presence divine the banJogs also espied, | iide. 

Nor barked, but with low scared whine Red they to the garth's ίατ 
And she si^'ncd to him, bending her btovf, and Odys^us the Goddo» 

kpew; [wall, 

And he went forth out of the hall, and he pasfied hy the great garth- 
And he standcth before her now, and her voice is thrilling hun 

throLigh ; 
" Ο 2eus" and Laertes" seed, Odysseus shiftful at need. 
Now to thy son shalt thou leU ihe word, and hide it not, 
That ye for the death nnd doom of the suitors may weave you a plot 
Ere ye go to the far-famed cjty ; and I, even I, wili suy lyo/ 

Aloof from your side not long ; for ΐ thirst for the battle-fray," 

Then Athene with wand of gold did the hero's body smite ; 
And α fair-washed mantle's fold and a tunic of dye-hufis bright 
Were aiound liis breast ; and he grew maris statdy and blooming- 
young ; 
And darkened the ashen hue of age, and his jaws wAxed lone 
That were toothless erst, and the hair dark-elvatcring clothed his 

Then back doth Athene fare, and Odysseus pas^th within, 

And he stood m the lowly place, and Us son vns filled with amotfc i 
And his eyes from the sight he withdrew, for he deemed Chat n God 

he saw: fifw» : 

And he spake, and the winded words flew from lips that panted with 
'* Other thou seemest to me, ϋ stranger, now than before, [i8o 

And other thy raiment, and wriiikled with etJ is tliy skin no luorc. 
Sur* thou an one of the God^ that dwell in the halls of :he skies ! 
Be gracious, that so we may offer acceptable sacnftco 
And golden gifts fair fashioned ; and spare us now, I pray." 

Then did Odysicus. the man of tbe manifold troubles, say : 
" No God am 1 : deem t>ot that The Deathless are such as [ ; 
But 1 am thy father, for whom thine heart in pain doth sigh 
While the blasts of s^lHiction madden, the waves of wrong licathigh/' 
Then kissed he Ms son, while he rained duwn his cheeks the rears 

in a shower tgo 

To the earth,^he had sternly constrained his heart and his eyes 

till thai hour. 
But Telem^tchus spake, because noi yet CDuld big sotU believe 


d( ^onwr. 


That hU very falbef it was, so strange was the Mug to receive ; 
*»Thau art not, ihou art not Oi-lysseus my fjiiherl — a God doth oisl 
A κ^απιοΐΐΓ upon me, to w^telnii n^e in wreichedness deeper at last* 
For Jicvor could mitid of mortal ni&n 3ijch a thing deviw 
Aloae, save a Gud himself came down from the height of the skies 
To caLi^ ihAX Λ man sTiouId he old or young, as hini^df should 

desire ; 
For a liltic Agcno thou wast old, aod appareUcd ία evil attiro; 
But now art thou tike to the Gods in the bioad-arched heavtii that 

abide-" 3C0 

And Odysseufi the manifold- counselled made answer to him and 

■' Teleuiachus, ill it bc»eenielh thee over-a&tonieO to gaj^e [replied : 

On thy father cuiue back to his home, or to shame him with aoubt< 

ful amaze. 
For there shall not come hither ag^in any other Odysseus beside : 
But this that thou sccst is be. I have sufTeret!, have Aaudered wide; 
And again am Ϊ come in (he tweutterh year to my fatherland. 
Lo, this »fi the work of Athene ; lo, here is the Preytiivor's hand ϊ 
For she maketh me even such as sccmcth her good, for she can. 
Yea, now she transfonnetU a wtghl la a beggar, and now to a man 
Clothed with the beauty of youth, and brave in goodly array, aio 
For easy it is for the Gods that in broud-aiched heaven bear sway 
To exalt or abase the dcathling, and who shall fheir will gainsay?" 

So sp^kc he, and &at hlni do^vn, and Teteoiachus now full fain 
Round hiB father his arras hath thrown, and he mourneth aud 

weepeth am a in > 
And a passion of crying upsprang in tlie hearts so mightily stirred ; 
More vehement -loud it rang than the scream on the mounrains heard 
When the eagles or vultures hnd the rook-ledge nest forlorn 
Of the callow brood that the hind from the cyry a^ hath borne. 
So wildly adoMU frotik their eyes did the piLcous tear-floods run , 
And the iunlighl had ^Ited from the skies long ere their lament had 

bocn done, 290 

But that (irsi the son refrained hinitand unto his father he spoke: 
'^ In what manner of ship, dear father, now have Ihe shipniin folk 
Broughl chee to Ithaca's shore ? What land do they boast for their 

own? [alone/' 

For I doubt thou hast scarcely come hhherward faring on foot and 

Answered and spake Odysseus, the toibtned hero di\'ine : 
Μ CODcerning this, dear son, shall soothfast answer be nilnep 
The galley -renowned Phaiacians brought me, who oft speed home 
Others» whoe'er to the far Fhsacian countiy come. 
In a swift ship Eay 1 asTeep wlien (hey broiight me over the wavej 
And in Ithaca set me down, and Elonons gifts they gave, 230 

Brass and gold in abundance, and tovcly-woven array : 
And in caves these things by [he grace of iheGndsIiehiddenawaj, 
Athene withal put it into mine heart to betake me bitherj 
That here tor the death of my foes we m^iy take wise counsel together. 


tirtir Φ^ί&ίΐξ 


Come now, lell over th^ nani^s of yonder suiiors to vnt^ ; 
Aod so shall 1 know hovt' miny and who mine onemies be» 
Th&t n^incj heart may fac« U» porti, and ponder therooo, nnd know 
Whctlier wi^ iwu hUuil be&bleftlonc to meet (lie foe, 
Or wbtriher iwere better to «ek imio others for hatfle-aid," [ϊ,^ο 
And T«Jemachiis prudent of gpirit answered hiK father, and uid : 
" λίχ father, concerning tliy mighly renown evermore I hear. 
How wise in counsel thou riI, how strong of thinu haitds with the 

«pear. [what hope 

But a groat thing and hard hast thou ssiiA : 1 am «tricken aghast : 
That two alona mih κ host of mighty men may cope ? 
For the band of f ha suitors is no poor ten : no, tiai twice ten ; 
But more, many mors; too soon sbaU thou know the tald of ihB 

Fifty and two have come from DLiLichmm's islo ovcrficas, 
AH ehosen youths; aix honcbmen moreover follow these: 
And from Saiu4 httherward gather spoilers twenty and four ; 
And Out of Zacynthus ore lords of Achicans twenty more ; 25c 
And of hlutca twdvc. each one ihc sua of a princely Hue : 
And with these is Medon ibe herald Cound, and the bard divine; 
Two henchmen moreover they have in the carver's myeiery ekillod. 
If we meet all thc^, when tiune halls with their multitude are 

Bitter and dread to thyself should the day of revenge beiide. 
But beihtnli thee wolf, if thou Icnowest of a^y avenget boaidci 
Who shall stauU to defend iis viith riglil gt^od will in the «vJl day/' 

Then did the godlike Odysseiis the ioiltried *inswer ind 4ay : 
■• Yea, i witi tell thee, and mark thou, and hearken to me with heed : 
Beihinlt thee» will Pallas and iieus Allfalher aufticc for our need ? 
Or hasi thou lieihoiiKht the<i yet of another Lhainpioa lic^ide ? " [ϊώϋ 

Then unio him Telemachus pru<ient of spirit lepl^d ' 
" Sou Ui I these thou oamest for champions, mi^htieut hetpeifi be (hey; 
Though afar up on liigb in the clouds they he iuttiu^;. yet thcee 

bear &way 
Over men that «odure for a little and Gods that abide for ay•/' 

Spake unto him Odysseus the godlike, the toil-tried, a^&in : 
" Be thou sure that for co loug reason xhoso iiii^fhtiest on^cs wiU 

refrain (the mi^ht 

From the desperate strifia, when the «lay of decision shall come, and 
Of the suitors is weighed against ours, and nuce balls are loud la-ith 

th« fight. 
But so soon as appeareth the dawn shall thou git thee home again, 
And s,halt mingle as heretoiore with the nrro^ant suitor train, {^170 
But after thee lo the city the swineherd shall guide mc tomom 
In semblaace like ta a beggar wretchei.] and eld-forloin. 
And if they shall evil-entreat me, this thy spirit must beai. 
And thy bosom must hide thy pain, how evil soever I fare. 
Though they drag me along by tbc £eet,aud cAst mc forth of the place, 


Of iotnfr. 


-looh cm, and rcfriin for 

Tboui;h Xhey hurl fit me whatso th&y wUI,- 

Sfiv« only 10 bid the madmen forbear ibe impicus d«ed, 

And lopJe^Ld wilb unan^ry wordi : — yet they w^Il aot hearken nor 

heed ; [the door. 2S0 

For the ύζγ of their docui U u1 hand, and the veageaDcc is Jiard by 
ThUtoo w^ll [ telJ thee, &nd thou ία thy boecen sbalt ponder it o'er : 
When Albcn£ the ii^cnifold counsellod ehall put it into mine heart, 
I wilJ ood unto ihuu with mine head ; tUou shall m^rk Jt, and pUy 

thy part. 
What wetpoDS soever of «ar in the halls of the palace lie, 
Thou shalt bear them away, and storo in tho nook of a chamber 

Leave rtaue behind ; and a gnilefiil answer nf soh words frame, 
When the ^uilgrs shall mi&5 th«ir sheen, Λοό shall ask thee touchia^; 

the same. [more 

• I have taken ihem out of the smoke/ sa)r thou, *for Ihey seem n» 
Like those thai Odysseus left when he sailed for the Trojan shore. 
But marked, wheresoever the wreaths of the Are-reek wf^nt to roll ; 
And .mother fear aitd a g^reatcr Κτι>πίοη bath put in n^y 5o\\l, [^99 
Le%l peichaticc ye be heated with wine, sind ye bieak into strife and 

jar, [mat; 

And ye wound one another, and shatne the teosc, and your wooini^ 
Foi a spell to draw men on hath tlie steel i^i Che liaC tie-gear/ 
But for us two set fhou aside two swords, and for each a spear, 
And bucklers twain of the tough bull hide fL>r the grasp of our hand, 
That at need wc may rush and scir^ them ; but as for the suitor hand, 
AllienuaudZeuNshHllbefuoI their haartu.aml ihccyeioi ihein blind. 
This too will 1 tell unto thee ; thou «tore it de«p in thy mind : [300 
If thou Alt my son. and tri <I«ed Eind in truth of mv blooc^ anconti 
Bcwaic lest any man hear that OUy^^us ia found In his home. 
L«l cot l./aerle^, ror yet rlie swineherd, Ire tuld of rue» 
Nor yet of the hou^u-carJ«fi any, nor even Penelopi. 
iJul thou and I nlouo will know of the women'a miod; [and And 
And concerning tlie hearU of the chralla will wc search out also, 
Wheiher iinywhere lAny be leff to hold U4 in honour and dread, 
And who careth not, but de&piseth thee in thy goodliheud. " 
Then did hia i^lorious ion make answer lo him and eay : 
" My father, J ween thou ^lialL know iiime hcmt in the coming day 1 
For 1 have nr>t a soul r^ih-wiiied, my lips are used to be reined, ya 
But of this last thing that thou said^t shall none advantage be gained, 
But rather for both of us harm ; and I bid thee coimt the cost : 
Pol in leArning the minds of thy servants &hall many λ dny be lost 
As thou passes! aboni thy lands, and the robbers in haU at their ease 
Devour, and the lawless waste unshamed hath tio surcease^ 
But concerning the Vfonicn-folk, 1 would bid thcc mark and be sure 
Who art? they that do ihee tlishtmour, and who cf the s:u are 



XLit CDli^Mtj 


But I would Dot that, trying the meDi from stcaiJing to steading we 

wenJ ; 
But deal with them after, and bnn^ the great work HrsC to Λη end, 
If thou haaC sure tokens that Zeus the Aegis lord is thy friend/* 320 
Sotlieic of thctidefiitC'fraiighl and the deed communed these two. 
And the galley goodly- wrought anigh unto Ithaca drew, — 
The keel that from Fylos sailed with the prioce and his shipraon- 

band,— [chaixndled bay : 

Aud she swept lound the headlaud, and lay at rest iu the decsp- 
And the glad spa-farer& h^led the black ship high on the sand. 
TheD cotne the henchmen tall, and their war-geai thence thay bear ; 
And they caity to Ciylius' halJ the gifts exceedine ^^^^• 
To ihf? halls of Odysseus thfi king a herald strai^hiv-'ay hies, 
Tidings of joy to bring to Penelopi passing'Wise, 
How ihat aheld U her son ; but Ihe gail&y by his bohosl 330 

To the city balb hied neht on. lest with leiior-haunted breaat 
Tha.1 lady of hi^h-bom lint sl»ould weep and weep evermore- 
And It fciJl thai the warder of evnne and the herald met at tho d^^or ; 
For the sclf-s&ino tidings of good to the queen did tbe&e twain bringp 
And ^o, when the feet of them Mood in the halls of the i^odlikekm^. 
The herald uplifted his voice in the midst of the handniaid-Hain: 
"ϋ Lady and Queen, rejoice, for thy aon is tome home again."' 
But ihu swineherd, drawint; near Eo PenelopA, told her there 
All things whatsoever her dear &on gav'e him comnmDd to declaic. 
And when he had ended ail that message of comforting words, 340 
He left the garth and the hall, and he gat him hack lo his hcrds- 

Dut the suitors — baffled sptte and amazement nEled each breast : 
And oiTt of the hall forthright and ihe great court-wall they pressed ; 
Ther« gathered the hero's foes, and before Ihe gAtcs sat they. 
And the son of Polyhus rose, and Euijniachus 'can hia say: 
" Lo friciids, how Teleinaclius now bath defiantly done ihc deed ! 
LO| now is his joumey accomplished T— we deemed ihaf he never 

should speed. 
Come, launcli we (ho best of the galleys, and man it with fishotmen 
To bear them it mc^ss^gc with speed that they Jiaslcn humcward 

again." [turned, 350 

Vet were the words on his lip when by chance Amphinomus 

And behold, ihcsuitors' ship in the deep* channelled Ijay he diaccmed; 

And the sail were thi^ shipmen taking in, and the oarv^ wuic they 

plying : 
Then into a hghl laugh l;>re.iking he turned to his fellows, crying ; 
'* No need that we send any nie5S<ige, for b» they are come agauil 
Some God hath told them Ihereof, or the ship tied past amain 
FuU i» Ih^ tight, and they laboured to overtake her in vain." 

Up roae the suitor-crew» and they hied them adown to the strand : 
And they todted with the sbipmes, aiid drew the black ship up on 

the sand : 
And Ike heocbmcn haughty -hearted the arms from the galUy b^re. 


of feowrr. 


Tq Ά folkinotc ths suitors departed, and suiTered doqu othor tbctc 360 

To sit, nor aged fclk, nor yel of the young man ane. 

And to them Aatinous Bpokc, Eupeilhet' JawJeas eoa : 

*' Out on it F how have tho Gods drawn this man's foct from the net I 

Day after day on the wind/ height were our watchers set, 

Qn« after other, till sank the sun and the last tight f;tiled. 

Even then we took not out rosC OQ tho land, but we sailed and sailed 

Through tlic night on the dreary-wo I taring sea till the dawn of the 

For Telemachus luTkmg in wait, with purpose lo take him and filay. 
Vet ^c\y a God hath brought him home in spicc of cur hatc- 
Howheii, bere foi Telcmuchus plan we a biHcr fate ; 370 

And let him not "scape us a second time ; for never, I ween, 
While he i£ alive shall the go^i of our hearts' desire be seen ; 
Fcr himself in counsel and understanding is cunning and keen. 
And Ibt hearlsof the pecipleaienol with iisnijw, a^er^^t it hattibaea. 
Bur come now^ or ever he gnthet together the island-folk — 
For I trow he will not pass by our deed^, nor his wrath will be cloak. 
But in fury will rise in the midst of them all, and will bare our plot, 
And will fell bow we wove him a murder-web and prospered nol. 
Ard they, when they hea.r of our evil deeds, will now:se praise. 
Beware ye, lest they requite om our heads the evil, CLcd chase 380 
AJl LL5 from our land, and we come to a strange folk far away. 
Let us first take him aheld aloof from the cily, and slay. 
Or else in the way ; and his living and goods shall be ours that day• 
Wc will part them* ^nd share them amongst ourselves; and give 

wc his house [spouse- 

Tc the stripling's mother— nay, rather to him thai shall l>e her 
But and if my counsel be dl in your ^ghti aitd it pleiisetb vou rather 
That he abil live on, and keep whatsoc er appertained Co his father, 
Then miiy we no louger devour at our pleasure the best of bis ^tare, 
Gaiherin^; hither ; but each man, hatinting the palace no more, 
}Aa%i woo hcT in courtly wtse with h;s gift», until she sbiill wed 390 
With the mil" who laviahclb mo^t, aiid whocometh destiuy-lcd," 
So the lierce voice ceifted ; and ettll sat the rest, and awhile none 

That silence heavy and chul. till at last vVmphinomus spoke, — 
The hero that Nisus begal, and Aielias' grandson was be, — 
Who out of Duhchinm's fat wheat-land and pasture-lea 
Led forth a suitor- throng, and b« pleased Penelop£ best 
In the words that he spake with his longxic. for thai wise were the 

thoughts of his breast ; 
So with kindly intent to the young men now his rede he ^uddressed : 
■■ Friends, I were loth to murder Telemachus: fearful 1I is 
To slay seed royal ; cnqmrc we first of the Gods touching this* 400 
And if mighty Zeus's oraclrs caiinsel us not to spare, 
I will kindle the others thereto, acd myself will be foremost there, 
But and if they shall turn ue aback from thedced» 1 bid you forbear/' 


ΈΙίϊΓ Otifffflfp 


So tlid Ampbmoinvis say, and bis c^ounKl pleased e^di one ; 
And passing thence away to Odysseus' hfill aie Ihey gone; 
And enleniig Ibere fiat Ihey upon couch and pshsh^d throne. 

But Penciopi pRssing-WiSc hath another thing yet to do. 
To appear befoic the ttyes of ihtt inisi^lent su^tof-crew ; 
For ihetale had been told in her ear« how ih«y plotted her d«ar son'* 

bane : [thd word. 410 

For MedoQ the herald, who heard tlieir counsels, had biou^hl hci 
To the hall, goaded cm by her fears^ ^vent she idth her handmaid- 

She came to the icAstin^-plncc of the suitors, that lady divine ; 
And she stood by & column Ιΐίΐΐ of the ^oodly'fa&hioued liall. 
Holding in frrmt nf her face her headvei! diiniy ;ind hne^ 
And her vcicethiough the halbhush thrilled .is hw indif^nAtion spoke: 
'^Antiaous, insolence- uUed ! thou plotter of evil ί -^the folk 
Say ihflt of all thy peers mo^t noble thou art arid wis^ 
in counsel and wi^om of words— thou noble ! who snys 3o, li» I 
Madman, and why art thou weaving the web of murder and doom 
For Tele machus, neither TegArdestlheEuppliants, wit&cbs fcr wltom 
Is Zens } — it is impious lo fashion thy fellow* a garment of woe ' [440 
What, knowest thou not how thy Either came hither in di^ht long 

Fleeing a nation of foes, having kindled the flame of their wiath ? 
For he joined him with Taphian rovers, and went on ihe sea-robber*' 

Ina raid on Thcsprotia^£ folk, and in lea^e with my people were Ehe^* 
Tberefore ihey fain would have slain hhn. yeii, lorn his heart avay. 
And have parted bis wealth, and devoured his posseseioaa many uid 

But Odysseus held tbenf in check, ^d be bridled their furioiib mood• 
His house dosi thou shame and devour, his wife art ifaou wooiD|r_ 

ah me 1 f43<» 

Hia son wctuldst thou slay ; and ]« I have anguish of spirit of tbee. 
1 bid tliee refrain thee» and speak to the res! th^t they also refrain/* 

And to her Kurymactius, Folybus' son, made answer ngaiB? 
** Ο child of Icarius' line, Penolopfl passing-wise, 
Be thou of good cbeer, and banish tne dread on thy heart ibal li««. 
For tbexe lives not the man, neithci shall l)c, there li^all not he bom 

such an one 
That shall dare to lift up his hand on Tclemachus thy son. 
So lon^ as I am alive and look mi the U^hi of the day. 
For this do 1 promise, and surely ful tilled shall be that which 1 say; 
That man's dark blood on my spear shall quickly be streaming 

adown ; 
For verily often Odys.seu» tlie waster of tower and ttiwo 440 

Set me a child on his knees, and he put in these hands of mine 
Roaat dainties, and held to my lips the leaker cf rose Pushed wine. 
Wberalofo of all men Tolcmachns most to mine heart is dear, 


of ^omtr. 


Aad ΙιΪ5 dcrath fiom the ^Lihors' hands I bid thee in no wbe fcai : 
Bui tliaf from the Gods may none of iis shun when il comelh aneai." 

Cheering hct thus did he &ay, while he plotted hor darlings doom- 
And the lady passed away to her shtnkig upper room ; 
And tiiere f«t the dear day^dead and the lαΛ■cofOdyssΓUS she wept. 
Till Athena the ^eep-dews ^hed oc her sorrowful eyes, and she sl^pt. 

Λβ Ihe sua sank low in ihe wesl came the jiodliltc swiooherd 

again 450 

To ihe king and hi^ san^ aa they dr<?ssed them thetr supper : and 

now had they slain 
A youn^ swine, tender and ^ood : — hu( inddcDly there dotli stand 
Athi^nc, as erst she ^to^d, and she toucheth che king vnih her WBcd. 
And Odysseus Laertes' son is again as Rn oM man grown, 
And he hath vile raiment upon his limbe, that he may not be known 
When l)e rneetelh the swinehcid's eyes» Icat the πη&η should go and 
To Peuelopi passing-wise Ihi? thing il were good lo coQcealn [leveal 
Then first to the wnrder of swine Telemachus spaV'e \he word ; 
"Thou art come, Ο godlike Etinnocue : what news in the town hast 
thou heard ? [bftck, 460 

Have the haughty suirora home from their ambush by this ocimc 
Or still are ibey vraiting to cut tne off on the homeward trudc f *" 

Then thou unto him, Eum^cus the fwineherd, madc?st reply : 
" To ask and Co seek into this but linlc heart had I 
When ilowr to the city 1 hied me. My soul was exeeedtnjj fai». 
As soon as my messaRC was said^ to hasten hither again. 
But there met me another messenger sent by thy mates of the sea» 
Who told to ihy molher Ijefore iwe the tidings tonceming thee. 
This also have I to tell, for i saw the thing with mine eyes : 
It wfis just above the town, where ihe Knoll Herma*an doth riee. 
That, looking aback to the sea, 1 beheld how a swift ship tan ^70 
Inlo our haven, nnd ihronging the bulwailis was many a man ; 
It was laden with shields and with spears two- headed glearutng arow : 
A:)d J weened that these were the suitors, but nothing thereof do I 

Then smiled in triumphant wise Tclemachus' sacred niighT, 
To his lather turning his eyes, but shunning the swineherd's ^ighE- 
So when all thdr labour was wrought and the feast by this WAS 

They ale, and their soul lacked nought of the banquet equal -shared. 
So when they had put away the desire lor the wme and (he m«at. 
They tuEUed lo their re*t. and they lay, and received ihe sleep-gifi 


ΐ@ο^ Φli^m\ss tamt to W Wis in gutcr oC α bFSffar. 

■TH Ε Rosy-ficgercd smiled ihroiigh the folds of the mists of the 
* niglil -. 

And Telemachus, deaT'toved child of Odysseus the gcdiike wight. 
His bGJtutiful sandals placed 'n&ath hiafeet, and the thongs he braced; 
And into hi* hands did he take the strong familiar spe^i, 
Bound for the town ; and he spake Ά word in ihc swiuchRfd's enr : 
" Father. I go to the city now, that my mother again 
M&y look on my face, for 1 know full well that she will not refrun 
From woeful lamcot and wail, and from shedding of tears for me, 
Ere she see my very self. Now this is my hest unto thee : 
ThUElranger forlorn shall thou thitherward guide, to beg b:s in«at το 
In the streets of the city, and whoso will shall give him to eat, 
The pittance of crust and cnp ; but I cannot in any wise 
Hatbour and feed aJl strangers, the while en mine heart grief lies. 
Let the stranger bo wroth as he will, himself shall bear the smart ί 
I will glozc QoU neither dissemble: the truth is dear to minehoftrt."' 

Answered aud spake Odysseus, τη manifold counsel Iried : 
'^ Nay» friend, I deeire not myself in the house of thy thrall to abido. 
Bolter it ia in the city to beg from door to door 
Than afield, ^nd whoso U wilting shall give me to eat of his stotc ; 
For nf»w am I all too old to abide by garth and stall. ao 

And hither and hither to f^o at a master'^ beck and call- 
Vca» go, and as thou commandest ^hall thi^ man brini^ mc on, 
So «ooaas the fire shall have warmed nio, and earth be aglow with 

the san, — 
For my raiment is pas^ng vile^^le^t Eho frost cf the dawning day 
Break down my stieugth : for the city, ye tcJl me, is Ε»γ away/' 

So he spake, and Telemachus passed through the ganh, ami was 
ciiy wards i^one, 
Spc^dini; hi& feet full fast, by bia thoughts of revcrigc spurred on. 
Aud when he was come tc the fair-placed patRcc, ihe stately hall, 
He leaned the spear that he bare a^nsi a column fall : 


^it flJligefffj of ^omrr• 


And in iturough tlio mighty doi>r o*er the threshold of ntonc hatli he 

hied, 30 

And him, &4 he «nlerod, before the r«fti Eurycteifk espied. 
As th« thick-curled Jlocc^ she spread om the cunamgt/ coiven 

(hixjDcs ; 
Ard wieefiog lo mfifii him she sped, and ftround hini the oth^r ones. 
The mai3a of Qdysgeus the Icin^> tho steadfast -heu.r ted, pressed: 
And with kisses of welcoming his shoulders and head they C4[cssed< 
Now forth of her l)awei haih gone Penclopi pa^^ini^'^ise, 
Lnvply as AnemiSr or as Aphroditt th* golden. 
And she casteth around her son fond ^rma, with atrctimmg cyMI 
And hi& bcautifvil eyc^ doth she kiss and hih head m tier clasp cn- 

foldcn ; [miuna and sigh^ ; 40 

And the winged words brake from her lips, and she spake with 
^'Tbou nit oome, Telemachus! light of mine eyes Τ I had thought 

To Ijehok] tliy face, when the galley had borne thee to Pylos' shore 
Id ftecret a^^iinst my will, to bear of thy sire wcllJoved- 
Ο tell me, host sucn hiro at all in the Jaodn whcrcnnto thou batt 

io<ved ? " 
Then unto her wl^e^witted Telemachui answering spake : 
" Prithee, my mother, upraise no voice of lainentini;. aor sliake 
The Mrcngth of miao heart who have 'acaped dcatruction sudden 

and dire. 
Bm bathe ch^ s«lf, and ai^ay thy body in stainless attire, 
WherithouwUh thine handmaid train hast gone to thine upper room ; 
And vow nrjto all the Gods lo ofTer a hecatomb, 50 

If Xeii5 will Lrrant rhat a recompense Μίτη on the guilty may fall- 
Bat I to the fottmoie stead am going, to bid to mine halL 
Λ stranger who fared with me when I sailed from Pylos* shorc^ 
lllin wiih my godlike coniiades sent f on before ; 
And Ϊ bade Peirarus rake my giiesi mih hirn^lf to hi« hom«, 
And kindly entreat him, and honour, til] I urom the fiM should bo 

come." TQnccn ; 

Anii his word of wei^;hl not lighl-wingeil fleJ by the oars of the 
Bui she bathed herself, and £he dtghr her body τη raimont dean ; 
And to all l3io Goda she vowed to olfer a hecatomb, 
If Zeus wouldreri^^itcon ihcproudoppicssor a vcDgcance-doom. 60 

Then fonh Tdemachus hicil from the palare of pilUrrd pddr, 
Spear in hand to the folkmote- place, and fats fleet hounds followed 

hi« ttcixa ; 
And uver bjm h^-avenly grace did Palbs Atheni «hcd. 
And with wonder iind worship the crowd buht^ld aa anigh he drew ΐ 
Then gathered arouiKl him the proud-couled euitora, the traitoroua 

crew, (the heart: 

Vk'iui Uit soft words on the tongue, but with blacknes» of ^Ite In 
And with ]oaihlji|; he iiimed from the throng of Hare, and gat him 


^90 £^bptf9rp 

DOOlt XVlt 

Where MentOT was ailtiH]^ beside Halitherees and Antiphus, Ihey 
'ihjLi had been true conirades and iricd of his sire in ^ ^on;; p^l 
da/. [of thjLt ; 7g 

Tbithrr went hcj and sat him down, ecd ihey a^ked him of ihk atfed 
And Peiritis of Epear-renown drew near umo where ihese sat, 
tirin^cf; his prophet ^c^t through the town io th& follfmotc-stead t 
Nor aloof <lid Tdeiuachjs bide, bat Jie cantc to Ihe stiB.nger's &i<Jk, 
And iirsl Parous addT«sed to the prince his speech, and he άϊ6 ι 
" Telemat^hus, Read with speed to mme house of thy handmaid-lTAiD, 
And th& gifts that the King Menclana ^^vc will 1 scad Ihce again.*' 

Aaswered and spaJtc uuto him Telemachus prudent in mind : 
'* Peiripus, we know not as yet what end tbtse things &haU find. 
Now if so it beiail that the amtors sluy me by murder- si viiJtb 
In raino halls, and divide amongst them all my father's wealth. 80 
I would have thee ketp them, i;Ltbtr Ihan any of ihese, and enjajr : 
Rut Λτίό if I «hall mete to my foes Iheii Γ«ν.-ί).Γΐί, and in deith d«£iroy, 
Glad fihnJt thou bring them to me in my tnumphot baniehedinooy," 
Then turned he and gat hiin home with the stranger trcuulc- 

iriel : 
And so soon as the twain weie come to the palace of btateLy pride, 
Their mantles thnydofT, and on chair and couch t hoy lay them > and 

Into the Uvers fair with the iheen of the polished hrasK, 
So when each had been bathed of iho maidj and anointed with uo- 

guent rare, 
In tunics were they unnyed and in mantles warm for wear. 
And forth of the bath are they gone, and they sit upon cou<h Aod 

throne. QO 

And the bright spring^water waft brought by a mftideoi and poured 

from a ewer 
Golden, beiautifuj wrojght, into laver of ailver pure. 
To w*ah withal, and ihe spread a table of polished sheen 
Beside them, and ΐ«Γτ'«Α was the bread by the stewardess modest 

of mien ; 
And the Loaid tihc covered o'er with iiainlii*^^ the best of her stores 
Auil hia mudier aal face Eo lace wilh her son, on a couch rcclirLiA^ 
By a hroad liall-piUar's base, her delicate woobthieads iwimng- 
And they put forth their baoJs for to eat of the meats on the board 

that lay ; 
But whcij llw decile tif meat and of drink wa* clean done am^y, 
Unto ihem Pvnelopf pas&ine'wisf full mournfiiny v-iid : 100 

" My aon, to my bower will 1 go, fmdmy limbs will J layoomybedlt 
The couch that b thrown but a couch of sighs for the weary heartod» 
Ever made wet with my tears since the urty tliat OdyTiNctia dq>art«d 
With the eons of Achaia to Troy :— but thou, thou wilt not deign. 
Or ever thia hou»c be thronijcd with the insolent tmtorCraio, 
To teU iuc toiiLUijiu^ thy father's Tctorning, if aught tliou hasi 

heard Η " 



ot toomrr. 


And to ber wi»e*wUl«d TelernA^hus ausneiiDg spake llic word : 
"Mother mine. 1 will lelllhtf itLtli from lieginuiirg^ro eniltiiila Tht*^^, 
We ^led, and to Nestor the shepherJ of Pylo»' foUc came we, 
And inc in his hijLfb'built baUs did tbc ancient hero greeti no 

Ami kiodly enlTcal, Λϋ a &iie to his ioa givatb wekouic swoal, 
Wh^n he romes from a/ai long-loF-t, even 50 with heart and hand 
Dili the old kme welcome me> he »no bit sons, a gloricue UaaJ, 
Bui cviKi^nimjj Odysseus the pat ient -hear led « never» he «aid* 
Had be bf^ard any eailh-abkJer speak of hini livii)^ or dead* 
But unto the spc^r-reoowned MeneUne, Aireus' eon, 
Bv horses and chariot goodJy- wrought did ho eend me on. 
Treic looked I oD Helen ibe Afg^i^c» her for the sake cf whom 
Argive and Trojan mightily strove hy The high Gods' doom. 
Then asked Menelaus (he b:ttt1e-£h outer, the heEo-kiog^, ijo 

\A'hcrefore t came unto ta'ir LacedEcmon jounjeyiaft ; 
And I tuTd him cf all mine ftfilklicrn, 1 hid not anylbing. 
And therr-to with the words of his mouth he spake, And he tnade 

■ Ο shame ! — and these be the men that arc fain in the couch to lie 
Of a hero niighty'heartptl.— and Ihey sucb a dastard throTi^ Τ 
II is even as when a hind in tbe lair o/ a ϊϊοη sirong 
Layeth her new-dropt lawns, her tender youngiingB» asleep ; 
And she tracketb the dccp'^rassed dells and the spurs of the moun- 

Eaia< steep. 
Cropping Ihu pa^lure, the while that Lton returns to bi>& lair, 
And dealetb iho woahbng uivadcrs a ghastly destructxjn there ; 130 
So tinto theiit shall Odysseus «i ghastly de^tEuctlon beat, 
Ο Zcits Allfalher, Athena, Apollo, that this might befall. 
That Uke es he was when ^rowbile by Lesbos^ stately wall 
lie stood up with Philomelcidcs in dcGpcratc w re-s τΐϊ η ί;- strain ■ 
And Qiighttly east him duwn, thai all iLv Acbafac!! weie iaio*-^' 
Ah, in such wise if Odyssaus amidst of tbc suitors were seen, 
Swiit would Ibo doom of them all bct bitter tho bndait J ween Τ 
And as touching the lhiti|: for the which thou prayosi. and bJdftt me 

J will cheat ihee not, nor speech of evasiou shall answer thy prayer; 
But even Ibo things that the j^rey Sea-ancient spake unto me, 140 
Nu wcjid of IbeJU alt wjU I covd , nor hide them away fi urn thuts 
In *n island, said he, had he seeri him filricker with mrghty woe, 
la tbe balls of Calypeo the nymph ; and she will not let him gOi 
And be cannot escape h^orn inence, nor tgIutu to bin fatherland ; 
No galley witb oais hath he, aeilher arms of a trusty band. 
To speed him away over tong-ndging rollers of misty sea." 
1 bus Atreus" son, Menelaus the spear (amcd» spake unto me. 
So 1 ended myf|ucsi, and returned: and a breeze the Deathless gave. 
And they wafted tcie back to my fathcrliiiJ swiftly over the wave," 
So he spake ; in tbe sad Queen's breast her heart was moumfully 

£tirred: 150 


^^t ]uDlip00r;> 


But the godlike prophet addressed to their ears ft comfortiiig word : 

**0 wife of Odysseus LaeiCes' son> Ο Queen adaredt 

He kooweil» no: — hawshoiiM he know ? — but he»i thou this from ra©! 

ShwT Irulh wilJ 1 proph&sy, I will hide no whil from thee. 

Be&r witne^ Zcua, above ^ll the Gods, and the guest-foiii board, 

And Lhc hearth whcreuuto 1 am come of Odysseas the piinceJy Ion 

That Odysseus is now in the land of his fathers in very deed. 

Biding his time, or astir, and of these wrongs taking heed, 

And ever for all ihe suitors he sowcth vengeance seed. [i\ 

I IcDOW by the au^ury^fowl that appeared by the ship to mine cycS 

Yea, I expounded it then to thy soti in the sel£same wise," 

Made answer to him PenetopU passing-wiso cf mind : 
" Ah Mrangcr, I would thy words might such an accomplish meat 

Then shci\ildst ihou know my kindnf-ss and many a gift from mo. 
So that happy shouIdaC thou be accounted of whoso met vt^thl 

So thi*y of Ihe thoughts of their heart were communing tog«ith< 

apart τ 
But in front of the hull? of the king Odysseus the suitor-crew 
Did the h III] ti^ig -javelins f^tn^ for tbeii sport, and the quoits ibt 

On thg level-beaten Hoor, where their indolence eret r^n hiRh. 
Till came thefeasting-houriandtho flocksof the sheepdrew nigh i 
From the uplands on ev«ry side, as many a time l>efore. 
Then MedoD the herald cried — for ever he pleaded them mote 
Than his fellows, and sat wUh the princes in hull at the feast am 

the bow) ; 

■■Now gallants, seeing ye all with contests have gladdened your «oiil,| 
Come away, for the banquet is dight, and the beostB are ready toj 

And in ^ea^oo to tastu of the feasL, I irow^ ΪΙ U nowise ill." 

So lerft they the athlete-game, and arose at the herald's call : 
And wbcn to the palace thoy came» the stately -standing tflU. 
They doffed tlicir mantles, and threw them down upon couch aai^ 

And goodly sheep they alew and fatling goats for their meat. 
And many a boar huge fed, and a pasture^fattoncd cow; 
And so was the banquet spread- Tiom the country citywards aow 
The King and Eumieus bestirred ihem lo set their feel or the way- 
But first a counselling word doth the swineherd -captain say l 
" Stranger, seeing thy purpose is set this day to be gone 
To tlie town as my piincc hath commanded — I wotild tJiOU ct 

still &Tay on, 
That here 1 might leave thee a trusty warder of ^arth And stalli 
iJut I fear lest my lord's upbraiding upon mine head slioultl Hall, 
If I heed not his best ; and who may the chiding of princes abide ?' 
Come now, let us go, for the axy is waning to eventide, 190 


of ^onur. 


And die cold shall be keener what time in the gloaming the ways 

was dim." [unto him : 

And Odysseus the manifold counselled made answer and spfttce 
" I l^now it — no dullard am ! to perceive and to comprehend, 
Yei, Let us gu, and thou shall giiide mtr through to the end. 
If thou has: some staff ready ciit, 1 beseech thee, give it to me, 
To prop mc withal, tor yc say that the path b slippery/" 

ThcD over bis shijuldcrs he lluug his unscotiiEy wallet forlorn^ 
Tattered and patched, by a Ihong of twisted hide upborne- 
And Eum3!U5 gave to his guest a sturdy staff for his need. 
So tbey w^nt, and the hounds and the rest tarried, guarding the 

stalls with heed, 200 

O'er the fell* as the swineherd preseed, to the city his king to lead, 
A bin^;, — but the semblance be bore of a befjgar forlorn that day» 
Old, beading wearily u'cr a staff, and in woeful arTav- 

But DOW, as fanog adowo llie Track of the rti^^ed way, 
Tbey w«re drawing anigh to the towoj to a fountain wrought came 

Where the bvdy wateie rolled whidi the folk of the tity drew : 
King Tthacus made ίΐ of ohi, ^ind princes had wrought ix anew. 
And round about it a wood of the nspen water 'growings 
A fair green circle, stood, and ndoivn w£ls the cool stream flowing. 
Flashing forth froni a crag cin high ; and above was the mossy scone 
Of an attar, and pu^sers^by laid gifts το Ibe nymph*^ thereon, [ΐΐο 
There to the tw^dn drew mgh Melantbins, DoUus' son. 
She-goats was he driving, the best tbat in all the flocks he might 

To be slain for the smtors" fea^t, atid his two men followed behind. 
And he marked as the wayfarers came, and he spalfc arailing word, 
A felon word of shame ; and the soul of Odysseus waa stirred : 
•' Lo now is the saying true, — one lugue is guide to atiolher. 
How the GchIs bring like unto lite, and brotlwr will still be with 

brother 1 
Whither, th(ju caitiff swineherd, art bringing this gluitoiioua beaat. 
This pestileni beggar, this cormorant hovering round the feast ? aio 
Agamsl full many a doorpost the sluggard's shoulder shall lean^ 
As be be^geth kir scraps, not swords, nor the caldron's bracen 

Now if thou wotildst give him to me to abide by Rirth and stall. 
And to sweep me the pens, and to bear green shoots to the kids, 

tKis thrall [awiU,— 

Should get him a mighty Ihigh of the whey-diaught^ be should 
Kot he*, he hath learm but the trade of the rogue ; he hath no will 
To work as an honest man, but crouchmg and cringing still 
He looketh by begging to lill the maw that nothing can lilL 
But I tell thee, and surely accomplished shall be this snying of mine ; 
If ever he come to the hall o£ Odysseus the hero divine, 230 

Many a footstool hurled at the butfeted sluggard's head 

224 Έ6ί iDDpMf? BOOK XVII, 

Shall glance from his ribs, from the hands of the proud hall- 
revellers sped," [wrath, 
Then OD the king did he leap as he passed, in the fool's blind 
Dashing his foot on his hip ; yet he stirred him not from the path : 
But UDStaggered remained his feet ; and Odysseus wavered there — 
With a bound should be reach him and beat out his life with the 
staff that he bare, [ground? — 
Or aloft in his grip should he swing him and dash his head to the 
Yet he reined in tus rage, and the thing he endured : but wrathfuUy 
frowned [skies ; 
The swineherd, upbraiding, and prayed, uplifting bis hands to the 
" Ο Nymphs of the fountain, daughters of Zeus, if in sacrifice 340 
Odysseus to you ever burnt the fat -enfolded thighs 
Of lambs and of kids, Ο grant this boon in our hour of need. 
That Odysseus may come to his own, that a God may the long-lost 

Then all that insolent pride should he scatter in disarray 
Wherein thine arrogance flaunts as thou gaddest day after day 
To the city, while evil shepherds destroy the flocks of thy lord," 
And Melanthius, herdman of goats, flung back the bitter word : 
** Gods ! how the dog speaks out, the villain mischievous- souled, 
The slave that ere long I will bear in a strong -t>enched black ship's 
hold, [350 

That my wealth may wax from his bondage from Ithaca &u- away- 
O that the sou by Apollo the silver-bowed this day 
Might as surely be smitten, or overborne by the suitor-band, 
As the father's home-coming day hath been lost in a ^-off land t " 

Then pressed be on before, as the^ fared unhastily. 
Full soon to the palace door of the island-king came he ; 
And he entered the pillared place, and he sat at the board with the 

With Euiymachus face to &ce, for the goatherd loved him best. 
And they that ministered spread before him his portion of meat ; 
And the stewardess brought the bread, and gave him thereof to 
But the hero ere long with his guide to the palace draweth anear ; 
Yet without for a little they bide, while a sweet sound thrilleth the 

As the glorious lyre-notes ring, for the bard their magic awaketh. 
Then speaketh the unknown ung — and the hand of the swineherd 

he taketh : 
" EumEEus, this bouse of Odysseus, stately and fair it is ; [were this. 
Though a thousand were clustered around it, the queen of them all 
Manifold are the buildings thereof, and around the great court-yard 
Is a wall and a cornice ; and lothe two-leaved gates strong-haired ! 
No man might lightly esteem it, or count it poor to see. 
And I know that there banquet within a goodly company ; [170 
For the roast-reek breathes, and falleth the melody- fountain-spray 

BOOK χνΐϊ. oC ^onuc. 225 

From the lyre, which the Gods have made the bride of the feast 
for aye." 

And thou, Eumasus the swineherd, to him madest answer in turn : 
" Hiou hast easily guessed, for in all things else art thou keen to 

But come, ^end, take we counsel how it were best done now. 
Into the palace stately -standing the first pass thou, 
And into the throng of the suitors» and here wiil I wait outside ; 
Or 1 will go in, if it please thee, and thou without shalt bide. 
Yet stay not long, lest someone should light on thee tarrying there. 
And should buffet or hurl at thee: wherefore hereof take lieedful 
care/' [afto 

And the godlike Odysseus the toil-tried spake unto him id reply : 
" J know it ; nor dull to perceive nor to comprehend am L 
Pass thou in first, and I will be left for a little alone» 
No stranger am I unto blows, to fear me for buffet or stone. 
My spirit is hardened : woes have I suffered many and sore 
By billow and battle : let this come too» it is but one more. 
Who bath found out a way to hide the belly's hungry rage. 
Whereby all mortals inherit a trouble -heritage ? 
Yea, for its sake are the strong -benched galleys made ready to go 
Over the harvestless sea to harry an alien foe." [290 

Thus they twain, standing anigh to the gate of the palace, said. 
But a dog that was lying thereby pricked ears and uplifted his head. 
It was Argus, Odysseus' hound ; himself had reared him of yore ; 
Yet or ever bis pleasure he found in the chase, unto Ilium's shore 
Was he gone ; yet the dog long ago with the young meo wont to fare 
Through the woodland pursuing the roe and the mountain-goat and 

the hare. 
But he lieth a cast^ff thing, — for far away now is the king, — 
Where in &ont of the doors the dung of the mules and the kine 
hrom the stalls [the thralls 

Had been swept in heaps and flung, till the time should come for 
To spread it forth on the tilth-lands broad of Odysseus the king. 
There lieth Argus in filth, all vermin- festering. [300] 

Yet now, as his dying eyes behold Odysseus appear. 
He is moving his tail as he lies for jov ; he is drooping the ear : 
But his strength is utterly gone, and he cannot crawl more near. 

And Odysseus looking thereon must turn him away; for the tear 
Sprang to his eye, but he wiped it unmarked of the swineherd, and 
" Eumxus, 'tis passing strange, this hound in the litter laid- [said 1 
Grand is his frame, yet what he hath been I do not know. 
Whether fleetness in running he had to match this goodly show, 
Or was but as the dogs that be pampered with dainties from feastful 

And are nurtured for vain fair-seeming by pride- uplifted lords/' 310 

And Eum^cus the swineherd spake to the beggar-kingi and replied : 
" Of a surety this is the hound of a king that a^r hath died. 


Hie SDuptfi^ 

BOOK xvn, 

If his fiatnc were but new as of old, acd hia deeds &s the d««d» of 

When Odysseus left him» passing awayunro Troy-Und shore. 
Thou wouWt niarvol beholding the Ileetncss and strongth ibis dog 

showed I ben- 
There was never λ t)east that escaped through the depth of the 

forest -glen, [track. 

WhAt3c>evcr be chased ; for he foLIoAcd with sceni unerring the 
Itatevil halh compassed Uim now ; for the lost will never comeback, 
Aod the heedless women-folk tend him not, but ihey leave hiin lo lack. 
Yoa. thralls, when they feel no longer ttie hand of their lord and tho 

might* 330 

Have no rnofe will to render htm honest service aiigbl : 
For the half of the manhood of man Zens Thunderer tstketh away 
When his feet Eire caucht in the net of the bondage bringiti^ day. 

Hehath passcsl the threshold -stone of the palace stately and pioud ; 
To the feasi-hnll strni^ht is he gone and thf arrogant suJlOT'Crowd- 
Uat on Argus the doom of black death suddenly came down there, 
Λλ he looked on Odyssctis come back to his own m the twentieth 

elemachus^Te the rest through the length of the ball e5]>ied 
The hce of bis swineherd guest, and he beckoned him un(o his aide, 
Uondiug hi» browst acid thereat the swineherd beheld a seat* 330 
Wborvon the can'er ^at as he dealt the unstinted meat 
To th• tuitor* banqueting through the revelry- echoing place ; 
To Tcletnochui' board did he bring il, and sat there face to face 
At the fcasi with his dear-loved lord ; and the heralds drew nigh him. 
and apreati [the breat). 

His portion of meat on the boardf and he bare from ihe basket 

And within a little space came OdysseuB into the place ; 
And a beggar's semblance he bore, m<jst woeful and c1d-for1orn. 
Propped ou a staff ; and he wore vile raiment unseemly ;»iid lorn. 
On Ihe aehwood threshold screened by the shadows he sat in the door, 
Aod against a pillar ho leaned, the cypress that years before 340 
Did the builder cunningly trim and straighten by measuring line. 

And Telemac bus called unto Ιτίηι and spake to the master of swino» 
At he reached unto one of the maunds, and took him a loaf thereout. 
And flesh as much as his hands could scantly compass about : 
" Bear this to the stranger and give him from me, and comtiuuid 

him withal 
That he ask of every suitor from end to end of tho laall ; 
For shame is an evil cloak when its folds upon poverty fall/' 

He spake, and the swineherd hied him as soon as the best he hftd 
heard, fword : 

And drew near to the hero's side; and he spake tho Ujihl winged 
"Stranger. Telcmachua giveth thee this, and commaudelb wiiUuI 
That thou a^kof each of the suilois from end to end of the hall, [350 
For that shame is an evil clo^ when its folds on a heggar fall/' 

nooK χνπ. 



Atid Odysseus the m&Di fold -cou η wiled spake mit unto him ftnd 

replied ; 
'* King Zeus, he Tdcmachui bleat &bove all on the earth that abiJc, 
Aud whtttsu his bpttii desiies οί tUy i^race, may nought lie dciiiHl." 
Then in boi^ bands taking the meat and the bread by Che «wine- 

herd borne, 
He layeth in front of his feet that gift on the wallet forlorn. 
And he Bte of it even 50 long as tbe bird's voica gUddened the 

Aod he made an end as the song of the godlike minftTel craned i 
And the riot andbrawl ran high — but there cometh aooihor One, j6ci 
For Psl las had drawn ^nigf^ loOdy!^?«iis Lacnea' son ; fihe throng, 
And she moved him to gather the crust and the fragmeot from each of 
And to know who among them weae just in spirit, who lovera of 

wrong : 
Yet she willed not that any wighl should escape from the me&liefi of 

bale. [tale. 

So he csune unto each, from the right to the left, with the bc^i^&r'd 
OutstteldiiEig his hand to cravo, as old in the bcggar'ii nay^, 
And stirred with compassion they gave, and beheld him with wild- 

er«d amaze. |^ho ? '* 

And each oi hiE fellov/ bosidc him enquired " Whcnco is he and 
But Ibe goatherd Mcl^nlhius <.iica lu hi& ^spiLe to the Uwle5^ crew : 
*' Hearken to me, ye tiiilors thsl woo the far-famed <juetii. 370 

Ag to^iching this slrsnger, in sooth» the vri^ht ere now have J seen. 
It wasevenEurasfustheswtnabeTd thfttgtudedhimoa to tluspkce: 
For himself, 1 know him not, neither whence lie lx>a*>lFlh his race." 

Brake forth Antinoiis then, and with words of raihng be^an : 
** Thou swindierd loon, thou ac&ndal 1-^what ailed Lbee to bnag thb 

On to the town ? — what, have we not vagrants enough beside* 
Pestilent l>eggar&f banquet 'Cormorants Iningry^eyod ? 
Tfost thou dcom iE as nolhinfc that these are devouring the goods of 

thy lord [board ?" 

Hitherward thronging, hut thou mnsl be I^iddin^ lids wretch to ih« 
Answering sp&lccst then, Eumxus i^-urder of swine ; 380 

** Be thoLJ never so noble, Antinous, folly this word is of thine. 
Who goelh and biddelh a sitnnger. to sit at the /east and the wine. 
Save the wise and the cunning of hand, that be honoured in all 

men's &i^hl, 
As a aeer, cr a leechi a healci of sLckocss> or limber-wiighi, 
it is these that be biJden, wherever on earth the fca^t is spread; 
But none lo the b^tniiiict biddcth the beggar, to waste his bread. 
Out 'tis e\'er thus ; to the thralls of Odysseus, nnd chiclly to me 
Thou an harsh above all the mittor^; yet nought dol care for thee 
So long as I see in the brills Penelopt^ pas&ing-wise, 390 

And the godhke Telcmachns liveih to gladden the faithful eyce." 

Hit S>ipMtf 


Thcd unto liiin did Tdemncbus prudent in spirit My : 

•' Pntlire speak no fnoro lintu him : few worJs .iru lic^t to-day, 

Bui 'lie «war Antinnus' wont in evil wise lo brawl 

With railinf; words, and he e^geih the oihcra thereto wiihftl." 

To Ackiinous mrned he then, «od with light-winged words spftke on: 

•■ Anrinovis, Itindly ihou carest for me, ;is a sire for a son, 

Who j>ive£t command that the ttTanger be driven awiiy from mtofr 

With masterful woid.^the Gods forefend ihal this &lioiild tjcfatl Τ 
Give thou: I grudge not; nay rather I bid thee, and as for my 

mother (400 

Thou needst not be careful for hor^ nor hlush that any oth«r. 
Any thrall in the hulls tjf Odysseus, 1>σ ware of ihe generous deed. 
Ha, but the thought in thy breast \s nowise to succour our ni»d : 
Thou gradgcfit to give> for that better thou Jovest thyseit to feed•" 

Then out Antinous brake.-^aud his face glowed anger-red ; — 
"Teleniachus, blusterer t iv^itklessin pASsioii I what thEn^ha^t thou 

said ? 

it all the suitors should β:ίνο Linto bim but as much as I. 

For ihres loitK ntoQtbs lo the doora of thine houi« should he not 

draw nigh." 
Then with an evil smile did he hold the footatooi up 
That bare his feet the while he feasted and drained ihe cup. 410 
Bui the test alt ga^e well-willed, and ihc waller \^ii\\ (ilentcoiis store 
Of bread and of flesh they iiiled, and now bvil a little more, 
And the king by the threshold would taste their bounty οί baoquct- 

Yet he comes lo Antinous last» and hespeaketh the beggar's prayer: 
■■Give to me, Mend, for among the Acha!ans thou art oot. 1 deem. 
The meanest, nay rather the noblest» for like to a king dost thou 

seem Η 
^Vherefoie beyond the rest shouUlst thnu give with an open hapd ; 
And so will I spread thy fame abroad through every land. 
Time was when I in a princely palace was wont to live, 
Λ wealthy man. and oft lo the watidercr then would I give; 4^0 
Whosoever he were, whatsoever his need^ it mattpred nrit, 
I had Ihr^Llls untold, and with all thmgsebe was my bli»a full-fraught 
That are found with the men that are rich and are praised for a 

happy lot. 
Bui Z^us brovight ntin, for so was hi« pleasure concerning m•. 
He moved my spirit to go with the rovers of the sea: 
For mine o^a undoinj^ I sailed o'er the lout; M^a-waves on a ratil, 
Till in Et'ypt's river I halted the galley* lullow-swayed. 
And now did I etraitly command my eomrade& true and tried 
To guard the galleys from mischief, and still by the keels to abid« : 
Ard 1 hasted the feet of the watchmen, EolooK from clifl' and hill ; 
But the crews would not be controlled^ and they followed their own 

wild «01, 


of feonifr. 


And to haste όώ the ^it-lulcd fidJs of Egy-pt*^ fdk fell ihey : 

And rhey waited Ihe land» and they tuak their women and babes for 

a prey, jbome;. 

And they slaughtered th-emcn; ai>d swift to the ctty the dAxnourwaa 
So the townsinen, liearing the obli;j7, came with the hreaking of 

And novf did the faotmen and baUlQcart the whole plain cover 
With lightning gle«m of btass ; and Z«uq the Thunder do \-cr 
Cast lntt> the hearls of my men fouJ panir:, till none would abide 
To withstand the ofi^ei of fbenien, for bft]« wis on every £ide> 
So there m llic rout with the shatp biaae rtmny of ub they slew, 440 
And they led off others ahve» the bartdfiUvt*;» woih to da. 
Then theygAvemea thrall unto Dmetor the lord of the Cyprian l&nd; 
And he bare me away I0 the iele that b« ruled with a mighty h«nd. 
Thence have 1 hithcrward come throiij^h manifold trouble and ραϊπ." 

And Antinous lifTtd his voJco, and 10 bim madr- answer again : 
" What God hath brcnght on je this bane to our bam^uel, this gaJJ 

to our wine ^ fmino. 

Out 1 e^et tbee forth to the midst, and begone from tbia table of 
Lesf thou light on a hitter Egypt and Cyprus in this same place f 
Lo now what a beggar is here I — thou bold knave shameless o£ face, 
One after other thou comcst to al], and they give thee, in ^oth» 430 
Recklessly lavish ; with none of them all is restraining nor ruth. 
They are buiinteoi]*, wiih ather men's cheer^ whereof each haib 

enough and lo spare." 
And Odysseus the tnanif old-counselled turned on the railer there: 
" Gods ! under this goodly form i^ a niggardly soul and poor I 
Not a grain of salt wouldst thou give if the suppliant came to thy 

door. [me 

Thou who £tct*st at the board of another» and grudge^t a crumb unto 
Of tlie cheei that heih before thee heaped abundantly/' 
So he &pake^ but Antinous' soul with a madness of anger waa 

stirred; (word: 

And he glared with a mutderou» scowl as he loosed the swift- winged 
" Out of the hon^ shall thou never e>^cape but in pitiful case, ή6ο 
Who caetest the word unto επ«, and r«vil«st si prince to his fac? ] " 
His footstool then did he flinjf, and it struck with a heavy shock 
On the shoulder -blade cf the kin^ ; but Ody&seus !^Eood as a lock. 
Unstaggered by that which was %ped ironi Anilnous' hand at bim ; 
But he Btlently shook his bead, dark brooding a pLirpcsv >;Tim- 
And back to hi» thteehold-seat did be κο> and he laid by his side 
The wallet fulfilled of meat, and aloud \o ihv suitors b&ciied : 
" Hear mc, ye suitors that woo the fair queen world -renowned : 
Let me utter the word that mine be&rt in my breast ior my bps bath 

found> [groan, 470 

No shame-stab piercetfa a man, that for anguish Ms spihl should 
Unto whom shrewd buffets are dealt as he tigbteth defending hb 



%^t ©tptffftf 


Wliea the spoders come down on Jiia wbltC'tle^eii sheep or the herd 

ο Γ his kine. 
But this maa hixih struck me because of ibis vreiched belly of min•, 
This tyrant which brinpcth on menfolk evils nitiny and sore, 
WheitfoEt. if itiero bt Gods and Avtiij^Jnii Ones for tlic pour. 
May ihe death-dooni lighl on Antinoiis ere the briJal day Τ '" 

Uoto him did Antmous son of Eupcithes fiercely £ay; 

" £at aittiu^ ic siiencc. stranger» or get thes hence away, 

Lett the youog men drag ihee along ihrouRh ibe house for the word 

Ibou haet said^ [shred," +80 

ΰγ the foot or the h&ndi aod the flesh from thy bonesiheystripaod 

Dui ihny 4II were kmdled thereat with indignation strong; 
And thus spake this one and that of ihe overweening ihrung : 
" Foul wa£ the blow that thou to the woe-worn vagract ha^t given, 
Thou ftccura^d Antmous, if there be Cods of α truth in the heaven — 
Yea, the Gods b the bodies oi oLitlauJ stranger:» veil Γιοπι sight 
Their godhead, and pas? ihrmtgh tilies, and mark who tjoelh aright ; 
And they stand by the tyrant unseen, beholding mischief and Epitc," 

Yet he gs.v& Q£> heed to the rest as Lhey cried with indi(;nant cry. 

But the pain in Telemachui^* Ine^st and the anguish-suige &w€Uod 

high [htm ; 490 

At tho blow to his Bire» yet he shed no tear from his eyehds tei 

Dut he silently shook hi^shcad, id ark -brooding a purpose grim. 

Now Ihii lale lo the bovr^-r came of Pendo^ifi pas*»ing-wise 
Of the blow and the feasthairs shame, and she cried with leashing 

" Even 50 may Apollo llie silvcrdiowed smite even ihee I '* 

And to her spake out thesiewaidess-handmaid Eurynomft: 
" Ο for accomplishment of the thtn^ ior the which we pray 1 
NoDc of them should look on Ihe fair^lbroned dawn of another day," 

Answered and hpake ιηΊΐο htr PcDclopc pas^ing'wise : 
" Mocher. they sU are hateful, and nothing but evil devise ; 
But Antinous most is like unto black Death'g loathly face. 500 

Here conicth α woe-worn sUangcrto beg in the guest-thronged place^ 
Asking their alms— for bitler-tonsUaining poverty bade ;— 
The resiallfilled hta hands, and were moved with ruth ss he proved ; 
Eat this man hurled with a footstool, smiling his shoulder blficU;/' 

5o spake in her hcari-stncken paiu the queen to her handmaid- 
As she sat in her bower— ^snd divine Odysseus was supping still; — 
And she summoned Che warder of swinet and she uttered forth bcr 

" Ηίθ thee, Eumaus the godlike, and speak lo the stranger, and pray 
Tlui he come unto me : 1 would greet hini, and know whaE he batn 

to say 
Of the lost, if he Imply balh beard of Ody&beuh the tronble-lne»d. 51Q 
Or baih>«een with his eyes: for beseemeth fls one that haih wandered 


of teomrc. 


Thco unto her didst thou, Euniscus ihe swloehwd, say ; 
" Ο Queen, if but ihe Acha^ars theirclamuroiiH tongues would sta/, 
Sucb words flow forth οί hie lipe, tt would cluLrm xht h«£Lrt ifi thy 

bircast. [gucsl : 

Three nights Ug alxxlo in mine honiustcad. tbiee Jays be tamed mjr 
For thither he cfttne in ftight from the rovers of ihe sea ; 
But riot yet hath he ended the X^lo of his n^antfold misery- 
Aud cv^n A^ a m^n will gare on the face of ilie bard who btoga» 
And a spell is on all nien's souls while the i^od-uuglu melody riog^; 
Fain would they listeu for ever ; hu sings each heart his thrall ; 5^0 
So was I witchery -bound ^g he sat by my sid^ in mioe halL 
The friend oi Odysseus he is, and their fathers were friends before. 
In the days when he dwelt in Crele, where Minos ruled of yore, 
Thenee haih he now come hither woe-bufFeted, trouble -lost. 
And he sayeth, and holdeth thereto, he hath heard of Odya&eus the 

Alive, nor afar, but antgh, in the TheBprots' wealthy Und ; 
And home U he coming with many λ treasure gift in his hand." 

Answered and spake unto him Pencbpd passing -wise : 
'* Go, call hJm hiihpr ; himself shall say il liefore mine «yes. 
Uvit these — leT them revel and riot at wil] in porchway and door, 530 
Or h&re in the halls as tfiey list ; it is not their hearts that be sore ; 
For at home have τ hey wealth of their own, lih wasted uboudaut store 
Of coin fliid of wine, and none hot the housecarles tu eal of ihe liest. 
Butdayafiorday theycon^e hnunLmgour houAe, that we find no rest: 
And uver they slaughter our sheep, and our fatling ^oats, and our 

kine; [Pushed wloe 

AnJ they banquet, but ηοΐ on iheJr own, and they drink the llaiDe- 
Keokle^sly ; wide is the waste, for here no hero we have 
Such as Odysscua was, from its ruin the house to save* 
Ah. if Oilys&eu^ aIiouIu cocuc to Ins fathorland-hoine a^ aia, 
Soon wirh his son would he wrealc hU revenge on the tyrannous 

men ί *' ^40 

From her son cometh, even as she satlh iti an omen of cheenng 

For the halls to the blast of the breath cf his nostrils echo around. 
And Penelcpu laugheth for i^leet and the winded words speaketh she : 
" Hie thee, E!uma:iis, aud hid tJie sUan^ei come bttlicr to me. 
Mark how my son hath sneeieed a blessing upon my speech : 
Therefore I trow Death's shafts shall the suitors unerringly re^ch : 
Not one of them all shall c«cApc from the doom that is now drawn 

This too will I say, and deep in thine heart let vay promise he : 
[f I prove that Ihe words come true that the stranger- wight shall say, 
[ will eloThc liMTL in mantle and lumc-vcst, right i|;oodly array." 550 
She apake. ^lad ihe swinetieid hied him a^ souo ά.^ the hest be 

heard ; 
And he camo io the hero's ^do, and be spake the ewift-wing«d wc 


%6f flDbfffflfp 


"Father stranger* Penebpf ralleih ibee henretn her bower apart, — j 
TeleOMClitis' niother the passing'WiSe, — for that fain is her heart 
ToJicaroi the man she haih loved throuj^h griefs hdartweutyin^. 
And if sbesbtill find thai lh> words aic soothfast in everything. 
She will clothe Ihee in mantle and tunic, whereof ihy need is sore. 
And throughout the folk shall ihoii beg thy bread from door to door ; 
And who willeth shall give thee, and so shftll thine hanger be 

Arj^wered and spake tinto htm Odysseus (he trotihla-iried - 560 
'* Eumseus, herein should ihe truth full sood oI my Lips be told 
To (he- child of Icarius" litic, Pcnelop£ prudent -sou Jed : 
For well do I krow him ; togciher thf^ bniot uf «Hlictian we bore. 
But the throng of the tyrannous suitors 1 drmd, for ibeirmad uproor 
With its echoes of ντοη^ζ gocth up to the heaven's iron floor• 
Twas hut now that Icame to the house; no e\il I wrought, butloi 
Etose thisrnac ;igatii«t me,;iiid huded, and he dealt me a cruel blow. 
Nought could TekmachuA i\t.y bi^ hiLnd, neither any beside. 
Wherefore no^v, bid Ihou Perjelopi wail till the eventtdei 
Till the suolight shall fade fiom her hall*, how eagei soever she be; 
And then of her husbfind's home-comtng day lei her ask of me, [570 
j^eaiting me nigh to the hre, for lh;it sorriest garments 1 wear. 
As thcL linowcst thyself, for hrst unto thcc did I make my prayer•" 
Tlicn did tbc uwineheid ba^c?, whcD the words of Lbe kirr^ he bjtd 

And as over the threshold he passed, Pooelopfi epoLkc the word ; 
"Thou bringcst hiiu Dor, EnmaEus? What cow is the wanderer's 

iho light ? 
Is tt fear of some lawless man, or is he abashed for auzhl Ρ 
Soothr little of worth to r bcggar-wight were & shftmoliaet brow." 

Answeiing her, swioeherd Euniieus, bpakest thou: 
" Nay, well doth he speak and wisely, as any ihat henrd him wotild 

think. 580 

From Ihc insolent flouts of overweening men doth he shrink. 
But ho biddeth thee tarry awhile till ibc going down of the suit : 
Yea, for thyself, Ο Queen, 1 trow it were better done 
That alon« thou sfaouldst spealf, ^xnd none other should hearken the 

stranger's replies,'* 

Answered and spake unto hrni Penelope passing-wise : 

'* Not witle^sly deemeih the strarj^er, whatever his race and name ; 

For none each as these wouidst thouhndamongmenof mortal Ira me^ 

Such hearts to device, such huiids to accomplish outrage and shanie•'* 

So pa&sioned the Qnecn ; hut thr warder of iwine hath hied him 

To the hall and its hateful disorder, as soon as he ended his say• 590 
Efcsoons to Telcmachus now he spc^keth the word full loiv. 
And anigh him hia head doth he bow, leti the others may bear «ad 

" Friend, 1 am gring away to watch orer the swine and the rest. 


of boinrr. 


Thy subatimce and mine: ^^τ here do tliou order alt for rhe beat. 
Unto Ihine own Sftfely first I9C thy soul give diligent heed, 
For mftny a foe is plottini; a^ninst thee the evil dociJ. 
ZcQS blast ihf^iit or evei toi lis fiuil giokv uf Ιΐιυ LaltifLd 9<;(-U ! " 

Unio him thereafter Telemflchus prnileni-witted replied : 
•' Fflthir, so shall it be : go !hoi.i al the eventide. 
Come again with the tjawn. and bring fair victims for sacrinceH 60c 
Bui these shall l>c dealt with by me and the Deathless that dwell jq 

the sides." 
Then of^aiD the herdoian of swine sat dowti on tha fair-polished 

scat, [meai. 

Till his soul was filled with wine and the strength of the sttrtle« 
Then forth did be pass and away, and he left the couru and the hall 
Filled with the banqueting throng; and they ia the dance and the 

Revelled, for now the day died into the even^U, 



uittc (0 ΰΐ nttopt ant) tbe tlouto ta0i en Φΐα?ίίΰαΐΰ, 

Now » T>eggar-wight came lo ilie place : few Ichacan homes 
Daily his impjdcTil face, Ά.αά marvelled at that vast maw; 
For ^untljlte he devoure<i aod he drank, buT liJs bodxiy might 
Was naiight, alWl he lowered most huge τη hulk to the sight. 
Now the name whereby his mother her son ^Om the birtti-boutj 

Was Arnoiiis, albeit another for him hfid the young men framed, 
Irus — the messenger flying at each man's beck and cali. 
Now comOEh this beggar trying to cha&c the hing From his hall. 
Yea, frojn h\& owu housc-dour ; and wiih churlish words he ruled ; 
*^ Dotard^ begone h^im the threshcJd, lest forth tiy the Coat thou bfr 

haJed. lO 

Dosi thou DO! mark how they winli with the eye to me, all stttixiff 

I here. 
Bidding me drag Thee away ? — but for very shame 1 forhear. 
Up, or coniention of hat^ds 'twixt us full soon ihall arise." 

Spalic Odysseus the nianifald-counscllcd with stcmly-glarirgeycs;' 
■' Mail, aeiiher by ivoid nor deetl do I do any wrong unto thee ι 
Neither grudge I that any man give thee, Ihouiih never so much it ha. 
This threshold hath lOom for us both, and thou hast not Deed nor 

To be grudging of o(h« men's gixxTs. [ ileem ihee a lieggar-wight 
Ae I, and I doubt not the Gods will vouchsafe to thy ciayers cood 

speed. [the deed, 3o 

But ptoi^oke not me with thine hands, lesl thou waken my wnith toi 
Andj old though I be, 1 bedabble thy breast and thy lips with jjure ; 
Then should I have fot the morrow quietnees more than before- 
For ihou wilt tot return aoy more, nor a second time, I trow, 
Thy face in the halls of Odysseus Laetles" sou wilt thou show•" 

ftOOK χνΐϊΐ. %.^€ SDtipffWr of Corner, 


Then alJ aquiver with wraib oried Irus the beggar -wight : 
^'God^f how the tongue of Ibe gluttf^nous hound runs Enppingly 

h^hl, [duel 

Uke an old oveuwife, Jike α scoldtcR shrew [—1 will give him his 
MiTLc hands siudl smitt hinii ^nd dash the teeth from his jawa« and 

On ihe ground, &s they bre^k the teeth of a corn field -wast log swine- 
Gird Lip thy loins, that thcsi^ juuy jill bohold us two 30 
Fighting — ha, ha ] thoj fight with youtJk and strength like mine I *' 
So there on the threshold iho twain 'oeatb (he halI'doDr's stately 

In bitter gib-iug strain each kindled the other's spite. 
But AmiuouSi soon as he spied the railersi would set them to (i^ht ; 
And he luugbed for glee, and he cried 10 the re^t with malidous de^ 

** Friends^ never till now did anything liJce unto this befall. 
Such merry sport as a Gad halh brought this day to the hall I 
The stranger and Inis are wrangling together And ready 10 smite 
With the clenched hand : come, lei usstroightway set them toj^eiher 

to tight." 
tJpspringiug with laughter loud did ihey hie Iheni forth right 

glad- 40 

In a great ring gathered the crowd round the beggars sorrily clad. 
And now unto these doth Aotinous, son of Eupcithcs» i:ry ; 
'* Hearlien, ye lordly suitors, a word fur your ears have [ : 
Here hiss on the fire two paunches of goat^, for we laid tb«m thereon 
Filled full w^th fat iiud wilh blood for our supper ^iwhilt; a;ccnc4 
Now Λvhoever shall con quci iu iij^hl and prove him the itii^htie: one, 
Let him rise and lake of ihe balcemeals which^o he will for his own ; 
And ever thereafter shall he feasi here, and nevermore 
Will we suifer anoiher beggar to enter the feast-hall dooi." 

So did he speak, λοο the thing was good in the suitors' eyes. 50 
But tviUly desk the king, and he sp;tke in cunning guifie • 
" Ο friends, it may nowise be thai an old man woe-tordonc 
Should hght with the young and strong: but my hdly goadcthmcou, 
This tytant within, to the end that bufrc1& my Ijane ni^ty t»c. 
But come now, all of you swear a mighty oath unto mc 
That none, shewing favour to irus^ will deal nie a heavy blow 
AVith wron^-fu I -smiting hand, to subdue me undrr my foe" 

Sodidiie speak, and each one oflUem pledged him thereto, nc^thing 

loth : ;o*th, 

And as soon as theswcflfifiii waidonct^nd they all bad tinTshedthe 
Out spake the snoied iDight of the unkoown hcfo's sou : €q 

*' If thine heart, Ο stranger, and manful spirit prickcth thee on 
To defend thee against ihis man, fear Dot for any beside ; 
For the batile^onset of mnny muat whoso smites thee abide. 
Tlic friend of the slian^ui am I, and the kirgs say yea unto it, 
Antinous here^ and Eurymachus, princes prudent of wit/* 


Clir S^iruerp 

τιοόκ χντπ- 

Then al] approved with a ehiiiit rand Odysseus for ii^ht prcpArcd. 
He girdclh l^is r^gs AlxtuI liis loin^, and bi^ thighs h^ch he Eiarrd, 
Goodly and great lo behold, ind his EhouMers broad and square» 
And his arms of sinewy mould, and his chest : and Atheni thorc 
M*de greater each huge limb of the shepherd of Ithaca's folk. 70 
And all tUny marvelled ;it biiii. and iotih Iheii aiua^t?ine[it liroke, 
A£ this one and that one cried 10 his fellctw thai sioud by bil sid«j 
*■ Irus un-Irus'd full ^ooa on his head shall draw down woe, 
So brawny a thigh ftont the vci] of his rags doth tlieoldmaji aliow!' 

But The dastard's hes.rt vras stirred ^vith iiirMl exceedtng adrigfat.^. 
Yet did the house-caries gitd him and dra^ in his own despl•!• 
To the midst of the ring, while shook his llcsli upon every limb ; 
And with scamful wilhering look Aciinous cited uniu him : 
" Why wAst thou boni^ ihou lubber ? — why shooldsi thou Hve 

[f thou ieat'si such a man as tbis. and dost sliake frith uemblic^ 

«ore Ho 

At an old man woe-forspent, overburdened with miury } 
lint ihiE do 1 tetl thee, and GVirely fu1till«d shall my promise be: 
If ihis man prove him Ehe bctLcii and conquer ihcc in the riay. 
In a black ship's hold to the Tnaintand ihare will I send ihec nway 
Unto Ech&tus, unto Che king (hat never dolh pity nor spare, 
Who 3hal] lop rhy nose and thine ears with the ruthJesa b»8G, Rod 

tear [fare.'' 

From thy body thy manhood, and cast to his hounds the blood-raw 

But the threat redoubled his dread, and hts knees were boi 

with affright -. 
Yei hirn lo the niid^-t they led, and they hfted iheir hands to smil 
Then a moment Odysseus pondered whether to lay him low 
With his soul from his body sundered by one fierce hghtmng-bloWi 
Or lightly Co strike, and but stretch on the ground the craven wreti 
Swifily he thought, and best il seemed in the hero's eyee 
LighElv to smite, lest the r^st should pierce Che king'« disguise, 
TheD itxt5 strikes, but the stroke o*er the heroes riKht arm slips : 
Fla^Jied out Od/sscus's blow to the neck 'iieath the car of his toe' 
And the tv^nee of iha jaw ίι broke, and the bUck blood ^afaed from 

UU lips ; 
With η howl in the dust fell he, and he ^aahed hi» teeth for pAio, 
ICJckintc co^nulsively oa the ^luuud , but ihe bultor^ralu 
Cast up their hands in their gl^e, and they reeled, with laughter 

^lain, 100 

Dul Ody»seu3 drae[ged him thence by the foot through the porch wsy 

On to the court and the fence of the ^arch, and he set him there 
Propped hy the waH, and a sCatf thr^isi ϊηΐύ hie tremblinfi hand 
And he &pnke with a scornful laugh the li^t-winged word of ci 

mand : [floor: 

"Now sit thou there, and be keepiog the swine and the doffs fromtJ 




No(bcr lord it, thou {uliiul wictch, q!cz ibt atran^r and poor any 

LiTf^l thou reap ifacc α Η^ατ-ί^ί hirvcflt of evil than over bfifor•.*' 
Vhoi over his shoulders he fluujf his unseemly wallet forlonki 
TjillCEcd nnd patched, by λ lhu4}|: of twiMod liidc iipburac , 
And ;i^iri to hh thresh old' scdi I he goeth, and all the thrcmg ι in 
Stream post with lAughter, and greet tbe hcfo with nvourinR 

tongue : ^tci^, 

" .SuangGi, may Zeus &αά the icsC of che Deathle», r\n hi^h thai 
Grant thc« thy d^iresi wish for the which ihioe hcan iu tarn. 
Who hast ended the becf^f; oi this msatiate glutton today, 
rorthiight to the mairfand* to Echetu», hence will we f^nd hisi 

To the king who liiaie lo destroy, aod the hand» that never spare-" 

Thee Odyeeeuft was IilJ«d with joy for the oraeu uttered ihere- 
Aiid the pTOO Autinouft biou^ht, the ffieat ^oat-pauuclE wiui (be 

And ch« hi^tJDg 6it full'fraught, andtheprincolyAmphiooniut stcxxl 
And reached two loaves froniamaund,:uidbade theliero take: t^o 
And with golden chalice in hand he plod^^ed him, asd kiadiy he 

spake : 
" Hail, tBiher stranger ; τη dnvu to be may thy blisa abound, 
Aibeil to-day with manifold ijfs thou be compassed around." 

Auitwt^feJ Odyssc^is, the mnn in m.iny a counsel wise : 
»■ Amphinomiis, prudent of ινϊΐ dosl thou verily seem tn mine eye*, 
As the son of thy father may well be ; oft have 1 heard of hm fame. 
There WA3 prowess and wcahh in the sound of Dulitibian Nisus' 

Of him wen thou gotten, they say : a wotd-wlse man ftcem*fit thou. 
Therofore my rede shall he spoken : Ο hearken and heed it now- 
Eartb nourisbeth nought that the Goda have created more puny 

tlian man 130 

Uf aU things chat breathe and move op the earth their httle (pan : 
For he aaith ' I shall auHor no ill in the days that shall come after 

these,' [of hi£ kcecs: 

While ihe Gods yet pruaper his handa, and untK>wed ϊϊ th&siringth 
But when sorrovr and trouble are meted forth by the tioda ever -blest, 
Cjntcntkss he rrowetb thereunder, and bcareth a liurdcned bieaat. 
Kcjr the mind of the eaitb-abideiB is even sutli as the dav 
That h sect by the FiCher of God* snd men, v> waver they, 
For 1 too of old bade fair to be wealthy and great among n»B : 
And 1 walked in the pride of my strcngih. and did naniibJd folly 

then. [140 

In the might of my sire and my brethren's array my tract did Ipnt: 
ΧΐίΑ what am L now ?— let no man trample the nght under foot ; 
But let all men receive the Gods' gifts humbly and silently. 
— What deeds of the suitors, what outrage and shame is this that ! 



Lo how they dishonour the vriic» )o how (be possessions ihcy spoil 
or a α\ΛΏ who shall linger afat from hi» frieniJs and UU faihTrliad- 

kHI [his pAib, 

Not lone : be is even at the door. MayeM tbou be withdra^^ro £rom 
Safe at bomc by the grace of a Cod, that ibou meet bim Dot in his 

In the day that he cometb figain to his own dear faiherland ; 
For not without blood shalJ they part, even he Luid the sujtor-i>a&d 
In the hour when tbc hero's feel οώ his thresliold-stone shall st^nd." 

Then the drops of libation be poured, artd he drank of ih« glad- 
dening cup, 
Aod agaifi to the hand of ibe lord of the i^Ie-folk yielded it up. 
Through the hall with slow sad Ircad, hean'StHdccn with v 

strange pain, rbac». 

Went Amphinomus bowinf^ his head, for his spirit foreboded bu 
Diicly he saw — loo late : his icet in the gin were la'cn ; 
And Atheni had fixed hta fale by Tdemachus' spear to he slain ; 
For behold, on the seat whence of late he had nsen he ^tieth agah 

But cow the queen belhoLighl her— 'tvras She of the flashmg eyes" 
Thai moved Icarius' daagbtei, F^^nelop^ passing- wise « 
To appear to the suitors, that so the spoilers" heart of greed 160 
Might ope, and Ihetr bounty tlow, ard more than before through 

h« deed [stirred. 

The beaits of ber lord and hex chiTd niigbl with reverent love l>e 
And she somewhat dreamily smiled, and irtisic^ she spake the word : 
*^ Eurynomfi, fain is my heart, as it rcvcr halb bcon before. 
To appear to the siiitors* aibcit I hate them exceeding sore. 
A word to my son would I speak to deliver bis soul from harm. 
That he trust bim 00 more to the place where the arrogant suitors 

swarm : [bauc-" 

For ihey spc^k fair words to hisface, but their heailsaredevi^u^' bis 

And Hnrynomi, ^lewardess^handmaid, answered the queen again : 

"Yea, wisely and well, my child, hast thou uttered thy boeom'a 

tbou^nl• ft' 

Go tbcc, and speak the word to thy son« and hide it uot. 
Be thy body bathed, and anointed thy cheeks, or ever thou fio ; 
But let them not see thee with face furrow btained from the lountaii 

of woe; 
For evil it is to be gneving without «urcease ftji aye- 
Lo, now thy tequesi is granted wherein thc»ii wert wont to pray. 
That thy son a beacded man might gladden thy Jiviof;; oyes." 

Answered and spake unto her Penelope pas&ing'wr&e l 
•■ Eurynomc, cTninsel not this, how lender soever thy t:are. 
That I b;ithe my limbs and anoint me wJth unguent rich and rai 
For the Deathless ruined my beauty, the Coos in Olympus 

dwell, tdo 

Since the day that be went in his galleys over the wide sea-swell. 


Sr Uomtc. 


But hid thou AutonoA come, and Hippodamda withal, 
Ύα the end Ihey niay^taitd be^de me amidst of tlie tianniielJDg'hall : 
But for will I not co alone unto where men teveiaii<l brawln" 
So the ftQCcent stewardess pa^ed from the bower: though tho 

palace she hied, 
To bid the handtjiaids bfisls unto queen Petielop&'s side. 
But Athena with eyes grey- gleaming of this thing too belliouKhi her, 
That she sent the sleep-dews streamioKadown oti icarius' dflughter» 
Into diesmUcd she floated away, and relaied with a lestful smile 
Were her limbs on ihe couch as she lay ; and the Goddess gave her 

the while 190 

Gifts of celestial g^race to enthrall the Acbcans thereby : 
And she balhed the sweet sad face with the charm of the Dwellers 

on high< 
Even Eiich as tmointetfa ^ueeu Cytberoa (he beautiful -crowned, 
Whou sbe goes to the fairy gicen wliere the Graces' dance sweeps 

And Athena made hex heighi and her breadth more stately to see, 
And her skin more iiaw less- white than the smooth Ea^vn ivory. 
So wnjugbt s\iQ unseeu ; and light hinn the ch^tmber flitttd she. 

From the hall anigh to the doorthe white-armed baodmaids dreViT, 
Aod their voices entered before them, thai sleep Arom the queen's 

eyes Rew: [sild : ΐοο 

Aod sbe wiped her cheeks bright-glowing ado wn with her bandt^, and 
" Ο soft was the test thai hath folded ma round in mine anguish 

Ah that a death as geotic by stainless Artemis' dart 
This monienl were dealt me, that nevermore with mouTniufj heart 
] might wa£ie and pine with yearning for all the glory gone. 
For tha dear lost hueband, of all the Ach^^ns the noblest one Ε " 
Down from her bright bower then that lovely lady descended : 
Not alone went she lo the men» but by handmaidens twain attended. 
So she came to the feasting place oi the suitors, that lady divme ι 
And she stood by a column tall of the richly-carven ball, 
Holding in front of her face ber headveil dainty and fine : 110 

And a trosiy handmaid stood by the (|tieeii upon eilher side. 
And their knee& were ]oo£ed with df^site, aad with love were their 

souls afire, [bride; 

And a tumult stirred their blood with the hope of so queenly a 
But she turned in reproachful mood to her deai'loved son, and she 

cried : [ness now } 

"Tclemachufi. where is the strength of thy heart and thystc^dfast- 
Wben thou ^eit but a lad, more wit ίπ discerning the right hadst 

thou. [man ; 

L0( now art thou stalwart and tail, and art frown to the stature of 
Yea, the ouiland wighl whose eye should thy stately cotucUncss scan 
Would say that α happy site had bcgolten so goodly a son : 
But thy wisdom is overvorDr aind thine heart astray haih gone. 320 

^^ sDOpfferp 


Lo, whfti fl deed is this that within ihe&e halls hath been dottft, 
Thflt thc>u flhouJdst havosufterud α str^tTiger- wight to be ouUr^ed 

Hon Iheri if a £tiaager-gue^t in our palace silting with us 
Gut soro httrt, buffeted thus in cruel stiam^ul wise? 
Thou sbouddst be but abywotd, α thine of scorn in tal men's eyoe 

ΛπΟ Tt?IeTiiachLi8 prudent of wii spdkeoiiLiulhe «luecnand replied ' 
■* My mother, ihou doest well to be angrv at this and to chide : 
Yec still have I skill το discern, ^nd my knawledge remameih still ; 
But I wasbat A chiMcrcwhile in dividing the good frocn the iJl. [ajo 
Yet I CAnnat in all things \ig wise.iind 1 err in njine heait's despite; 
For thefic with amazement bewilder tne, thronging to left smd to, 

Ann the thought» of their hearts are evil, wad hdfwrs with inc 

there none. 
Ym ολ touching th« suite of the stnuiger and Ins, tt was not dooe 
Aft tbo suitors willed : but the stranger the mightier provod of the 

Ο Zeus Allfaiher, Ath^ni, Apollol my heart ia E^in 
That novr the suitors that vex our fobbex- haunted hocn9 
Were helplessly drooping their vanquished btftda, in (he foiecou* 

Boine• [sort 

And some in the houie, and their knees wer« loosed in the self-same 
Ae IruSt who etlteth yonder hard by the j^ates of the court, 
Helpleealy awayiag his head like a drunken m^n^s down-hun^, 
Strengihlc^s to stand on his feet, like a weed on the mbccn flung ; 
To his home he cannot reium, for his timbs are all utistruau/* 

]n such wide motlier and son in the midst of the fcu.E;t-halJ i^poko. 
But EnryruacbuS g&aiug upon the queen into ^i^ii^ua broke ^ 
" Ο child of Icuriu?." line, Penelope pa^ing-wifte» 
If all the Achaeans in Argos on ihee should cast their eyes, 
Many a suitor beside in thy palace halb would there be 
Feasting tomorrow : for none other woman is like unto thee* 
None other so lovely and tall nor u> v/i&c, Ο heart's desire 1" 

Answered Penelope passing-wise to the smocth-faced liar : 2' 
" Ah no, Eurymachus* all my beauty and goodlihead 
The Deathless destroye*!, wheo over the waters the Argives sped 
Unto Trov, and with them mine husband Odysseiis passed cvereeft- 
Ah should he come back a£:atnt a dcionder oF mine Ληά lue. 
Greater than ever (tea and fairer were my renown. 
But now have I anguish ; Cor troubles untold have the Gods si 

Ah nie, I remember the Iiour when he left his fatherland, 
HowniiQflhu^sbandspuJteuntomeiOnmy Γΐςΐιΐ wrist 1α)ίη§ luabaud 
* My wLfe, I deem that Achaia's good ly<h:ir nested bo^t 
ShalJ not all scaiheJess return Iriantphant from Troy laud coast ; 
For they »ty that the Trojan warriors are mighty men in the figbt. 
Tbcy hurJ the javelin live, aud they s^^oed lUe aiiow'» Ujghi ; 

HOOK xvni. 

crE liDinrt. 


And Ihey tltivc the iect-foot tiot^^^auJ liigh on the war-surge ride, 
When the down-rasliing flood of [he chariols mrnelh Ihe hattle'ttde. 
So 1 kDQw not if h«aven ordauie my return, or <Iooms me to fall 
Vontlfli in Troylaod : but here give thou good heed nolo alL 
FLM^iut not my father and inalher wh&ii feeble they mc and ^tey : 
Lov? rhem as now — yea more, seeing 1 sli^ll be iai :iwxy. 
But wlicn MntCf bc^itlud nianbuod this child of our» thaU be come. 
Wed whomsoever thou wilt» and dcpaft from this thine botuc,' 370 
So «pake he, and now I behold the si^, and I know my doom : 
And the night shall come when the marriage I loathe, adding gloom 

imto^looin, [bliss. 

Sball meet the lo^t one. who&e days Allfathcr hath robbed of Ihsii 
Yet a sharper anguish, that deeper pietceth my heart, is this : 
Such as yours was the manner of ^Liitora never before on the earth Τ 
Whensoever the high-born woo a l^dy of noble birlh, 
And strive for α rich mart's daughter in princely livalry. 
It i? they bring kinc and f^tling sheep from the meadow-lea ; 
And they feast the damsel's kindred, and bring gifts fair to see '- 
But never, they never devour another's poods scoi-frcc." a8o 

Then glad wa^i Odysseus the roil-rtinn, iieiiririg ihi? wise Kpr^ plead. 
How frcm spoilers theycharn^d the spoil, and bewitched the hearts 

of |<rei?d, [sword. 

And with sweet words drew them on — but her hate was keen as δ 

Then did Autinous son of Eupeitbes take up the word : 
•^ Icarius' datighier, «xceediag wise Ρ«α«ϊορ^. 
Receive what ψίΙ$ soever thy suitors shall bring unto thee : 
For "lis shanieliil 10 lum ironi che gift and the giver stonifuily. 
But not to OUT lands, neither elsewhither hence will we ever depaft, 
£re Ihou weddu Achaean, what man soever «hall please thmo heart/' 
So did he apeak; and llicy commanded hie counsdlin^. 290 

And each of thcin sent away a henchman the gifts to biin^. 
And Aniinous* tne^ieTigef brought the royally -swefipirig fold 
Of a robe all broidery- wrought ; ASd lightened the eplcndout of 

gold [arrayed ρ 

From its brooches twelve» and the same with bended clasps were 
And Eurymachue' mt^senger tame with a necklace cunnin^iy mAde, 
Golden, wiih amber between ; 'twas a surli*;hl-ftluamiiig chain- 
And earrings wc^c borue to the qut^eii by Emydanias' heuchmcn 

Iwflin, {sheen, 

Triplc-drop^d, and as Mars they shone, far-flashit^g th(rir gloriotis 
And I'oiyclor's princely son Pcisander gave to the ^uccn 
A cartanct U\i to behold. So t:ome they wiih lieasuic» untold, 30Γ1 
Till the dim hall gleams with the splendour that streanis from the 

gems aud the gold- 
Then to her bower ascended the woman divine agaiu : 
And bearing the gifts attended their queen tlie handin^dcna twain- 
liut the men 10 xhe winsome song and the light dance turned for 

thtir mirth ; 


U6f fiDDpfffff? 


And they levelled througbokit ttio hall till ibc ahjidowa of twn should 

And, Μ itfftntoned th« nolmg iTiron^, caim the dnrhncss over 

[α Ehc balls they rcAr stru^htuAv three crcsBCts ilnring high 
Over the roel ^lotl Ia)^ ; nbuut [heiii τ\ΐΐε billets dry» 
And napless \o^s by rhe keen bill cleft, n^^ht swifi to burti, 
Μ'ύίι piAc-brands there-hetween ; and ihc mnid» of Odyescua m 

turn 310 

Those j^eat hall-beacons fed. Bui he deemed it a thamc/ul thin^ ; 
And spake ta the damsels ^nd said the manifold 'counul led king : 
" HacdmaidE of Udj^sscus, the king of his folk long time untccDi 
GcC you Mway to the chamber whe^e sitlclh your Udy the quMiji• 
And turn ye thedistaffbciiciehfTr, or card with your h^mlKt bit wool», 
Yea. womstnlike $it in her bower, and so shalE her joy be fjU- 
And I will feed tbo crcai&«ts for all these icastiof! here* [Appcafi 

Vea, tlujugh they should revel oo till tlte fair'throned D^iwning 
Thf^y shall not oulweaTy nie, loil-tirele&iS and hardy to bear." 
But they looked on each other, and smiled with wicked laughing 

eyes ; ^1 

And the hit Melftotho ii^led tho lioio in uhuiueful wise: 
DoUuH^ daughter was she, yet the queen as a lahe of her own 
Nursed her : she player! al her knee 10 the moocent child days gone; 
Vei Pcncbpt's i^ief ne'er camo Upon her, ncr the shadow thereof; 
But «he wroii|,'hi the deed of shame, ftnd Eurymachns had h^r 

And cow doth she flin^f on Ody»seus the king foul tannl and scoff: 
■* Thou pitiful sEffl.iigM'"Wictch ! some brainsltuck wight thou arl. 
Who hast no will to ihy sleep in thi* coppersmith's forge to depart. 
Or wheie other such v&rleia gossip, but thou muit be babblinf; horo 
Unabdshod in the prcBcocc of pnnces, and hast nor shame aor 

feai I 330 

Good «ooih, bat the wine hath o'ennastcred thine head — or be&toi 

ever thus 
Wore thy witless wits, and thoti prat^t thj fbllj Irom ancient luc. 
Art diQU ntad with the pride of ut>ing Ires ihe beggar low ^ 
Take heed lest a mfgbiier chauipiou than Itug arise thy foe, 
To deal on thine head with his stalwart hands bjows many and' 

sore, [Koctf," 

And to drive thee forLh of the house with Ihy fac^ hcdabbl«d in 

Answered Odysseus the nuoifoM counselled trownini; grim : 
" t will ςο to Tdcmachua, boldio^:^ wjtitoit, and tell unto him 
What thutip» thou art &ayin^» and so shall he cot thee limb froni^ 

limb/' fM^^'^^'h: J4OJ 

Then the woinfiD shivered with dread at big stem duep-ihrillin|;1 
And like fluttered birdi they tied, and ahook the knees of cich ; 
For thcii bcaits wiLhiii Ihcni said that fai& threat might well befall. 
But Odysseus stood and fied the cressetS that darned in th« hall, 


d( ^omrr. 


And he j^azed on thu (hroag, aor iiakc; but tho i^ur^e of bis 

thoughts to&scd high [itig rti^h. 

With the wind of tiin wrath AW^Lko una the nlarm of revenue drnw^ 
But Allkcn^ Id QQt the tout of the arrofAnt siiiLon rcfiAic 
Fram heart 'Slinging taunt -iml flaiit, tti clic<^nd tbaL ihrgo^ul af ^uin 
In the heart of Odysseus the king of the isle-foU: should tatikic ajid 

So Hiir/iuachus turned tu the rest, and a^jji»t Odys.scus he spalte 
A wroff and a bitter jesU and Ihft laughter ioud ouibral<e : 330 

" Hear mCf ye suitors Ih^t woo the i^ii quoen world- renowned. 
To the ead I ntay £pcak the words that my heart for my Hps h&th 

The hand of a God U At work ta this man's coming, ] deem : 
For th« light ^i the torches blreums in α vocy gtory-g[t^Λm 
From his radiant hoad, uovcilod by a atagic ^iragglm^ hair I " 
Then lie turned to Odysseus the ciiy^waster, ano enecit^d ou him 

then : 
" Stmngcr, say, woutdst thou ««no with a maetcTi «νοα with mc, 
Oq a lone farm-^tG^duig— thiue hire sbould be paid* bir wa^c and 

free — 
PiliQg the ecooes of tho dvk« and phtniing the sap! ing' tree ? 
Nought shouidst thou Ladt: I would give thee abundaat store oi 

meat. 360 

1 would clothe thy body with t;ti[»ent and give thee sliors fur thy 

feel. [no will 

Not thoti ' thou hast learnt but the trade of the rogue : thou hast 
To toil AS a hoficBl ΙΓΗΠ. but, L;roiJchiiig and cringing &liU, 
Thou lookest by begging to fill the maw that notliing caji nil." 

And to him Udy^scus the maojtold couoselleU m;ide aouwei agab ; 
" Eurymachus, would wc were matched \n the tod of rhc tield. we 

twain, [btLii^ds deepr 

In the spring, when th^ dtys wax long and the lush meadow-grass 
Add 1 stood LD the swathe bowed over a gr«ai scythe's m^hly awe^, 
Aad thou with anoLheri to titaku assay of out pfowtae iiO, 
FasLing till gloaming Eide» and llif^re larked nul ^rasa lo mow : 370 
Or h^d we buE oxen lo drive, yea, the goodh«fil bt^^ists that be, 
Glossy of hide, great- -ζίΓΐ bed, fuli-fcd on tho paaturc-lea, 
Teacna even-matcbeJ jh 3^gs and τη diaufbli ^nd tiicleae of toU. 
And our shares in a lout a<:ie li^ld went swifTly cleavtng the soil. 
Thou sbould^t see bow the ^tfai^ht deao furrowe ^ould Jaogthcn 

behind my plough. [now, 

Or if ^us brought war on the land, and the fee came down on ns 
And I, even ί, had a shield and the wiritor's lan<^es two. 
Aad the glittering brass of the morion over my temples drew, 
Far afront ahouldst thou see mc stemming the on-rushing billows 

of men, JjA-gluiton me tlicul 3S0 

And the mock should be dead on thy wtute lips— thou wouldst coi 
Go to, thou heartless scomeir ; Ο soul unacquainted wit-h ruth I 


If Φδ^βΑΓ? 


Thou (leemest ihysdf 8i)nie ^cM one, a migbiy inan, forsooth, 
For thftt few b« ihy follows, ana they little-hear led and decdlesi^ of 

band : 
Bui Ο if Odysseus should coai«. should retum to his faiherl^nt}. 
In a monicu: the doorway's stately brradth shwilJ be all too strait 
For the hasie of thy dastard feel ec«uig forth lo the porch waj- gate," 
So he spiakc; hxix Eurymachus' soul with a madness of anger waa 

slirrcd, [vurd ; 

And he glared with a murderous scowl as he loosed Iheswifl-winged 
"O wretchf thou shalt never go scatheless for that thou hast spoken 

hdrc [390 

Unabashed in the preiience of princes, and hast nor shame ικη υ^λγ. 
Good £ooth, but the wme hMih o'ermastered thine head — or belike 

over so itrow t 

Were ihy witless wits, and thou slill must be prating thy roily. 1 
Art thou nifld wiih tht pride of laying irus ihe beg^:*/ Ioa ?*" 
So cried he, and furiously he caught up a footstool to ttirig : 
But with wnry heed by the l^nec of Amphinomus crouch«>d the king, 
And over his head it whirled, but it crashed Awith a stroke full sore 
On the cupbearer's baud, atid it hurled theclaneing liowl lotbe ^oor 
And the lad with a woeful shriek staggered backward and fell to tbt 

ground. [shftdowy b«U, 

And ihc suitors with tumult and brawl were loud through th« 
And ihiis 'gm some oF theiti speak as they turned to their fellows 
around : ^00 

" Ο that the vagabond stranger had perished beyond the sea 
Ete he cast his brand of coufusiou ^nougsl out revelry t 
Lo how we brawl for a beggar's sake Ϊ The hall-glee now 
01 the glorious banquet must die if the best to the worst shall bow." 

Out spake in Ihe midst of Ihem all Te]em4cht:s* sacred might : 
" Sirs, ye are tnad, and the meat aud the wine of your feast this 


Bewtayeth itself- Ye !ir« driven by a God io your own despite ! 
Ye have banqueted 1 gel you i^oae, so soou as ye list, to youi ic»t ; 
Biit for no man's pleasuru I drive from Odysseus' hall any guest," 
So Ihc brave young voice rang clear, and biting their lips they 

heard, 410 

Half wondering, half in fear, that stout aud defiant word. 
But Amphiiionius cri^ tu ihe rest, and he utTered his counselling-^ 
Son of Nisus and goodliest of Ihe line of Arf Iug the king :— 
^^Kricnd^, no man sure would be wroth for a just word spoken 

aright, [and spite- 

To requite it with railing spe-^ch and with Thoughts of mischief 
Meddle not with the stranger, nor buffet, nor any be^ideof the thralls 
That pass to and fro in your sight in the hero Odysseu&' halls. 
Let tlie cupbearer pour us the drops of libation, our hanr|iieitr>«nd ; 
And so will we pour to th« Gods, and home lo our sleep will w« 


BOOK xviiL of ^omrr, 245 

But the stranger- wight id the halls of Odysseus leave we alone 420 
In Telemacbus' hands, for the house and the guest-right thereof are 

his own," [fain. 

So spake he, and all at the board that sat of his counsel were 
And the hero Mulius poured anil mingled the wine again — 
The Dulichian herald of lord Amphinomus' princely train ; — 
Then for guest after guest he filled : to the Deathless Ones divine 
The drops of iibation they spilled, and they drank of the honey- 

SΛveet wine: [tent, 

And when, the libations done, they had drunk to their hearts' con- 
Homeward away each one to his rest through the gloaming went. 


l^m pnulDpe knrto not Φl•^ϋtuΰ, buttitolts nutat knrto, 

tip tilt 0can 

IN the hush of the daTkening hall Odysseus the godlike stayed, 
Plotting the suitors' fall, with Pallas Aihen6's aid, [say: 

And the winged words leapt to his lips» and thus to his son did he 
*^ Telemachus, now must we hide all weaporis of war away : 
Leave none behind» and a guileful answer οί soft words frame. 
When the suitors shall miss their sheen, and shall ask thee touching 

the same: [more 

■ Τ have taken them out of the smoke,' say thou, ' for they seem no 
Like those that Odysseus left when he sailed for the Trojan shore. 
But marred, wherever the wreaths of the fire'reek wont to roll. 
And another fear and a greater Kronion hath put in my soul, lo 
Lest perchance ye be heated with wine, and ye break into strife and 

jar, [mar : 

And ye wound one another, and shame the feast, and your wooing 
For the steetof itself hath a spell, anditdraweth men on unto war-'" 
He spake ; and the sou, to obey his father s commaud, forth sped ; 
And he called Eurycleia the grey nurse forth from within, and he 

said : 
** Mother, come keep me the maids in our halls aloof from us here. 
To the end I may store in a chamber my other's battle-gear, 
The fair arms lying so loug unheeded and smoke-denied, 
While my sire was afar from his home, and myself was nought but 

a child ; [30 

But now shall they gather soil no more from the hearth-fire's reek." 

And in answer to him did his dear nuise Eurycleia speak : 
" Ah but I would, my son, thou wouldst rouse thee at last to stand 
In defence of thiue house, and wouldst guard thine own from the 

spoiler's hand 1 
But tell me, who shall thy torchbearer be as thou toU'st in the night. 
If thou wilt not suffer the handmaids, who else had given thee light? " 
And Telemachus prudent of spirit answered the woman and eaid : 

UtiF ffMiptffff? ot ^omrc. 



*' Evtn thb stranger ; for nunc ^hall in idlcn^^s ^C i^f my breed, 
Dut my bouni/ his toiimuitl rojuiLc, though he come a ΐ^ a iftT'iJ(niycd 

Unwtnged vrskS the word as for £if;lit. nod it sank deep into bcr 
Now tbe doors of the gr^it bill ian hich she l>;iticd, and thereupon 
U(»riscth OJys^tiis in h:i.sle, upiiselli hts i^loriuus son. [jo 

Acd the WAr-s}neld« boes-L^sl lidded and Mmeta forth ihey bore ' 
Ard (he thirsty «podri unblcx>d«d : Alhen6 elided beforo 
With a golUcD lamp» that «bed all round its Deautiful raya. 
And TehmadKis suddmly sa\d to hia father In wildeir«<d ania^e: 
■' Ο father, what marvel of marveU h«r« of our eye* U Men ! 
Lo, bow the walls of xYtc halli and the spaces the columna bcivrton. 
And the beanja and llic faflcr^ of ftr, and the pillars' slalvly height» 
As ihQUgb they were burning with fire, are aglow with uneanhly 

light I 
Surety a God is within, of the dwellers in hcaTcn-donic wide/' 40 

But Odysseus the manifold'coimsdlcd spake imtohimand replied: 
" Keep sitenre, λπΛ bridle thy thoughts, and quc^Lion norhing thereof* 
Lo, tbi£ is the went of th« Gods who abide in Olympa:^ above. 
Now pass thou away to thy rcM '. but here will I yet remain. 
Thai my «tory may kindk tlic he-arls of tlicquee^ and bei hand- 
maid ^rain : 
For thy mother n.-ilJ ask m« of all, Lnhereonrow^Lndyearmni; pain." 

So he h<:cdcth hi^ father*» bebeeCf and Jortb is Tdemachus gone 
Froijk The hall to his c^amb^r of refits— 4nd before him lh« torcJiea 
shone, — [bcme: 

To the bed where ersi he had lain by the sweetitCM of sleep over- 
There now is he letting :igaii], aad he wailctJi the bl^s^^J motu. 50 

In The hu^h of the darkening bolf Ody^-^u^ the godlike stayed; 
Plotting the £tittors fall with Paling Aihenu'eaid. [gone; 

Now Ponclop* pawii|f'Vfia<i from her bower to tbc fea^-lull is 
As Aitemis fair lu the eyes, wi as Aphioditf, she ftb^^ie. [btought 
And to where the hearth-fue burned, a couch for their lady they 
Uf Bi]\^r and ivory luraed, which the craitsman Jcmatius wrought. 
And all oC the Mlbaoie piece a footstool be added ibcrcto 
For Ehe feel of the i^ueen; and a fleece soft-carded thereover they 

So the lady of the laod eat down on the fashioned chair; 
And the wniLa-aimed I^Dtlmaid^bandi fioiii tbc hall of the womea. 
there 60 

'Gan clear the broken bread and the tables fragment spr^xd. 
And the cupo, whence a little before men drank amid noting wild- 
Acd brands did they caat cm the floor froeu the cressets : thcieover 
they piled (mght, 

Fa^Tgoc and billet, for h^bt and for heat through the 5b;id?s of the 
And Melantho turned ooce morrc 00 Odysseus and foully reviled : 
"Stranger, still ibrpu^b the nii^hl wilt iboa here be vexing us ihuK, 
pTuwling about the palace, and playing the spy upoc us ? 

Ovit ί get thee forth, ihou wrclch, and feast on thy bcRjiar"» More, 
Lett a torch he the wa that nball »mitc thcc siod Jiivc frcjui the 

palace -door " [70 

Stem iiownm^- uu^wtrred Udys^dtis the maiiifold'C0UueeU«4 wi^ht : 
" Thou cjuean, what haai Ihou (o do to browt>cal me iu thy spilo ? 
It it t^ccuu^r I Άίη evil-arrayed cLud foul Ea the ^i^htj [unto ; 

And fio bei^i^ing froni door 10 door ? I am even constrained cbere«' 
For thus mu^C thi.' bok;;^:ir and homelttes wandtiroi ever do. 
Tims was when I in a princely palace was woHt to live, 
A wealthy man, And oft to Ihu ^^indfier thf-n would I φ\€, 
Wbosodv^r be were, whAtsoever his need, it mattered not : 
I hjid thrAlle vintold, and with nil things else was my bliss fidl'fraiif^ht 
Thai art: foLiiid with the n)cn that arc rich aLd arc piAJsed for a 

happy loi- 
Bitt Zetjs broti^ht tuin, for £o wa« hi« pleasure ooncerning rod. 
Wherefore beware ihoii coo, lest thy bravery pctish from thcc, 
Wheiem ihou suipa^aest the le^t of the maidens thy fello^vs ihat 

be; [thee and bum, 

Lest the flame of the wrath of the queen should be kmdled upon 
Or OiyssEUS should come, for yet U there hope of the hero's return. 
Βτιϊ ^nd if he halh |jeiished, if uever a^ain they shall \afik on hi^ 

Yet the son m his i^txidUhead is alive by ApoHo'fi grace ; 
And the woman that waKoth wanton, and liftclh a ahamelcs» brow, 
Shall Teleinachus iuaiU ; for tbt^ days of his childhuud iitv gone by 

And ΐ-'οπϋίορΐ paasin;^ wi» heard aU thai the hero spake : [90^ 
And she turned with flashing' eyes, autth^rwoids of wialli uulbi*kr; 
" Never think, Ο thou reclcless and bold-faced, thai I shalJ fori;ivc 

or forget (yetl 

The deed of presumption and spate that thine heftd shall atone for 
Fdi thou kiiewe^t» full well ihou knuwcisi, Pcuidopi'» heiiit wm 

fain— [g«in 

Thou hcardest mesay it — to ask of the stTanger, &ome tidisge to 
Of my husbjtnd, secm^: mine heait is full of Lmresting pain." 

Then to the stewardess -handmaid Kurynom^ tunied &^e, and said : 
" Eurynom^p bring thou a chair, and thereover a Beece shall thou 



And thereon shall the stranger sit, andsliall tell mchistjile; andiu 
Shall he hearken iu um when 1 usk of the ihing mine heart would 
learn/' {haste; 100 

She spake, and a polished chair did the stewardess bring with 
And she sci it before hei there» and λ fleece Ihereovci :J]c cast. 
So there in his beg^ar-gni^e sal Odyssevis the godhlce man : 
And PeneLop^ pasiinii-wise with ea^rer words began: 

"Stranger, of all things tint this thing would I have thee say ; 
Who ait thou ?^thy nation? — thy dty and paientR, vrherA 
they ? " 

BOOK χτχ. 

if fcomrr. 


And Oi^ys^ufl the tnitailcld'Counscllcd answered the queen and 

leplied , 
*• Ο queen, no morlal of all on the eirth-pUin bouEdless-witle 
May &ad any Uuh ϊΐΐ thee, lor thy tame to the beavens luith soared, 
A* the Umc of λ clorious king, a god-revcririg lord, 
Who luleth a miglity people aiirf stiiing in tSu; Imtlle'lieltl• liu 

And maintaineth right oousness, and the e&rUi doth her increaiM 

Of wheat aod of barley and huh low-cuivtui; the latltn trees, 
And of flocks in Ui^ meadows, and ti&lk poured fort^i from ibu Iceni- 

Because of hU justice : and wise afc his people to do that U right. 
Wherefore. I pruy thee, of other things question me here ihis night ; 
Bui <,€ek not 10 know of my race and the land that fostered me ; 
Leal reTTtembrance burden my spirit the more with misery. 
Forlorn are my days and si^hdadcn : but surely tinsecmly were ibitti 
LamenlirR to sil in the hall of strangers, and shadiJw iheir blis^. 
For an evU thing it is without surcease 10 moitrn, uo 

The servants, yea thou thyself, might behold me with anger and 

scoin, [with wine/" 

Siiying, * These be the dntnkard'» leaT»^, fm the man ts but heavy 

Aniiwered the wisehcart queen, the child of a hiE>g1y line : 
^* Ah £trangcr, no, but all my l>cfluty and goodhbuad 
The Deaihiess destroyed, when over the waters the Afgives fljwd 
Vato Troy, and with Ihem mine husband Odvfiseus passed oversee. 
Ah. sliould he cotnc ba^ck aL^uin, a defender ot mine and me, 
Greater than ever then and fairer were my icnown : 
But now have I augt-iiih. for inniWcs untold have the Gods ient down- 
For all the chieftains thai rule m th» klands lying around, rjn 

Duhchiumr SamCr ZacynlhuK moreover, the forest 'Crowned. 
And all the princes that dwell in lihacn*» far-socn i*Ie, Γ^οΐΙ. 

All tliese come wooing. — 1 Eoath^; Ihem, — the house they devour and 
Therefore to strangers' and suppliants' storiefi 1 eivtt no heed. 
Nor to tidings of heralds whose voices be helptiu in tin^e of need. 
But I yeam for Ody^cua : mine heart is pimng my bosom within ; 
And my suitors pre^ me hard, but the threads of guile t 8pin : 
First did a God put a thought in imineh^aiCIo escape from cnydoon^, 
Even to wcAve in mine halls a web at a stately loom. 
Ample and tine of tbrrad, and straightway 1 Answered and said : s^ 
' Yonrh5^ suitors to nie, wnce verily godlike Odysseus is dead, 
Tarty, how eager soeer far my bridal, until I have wrought 
Λ shrcud, — for 1 would not the work of mine hands should come to 

naught, — 
A winding sheet for the hero Laertes, a^'alnst the day [away ; 

When the baneful doom of the ouKtret<:h<-r Death shall snatch hun 
Lest Achaia's daughtet^ a: me should in indiKoation be loud, 
If he, after all his wealthn should be lying without a ^iioud.* 
So did 1 speak» and lightly consented their lordly will : 


tltlf flXipffiSfp 

BOOK xi: 

Th«nt through the day nt the great lall web wuu I weaving sciU : 
But At ni^ht 1 unravcUcd it λΙΪΙ ViiXh the toTCh&^t besde ir« ft«i, i 
Tbrcc yeiir* by my wiles were tbcy bifQcd, ami wmt mistrusted 


Bui ΛΧ l2£t when the fourth year belield Che i^asons onwjird gUde, 
A^ the im^nths waned fast, mxa many α day wa3 born and tli^. 
The:), through my handmaid^t the qucA&?i that hid no care for me, 
They Clime on me there and raa»;?]! me. and chiJtle witli rtie bitterly, 
Thuu in my heart^e despite perfotce 1 finished tt. 
And now can 1 nowise escape tto marriape, and fadetK my flrit 
For any dcvite bc&itlo ; and ivy parents aie uii^iny iiic *aro 
To b* wetlded, and cbafeth my son at th* was:ers of his store : [v 
Vm, be seetb and under stand«th ; br non* unto τηλη is tie gTOwni 
For a w&rdcr of the house and a winner of hcro-rcnown. 
Howbdl telJ uf tliy biiLh and tliv Und . fox col cf th« «lock 
Of an oalf-iroe old in story att inou, nor the child of A rock." 

And Odyssous the maLmfold-couneellcd epake to her ontwexiag : 
'■ U noble wife of Odysseus the son of Laertes the kinKi 
Will nothing cnnic:nl theebvit (his the race of the Granger to know } 
Be it so: I will tell thee; — sh me, thou art whelming me <ieep9r ύ 

Well may the grieF-lide swdt, when «l man πΐη^ΐ speak of the hoi 
From the wiiicb for so weary a while liis feet have beeu forced 

roam, , 

Tossed ever from dty to city forlorn τη misery• ζ•_ 

Howbcit niy talc will I tell, and the thin^* that [hou askcst nf me- 
There lieih a land in tiie midst of the wash of ihe dark sea<5well, 
Tbe fair fat land of Crete ; and the folk in that ^^le that dweU 
Are η host untold, and dties have they fuiiisccre and ten : 
And iheir speech is of ilivers icngiies ■ therein ite. Ach*an men. 
Great-hearted Eteocretans, Cydonians bow^renowned^ 
CrcEt-tossing Dorians, and gotlhlce Felasgians there be found. 
There atandelb Citossua the mighty, wheco idgned in days gone 
Kine elonoiia ysirs Kin^ Mmo«. the friend of Zeus most bigb. 
The Sire of my mighty^hearted father Deucalion, tl 

Of whoso loins wiliial Idomeneus sprang to sit cm bis throne• 
Dut he went in ihc liuok-ptowed shipi for the sons of Aueus' famct,^ 
Unro Ilium to northward. And Aethon they called my gloriotJS 

Yet, seeing th&t I was the younger» they counted him ever the best* 
Bvcn there J beheld OdySMu% and gave him the gifls of a guest. 
Fcr the «night of the wind had carried him down to the land of 

BufTeting wide of Maleia hie Troy ward -speeding fleet : 
So by EiliLhyia's cave in Amnisus anchor he cast. 
In a perilous roadstead and ccaniJy screened from the wrath of tbe 

blest. [ιςο 

To the dty he baatedt and tfaen of Idomcneus froiigbt he to h^Lr 



35 1 

ΤτΤΓ ft^^jflJftnt ΊΤΊ fovBAnd in worship he held the king full d^tr. 
O'er WraU'lbe come, ior by then 'tw«6 the tenth or devenih Oawa 
Since the chief in the bCAk-prowcd Kit }lcyd lo Ihum'&shorfthftiJ^onei 
Then L tixtk lo nime halls thy loid ^iih piint^ly vrelcoming. 
And enrreaied him kindly, nnd ςην^οΓ my we^rh thegifis of η king. 
Yea, to hvm and his battle-feliows that fo]}owed the hero to var 
Did I givuof the m^l Uom the gamer aQdHame-euahed wine good 

And oxen to slaughter for meat, that Ihdr soni might be satisfied. 
There did the godlike Achsenns for twelve days' space abide, 
Wcalhcr-hound by a hLirnc&ncnorth'Wind : ttoTtc on the earth might 

stand ΐοο 

For the fury thereof; for therein was a God's afHicticfi hand. 
But the wind on the Cbiftcenlh ticU, and the galleys sailed from the 

So framed he m^inifbld fie^ subtle «fashioned in truthful scpming. 
But the ti*rs ran down from her eyes, and her wasted cheeks were 

streaming. [abroad 

And as fiom a mountain's crown the snow, that was ^catteced 
By Ihe wese-windp wasteih adown to the platns, by the ea«t-wlnd 

thaixed : 
And as fdiicth its dazzling fleam the nvcr^ swell broad sweeping ; 
So w*^icd her cbeeka as the stream ran fast of hci biUet ucopiuj,', 
At Khe wepl for hef lost beloved, who Kat ftvcm then by her Vnee- 
And the soul of Odys^cuu was moved with ruth her tCh'ireto sec; 7tO 
But hts eyes were steadfast 'Sel a^ horn or as steel the while : 
No q^-iiver, nor eyelaih wet betrayed hini. the perfect in ^-uWe. 
But as soon as the heavy patn ai hcT heart bad been eased by her 

She lifted her face again» And she npake in OdysscMa* ears : 
"Now stranger, liow, I wren, will 1 m-ikc assay of Ihy tnith^ 
If tny lord with his godlike wamor-mates in ver>' sooth 
Were guests al the fca«t in thine balls afar, as sayeth thy word; — 
Tell nie wbal m^iiiiet of vesture arrayed the limbs of my lord, 
And what manner of man he was, and ihi?y of his war-fdlow train." 
Answering spake unto her subtle ivii ted tJdysicus a^ain ; aao 
" Hard is it for one thnt beheld him but once, and long a£0, 
To tell of his presence ; for nuw 'lis thr twentieth year, I trow, 
Since he turned from mine halls, and pamed from my fatherland hr 

Yet will ] tell how cometh aback his image to me. 
A mar tie Odyiwusthe godlike wore in fold o\'ei fold; 
Crimson it wae^ thick-woven^ and rtatpcd by a brooch of g^ld 
With sockets twnin, and the face thereof hill cunnint^lv wrought \ 
For thercOD was a hoiiiid, and a fawn beneath his forefeet CAu^ht ; 
And he glared on the prey as it writhed, mra marvrllr.d looking 

t thereon, [the fawn, 130 

tie SO\a was alive, hov the deerhotind jclared oa he stranjcled 

1li}i SDtf&iSsj 

BOOK xi 

Which convulsively kiclced wicli iu feel in aeonis^d fitrafn to be fr< 

And 1 marlied how the κ^^Γπΐϋπϊ glanced on !ii:i body radiantly ; 

Fioe aa iht rind that enfultlcth a -tun-dned acalliou il i«omect 

So toftj ^o srtioorh vc&^ its sheen, sina bnghE as ih^ stm it glesmedl 

Ahi niiuty a womaQ gazed thoreoa iiiitb wondering eye ! 

Tb:a too vrill I tell thcc. and dcop in X^y brciist let my &ayiD^ lie: 

I kiiuw not if this wftb Odysseos' atliri? in his i^laod ηοπισ* 

Oi was given of a friend what lime he sailed thejifc over the fosm, 

Or porchancGo£ciStrAn£;or; forEricnds had OdysseueafarjindftDeftr, 

For in a11 Achaia-liad ΐΕιου scarce shouM^C find hia pM:r. 

And t gave him a lira/r^ii hwoid and a faif cWk piirpU-'^TowJDgB 

DOklble-fi^Mcd, a iLtnic withal adcwn to the feet deep-Howing ; 

And will] honoLirand worship I sent him Away o'er the pathr• of 

ihc &ca. (he; 

There Wfts with him a herald (hat numbured a few ycat* πκ»<! than 
And for hxm, what manner of man be wan will I tell ihee now : 
Bowed iQ the shoulders, artd swarihy, with curled locbn nbadioR 

And Euryh:ites had he to name, and fnr beyotid th« re^ 
Did Od^rsseub i«|^arii him, hi «ven as his own were the thotightfi 

hh breast/* 

In the heait of the Lady anew did a passion of woeplug awakcv 
As slie knew the ti^kens for inie wheieof Odvssens spaVe, 3' 

έο when the hAd eased her bre^ist with the bdtter sweet dewfalj 


She lifted her voice, and addressed her speech to tlii? stranger again : 
'' Stranger, or ever thy stoiy was told my eiompassion hadst thou ϊ 
But worship and love shall be thm« in the halls of my palace now. 
For 'twas 1, cvcG 1, ihal Folded the gjit ntcut^ wheicof thou bast told, 
\Vheji I gave hini ihem out of my bower, and the brooch of the 

fihmmg gold 
I laid on him, to grace him withal,—! slinll welcome him never moro. 
Nor see hini reUn ning home to his owL• deal fathorland^^hoTe i 
Ah, in an rvil d;iy went Odysseus forth in hts sisip [al 

To look upon Ihum the ciirs^d» whose name is as g^t on the UD 

Answered Odysseus to her, and Ihc wily of wil ^ipahe on: 
"Oh quccnlyOoble wife of Odyssrrus Laertes' son. 
No longer with weeping mar thy Lwauty, nor pine any more 
For thy husband with heaut-strickeo moan: yc?t I blame tbce m 

therefor. ^ [would moui 

Though Λ tnan were not such as thy lord, yet the widowed wuni^n 
For the arms that had clapped her, the husband whose children her 

bosom had borue» 
Ayi for a les^r timn he, who was like to the Gods as they tell: — 
But cease from thy lainentaiioi}, and heed my sajirig well. 
For without fail now will I tell thee, I will cot hide this word. 
How that already cooccrninc^ Odyaaeiia' return I hnve heard. a" 
Anigh thee awhile he abides on the wealthy Thesprot shote 


of ΙισηίΓΓ. 


AUvft, and th^mce i* he hrinpini: abuntUne tresisnre.stnre. 

For he Asked of th« folk, and ihcy ^ve; but his de^irioved maces 

bath he lost : 
And llie hollow %hip wt^nl clown in ihtt darh sea temp<ist-to&^ 
At he came from ThrinacrU's isle ; for the apger of Zeus was his 

bane, L^^• 

And the wrath of the God of the Suu» whow kinc Ub fclluwb bad 
Mid crashing of surg» they peiishtid, the deep sea found chera 

graves; [waves, 

Gut he clunic to the galle/e \tte\t end was ehorewaid hurled by tho 
To the land of Phf aciAii folk, that &rc kin to the Dwellers in he^vea : 
And of rhe^ loOdyssEusas unvoa god high honour wa^ given, ΐβο 
Many gifts they bestowed, and fain ha.d they sent thine island- prince 
Scatheless and toilless homeward ; and here had he been long since, 
Dut be counted it more fot hi& gain to loani thioti^h many a land» 
And to gather htm weatih of strangers, the gifts of the bountiful 

For Odysseus is wisest of men in the gain -craft's mystery, 
And of all that be born but to die no master liiereln hath Ite- 
Thns Phcidoo* the king of the folk of ThcsproTia, told nnto me ; 
And he &^x'arc unto me. as in hail the wine of libation hv poured* 
That the galley was launched, and the shipmcn ready Ιιϊ j^o flboiird 
To 5peed nJni o\ei the seas to his own duur fatherlaudi ^yo 

But he eent me away before, for a galley with Thespiols manned 
For Dulichium's land wheal -wciiichy was spreading her wove» wing. 
And he showed lo mt idl the gathered wealth cifOdysuud the king. 
ΟύΟΐΙ soc»th, to the tenth generation his hoii^e might live ther«on : 
So huge was the trea^uxu-heap that within the king's balls ehone. 
But Odysseus, he said, to Dodona wds i;one, to learn the behest 
Of ^us fruni the oak di^ioc, the d^rk tree lohy-Iies&cd, 
Whether openly he shoulfi come unto IlbAca'»^ fruitful ΙκΙπ, 
Or in secret : for now had he wandered thence for a weary whilfi. 
Ycftt be is safe , he shall conic in a Mjd den -joyful day : 300 

And his feet sh^ll linger from friends and iron] fatherland far away 
Not long ; lo now with an oath I confirm the word that I *ay : — 
Let Zeu5 most highest and best of the Deathless hear my word, 
And iheheArth whcicnnto 1 amco^ιeof Odysseus ihy princely lord Τ 
Surely in all these things shall the truth oF my words lir? shown : 
In this year, even in lh:s, shall Odyisetjs come to his own. 
As the old moon wancth away and the new is at point to rise.*' 

An^werrd and ^pdike untv him PeuelQpf passing-wise : 
'* Ah stranger, [ would this «ayin^f of Lhine fulfdled mTrht be f 
Tbea eho jldst thou know my kindnese, and many a gtft from tne, ^lO 
So that huppy should&t thou be Accounted of whoso tnel with the•. 
But tbere lies on my heart a foreboding, and so shall it fall, I trow ι 
Nevermore shall Odyseeiie come home, nor thou by our help ^halt 

go [h^U 

To the >ourac that thou would» : for no such lords arc found in our 


'UTtrr SDO^fTt? 


Λβ Odjeewoa the pMdo» of m«D was, if ever he lived aE a 

Wbo Idle him wouU spMd the ^cfui^tinx. woidj welcome ihe com- 

itt^ gupsii- [hie rest 

Bm^ my Euindmnidca». woAh yc the iUrAn£cv,Arrayyc the couch for 
Wi^ bcti'geftr aad «hinioK nij>, «nd with mantlcA ovcrstrauLi, 
TbAt restful and wftrni he may lany ihc coming of gnid-thrnnii^ 

U]r gwai shall yc bAibe aj^d «aoiot it cftdieat morotDg-tidc, ji 
Tq tbfi end he niity sit v^ithia by my aun TeJcmachus* adcr. 
Flatting ϊο hall ; and if au^hi of detpiitrful wrongshall be wrong] 
!!1 uhill it bft for the doer, the bruUisoule<l, and nought 
Sbftil his moUcc ftvail htm here, though hU wrath wax Dcver sohoU 
For how itboidd»! ilioo know lue, tttiauger, ot w«jt if Pcoriopi's 

Hath wisdom aboro hor ie4loti<B, or coun&eJ more th&B the rost. 
If tbou ait ftl the mnt in a boegat'» fuubeaa and vile «fray 
In mifie halls? Soon fadeth the How^iTof thtilifc-dAy of maa away] 
Aod whoAO ifl rttthJ^es, whose βου] ίΐηΐο pity doth never bead. 
All pray that his πύο nuy coma with woe at his latter end ; 
And over bL» ^rave the ciums of &.11 rkd flnp doik wia^ 
Bur whoM Id aotde of heart ^nd deviseth liberal things. 
The gueet and the etraogvr beareih af^r his sprcadiDg bmo 
Amoa^ist all folb, and ta men's mouths gionous mwoth hieoi 

Ma^ AtisA^r OdyfiSCU8 to her, and the vrily o? wit Spake oa : 
" Ο qtieenly-noMo wiie of Odysseus Laertes" son. 
Of k truth I have had no h«art for mantles gli^tCQiog^y, 
Since the hour when Creie'a snow ct est cd niountaiAS rAded away 
Tn the afung) as over the surges my lort^-oared ship firw fast ; 
And fain would I lie as th£ sleeple&s nights heretofore have | paaseiL* 
For many α ni^ht have 1 lain upon eoLSchcs exccadmi^ vile. 
And wailed through weary hoars for the gold-throned Dawaia)f'i 

Neither seem to my soul the fooC bath la vers in anywise sweet ; 
Neither would 1 that any woman should i^ct her hand to my feet. 
Not one of thine handmaids that piy thcit tasks by bower and bal 
Eicept iho^ hast with thee a woman old and diiicreet withaJ, 
VVhoeecpirit as mine hath buen hardship- burdened and woe- fordone 
I would not bcg^rudf^e that my feet ahould be handled by such 


Answrrrd Penelopt passing-wise to tlie hero divine: 

" Fdend stranger, new cm this hath there come to xhi^ hall of 

OllDC• 3jO 

Mid^i the welcome wayfiti^r^ from far, any man so wise as thou; 
So passing [Jiftcreet are the words that thy wiae lipa ntrer now. 
Now an aged womfln in fipint e^ceedine; pmdent nave It 
Which bare on her knees ihai hauler» man in the days ^one by ; 
Her handK wrre the first that held him and bushed his new-1 


of Corner. 



EvMi alie ^holl wash thy re&t> alheit her Mrongtb h but frttil. 
Come now, M^aij upon thy (cct, Euryxluia the pM6ing-wisc : 
\VAi;h him that ifiold as iby lord: — yea, litirh, ak it «Rem); in mine 

Are the feet of Odysseus by this, and such ahali my loid'a hand» h<t [ 
For eld soon bowrih the folk ihai be comp^^sed with misery." j6o 
Then the woman exceeding old did her &ce with her thin hand* 

hide ; [cned : 

Hot tears through her hngers rolled, as the word of lamontinf: she 
** Ah me for my helpless lovol dcai scin, how Zeu-t hath ^bboned 
Above aU men the man that liath loved htm, and givtri him hate 

for reward 1 
Never yet to the Thundor^lorer hath any man burnt fat ibigb» 
Sii oil» and [he ch^Hct] victims nf bti:;ilim]b>iuc:nfii:ei 
Aa thou ilidttt render, and vvtr did^t pray to be Ho β>Γ« on 
To an eld ci peace and of bUsa, and lu roar Iheo a Klori'^tis son• 
And nvw batli he taken the day of ictuin fimu thee— tlice only ί 
Evfn now, il iti&y lie, in my lord in a fur land fnemlleaa And lonely. 
In ft princely puUc«, the whiJv the «comfitl handmaids i«er, [370 
Even as these, the shamole^^, have &Ϊ] made mock λ\ thee here. 
TLiou ahnukcht aback hvm the lluulbuitU ihe maoifold scoflsof the 

train, [^in 

That Ehou sofTerest not that they wash thM»; but thin wilJ 1 do full 
At the hcsl o! korius' daughter, the lady in wisdom divine- 
r-f>r her sake iherefoie thy feet will 1 wast, yea also for thine ; 
For mine heart within me is to^ced by a tantpwt of care* lo-dny. 
But come now, hcarkon the word that my Upe am movod tosay: 
Full many a woc-woru atianger bath come to our balJi^. I wis ; 
Yet never beheld I another save thee so like him thbi : 380 

For in 5tattire, in voice, and m ieet, thou λΠ even a* Odysseus Fi " 
Swiftly made answer OdyESCue in manifold conn!»}!» wi^e : (eye« 
" Vea mother, so ever they say, evc:i all that have seen with Ibcir 
Us IWHJn, how that wondrons like we are in mclward fweming» 
As thyself hast discerned of thy wisdom, and mteret&t forth ihv 

deeming/' [her lordi 

Then the ImndmAid old, for the washinK of him that she Knew not 
Broui^hE tlie laver of brass broad > flashing ; cold water therein hath 

Lshe poured, (hfe* glOTt' : 

And aho mmplcd the hot therewithal, and be sat by the hearth- 
Yet he tuf neJ bim ttiat .sl:adow shonid fall on hiu face and hi& limbs 
helow ; [ecar beiray, 390 

For there Hashed on his spirit the thovigbl that tho light «honld lus 
And the doioia in secret irrou|;bt iu a moment be bared to the day. 
She drew nigl, and her king ahe wa&hed : — eftsootts she [narketh tlie 

That a boor's while tusk had gashed Ichk ejfo in tho woodfaod war, 
What time to ParnAssus he came, where Autolycus dwelt with hb 


ff flJttpffeep 

Tiw siic of hU mother, whose fame cvcrpa-ti&cd all carih-bors 
In LTdfl and in ihwnrtwLfie-liinuiiK nf uaths, by a God made wiav 
For to Hormcs fuEl oJt was be butning atccpubl* vicliiti*" ihighi. 
Of inmbn nnd of IcidHf and nye wcnl the God by Ιιΐΰ tncfid'& nqbt 

Nrw Amolycas came on a day uuto Ithaca'^ fruhful Uad» 
Ami behold, the ne^i- born son of his daughier there b« &«««; 400 
And the hclpk^a little one I^urydem hath set on his knoee. 
When Ibe mcaf tj( the even was done ; and she apaJte. anti her words 

wprc these : 
" Autolyco», tind u£ a name thyself» and bestow ii now 
On thy datigbtor's darling, the child of many Λ prnycr and vow." 
And Aulolycu^ optined hks tip^^ aod the bodeful aa&wcr cejii« ; 
*' My son-in-law, and my daughter, be ibk the young rhtld'i^Tiaine,- 
OdiouE is in:my λπ one unto me that have hitnerward hie<l> 
Odious are nkcnfi>]k and woir^en on fostcHng earth that abidOr — 
Wherefore his nAme be Odysseus ; and I, in the days la conic. 
When a stalwart Ud and tall 10 his mother's maidenhead 'homo 410 
Or the slope of Farnasstis, hecometh^ where Uetb my wealth'» in- 

Thereof will I give him, and send hini rejoi<:iiig tliencc iu peac&' 

So went Odyfiseuft to claim the prcniise of splendid yifts : 
Ard Autolycus, soon as he came, with the &oii^ oi the Ruucfu] 

Greeted him lovingly with speech and with hands warm-grasped, 
Acd his L-ractldame Aiuphithet 10 her heart Odysseus clasped ; 
And she hissed the head oi the lad and both his bwutiful eyac. 
And sltaighlway Autolycua bade the sons of his gloiious line [ear ; 
Tha! the supper be dight, and they 10 thi^ hest of their father gave 
And they led to the court straightway a etall-fud five year et«r ; 420 
So they ftayed it, and each man fell to the work,aDd ibey quartered 

the bc^si, [CeaM : 

And they carv-^d it feaily and well» ai^d tbey spitted The flesh lor tb< 
And they toasted the roost with slcitl, and to each his ponioa ^ve. 
So all OAy long, until the sun's nm dipped in the wave. 
They feasted with t,'lee, and their soul Jacked nought of the ineai 

and the bowl• [deep; 

And the sun sank down in the west, nnd the folds of tho dark hung 
And ther gat then^ unto their rest and received the gift of sJccp. 

Out of her niisuveil grey ihe Ro^y- fingered shone, _ 

To the hunting they hasted ^way, boch the hounds and each tall eon 
Of the prince Autolycus; hied thego<lhkc Odysseus with these. 
And ihcy came lo λ sleep hill-side uvcrn^anilefl with forest trees: 
Parnasiius i| was» and anon lo the windy gorges they came : 
And by this was tbe elant rud sun just smiting the meadows with 

As he TLisa from the softly 'fleelirig Ocean -stream deep'tlowiiig. 
And they camp to a glsn, i?ver beating the copses; beK>Fethem 

of pomtt. 


Tbe alcuth-hounds foUotved the »c«di, tuxd behind them with oaficr 

Tha sor)4 υί Aulolycu^ w^nt, Jknd among rhein Odysseus sped 
H&rd after tho hounds full fast, with hie jav^lia aquiv«r to slay. 
And a ton^lcct copac a1 the Um tbcy found, whctc a huge boar lay• 
Νυ winds blowing niistiEy-wet Uiiou^-lt Lhoittlticit covcit louU pieice, 
Nor til* dash of the shower, noryei I he 5ua, were herev^r so fierce. 
So thickly the boxxghs overhead inlcrlwined ; end abundantly there 
Gic^t wcallh cf Jeavc^ had been shed in the acrC'Waster's Jair. 
And ibe tiaxnp of the huniers" feet canie around, and :he boiinde' 

deep bay [atraighiway ; 

An they pressed on him : forth to meet them he leapt from his lair 
And bristling high his crest, while the iiic from his red eyes flafihcd* 
Stood at biiy ; bnt before the rest on thebnirchAd Odysseus dnshed. 
And the long spear high did be bfi in his brawny hand fast gripped» 
Eagei to stab him : but swift as the lightning the monster hath 

His thigh by tbe knee, and the tush a ghastly gash hath rent, 450 
As he caught him with sidelong rush, yet not to the bone it went* 
But Odysseus stabbed him between nght shoulder and nb<i with the 

biass. [lin ytasa. 

And clear through the breast did the keen- flashing point of the jave- 
Down was he hurled <o tbe ground with it scream, and his hie ^ed 

And Autolycus' sons came round, and they briltled themi^fary prey: 
And the gorilike Odysseus' wound with the leech-craft hunters know 
DeXtiy und wisely iney bound, aud they sUnchcd the dark blood's 

By Λ ^pf^li-chant man-Altrti:t%> and home to iheir father they wended- 
So there of Autolycut; sind his Kins was Ody^seu^ tended, 
And was heaJed of hie hurt, and tbcy g»ve rich gifts nnd rare to 

ihcir guest. 460 

And a glad good-speed they wave, as he goeth with gladsome breast 
To the dear-Toved isle where hL• dre and his mother h^il their son 
With exccfsdin^ joy, andenriuirc touching deeds in the far land done. 
And they ask him concerning ihef4:ar, and the tale thereof he tells, — 
Of the wild-boar's lightning leap, of the white tusk gashing deep, 
When he went to the wf>odIand war tn Parnassus' shadowy dcIls. 
That limb hath the old nurse ta'en. and her palm& Ihc icar en- 
fold, — [slipjieci frtiLii hei hold 1 
She hath touched it, — she knows it ni^ain. — lo his foot, it bath 
On the Uvor's edge did it fall, and the bra&s clncg rang through the 

hall. Uyo 

As swaying and sliding It rolled or the floor wis the water spilled. 
But riLftiire and anguish laid bold on her spirit : hereyes w«re tiliod 
With leers: ftnd. pasaion -clutched, wa& her throat too strait for a 

cry ; Π;' ^ 

But the heard of Odysseus she touched, and shegasped forth cn^er- 


'!L^€ SDlfPi^tf 



" Oh iKou ΑΠ he !— thou art very UdysfiMJ* my darllog son !— 
Attd I knew not m> lord till mine handflbftd rested bis body upon!*' 
Vet quivered her Ιίμβ wilh the word ns her ryes on th«r qu««R «h« 

Beinc iiilD to icU how bcr Lc>rd ΛΩά her love W4a rtt home at tbolasU 
ItuE th« qnrflti iMuM iiol ifUoce thither ftl aI1< otir at λ11 ffivc hc<^: 
I'^or Athwt turned els^vhither her ihou^hts: boi in «IcKpfrrair nc»! 
Her thro*t hftih Odywoufi cftjchi with hU nghl in λ giani ^np, 480 
And her fuce unto hift halh he brought with his Ich : ju>d with Aero- 

set lip. 
*' Nurse, w^nldst thou «I*y me ? " he Mid, " end fix thU didct thoo 

beat me in v*ib 
On th3f bowm, whonow, afLcr manifoM roil, anermeesurdritvpaio. 
In the twentieth year om come ro the laitd of my fath^tfi ά^λιη ? 
Diit since thou host hoown rue, and «eeing a God put It into thy 

Keep ci^encr, th^t none beside iti mine balls thereof koow aoghl. 
ΕΙ«» this do I tell thee— vea also my Haying' accomplishinl fthaU Μ :— 
If -10 be that a God shall subdue the suitors und^ mo, 
Kv«u thcc vnll I KpAie rot. albeit my nunc thou art» in the hour 
When ί liivr df;:ith'WHg(i in the handmaids that shame ub in lull 

and lower-" 490 

Made answer to him Kurycleia the paseiDg-vrise» and ah« said : 
■■ My son, whttt i^yin;; is thi» through the icncc ot thy teeth that 

halh firdT (will: 

Thou knowest how steadfast my s^rit is, not to be bowed ts my 
Stubbotn ae IHnt or as iron thy necrot vni] 1 ^uard 8till. 
This thing will I tell thee iuoreo%'er, and dc«fp in lliine heart be It 

stored : 
If SO be that a Cod shall o^eimaetcr beneath thee the foes of my 

tJutc thcc will 1 then tell over the woLiicn thine halls within, [sun." 
Both them ihiit bedAUj^hterc of «hame^and them that bestainlesaof 

But the man of the manifold shifts unio her epake ani;wenng : 
" Nurse, why wilt thou name them ? — 00 need hani thou to do this 

thing- 500 

I, even !. will marlc each one with diligent heed. 
Thou hold thv peace, and leave to the Gods to order the deed/* 
Then the old rursc anawcred nought, but forth of the hall hath 

slifc haslcii i [wa?tted. 

Atd foot bath- water she brought, for chut all the firgt bad beea 
So when she bad waslien bis toot, and with oil had anoioled tbem 


Odysseus drew him a seal anigh to the hearth once more 

For wArmih: and, the vc^r to screen, his tatter» thertci'erhe sprejid. 

Then spake the fair sad queen, and the wise PenclopC said: 

■■ StiJAugei, a liltlt: yet would I t^lk with tbe^- aJuitc ι [51c 

For the right and the calm sw^er sluntber^tide comerh hastily on^^ 





Vea, sweet to tbe eoncwful υπ**^ ihiE be fulled In tbe arms of sleep. 
But on me hath i God cast tTouL>Ieand^ngale]t,&meamreIes&hBip; 
For mojming and moana «lo my soUct; bj day. while, hour after 

SI Γ li -hear ted 1 hhour and loc)k cn mine h»n<tmnirls in hnlf and bower : 
But when aigtit Cometh down Μ the U^t, and ά\\ folk sink tutu rc£t, 
1 lie on my couch; but tbe thri^ng of the carc^gbosti h&mitelb ray 

With fib^rp goads prickitig my heart, that t whiI, ah, Httorly waJ, 
At the daughter dI ^jindareus, che brgwn bright nightingale, 
Trillclh her lovely song in the Hush of ihc ncw-born Spnn^, 
In the tree, ail she siLlclh rnidtwiligbl of Iravrs thick-diisienng, 5^0 
And with wavering change upon change is her echoing Gong'dood 

poured. [sword, 

As ihe mourneth her darling, her Jtylus. slain by her hand with ihc 
Slain long ago by her foily, fh^ chtltl of ZeThu5 the Icing : 
So my Jiiart U divided ia twain : to and iro h it wavering, — 
Whether to bide with my son ixnd lo watch over everything, 
Even my substance and thiaUs ami the high-tLXjfcd «latcty house, 
Having res^ieot eo the voice oi the folk απΛ th^ bed of my spouse. 
Or to yiald ine a bride, and to follow the noble^l Actiaoan and beet 
Of my wooers, wboac measureless gUt£ in nunc halls overpass the 

ml. [beafi, 530 

And my eon, whiloi he yc: wa« a child LmmJghty of hArrd and of 
buffered me not to be wod, iron the home of my lord 10 depart. 
But now b he waxen gr«at, and hath reached fair manhood's dower ; 
And Efehold, he prayelli me now ΐο depart frcmi ball iind bower: 
For his spirit ia wroth for his sti balance thai lawless Ach;canR dovotif . 
But prithee interpret my drc4Lm, and hearken with dili^^ent heed ; 
1 have twenty gecsc, and they come to the water-trough to feed 
On the wheat that 1 CAU ihem, and ga^ittg Jiiy sau hcatl wurms 

with dehght. 
Now 9 nii^hty crook-beaked eagle swooped from a mountain height ; 
And he brake the necks of them all, and ho blew tbetii ; iii heap» 

they lay 
Dead in mine halls, and to heaven's^ blue dcpih he soared away. 540 
And I wcpl and I shrieked in my dream for sorrow and sore dismay. 
And aronnti me thronging came ihefatr-lre'-seddau^htciNof Greece. 
At my ptteoiis lamenting because ihal the eagle had slain my ge«ee. 
Un a sudden the spoiler returned, and he sat dn a hali-rool be^in ; 
With the vt»cc of a man did he atill ray waibng, and cried in my 

drenm : 
*0 child of f can ue< queen far-ramouB, have no fear! 
No dreami but a vision ie thts. whcroot the fulfilmeri is• cenr. 
The geese are the suitorti ; and I am the eagle that late wa« their 

But DOW am thine huftbaod, rBtiimed unto home and to thee again ; 
And a doom of shame wilt ] deal unto all the suitor-tram/ 550 


ICtif S^tfiiutf 


^aIm 1m» ftDd eUd firona my «ydid» altin^Ut's hoaey-dew ; 
"And I bok«d. and lo, Iho ^Μ9β id the courl-yard full in view 
Ffttkiuji ctitii wbcdl at tLu Ueju^Ii. ui bcfuit; tliey urunl to do-*" 

Answenng bfr Odys^tu* tl•* manlfold-counsilliid «aid : 
" LftdyT OK CoLichmg thy dr«tm, the riddle c^naot be read 
By wrc3tiDj£ it othcnvisc ; of Odvssous' self thou hast hcjird 

nc fiiluliticnC [hereof: therein for llie &\iitors halh niui appeared. 
Yen, fcr aII ; not one of their all ^hal! esf^pe from doom and dcACb•" 

And FcnolopC passing-wise maketh ans^^'er sgaiot and tUic &Aith: 

/■ SlrxLngcr, hard to intcrprcc and wiMcricg-dark ue dreams ι ^6o 

Lnd the thitig men hope comclh τιοΙ, eot Ihe truth Is (he fbittg that 

For portals twain for the flittijtg of bodiless drcains there be, 
And the one b fashioned of horn, and the other of ivory. 
Noiv every rfieam ihnnigh the ivory cl^ίac^5m[>Dth»sawn th^t Qi 
Is d drefin^ (hat ehail noE be fulhlled, aad it hrb^cth a lale of lics- 
iJtil they Lhal come up lo the earth through the hoitigaic's polished 

Fail never, hut bring to pass whatsoever the dreamer hath seen. 
But It was net through this one, I trow, that my weird drenm cAnie 

unto me. 
Or surely a welcome thin^• unto me aud my son wouM ii he, Qjyo 
This too will I tell thee, and lay thou (o heart the Lbing that 1 uty : 
To-morrow, — α morrow accnis«d flbovc all^-shall tear me avray 
Fium Odysseus' home ; for iheta will 1 sel thorn the archeiy»prcx>f, 
The axe-play, seeing my hero of yore 'aealh hts feast -hall roof 
Would set twelve axee up, as the iib^ cf a s^^lley arow : 
Then ho ibot from afar, and through all of their rings sped the shaft 

from his how. 
And now will 1 set this trial, tbe strife cf the suitors to end. 
Whosoever of these with his hands shall the bow most eanly bend, 
And shoot through the rings of the axe? twelve ranged all in hue, 
Kim will I follow, for^iilring this tjeautiful home of mme, [580 

Dear home, that knew me a bride, with iE« wealih of abundant store ; 
1 ihall never forget it, in dreams 1 shall see it for evermore/' 

Made answer Odysseus to her, and the »uUle of wit spake on : 
"O qupenly-noble wife of Odysseu* Laertes' eon. 
No longer delay this iri:d-cortte&1 here in thine home. 
For Odysseus the manifold counselled, I tell thee, shall hiiberward 
^ com*!, 

(Oi ever Che «aicors, for all their handling che poU&hed bow, 
>baJl have ^trained the string, and have shot through the ir<>n rings 

picmted atow." 
Then again ίΐηιο him Penelop^ passing-wise replied : 
"SttaDi^er, if thou wouldsl be willing to sit In minehall&at my side. 
And tc K^&dden mci never the dew» of elumber mine eyelids would 

fitcep. 590 

Bnt this may nowise be, thai mortals never shotild sleep; 


BOOK χίχ, of ^cmet. 261 

For the Deathless ones have decreed that the season for this shall 

All mortal folk on the face of the corn-giving earth that abide. 
And for me» to my bower will I go, and my limbs on the couch will 

The couch that is grown but a couch of sighs for the weary- hearted, 
Ever made wet with my tears since the day that Odysseus departed 
To look upon Ilium the cursSd, whose name I loathe to say. 
There will I lie ; and within these walls shall be thy bed ; [spread/' 
On the ground let it be if thou wilt, or a couch my maidens shall 
Then to her elittering^bright hi^h bower the Lady ascended, 600 
Not alone did she pass from his sight ; but by handmaidens twain 

Slow went she with tired sad tread till into the chamber they stept ; 
And there for the dear days dead and the love of Odysseus she wept. 
Till Atbenfi the sleep-dews shed on her weariful eyes, and she slept. 


φί τΐ)Γ Ιαστ banqiirt of tit uttitore. απίι tttr bfat^boM 
tl)ai ramc in rtic miDot at ctjnc norinff. 

BUT OdvKMua Uid him to r«ei in ib« porchvay^hnll the whue : 
For be 8pT«ad on the ground A& undnweod bulMud«: aint! 

Eber cover a pile 
Ofininy η fleece nilhe sheep that rhe Greeks rortbrirfr^Krin^si^w; 
And abov«, when he lay as foT fiZeep, a martle Euryiiomc threw. 
So there, ^'ϊΐΐι iboijfhta oi b^nc for the cAiiiff imilot'tmiot 
La/ Oilyaseus, but iJcpt oot «o i foi tl» maids from titc leaM-half 

cum^, r&hame, 

Tbftt ΗλϊΙ wrought but ζ lilCle ago with the soitors th^ oeod of 
Willi laughter \t\a wAnEc^ word they came. And immAidenlj' j»i ; 
And irtdij-nfttion-siirrt^ w*s his spiril withi" his breast. 
Αηΐΐ hiB IhoughEs aa the tempest- whirl mged, surgttd » tfae soa> 

udc*a swell: r 

Should he leap on tbc harlots, and hurl each guilty «piitt to beil ? 
Or leavr tbiTn but this once tnore to fcvcl in shame ;»rjd tn sin 
With the suitors even &% of yore ? and hU heart geowlcd ever witKii 
And even as α ntothcr- hound i vhen f^hc seeth a ^tinnger-^ight, 
Gocth palling hct whelps an>und. md gmwleUi al'ire for the fight» 
So growled his heart, for the load of the horror was fearful to 1>ear. 
But he «mote on his breast, and be chode with the rebel that itrnK- 

^Ua there: [fuller ti^lit 

'*Huduie Jt.eadurc it> tiime heart! thou liast bonic yrt a shjinie< 
In the day when the hldeotis gi^nt, the Cyclcp« re^&tless of might. 
Was devouring thy valiant coniponioue; yet thou wast strong to 

endure. 30 

Till thy wit brought thee forth of hia cavew, who thought««t thj 

death was sure." 
So spaice he. and mighnly rdned the heart that restively leapt 
In his bie^M, and hi^ mood he rcs^trauied and Ίύ te^t uuie^^tinl kept, 
?ifradf;]Kr hk heart was and staunch ; yet himwlf lossed this way 

and that. 

nooK XX. 

iffipSptftfrp of ^omrr. 


And as when one tiimeth a pauncl^ fiUed full with blocd and with 

In front of a great fierce 6rc «vcr thii way and that, and thctcon 
SwtPS wttli inipaljent iIesiee; (oi lite luusl to be ipecdilj dciop, 
So to this s'lut^ and IhM side he tossed bimt and pondered deeply 

and long 
How lie inight fali on tlie hoel of the shaiiidcda auitor'tlircpng, 
Alone against many : hut nifih hin) Pallas Alhmii arttv : 30 

For «he «looped from ibe hftJls of the sky, as 9l woman to outward 

vievi; i«pok«: 

And behold» she stood al his head in the dimneae of ni^ht, aod ibe 
" Why wakest thou thus 00 thy bed, Ο wretched above all follr ? 
Lo, this is thine home ; lo, here is thy wife m ihine halU wi:h theOi 
And thy son, such ^ soQ a£ a man would pray that hU own mi^ht 

And the man of the manifold counsels Answered iherennio r 
■■ Yoa Goddess, thy words are wisdom, and all thy sayings are true. 
But mine heart is trouble -tusscd, and pcndcrcth deep and long 
How to lay mine hands en the host of Uie shameless Mii[OE'|hion|f. 
1 am οη&Η and alone ; bui ever Hiey meet in a crowd in mine hali. 40 
Y^a aiso mine heart ie ccrplftXecl for this which le harder than all: 
For if by the favour of Zeus and of thcc I ihall slay those men. 
Devise for me, how&hall I 'stape theie^'unKcof their kinsfolk then ?" 

And sf^'ain Athene the grey-e)'ed spake to the hero her tvCe : 
*' Bc^hrcw thee 1 a ntau would give eof to δ woiscf fnead in hia 

Yea, to a mortal, and nolbing so wise in manifold lore. 
But 1 am a Goddess, she that guardetb thee evenuore 
In all thy troubles and now an as^rancc to thcc will 1 give : 
If fifly ttoopauf men by the bicath of tbcij nostfila thitl Live 
Were set m array About us,, were furion^ to fight nnand filfty, 50 
Vet ahouldst thcu take th<iir ktne and llicir goodly shtntp for a pt«y. 
But now Jet slumber endasp ihec : ii shAll not lighten thine hciiTt 
To keep vigil the livelong night ; and soon shall ihinc ills depart/' 
Theoi the dews of dumber she poured on his eyelids th«r« ft£ he 
And tlie Guddess divine hatti soared to Olympus far away- 
When the soft Limh-Iooeer, nutying the tangle of tTouMoii-i thought. 
Had soLZod him, wretchedly lyi%' his wise wife slumbered not- 
Qn her soft couch «at she, and still she wept in her lonely woe. 
Till hci spirit had drunken ita fill of the wells whence icar^ over- 
flow; [Bow: 60 
And she wailed out a prayer in her dark deeper (o the Maid of the 
" Artemis, dAUKhter of Zeus, dread Goddcea t Ο that to-day 
Thou wouldst plant in my bosom thine arrow and talfe my life 

This instant I — Ο were! &uolchcdby a hurricane's pai^icnaie breath, 
And away were 1 swept and away on the mist-dim paths of death, 



And were whelmeil Sn Ibe ru&h of Ocean's beK:tcwArii-«vre(!|)ing 
waters! [(LiughtuTf- 

And cvcfi ftfr ihc aims of ttie stOTtn'Wind cauj;ht tip Paodu'us* 
Iheh pfueiila [[ic GotJa had dc&tioyed. λλο lli«y in cbc paUct? le 

UrphaLPf ; t>ut Aphrodite thoir fadple^e liv«£ su&iaincd 

With curds and iviih plcaanl boncy und swc^t tUitic- Bashing wiae ; 

And ii) bvclinc^s and in wUdom did Herd make ihr-m oiKshine 

AU daiielitf rft of With, una Anemis mn<1e ihcm «tatrly %nd UJI ; 

Aod in iovcl)' ]oom'V:i>rk Athnau made them wiRC Above ML 

But when Ajihroditi Ihc Goddess to wide OlynipLia sped 

To implfirn fnt her fosteT-duUghtcfH ihc hiissiif the hippy<wrd 

Of Zetift Ihc thunder-loveTp for all thinfis are under his ken, 

Both Ibc bli&s And the wretch^dneu oi the death doomed cl)i 

of n^en,-- [away fron iW ligbl* 

Then thr* Sli:jrm-Afind& «swooped on the middens and snatched ihetn 
To be haodmuids unto the loathly Furius in halli of eight, [skies, 
So may the Ueathles^ destroy me thcit dw^U in the height of the 
Of may faii-trcssed ArlemU sniite me, that flcciug my loid with 

mine eyes So 

t an^hx ραί& undi^r «arlh to the narrow house, to the mansioD at>- 

And nevet Lila^ uw lu ^luddeu the; hsuit of a UJcaner lurd. 
Ah, not too heav}' to be^ir Ls the anguish when al) da^ long 
A man jrniti weep honrt-hatinted fiyo by a trouble -throng, 
IT but sJumber enfolds htrii at night— for all remembrance flies 
Of (food things and evil, when droopetbtfaes1e^p<veiI over hiscyes 
But to ma doth a God aend dl dreamer ev«n in the slumber tido. 
For mcthougbt tbie ni^ht that there lay one JUta unto bim by i 

wde. te'^ - 

Ένβη snch as he was when he went to the war — tninr heart vras 

For 1 deemed that nowUe a dream, but a νί^η it waft that 1 hAd>'' 

So »pakc she, and trta nitb the word came the DawDing, the 

Golden-throned 1 

And Odysseus the ?o<ilike heard her voice as she wcpl and moaned. 

Sudden 'Waking: in SsLXcd surpri^> to tiis startled soul he said 

That \ui wife had pierced his disguise, and stood even thcv at hii 

hend^ \hi•. hare 

Then the things that had lieen for his bed, the cloak and the fierce•. 

To a h:^h neat the hnll within, and he laid Ihem theicon» hut iIm 

Without on ihc ground he spread '. and he lifted hi* hands Sn prayer ; 
■* /Ceus, Father, if ye, the Gods, have consenlcd o'er land and sea 
To bring me home, though ye mclcd out evil aforetime to nie« f too 
From one of the folk that be waking williin some word let me fictar 
Fait-bodtng : without may a token withal from Zeus appettr/* 

iio prayini; the hero spae ; .\llfather hearkened his cry, [Λν^ 
And a crftflh of thunder broke frcm the Cod»^ bright home ϊο the 


οΓ ^omrr. 


From the height of tlie balls of cloud ; so Odysseus rejoiced at Iho 

From williiti then spuke aluuJ n woaian of them thnt grouml, 
WbeT^arigh him Th« hAndmill^Liy of the Shepherd of Ithaca's land, 
Wh^ruAl diudged day by day twelve women, a toil worn band, 
Bruising the barley and whcut. the life and the marrow of men. 
Now ihe sl«ep of tn« others was iwt«t, for thpir portion wns ground 

by then. 
One only was toiliog 8till, for her limbs were exceeding weak: no 
Yot a monient «ho staycch h«r milt• aad a ei^D for the kln^ doth she 

Kprnk : 
" Another of Gods and men, who ffltleet enthroned on high. 
Full loud hath thy thunder rolled in rhe starbc^Euddcd sky ; [iij^ii. 
Yet clouds arc there none : hcfdu ^rl tlmu giaulin^ to duuie oue a 
Now also fulfil unto wreiohed me this saying of mine : 
May this be the last and the Littermnst diLV that the st^Ttora coma 
For the revel and feast of delight in the halls of the islc-hiiijE's bomci 
Bven they tbal have lessened my knees with toil heart-breaking 

ind ίΛΓβ 
Onndifif: their meal: thisonce may they bant^uet, and never morci" 
GUd then woa Ody-iscu»^ soul that word fairbodiug to hear, 120 
And foi ΖΰίΆ^ί, thuudcT-iolI ; fur he Jeeniud that Ιιϊκ vengeuncc was 

Now theroet of the basdmaid'thrall»!!) Odya^eua' beautiful halltt. 
Awaking' out of their sleep. Ihe fire on the hearth fan light- 
And now floih Telein>chti« hap from bit couch, η godlike wight. 
And hu clad him, and Rung around his shoulders hU blcbion keen ΐ 
And his beautiful sandahhc bound fast undci bis feet's white ?iheen: 
And a mighty spear wtlli ilie biaaa keen-tipped ία his lioi^d did he 

taken r»nd «pake: 

but be stayed him at point to ρΑ£β o'er the threshold, and turned him 
''DcarnufBo, did ye^ivcycslrcec to the stranger the st ranger'» ri^ht? 
Had be food and a couch, or untendcd lay through a coniforilcae 

night ? I JO 

For Ihue is my mother"* wont— she is Mwise ΐ yet in wisdom « dcftpite 
Bhndly with honour she welconieth meny a worser wight. 
And she sendeth the bplTer man cmpty-handei! and 5h:imRd away." 

Then did Ihe wise Hurydeia answer the prince and ίΛγ : 
" Now nay, my son, never blame her, for guiltless she is ol birtmc. 
So long as he would, did he sil and dfink of Ibc vincynid-flamc ; 
And he *aic! that he hungered for bread no more ; for she aiJced it of 

But when he bethought him of reat, wbenlbe earth wajrs all grew dim» 
Out lady gave coiiimand to her maidens to spsead liun a bed. 
But he, aia man ill-bted and utterly woe-beatead, 140 

Was Dowi&a minded on couchee and eoit-heaped nigs lo elaop ; 
But even on the hide undreamed of an ox, and on Aceces of sncep 
In the Eorecourt-ball be lay. and above him a luantlc we cAst*" 

it flDiJMtp 


Then TelciDactioa turned him Away, and fof tli oi the hall h«tfa be 

Bc&ring his laoc». andliie tIeethouiKlsioUowed iheif niaeter'B tr«ai: 
And< the sons [>f Ach^ift to mttU ho hi«d to the folkmoco-8tc«id. 

Then cned lu lici liaudriiud-tisiii Euryt-lcU ihc woiiiag ijiviue. 
Who wii4 botn fur over the main nmo Op^ and Pcisiror's line : 
" Bestir you." slit cricdt " lot sova^ of you swo&p liie palace-batl. 
And ^pHnklci and spicad, to cover the fair-wrought thrones mlhalr^ 
Tape.ttries piirple-dyed. and wasbi'd l>e the uUeso'cr (150 

With k^^QgCfi ; and cJeansed be the bowls where&om the wine thi 

And ibu Ooublc'Cbalice goblet* : aad some of you hie to the sprii ^ 
For the water, and lotier ye not yoiit pitchers liilher to bring. [siaTi 
For it ehall not be long that thd suitor-throng from our hau wil 
Eight early will they return, for this is their icstivil day/' 

Thus to the handmaids she cried, and they hearkenot with h< 

and obeyed- ;*hadt : 

So a score to the fountain hied where the streams fiasb^ cool in the 

And the refit Lhcir labour p]icd, and the tiEill of the ieAStiD^ arraycd- 

By this to Ihe foiecoun-ganh catnc the suitors" serving >irte a, 160 
And deftly and well for the hearth cteft wood ; and the faaTidnui<Is 
again [preeMd ; 

From the fountain came with Ihc water : the swineherd bclmid them 
And he bronchi tbrer boars for slnnghter, of all bis herd the Im-sI, 
But be let the beasts roam wide through the fair garths 

then ioot} ; 
But biuiself by Odysseus* ^de with kindly greeting stood: 
" Stranger, say, do ihr suitors regard ihee any more. 
Or GtUl in the halls do Ihey do thee diehonour, even as before ? " 

And Odysseus the inanTfold-coursclled spake unto bim in his tunt] 
'* Euin^u^p Ο tbat the Gods would j^ivt: iheui requital Mern 
For the llout«, for the tyrannrius outrage, the caitiff devices thi 
fTonie I 

In the house of another man, and have no whit of shame ! "* 

As each unto other Ihtj8 (hey i^pake in theix grief and their wrail 
The goatherd Melanihius drew nigh on the selfsame path ; [find, 
5he-^oats was he driving, the best that in all the eocb^ he might 
To be slain for the suitors' feast ; and hia tWO Jnem followed l>cbLnd. 
So he brotiftht them in, and fnsi to a poich-halJ piWat he lied : 
But himself on Odysseus cast the word of reviling and cfied : 
" Thou here I shall thy kiil-joy iscc be about the bouse eveimorc 
With thy begg^ing of this man and that ? wilt thou never go forth 
of ibe door ? [wis, ] So 

But as touching these dealings of thine, we shall not be at one. 
Ere 1 make Ihcc to taste of mine hand : thy bc^giuK is ^^1 amiiu ; 
U is shameless lobiiery : — what 1 are there feaat'halis aoao h\ 

So ID bie epile he said ; nought answered Odyeeeua XO bim, 


"fff liwurr. 


I All 



Ditt he silently shook his bead, darkbiooding a purpose i?nm^ 

Aitd ihete as they stood came λ thtit.1, Fhiltedus v^Linl And Inie, 
With faf iinf* goats from the herd and & cow for the suitor crew — 
Over the sea-chanocJ these by the ferrvniaa wighis were broufihl. 
By the shipmca cbat over the seas bare all that their helping sougbt- 
So ttie lii^ast^ wiih heed he lied neafh thci poTdi-hall's i^nhoiiig 
h<?iglit ; [wighl: 190 

But himscU to the «wiQeheid's ?ι4« drew ncfir, and he a&ked of the 
" Pritliee, who is the stianger forlum Ihiit is come but now to our 

Fhend swineherd, acd who be Ehe folk that hia countrymen he c^lis ? 
Vca. where b hb biilhspci found, aad the soil of hb ^thcrland 
where? [ihcrc! 

Ah hapless Wand aiai*ly his fnimc w, as though "iwert a Idcg stood 
No marvel Ihe Gods al^lict poor wanclererB to ind fro. 
When even foi kings they weave the lanclcd web of woe," 
He spake. And tht? welcoming vi^^t hjind i^avr, <Irawing rear to 
hia tide, [cried: 

And forth of his lipe Utsw the light win^vd word«, ftnd Itindly he 
" lljiiU faiher stranger ! may bliss be thy (joition in d^ys to be, 
Albnit manifold evils ihiK d;iy ;iie eikcomiuv-^in^ ihre. 300 

AllJftther, none is «o crutl as thovi of the Dt'alhlfis Ones, 

bo piticst pot the πκα whom thyctelf ha&l becotten th^ sons ; 
But thou makest them dwell with ftffiictioo, and tiLtcst widi bitterest 

Λ cold sweat stands on my limbs as I look, and mine eye? overHow 
As I caU Odysseus to mtnd, for J think that my king even now 
Is a bimielcss wanderer. tUd in even such rags as thou. 
If anywhere yet he fs living, and seeth the siin'£ dear U^hl : 
But and U he is dead by this, and iu Hadee^ hiils of night] 
Then alas for the noble Odysseus, who sot me in charge of hia kin« 
When I was but a lad. ia the isle Cephalkniai over ike l>jin« I 
Now IS the tale of theni countless : n^v&r hath neatherd Μ«η 
Soch increusc of broad-browod becvee* as of cais of corn, I ween- 
Yet these tm I bidden to hiing. the str£nger>gluuon& io feed. 
The while of his son in the ancient hnlls iney take no heed. ^Ώζ 
Neither quabe for the vengeance of God, for now are th«y huJDgir- 
To divide and devour the wealth of the long-departed kine; ; 
While the wild d^k thoughts thiouj^b my beait, a» the wmtci whirl- 
winds, drive. 
And it seemeth α caitiff deed, wliile yet his son t£ alive. 
To ^t me out of the land. yea. to steal his beeves away 
~lo a people of strangers— yet is it bitterer heie to btay 3lo 

hb herds not mine, neither his, in anguish day by day, 
iM| tog Ago to another proud-souled king had 1 gone 
Pnm^ the place where deeds no more to be borne arc doae; 
But mine hciatt is foreboding yet that the haples^s hero may Lorne 
And scatter the suitor-rout in the halls of bis ancient home." 


^tir Φ^ν^ατί 


Untc him mado flnewor Qdyt«ciu m masiEoM wudom wise : 
■' Ilcrdmarii nor wttlui nor wicked thou Meincet lobe io mine eyes. 
Yph. i}iU do I know nf ihinr Iic4rt, Ibat prudence 4bi(!<Hh tb«rc, 
WlicrefoTc 1 ftay, and a ntigbly oaih withal wiU I swear : 
Let i£cu,i. mo^t tiiffhc^ of uods, kaow now, ood the gueet-EaiiD 

beard, >» 

And Ihr licnrth, whcrconlo I uiii comer, of Oilyuetut, llijr prinnvy 

While yci thau uit biiru, to hi» htjinc slvall Odysaoue tbo lost return; 
And thiar; cyca, if ihuu wilt. bliJill bcboM him. Aod aU for tbo wtdcb 

Ihf-y ypiim, 
When Le aUyeth Uie sailors tliAt lord itbvToinlhoirihBoleDl prid•." 
Theo spike unto hii» the neatherd, tbc warder of beeves replied : 
" Ah ibiit Kioiiioo, MraTi*iU, would granl tbfti ibis ml^bt be ΐ 
Thou sbokildsi know thai the strength nf mitir hands hath not fbr- 

siLkfn me." 
Then Also Cun^K^is f>rnyed to tbc God« in the seliiuunc strua. 
That Odyssous the Ιοηκ -dcUycd mi^hl return to 1ιΪ5 home iieais. 

As each unto other thus the unknown and the faithful sata, ap 
For the feet of Telcn^nchus were Che suitors plotting to sprokd 
The dcath'Sn^re ', — swift ihiougb the sky ολ their leit sped an oc&ea 

above : 
'Tw;Lq an eagle aoarinfion high, and he clucch^ io bis talonsadovc. 
Straightway did Amphincmus cry to the rest as be boded tbeieod: 
'^Friends, not as to-day may our (counsel at slayinf Tdeitiachus speed; 
Pot the fateB ax? against us; but now to the teast let us all give 

So gave he his rede, Λαά al3 the others were vrell content, 
Acd iiittj the paUce-halJ of divuie Otlyssrus ihey went, [itnd seat; 
And tbty dolled iheir ni-niiUes. and threw lh«m down upon couch 
ADd {goodly shoop they sZfrw and Uthng i^oats icr their meat, iy> 
And slaughtered the οοΐΤ3 bugc-fcd« acd a pa:»ture' fattened cow : 
And they roasted tl^e meal^, and Ihey spread 00 the board ; acd the 

red witie now [thee. 

They πίΙχ in the bowls, and the warder of ewine daaltcupa tothcia 
And aciveth the bread in ordn Phuu^tlu^. i^aptem of men, 
In beautiful -fashioned maundy; .»nd the wine did MplantMtJfi pour. 
So the fea^ters put forth th«tr hands to tb« hsu^quet's plenteoos 

store, [to be doo^— 

And bis ^ire did the prince scat there — giving heed what wcic beet 
In the fr:]«t^hall stately and fair, and hard by the thresbold^siOM ΐ 
And be set him α low mean teat, and a tabic, a scantling board ; 
An<l he ^Λ\-ο him λ share of the meat, and the dame-finshcd wi&e 

be peured 260 

Briifht-manfling up in the goldrn cup, at he spalfp the word : 
"There ΐΐΐ thou now, and drink ol the wine with the feasting throng, 
And myself will guard thcc horn violent hand and horn railing 



of ^omrr. 


Of every suitor : this house Is no! unio all ioiU (rr^. 

For Odysseus ^nt these halls in posaessioa, LnJ ^λϊ them for me. 

And you, ye suiiorSi — bridle your Apirit iroiii thrcatomng, 

And from violent bands, Ic&t out oi it Mitfc and cuutrcilLun spring." 

So ihe br^ive young voice raBR clear, and biting Ih^r ISps they 
Half woTidcriog, half in fear, that stout and defiftnt woid. [270 

Till Antitiousi &on of Eii^ieLthe!^, spake to the rest wilh 3 taunt: 
" Achajans, awhile lei us hear with Telemachus' sTrognnt vaunt. 
Albeit he sp;ireth us not, and is doughty in threats, 1 wis ; 
For as yet Zeus leitclh cut purposes» cl!>c in his halU ere this 
Had we sllenL-cd his voice, albttil a loiid-ronijiied braggart he is/' 

Ba{ TeJemachus heard him onheediDg» cot quailed at his eviJ 
frovrnH [the town : 

And by this came the beraldsi leading: the hecatomb up throu^^h 
And the loo^-haired folk wiEh the^e the hallou'ed high-place trod. 
In the cooJ dim shade of the trees ol ApcUo the Arclicr God. 
So novf b the banquet arrayed, aod the ro«st dtawn back from the 
flame ; [380 

And to each U divided his shar«, and ihey fea^t right no1>]y there: 
But that which the henchtnoci laid bv Odys&«u£ was ever the same 
Aa they dealt unto each of thcrcstot thetcastcrs: For sowasUd^ne 
By Telemachus' strict behest, the godhke !jcro*s too, 

But Atheni lei noi the mut of ihc arrogant eiiitors rrfrain 
P'rom heart -slinging taunt and fiout, to the end that the^cxid of pam 
In the heart of Odysseus, the king of the isle-folk, should raokJe 
and sttDg- [bold : 

Now from Same's iiJand there came one lawless and Gtiamelee»' 
And Ctcsippus he had to name, that EWtor ev-il-sculed ; 
PuttinK trust in the multitude of his riches — ihe hUlc' hearted I — 
The tiiyal wife he wooed of Od^ssRiis The long-deparitd. 
Eveo he to the overweening suitors aloud gan cry: 
" Hearken, ye inantul suiEots, a woid for your ears have I : 
Nothing will serve but all ibis while yon stranger -wight 
Μ Hit share as the rest : — IwerR unseemly and wrotigful lodo despite 
To Telemachus' gtiesls, what loscl soever may come to his door ! 
Lo now, kt me give him a guest-gift, that out of his tress urc'^tore 
He toay give largesse to the bath-maid» of whomso he will of the 

Thai must wail oo his lordly pleasoie m codlike Odysseus' halls/' 

Then from his brawny band the boof of α bullock he apod, 
Snatcliin^ il out of a maund : jiast moved Odyswushis head, joo 
Tha^ il lighted not upon him : but a biltrr tmilir and a grim ;4ide 
Did he emiJe in his henrt» as the stroke on the fair-buiit wall t>y hi) 
CrAsbcd. — forth Telcmacbus broke, and fierce to Ctcsippus he ciicd: 
" r.tftsippus, well is it for thee that rbjr malice was baJfUd «t, 
That thou struckest thestrangernot,thathimself avoided the blow; 
Elac had I vcrilj nnittcn tbcc thiouf^h with α swijc sharp spear ; 


Aod tliy siro for a bridal bod h&d booa dij;^tiilg Ihy gt^ve- 

Whrrf^forr Ul none in mtnr- hnlls nffroni m^ wilh shAmrful docd : 
F<ir now have I lird^rsifltidmK to know, and «y«s to hee<l 
The evil And ^ood ; but A witless child hcruloforc have 1 been. 3:0 
Hitherto h^\c wc patientl> tiofne with the things that uu[ eyes tmve 

ee^n, [br«ad : 

Tl» rocklct£ «Itiught«r of fihocp, and tho wostinj; of win* &nd of 
Fcr if one woaM withftiiLftd a hoet, 1 trow he were hftrd-boatcftd. 
Come nOVf, iTiAke an end of yuut wron|^, yc i«ho deal with 

hofit n« η foe ! 
Hut and if yc be stcadfautly minded now to lay me low. 
Even of ihai were Γ fain, anJ better hy hi were it so. 
That ] dicil, than to loijk eveniioit; ujmti drsects of shanic and wroAg, 
On the buffeting of the titang>?r, the liuidin>ids lialed along 
Uy shameful hands through the fair halts loud with a noting throne.*' 
Hushed weie they ail a» tliey heard that stem wmth 'shivefinf* 

tone : 330 

But &t lait one took up the word, Agelauft Damaatcr's son : 
** Friends, no man sure would be wroth for a |ust word «pokcn 

To requite it with railing speech, snd with thoughts of mischief and 

spile. ItbnUs 

Meddle not with the stran|;oT, nor bufTet, nor any beside of the 
Thai pa«» to antl fro in your sight in ihc hero Odyi^aeus' hJtlls- 
Vct a word of kindly counsot fain were 1 now lo give 
U»to mother end son, an it ploft&o their soxth such redo to receive 
So lon^ A» the hc&rt in your boMins in faith and in hope mig 

That Odysseuii the pustinji-wise night yet to his own return, 
So long could none thinK ^hame that still yc dliould wait 


The suitors your hftll* within : yea, this were the more for yotir gila 
In the day of UdysseuE' retuiti^ when again he should stand in hts 

halh [UM. 

But by thi» is it plain thai the thing that ye longed for ^all never 
PrilhM now, sit thou by thy mother and counsel her thus, that stu 

Whosoever m presents o'erpa^eth the rest and in princelihead. 
So with joy shalt ihou eat and drink, and he Inrd over evcrythin^j 
Tliar was bU ; while she is the light of the home cf another Icitig/ 

Then unto him wise-vntted TeTemochus answered aga:a : 
" No. Agelaus. by Zens \ — by my father's sorrow and pain, [^40 
Who from IthLiL» fsi liaih periled, or roani^ on an alien shovel — 
I let not toy n^other from marriage : 1 bid her evermore 
Tbat she wed with the man that she will, and whose gifts &re 

untold £toie. 
But ashamed were 1 10 anve my mother perfoT«e from mise hall 


With n mAsttrfjt word : may God forbid such ft thing shoold be* 
fail I " 
Then from the Euiror-thfong, by Ρ:ιΠαΐ Athent raised^ 
Fcalcd lauRhtfsr loud antl Ujhj;. and th«tr wUdered tliou|{hts were 

uiKcd ; [ftoand. 

And their l;itif^hter ^ew frciuzied aiiU wlIcI. with ά wt*ii{I unn^ttiintl 
And the meate wer« bloodd^filed tbat they gorged» and their eyu£ 

were drowned [waik acar. 

Wiih ItAia, iind iheir souls were adfoad with 4 horror of death- 
And H^ha^i Theoclymeniis saia lo the reeC, the godlike seer : 350 
** Ah wietchesl ^k'hfti doom is upon you ^ — nith night are your heads 

ov«rcloudod> jcnihrouded : 

And your fjices and knee» t>encalh arc vuilh blackness o£<IarLues» 
There U wildfire of «hriakmg and moaning, and tears on your cheelcs 

ts». Hood; (blood: 

And the walla end the mid- pi liar- spaces fair arc bedabbled with 
With phantoms the porchway i» ihrongei], and the court from wall 

to wall, [44 a pall, 

HusJtinf; forth to the netherworld gloom, and the sky hlackong down 
For the tun is dead, and a mist and λ death-damp swept over all/' 

Hue n\\ they laughi-tl upon bim the luudcr wilh ^ha^^tly ^let? ; 
And Eurymachu* Polyhus' son to ihe rest spake scoΓnfLϊl•y : [360 
** Stark mad m tiur stranger Τ Wtlleee he came from tli« ahen ^horc. 
We will none of htm : haateo. youths, and thmst bim forth of the 

dooT : 
Let him go the n^arhet rabble, wh<:> likens our mirth unto nijfht/' 

Answered and ipaki: unto him Thcodymcous, godlike wiRht; 
'* EuijfiiJiLchiJS, send no guides to direct my ίΐοϊιι^ΐΐ arigbt. 
I have eye*, I have ears; and moreover I Mck not feet tor my need. 
And a mind, but a mind not framed for shameful purpoee and deed. 
With thc3c will I forth of the hall, for 1 mark how your banc diavr- 

elh ui^lii 
The doom ihni rono «hall be abl« to «hun, neither any to Hy 
Of all th« euJiors m godiiUe Ody^seufi' paJace that throng, 
Wanlonly outraging men, and dcviiini: reckless wrong." JTO 

Then iorlh from their voices he strcMJe, and he left that sJatdy pile. 
And h« came to Peira^us' abode, to the glad guest 'Welcoming &md«. 

But the Uwless suitor-rout looking each in his fellow'si face 
Lnuifhed loud at the alrimgers, to flout the prince with the board's 

disgrace: ^plure: 

And an indolent voice rang out through tho taunt-storm fitliug the 
** TdemachuH, no man on oartb hath aorricr K^^cats Ibnn thou '. 
What a i^lultunouu vagabond wictcJiifl tbt« thou ba^t ΐΐοίτοη but now. 
Ever iTUving for meat and for drink, and utterly ski][es« cf toil, 
Stfengthleas for battle, and nought but a load on the CLimbered eoll I 
And here again was another that rose with hia proph«t-lorc! 380 
But and if ihou would&t hearken to mc, sure thia would advania^ie 

thee more: 

272 %%t sDlrpjjtfej of ^atnrc, book xx. 

FliDg ve the strangers a-shipboard, and send them over the waves 
Unto Sicily ; there would they pay thee a right good price for thy 

slaves." [jeers ; 

So they cried in his tingling ears> but he bare him as deaf to their 
But ever he cast his eyes on his father» and deemed it o'erlong 
Till the sign should be given to arise and to deaJ with the shameless 

in wrong. 
And aj^e as they noted thus, sat Penelopft fctcing them there, 
Wise child of Icarius, a queen in a queenly chair. [heard she ; 

And the strife of the tongues of the men in the hall as they mocked 
For they turned to their feasting then, and they, laughed ever louder 

in glee. [390 

For many a falling beast had been slain for their stintless cheer : — 
Yet never a ghastlier feast might there be than the feast drawing near. 
Which the Goddessandhero made speed in thehalls they had shamed 

to array; [day. 

For themselveshad scattered the seed» making mockat the harvesting 


Φί ti}t orbcal οί φ bato. 

NOW She i>( the Flaahing Eyes so wrought thai the qu«eti be• 
t ho Light hor— 
Pcnclop^ passin^^wbe, Icariu^' Mately dauuhtor — 
To set, ior the siiitoti to tiy, the bow anii tie itee] hoaT-gr*y 
in OdyssQUfi' h^Us, for λ pnze and withal a beginning of si^u^hler- 
And up the staircase high of her palace sh^ went her w^y. 
Tn her soft while hand she took the graceful -bended key. 
The be4uliful htaxen hot)k, with its handle oi ivury. 
So she hied with her handmaid- train to the innermost chamber door, 
To the room where long had Iain the lost king's treasure- si ore, 
The llaine-ilish of Lia^s, ajid the gluw of gold, and iron biige- 
wrought. lo 

And therein was the twi-curved bow, and the quiver arrow-fraught, 
Full-fraught with the bearers of doom that were winged with gasp- 
ing anJ moan -, 
The giits of a stranger whom in SpsitA Odys^ns had known, 
Evon Jpbitus, Hurylus' son, a hero grand as a god : 
For tliey met in the days long gone, when theahoreof MessenC they 

Id Orsilochus' palace ihey me<t; for thither Odjeseus eame 
FeAflcsaly claiming his debt of the netion that owed him the same. 
Foi Messenians over the deep had coiuc Jgwu upun Uhica's shoie. 
Aii4 thence three hundred sheep with the sJiepheida their galleys 

So Odysseus a long war went od an ambasfoge, Ud thoQgh be was : 
For his siie and the elders ^eut him to claim then!» pleading their 

But Iphitus came in quest of horses that lacked from his stall : 
Twelve marcs had he lost, and the best of bis toil-strong mules 

thee e withal - 
Yet an evil lure for him unto murder and doom wer* t^ese, 
Id the hour when he came unto grim strong -hearted Heiaciw, 


fH^t 0hfMtjf 


Tbe h«fO wbora Ζλλ* begat : yci a deed of horror he wrouj^hi, 
ForboeJtwhiinpAgiieetftfihdeai is tie boufic mistruetful of nought: 
Of the God*fl wntb notliing ho rocksd— -sm-hardeiMd I— Uw gam- 

H• held not in any r«>pertt but with muriiiir rr4tlm<Ml his Kvrord. 
So tbo cXroa^ htjoiMl steeds cf ibe guest in tbe stalls of ihe γοΜμγ 

abodo^ 30 

Witb Ody^saos he me! on ύ^e qiae^ after Ihese, and the how he 

And this was Cbe aclisjime one tbat Eurytus bora in bis migbc. 
And buqucath^ in bb hills to his son, when be passed to the Lftod 

of Night, 
And a keoo-vd^od battle-brand χκ-χλ Odysseus' gift, and a tpear. 
At the ^rst trot h -clasp ο t thn hand : yet never niid feaetfuJ cheer 
UiLtu deircr Itnowledgc ihcy vioa, ^icOug Hdacles slew ere then 
IphituK ICiirynix' son. who wa^ like to a gotl among men, 
who fiAve to Odyftseutt the bow. Yet the king took it ik>C in the day 
When be bied h:iii to meet the foo in his btack frbip^ tar away: 
But it Uy ϊα hi% balb, and there kept ^refio the mecaory 40 

Of the detLi dead frieud : biil be biLre it At home by forest and lea. 

So now IS that [ady bright to the chamt>er door dnwn tti^h. 
And the threshold of oeI< which the wright in the bappy day» βοηβ by 
Cunningly polJ^hedH and laid the levelling Ucc aloof ι 
And hes^t up the posts, and he made the shinhigaAorsfind tfrong. 
And flhe hasted una Loosened the string that was tied to tb« hai»ll«- 

ring : [bal u of the door 

And tberethraugh batli she thnisl the key. and hath strut k bctcic die 
With a straight thrust skilfully r came 3 crash, and, loud a> ibe roar 
Of η meadow -pasturing bull, the thundering ecboe* ran^ 
A» the key struck fair and full, and wide the door-Ie^vcs ^nng- 50 
Then she s:epi on rhc highlniih floor where «γχϊΙ ιγϊ goodly anjy 
Tb« cbMU in the which tiir store of scented rjumcnt lay. 
Then took she the bow on the wall a? it hung of the trcaiurcroota. 
And the bright case tbctcwitha! that was shoathiog the speeder of 

duoni. [p]jic« 

And «he sat with the bow-sbeatb iying acroca bar Icneas, and the 
Thrilled with the voicoof her crying; then drew she the bow ixota 

the isisc. 
But her heart grew lighter af last for her weeping long and loud : 
And adowQ to the ball &J3e passed to the biiu^hty suitoe-cTDwd, 
Bearing the twi-curv«d bow ajad the quiver arrow -fraught — 
Ay. many a bearer of woe was therein, fur the vengeance wrought. 
AqJ hehind her the handmaids bare a chest» steel axes enow 
And aTics of brass lay there which the king won long ago. 

So she came to the feasting -place of the suitors, that lady divii 
And she stood by a cuhinm tall of iho HchlyOiirveD hall. 
Holding before her face her h&adveil dainty tad hne ; 
And a trusty haDdmaid stood by the qoeea Hfjoa eitber side. 

>κ χχτ. 

tf ftomcr. 


And fttr&ightwa]^ in mouTDfullesl mood in tha midst of the suitors 

she cri«d ; 
*' Hearker to ra^j ye arrogant suitors, who day by day 
Afflict rtiinc house with iJe\ounng and drinking iia wealth alwiy. 
While mv lord hath boen long lime goao : aud mrou^li a}\ llii» wvury 
tide yc> 

Could your false hearts find for your Lips no word-pretooco beside» 
Snvc this, ihai each of yovi sorely desired to win ine his biide* 
Conic, sultots — for this is i he contest appointed your wooing to end— 
! will set you the mighty bow of Odysseus the hero divine : 
Who^e'er of you all with his hands shall the bow most ^Asily bond. 
And shoot through the rings of the .txes twdve r&n^cd ddl In lioCf 
Hiin will ! follow, for-saking this lieautiful home of mine, — 
Dear home, that knew me a bride, with its wealth ofabuadant store I 
1 shali never forget it ; ia dreams 1 shaEI see it for evcrn:]ore.'' 
Then the lady turned her, atid ipaJce unto gcxllike Eumeus her 
he^U to 

The bow to the suitors to take and the hoary steel for the teat. 
Sore wcepeth the w&rder of s^vinc as he tnketh ncd layclh it down ; 
Sure wef pcth the hritl:i]au uf kiu<.-, as Iio ^clU Tha^t bow of rr^nnwn. 
But Artincu*! snjirlfv) Μ their trutTS.and in nnary ^ise did he say: 
"Oafa, acre-abiding loons, whoficthouRhtgafcofnought but to day! 
Spiritless wretches» why weep yc to stir up the hciirt of the queen 
Ily your tesirs to a paif^iou of soffovr? — without your ^rovokin|j, { 

Lieth her spirit in anguish for him aho fihatl sec never mor&. 
Sit ye ία sdenc<;, and feast, or got you forth of the door, 
And weep a« y« HsI withr~)iitt απιΙ leave unto us the Ixiw. r^ 

Unto all the suitors an ordeal dread thalJ it be, for 1 trow 
This well-polished bow ahdil be nowise easily bended nnd strung; 
For never a man shall be found the host of the suitors aiuong 
Like to Odysseus : myself beheld him in days gnnc by : 
1 remember his goodhhead still— yet a young child then wac 1." 
So he cried, bul a hope in his brcAst ever whispered him better 
things, [through the iings. 

That with might overpassing the rest he should string τΙ, and shoot 
Ah, but the hrst of their band must ho t^ste Che arrow thAt came 
Krom the hero Odyueus'hand unto whom he had ivroughi foul shame 
Aabc Kut in his halls, and stiEreci up his fellows to do him JcspiLr. ion 

Then rose and tootc up the word Telemathus" ucred mighl : 
'■ Ha Τ what islhis that Kronion hath done tome f— madne^ijttia! 
This dearbvcd njother of mine, albejt no wiw she i», [pari;—* 

Hath pledged her a bride : ere lon^ fiorn the ancient halls shall the 
And behold, on my lips is there laughter, and joy in my fooli&h heart 1 
But come now, ye suiloi». behold what a pn^e for your prowoee ii5 

In all the Ach:3eaa land no woman ϊκ found hrr peer ; 
Not in PyJoe the sacred, in Aigos, Myctn^e the rampon-crowced, 


ufK s>^vMtr 


Nor in IthjiCA'e hU nor the dBrU-loamcd nuiolaod -shore ie th«r« 

fouad ; — Pcnow, t ic 

What άο 1 to pTaiae my niolhfr ?^-y£>viriiftIvrfi h^vti lit^heia heit Λοά 
Seek ye not therefore e:<ctise for dejjiy, neither Rhriak from the bow. 
That Che strineing thereof sboold ttury loi% to the caa we tti%y Μβ. 
Ycft I. eveu I, will cssaiy if the deed may be done hf me : [kue. 
If mf hands £h&ll prevail to «ir:im \t nnd shnat through the Iron 
Then shall I not be left to iohent rtothmfc but piin 
lo the lialis of my mother forsivl:en, since I in my father's mjj^bc 
On the spoils of nis prowess will l»y mine hand by λ hur/s ngbt•* 
Forth in their midst doth he stand, and bit crimftoa ctoak oatb 

be fluD^ [unsluDc. 

From his shc^der^: hia battlc'bruid keen^edgcd hath he swift^ 
Then the row of the axei^ he placed, ioi lie dng biiii a long inrrcp 

there ; I30 

For the twel\^ but one furrow be traced* and straight be drew ii 

apd fair : [ibc irvn 

And he stamped the earth down Hat : so deftly he wrought, that 
StarM all in ama:iement thereAt. for he never had seen it e^e thco. 
To the tluc^hoM now doth he j^o, and he maJceEh assay of the bow. 
Thrice did he tug an J hiiaiii. while qoiveied the bow of liUnre: 
Thrice muitt his iinewa refratr, alh&it his soul was afire 
To bend it, to tttrtoc tt, and speed the shait chrongh the iron lane: 
The fourth) he hsd done it indeed, sore strivinj^ with mi^bt Λοά 

But Odysseus shook his head, and he stayed in his heart's despite. 
Then spake to the suitora and said Tolemachus' sacred migfat : t to 
■> Ha ! not in the days to come sball mioe heart and mine arm be 

strong : 
Or as yet am ] over young, and t needs mnsl tarry long 'wroι^f^ 
Ere mine hands shall maintain my cause against him thstdocCh 
Come» ye of the iniL^hlier thews, of the hlicws batlle-li led. 
Make proof of the bow, let the contest be ended, and woa be 

oride," jtliewi 

Then he put from his hands the bow, and be Icuied it agaiasf 
Where the paaels gleamed arow by thi; doer of the fcestltig'hail ; 
And the fiwift shaft therebeside 'gainst the faiir boW'tip did h^ rest : 
And back to his throne hctth be hied whence he rose for the archer- 

lest ; _ [r4o 

And Aniinous simighlway cried to the Miiturs his mattftrful best : . 

" From the left to the ri;;cht in ordef , companions M, rise np^ ^H 

Beginning where first the cupbearer poureth the wine in the cup*" ^Λ 

So spake he, and so it was done, for hi» counsel was gooci in their ' 

And then did Leiudee the son of Oeoops firtl arise. [bi>vi\ 

Now the man was the suitors' priest, nnd he sat ever next to tbe 
In the innermost placid at thetr feaat ; but tlidr deeds were abhomd 

of his soul: 

BOOK xxr 

of ^ontrr. 


For bis spirit at all the Itain was with judignition aglow. 

t-o lirsi in tiis haudft h;illi he ta'en thf^ ^nifi-winged %ΗλϊΙ and Hie 

boVp-H [sUaia: 

On the i^rcat atone thrc^ol<J he stands: he cssayeth that bow to 
But the horn bonds not ; and hU hands giow weaiy with tugging in 

vain J 150 

For thai tender And eoft were they; and he turned to the suitora 

and said 1 
'< String il I cannot, my friends ; let another essay in my ^lead : 
For from many a hero, fram many a pnnce shaL bfe and breath 
Be reft by this same bow, dnce better by fur were deftlh 
Thaii life, if it means but despair of tiie pdce fbt the which evei- 

mote [iloor. 

In ttie bnging of hope deferred we have thronged to the palace- 
Now each oi you hopes in his soul — ay» longs vnih a pasaionato 

To wed with Penelope, wife of Odysseus ihe unretuming. 
But so soon as his hands shall liave tried, or his eyee ehftll have 

seen this bow, 
Ah then tu another lovely-robed Greek girl let him go, 160 

To woo her in courtly wise with his gifis : and the queen shall wed 
With the nnan who lavisbeth most» and who comcth destiny -bd-" 
Then be put from hJs hands the bow. and he leaned iE against the 

Where rhe panels gleamed arow by the door of the feasting-hali ; 
And the swift abaft thcrcbeside 'gainst the fair bow-lip did he rest; 
And back to his thione hath lie hied, whence he tcse for thcarclid* 

But Antinous cried out upon him, and aonily chiding &aid : 
" What word, Leiftdcs, is tfiis throu|:h tho fence of thy teeth that 

hath lied Ρ 
A ^hnneful wcn^ and a grievous ? I hear with indignant fcom \ 
Must il needs be that pnnces be left of spirit and breath forlorn, 170 
For that Ihoj in tby impotent strength canst nowiee bend it and 

Tush ! never, I trow, thy mother bar^ thee, thou puny ihlng, 
For a bender of t^ows among men, and a speeder of arrowalteen ; 
Yet lordly suitors t>c hcic that full tightly ^ball ^irin^ il, 1 wevu." 
So speaks he; and now on Melanihius, herdman of go A Is, tloih 

he call: 
** Bestir thcc. Melanthius, bestir thee, and kindle a fire in the hall ; 
And a K^cai chair >cl thereby, aiid tliereover lay thou α tieccc, 
Artri brinfi froTii the huusehold store a liroad Ihiclf cake of grras^: 
And theie «hall the young men warm it, andrub with the nrcannog 

cu, [160 

To the end we niay try this bow and accocnpUah the uideal-tuil." 

Swift did MelnnThins light the flame's unwearying might ; 
Acd thittier a chair he bore, and thereover he spread a Seecd, 


1l\fi φ}ϊgMtΐ 


And he; brouglit from tlie houM^hold store a brotd Uikk cake of 

So tbey w^rm^d it, ftad«ach 'gAin^irAJn xi ihcbow; huiever tli«y 
Wjlh <lee|>Oftte tu^pnf; id vAin, φγ<1 their best ^cre^ (ttlcrly ioilcd. 
Til) Autmuus bided tlir: lest with Curymikd^us, ifodlikc wi^bt, 
Thiy only, who passed the rest nf Uie suunts in manfiil miehr. 

Then forth of the fcasi hall hJcd two true mcaddc by eidc. 
TbQ hcDcbmei^ that gv^Lrdcd the wane and the bccv«» of Ody&seua' 

stfUl ; Γ 190 

And Odyfifi^ns the hero divice went forth to them oat of th• hail. 
But wlicn they were gotten without the doors and the comp888in|i 

Thr. hero turned him about, ant] be; spakc^ in kindly suit : 
*^ HerdmaD—fwineherd— hearken - ;l tate «hall my Up£ be^a, — 
Shall I hide it ?—* Naj, speak out 1 ' muie heart is cryiDfc withia 
What in^uiiiet cf men u'oiitd yc be by Odyh»u& id Ivilttc to sta 
)f \w ftuddfttilv came tc tiisc^vn^by a God brought bac:k to bUland? 
Would ye k^nt in that day for the stiitore, or «lAcd by UdysMus 

your lord ? 
Auswtr me, even as youi heait and youi spuk pionipieth the wnrd/' 
\{:\<\e :uiswer and ^pake unto him the h^pnrhman, the warder of 

kJce ; 
^ Ah Zeus Alliflthcr, thftt tbou wouldst fulfil this vrish of tnine, 300 
yhm 0(lyh»eu& mi^ht cujjio to his own, by a God*B hand btihei&ard 

led ' [dead," 

Then sboLildst thou know ihftl the ^rength of mrue hands is not yd 

Then A\to Enmefus prayed to the Gods in the selfsame Mtatn, 
Thai Odysseus llie loag 'delayed might leiurn to his home agaiJi- 
And as soon as Ody^seiu knew that their beiru were fiawkas in 

fftitk, fsaitb: 

Ho spake lo the faithful and true, and in tones deep-lbhlUnf; h» 
'" Lo I, even T, am he ; out of mEUiifold troubles and snre ^ 

In the twentieth ye^ram I coinetothebomeonrnyfatheriiuid-sfa 
And ] know that of all my thralls there is none save you alo«ic 
That have bngcd to bcliold tny return : of the rest hkve I beard 

noi cn« 310 

Who prayed ihM my feet might etand again in the andeot ball. 
But lo you true promise I give, and the thing shall surely be^U : 
If GciU bubducth beneath me the lawless children of prid^ 
Fair wive^ will I ^ve unto borh of you : wealth shall be yours beeide^ 
And hoLises biulded basidc mine ovn ; and in days to be 
For ray son's tompanioas and bioiheiS ahall ye be accounicd of nte. 
Lo no^' 1 will shew you ά sign and a coken that caiiiior deceive. 
To the end ye may know me vveli, and your mniofit hearts^ tuny be- 

liovo: [once» 

Lo Llie scar thit the wbite< flashing tusk of tlie wild buar deaJi me 

What lime ta the dells of ParnasiiLis I went vith Autolycuu' tons," 

From the {^eat scar then he drew the tatters thereover that ^; 



of ^omrr. 


Anil they looked thereupon, and ihey knew, fbr tfaey miTidcd the 

token well^ 
And they wcpl, as their arms they flun^ arouad the lost reatorcii, 
Anddyeabtbey lovmi;ly tluL•^ ki»cil lEie -Jii>ii!(lei?i ami LraJ νί 

their loTd ; 
Asd ki3£«& tti« hero rained on them, kieeee on ahcuiders and head. 
So wept ihey» the h^ht of the sun had gone down ere their mourn* 

irg was tlonc; 
lint Odysseus hiniseli festrained their passionate crying, and laid : 
" Ceo^c from yoiir iqafs and your moacidt leet it chance that some- 

one behold, 
Coniing forth of rhe halJ, and the tale unto tbem within b« told, 
Bnt now, not all together, but one after one, pass in ; 330 

And myself will be tirst, and let this be the sign for our deeds to 

begin : 
For the iordly suiiorE, uplifting their voices ihreai^ningly. 
Will essay lo let thee from beonng the bow and the cjiLLver to me. 
But Chou, Eumocus the godlike, bear anwfttd the bow through the 

ha J], [withal 

And delivtjr it into inirtii handur thoti shalt ^peak to the women 
Thai they &hut the doon of their chamber mossy aud bolE-gtipped 

close ; 
And if ffuin wiibutthey shall bear any gioaning or dashing of btaws 
In the place of the chambers of men, they shall not stir forth of the 

Bui there shall they tarry in quiet, and heed their toU as before. 
And. hero Phil<]etluSt 1 give ihee command {hat thou lock with the 

key 340 

The forccourt-gatce, and with ropes shalt thou lash them specdUy." 

So spake he, aud entered the faii'ScI, alHalely-buildtrd pile, [while. 

And Again *iAl down m the chair from the whir.h h^ hnn ri^i^n ere^ 

And Che thralls in a little epace came back each vnxt% to his place. 

And now was Eurymachus turning to this side and that side the 

bow, [so 

As in front of the hearth bnghl^biimtug he warmed ϊΐ : yet not even 
Might he strmg it, but struggled m \a\t\, tdl his proud heart heavily 

And a groan of indignant pain hiir^t fcrth of his lips, and h« cried: 
"Gods) anguish of spirit have 1 for myself and for all the rest I 
Not for the bride that I lose is the bitterest pang in my breast: 950 
There is many a Greek girl lovely Λαά swecl \q be won for α bride 
In Ithaca sea -encompassed and many a city beside: 
But to thmk that our bodily prowess faUeth tc tar below 
The godlikt Odysseus" fn^Khi* that we cannot string bis bowl — 
Ο the $liaine. Ο the scorning for them that are yet to be bora to 

know* ■■ 
But AntinouB son of Eupeithee shouted acroee the haii ; — 
" Eurymachijs, nol — thou know^t ihyadf— this aball not belall. 


ot ^omn. 

BOOK x: 

I-or to-dAy to tbe Arcbet-god is ^ sacred f«a£t in the town ; 

And how KhouJd the hovr be bent ? — nay, quiutly lay it down. 

And 4a touching th^ iixcs, what if wc leave them af] to stay 

Standing nrow ^ for ! ween no man will take them away, 

ExiEenng intn the hall of Laertes' son Ihis day. 

But come, let the cupbearer pour in the goblots orderly, 

To the- end we iiiay sptll ihc lihatiori, and put the cun-ed bow by- 

And tomora shall Mclaniliiiis, herdinan of go:i!s, bring down mt 

StiC'goats from the Tnoontain pastures, ei^en his goodliest. 
And «o to Apollo the boW'Tcnowncd will webiun tbeir thifbs. 
Aod tbereafirr will deal with the bow ; and the be^ shall wi» the. 

So the son of Eupeithes said, and hiscoutisvl pleased Ibe real. 
And water tlin htnthniRn aljed on ibe bands of <ivejy ^uestt ; iyO' 
Aad they mingJed the wiae, atid lb»y poored till ϋά greAt bowl 

TTianEkd up; 
The libatioQ ixGxa boaid to board they bare• iben crowned each Ga{K 
But wlien iht^y had spilled the wine, and bad dn;nk, and were 

Then the wlsc-hcait hero divine with ^ileful purpose cried; 
" Hear mt:, ye suhors tbiti woo the fair queen woi Id -renowned : 
Let me uiier the wcrd tbat my bean in niy breast for my ||p^ batb 

Kurymachus moat I entreat, with Antinous, godlike wtght, — 
SeeiDg tha: tbia 1»st word he batb uttered i& meet and rigbt,— 
Tbat ye let be the bow for to-day, and commit to the Gods ihe rest ; 
bo lomorn shall ihc God give mastery' might as fieemeth him beU. 
But give me, I pray you, ibe bow, that L may essay in your aigbt 
The strength of mine hands, whether yet in my sinews abideih the 

That niy Tithe limbs Qowise lacked in the warrior days of old. 
Or if this have been wasted by want and by wanderings manifold/ 
Ha, but their sonls were aglow with the wralh of their hauubl 

scorn, [forioni. 

YtSLt even with fear lest Iha bow should be stmng by that beggar 
And Autmoua choclr with him thete, and fiercely «louted he: 
" Ha ! scurvy knave, no shadow of wit is found in thee ! 
Dotb this not content thee^ to sit midst the pride of the princes hci 
Feasting; Ϊ0 peace? — lobesiictedinnoughtofthebanqucl-cheer, ^90 
And to lieiiilten oitr speech and our counael ?— no si ranger -beggar 

May list to our high discourse at the princes' feasttul lide- 
'Tis the wtnc that hath done thee a mischief, which tangleth and 

tripppth the wit 

Of many a eot whc&e drouth heedeth nought that is eeemly Λαά lila 
'Twaa the wine-cup thai maddened the Centaur Eurytioc ' 

of old, 


of ^ivmer. 



Wlien ihe reve! was hi^'h in Hie ha\h of Pciritbous mighly-STmlfd; 
For h^iamefoiheLapiihan ff3£i,and :her« was he wine- Jifiiraufiht, 
Sij that ouitftKc in king Pciritbous' halls in his irerzy he wtOUrhL 
SpTang up the heroes in ang^iish of passion, and fottb cf tlic^ tloor 
Tlirough iheforectjiirtlhcy dragged him ; btsears and his nose from 

his face xhcj shore 300 

With the pitilesEi brass ; ;ind he, with a hrc in hh henzici^ brain, 
Went raving under hia burden o{ idly and madness- pa in. 
Therefrom between centaurs and men was there stirred up a miirdor' 

ouE fra/H 
Yet. wme b«sottedi himseli on himself brought bane that day. 
Even tfo unto thev do ] ptomi^e requital nf biLIei pata» [ban^, 

If rhou stringent the bow ; and none shall deliver thee out of thy 
No tnan m our land : forthnf^'ht will wc send thee over the sea 
Unlo Echctus, unto the king that deatroyotb ruthlessly: 
Out of hie hands ahalt thou never deliver (hee- Fooi T^sit stiU : 
Drink on, neither strive with the nobte aod young in warnor-skiU/' 
But PonelopA passing-wiso ap^Le out to the churl forihrtpht : [310 
" Anlinoua, hhanieful and wrongful it vcrc to do de^ite 
To TeTemachiia' guests, whosoever it be Ihni shall sit at his boards 
What, do ye fcar^ if the stranger should string the great bow of my 

Putting his trust in the might of his hai^ds and hi&thew» wdl-trkd» 
Th^it the wight would ^ead me away to ΗΪϊ home, atnd make me his 

Himself in his inmoat heart never dreamed such a dream at a\L 
Lcl no man for this cause reckon the banquet as wormwood and usl\, 
In his soul's grief: never, Ο never may sueh dishonour befall ! 

bpnlcc HurymachuE, Polybus* son, slow-tifiing his ahamcheavy 
" Ο child of Icarius' bne, Pcnelopt passing; -wise. [eye» ; jao 

We deem nui ihat this man might vnu tbee ; for uevtu nuch thing 

could b«- 
Nay, for the tongues of men and of women ashamed are ire, 
Lest base folk take up a scoff and a byword af^a'tiiM us then, 
Telling how that a hero's wife was wo<jed by ivcis^r Tiien 
Whose puny strength prevailed not so mnch as to string; his bow ; 
But there came by another, a beg/iar-wight wandeiinji; to and fro» 
And he easily sliung it, and clean ihioui^b thu iiuu Line shot be : 
So shall our fihame go abro^td, and ft mock in their mouths thall 

wo he" 
Flashed out her answer to him Pcnclopi passing-wiso : jjo 

" Talk ye of honour and fame, and of worship in menfolk's eyes. 
Ye thai with darkest dishonour devour a hero's store I — 
Ο sUoped tolhehps in reproach, should I hi « thing shame you more? 
But as touching this Mrangcr, stalwart he is, wclJknil withal ; 
And he tells of the sire that begat him, a king in a loyal ball. 
Nay, jive 10 hishandsthe wellpolished t>ow»totheendwemay iee, 
For thna do I promise, and stirely accompbshed my word shall be: 


'HXtt OMipflrr? 

κκ>κ χ: 

Η he string Η, tf Ph<el>U4 voucheAfc him rmowa lo the «rcfaer 
I will (^ve to Lim bcautifd Teimeot, a iriAntle and tunic-v^et* 
And A javelin τι) j^i.tiit him, if Λα^ζ^ or evil m'^n wmiM irvolest ; j 
Aii4a tw^e<l^ed awoTd will i givfthim, and c:indai-6boon for hlsf 
And will send hitn whither bis bcftfl vill, even at &c«niclh htm 

Then io (Hr tjuecn wisr-iviltccl Telemachcs m*dc rvply : 
" Mothjsr mioe, none ether hath power and authonly inor« tbflfi 1 
To ^r« this bow unto whomsoever 1 will, or deny. 
No man out of all the princes in llhaca criggy-crowDcd, 
Nor of a]] ih»t in isles of the sc;» unto horse-^ Εΐικ lie foaml, 
Shall overhear my pluisure as toacliin^ this bow, I fay; 
Though it pleased me to give it outnght to the stnjtger to 

away. (3 

But thou, enter into the house, to the labours of woman give heed, 
To the tcilft of the spindte and loom ; and cominAnd thy mai<len3 

Their ta^s ; and leave unto men the brrw> and chiefly 10 nie : 
For mine l» the lordship ία this nitn« houie, :iiid the onaitery /' 

And the lady with wonder stirred did buck lo the hou»c deport: 
And she pondered her son's wise wuxu, aud silic laid it up io 

heart. [again : 

So she passed with tier handmaidens twain to the upper chamber 

An<l there for the dear day» dead and theloveof OdysMuaahe wept. 

Till Alheiii the sleep-dews shedonln?f '^i:irrowfulf/tS4aiKtsheslept. 

Then the bow did the swinoberd take, and wa« bearing ii unto 

tho king; 
But there burst an an^ry shout from tfic i^uitors all about ΐ 360 

And the tlflsh of a fierce threat brake tbroiigli the thunder of clam 

ouring ; 
'* Whither art bearing the hoVj thou cvixtlff swineherd looa ? 
Tr^iaut I — tlic houi^ds shall devour thee atnidM thoswine-pcus sooo , 
Tr) a lone \ΛΛce, even by the teeth of the hovind« thou ha«t fodahdt 

thou die, (high. 

If Apollo !thow grftce unto u%, with the rest of tho Deathleai on 

And the awinclierd faltered, and kid down the Itow even there 

where he Mood: 
For their mulliludc made him afraid as they shouted in funons mood. 
Then aternly. nothing dismayed, did the priucc Tclcmachui my : 
" Bear oiiwaid the bow ! Thau shall ftiul mnny masters aie ill lo 

obey J 
Have α core le$ti young though 1 be, to tho lield 1 chase thee awa_ 
Vea. pelting thee hence with atones: — I trow 1 am stronger tha 

thou. [a 

Ah would that iu rmcfht of riiue hands f w«re so much stronger 
Than aJl the suitors whose feet uubidden trample our floor 1 
There bo aunie thai in sorne&t plight 1 would soon seod forth ot mj 





of ΐίΐηίτΓ 


They ibould Bub fur awfty ; tliey ihoulil tiftvail with mi^icliicf here 

Loud laughed Ehrtt recklete train hi^ li«]pjes8 aiDger to see, 
And they could not choose hm rofraia frofn their wriith for their 

iniiiL• and tli«if ^lec. 
But the swineherd is hasrening through the ball with the bow, una 

tie stitnds 
By OdyaseuB the wu'wisc Vin$, and ho givetb li into his bands : 
Tncr hccalleth Ihc nurse Eurycleia wiElio^it, and thus salih he: 380 
" Eurycleia exceeding' wise, Tclemachu^ biddeih thee [close ; 

That thou shut the doors of the tha^mber, massy and bolt-grippod 
And if from within tiicy shdiU hear any groaning or rJiishiEig of 

blows [doort 

In the place of the chatnbCTS of men, they shall not stir forth of the 
But thfiru shall Choy tarry in quiet) And becd their toil us beforCi" 

So did he speal(, neither passed that word light-ilitu&g away : 
But sh« locked the bdwerdoors fast— lo, the net is cnclcisiag the 

Forth of the banqueting -hall sped Fhtlcotius ^lently. 
And Ibe gate in the strong^' fenced wall of tbe forecourt fastened he. 
And a rope in the piirchtiaihhefoiind.Ji hawser of hyMns-rord, 390 
And he Usheth the gate-posts Tonnd therewith4J : ftod aback to the 

boAid [belide ; 

And <)liack lo his isc^i bath be hied* find be waitelb nhat ncut shall 
Watching Odysseus he sal. Now the hero wbs bundling the bow, 
LooktTic keenly on this ^de and that, slow turning it το and fto, 
Lest woims should have eaten the born while its Icid wa& far away. 
Ard they glanced at each other in ficonii and mocltmgly one 'ϋ[λϊ\ 

say : [of touch I 

" What, our knave i^ α chapmao of bows, shrewd ey«d and cunnin(( 
Or belike mid iiis treasurer at home he hath even another Mich : 
Or his wrightship is minded lo make one, — lo. how tu tifiht and It» 

He turns it about in his hands, the vagabond kcavory-deit I " 400 
And thereafter another cried, as tbcy sneered in thcii spite and 

tbetr pride: 
" May the varlet light 00 advanla^, and prosper even eo [bow I " 
As the stretigih of nis arms shall avail for the titringing of yonder 
Sq the laugh and tt;c jeer rang out, but Odyvieua the inanifuld- 

wise,— Ibis cy«s — 

For by ihie had he turned it at)out, and had beedfully scanned with 
Even as a man that can ΐιΙιϊΕΙ to play on the lyre and to i^nj^. 
On a new-fiiteil peg at his will fall easily stretchcth the κΐιΐηκι 
Stratninp the sheep-gut tntit, having tied it above and bflow, 
So laboured Udys^us nau^^ht, but^to, he bath strtinf; the bow I 
With his right hand thereafter to tiy it he twangcth the fateful 

string : 410 

Cleni'Sweet to his touch as the cry of ft swallow tn chate did it stQg* 


■Cbe sybf^ser oE ^cnifn 


Started the suitors witii ftoro diantfty: thoy grew white with thaa 

diufid. [Zeua ovcrbcAil 

Through rh« liLisIi caitie the crash and the ιοβιΓ of the thunder of 
Tbeo bounded the he^irl and rejoiced in th• wof -wocn hero (Ιι^ήοο* 
That Kfonion the thunder- voiced spuke fbith to huii. sending α sifD. 
Aod a s^vifl^wiiii^ed bhaA h^ith he U'cu thai ky b^ie uu tbtf buud 

by hi£ aid•, 
— But the ra&t of tbe epoodors of b^e in the hollotv quivei abide: 
Aod their d«ftdly-biltcr tAMc full soon ibc Aclijcfijis sh^ll know :— 
Now on iho stnnjf halh he placed it; now is hf drawing the liow 
Even hnm hifi «<At on the f h;ur ; ind he speedrth ihr arrow ϊ tligbi. 
Aiming it Mrujcht nnd fair: through the uac heads lUI forthncht 
lUth it leapt : it hath miascd not one. but clo&r tbrou|:b the twelve 

rin^s i1>ing Vryln^: 

The brass-heavy arrow h;ith gone ; and the king to bis sob fipialu 
*^ Tby giiest in tbinc bails that alttetbt Telemacbus, shamctb ibee 

No whif have Γ mUsetl tho mark, nefrher wearied ine lr^ng, I woi. 
Toiling in etringinc the bow ; but uubroken ahideth my might. 
Not in this sball tno &iiitora contemn me, for all tbcir acoro ΛΛά 

their &pite- 
Rnt now is il time to prepare Ihem a eupD«r, yesi, ere night : 
And to muke them sport thereafter with tea^t tide revelrypJayi 
With 80ni: And the voice of the strinf ; for the crown oi tlic banquet 

arc they." ^jo 

Then bent he his brows for the sign : swift girdeth about him bis 

Teiemftchu3, son of divire Odvtseus the daunllew lord ; 
And his αρβΆΤ bath he gripped in his hand, and now at the *ide 

his sire "as fire. 

By the throne hath he taken his stand with hie vnT-weapons flAmi 




Φί tbr mtt^imoi rgr ^uiranr. 

BUT Odysseus the crafty hath fiung from his body hie rags ; and 
lo, [and how. 

On the threshold' stone bath he sprung; ia his hands arc the quiver 
Fnrlh of the qdver the flecl-winged airows abroad hath he ptmrrd, 
Scattered in front of his feet, and he shouteCli a mocking word; 
" So at last is the ordeal dread of the arL-bety-coniefil o'er. 
How will I see if a mark, such a^ do man hath amiltcD before* 
M;ty be hit by my ^haftj if Apulia vouchsafe mercfDowc otivii more/' 
Ab he speaks, on Antinoua up lo the head U he drawing the 

shaft :— 
Of the beautiful chalice-cup in a moment moic had he qualTcd ; 
The red geld handles ^hine in his hands as he lifreth it hi^^h to 

To drmk of the Hnme-flushixtg wine^^full little he ihinketh lo die. 
For who would have drcamea it, that one in Ihe midst of a bait' 

quetin^' throD^. 
Facing a host, alone — yea, though he were never so stror»g — 
Would have ^hioned a murder so grim with black horror of doom 

for him ? 
On to his throat hadi the keen arrow fTashing iiuetringly Jled 
From the hand of the hero, and clean through his throat haih the 

poirt of it aped. [on the Hoor ; 

Backward he leclcd, and the cnp, From his hand dashcii, clanged 
Suddenly spirting came np through his nostrils ibe letL-rushinf 

^ore [board. 

In a thick'Wellmg jet ; and he spumed with convulsive foot at the 
Tiial the Uble was aveitumcd and the meat^ ou the pavement were 

poured, lO 

And with hornbl« crimson gout« were polluted : and rang through 

the ball 
The «tallied tumultuous shouts of the tultoie beholding him fall. 
Up sprang they wiih horror-etrnck faces, and gazed with bewil- 
dered stare 


Cbe COfWTf 


At tho WAtIt and the iuIcm! ftpac«« Ui3t rnotlrcd thcm everjivhtfv. 
For goiM wecc the mighty speora ; Ui^e watt nowbero a shield th«f 

might take l^CT 9p<^ ' 

And they \ttiuita\ nl Oaptaoiiit to Setc:e iodtgiLation tbe while, :uid 
•' Ao e\d ihoi ίΰϊ ihyself wm thit 1— thou nevw sbalC try 
Tbine 9cCOr««d nkill any more, fo? now ebaU tbou ffuroly die J 
For behold ttcu bast murdered a pnnc« and « great oae that 

aa peer 
In Ithaca's Ulaad. For tUa Bbftll the vulmnis devour th«e bet«7 
So crjod they* for BOt of hU wiL, btic by foul misadveotafo ihe^ 

doomed Fdreacied 

That the b^gar-wight rhancrtl to kill their bitfit, — fools t Kttle ihej 
That the doom-n«t &wo«ping adown had enclosed them on e\trf 

aide- [criftd : 

Dvtt Aith death in his icrnhic Irown mvty- counselled OujsseuB 

•< Doge I and ye «aid in your hcartii 1 thould never come bom• My 

Back from tbo land of the Troiaos : and rioted, wttstin^ my stOftl 
Forcifig my luiudmaids yc humbled them, bowing mme bouse 'ββιφ 

th« iihainc: ^earne 

What though myself wa« aUve, to my wiie with your wooug; ye 
Novrisc the Gods did ye fear. Ihc abiders ia Hea^'ec^palacc wide : 
NoEhinf{ ye recked jf the vt^ugeAiicc or wtutli ibul fiom mm sibotikj 

betide I 40 

Now ar« tbc meahifl of doom drawn about you on every aide/' 
Then thdr faces wer« ghastly to »ee. ten or- wri then ai>d whil^ 

and each tye 
Glanced wildlv, wbilber to fl«e from deBtruccion svoopiof; aoifEh^ 
And answered and spake to ihc bcro Eurytiiachus aJone : 
" If ibuu Λΐΐ indued Ody&&eu!i Ibt Ithar;aii come to hiu own. 
True \s [he word ihon hasx said of the drwd^ of tb« suitors' hande^ 
Of their not nnd wrong in thine h^ls, of their spoil of tbioe bamed 

But (here is he now Utd low, who was guilty of all that ivae done. 
AntJnouA: foremost he was, and he set the others on. 
Not for Ihc love of thy Queen was bo fain to have won her hi« 

bnde, ^ 

But he coveted other Ibings wliich KrooioD this day hnth denied : 
For he longed in thy stead in Ithaca's fair-cibed ialand to rei^, 
And to spread tbe ambush-net, to the end that tby son should be 

He h^iih met bis deserts, he is stain : thou then — for rby people arc 
Have mercy and epare, and so will we make -iioncmcnl lo thc^J. 
For the bread m thine halts devoured, and for all the waited «inc 
Shall each irjau biiiig Ihec a cetompense oi twenlv kinc. 
Yea, brass will we pay thee and gQ]a, that thine heart shall bn 
warmed : good fiooth, [into ralb." 

Thou didat well to be wroth at the £rst» but thine anger ahall 




Of ftonifr. 

Made answer to liicn manf-coi^nselkd Odysseus with lowering 

\nov/ : 60 

'* EurymachtiSp thougli ye would give to me all your possessions 

All that yt have, and would add to them t re aiures from other where, 
Yel wuufd Ϊ novusc withhold from the slaughter mine bands alyuui 

Or over 1 mid my revenge for your lawless and tymnnoua wron^. 
Chooae, for ibe cboico is before you> I0 fight as tbe valiant aad 

MroTiL'. [<]oorii. 

Or to ήθβ, ifso be any daststrd may '^cape from the death and Ihe 
Htti bkiC I wccn tbcrc be none but shall plunge lo the netherworld 

gloom V^ [loosened wjih dfead; 

Then their hearts were as water Iher?, aad Iheir knee^ shook. 

Hut agftin in his ^reat despair Hurymachits cned. and he s^id : 

*' Friends, ocver will yoader man refrain his ictiihic hands ; 70 

But now he bath gollea ihe well-poltshL-d bow and the q^oiver, una 

High on the threshold, his hands will be speeding the arrows' flight 
Till he slaughter 11* all from thence,— now nay. let ns ri^e to the 

fight ! [hnxw 

Draw ye your swords, ;iQd uplift for s fihield from the speeders of 
The tables : a^d all in a throni^ Jet ue ba^e at him, ruahine; umam. 
If so be we may throst him aback from tho threshold and doorway. 

and gain 
The city, and gather a battle aid 1:3 our ralljingcry : [fly/' 

So shall thi» he Ihc [art of the shafts thAt irom yonder hand shall 
Leapt up a flasth to hi« hand, as with swif I -clutching fimfera he 

drew [rtew, 80 

From th« ecabbard hi« douhle-ed^^d brand, and at hero Odyeetus be 
Shouting a battle-cry— lo, on a sudden the twsn^ of Ihc string — 
And a sIiafE fiuiu the terrible bow in his hieasc ϊ«ι cjijivcring ; 
Aiid the point slandeth deep in hU liver : tho «word £rom hi« hand 

hath he hurled 
To the floor, and with agony-quiver across U10 table whirled 
He sprawleth with limb^ gathered itp ; he hath spilled on the pave- 
ment aroitnd [the ground 
The meats of bis feast, and the cop : with his forehead he ^miteth 
In his aiif-uibb of apirit : and bpuitked by b)s feet as they at^onizc 
Cfftshpfh nis throne overturned , andthp dnaih-mUt rttxitleth hj^eyes. 

Then rushing forward lo fnce Udysscm: the plorious loid 
Aniphinomus sprang from his place, and he drew his keen-edged 

swoid, 00 

If perchance he wouTd flinch from tho pass; but or ever the foe 

drew near 
Plunged in hii back the brass of the prince Telcmacbu»' spear 
'Twixt the shoulders, and onwaid the bloodthirsty point through hU 

breast-bone tore. 


Φίτ iomtn 

Aod be Cell with & bMnrj tlittd»i0d hie bvow amoce flat oo the 
TbcD TdeaiAcbafl «Urtodftmj irooi U»• InWnt; the loD^-shidov- 

In tbe corw. Cor he dtf«d aot u^jr to plock it trotn tfaeoc«, lor fni 
L«9l Dike of ihc fluilor-bAaJ, && he lt4:£0<] &t the brass, micht kep 
And tbntst >*in^ Ui/ougb wiui lubL>iJiiid,of sniice with a :(Wiifd-«d(Q' 

So ho lQfi>od him, uid ftwrftij be ήοά ^om the corftc to hie Cathar** 
Aod tbe rush of the iringxid words aped frocn bis bfoathJe&s Hps. $οά 

hp crwd ; 100 

*■ Ffttfa«r, fonhn^hi will I bnnj; ibcc a btictdeT and lances iwus, 
Aod tk h^cnci of bra&f ciosc-L•ρpίafi thy tempk», λ vt-ardcr of bifi«* 
Aad I ηΊΙΙ airay inc in war-gcu, ^ad give to the swinchcr J-vri^hl 
Aad th# nrftttienl to arm them withal : it is bcxt to be hanMtiS- 

dij^t." [to hiaeua: 

And 0dy>fieu5 the manifold ^oocinseUcd mde answer and spftlx 
" Ran ibou and bring ihctn, at ever the last of mine arrowy be gome ; 
Leit they force me away from the doer, who are many, and f 

Then butcd the »on to obey hia dear-lov-ed bLtber'5 word -. 
To the cbajnbei be gat hiwi wber^f lay Ibc wai-iJ4:&binK hamcet 

Μογ«1η [fluB^gteanung. no 

Four epear» from the glittormg ^tore halU he ta'eo, four ^icld£ 
And braecn morioaa four, wUii tncir dark plumes hcavUy itrcamiug. 
And swiftlv again I0 Kis il^r^i-lovrd sire with his biirJen h-? came: 
And him«clf ήΐΈΐ cUd him in ge«r of battle, in brazen il;imc. 
And withal Iho henchmen difibt them in ^lonou^ totUc-array ; 
And there on the left and the ntfht of the wir-wise kin^ slixxl ihey- 
Nowibc hero, while yit hehaostore of arrow* togAiarS btm wilh^ 
Stood aiming the Ui^flf, evermore emitin^ i<^^ after foe in his hail : 
Aod man upcn unaii fell fast of the pamc'huddlcd band. 
Dut the arrows failed htm at last, ^ud the aichcr must slay his hat:d. 
Then tio »ct up the bow that had done its vrork by the door -poet 

talJ, ΙΛΟ 

Whore the nunb'i ddc-walls shone at the entering-in of the ball. 
Then over hi^ shoLiIder he threw the fourfold shield broad-sprtad. 
And a well-wruughi helmet he drew down over his gailant head. 
Terribly noddeth the mane of the crest ovciigloomiag his brotr; 
And brasa'tipt lances twain in his gra^p arc quivciing now. 

Now hi^'h-pight upfromtlicgiound was aposietndoor in the wall 
Where the l•:ιeenLeIlt plinth ran round the stately pillared hall ; 
TherowithciUl wut a corridor, bancd by a foldicig-tloor's stroni; £ca 
And the kiny had appointed to guard it the swineherd* to wai 

the «ajne. 
And to KtAnd with hL«weapE:)]')S beside it, and keep the one strait stair. 

Then loud AgelAU3 cried unto alE the quailers there: [i^ 

*' Friends, h there nono that wiJ climb unlcj yonder pastern-door» 
And tdl it without to the people, and raise the rjUlying-cry ? 


J- ! 

8Q0K X3Ctr, 

Of ftomrr. 


£0 ηβνΐΓ shall yonder archer Ehool an arrow mor«."' 

But to him Ine goatherd Mel^uithms ausvveting made reply l 
"AgeUus, it may not be; iat the fair hall-door oS ihc houM 
fs terribly nigh, and the corridor (mj era oce is perilous; 
And one n^an stalwart and dauntless might hold it ap;auiEt us all- 
Go to, 1 Will bring to you armour to barn«^ yourselves withal [140 
From the armoury- chamber : foi not without the palace, Iml here, 
I ween, did ih« kmg and hU con put by the b^ttll^^-ge&r/' 

Theu did tbe roftthcrd ihrall MdantmuB stealthily clamber 
Thtough the mncT'gapg οί the hall to Odyescus' armoury 'chamber• 
Twelve shields hath he snatched fiom (tie ivall ; be halb taVii (ufelve 

Unces tallr 
And helmets as n^any, with hair -crest» over the brass thicU<tc»aaod' 
And he hasted al>acl<, and be bAic them and gave lo the buitur-ho6t- 
Then did his strong knees fail Odysseus, his bold heait shivered 
When helonked on Ihem donning th& mail, and behead bow the long 

spears niiivcrcd 
lo the hands of hi& foes ; for be kiiew that now was he soicIy bestead : 
And he turned to his son, und flew the awift-winffeil words, as he 
said: 1^0 

" Tclomaehus, soolhly to say, there is one of the worn en -thralls, 
Oi Mt^lanthms. kindling' the: buttle ui^^nsL n^ now in olu ballsl " 

Oniipalfe to ihe hero Tel^marhns wary of wit, and replied : 
<* Ο father, mine own w&s the ovoraighl ; none other beside 
Is guilty thereof, for the strong-knit dooi of the armoury 
Left I iijiir : it was marked οϊ a watcher keener than 1, 
But go thou, Huni!£us the godlike, and fasten the doot, and ^veheed 
Η ft handmaid it be that is helping our foes in our acrest need• 
Or Melanthius» Dolius' son ; fur 1 woen it is he indecdH" 

Even so communed these rwain touching that which were be*( 
to he done. t6o 

But the hordninn of goals again to the armoury -chamber is gone 
For the fetching of wiLrrior-^eax, and the gcdlikc swineherd iipled, 
And he turned ro Odysseus — for near was the hero — and luifitUy 

cried : 
'^ Ο Zon^* and Laertes* seed of the guile-shifts manifold. 
Lo rhnfe that caitiff again, even be thiit our beiiits foretold^ 
To ihe chamber he goelh : but thou give dear beh&sE in this t 
Shall 1 smite him nnd shy, it so be that my strcn^h ovE:rma£ter hJa, 
Or bftle him hither lo thee, to the end thnt tlie wretch may atone 
For the treason that here he hath plotted, the deeds of outrage 
done?" [170 

Unto him did Odysseus the mnBifold -counselled answering say: 
" ] and my son will hold the arro^nnt suitors in pley- 
They shall οοτ win forth of mine halls, be ihey never so furious- fain. 
But wrench ye his feet and his hands behind his back, ye twain- 
Ca$t ye him into the room, lash plrtnks nnco anJde and wrist ; 
And lu^kc ye tost to his body a cable of hempen twist ; 


%U fiPtf>tf0fp 

Then tTftil yc him up by a pilUr, and nigh to tbc ntfter• Ulngp 
ThAi kUvc long Ιίτπΰ bu may liAOg in a^oy bm^uishiii^.'* _ 

So lie spake, λώΊ they hesu'ttenvd with hc«d, ceitbcr «taytd froai 

obeying the uoid. [oot nor bctid ϊ 

To the chamber they gal them with ^ptca : be wu there, but be uh 
Hew3SM^ΐldliϋtttUc^l;lL•Jlllbιΐτ jbuul, lu^itttici bim LuiCtlft-grjir κίοτ^ 
And ih«se iw^n stood ;vltliaiit upon ejih«r tide of the door. 
Back over tbu tbroshotd fatclii M<fljUi1biu«, goatberd-wicbt, 
And * beauiUul hcbiiot ho baucih i.u oao hancl» »Uon^ mid bn^^ht : 
[n the other an a:idciit «hiebl, [>ro^iJ, n)afred with a leprous mout^i 
Which Laertes wont <o wield >o bis wurior youui of old. 
Unstitched wore the tlioof^s ; h Jifld J»n Icn^ time unheeded there. 
They bavc; daJte^ upon hiir and ta'en, and Ihey dio^ bim wiiliin by 

the hm: f^hut: 

Down ωι th« τΙοϋΓ have they dJish&d bim, ΛΐΙ mrti^d uid terror^ 
And bi& fnet and his haods have they kshed with a gaUing bond £611 

fa*1. [150 

Year deftly aback did ibey twine them and knotted, ot>cyin^ the w. 
Of Laertes' son, the divin? OdysseLis, tbeii tmJ-trjcd ford. 
With a cable of hempen ply his body alofi they swaog ; \j>\ 
Up a pillar ibey trailed him on lugb, and nneAr 10 the rafters tb 
And a scoff and a triumph-cry at ihc wteich Εαηι«υ& flung : 
^* Soft l)ing for thoo, Melanthius ! Now shsilt thou watch thT«>Q 

the night. 
Laid on an easeful couch, £S for tbae il is meet and right : 
And for ^imiber thou shall not niJSA when the goidtbroned Dawn 

Comes Horn the Ocean -st team, what time thou wrnde^t, bringing 
Goats for the suitors to feast in (he palace revelry 'riniring/' [ lOo 
So there was he l«ft in ;i bond oi despair strained, biding lii« doom. 
Then their harness of battle they donned, and they ahuE Uus duor 

the room. 
And they &ped to Odysseus again, to the sbiflftil in coosmI of 
Tlierefury-breathm^andfainoft^ofi^ht on the threshold stood 

But many and mighty for banc were iheir foesonthe fcast-ball A 

Ha, who is thenfth drawruieiir ? — Zeo^' daugbier Alhenf is her•, 
Like unto Mentor in voice, and veiled in Mentor's fcrm ! 
Then did Odysseus rejoice, and he cried through the bAttlc-stoim 
" Mentor, stand up for mine help for tl^c sake oflhe days ^ane by 
For my kiifdness' sake I— we were boys together, ihou and I Ϊ " 

Hut he deemed her» even as he spake it, AEhcn6 the buttle- aider- 3to 
Then madly the fierce shouts brake from the smtois, fain to ha 

flayed her. 
And first did Damastor*s son, Agelaus, thrGHteniug uy : 
■■ Mentor, t>eware lest the words of Udytseus lend tbce aetray 
To cause thee to strike on his side this day» and to %bl agamci us 
For Ihy purpose shall peiieb, but ours shall he sorely accompluhed 



uf ^omtr- 


Λ& «oon AS the», yon bchri αητί son, by our bands shftll fall) 
Thr)u tf)o, for the der-Aa ibau art mindcA m do unio t:« in the hall* 
Shalt poriiih,4ind SO etuiti thou biinf; on iZiinc own htson bui«r rcnitrd : 
And when wc hftv'c icft away yt>ur strcntflh with the ui^c of th« 

Thy wealth, e\«o alE that thoia hast, tby lands and Ihy trtiAgurft-stor^» 
Will we cAst with tho heap of the spoils of Qdyaseus: thy sons no 
mcac [wife't. fi?et 

WiU we differ to live in thine halls, nor rhy daughter*; ihy d*ar 
Shall never ^o to and fro ikay inor« in Ithaca's Gtreot-" 

But the heart of AtheoU burned the hotter for this that be apaJcc : 
Fieice oo Odysiseus ^hc turned^ &nd ihe name of her scor:i outlirahe : 
'* Odysseus, thy prowess h gi>n<* itom thee Τ Quenched ii the battle- 
fire (sire, 
That was thine when for Helen, the white-armed child of a gbricus 
Nine years with thtf Trojans thou warrcnlei mi Men chin if evermore, 
And maoy a hero didst slay io the terrible t>a1tieToar ; 
And by ihy device waa the widewayod city of Priam ta'ea. 230 
How 36 It that, DOW thou art coa^e to ihiuo halts «sd poaqessionA 

Thou quadegt before the tiuiton:, thyupint i« waxen acold? 
Whatnot come hither» my friend, aad standby my side, aildb^<^d) 
Thou sh^t soe what manitcr of man is Mentor amidst of the foe. 
How Ak-iriiui' son reiiuiielh tht Idntlncss t)f long ago*' 
So she tpake, yet awhile she dented that the king should be 
victory-crowned : [might, — 

she tricth him yet in the finhl, to make uttermotit proof of his 
might of the man toil-tried and his dear ton battle- renowned, 
e is ;fonc :— on the smoke besmirched hoJi rafters dosky and dim 
Ve ihaLI see but a swallow perched• — yet Athenf took? down tipon 
him. t%o 

Up ΐφτηη^ D^mopcolemus, and arose DamaBtor's son, 
Amphrmedon, Burynomus. and they cheered the suitors on. 
To the fiunt Peismnder hath pieMea and Polybuii wariior-ioiileu. 
For that rhesf* tktrytrnd Ihr lent of lh«^ suitors were *ft»lwart and Ifold, 
Even all that were yet not slain, and they fou^Ut lor their Uve« In 

For the hittei airow-raiu had sluujjbleinl the leM that were there. 

Out «pake Ag^us th«n 10 the remnant there amy«d : 
" ύ frieods, at UsI shali yon man's terrible hands be «taywl I 
Lo, Mentor hath ullercd but empty vaunta* and bch{>ld> nc ίΐ i^one; 
And [hr.ri- Al the ditcnng-in of the doois arc they l«fl aloue. 250 
Now hurl ye your 1a;ncev— but not in the nelf^me instant all ; 
l^ut rather let tix of you cast at the 6rtl, if eo be 11 may fall 
That Zeus will vOuchiafc xii to aUy this Odysseus, and wio us re- 

Nothing we reck of the rwt, when once this man vJiall be down." 
Then, ήχ togethei, Ihey darted the 1 on j;- shadowed lanoes amain. 



nooK xxtT^ 

Hut Pallets AlhcTi^ thwaitec;! their spears, and she made all vafa. 
For one a column ha(h hie of the fitatdy- pillared hall ; 
And mto the door cloac^knil htith it clT«nccd to another to fait ; 
Autt hcAvy with bra&8 the hcftd of Anolhci crashed on tlic waU, 
Lo, the τρηΑΓίΐ of the suitors are sped, and boodes^ thecast of ih«m 

And cried Odys^us the toil-tried then to his vahani few ; 
** Now, Ο my friends, wtlE I give my coEiim^tmlmenl also lo yoU 
Hurl at the thrang of thn «iiitors^ the felons fiinous-fain 
To Mid to thoir crimes overpAsl the blood of the true men filain ! 

Then wctc the kcca spears sped true-aimed at thehcro'scorD^iaDd. 
Dfimoptolcmtjs licth dend hy the lante from Udysscti%' hand ; 
By the prince is iCuryades slain, and the awineherd is Elatus' ban« ; 
And the lance of the neatherd hath hit Heiuander» end laid him low : 
Theu fell they together» aad bit the earth in their agony-tbroc. 
To the hall'* fiir currer anon the remiinnt nf suitors fled ; 270 

And the kiog and hie men rushed on» and they plucked their spears 

irom the dead. 
And ai^ain the suitors darted the bng-sbadowed lances aiaatn : 
But Pallas Atheni' thwarted the more part, making them vain ; 
For one a column hath hit of the etalely- pillared ball ; 
And ii^Xa the door clusc-keit hath ΪΕ chanced to another to fall : 
And the lia^^-Eicavy abh a! a tlanl with a cra^h plunged into 


Yet the lance of Amphimedon missed not utterly ; ji^htl/ it gra2«d 
Telemachus' hand at Che wrist» and the face of the skin lialh it 

razed : [bote» 

And the 5pea.r of Cledppn^ sped o'er the shidd that the swinebwd 
And it scratched but his shoulderi and tied on past, and h Idll on 

the Ποοί. sdo 

Then The folk of Odysseiis the war-wise macifnld'Coun^lr-d k^o 
Their javelins keen once more at the throng of the suitors Hing. 
And the waster of tewer and town hath stricken Ε ury da mas down 
Lfy the prince is Aniphiiuedan sl'iin, and the swineherd is Polybus* 

bane. [spear; 

Through the breast of Ctesippus hath crashed the oxen-warder'a 
So down on the ground hath he dashed him, and shoutech a triumph- 
•*0 lover of gibes, Polytherses" son, never more at all [thrall Τ 

Shalt thou bltisler with great words, makmg thy tongue Ihy f^>Ily's 
Have respect to the Gods in thy speeds, for what is thy strcogth in 

their sight ? C^9<* 

Lo ihere thy reward for the hoof that thou fjavesC the bec^r wight. 
When udyssous bogged in the halb whereia all wa^ nie ovrii of 

right 1" too, 

So epake the warder of wreath^ horned krne ; bnt thft king rush 
And his long spear dealt swift de^ih »s he closed with Daouutof 


Dd. ] 


of feomer. 


Lo, how Leiocritufi reek when TelcinAchus' lance he feels 1 

For from navel to back the thniBt through his shuddering entrails 

lore. [floor. 

Ah be fell on hi^ face in Ihe dust, nnd his brow smote ϋΛΐ on rhe 

Th*n, Ihen from the rafters' height did Faltas Alhen& shake 
Hm a?gi5, and thrilled with aifrighldid ihc souls of the auilors (]u£ikc- 
And th)3 way and that from the kin^ ihcy tied, as lh« cattle lice 
WFien ihe hovcfmg gadtly's sHng ii driving^ them over the lea, 300 
When the long days come with the Spnngiide up from the south 

land sea. [turcs swoop 

But the king and his fotk — as the bow-bcakcd, crook -taloncd vul- 
From (be ciags on Ihe niountain's bfow, on the harmless fowl to 

Which, afar from the clouds low-coweringp scutry aloDg the ground ; 
But from down-rushing WL:]g and devourinij beak no rescue Is 

N<ather any oscapc* ; and with gloe are the Add carles watching; the 

chase ; iplacc. 

So ^mhti cliey the sLtlrors that flee through the murdef'Taveniag 
And rang through tha slaughter the thrtek and the ghastly moan 

evermcire, Γιιρ from the floor- 

As they hoicked at their heads i and the reek of their blood gleamed 
Then rushed Leiftdcs, ^tid t laspcd Ihc knees of Odywciis there. 
And with quivering lips he gasped forth terror-winged words of 

prayer ; 
*^ 1 bow at Iby knees, Odysseus, bavc mercy upon me -uid spare? 
Never, Ο never, to one of the maidi in ihine halls, 1 tweit, 
Have I spoken or done any shanjc or wrong 1 but 1 wont to plead 
With the others, essaying to stay them ffom evil word and deed. 
Yd they would not heaikcn lo me, lo refiaiu Iheii hands from sin; 
And they ran their fotly's race, and a ghastly goal they win. 
But I— I have been but their priest. 1 have not doBe anything : 
And !o» 1 must die : bo kindness goclli uuihanked, kin^/' 

But ibtrkly frowning OdysseuH Ihff nianifuld'CQunsellod said : 330 
** If thou wnt the piieu of the evil-doers thai her« he dead, 
Many a time in mine halle thou coutdst not cboosu but pray 
That the happy huui tjf my lnjuie-ieluru might be fai away, 
Thar my wife mighi follow thee hence, and my love hear children 

to thee:^ 
From dcnih the cutstrctcher in miacxy'Slcop shalt thou tiowisc fl<«." 
And hi^ sitic\v3r hand, as he sailh it. hath caught up a iword thai 

Dn the door, — Agelaus in death wild-reehng bad hurled it away ; — 
Down with a lightntng sweep through the midst of his neck he 

bhorc ; [flooj. 

And the prayer yet moaned on hU lip as hi« head was rolled on the 

JJut the eyes of the lovely in eong not y«1 had been Hooded with 

night, ^^o 


%it s>m^tv 


Of Phimlue. vrho sftxtg lo the throng at thdf fiiA8t6 In hid heaxi'» 

Bui in Iriimhling haods ht borr- his lyr<^ of ihc f.U»in <:lmr-rin|Ein|£i 
Aft ho Uood by the posEemdoor ; And wavered bie thoughte io aM 

fro :^ r<^euil! 

Shall he steal torn llie lull, and fly to ihc coortj^d, And aft msi- 
Unto Zeits the Garth-ward's highteared altar *^fi days long ago 
Many tliigha had (.Mys^us the king And L•:^ene^ ofiered chcrc,^ 
Or rush to Odysseus, and cling to his knees in desperate prayer ? 
Terror -goaded be thought ; and of these him seemed it vrcre better 

Thai his hands ahmild cling to the hnees of Odysseus Loeites* mo. 
Then hiscarven Ivre, the soul -enc hooter, laid the bard 340 

On th<! floor he-twiiit the bowl and a bright thrfjot *A\ret'iit»tt^. 
And he ran 'neath ibe sword, and he clapped the lcnee« of Odyteeve 
there; [prayer: 

And with quivering lips he gasped forth terroT-winged words of 
" Τ bow at Thy knees, Ody^eu*!, bav^ mercy upon n^e and spare Ϊ 
Thyself wih have sorrov; and ruth berefliier. if now thou <lo«t sisy 
A bard thai chantoth to Gods and lo menlclk hi* Io%-eJy lay, 
Nu mau h4lb taught iiie : my luaniicfld soug-craft c^tne untQ m« 
By the gift of a God, ard m iinio a God xvoiild 1 stng unro thee. 
An let not the flamo of thine anger be eJaked with my blood, 0' 


fthinr— 350 

For [ swear — find thy doar-loved aon will tell thc« the sdfian^ 
That not of my ^^\\ did Γ come to tbine halls, neither co^^etioi^j 

Day after day at the icusiA of il^e suitors I wont tosinp. 
Thr-y w*tp more, they were sirongflr than I, whom hitber by foce 

they brought." 
And Tclcmncliiia' sacred might heard how Chat snppJiaat cried i 
And he spake to bis sire fcrthnght» as he stood by the hero's side : 
** Forbear, net r her pierce this man with the bra»; for gtrittlese tt be : 
And Medon the h«iald withal will we tpare^who cared for ma 
Evermore tn out halls, when ] was but a. child, and thou ovcraca* — ^ 
If he have not been sTaiu of the swiueberd or neatherd, or crossed 

thy path [the storm of thy wrath." 

When the ligbtnineB of death flashed wide through the haM fros» 
So «peaks he. and Mcdon the wise^heatt heareth the bkfsid souod, 
Undci Λ thiuae as he liesj with a upw-tlayed hide wrapped round, 
And shriTiktn^- lerror-agha^C from black death '& bockonini; finger. 
He huth lt:apt lo bis feet, he hath coat oH the hide ; no whit doth 

he liu^ei ; [machuK iheic, 

Bnt he rushed to the prince and he clasped the knees of Tele< 
And wiih quivering lips he gasped forth terror-wicged worde of 

prayer: [sire 

*' friend. I λιπ here ! — refrain Uite fioin siiiitlu^, aud ^peiik tci thy 
La«r be slay me, now that his might is awakened, his hwt on ure,. 


Qf ttmm. 

VeDgoanoe- whetted on tfai>5e mad ioolS} that with riot and wron^ 
Wutcd hb wealth in bi& halU, &Ωά mcMikcd At ihco 50 lon^.'* 370 

Smileth upon him Octy^seus the m;iiiifnM-wiKe, and be ^th : 
•' Be of (fotid cb«;r, seeing this man hath diawD thee ;iback from 
death, [others this— 

To tho end thou mATst know in thine beirt, and mayst tell unto 
Ηθ4 thai better by m th\m Itir pvil dfr^ilinc the ^cxkI deed κ. 
But g€l you fortfa of the ball, from the biood i>f the slaughtered 

And ui ye down Ία the court, cien thou and the i^lorious ic song. 
Till Ί make full end of the work that bath wailed n:io^ hand^ o'er- 

So did he spea^, and they hied them forth from iho hall of bane ; 
Aa<i they s^t them down beside the altai of Zeus, tbey twain ; 
And there terror-dflxed ever rnund them iht^y gaaed, ia dread 10 be 

dam- 3S0 

Then did Odysseus glare throuj^h the hivll in the f>;atherio£^ ^looci 

To behold whether any man theie yet shraok horn the clutches of 

Doom, [of the spoilers 

There was none had escaped him ; in gore and in du3t lay the boat 
Heaps upon heaps on the floor, a^ the Hsh that the tiled sea-toilers 
Out of the sea-wa-sh hoac ία a matiy'ineahed net have haW 
Hfgh Lpon the «h^lvin^ shore; and the captives eitver^^caEed 
Lie heaped on the aaads,and they yearn for the waves and the dear 

cool spray ; 
But the pitiless sunbeams burn, ami they ^ϊΐ^ρ their lives away : 
So harped were the carcases one on another of ssuiiors dead. 
Then Ody^ueiu spake to bis son. and the mamfbld-counfielled 

udiid 1 jgu 

" Prithre call hither to me Euryclei,^ th^ nurse straightway; 
For mine heart hath gotten a word that my iip£ in her ears tniut 

So he spfikc, and Telemachtis hied hin^ to do hts father's will. 
And he &niote on the door, and he cried through the halJe so fear- 
fully still i 
" Aiise, thou ancient woman, the child of a long-gone day, 
Who ha^ watched with dilig^^nt heed the maids in out halls atwmy ; 
My father calleth for thee^ for that somewhat he hath to say/' 
So he spake, neither light winged sped that word to be wasted io 

Bui the opened the door^ That led fiom the w>:iiiien*i chambers fair ; 
And she came,— but Telemachui pnaeed before to the Hall of 

bane,— 400 

And \0. the revcugeat Uat, and Odyeaousannda of theelain! 
Gore dnibbled and cljst-ttesprcrtt, as a lion hu 'wstf, 10 see 
Coining up from the preyj which hath reot and devoured an ox ol 

the lea : 
Aiid hi^ shaggy che&t all o'eit ^oid hb red jaw» gnashing gtliD 


ll^t ΦΐΙ?90ί; 


Ar« beam^ATcd and mmetl with gore, — Ihou vtrotildst shnddtr to 

\ty6k upon him ; 
Even so with h\% feet al\ red, and his liandsi Odjrsseus stood - 
And ^^ %l%rc-A ;it \hc lira(K uf the dead, and tbe meosuic^tsss rivere 

of blood. 'wrouffh!; 

Then A shoiit triumphant ru&bed to her lips for the f^rcic deed 
Butr even as they parted» he hushed her sternly, and suflcrcd li«r 

not. [Hpake he: ^lo 

Though her soul wat exceeding fain \ and the awiftDticf^ed ^xirdt 
" Rejoice in thine heart, und rL'Frailt, ncithcfr about for the \ictory. 
Uoboly it b to triumph ovei a sUugbtoitd fue ; 
*Tifi the doom of the uods, snd ihefr owo ill deeds, that have laid 

these low ; fcontemn. 

For all that abide on the earth in their pride would they fiout 
Tbe base and the noble alike, whosoever fihutdd come unto tliem 
So they ran their folly's race, ard a ghaBily goal they win, 
Bvit thou, lolt ovor to iiic tho wonion mine Imlls within» 
Both thcni that be daughters of ahamc, and ibeni that be stamleei 

of sin," 
M&de answer to himEurycleiatbe nurse, and thufispak« ehe : 4>0 
" Ycft, Ο my son, I will tdf the talc of them aocthly lo ihcc: 
Fifty woiiica ihcrc be in ny \ο\'•Α Odjsseus' halls. 
Handmaids, the which we b^ivi^ r^iLghl lo fail at the toils of :hralls, 
And to eard the tangled fleeces, and under tlic yoke to bend. 
There be twelve that have turned tbciii aside on the paths of shame 

to wend; 
No honour they rendered to me, to the lady Penelop* none. 
And it is but as yesterday ihat thy £on untd manhood hath growl 
And bi» mcthei would not be should spcrak to ihe bandinaiub a wor 

of i3ower. 
But come, let me now go up to thy wife in her shining bow^r, 
Wbcre a uod on her eycUds hath shed sleep dews in A cooJ etiU 

Unto her rfid Odysseus the mantfold-roTinselled mate reply : 430 
*■ Wake her not yet ; but bid thou the handmoidE hitheiward hie 
Which have wrought the decdofshamu in the hateful days Kooeby/' 

Fuitb faicih Ihe aocient -hoary handmaid, b^Lsleninif 
To bpar lo the women the story, and bid tbem to come to the kiajf. 
Then cfllleth the hero divine 1ϊ£ sea and the neatherd 'i^'ij^ht. 
And Euma^uii the warder of swine, and be speedclh the wjni^cd 

woid-fligbt : 
" Be the cof pses borne forth now : therein shall the women toil. 
And thereafter the beautiful labEes and thrones from crimson toi! 
Shall be cleansed with streams from the fuuntaiu and :ipo[tgc» of 

manifold pore ; 
And so when the house ehaU be orderly dif^ht. and pure all o'er, 
Yc shall lead the handmaids forth of the stately- pillared hall 
To the mid >paice twiat tiie dome and the j/oodly cuurtyard-waU, 


Of ftomfr 

And 3mit« with the koen-edf^ sword till the sbttddcring soiUs shuU 

From xhi^ix limbs, Hn<l they qmt^ Corbet the daltiincu shameful -sneet 
Which they kn^w when in secret wise they wcsnt with the suUors to 

Then the liaudmaids cHitiG to tha ϋοοΤ( ull huddled logether fur 
WafUogaDd moumirt^ sore» »»d thMdinc full many & tear. 
First» brth of the half did th^jr bear tho Ijoidka of mughterod men ; 
And under the porch of the fatr-wallcd court they Uid them then, 
Propped one on ^nollier : and aye wa^ OdyssfLie speeding ihcm on, 
Thai Ihey could not choose but obey, itll the ghastly labour was done. 
Then the clots and the Maina of alau^tcr from throno and ffom 

burnihhcd bgard [pored- 

Cle^nar^d they wJlh the bnght snring-watet and sponges myriad- 
Therewiihal doth Telemachiis toil with the warders oi penfoJd and 

in sciaping the niiiidcr-soil fiOm the {iooi of the ricb-wroughl hzll ; 
And wilh shuddering these ofTscourings Che maids from the feasts 

hall bare, [diaht fair. 

Till the 5lainsof t he sword's desOurings were cleansed, and thcpUco 

Then Claused they the wuiiienlo tonic from the aiatelypiliiirtdUwll 

To the mid space 'twixl the dome and the goodly forccoixrT wall. 

In lh« strait wall-oDok dtd tljey pen Ihcni, vjhencd none could in any 

wise ^eo: (he; 

But the prince belhcu|:ht him then, and thus to his friends spalce 
" By none save an uuclean d^ath will 1 take (heir hves away 
Which have poured reproach on miao head and my mother for 

inany a day. ' pl*y• " 

And hai'e dallied o'erlong with the sukor-ihroTig in ihHr wanion 

Then Che rope ol an axnreprowed ship round a lofty piMar hacstfit: 

O'er the peak of the dome djd ho alip it* and lashed he the ends of 

it faut: [lighl. 

And heGtfained it up high, that the feet of nonfionihogronndi^houM 
And AS broad wingod thrushce, or sweci cooing doves, in their 

homeward flight 
l^s^h headlong into a net mid the twilight bn&hes sei, U70 

And^ as merrily nestward they go, into batefullesi bed they fall, — 
So held ihey Ineii heeds mow, and around the neclcs of iht^m all 
The sti^nji^iiu)^ noo^s clunks a death most wretched to die. 
And their feet for a lillli^ — not Ιοηρ — there nnivercil tcinvul!dvelyi 
To the court through the porchwciy door Molanihiu» then brought 

With the pitiless brass ihey i^ioie hia noie and bis eai* away : 
And they laie out ht^ mantioixi. and lltmg to the dog4 the blood-taw 

meat. [hie feel. 

And with Mem hearts an^er-atung did they alash olf bia bands and 
Then their hands and Uieii feet from tho slain of the blood and the 

dust thereon 

298 fJt^t iDSp00eS BOOK XXIL 

They wAflbed, and they went in ag&in ta Odysseus. 

The work is done. 
Then to the aged nurse Eurycleia spake the king : 480 

" Bring to me sulphur, the healer of evil, and £re shalt thou bring ; 
To the end that with sulphur-reek I may purify the hall : 
And thereafter my wife and her handmaid-train shalt thou hither- 
ward calL [me." 
Bid all mine handmaids throughout mine house that they come unto 
But the dear nurse spake yet again to her lord, and answered she : 
** Yea, well hast thou spoken, my son, and so shall it £all for the best: 
But nrst let me bring thee, I pray thee, a mantle and tunici-vest. 
Stand not in thine halls with thy goodly shoulders wretchedly dight 
In rags ; for to anger and shame all hearts would be stirred at the 
Sternly to her did Odysseus the manifold- counselled say : 490 
'^ First let the fire be brought to me now in mine halls straightway/* 

So did he speak, and in nought did the ancient nurse disobey : 
But with fire and with sulphur she came, and Odysseus purified 
The hall with the blowing name, and the house, and the forecourt 
Through the fair halls wended the hoary handmaid, hasteuing 
To bear to the women the story, and bid them to come to the long. 
And they entered, and streaming before came the light from the 
brands that they bore : [fain : 

And around Odysseus they poured, and they greeted him there full 
On the shoulders and bead of their lord glad kisses of love did they 
rain, [through 500 

As they clung to his hands ; and a deep sweet yearning thrilled him 
To lift up his voice and to weep ; for he knew they were ^thful 
and true. 

Φί rjjc mfitiiiff of φ btiflbdiitt anti toffr lans uuiitif rrH. 

WITH Uu^'liler of Inunipb-glec to thebowdrislbtoMntir^cgonr 
To tall to Peoelop^ ihat h«t lord is conic* b:iclc lo h» own : 
And h«r fo^l £e«[n«d winged a& th«y sped, and n^ more w«» th« 

Μ knees wc«k> bhc upcnlc: 

And eho »lood by PcDc^opi's be«Ld, and b\ilb joy-wioged wi>rd<k did 
" WalieThee, Penclopi ' wake, dear rhiM, ihat rhin*» ey^sniaj wt^ 
The ebin^ ihat ihroagh ;il] th)- days thoii hA^t y(>Arn«d ^r wearily. 
Odysf^u^i is come ^ He hath entered his pahcc, Intc though it b«. 
And halh ^lain the arrogjinL suiiois ihat wjisii^d his ho(ise, and d«• 

Hia g9od£f And ovil -en treated thy bot1( by their liosi overpowufed^" 
But BSSweEifii^ her did po^siiij: i^tsc ΡΰίκΤορΐ say: lO 

" Nnn^ nurse, ih* God* havr drivcin thwi mnd ! KOolh, mighty ar• 

Though a man sbaJI be never sc wbe, to drive him alJ disttranffht : 
And by them ts the stnaplc one into palh« of prudence brouehl. 
Thry have tau^ed thee to Mumble in mtod, who want er^i welU 

^vitted enow. 
What dont thou to vox me, who bear a spirit fulfilled of woe, 
With thcitc wild words, and buM waltetl mc front sIuihIxm !*\«cel and 

Which lay like a fetter upon me, and EoJded mine eyelids roimd ? 
For Dcver gat I auch sleep fiiocc Odyascu» hied bun awny 
To lutik upoD Uitim the i:iii»id. wlicise niuiie 1 loatht? tu ^aj. 
Now g«T th«« hence iorthrlRht •- so down to the hall again : 9o 

For if this had tfecn any othet of all mine bavdmaidtiain 
That had come with ^uch tiding:* as theso, and ίΓΟατ aZumber had 

wakened me. 
Right soon had I s«nt hrr sbftrk to retnm in «orrow *nd pain 
To the balJ : bat for thoc— thine ngc hath won this k^acx for thee." 
Spake again EurycJcia the nurse, and het voice nuig rapiure- 


^^t ΦΙ»Ρ00Ι7 


■* Ο darlint;, 1 mock ibco not Τ but indeed and in Iriilh, dear cbiid* 
Od>bicu3 b come, iuid baih entered hU own hou»c, even a» I m/; 
For this was fii^-slrarjgijrr whom all ηιμτι scomert hut yv*iietdHy. 
Yea, and tlio hero's return hAth been long lim• known to thy son : 
Bvit tic hid hia father's council, and sp&ko thereof unto none• |0 
Till the buLtr uf rcvQDgc far the deed&tbat the arrogant &uitoisharc 
dcnffn" [sprang, 

JoythrilJed with λ wild h^rt-throb from her bed hstth tfti Ja^ 
And with passionate tenr and sob to the ancicm womnn she cIlicjc: 
And slic cricili as Γη:>πι bceai bless -eagcx lips the winded \voTds tlev; 
" Ο tell rzi/t — oh pπthee^ dear nurse — spc^ak out, and answer im• : — 
Η indeed he hath come to his own^ if now in hiis palace tic 9t 
How on the shameless suitor- throng could he lay hia hands. 
Being onr and sbnc, but they wcrr a crowil in our lialls :ilwAy 

But in answer to her did the dear nurse Eurydeu say : 
'' 1 saw not, I heard not ; only there came aa from far away 
A ^oanin^ of men being slain : — but we were sitting: ^gha&i 
In the innermost chamber, and stiong-knit doors there prisoned us 

Till at la^it thy aon Telenmchua called to tnc oui of tho hall, 
DidJiity tiii^ LOLiii?, foi his fatlita ImU sciLt Uiui foitb to call. 
An<] there in the midfit of the «litin my lord Odyneu^ 1 found 
Standing with carcaeee etrown on the trampled l^oor all rouud< 
One on ADothcr ihcy lay : Lbioe heart would have ^lowc<l to Jtcc 
How Rore-t>cdabblcd and duet-ljesprcnl, a5 a lion, was be» 
But new, by the forc-couri gate is the crowd of their corpeee lying:: 
And the fair-£Jighi palace with sulphnr reek iB he punfying, 50 

For he Eij^htcd a rtuglity fuc, Άαό halb sent inc to call thoc in. 
Come with mc, Άτ\Α so in yovir heart of heans yo twain «hall wta 
Unto bliga for the manifold iJIs ye have siifferoo in days overpast* 
l^ng lime have wc waited, but now is the wish fulfilled at the U»t• 
Alive hath he come to his health, he hath looked on thy face a^^. 
He hnth sf^en hi« «οΐΐ in his KaIIs; and on all the tuitnr-traln. 
In the hoLiCD where Ihey evil -en treated him, venj;eanco for wrong 
bath he ta'en." 
But uiccrless of clteei made answer Penelopfi passing^wisc : [eyee 1 
** Ο boast Thee not yet, dear nurse, neither laugh with triumphant 
For, as toivchmii my lord's appearing, thou Icnowcst how wcfcome 

were this 
Unto ul\, but njost unto me and my son, my child and his ;— 6a 
But no, ah no I it is no true word that thou comest to siy : 
But one of the Deathless Ones hath been moved yon suitors to slay. 
Wroth for the heart -stinging outrage and wrong wrought day by 

day- [cfMitemn, 

For al] that abide on the earth in their pride would they dcut and 
The ba3C and the noble alike, whosoever should come unto Uicni. 
ThcreCuio their folly hatb Wrnught Ihem to bane : but Odysncu^ — 



Of iromrr. 


lie halh lost his return to his land : He hath pcfiahed fur away/* 

Bui again made an^wei t3 her KuTyclein ifie muse and v^ittl : 

" My child, whut taying is Cbis thiough tlie fence of Ihy teeth that 

hach llcjd ? (shore/ 

■ Nev*ir" ihou gaidst, ^ will my husband cojiie back lohia fiilhcilaad- 

Yet be sat by thine heanS, — Ο thine hearth it ti ilow 10 lelit-ve 

Lo no^ I will icll thee a sig^i whereby thou shalt siiroly know — 
The scar wliich the whife-ila&hjng tu%k of & boar dealt long ago: 
Thie 1 espied in washing his. feel, and fain was I 
To bAve told thee ; but swiftly hi£ hAQds 00 my Ιτρ had BtiHcd my 

And hp suffered me not to speak, for thai wanr-wise is my king- 
Q come ! I will haxard my life on the truth of the tale that I bring. 
If thou find mc a liar, slay mo then by the wretchedest death." 

But Peuelopi pas^ing-wbe moketli answer sigam, and she saith ; So 
" Ο nurse, ii were hard for thee, he xha\x never so mamfold-wise. 
To spy out the hidden couiisel^ that uods everhsting device. 
ttowlicit in anywise down to my son will wc puis, that so [low." 
I niuy lonk uu the i^uiiur?! deudp ^nd the niati iJut hath laid iheiii 
She went down from htfr bower ; and her heart lo and fro w*b 
wavering gtiti : [vi^ihi 

For awhile fihaJl she hold her apart, osd cnqmroof him all that sho 
Or ill l■Jv-ΪL|}>eΓ1tbι'4ί:eclJUgfHb(lo1]ύr^kj^smJ-^ishandsa[ld ht^bcAd? 
O'er the threshold of stone halh «he passed : on the feast-hall floor 

doth sho tread : 
And she sal down face to face with the kin^- by the further wall. 
In rh« hk^bi of the bearOi-fEie'^ bU/er : bu[ her lord live. jidUr lall go 
Sat with hiseyes down cast, ever wtiitiD^ one word from her, 
Fron^ the wife that beheld him al last, after many a wen/y year. 
Lon^sat she and mode nosj^n, ^»d heraptni was stilled with amaze:. 
And now she uplifteth her eyne in an earnest straining ^uze ; — 
Now toll they — ehekflowoth him AOt for therofra that his goodbhead 
bido. [and crted : 

Then Tcleinachus' heart grew hot» aiid he chode with his mother, 
" My mother, untnothf^rJy mother, who bearesi a cruel heart. 
Why turn £t thou away from my father, and fittest in silet^co apart ? 
And thou car'al tiol lo koow — Uiou hast nothing to ask of the long- 
lost nnwt hofj 
None olherwomar on earth would have hardened her hean as tfiou, 
To idand from her husband alool, when ihrough manifold troubles 
aaj soic [shore. 
He bad woo in the iwentieth year 10 the home on his falhcrUnd- 
But ao art Ihou ever-— thine heart evermore is harder than ttoncl" 
But Fenelopu pas^jn^f wi&e nnad« answer, and spako to her κοη : 
" My child, mine heart in my breast b sorely amazed this uty : 
And I hnd no word to ask, and Τ know not whal to say : 
And I cannot, I cannot look in his faco: — but if of α truth 


^ί)Ρ £>bigMtf 


He U very Odjrfocux come bick to bis bomc. w^c Iwaut, ^ood «ooUi« 
FnJl well shall l>e kntiwn of ekch οαΤιβτ i-rt long ; for lokerifi there be, 
Ycft^ many a hidd«D sino, that we know, and none bar ^vc," no 

So did ^\ic answer, \ι\ύ smiled Odya^cuv the man toil-tried. 
And hr turnnl tn bU vehc^mcnt Uiild. aoJ with li^bl-wingcMl vrord^ 

he replied : 
" Tdctnichus, suiler thy mclbet awhile in our halU ibio nijfht 
To doubt and to piovc me : it sh^ nol be Jong ere bbc rc^d me •> 

But now air I evilly v^tured In TAgv and fool to sm ; 
Thcrelbro ttho eligbt^th me, leUiit^ her heiirt that 1 iini not h^ [dou. 
But tfauu, uke i_uuns<:l with iiic tuuthiuf^ wliat &1inll be 1k?kc 1:i be 
For h« ihac baili murdered a msn in the land, yea, only on«, — 
Xhotif^h but few be the blood 'flveD^ferft for that kIaid man tbm will 

pkftdf*- (the deed- ijo 

Y9I the eJayer must flcCt leaving kinsfolk aad fatherland -borne 6>t 
Bitt w», we have slatn theddftnc*of the city, th^ noblest, I wts^ 
or the Ithacan princes: l>ethirLk thee, how «hAll w« anewer thi& ?" 

And Tclcmachiis wary of wit mndc nnswcr wiscJy and weli ; 
"Sep ThiHi cnio ibis ihjrself, dew faiher, for all mm tri) 
How thit in counsel the best thou ^rt of mortal men, 
And that non^ mny m^tcb hint with thee in wisdom's ca;;1c Uto. 
\Vc will follow ibcc he^irl and 50u] ; and 1 wocn in the hour of 

We will {uif not in daring and doing, even to cur utIermoM mi^li 
Answermg ^pake Odysseus the man of the ^vilc-tra^i^ht brea&t 
'* Therefuie, my sua, 1 ;^il1 tell bow it seeniclh W rne Ic be twsi : I 
rir«t «hall ye go to the bath and thuW clothe you in tunics ray, 
And spook to the maid& in our halU that they dight thorn id festal 

array, rhand 

An<l witb^il shall the glorious bard with his deiu-nn^nf! lyro in hif 
Awake with his strains the feet of the merry dandng band ; [sound 
That folk may say. 'Lc, a bridal is there,' if it chance that ibc 
Shotud be heard of the w&yiarcE pasung, or them thai be dwelling 

around ΐ 
That the rumour mfiy not go forth through the city ttr and wide 
Conccrnitif^ the suitors' slaying, or ever myself ahall have hied 
To my vineyards and orchard'acrr^ and tbeie wilb dUi|^ent brod 
Will WR look unto ihis. what help Altfather will send in o«r o&od." 
So did hi Epeak, and with ri^ht |,Ood wili heard thej and obeyed- 
Stmlfhtway tliey bathed, aikf in bright-hued tonic» thcdr bodies 

aiiayed. [ifckilled 

And thi? wiimen put on their aiiire,af)d thoheav^n-taugbtsoTif^raft- 
Hath talccn the hollow lyre, nnd th« h^arle of them all hatb be 

thrilled fdaDdofi- 

With the nf^stasy'TUKh of the non^, and their fei^t with a passion of 
And the great hall throbbed and rung with the fall of the feet white 


TOOK xxnh 

of ^ftinrr. 


As ιΙί« nn^ of the men ind tb« gay-gin maids Bwungligtitl/ round r 
And thua did the isio-follf eny, from without &ΐ tbey hearkened the 

soLiitd : 
"HarW! veHlysomeoneisw^ddingtheworM-wooedfiiiAenihisday * 
Oat on herl eeemed it a hard thing on to the end to stsiy, 150 

Her lord's housC'Wardcr, till came tho hero fiom far a^ay ? " 
Bui they MW not the ghjiMly pile of the eUin by the forecourt-wall. 
Now the great-heart h«ro the while \& gone to the bath in h» bill ; 
And Eurynom^ bathed him there, Eicd with oil she anoinEcd her king, 
And aroimd him n mantle fair and m lunk'Vest did she ^iaR ; 
And Ath«n& dowci from his head a gli>ry of \ycaMty shed. 
And taltcT and broader he seemed» and the wealth of his wavy hadr 
Over bis shoulders streamed as the hyacinth's purplo rarc- 
And even as A craftsman wi&clhat Hephstiitus and Paths ϊu^« taui^Kt 
Full many a cunmng device, cf whose hands rate treastiirs ατψ 

wrought, t60 

With the sheen of the ^old overspread will a ve^ol of silver enciLeei 
So on his shouldcis and head did Athexii shower down grace. 
And forth of Ibe bath is he gone : lo, fair as a God he shows: 
And he sat him down on the throne wEvence a liltte agone he τοββ- 
But QothiDg she spake nor stirred : and he cried» an indignant word : 
■^ Sliange woman! the Deatblcas OndS that abide in the hatis of 

Beyond all women to thee an adamant heart have given Τ |iitrivcnT 
There is rone other woman whose heart with the olden love had 
To «tand from her husband aloof, wh«D through mairifold trmibles 

and sore [«hor^f 170 

He hnd won m the twentieth ycnr to the home on his tatbcrUnd- 
Nuisct pritl^ce spiead me a couch, I will \»y me down to my rest 
Alonn; for surely of sleel is the heart in Penelnpfi's brfMHt." 
But Fenelopfi passing- wise unabaken anstvered the kinot 
" btnuigc m&a ! l am not high-rrindcdi nor count it ϋ little thingi 
Noi aril 14 on dcr -dazed ; but I know what manDei t>f tiian thou wasE, 
When the long-oared galley that bare my lord from Ithaca ]>aH*ett 
Euryctda, prepare him a couch ; — let the slroni^-knit bed be brought 
Out of chc stately bower that himself in the oid days wroiii^ht^ 
ThrtvwLlhoat he the strong-kmi bed set down and with brd-tfear 

fitrewed» [i8o 

With Hccces and mantles enow, and with bright rugs Irively hued-" 
Soipakeshelhe testing-word for hei husband, — Odysseus ilarted, 
And indignation 'Stirred l•^ <:ned to the queen wisehe^ried : 
" Lady, a h^arT-fttogirtf^' «-ord lod a cruet ia thift Ihoti hatt said ? 
Who bdth elsewhither moved my couch ?— good »oolhi he were hftrd 

Were he never bo cunning— *iave Imply a God himiwlf rjim^ thrtr. 
Who would lightly uplifl at bi« ptedsur^ aud me down othcrwbort : — 
But no man bving, tbouj^h never SO acalwart-yottn|; were he^ 
Would Lightly upheave it ; for lb«re ie s el^ end i marvel to see 


IC&t 2>ϋ^0(ρ 

HOOK χχπτ. 



I^one in the CArvcn bed ; i wrought it, and none h^dc 

Thcie giew in Ihr courlyai^il an olive with lan^-IcAvcd Arms spread 

wide, 190 

In its fulncs» οί j^iowtii» anJ In icuth as α pdJar of thtit miac hol]- 
And 1 built mc a chamber about it, and wrooght till I tinished the 

With Koodiy «one* c lose < ranged, and meetly I rool«d it al>ove, 
And enclottcil it with doore wdl-joined : Mrong-knit were the be. 

And iljer^After 1 loppeJ the lone-leaved olWe's hoary ctown ; 
Aed I rough-hewed All the Cniak, nnd with bra&s did I fimoot 

Featly Λαύ cuDulQi^ly^ for 1 IftlU ilie plumiikei thereto. [lliioiigb. 
So 1 shaped me a bedpost, and boraj it wjib augers through and 
And therewith 1 began my bed, and 1 fashioned it fair to eee 
With curious wcrk of gold and of ulver and ivory. 100 

And bri^jht llioags dyed with puiple I slreiched across helow, 
Lo this for a token l tell thee ; G.ibcit I do not krtavr 
U my bed stand fast m its place, or η busy mar-oraft th«r• 
Have hewn through the stump of the olive and set it oliiCt^vbcieJ 

Ο kneiislhiit a?, Wiilct arc wcaW, Ο heart's shield suddenly hroWenl 
Who save Odysseus could speak it^the spell of the secret toJ<ea ? 
She stayed not, but weeping she sped to him ; dear loving arms 

hath sho Hung [as she clun^ - 

Round tb*• neck of Odysseus, his head she kissed, and she cried 
•Ό lOLit not upon me, Odysseus — thou knowesE— thou needs mxitx 

know, fwoc» aio 

Wlio in ;ill tilings ait wisest of men i^btJt the OoiU have mclvd W* 
Who begrudged that from life's sweet morn we twain, ever aide by 

side I 
Should pace to the threshold of c1di to a love-litten eventide. 
Ο be nut indicant (or this» let not thine angei bi* hot [thee ncc * 
That when first 1 beheld thee with «uchlUce greetmg 1 welcomed 
For sJiuddcred mine heart in tny breast with a sickening fear alway 
Lcet a stTADgcT should come, end with Jalae words co£cn and lead 

me asliay. 
There be many that seek ftfter j^ain by the wiched wile and the lie. 
Ο never Helen the Argivc, the child of 2cus most high, 
With ft man of an alien fulk lu the bed cf love had lam, 
Had she but known that ihe ions of Arhaia, the baitte-fain, iw 
Would follow to bear her aback to the home from t\^henco she came» 
Of a truth 'twas a Goddess that moved ber to do the deed of 

shame — 
For not until then had she nursed that foUy within her eouj, 
That bitter infatuate folly, be^nnin^ of all our dole. 
but now,— forasmuch as thou tclleil a token dear as tbc light 
Coiccerning Ihe bed unseen of any living wighl 
Save only of chee and me, and but one of my maidens beside, 


of t) Diner, 


Eor^a cbildi who vra» given by n:y aii c lonj; a^^o tu thy ΐιΗιΙΰ^ 
Who hatii warded with ilili^eni he^ihrtlutir^tuf iji^ir l>rjil:t] ΐ»νβΓ— 
Ο husband, th« bonl lio^t jrieid^io beU«v« it) this aweei hcur [ " 330 

Then ihtillcd in hU heart ftod hie eyes a pft3<ui>n of crying yet 

And clasping his unnsomo'wiso belovM, ta«i wepT full Sore. 
Ο swoot ϊβ τΚβ tirel for eight of Cbo lAnd un(o thorn Chat awtm, 
Whose ship by iha Sca-<iM'a nii£ht on the wild sca sEormrAck-dim 
Hiith been split by ihc mad wind's joHt nnd the shock of thi? sLir^e 
doum^r rushing, [hoftry'dnshtit^, 

And hut few hjivo swum on to the nborc through the wnvo cr«cis 
With the sjlIi from the leagues of scA ovefcrusUnic their bodies 
^rj:>unilp [ground ; 

And with raptu» fnva bane they flee, and they tread on the blesUd 
So joyed that wile to behold her beloved, with white arms flung 
quad hii neck, and she could not uuCLjld them, but lovingly, lov- 
ingly clLiDg- [lingered. 
And UQV/ had the Rosy-nngered beheld them as weeping they 
liut Athcn£ the flaihiA^eycd willed not that this should befall : 
For »he cuuxed th^l the night «Imuld ^tbiUc in tlic Weai ; and she 

9Uyed withal 
Thi? Dawn by the ocean uiar, and «^ullered her not I0 yoke 
The ilcct'fooicd stocd£»of hc^ car, liffht-bcaicrs to all Eanh folk, 
l-AJEipiJ^ Λΐ^Α PhftcthoQ highlj the steeds that the Day-dawn bring- 
Th<-n thuE, inthehuihof the night, το hie wife spak«ihatinfi«kiag ; 
" Wife» ^vc have not attained to the end of our strife by this. 
There are loil^ fot the days to bo — a mea^urdoss store there is — 
Mnny anrl hard : I must pass through aIJ to the utiermoet- ftjo 

For ihin wsu foretoJd itnto me of tho wer Teireaias' gboet* 
In the dny that I hied n^c down unto Hudce' twui^ht hall 
To enquire of the honte-return of my itien and mine own withal. 
Bill rocnn, let u^ get us to bed, my wife, (hat vi wr Iwnin 
Mo^ f-weetly be liiUod in tho bosom of «Joep the aesuagor of pain." 

Then spake imto hi^n PcDeU7|>£ passing-wiie afiin : 
" Thy be<i shall l>e dight whai time soever thine heait is fain 
Of thy rest ; for behold, the Deathless hive brought my king once 

Back to thy fair-buill palace, back to thy fatherland shore. [360 
But ntjw — forasmuch ns η God hath awnkrned reriicnilirinas to— 
Teil me what labour remaineth ; methinks one day 1 sliall knovr, 
And nowise ¥iOrser is it that the calc be tdd itraiiihtway." 

Then did Odysseus the manifijld-tQLLQMlled auaweriug say : 
^• Darling, what hast ihoj todo to rec^urie [Piis thing of mef — 
Yet will I tell th«e thereof; I will hide no whM from th««. (heart 
Thy ^pint shall nowise borbddoried '. tho ahadow thereof on mine 
Dartily and heavily haagetli. He bade uie afar to de^iart 
By many a dry, and c^rry η well-poisrd nar with mr, T^ea, 

And to journey untu I should com• to a folk knowing nought of the 


ilSr Φΐι^Λ? 

BOOK xxii 

Wlio use not to winglc Ihc savour of sea born »Et with their uicjit, 
And who have no Itnowledge of gallejs wilfa bows of crimM>n tlyc, 
Kor of oars fair-balanced, tbe wings wherewithal o'er tbc wi:«ra 

they fly. 
And be told, and I tell ihee, the sigit of the goal of my wondcriDt; 

feet :— 
I shall meet in the way as I go another wiyfxring nmn 
Who shall say that I bear on my shining shoulder u vnnno^-in^^lui* 
There in the giouud iHust i plant the wcU-tmbijJ oar ihal I ^ιπη^ρ 
And ofTer a sacrifice fair to Poseidon iIju Rarth-shaking King : 
A ram, and α bull, and a boar, And then must 1 lura back Ijorae. 
And theie to tbc Goda cvcfUving miisi offer t hecalonib, 
UtttD all iu Uie Older due. ihat dweil iu the heaven's brL>ad dome. 
And at last in a good old age shall death come to me out oi the 
SoftJv, so Goftiyi and painlessly laying his I'tocjeT on nie 
OvcrooTce by the weight of years l^liss-UdeD. my people around 
Ueppy. Of all these things, said he, should fulnlm^^nl he found."* 
Made answer with words of cheer that fair wts&- though ted wife: 
" If the Gods vouchcafe thee peace for the eventide of life. 
Good hope is thine to be safely brought oiil of peri] and suife," 
So in the hush of the nigh: wise words and loving were said. ; 
The whtle Eucytiomi dight with the incicnt nurse ibeir bed 
By the Attmiug torches' light, and with soft bod-gcat bath eb 

spread- 390 

So they strewed with diligent haste the btight-hued nigs thereon ι 
And forth hatii the old uurse passed, and unto her rest is she gooe* 
Then to iheir cbaniber they came, and Ivurynomc paced before : 
As the banner of love Atreamnd the flame of the torch ihftt ihc 

bower-maiden bore: [in : 

But she stayed at the door, acd departed, and they twain cetera 
Ah, fain were the weary-hearted to Jove'a twin^rcat to win! 
And bv this the prince aad the ncut-herd wight at^d the κνΗη^- 

herd withal [bail. 

Br^alc oS the dance, and th« feet of the women are stifled in the 
Aud Ibey bte them to sicop where the shadows deep on the cluun* 

ber* falK 
Now when those loogsundered bad ta'en sweet aolace of love*4 

delight, 300 

ComnLuued they together ai:aiu, for llieir hearts weic full that ntgb 
And the Tovely lady told of the dark days weary-long, 
When she looked on the manifold foul deeds of (he euitoribron? ; 
How the glutton for her dear sake had devoured the sheep and the 

kine, [wine. 

How» the quenchless thirst to slake of the drunkard, ^owe<l the. 
And the hero spake to hi^ wife of the sniiting of ho!:ts of fo«6. 
And of all bis desperate sinfe in stemming the tide of woes. 
And she heard in a trance of denp delight, tind never descrtided 
On h«r eyelids the dew^dl of sleep, or ever the tak was end«d. 





of ftomcr. 


(H« told of the bJodd stair«d gtraod whcr^ he smote the Cicouians; 
then 310 

Of the perilous fruitful land of the Lotiiu-eatiTig men. 
And he spike of the Cydop's cAve, aod of th&t grim vcngtmnco 
wrought [not ; 

On the fiCTia that devoured hie br.ive war-fellows, and ^niied xhcnt 
Of ihe moanini; isle-whcre the Wind-w^rd gave siranjfe help for the 
Yet it was not his weird to iuid for many α weary day 
Sweet f^thcrUpd, but tf^c »>vccp of the wink's of ihc hurnc^ne bore 
Far ^way on the fish-fraughl deep the wanderer grozining sore : 
And he told οί the giants' wide walled Lastrygonian town, 
And the ^tAughtcT-cnmioncd tide where his gallvys and men wcot 
iluwn, [fraught Ιχοιιτ : y^a 

'Wher« none save the galley thai bare him e&capetJ in the deHth^ 
And lie told her of Circe's f^are, and the witch-wiiu'3iTi£tt;i<^ power; 
And how lu the auiiksscgasl, aod 10 Hades* luansioa dicar 
He Sftfled, 10 enquife of the ^'hosi of Teire&ias, Thebiiu seer, 
And bebald in the shadow- tandtherj^ war-feiTows of brave days gone, 
Ycstj looked 01Ϊ the mother that bore him and nursed him a Utile one ; 
li<rw weiiijly the iong'tlood rolled when the lips of the SircnschArtted• 
/CM the WaTidtring Itnrkii hr told, nf Charybdis ter mi -haunted, 

I And of Scylla the grim cra^-hcnd, by whose lair pass scatheless none; 
L And he told how his shipmates nnned when they slaughtered the 
I kinc of the Sun; [biand 330 

I And how 7en»i, that rolUth htn thunder on high, with h\^ smouldering 
I Shivered chci galley in sunder, and perished bis gallant liand 
I AJi ina momcni, and only htmsdt from their doom miyht Hce; 
I And he c.iine t« CalypWs toticly isle luati unknown seii, [for aye 
I And ihe kept him there, for her wilJ was to have him her husband 
[ In her ruck hewn cavils : and tttll would the lov« lorn Goddebs ULy 
i That bis youth-tide never should fail with her, nor hia death-day 
I come : 

I Bui all wae of no avail, for the leal heart longed for home ; 
I And how the Fh^acian ebore, after manifold troubles, he trod. 
\ And theyloveJbiniQnceedin$9ore.aQjhooowedhJn:evcnas Agod. 
And lent him a galley το go to hU own df*ar fsrhi»rlr»nd, 3^0 

With goodly raiment enow and with braee and cold in hi^ hand ; — 
But he dreamily murmured there, for that sleep ^id down upon bim. 
Lulling: the spint fiuiL c&ie, soFl'!>iiioolhUiK the weary limb. 

But Aiheuc the ^rey-eyed hasted Xa do yet more than this : 
When she deemed that udys^scus had tainted his heart's desire of blisSn 
jn the nrm» of his wife enfoldcn. and Japp«d in happy sleep- 
Then from Ocean she ^pcedeth the GddcU' throned todimb Hesiren*5 

To bear unto menfolk iifrht : eftBoouE doth Odveeeuf wako ; [spake : 
And hesprim^ from his couch forthright, and pi» heat to his wife he 
" Wifut we have dimmed out a cgpovetl>fimmlug with ton] end pain ^ 


"ΪΕ!)' ΦϊιρϊβΓ? of ^Dtner, book xxu 

Tbou, weeping with heart-sick yearoiDg to see my face again, [$* 
While Zeus and the rest of the Gods with a tribulation -chain 
Have fetteted mine eager feet far off from my ^therlaod-shore- 
But seeing we twain have come to our dear, dear bed once more. 
Unto thee I commit my goods in mine halls to order and keep. 
And forasmuch as the suitors have wasted the flocks of my sheep, 
Some will I get me in foray, and some shall my folk restore. 
Whose sons were the robbers, till full shall my folds be, like a 

before- [depan 

But myself to my vineyards and orchard -acres this mom wi 
To look on my father, — ah me, he is stricken with anguish of heart 
Thou, hearken my hest, albeit thyself art wise, I trow : [36 

So soon as the sun shall be risen, abroad shall a rumour go 
Concerning the suitor-rout, whom I in my halls have slam. 
Go up to thy bower, and there abide with thine handmaid- train : 
And from looking forth thence upon any, from asking of tidings 

Eftsoons as he spake did he don his flashing battle-gear ; 
And he gave command to his son and the warders of swine and stce 
To gird them with war^array, and to take their weapons in hand- 
And they all made haste to obey, and they dight them with harnes 

and brand. [371 

And they opened the doors, and forth they hied them ; Odysseus led 
And by this was there light on the earth : but Athene around ther 

The veil of a cloud for a night-black shroud, from the town as the 


BOOK xxrv. 

£Dli{>d0ru0 αηϋ rljr kui οΓ [(jr slain ^orrrert dc onr ngain. 

THEN irom the light of tb» day the souls of the suitor-baod 
Did Hermes summon away ; and his goldco rod la hU buidi 
The Waud of ihc Spcib, bath he ta'cD» that ch^rm^ into slumbei 

Whomaoever he will, una acain it brftaketh the bsuids of sleep. 
Therewithal doth he drive them oitd hcid them : with ^bbering low 

ihey follow: 
And even as hat£ in a weird vast C2vrirn*s twilight hollow 
Flultor around fainL£quc.i]in^, vrhoo broakelh the cluster that hung 
All day from the dim lockccili&g, wheiefioni the foul tilings dunj,', 
Evan sorh w^s the sound of ihelr ciyin^ ; and Herirca went ever 

before, [to 

As odowTi raiik pathways ftyini; they «wept to the eimlua sbofc. 
Ity the lone White Rock fire Incy eonc, by Oc<an'b«ileei>Ie»htttutiiiil•, 
They have passed by the gft1«t oi ih^ mn, they are come to the 

land of dreams. 
Bftsoons is Ihc dfcAr κ^αΐ won, the Meadow of Asphodel» 
Whcie tiie souls of the toii-fcrdonc. the slrcu^zhlesfipbaDtonis dwell. 
There, grand in ihe gloaming dim. was Achilles the mighty-souled. 
And Fatroclus beloved of bim, and AnliLoc^us vnltant of old. 
And Ajax, a siatdy ghost, who in goodlibead once outslionQ 
All mrn in the Djnaan hosi siive matchless Pcli(J€^s alonr. 
And these were driwii to the dde of the peerless in battle-prida ; 
i\nd out of the nciheigloom one heait-slnckcn with EnRuiih io«, 30 
AgamomDOn. AtretJ»' sod ; and a throng was around tiim of iho:^ 
Id Ae^isthui^^ p^faci? thai died with their loid to his tloom betrayed. 
And I he shade of Pelides cned itnio A^meniaon'• ftbade: 
" Atreid&s, we counted thee <jcar unto ^υβ the Thunder-lord 
Evermore above all the heroea ia that Iuuk leaguer that wairrd ; 
For that ihon over hosts upon hosn* of mi^hly mm didei id^Q 
En Ilium-land, where strove the Achnaoe with toii and polo. 


%lt a>lip0er; 

BOOK xxtv. 

Yel wks ft £atfd thai Doom should flrsl unto thee Jraw nigh, 
£νβα Dcftth the Destroyer, whom none cf the chudren of vvocDea 

may β/• 
AUit thnit it WAS Dot tb> Vi«ird, ui ihe fiush of thy royaj power, 30 
in the hnrl of Troy as a king to meet King Deafh in his hour. 
'ih«»n had Ihe host of Achfe^ns the death-ntes rendered to lhe«, 
V«a. thou hadst won gttAt fame for ihy son in the da^s to be ^ — 
Ah no, thou wasl doumcd ίο he Uapped in a. death-gin wreit hnlly." 

Answered ^nd spake unto him the spirit of Alteu*" ton : 
" Blest fidon ol Feleus, Achilles, thou godlike peerless ouc, i"fraiy 
Who tlidat pcrisli from ArgOE afar, and around thee maddened the 
Of and Ttnjiiii slaying to win thil gloiiaus prry ; 
Mighty thou lay'st as the mighty should be, vritb the whirlvrind of 

war fear. 40 

TosMni; round thee the dust, and forgatteet tha niah of thy btttite^ 
Soue f-rappled ihe livelurtg day. and we had not refrained u« thttt, 
But Zeus sent a hurdcarte siiiUng the Uorm of the bnitie of mon. 
But when from the u^hc to iho 5Ϊή^ we had borne thee throu^ 

dcaperftte toil. 
We Inid ihee down on a co^ich, and with steaming water ftnd oU 
Cleansed we thy goodly limbs; atid xFe Ehed full many a tear 
Over thcc, Aud theirlonguowiogbaif didthe Danaan princes sbe^. 
Λοίΐ ihy inutlicr came up fiom the wAve« with the deatLIess ?hfaids 

of the Sna ; 
And thci ftoutid of the cry of them rang o'er the great deep AwiuUy. 
And on all the Achse^ns came there a shudder of mighty dread : 
Up^i^rLed they all» and now to the hollow «hips had rhcy rle«l ; co 
lint a hero withheld them, in manifold ancient wittdnni wls^, 
Nestor» whose counsel aforetime was ever the be^t in thcii eyes: 
And hb voice cf good cheei pealed far through the stoiiu of the 

tramphng and cries: 
■ Refrain you, ye Ari^ives, ye sons of Achaia, forbear to ϋ«ο I 
Lo, his mother conies up ^om the waves with the deathless Muds 

of the Sea. 
To the great cle^tth -greeting of him who is passing gloriously/ 
Then ceased the fear of the mighty -heatitd Acha^ao men- 
And the hoar Sca'arcient'a daughters gathered around thee tbrn 
Mourning wiLh wait^ heait-picicing, and wrapped thee in raiment 

divine : 
And there moaned an answering dirge from the sweet-vdccd Muse» 

nine : 60 

And there hadst [hou seen no face of an Argive bui filreamed with 

tears, four «Mn. 

So erthralhng the clear-ringing vcdceof the Musoa thnlled through 
Night and day wc bewailed thcc for seven days and ten, 
Both deathless Heaven-abiders and deathling children of men. 
On the eighteenth day to the fire we gave thee, and round tby bier 
Slew many α falling sheep, and many a wreath-horuod steer : 



oC ^onirr. 


Thou vtr^st burnt in the robes of the Gods, mth ointment aroufld 

thee strcaioing» 
And amber hone/, while heroes in bnttle-hAmess glt-aminff j 
Footmen ind hoisemcn, clashed as the wavering names s.ioi hi^h, 
And ll)c tliiimJer-rcar <if a countless host rolled up to the *ky. 70 
Wh^n ihe FJte-goii's br&ilh had consumed those glnrioiis limbs of 

thine, [shine, 

Ο Achilles, we gathered the Hfline- bleached bccea in the irorning- 
And iit puie wiac InrtI thE^m sad aiDtment ; a lovely golden vase 
Of thy motheT was given : llie gifi, said she, of Ihe Wine-god it 

was, [reiiowued : 

Which the hands of HepharMus had moulded, the Godsmitb craft- 
Thtii^ ait; thy wliLte bones lying, Achilles glory -crowned. 
There mingled wkh thine are ch^ bones of Patfoclu*, the loved and 

lost ; [most 

Bitt AniilochuV bones otherwhercp the man that thou honcurcdst 
Of all tliy companions» save only i^e dend MenttlJus' sod, 
Aod around tbem we heaped up a barrow, a great and a goodly 

onc> ώ 

By Eh? coiuillesa hand^ of the speamian-ho^t of the Λτ^νο land» 
High on a windy foreland on brtifld-flowing Hellespont's strand, 
A baacon abr to be seen over weltering leagues of «ea 
By the men of the days that arc now, and thechildrcn of days to be. 
And thy mother asked of the Gods, and for prowess of hero and 

Glorious prizes she set in the midil of the athlete-ring, 
Ofi ba&i thou looked on the honours that fall to the war-rcnowncd, 
When Λ bat tie' stricken king lieth down in his great catth-inound. 
And the young men yird them, and glenm the prizes in goodly 

array ; [hebdd that day, 90 

But at this hadst thou marvelled the most, could tbine eyea have 
Willi glorious prizes fui ihy sake Thetis the silver -shod 
&«l in the midst, — ihou wert pAsfiing dear unto many a God. 
Yea, and not even in death hast Ihou Laid thy glory dowiti 
Bui peerless amongst all men e\ctniL»re h tby reuoi^'a. 
I knitted Ihe war-skein up, bm wherf-in wa^ my joy ct my gain, 
tieeini,' 2$tis in mine ho me< returning docm«d me to bitter bane» 
By Ihc hand of my murderous wife and her paraniour to be slaiD ? " 

Su stuod Ihe herues tbeic ctinmiuiiiiig v( (hicg^ ^one by> 
But the Guide, the Λ tp 1 1*1 -slayer, by this i^ drawing nigh : 
And the dark throog alEvr him iwapi of th« foefi that Odysseus had 

quelled^ 100 

And to meet them these twain stepl, is amaxe at the thing they be- 
Then Lord Agamemnon's ghoil knew one of that shadowy host. 
Seeing Melaneus' dcar-toved son» far-lainous Amphimedon, there; 
Bond-fiiends in Ihe oaith-days ^jone in his Itha&an palace chey 


312 'iCilf jDuptfiiep BOOK xxnr. 

And the spirit of Atreus' son first spake unto bim and said : 

" What evil mischance hath brought you to this mirk land of the 

All chosen men like-aged ? though a city were searched all through 
For the goodliest men therein, they had chosen no other than you. 
Was it Poseidon that met you tracking the printless way, [ito 

And smote you by armies of winds and the long sea-rollers' array ? 
Or were ye by foes in the midst of a foray overtaken and slain 
As ye swept the cattle and fatling sheep hOm the harried plain ? 
Were ye warring for some strong dty or some fair woman again ? 
Tell me, I pray thee : thy bond^friend 1 am, as on earth erewhile. 
Rememt>er how I came to your halls in Ithaca's isle. 
And with me Menetaus the god-strong, to cause Odysseus to cc»De 
Unto Ilium with us in well-benched galleys over the foam. 
And a whole month fled or ever we passed the broad sea-tide : 
So hardly we won City-waster Odysseus to fight on our side." 

Outspake Amphimedon's ghost to the ghost erf the hero then ; 120 
" Ο Atreus' son, far-famed Agamemnon, monarch of men : 
All that whereof thou hast spoken remember I full well ; 
And the storj^ of all these things unto thee will I faithfully tell, 
In what fashion the evil accomplishment of our death was wrought. 
The wife of Odysseus the long-lost hero wooing we sought ; 
And she, albeit she loathed this marriage, refused not nor gave, 
For her thought was to bring us to doom, and to thrust through the 

gates of the grave. 
Yea, this thing too she devised of her wiles, our hearts to deceive : 
She set up a stately loom in the house, and began to weave ; [130 
Broad, tine of thread, was her web, and straightway to us she said : 
* Youths, suitors to me, since verily godlike Odysseus is dead. 
Tarry, how eager soe'er for my bridal, until I have wrought 
A shroud^ — for I would not the work of mine hands should come to 

A winding-sheet for the hero Laertes, against the day [away ; 

When the baneful doom of the outstretcher Death shall snatch lum 
Lest Achaia's daughters at me should tn indignation be loud. 
If he, after all his wealth, should be lying without a shroud.' 
So did she speak, and hghtly consented our lordly will. 
So through the day at the great tall web was she weaving still ; 
But at night she unravelled it all^ with the torches beside her set. 140 
Three years by her wiles were we batfled, and none mistrusted her 

But it fell, when the fourth year came, as the seasons onward passed. 
And many a day was bom and died, and the months Hed fast, 
Then one of her maidens, who knew full well, revealed it at last ; 
And the while she unravelled the web, we suddenly came on her 

there : 
So perforce must she bring the work to an end, how loth soe'er. 
And she showed us the mighty web, when the weaving all was done. 

of f?onier. 


And fhc washed it, knd hrit^ht 4s the face of the «nn or the moon tt 

Then, then did OdysKui return, !*d on by i fiend-god's hiind : 
And he c^tme lo his nvinch«rd^u hut ία tht^ uttermost port dI the 

land. I y> 

Thithci ihr. ileal snn ninie of Odysseus the hero divine. 
For irom sandy Pytos he fir«d in a black sbjp over the brine ; 
And xht5G for tb? host of the suilors plotted u j^rini doom there. 
And thtrreaftei tm to the city far-renowned they fare ; 
Rut Odys^euB the last, for Ttlemachus led the way before : 
Ijuc th« «wiuelierd guided the hero, and evil attire hewor» 
[n acnibluncc lil<c to a bcsitEar wretched Ard eld-forlom, 
Propped oc a staff, and arrdyt^l Ϊ11 fouJ rairs tittcied and torn. 
Was none of u^ all that might know him who came in such sirangc 

AIL unforesceis. not they that were older and wariet-wise, t6o 

Hiill did wc bulTet and pcli. and with u^oids of shame revile. 
Bnt the king endured all this in his }\λΧΗ for a Hitle while ; [word, 
For he baldened his hc^ti to bear foul baffet And hftiirt stinj^ing 
Tilt the counsel of 2cu5 the Aegia-tosscr hi» spirit stirred. 
Then he and bis son look ii|3 the lieautiful wcapoiis vf '«■at : 
Id a chamber they stored them away, and the doors ihereoT did 

they bar. 
Then in his fulness of craft he gave to the lue^n his behest 
To K»ve to the sdfors the Ijow and the hoary steel for the test. 
For the oriieal,— nay, for the d^oiiied the befiinnmj; of murdenn;f ! 
Was never a mati of tis all could prevail to strain the atnng 1 70 
Of ihir mighty hcjw, for our thews iaa puny \ty far were found, 
But a1 la^t to the hands of Odys^us the kdatit how came rOQQd, 
Burit Irom us all a thunder of threat* and of fierce shouts there; 
'Let no man give hin; the bow, thouf^h bo plead witli m&ayji 

prayer I ' 
But Teleniachus only withstood tie, and stoutly h« v^ve cotntnand. 
So LodFike Odyaeetis the toil-tri^ took that bow to nia band, 
ADdUghily he fltiained it and MTung, and ^ot through the Jroo 

lane, [of bane. 

And he Jeapt on the threehold. *Bd potir«d fit hie feet tbe speeder» 
Terribly j^larin^ around ; and be shot Aniinoua de^d- 
Aud ihcieaftet the arrows vf anguish at one and aiiothei be «ped ;dci 
Wifb murderotis aim; fast f?ll they in panic- hudil 1*^*1 flight. 
Then wa« it known that a God was helping oor foes in the fi^ht : 
For fury-HuAhcd through the halltbcy rushed slaying; left aod right; 
And ran^ ibroiigh the slaughter the shriek and the gliAMly ffioan 

evermore [from the Itoor. 

As they liaclccd at our heads, and the reok of cur blood ^^te-amcd up 
So. Agamemnon, we died ; and our corprfcs vet lie (here 
fn the hulls uf Odysseus, unpiiicd. forlcm of rhe ilrath-iiie γλγλ; 
For nothing; as yet do hifi friends in each man'a dwelling Icnov, 

314 ^it j3Dlip0fffp BOOK XXIV- 

Who would wasb from the gaping gashes the blood's black-clotted 
flow, [the dead-*' 

And would lay them on biers and lament, for the honour is this of 
And the ghost of At re us' son unto him made answer and said :[i9o 
" Ο happy Odysseus the shiftful, Ο blest Laertes* son ! 
With mighty manhood -prowess ά virtuous bride hast thou won ί 
What an exceUent spirit was found in noble Penelopu, 
Jcarius' child I — how clave she unto the memory 
Of Odysseus her wedded husband 1 Therefore her love's renowD 
Never shall die ; but the Deathless shall crown her with son^ for a 

That all men shall bless the constant- hearted Penelope's name. 
Ah, not as Tyndareus' daughter, who wrought the deed of shame 
And murdered her husband ! — a byword, a song of evil fame 200 
Shall she be among men : she hath poured upon all other women 
dishonour, fher." 

Yea, though a woman should do good deeds, that stain will be on 
So of their griefs are they telling with voices that hollowly sound, 
Standing in Hades' dwelling, the caverns underground. 

But forth of the city afield are the kinf: and his henchmen gone 
To the acres goodly-tilled which Laertes' self had won. 
Wresting the fertile ground, sore toiling, from moorland and wood. 
There was his homestead ; around it the huts upon all sides stood. 
The huts where ate and slept, and in noontide-heat sat still [aio 
The thralls that Laertes kept, and that faithfully wrought his will : 
And an ancient handmaid there, a woman of Sicily's race, 
Ever served him with loving care in the lonely upland place. 
Then Odysseus turned him and spake to bis son and his hench- 
men twain : 
" Now shall ye enter the well-built house and there remain : 
And there shall ye slay for our nooning the best of the swine 

But for me, I will go to Laertes the old, and will make assay 
If my father will know, if his eyes will kindle beholding his son. 
Or if 1 shall be as a stranger, who many a year have been gone." 
So spake he, and straightway cast to the thralls his battle-gear. 
Into the house they passed eftsoons ; but the king drew near 220 
To the fruitful vineyard, fair with the green vines' ordered rows. 
And he spied not Dolius there, as he passed through the great 
h'uit -close, [all 

Neither one of the old carle's sons, nor a hind, but gone were they 
For to gather them fencing -stones for the gaps in the vineyard wall ; 
And with these was their old sire gone for an overseer and a guide. 
But his father all alone in the fair -terraced garth he espied. 
A vine-stock there was be hoeing, in eartb-stained tunic clad» 
Patched over, unseemly showing, and round his ankles be had [230 
Leathern buskins, by reason of briar and thorn that shrewdly 


of ^omfr. 


Hcdg^Ts' gloves on his liAnds h;id tho sird, and Λ goAttkin bonnet be 

wore, [more. 

For be dig hi him in «vil ntlirc, th^it 1ιί% aurrciw inii^hL raitklc? the 

Now when tliM drear sight was b«heM of Odysseus tlif kitig loil- 

wtjin, — [botae,— 

Thai oW man strickcii vfitb eld. and with wc|i:hl οΐ hi* woes ov«r- 
He sEaved him under a pear tall-grown» fui with tcais was he blind. 
And a littU he wavereth there in the thoughts and intents of his 

Whether to ktas hint and cling to his dc£r-lovcd head, end to tell 
Of the end of his wandering» and how hi^ retiiro bcfd]. 
Or with qneslioning nrst to test if the old mj^n'n hciri would know. 
And in this wise it seemed to him bestp sl% he turned it to and fro. 
With speech heAil-thiillinf;; Eo tiy him< and hnld him awhile in play. 
And the hero divine drew nigh ro the Eld-forhrn vtmjghtwny, [340 
There £ti>od he stirring the grcund at the roots with low-bowed head ; 
And his hravc son batilc-rcncwned stood hard by his udc, And he 

said : 
"Old sire, thou art no lack -know] edge in lending the orchard-cjciM, 
Bni the work of thine handa goeth well ; there it nothing therein 

thit grows. 
Neither seedling, nor liutree, uoi vine, nui any ulivc no: pcdi , 
Nor a plot of herhs in the garden^ that hiirh not known thy γλτρ : 
Thi& too will I tell thee, And Jet not thy cpint be nngered tor this, — 
Sorry enow ts the care that ia taken <it Ineci 1 vrh ; lly to aec. Sjo 
Thou art wrciched wiihtld.nnil unkempt, end thy garments unscem- 
Noc for a slothful servant tliy lord negJecreth ihee \ — 
Vet nothing appearoth in th«c of the thrail or the underlJas 
In stature and gjgdlihcad, Sui lliou seeniE?^t a sciy king. 
Thou arr like unto such an oai£ thai should bathe at his pleasure 

and eat, 
And anon lie softly ; for this for the stricken in yenrs is meet. 
But ^nme now, answer me this» and the truili thereof declare : 
Whofic thrill art thou» and what man'* orchard knoweih thy care? 
And tell me the truth, to the end I may know this certainly, 
If indeed I am come unto Ithaca : «o wa^ it told nntc mc 
Of Λ man thaE I met by the? wuy but nnw, as I hilhcrward hied, 260 
But a dnlbwilted wight ; for be found no answer, the ehurl tongue' 

tied — (asked him this 

YcA, he stayed not to hearken my word — when 1 fain would have 
As touching mhir ancient friend, if alJw in the land he is, 
Oi if he be d«ad, and a dwelLer in Hades' dwellings drear. 
Lo, now will 1 tetl it again unto Ihcc : thou mark me. and boar- 
A man wA3 my gueat in mine own dcjir land io the i^ood day» gone* 
\Vhicb had cume to mine hou£e, and dearer ihan he hath there nevei 

b««n one 
Of all the ouflnnd folk that have COnic to my palacc-hAll : 
And he Drtincd him An Uhacan born ; he spake unto nic withal 

3i6 'Hl^ iDttpffSfff BOOK XXIV. 

Of his Either Laertes, Arkeisiiis' son» the isl&nd-kmg. 270 

1 took to mine balls the hero with princely welcoming, 
And entreated him lovingly, giving of all my store the best ; 
And I gave him the gifts that are meet and right to bestow oq the 

Out of ray treasures I brought seven talents of fine-wrought gold ; 
And 1 gave him a bowl of massy silver flower- bescrolled ; 
Twelve mantles of single fold, and as many tapestries. 
And beautiful cloaks as many, and tunics as many with these ; 
And besides all these, four women, in lovely loom-work wise. 
Comely withal, for himself chose them that were best in his eyes." 
Maketh answer bis ^ther, while ^st and &^ter his hot tears Sow : 
'* Yea, stranger, yea ; thou art come to the land of the whicti thou 

wouldst know. 
But tyrannous scomers be there, and the froward rule in the land. 
Vain were thy presents, all vain the untold gifts of thine hand ; 
For if tliou hadst found him alive in the Ithacan land this day,_ 
Then with a goodly requital of gifts had he sent thee away, 
And with good guest- welcoming, paying the debt of thy kindness of 

But answer me, answer me this, and let all be plainly told : 
How many years agone was he in thine halls received, 
Thine hapless guest, my son — ah mine, if ever he lived ! — 
The evit-fated ? A^r from his friends and his fatherland 390 

The fish in the sea have devoured him: it may be on some wild 

The ravens have pecked bis eyes, and the beasts of the field have 

torn ; [mourn ; 

And never did we that had borne him array him for bunal, and 
Never his bride, rich-dowered Penelopi steadfast and true. 
Wailed for her lord on the bier, as is meet for a wife to do. 
When his eyes she had closed ; for that is the meed of the dead 

which have died. 
Now answer me truly this, that mine heart may be certified : 
Who art thou, and whence among men?— thy city and parents 

where ? [ward fare 

Where now is the swift ship moored in the which thou didst hither- 
With thy godlike fellows ? Or cam'st thou a passenger over the sea 
In another man's ship, which departed as soon as they landed 

thee ? ■■ 
Unto him made answer Odysseus the full of devices, and spake: 
" Touching all these things unto thee an answer of truth will 1 make. 
Out of Alybas came I, wherein I dwell in a ^r -famed hall ; 
Polyperaon's son Apheidas the king my father I caU ; 
And my name is Eperitus- Over the sea was I tempest -tossed. 
Driven by a God from Sicania, loth though I was, to your coast ; 
And my galley afar from the dty is lying off the siiore. 
But as touching Odysseus thy son, it is Tour full years, and more. 


nf tjonirr. 

■ Sitice th^ Hme when he tunwl frofli my lAiherland'e halls and gat 
I faim away ; 31O 

ψ Tbc cvil'fatcd ΐ — iui<l y«t liad be bj[^^ fuii-bouJut; Πι^ΐ day 

On ihc ri^hi : Τ rejoiced for xh^ same, and ] bide liim good'Speed 

full faio. 
Blithe hctirtcd hfi went, and we hoped one day to meet again 
With fci»tful chrcr and with giving of splcntlid i^ifts — in vain I ^' 

Then 1 black cloud iDrroW'fraEight etishroiuW tho old man Tonnd. 

Wttb both h» hands hath he cAugbt ap tho ofihcA and dust frcm the 

firound, [io^ again. 

And he; ihuwfrred them down cm his ho« head. KinaaingandgroAn- 

TbuD the heart οΓ tb« «on yearned «ore, and a tudden throb of 

pain |£C6. 

Through hie noeiriU thrilled tiharp ntingtn^, bin dear-loved father to 

And lie frll uii his \^v^\t, and tlin^in^ lie kiiv?d hitn, :ind Imut cried 

he : 310 

** My father, my father, lo J. evion I, &m tby JoofT-suu^ht son 1 

At the last in the twentieth ysar to my btheilaj^d-lLomc have ! 

WOT. [and w:^il? 

Ο refrain thee, refrain thee from teftrs, and from this slronc crjine 

For l;cho]d I wilt tclL thee -good sooth, I muM needs make 9poe3 

with the tnlc! — 
] have sbin them, yea in our halls have I lilain the Miiior-thrnn^, 
And requited iheir heart-stinging scoroin^ acd all their tyr^nnoiid 
but L^tcrtrs starctl all 'wildetcd, and nnswerrd donbifnlly : 
" If thou art very Odywieus my aon returned nnto me. 
Show me a nuinifent token th^t 1 may be ^erti-iiod-" 
Then Odyascui the manifbld-counsuLlcd spake nolo him and ic- 
' plidl : 330 

t ■• Lo there^first xnstxk with tbbe eyes this scat-'-do«t thou Icnov it 
|b again i— [glen. 

Which vas ga^cd by the while-llAshuig tuak of a boar in PamaKnis' 
fn the land whithvi' sent of thee and the ladv my inufher Τ came 

I To AutolycLs ^ire of my mother, tb« eifte of his worJa to claim, 
Whicli be promised when hither be Tmed, find plighted hin troth 

Vri acAin, if tboti vilt, 1 will tell the« the trees the orchard through 
Which thou gave&t to me long ago, when 1 aaked thee of all things 

The Ud rtinntng aftei thy atcpa throiJ^h the ^anli-u rvrrywhrre : 
And we pa!A«^d throiiiih the Kelisamc trce« : thou didst tell me the 

namee4>f them then. 340 

Ten apple-lreeo gavut thou me, and peAr^trees three and ten. 
And fig'trces forty ; and lifty lowa of the vine didst thou name, 
Saying ' These do J give tbee '«the ripening »eason of none wiw 

the^ame. [thereof. 

And of manifold kind are the cluslcts that b&og on the branches 

3i8 ^t^t £>biffrtfes BOOK XXIV 

When the seasons with sunshine and rain beat down in their 
strength from above." [broken, 

Lo how his knees wax weak, bow the strength of his spirit is 
Who heareth Odjsseus speak that sure and certain token ! 
Around his beloved he threw his arms ; and the toil-tried son [one 
Close, close with his strong clasp drew to his breast that fainting 
But when he again breath^ free, and his spirit revived in him, 
Answering then spake he with a new fear dawning dim : 350 

" AUfather, ye Gods of a truth in Olympus on high yet abide, 
If the suitors indeed have atoned for their folly and tyrannous pnde. 
But now am 1 sore afraid lest the Ithacans all straightway 
Come up against us, and speed forth the tidings to bring the array 
Of the folk of the Cephallenian cities on every side/' [plied : 

But Odysseus the manifold -counselled spake unto him and re- 
" Nay, be of good cheer, let thy spirit be nowise careful for this. 
But let us away to the house, for anigh to the orchard it is : 
Thither Τ sent before me the neatherd and swineherd- wight , [3^0 
With my son Telemachus, there to make ready a meal forthright." 

So when they had talked, they twain to the fair house took their 

way: [that lay. 

And they came to the homestead again mid the beautiful meadows 

Telemachus there, and the neatherd withal, and the warder of swine 

Were carving the stintless meat and were mingling the ftame- 

flushed wine. [loil. 

But Laeites the mighty-souled was refreshed the while hotn his 
Being bathed by the handmaid old and anointed with glistening oil. 
And was clad in a goodly cloak ; and Athena drew nigh unto him. 
And for that good shepherd of folk she swelled each kingly limb, 
And she moulded him broader to see and taller than theretofore; 
And forth of the lavcr went he, and his dear son marvelled sore, 370 
For the old man seemed to the sight as the Gods that for ever 
abide ; [cried : 

And sped the winged word-flight from his lips, and astonied he 
*' Soothf father, one of the Deathless that dwell in the halls of the 

Hath made thee grander in stature and goodlihead to our eyes." 

Answered and spake unto him Laertes the ancient-wise ; 
" Ah Zeus Allfalher, Athenfr, Apollo, that this might l>efali. 
That as he who laid Nericus low, the city of stately wall, 
On the mainland ness, when I ruled the Cephallenian men. 
That 1 in our hall yestreen had been such an one as then, [3S0 

With my shoulders in battle-gear clad, to have stood by thy side in 
Beating the suitors back ; full many a strong one's might [the fight 
Had I unstrung there in thine halls, and thy heart should have 
gfowed with delight," [rest 

In such wise father and son were communing, the while the 
Wrought till their labour was done, and the flesh for the feast all 


Of ^omrr 


Then £at they down to the meal in order ozi settle ard chiir. 
And they put forth Ihcir hands for to eat : — lo, comclh another 
Daliufi the (lid ; iind his tall stms weary with laiiour done [Iheic, 
Follow after him into the hall, for to call them tbeir mother had gore. 
The afied Sicilian dame which provided them meat, ord aye (390 
Chomhcd their sire's bowed frame and the dear locks silvcx-prey. 
Now when Ihe^e cast eyes on the king, and wer^ vr&Te οί OdySi^vis 

their lord. 
They *toud aorc mnrvelling ; but Odys^ua cried from the boifd* 
And tiis word^ of kindly cheer t^ats blithe through iho «h&dovry 

halU: [my thrnlU ; 

** OM eire, sit thee down at the meat, and forget your amazement, 
For thai long have we waited a-hunE:rc:d here, and restrained oLtr 

will [still. ' 

To put forth DiiT hands to the meat, fbir we tarried yocir coming 

But with outstretched hands forihripht to the hero Dolms sped ; 

And he gra&pcd and he lovingly kissed Odys&CLis' hand At the wrist ; 

And tliitlercd the wii^ged word-tlight from his irembltng Tips, and 

he za id ; 
'* My lord and my love- to the hearts that longed for thee uorethou 

art come 1 400 

Ah< we ihojghi not to see theci — the Gods ihemselveu huve wsnl 

iliee home? 
All hail unto Ihee 1 all blias may the Gods upon Ihcc boslow I 
Vet answer me truly this, to the end 1 may surely kno^'. — 
Doth Pcnelopi pas^ing-wi^e know certainly touching my lord. 
How thiht home thou an come, cr send we a messenger thither- 
ward ? " 
Answered and apakt; unto him Odysseus the counsel- fraught : 
"Old man, ^he knoweth ; — what ne^ that For ^urh things ihou 

take thought?'* 
Then m the polished chair the ancient sitielh hinri dow'n ; 
And the ^ons of DoUus there prest round that chief of renown ; 
And they bid all-huil to the king, to h\% handi; do they lovingly 

chng : 4to 

Then arow at the board they sat by their father» the whrtc-hoircd 

And a glorious fea^t U'as that in the happy- murmuring hall. 

liut Rumour the messenger sped through the city on eNcry side. 
Crying "The suitors are dead, and aterrillc death have they died! " 
And at once all hv^tu the tatr, ard from all pariK g:ilheHng 
Cftmc the ^>eople with sighing and wail in front of the lumse of the 

And they bare forth mournfully thcwccun>MS,end I«iid in the grave: 
Hul the slain of the land^ over««a unto uKber-folk thry rav« 
In the ships swift-faHng to ^o unto each man's town with ihe dead. 
But themselves heart- anguished for woe Ihiens^d all to the lolk- 

tnate-siead. «JO 

320 %it flDtjpfltfrp BOOK xxi^ 

And so soon as the great town-square was filled with the gatherin 

Arose £upeithes there in the midst of them all, and he spoke ; 
For a burden of grief undying on that looe heart was lying 
For Ancinous, him that first by the hands of Odysseus died ; 
And the tears for his dear son burst forth afresh, to the folk as h 

cried : 
" Ο friends, a horrible deed to the people hath this man done f 
Some ted he away in his galleys, — ah, many a gallant one I 
The ships hath he lost : and the men— ye shall never behold then 

Himself is returned: — Cephallenia's noblest sons hath he slain! 
Bestir you, or ever this fellow to Pylos hasten away, ^^i 

Or to £]is the sacred, wherein the Epeian lords bear sway. 
Let us upf else ever henceforth shall our portion be shame am 

For a mock were this to be heard of them that are yet unborn. 
If on them which have murdered our sons and our brethren ruthles^] 
We shall not avenge us ! Life should be no more sweet unto me 
Rather forthright would I perish, and hide my shame with tbi 

Up, let us go, lest they 'scape us, and over the water be fled ! "* 
So with passionate tears did he cry, and ruth seized all that throng 
Lo, now cometh Medon anigh, and the bard of the heaven 

taught song, 
From the halls of Odysseus the king, for that sleep horn their eyelid 

had l^own, 44 

And they stood in the midst of the ring, and amaze took every oiu 

Then spake unto them the herald, Medon the wary-wise : 
" Ithacans, list to me now 1 Odysseus did not devise 
Aught that was done, except by the will of the Dwellers on high. 
For I, even I, beheld a deathless God stand nigh» 
Yea, at Odysseus' side, — but as Mentor he seemed to the sight, — 
And now as a God immortal was cheering him on to the flght. 
And now, as he rushed through the hall, hurled terror the suitor 

among ; 
And fast fell this one and that of the panic-huddled throng." 

Then came upon every one strange awe and pale dismay : 4^ 
And Mastor's ancient son Folytherses began his say, 
Who alone beheld the tbin^ overpast and Che thing that should be 
And amidst of the stormy ring with kindly intent spake he : 
'* Give ear unCo me, ye Ithacan folk, 1 will utter my rede: 
These deeds be the harvest, my friends, but your coward siu wa 

the seed. 
For to Mentor, the people's shepherd^ and me would ye not giv 

To withhold your sons from their folly, and bridle the lawless deec 
And a horrible thing in their godless recklessness they wrought. 

ΓΒοοκ xxrv. 

of l^oinrr. 


For they wa5tc3c! the wcjuth of α prmce» χηύ bis wife they mcI at 

bdiirts, ' He 


Eaughed m their be^ts, ' He will never come back any 
more I ' the 7 thought. 460 

AnJ now let ihe past be past : — Ο heafkon my coiuisel at last t 
L*i us go not up, i«et som? by ihemeelves into iuir be cast.'* 
But ior answer a mighty roar and a furious wnt-yell rang : 

t There were some tatncd stiU, but more th^n the half to their fjsot 
upsprang ; [ndt : 

I They ^'outd noneof hia coun^I, they heard but Eupeilh^g' vengeful 
And forth o( the place wmth spurred for their hnmeas of battle ihcy 

And as ^ουπ as they ill were dight in :heir brass-moil Hashing bright, 
Forth of the town are they gone, ihey array them in &ont of the 

And Kup<^ithes tsadeth them an in his witlcssness ta their fale ; 
For he dreamed of revenge fur his slain 5on — ah, but it was not his 



To return from the battle again» but to plunge to the netherworld 
I fjlnctn- 

Bui in heaven the while to Kronion Zeus did Ath«ii4 cry : 
"O Kiono»' eon» AJIfaiher, who rulest o'er princes on high, 
Say, what deep counsel within thy breast doth hidden lie ? 
Must there be more of the dre^J war-shout and devouring sword, 
Or ordain et thou for these henceforth swe«t peace and loving ac< 

Made answer to her the Cloudrack 'herder, the Thucderiog Sire : 
*' What aileth thee, Ο my daughter, 10 searih into this and enquire ί 
Wu it not thou that devisedst the thing that hath now been done. 
That with vengeance for those ill-doers Odysseus should come to 

hU own? 
Do After thy pleasure ; yei thus it seemeth me Iiest to do: 480 

Foragmuch as Udysseu^ now hath requited tlie suitor crew, 
he a sacrifice-covenant made, and let him he their king for aye : 
Atid let us Mot out from their hearts the rememtirance of the day 
^'hen their sons and their brethren were slain, and let there be love 

between these, 
As of old : )'cA, let there be plenty withal, and abundance of peace." 

Yet more enkindled now is Atheii£ the cagerheaned : 
She hath flashed from Olympus' brow, and adown to the earth hath 
she dEirted. 

Now aaMroQ as from those at the board all hunger waadone away. 
Λ wary -counselling word *gan Ody^^eus the loil'Tiied say : 490 

" L«l one go forth and behold, lest the foe be alreftdy at har^d/ 

Then hied him α eon of thcold thrall forth at the heros command. 

And be stood on the thre^old and gaud ; and lo> they were aU 

hard by : [cry : 

And with fivnft rushing words hath he raised for Odysseus a warning 

322 'Hit Φ^^Κΐζ BOOK KXEV. 

" What ho I they are here — tfacy are dose at hand I let us arm us 
with speed I " 

Eftsoons at his cry they arose» and they dad them in battle-weed. 
OrOdysseus' band were there four: there were Dohos' sons, six men : 
And Laertes and Dolius the hoar-haired dad them in war-gear then 
In eld's despite, for that sore need made them fighters again- [500 
And as soon as they all had dight them in brass-mail flashing bright» 
Wide open they fling the doors, and the king leadath on to the fight. 

Then, to thdr aid drawing nigh, Zeus' daughter Atbeni came ; 
As Mentor she seemed to the eye, and withal was her voice the same. 

Then did Odysseus rejoice, the hero divine toil-tried : 
Forthright he uplifted his voice, and blithe to his son he cried : 
" Telemachus, now shalt thou learn — for thyself art come this day 
To the place where the dauntless- hearted are lords of the wavering 
fray — [fore 

Shalt learn not to shame us, the line of thy others, which hereto- 
In prowess and manhood unblenching were peerless the wide world 
o*er.*' [shone — 510 

Then Tdemachus cried, — and his eyes with the li^ht of battle 
** Thou shalt see, father mine, an thou wilt, what spirit is in thy son I 
Bring shame on thy line! — saidstthou? — it shall never be said of 

Then the heart of Laertes leapt, and triumphantly shouted he : 
'* What a day have I hved to see, kind Gods ! — right joyful am I ! 
My son and my son's son now for the palm of manhood vie I " 

Drew nigh to him then and cried AthenC the flashing-eyed : 
" Arkeisius' son, who art dearer than all my fellows besidet 
pray to the grey-eyed Maiden, to Zeus Allfather pray ; 
Then swing up thy long-shadowed spear, and hurl at the foe 
straightway." [fire. 510 

Then Athenfi breathed through his breast, and flamed the battle- 
A moment his prayer he addressed to the Child of the Mighty Sire ; 
And he swung up his arm, and the flight of the long-shadowed lance 

hath he sped ; 
And it smote on the morion of bright brass warding Eupeithes' head. 
Nought it availed him ; the spear right on through his brain hath 

Heavily fell he ; his gear of battle clanged and clashed. 

Then the king and his glorious son on the foremost fighters leap. 
And with hghtning of spears fall on, and with flame of the falchion's 

And now of the rebel array no man had returned that day ; 
But Athenfi the grey-eyed Maid, the child of the Aegis-lord, 
Uplifted her voice, and she stayed them from strife with her warn- 
ing word : 530 
■■ Refrain you» ye Ithacan folk, from battle bitter and stem : 
So without blood shall ye part, and a remnant shall haply return/' 

So Pallas Athen6 said, and pale fear thrilled them through j 


oc garner. 


And by reaflon of f^h&stiy dread from their hands their wMpcina 

That xhty clattered and clashed en 1h« groitrtd as the great votc« 

p^ed thro' the etnie. 
To the city tbev luraod them rouod, each man sore &iii of hit life. 
But from godlike Odysseus lang a temNe battle-cry ; 
And he crouched i^ the leap, and he Gpr&tig;, ad as eagle that 

swoops trom on high. 
Theo burled AUfathet. to stay him, his bolt of the leviB-firc ; fj^o 
And Lt fell aL ttte f^et οί the Gr^y-eyf^d, the Child of a Mtfjhiy Stre, 

Then to Odysseus ched AthcQu ihe flash ing-ej^ed : 
'• Ο Zeus' anJ Laertes' seed, OiJysseus shiftful at need, 
Refrain thee! Withdraw thine haod from the struggle of bickering 

Lest thou waken the wrath of Kronion, 2eue who beholdeth from 

So cnal she : forthright he obeyed ; ah then did his spLiit rejoice ; 
For inshapeiaaaf Mentor arrayed, and speaking with Mentor's voice, 
Athene the Warrior maid, the ChilJ of the Ae^'ir. lord» 
By covenaDt-peAce made hatred tc cea»e in loving accord. 

printeo hg Sarntcott anb ^taitt 

at tf)e atiienoeum ί^αβιϊ 






" Tb« wcrh of Λ ροβΐ ot no m4«fl (lurlt^ . Wb had 111! b«v iboucbl Ur. 

but Λτίί huM sbowa c^uaa why wd alio^ia tvaaaal^Bi Uul fUiJemcjiU ^ ^ Hu 
g|«^ lu. fotl Tretnitt it will glvfl mnn^ of eur rnkdenH (caIilihI gAnuiae pleuiue. 

" ί\ΛΛ tjfd vid mottMncoE ; hu wrhiLl wa rniuhv ha «l]&«cd to call ' -^tt.' iit Epcak^ 
lug of 4 vorV of η dirf^r'tnichBrKTffr Histv\int*u wbnl ii hhtoluicl^ rdtfeD- 

tUl In HoniiulL• UJiaelHioD. iomclhiiLK tlul «abwuitio ihe ' ttietiL ^ued'oTlbo 
beinniDfdr. . . SMiVeJy «hJo booli 10 giw toao linAeinnltve ϊ<ψ, Wt ho'st/old 
tho'ii biB fAvourilQ pune» Kbdm ih* hniju u iAU<ily w Wniii^f Mntt. «vban « 

" An iFh^flvenenE of «ιαιΙιΙατΑΜββΐιΐίηΜίοΒ, md chi» tr»f which his TOblAii wt» 
οαα« ituu ύΛ QneJi Blwiihl bf Rmvfult «iblCe ihost «ho wi will ba slid to m 
the Greek and llw Eaj]iib idiont Η bappily raeoacU<4. . . A wry >pin«od 

" iNuAa^s ttlWr pau>^ of Iruc pocilc powefn anJ Dt xDflmOB «p[>r*ciAtiiui οί Ibo 
Vpir<1 of ί1>« ZTtzx mtgicitl «m prewctted tA ut, λτιΛ vrn virro IM cm From Γ^ΜΒΒΒ 
CD pAUuge wiLti A l<ecD >ddbc υί trijoynitrDL whicb is «01; uuuauitl lu Uie kiuttcutiif 

lAceaiiAral itn.1 of ticdienL^e iUnmcd Λαΰ iJie |rek[ chiEDi ol hJ* patt-i iitti \Jt 
found la Ibu wvlJ ituiAiaod pcwcf λλΔ πιπίοτΐ^ of wbol• bcoki, DM »l IwUled 
pBoagn Tbe n>H[ lacc^Hful iiri«nif>( m*d4 oi ]ftt* jaart Μ repicdv» tb« 

TtCOrou* riOB or ibp urj^jQ^I. Tbeuiltoi teivciLQii li QOfUFCct. ujJmwi every 
pa§a oooEalos jomc tiAppj' nrudctLbg of (be Oreck 0: bpia p^Mvj^ j(4ELati with 
nu IfiW HOffwric ipiriL'^— y.^Aii StilK 

" Took ib« Ijleiuy world br & mrprias tbjtl «mq lipoftcd into ■umJtittiua,'*— 

" Ha* j^lrvkdr ukcD 4 blifb pUce amuonil Eonlieb renioni of ltoti]Gv-"-^iaiil• 

" 3ουιυ3ιη£ 3A.i]>n iLi^b η jio prttioui Uuialiit^T ot Huiuai iatv vcm liiit em- 
ployed' . - We ATfl ηπΗίΙΙΙηβ u nvniion pvUcutAr pijiaof it» vv««k for fMr 
of indmidDe ibftt urne rniy be tviLer tfun oiUhi . , Iht* Ane, bold vrork t• 
Altl«iMV lihlflBflmgni.^— ri»Wi< C^Uj^tv, 

" Tlifl volume lo ■ trvm of rrn^re thin ■««rttt* beauir» vhen coniidafed Apul 

" ^o aD0«4n fMl 10 recainiv» la Riu)]rcl itm ftMifnt the ετβμ uid leelinf «f 
A true poet- "— i/iilo ofH^ U****•*. 

~ li4e'^>f<^ rHummflfidknorii. ra rlw^H «bo At* ebl•!» rc«i1 knd «n*"^^*** 
IjiuQDi m liiB Einlire lafiguaBe, will be ic» wurjiIirrfLiltv itr^ci clrjtpnem, παΐ trjlr tL> 
the Hnee, b^c o'tn lo (Hq vefy foiinf of tufirc-aeioii mode use ef Iry IIor?i<:r, lukd 
lAe n^ppxMt vhic^h ERc tr4.niU(Cr hn ci findirgFifaeT l• (iglinrmjiiit-aUnTtfnf HCw 
meik fordL EDjilieb icadcr>,*Bfiiii, vil] beuLilriA^IiAiLtfoI wiLJiiJie puirly Είτ^Ι^ 
tvbjac• iab whieb he h&e oOuLtiv*^ 14 coaiett th> grt-Dil lacbu^ bnoeof Lhe ^raod 
&Ld p0f4. lAet prtMnTot Piucb Of ihupDctmi iruriiwOlcli leeoKpmmiporatein 
Ilia proccMof mniJAUoa, ecd oaucboi «blib did. Ja pdsivf bci, anpjr&io umW 
Pope** more coBtentlesaJ XtmΛπΛΛt."~'S^lΛUmΛΛ 

" tVe bhve be«a inoit A^reekMy eurj>TlAe4 nml pJeucd , - . ■ Tif^otou» Aev 
Bnd ' lilT ~ (hut ««nil u atar an m;ipr<0]ich ο tb* ρφΐϊίυι of our UDguage [■ l\k^j 
U> {DaIio H> ibc ir^Dilcia roEJine τεπα of Homer; —4;urdiaiL 

*' We taftve Bfti^ eneu)i;b to pro** ihel Chie le no or^iaur vork. It flbon* p o»>r 
u «c^l u ETKD iDd LUenlncB ... tale «Dib d aoe λ pinpbrMB btil % tt$A 
UAoeUtioD. vorr MtiOfX Mad )^l full of p««li« beaulr."— Lenitf e (f iivf ir;> fttfi-ifB, 

/« Λ »JiM f»oJttn^4io., priKt io/6 mat. 

Ckaa. iplrlted, vwift in monoieBt uid ilmpla. . . Ίΐια moiiU b« >iieli >■ to 
^ΛΜ Ur. Wk^'i j<**Bmmmrt* iq th« froDt Fuik D< HmiBric tfmniladoiu- . - Hr. 
yiA-f% TBffion ia new taM, frigid, or pompou. In ibo point oC matricil farm it 
b*e adnaod oa kU it• pndecoiaort ; hi• mvtA oomo• wy iukt ia l«aeth. totODM^ 
ADd moT«dMQt, to bdne A lAQolno EAcUJb eqninla&i iot iXm Greek H >i*m > Mg ." 

" Be ia• tnuliKirthr vcbolAr ; h« hu Are uid spoBd ■**"wgii uid toipan. H• 
boldfrnLrAttantioa; w«r«a4 himlorhiaawniftke. . . Awork«hicliii«h«vtilr 

■doir•."— j4 f *< Ml BW. 

Ur. War ti** uGomplUiBd a ramiirtiLUe UaX. A Unv-lior-tiD• tnmlatioii . . 
raodared with abaoluta wiwH— ιΚη««η^—, with BboUrlLka accancr, and with n^ 
OaigLDg ngonr, 1• a aoccaaa of which the author may well t» pnnd." — QMfird 

" Roallr a great aocoB. . . Tliere U a •cpor wi• rot! ta It, and a TeriWy of 
panaa. a flaxihilltT. λ ridmeaa, and « dignitr about it that nuuie it aj^rondi Deaier 
to the apleodid mtulc of the Greek thu Mrtblnc eUe that b•• been pndnoed in 
tlM iMme Jioe. The dictloo. too, of the trafMlatKin ia Homeric— while ϊΝ^β liea 
vnoDihed and polished awar all cbvacter oat of hia nripnal and Ila hdeli^ ia 
tmllr iomuiiab\e."—PaU MaU GoHttt^ 

" We fael coofidant that thii ipiritod and poweffal tramlalion trUl grow in pop- 
nlaritj and favDnT. Turn wbarerei we maj, wa load Ur. War'aTaraaawitbHdiffereDt 
kind of pleaovre from that which ίι derived from the ordinary nm of tmotUtora." 
WtUminsttr Rmtw. 

-' So accurate and fordbla la thii bnLUant venk» of ΗοαυτΊ poem, that it wtD 
Dot only recommeod iCaelf to caLtnied leadera, bat it aboold abo tend to popnJarlaa 
Ibe etpdy of the grand Greek poet'a entire work," — MormiMt PoU. 

" A Caitlifnl lina-for-LiiM rendering of Homer. . . A awing and anergy which 
leave moat trwulKlDti ^befaiod. A Terrhigh [evel ia maintained from flrat toLaM 
ia the Iliad, u if ihe graodenr ol the Uume, the aenaa of noblD bction, had ooo- 
atrmiiWd him-" — BritiiX Qaarttrfy Rtvittr. 

''Where the poetry of limpte actUm reaches mbUmity, thi• anil• Ur. W^." 

" Haa given new [iHa to Homer in an EogMih metrical dreaa, and Ehe fldelitj of 
Hie verBioo is matched by the fire and fisrce infuaed iDto the renderiog. Ur. Ww 
la iUie Chapman in hi• freedom and awing, but iw lb richer jd cotooring, kjttioa^ 
he ii rigidly cloae to hi• text Tranalatea Homar ελ one poet can alone tranalata 
another, Haa the troe Homeric fBeling, and ba κνπν to tivt iba raie that be 
reoden with stKh remvkable fOree, fidelity, and apirit"— PaNic Opini^it. 

" It aeema a far cry from Chapman to Mr, Way, and yet we doabt whether the 
Interval offerm any venioa of Homer which ίι oot. br compariaoa with thiM, 
farmal and mechanical. . - ThiafascinatiDg Tolame . , aboimda in Inatanoei 
ΐΛ the combioatioD of freedom of enpreiaioa with eaaential fidelity to the meanio^ 
. , haa made λ diatiDcl contributioa to the reaonrcei of Homeric tranalatioQ^ . 
He haa adopted a metre in which it wonld, we think, be impoaaible to maintain a 
Ucb Ifivel of poetry «Ethout a poetic gift of hi• own. Ur. Wa^'a adveatore adrrutl 
of DO meaJi between failure and aucceai. We believe that be liaa choaeo tbo 
measare which ia beat fitted to repreaeni Homer to Bnglith TflHdera, but we feeL nt 
the aame time, that it is a ventahle bow of Uly$U$. which OfUf a roaater» hand 
wiU be able to bend," — Gnardiam^ 

" The firat volume of Ur- Way'iuce translation of the fJiAi led ni to place itabora 
Chapman'a. The second crowns the edifice of his Homeric labourm eo splendidly 
ttiat we are able to exprera our preference a^n «rith renewed confideoce. . . 
We be]ie*e that a full and fair companson of the two temons wouM coannce even 
Lamb and Keats, wboae oame• praaent ihemaeJraa inaTitably here, that in Mr. 
Waj ihfl dfllighlful old fallow wibo ' apafee oat loud and bold,' ha• fouad more tbA& 
hi• tnatcfa.' '^Sptctator. 


pbH Mr. W^y ■■ a^fnAll^ mcrv wiicctt^tvi in hm rhrmcd hrit cfnttn! ixl«c i^jin in 
Λκ duEoijitii Tb* chnrU ούΤΛ tinvD bf><ii mr deipK^r uf tT^ruiiiuiri, Λ\ία Fuva 

Ip-kC in (be inmui«r of Dryd^a « Coltica la [ne b«ti «gbtlituia ] but who un b* 
ifuate<1 Lo <iiLke k citii ιού hLrmaaJcui Doiii on τϊ» Irrt wtiich Li lo ΙπΑΐροηβΙτι» 
lo A feeMD la.jch/ Mr. Wny C4it , - , llio lyrKi hitr* Ji thL lyiic iwrnpc ubout 
Ihera Thofe It btidly κ chnf^l oJt ίη which w* 4Ϊο not Γιχΐ γ*αΙ]τ bLtc<4BiM 
errOrta Eo α^ΓΤίΕιίΠΕ ■ Fugblr txunic «ltIh wlili ft UuhfuJ Taprodiictifin ni ii:t LhouKht 
of lli« poet. ThQ ΐΏίΓοΙΐΐίΕίοΕί tib ' Eunpidu LDd bia Work' ia «1ίηΐΓκ1>Ιΐ, k >■ 
faftruciLve, judiciom» and alcniUflUt . r - matt mWrvflHi^g. TSa iiuit^ni cf 
Gmk wiU odmliv hit woih fof it* M^ttiy ud tcboLLTtUp; Mid lie *lio ϊΐΜ oa 
Gfcah Λ* Ul set (ke&rti ta Evj-ipJ4<« Αλβ b» 4τοΐ «pprou^tid ^fcro "^j*Siiw4iv 

" Som«ibice f^of* ^***^ u otdiaut vilcoB» «««ni• to be dtM to llti• rtliine. 
Mr Vfaya tfinfon is f^ittiful El I4 ικ>φ(ΙοΟ JiamantiAHDdidokQf ibaortttoiil. 
Λ play te^l throuxb in hu tiAoilMjcD may bo ftppneutco u • roftl ^ecB of Μβη- 

turt, , . , The mor* ο^τι^ιιϊ-,μΤ ■[ίΐ<)*οΐ. And ««MOteMy ib* lntBllJi*<iE 1π«Γ of 
Mtsfaiure who uo«i qo( ra«i1 Grtvk w^ib «ub. wtlf be ecDulnely irhinful tu Hr. 
W«y for liftTiageDAblhl tL•cJ]ιH>kpp(«clhlBC9rιhonιwIvD>IbcJ{UllLit d^ Eurjpida•/' 

"Wt hLftonl^ cannadiUtioni tagit• titm. Tb« m plafm ίη ibtt volnm* on 
rendered ιπτο cliaife knt^iibkAd ftccompltihnt rCi^llimi, indicfl Mr ^hy'iwcAllIi 
of melriiJil mrLfiilj U tfimtrkuiAa- Et n in ibo chonc J j rice, wUh ificLr ungq- 

^r bnuly oi [ihr^tt knd nirwf mvrit. that Mr. Wiv Iv^i Bi<«ll«d Ajufi irotn ftll 
qUHEioDi q( KbolBfihtp ud ^dvlLiy, ba h» projund irmntljiilDnt EbAi *r< floe 

Κ [CI ί ΛοΛ Lib pODl>c«l lelLcily ii 00I purohun ■> itiu r*p«*e oi ^«uruy . . 
h worif n oflirih man^ womy rbbv«, which crime lo no ccncluviiitn - ίπΜϊι Mi 
Wa^ I \u]uiiie UiG rcuJcE. Iluwcvce liLUc of λ lliTiOlui Im be. vill calLh iiiULb vf lI^B 
Origin*! ipirki. ' !^ft ^'Li^ < t'rinsi/ ld tiVo [ha phriuie of !>'. Wurt^n» Ai^pwirB no** 
for the tint timv in lAi fulben bl hit flory bcfor* Kngliib rt<u3«ra tbc mo ηχιά 
•pJcucJid POOL at Λ OKJUAiQd fAulti. wUu yei, WLihoui Injliiujliy Lpd viih mjuMto 
•n, 'wpt ivuvof p«rf*cl ιηΟΛα '"—ΰΛίΙγ C/iranitif. 

" To tht KbooltwT ifUli ■ DAlur«l utt» foi ceod llierstuTv, but vrbo bkt to ipoEl 
out hli ^Groek pEny comlrui ' ία fAJofu^ i|DE>t>*u Μ twenij' or uit^ Ιίπΐΐ (waor 
ibrve Elmos» avs^. Ii viii «jnie μ ^reveUilon Λού lari^nic ibai ht Elai Cwfu tauI' 
ing poeic^' wHuom kqi^winK it - ^ad eiECJiicf; poctrr *™^ Fv' ^c ^cccrvJ lender— 
If w« ftr imm^npnnr IHrHy W talip ΐφ itiii hoo^, hue m «nilWtnl of th» dualMia 
Dvrni to h«v« licut} lUv muiid uf KuilpLfJta uz Ijli ^tjiyi— ivit ΜΙΙνη (hiii, if h• 
n» A ni4D of jadcTOQor, b« w^^jM bali Mr. WAy'itolaniB aa the woilidf • P**^ 
drmiTiatit, to BtiOcaulLilly Ku Eh* iraniitLar ί^ι»|ΐΒΕΐ from rA* trBrnmali a ttiB 
Oieok ' - Hfl tui brtJUKliL EiTipbdc* bijiEie 10 ui, «Od wc danoikcto* bcmlO 
pay hira ngrvitar cocnpliment"— Jif- Jamtt'i GoMUtt, 

"We can ααΐΛΦη*ΰΙγ eonrrjittiUta lit, W»; , foi wt ure iniicb rn+WAliCD if tbli 
«Oi^, tof inotUtiuoficeilbe CEaHl(i),bKADD(beeii1b*r«entiiaB0f ιΐίί^ΐίπι•; . . 
It EAuatanraly bn ^«llRbtful (σοντι « fivouhr* puimltwiilcbcuipiDilucehoaaurmbl* 
■Ad nnial multa- Utoful tte book :■ duiAti»! to be, %ao we b«re found ίι as ex- 
EMBMr βΙΟΜΗπΊ r*]La[>l« rflDi1*nng of Jh-* jimtn'- J4«siie*> Ήΐ* ίηθί# *■* 

bate loaiad tt it witb cr «dul riorn tlm E:nii{Lpifci. ibt b«LliR' we baT^ likud it. Ια 
tba note difficiill tuh of r— i<rt>ig IflitAJ iiaMa^t*•, i| Ii u Ihm oodUIj «ucuhAiI, 
and il]« prefAce «ontuDi euBW malMBt naiarti upaa ifaifl idkiier, '— ^/•If4'!0r- 

"Mr. Way janlfeady lAvauntMy knovn 1c ch• pEibLlc by Ma azf*|[aDi »*rM tw»- 
U(l04u of tbe llEed tod OdYaaey, Tbwt li ob«iomTy ■ demuid far ibe wllio 
(■a laJtda la hand ; aa complflto irwuWtiou of Euripijaa hat appAu*d tiaem ιγ%^ 
ir II a tpai i*jt in t-'^niT>lD*neb vtpii]' «nd Lilt «Lth Κπλ r.>f .im» rideJtly. . ^ 
£jiuujib luhy ibni ■ ctadlnnol Ihl* folume bai eiwrjled iha iDrtPAvc foE Ih* Itm 
lima fully 10 appfectaie ilia mAMer^ of huAut it«[iD| «taich \a the Acerol of tho 
loanifltjr fif ΚϋΠριΊΜ, imd lha iEit^r MimvLrtftu cif mAnyuT Nc hiatal «aviUlciEI." 

{rtwst ΕοιποκΟ 

"Hr^ WftrbBftCDDned^liiaxinTiDgliktotluEogliabi grvftt AhI of ttiB ca- 
tlnuiMai and fin of UH ori^ul ... not » mufa m Utonl tmnlatiiB u & 
ptmpbiw oC the Gnak vbkh rwUlT daw «raUin St. hol'i υπίΒαΙι. It (■ » 
nnfiil mid ioTiiomiiig oompftiiioA to tb« ItofiHd V«niaa, whkh wat odc* del• 
«ribed u '■ a bad lr«ii*Ulioii biit ft lood crib ΐ ' ' ud Uiii ia J bA UB oppodta.'^^^^til^- 
^^ JZfVJfar. 

" or qult«aaiQQ0valiMtDtiieina1titDd«of Engliili nadan Jnocant of Onak. 
Hla tnoilatioii of F*sl'» iMtar* is DM ao OT^inazy traaalatiaD. TuuiUMcdoei b« 
viah It to be ncardod u a panphraaa, and It la not a puafdm••. Tl if a adnhily 
and bithfol. without beliw m litanJ. nndefliig. li mtkai [ba lattan intvIU^Ua to 
tbonadsr. It pnaaala t» Apoatle'a meauli^ la claar PwjHfh it (ίτο• IhOBBBaa 
Kod forca of aBntencea and ai^nmealB, vitboiat foUowioc tba word-lOr-«tmX looder- 
htfla of oar ordioary vanioai. Tbia book irQl anabLa mtiltitiidva of powla to 
naaa:«aad St. Paal'i writiDga lor tba fiiat dmd, and to mad tbam witb natr 
[d«K>an and profit If τ, Waj'a judgDUDt io ganaral ix ms maaoA a* b^ acbotarahip» 
vbJlfl to tba gaaBra] roadar tba affact of bi* vu'eioa wiU be tlut of in lUnmiiiatioa.' 

"Tblanw tnmalKlioa cn^i i^QickLj to acquire a bigb place in public Mteem. 
It baa tbe ipedal merit of ohabliDg tbe readar to follow tbrooRhoot iba attthor'a 
train of tbcn^bt. - . He is pecnUarlT bappj in tbe ***'•^«ί**«*ι i ρ «^^p^i.Tirw of a 
pbraae to Indicate tbe aequeoco of tbooghL A Bible atadeDE wbo kooirs im> Gniek 
may be uaoTod tbat be can get far oaarer tbe aanae of tbe ori^odU than moat π»α 
do who bave peed for raan over a Greek TaftuuoL"»Z>di/)r CkrmisU. 

"' In tbia new venloo St Paot appeara, not aa the writer of diajointod tboochti, 
but as an ifnte logician and tba maater of a styla nnnrpaaaad for daanMaa aod 
force. Ur. War haa performed hlataak «itb reverence and tbat ragvd Cn adiolar' 
ahip whicb «aa to be expected of tbe traniiator of Houer and Eoripidol•'^— Cos- 

"Isitnot oMdl«ae to asT that Ur. War baa dotwbisw«k wdl ^ Hebaa pro- 
duced a modOTO Engliata venjon» wbicfa tdbat otber• bave also done. Hebai doae 
more than tbHt Whfla otbaii bAvn tried lo bdne 5t^ Paul down to our dar and to 
make him spakh in oar loogua» Ur Wmt bas ukon □■ ba<± to tbe days of SL Pxnl, 
There is a tradition tbat ■ great pTQacber made bia aarmon cooalit one day of 
dke mere leadiDg from bepnoiog to end of the Epistle to tbe Hebrewa. We night 
all tty that method occasionally witb a Pauline Efdalle» and if we naa Mr, Way's 
venioD. our bearers would " fOLkvw " ai easily aa they do an average SBmon." — 
BxposUory Tisia, 

"Mr. Way was wall adviaad in renderiog St. Pajjl'• Epiatlatinio the iangnageoi 

Dormodeni lUBpKodlo Kttamptingby hiimothodof tnnslation to>ddtbecocuieet- 
ing links wbicb tho roadae needs. . . The book is exc«l1oot." — Ckiwek QumrUtl^ 

It ii tbe best of all ρππΐ• transl^tiaiii of the Scriptures which w« bsve 
It takes a uuiqufl plKCe, mad Should bo nmA by ail who wish to get a 
tlwrough grssp of St. Paul's irgumanla and trains of Ihou^bt, Even those who 
read the original fluently wi]] find mKay_4 new light thrown upon diiScult passage• 
by this translation. Ur, Wsy is well known as s ikilful translator of Beraral daaa- 
ϊύΐ authors; but in thii reoderiDgof St. Pant he baaaxcelled himself. . . Tbe 
whole effect of this new tnuulatton- . . is to give oae tba feeling of reading S|. 
ENloI for the nrit time. The old f&miLiar author ii there, but aomebow hii words 
iosm to benr a new meaning tor us. This may leem an enormous claim upon onr 
readSTS' boUef^bnl it ii Domore tb«n Ur. W&y'i traoBlation deoervea. ^ , F^ 
Knclitfb TDBderauid Gfa^Kudenta of the PanLineEpinlea this translation, aofnah, 
BO origiaai, and also ao retereiu. will be of inestimable πι]ΐΐΒ."'-5<]ρ«ίί«λ Gumr^imm, 







Ι r 

ThlB book fthould b9 rotitrDKl ro 
Uio Llbrmry on or bvlbre ih9 1iu«t rlitte 
0t«inp<Kl b«loir. 

A. fln« of fire cems % day i> Incurrod 
by reminiDg it boyord the np^olfled 

PIOMo ntum promptly .